Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois on October 16, 1941 · Page 1
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Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, October 16, 1941
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.(By *M STERLING DAILY GAZETTE er Fr*i«T. Qntftiimftftg Cuwfimnft? Doily fw WWteiide Cay«ti«s EIGtiTY-SEVENTH YEAR—No. 91 Full Leased Wim Assoeimt.ed Press STERLING, ILLINOIS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1941 M«m3*«r e! the Audi* BLUMU PRICE FIVE CENTS Ship-Arming Plan No) Widely Fought By GOP in House Opposition Less Than On Any Other Recent Foreign Policy Matter By Don Young- WASHINGTON — 'AP' — Wellin formed house sources reported 10> day tncrea-sme r-istns that Republicans were abandoning opposition to PrcsJdrnt Roosevelt's foreien policies and would vote in surpriMra numbers to permit the arming of United States merchant ships. These sources predicted that the | final roll call, probably tomorrow. on a resolution to repeal the neutrality act prohibition against putting "guns on carso vessels would show more Republican.' voting "aye" than on any" recent foreien policy legislation. I The shift in sentiment was reported as the house met an hour earlier than usual to start debate on the simple repealer. The measure reached the floor without the approval of six of the ten Republicans on the house for- I eign affairs committee. These critics called the measure a step in a campaign to "put us into war by subterfuge." but even some of their nu. "ber conceded that it. would be ptssc.1 by a substantial majority. i H*w*e Sentiment Changed One of the minority party leaders. Who declined use of his name, said that Republicans who have visited their districts In recent weeks have returned to the capitol "a little more open minded" on international poii- I cies. Rep. James Wadsworth <R-NY"» co-sponsor of the draft law, said -A decided change is plainly evi* dent. The fellow* who went home tn August and September are talking to themselves. Some apparently 9 have been paying too much attention to cranks and not enough to —their* constituents. , Republicans likewise were viewing with interest the recent speech of Hep. George Bender (R-Onto). here- WILLIAM T. HARMON State Reformatory A Political Football, Declares Ex-Head / Was Handicapped by Shortage of Suitable Personnel, He Avers CHICAGO — f AP) — William T Harmon, who was replaced in July as managing officer of the state training school for boys near St. Charles, stated today that during the opening months of the Green administration he had been constantly handicapped. Two open letters to Gov. Dwight H. Green were made public by Harmon, who is living in Chicago. They charged that internal and outside factors had "shattered morale of ^. employes, added to their unhappi- tofore an outspoken opponent of ness, handicapped further the pro- the President, who said th*t_the gram lor boys axuUncreafied-tiemen- for partisan opposition is past He proposed that Republicans follow their course in 1917 and 1919 when, he said, "we joined wholeheartedly in every effort to finish 'the battle; we substituted oooperatioB for opposition." While the Democratic majority on the foreign affair* committee contented Itedf with a brief report to "a mat- fft ter of extreme urgency,- the Hx Republican disa-nters filed a voluminous document which held that arming of merchant ships would not k provide effective protection for their r crewa and that the proposal "is part 1C dmlnlitnffan pl our neutrality laws and put us into the war by aubterfuge.- On the atnate side, meanwhile, in- •armanU reported the foreign rela- •enmihtttee would to complete hearings on the ship-arming •nature by the end of next week a*d that the leadership would try tnr final eenate nmagr by Novem- Hiram Johnson (nVCalif) nuking minority momhu of the nmnnlitai told reporter* that there ahouU be some hearing* on the mea- but added that it "should be -a fair ahake. both to-tfa •Uttee and on the floor. I do not believe' any one will try to waste tune merely for the sake of wasting tone." - _ _ Schools •Jvwg^|B<w^w T VVaV 'SPRINGFIELD. ILL, — <AP> — Local school board directors in 17 oountto* have voted -to establish survey commHtnc* to rec- norganimUon of school State Soperin of Panne Inatruetka John JL Wtotondli offhi* announced to- dny . The act, sponeorcd by Rep. Lottie OWeUl CR-Downen Prove). In each of the IT counUe* that to prooiid with the survey, itoiatttiii will be o*with tttetruettomi to mn Doe. tl. 1M*. • The oountto* reported voting for the curvey were Champaign, Cole* Cook. Du Page. Ford, Gal- Hamilton. Kane. Lake. La •tilt, IfcBenry. Perry. Piatt, Pulas- gj, Suhnrtot. and Union. Wirfc fro^Wor Pkkets ILL. — <AP) — in front of Conunu- tost night, waving protecting the tooiatianitt of Sen. C. Waylaud Brook*. The banner* identified them a* voj of Local 451. Broth- of Ffaemeu and Oiler*, the aenator arrived for a introduced huurlf to each tca«U and offeied to «Jhike Onbr one of the IS refused, Later the tm*tar cxptolned hie Ytowpateti to the annual of the dously the problems of management." Harmon declared that after Gov Green took office 18 per cent of the jobs at the training school were left unfilled, that untrained help was sent there and that paydays were late and irregular. He asked the governor: •-Why not tell the public that the great state of Illinois requires one medical officer at St. Charles to attempt to carry the impossible burden of giving medical attention to 650 boys and 300 employes and at the same time making psychiatric studies of the same group of boys?' W«4——^^1—^— ^tf^^ gT dawVMCW !*<••> Declaring that school officials have no control over the paroling of boys, h -Why not tell the public that many boys were totally unsupervised for long periods, between January and July, because parole agent* in certain districts had been discharged for political reasons and successors had not been named? "Why not tell the public the truth about the inadequate parole super- vitiou given Bemaid 8awicktr~un- der sentence of death, and Richard Wesolik. now in the penitentiary, before they committed their crimes?' Harmon said that two guards were not responsible for fatal injuries re- id-b: rte-1i basement in February. Present at the tim£ he said, were "a number of dangerous young men. not boys." (Continued on nag* four) ^f W ^Vw ^PwF^BwnV ^PVpVwVwww^g9^WwwenHwwwP'w/wjg9 To Be Censored by Navy WASHINGTON — (AP) — Secretary Knox reported yesterday that plan* for navy censorship of oversea communications "are now well under way" but that actual Imposition of such censorship probably would not come for some time. In a press releaae issued by the navy department. Knox emphasiaed that no censorship of domestic new* was involved In these plans "other than the voluntary method which to now in operation." The arrangement* for •upervtoory oontroi of overaea* UMnmuntoation •re being made, Knox aaid, to m a minimum of interruption and inconvenience to legitimate buama Naval officer* enrolled from veriou* which make heaviect use nd ovenea wireleat, such a* the picas, h*i"fcf and shipping, are being especially trained for the cen anrenip work under direction of the ndant of the third naval district at New York city. Husks 50.23 Net Bu. In Woodford Co. Meet; Best Mark Thus Far EL PASO, ILL. — (AP) — Best mark reported *o far in county corn hucking contest* belong* to Leland Klein of Metamora. who pitched in a net of 50,23 bushels in ao minutes to break by almost nine bushels the old mark for a Woodford county wet." . Klein's showing will entitle him to consideration for a place in the state contest near Tonka Oct. 31. In 1939 he won second place in the state contest and fourth place in the na~ Uooal husking competition. Other county, winner* yesterday: Douglas —- Edgar VermiJLUoc won with 424 bushels. ManyhiH-Pufaaam — Clarence En* dree*. Wyoming, the wojk with on To Be Boosted 5c A Bushel for 1942 Hike Will Be Portly Offset by Decrease in Acreage Allotments I President Calls Parley Strong Red Army With Military Chieftains WASHINGTON — 'AP> — Aerir ;il- ture drp8rtrr.fr.: pfTirmU said today it was pmbshic that brncfi: payment rate.* to he nflprrd farmers for cooperation with the 1942 wheat crop rontm: rroersm would be 1 about 5 cente a b-^-hel lansrr than those brine paid under the 1941 program. The 1341 rate5 total 18 cents a bu-'hel. including a .vjil con."*rvation ratr of 8 cents «rxi a parity payment rate of 10 rent?. Farmers who cooperated 'with the 1941 wheat program by planting within their AAA wheat acreage allotment have received or will receive checks in the amount of 18 cents times the normal yield of their acrrace allotment For example, a farmer with a 100-acre allotment and a normal yield of 10 bushels per acre would receive 1.000 times 18 cents, or $180. Officials said that under the 1942 program, wheat .farmers probably would receive benefit payments amounting to the difference between the present government wheat loan rate — which averages 98 cents a bushel—and the "parity" price of Uie grain, which on September 15 was $1.21 cents a bushel. Would T»U1 23c a Umbel Thus, the benefit payments would amount to .23 cents a bushel, or 5 cents more than under, this year's program. The soil conservation rate, officials said, probably would be 10 cents a bushel and the parity rate 13 cents. Officials said it would be possible to pay wheat farmers larger rate* next year while at the same time reducing total congressional appropriations for agricultural payments. The ttve cent Increase in wheat benefit payment rates would no* be clear gain for farmers. They would receive such rates on about 12 per cent less wheat because then- 1042 acreage allotments have been reduced by about that percentage. The 1942 wheat alldtmenl-tot«ls-55.000.- 000 acres compared with 63.500,000 this year. Next year's allotment was reduced because of the large surplus now on band. Officials said reports from the winter wheat belt indicate that most fanners are planting within their reduced allotments. They said the possibility of rigid marketing quotas was leading aiowers to cooperate with the program. Under quota* this year wheat grown on e*eea» acreage* was wbject to'*_pem"yU* of 49 eenU a~MM:~'—-—-^r Further, farmers who overplanted their allotment* lost out on benefit payments. SWke Shirts Down DetrottStedPlMt (By The Associated Press) A new strike halted operations today at a big Detroit steel plant, while at Paacagoula, Miss^ AFL un- resump WASHINGTON — (AP)— PrrM- deni Roovvel: railed a conference for mid-afternoon today of his mill- tarv advisers :r. pise* of a centra! rftb;nft meeting -scinch earlier had t*~en scheduled. Whether the croup was to discuss the latest event* in the Far East, or general !?nd-lease operations, was not disclosed. Called lo the While House were the secretaries of stale, war and j navy. G?n George C. Marshall, army j chief of staff. Admiral Harold R. Stark, chief of naval operation-';, and Harry L. Hopkins, special presidential assistant on lend-lease Bid. The accelerated nast drive toward Moscow was speculated tipon as one of the topics of discussion. The White House said that Mr. Roosevelt would leave for his Hyde Park. N. Y_ home tonight to spend the weekend. Late in the day the President was {o receive members of the Supreme court for their annual call following reconvening for their fall and winter sessions. GRAIN MARKET OFF SHARPLY CHICAGO — (AP)—Wheat prices tumbled 10 cents a bushel on the board of trade today, the limit permitted in one session. All other grains showed aharp losses, with selling in all pits attributed to war news and the fall of the Japanese cabinet. This was the first time the market has dropped the limit permitted by lion of work at a strikebound shipyard. The dispute at the Great lake* Steel corporation in River Rouge wa* the fourth in four months, and officials of the firm termed it wildcat" strike. The plant employ* 8.000 men and has many, defense orders. . The announcement of the back to-work move at the Pascagoula yard of the Ingalls Shipbuilding poratton came from Federal Conciliator Bryce P. Holcombe. who aaid that representative* of various metal trades unions had agreed to recommend to their membership resumption of operation* after tfcree days idlene**. The possibility of a renewed stoppage loomed for steel operated soft coal mine* a* a result of a deadlock in negotiation* of workers and management before the national defense mediation award at Washington. The CIO United Mine for 43JM eoxptoya* of the capttv* mines in fwansylvania. Wed Virginia, ftlfiTimr Henturt-y, Union acceptance of a wan* hooflt enoW a strike worker* which bad dofox. _ _ . _ the largeat hotels in Pttteburgh far 1ft day*. The hotel operator* agnoi to increase payrolls by SSl&jMO a year—a 14 per cent hike a* compared with the » per cent original* demanded by the strikers. Georgia U. Students GOY. Talmodge Hornet* Education from Politics ATLANTA — -(AP)' — An ultimatum to remove higher education from mrftt'T taMiP'd****^ or softer undergraduate opposition in nil election campaign has been on Governor Eugene Talmadgc by •00 University of Georgia students. Aroused by dismissal of the uni* vresity from the Southern University conference and threatened crediting by the Southern tiod of Colleges and Schools, the students irmud on the capitol plasa yesterday. "Act like a Georgia alumnus* . . -We won't be with you in IMS if you don't do something* •' - • "Ofe 'Gene, dont be from placards, The students inotorcaded W wiles from the univmity scat at Athens, Oa, to pare«ent their toe governor. French Wor Leaders To Have Public Trial VICHY — (AP>'— Marshal Pe- tajn tonight ordered a speedy public trial for five men aocueed of leading France to defeat against Germany, including Former Premiers Leon Blum and Edouard Da- ladier and the one-time Allied genermliadmo, Maurice Gustave Gamelin. The chief of state announced that he had ordered Daladler, Blum and Gamelin transferred from one prison to another and had held Guy La Cbambre, former air minister, and Pierre Jacomet, former administrator of national defense industries, at the Chateau de Bou- rasaol. ~: He failed to mention Pierre Cot, another former ah minister who is now m the United States. HliiMHsans Observe Draft Ann JYersary • • ' -• * Gifts Sent to Service Men and friend* of mtnoto aoldton. Bailor* and marine* otoauuid afOttary Welfare day today by aending gift* and momagi to the men serving in the nation* armed force*. The special observance wa* carried out in compliance with a first anniversary of the first •"•t*rtr*ttm day under the selective service net and» greateat program. At a day for young btt»am the age* of 21 under the nation* ragtatratmn who had reached » ago af M before July I. this year, the niimbu wa* raised to approximately lUROjOgO. From thto number, 55,702 men were inducted tele the army up to the first of thto month through the at- toctive awnrke system. Including en In all of the army and navy. • Preen and State Draft Paul p. Armetnmg nude today the irrtftim of totter* of ap- lottiv* atrvtoe •g«iito«lloa in thto The governor wrote that the work of member* of the draft admini*Ua~ ex- There are m teal draft board* in the atete, each onaawting of three with a Do You Want A Home Of Your Own? To be a real how*, a home nuiat be more than merely weatherproof. .It muat be cheerful, inviting and attractive:" The Gfcaiette Want-Ad page bring* you a large number of • attractive home* for oate every day. If you are fantempUting the purchaa* of a home, refer to theat. Make It Your Daily Habit to Read the Want-Ads. tmdin? rules *ince May. IMO. whrn i prlcpj of irrams tumbled' sharply with i the German successes in weMern Europe. Rye tumbled 10 cents, corn and soybeans eight rents and oats MX cer:is. the maximum decline permitted in one session in each instance. With todays break prices of all Brains were the lowest since mid summer. Other farm commodities also suffered sharp retreat which market experts blamed largely on war news. HOSTS fell 10 to 20 cents, top sinking to $1075 per hundredweight, lowest) since June and $150 under the four, year peak established early in Sep.; tember. Butter was off 1-4 to 1-2; cent a pound in the wholesale mar- j ket. 92 score grade selling at 33 1-2., lowest in more than two months. Butter futures were the lowest since late in March. Cotton futures at New York dropped $5 a bete, and wool, hides, cottonseed oil. and several other sensitive staples immediately declined. Trading In the stock market remained fairly quiet, but several issues dipped tl to $2 a share. In bond dealings, U. 8. government issues were but a trifle lower. At the day's low point wheat showed net losses from the 4-year peaks recorded early in September of about 20 cents a bushel. Corn was 17 to » cents down, oats 11 to 13 lower, rye 19 to 22 lower and soybeans almost SO cents lower. in Siberia To Meet Japanese But Supply Problen. Is Complicated by the Nazi Invasion in West Japanese Cabinet Resigns in Dispute **f * On Foreign Policy Third Cabinet Resigns Alleged Racketeer Beaten Decisively In AFl Convention Browne Gets Only 421 of 38365 Votes For Vice Presidency SEATTLE — CAP)—The American Federation of Labor headed into the final hours of it* 61st convention today, atill buzxing-over the overwhelming vote by which George K. Browne wa* denied reelection a* llth vice president and executive council member. Browne i* on trial with Willie Bioff. west coast theatrical labor leader, in New York city on a charge of extorting tUOjOOO from motion picture cnmpaniHt in violation of the anti-racketeering act. Browne to of the Intomettnnal Al- M4 to 4X1 vote by wMchKdward Flore of Buffalo defeated Browne for the vice presidency wa* one of the mart one-aided ever cast in an rath— which rame a* a surprint to the. after they had adopted, earlier in the day. a atrongiy worded anU- racketeering reeolutioo, Flore. prmhtiiit of the Hotel and Bmpkjye*' union and incumbent Uth vice president of the AFU wa* nommatfd for Browne's position. The general convention impression had been, until anorUy before the election hour, that Browne would not be placed in nomination Browne wa* nomaoated by dele- gatee* from his union. The only vote* he got were the 4V vote* of the three stage employes' union dCKgale* and one vote from the Colorado State Federation of Labor delegate, also a member of Browne* union. " AFL President William Green reekcted by aorlamation for the lith time. Unanimous vote* alao were cast for Che other 13 vice preat- dentc. who """"iff"* the executive council, and Secretary-Treasurer George Meany. The new term* begin the flrat of the year. »*«M>n > "g a* the major l**ue for dlapoalUon before adjournment the iwjolution* committee mendation on aid to Russia. It expected to follow the executive council stand that aid to •*•—** to advUable from the *tanrtpnhit of military aalf Hoover Assails Denial Of American Foodstuffs TO Victiati of Germany WASHINGTON — (AP)—Herbert Hooter urging action to aend American f «f idol nib to occupied Euro- poan uMintitay contend* that the United State* ho* adopted the policy of atarvatten and death to thoat demon itfc paofto* bacauat U to a British policy." In corrawpanawnce released by Senator Capper (R-Kas) today, the former pnetrtont told Secretary of State Hull that Germany had agreed to meet apacinad firitil*'*"^" for 1ht dativery of foodatuff* to conquered notion*. He added that the plin. advanced by the national committee on food for the *maU democracto*. 'doe* *"H prolong t ht ff war a *tlft*ff day- Referring to a. letter from Hull on the food distribution plan, Hoover wrote on June S: "Not only am I deeply shocked at the present attitude of our goiom- meut but I know ten* of million* of n*rk**ni would alao be shocked. Rictory will never Justify the government of the United State* aUto* w|th the starvation of theat (Ruro- A restitution calling on the state department u> try to work out syatem for the delivery of food to subjugated nation* ha* pendiag before the aanate foreign r»- By DeWitt Markrr.z;? The Russian command f.'. midday indicated that the red '.:res were holding firmly against the increasingly violent nsizi assault on the defenses of thf capital, but *hil* the Muscovite statements were rod and determined they plainly were calculated to emphasize that the beleaguered city is in dire peril The German encircling movement continues, but the main Tore* of the Hltlerian thrust is being flung against the defenses directly west of the metropolis along the old Napoleonic route. An authoritative source in London said that the batUe here probably had reached HJS crisis, and this would seem to be true. By this he meant that the nazis and bolshevLsts are at grips close to the main bulwarks of the city in this frontal zone. If these fortified positions are reached and give way. the chief obstacle remaining before the Germans will be a wall of grimly battling red soldiers. The nazis are pouring" a steady stream of reinforcements, both manpower and menchanized equipment. Into the conflict here in an effort to smash through these vital defenses by sheer weight. The conflict is blood)*, and the dead are*piled high. Another Cristo In Orient As a companion piece to this great crisis, another has boiled up in the Par East, and our own United State* is indirectly involved in this. The Japanese government has fallen be- of a disagreement over the method of punuiug the national policy of expansion. The powerful military group has been •"***«"• to take advantage of Russia'* perilous position and strike •t Siberia. More cautious advisers nave feared that such a more might bring war with America, The fall of the cabinet undoubtedly means that at last the issue is to be faced •quarery~-*hall Japan cast caution to the winds and hit at Russia while the botchevisu are battling'for their live* on the western front? Should Tokyo decide to issue such a challenge, there can be no doubt that possibiliUe* of American involvement hi the war would be greatly increased. The Japanese have for week* been rf the neat A* the Oemma lo has Japa- to profit by the situation incnwaed. Tne present peril of HOBOOW to pulling them hard. Oould Runri* stand a war on two front*? That get* u* into the realm of pretty vague speculation, because muclTlKNUa 1 "dependon external dretnnstances—the attitude of Uncle 8am. for example. However, it can be aaid that if the boisbevists are able to pan their fighting lines back and establish a firm front for the winter, then they should be able to cauee any Japanese invasion plenty of trouble, lkiaiat«i Amy It mustat be- overlooked that Siberia to organtoad as a unit in the matter of defenac and defensive production. Alas the reds have large ^•—I'nf army in the Par East they have withdrawn it for "while they may have brought back some force*. it isnX likely that they have stripped Siberia, in view of the JApaneu Ofy> of Russia's m"* n dlfficultJoa would be the matter of war production, since she ha* lost much of her to' the G duplicate* most of the Ruaua pa*develop- 90 |.uat eay that by mten- nlm development* t*^ Asiatic Indus- trie* could be made to produce per hap* fifty per cent of requirements in a comparatively short time. Dur- of " of finding routea only add that the Ruatian would be bad \ iniioemnir be fatal. Milk Prices in St Up 52c Htmfodweignt ST. LOUIS — <AP>— September milk priao* in St. Louie it oanu a nundredwcight tntanbir. tMt. Martor Pied L. Shipley The -weighted average was S3 44 a hundredweight, the highest cince 107. for deliveries of itaining J5 per oenLfautter- fat. w The weighted average price is baaad on a combined price for class one and class two milk. Milk production in September pounds daily, an in- of ft.il per onit above pro- ductton in September, 1MO. Frost Reported General In Midwest Stoles CHICAGO — (AP) — Light to heavy frott* brought sign* of winter night. wo*!tier bureau reported the ground was whitened in Wisconsin. " northem Banato, nonh- ead actuated dis- tricu of Iowa. at A. Dawn* said Uai- PRINCE FUMIMARO KONOYE War Party Behind Konoye Resignation From Premiership Whether It Triumphs Will Be Indicated by New Cabinet Makeup By Glenn Babb f Associated Press Staff Writer) For the second time in three months a Japanese government headed by Prince Fumimaro Konoye has resigned, admitting that the world cataclysm presented problems with wblch it could not deal. Indications are that intensified criaea in Japan"* relations with the United Btatni and Runua led to the cabinet's fall. The military and ultra-patriotic extremist* have been clamoring for an end to attempt to conciliate the United States and demanding that the empire be ready to strike at Russia or continue its expansion aouthmats: Unto Konoye's successor is named it will not be clear whether the war party ha* triumphed. Konoye's resignation may mean the surrender of the element* that have wanted at all cost* to avoid war with America, The crisis may end with Konoye heading his fourth cabinet or with a general or an admiral in bis place, —War Pailj Ready All Japan'* leader* know they are confronted with the danger—a catastrophe for Japan—of war with the United State* and Britain if Japan attack* Ruatia while Hitler is knock- Intf at MOMOWV gate* or if Japan attempt* further expansion to the south. America and Britain are deeply committed to help Russia, Even the militarist* probably realise that a Siberian adventure would entail the danger of simultaneous conflict with four great power*. America. Britain. Russia and China. But they differ from the moderatot in a readlneat to accept tJii* tremendous gamble. Just a week ago The Associated Preat received advice* that Japan was moving toward a crisis in her relations with the United State* which might wreck the Konoye government, puce her decttnie* still more completely in military band* and open a new.phase in her program of uonmteat. The On* part of already hat baa Relations with America And Russia Understood To Be Crux of Quarrel (By The Associated Press) The Japanese cabinet resigned today in disagreement over issues of empire as Japan stood apparently at the crossroads, weighing peace against a possible open break with the United States or war in Soviet Russia. Her choice seemed linked closely mith developments In the war of the west where half-ringed Moscow had come to its hour of peril with the mechanized assault forces of Japan's axis ally, Germany, reported only 62 miles from the Soviet capital—their onrush still unstemmed. Authoritative sources in British and Russian-guarded Iran said the Soviet government and foreign dip* lomaUc missions had completed arrangements to move 450 miles east of Moscow to the crowded provincial city of Kazan if Moscow could not b» saved. The Japanese embassy already had quit Moscow for an undisclosed destination, reportedly at the advice of the Russian government. The resignation of Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye's cabinet came out of a welter of high government conferences just three months after his previous government fell. The exact issues of their disagree* ment were not disclosed immediately but it was known that the ministers were not In accord on the empire's relations with the United States or its course toward Ruaata, Konoye and some other were reported reliably to be to the hope of diplomatic Mttle- ment of differences between the United States and Japan. The successes of German arms to European Russia are understood to have played a prominent part hi the Japanese government dtacinrinn*. The German high command pk> tured the entire Russian defence line a* reeling from the fury of two week* of intensified assault with dive bomber*, tanks and maieea of Infantry. It declared that Kalinin, t6 mitos northwest of Moscow, and Kaluga, 90 mile* southwest of the capital. were in German hand*. Theae apparently were th* flanking forward of the ami circle of " ---- Tbe frank admieatan by the Boa. slans that their capital wa* to peril was sharpened by an announoement that they already have begun moving women, children, and old •MB. from the city. . ________ _ The disclosure that the Ruatltut line* had cracked wa* made m a belated communique thi* morning. It announced that the red army* position in the weat had " ated.- —^ The mid-day communique aaid the Soviet* were fighting along the whole front and that the action particularly intense, weat of Failure to reach an accord with the- United State* and growing tary pressure for action in the < arising from German '* and Italy her neutrality pact with Russia. The government, it was indicated, wanted to regain freedom of diplomatic action, chiefly for one mom effort to reach an accord with the United States. Seven week* <agb Konoye sent- • pyr^nni igMMage, rtiH unpuhllihad. to PresidWi Rooatvelt. The Japanese contaend this a gesture of mTtriiiatinfi^ tf"** the placed greaJT hope* in It. Littk) >nco»r>gomfn» was given these hope* in Washington, where American leader* have made it clear that the difference* in the policies of the United State*, committed to a great effort to crush the axis, and Japan, a mrmfrfr of that alHanrf. were too ynvrttir^'U 1 to be wiped out by well mrantig word* and gestures. "ttKpkvatory talk* were carried on by Secretary Hull and Am- Nonura. but no prograw ha* bean announcoiL. Hence hop** of the Japanete moderate* have been dying and the ag- gresiivc element* have become louder in tiwfr fi*nv*' for an itut to con- 30 and 33 degree* above *ero. but that at L*nd o 1 Lakes. Wis.. the reading was M, Temperature* were expected to bf about the «MM tomorrow. Russia were atrongiy m«- catod a* major factor* in the of the Japanese cabinet Premier Prince Fumimaro pmented en bloc the natei the cabinet, hi* third, to Hirobito amid Jncreaatng j tattoo for an end to effort* to dilate the United State*. The outgoing cabinet wai July II. Japan to atUl negotiating with the United State* in an attempt to maintain peace in the Pacific, Major General Kiyotoml quoted today by Darnel, news agency, but the Jap* . pte should be fully prepared forth* wont tn case the talk* fall Okamoto, chief of the tlon of too army to the cumat lanan to determined to puraue her reeotuto poncy of bringing the China.Incident to a, full (By The for CBokagA and vicinity: tag urday: Partly dowdy and coaL In- beginning we*t IAIN night; warmer tonight somewhat cooler Friday. Iowa: wanner tonight, followed by Friday beginning in south and eaa- tral portion* tonight; cooler Friday. 11 p. us.

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