Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa on September 26, 1935 · Page 2
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Lenox Time Table from Lenox, Iowa · Page 2

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Thursday, September 26, 1935
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LENOX TIME TABLE, LENOX, IOWA Pickard 0 Witasr* Xotapaptr Unton Benito Mussolini Crisis Is Near in Geneva Over Italy's Adventure M ATTEKS in Geneva wore rap- Idly approaching a crisis—a crisis for Italy nnd Ethiopia, for European peace and for the League of Nations Itself. The Italian cabinet, in which Mussolini holds eight portfolios, announced in Rome that Italy would accept no compromise and would not retreat from the course It has laid out In East Africa; that its military preparations were being Intensified, and that Its forces were adequate "to respond to any menace whatever." Still more Important, In the light of developments, was the cabinet's announcement of strengthening Us military forces in Libya, where General Balbo has been establishing a strong line of air depots. This colony borders Egypt on the west, and there was Immediately a lot of speculation ns to whether Mussolini planned to attack the British empire In that region. Italian forces In Libya have received reinforcements of 40,000 men with tanks and field artillery, and are much stronger than the British forces In Egypt. If economic sanctions were Imposed on Italy, Mussolini might well reply by threatening Great Britain In that quarter, by invasion and by arousing the native population to revolt. Premier Laval's speech before the League of Jsations was exceedingly clever but did not clear the situation sufficiently. While he gave assurance that France would abide by the league covenant and fulfill Its obligations, he hinted that his government would demand in return that Britain enter a definite engagement to carry out the program agreed upon in London on February 3—an air Locarno with automatic enforcement and the conclusion of Danublan and Baltic security pacts. One after another) the nations represented in the league announced their support of the British stand against Italy. If the British do not back down—and that seems unlikely—and if Italy persists In Its adventure, the league will be called on to apply article 15 of the covenant. This requires the submission of any dispute, likely to lead to a rupture, to the council which must then try to effect a settlement. The council also will adopt as its own the report of the committee of five, which has failed to find a solution acceptable to Italy. The parties to the dispute are obligated to keep the peace for three months In any event, which would prevent an Italian campaign before the rains set In again In Ethiopia. If In the next three months either side accepts the council's decision, the other party Is automatically outlawed If It starts a war at any time in the future. In that case, the penalties against an aggressor ns provided In article 10 must take effect automatically. It Is believed in Geneva that the penalty easiest to apply would be a general boycott of all trade with Italy, in that case the course, followed by the United States would be all important. The European statesmen feel confident that they can count on President ^dosevelt, once a war breaks out, to Interpret cotton, wheat, and other raw materials as war material and under the American neutrality legislation forbid direct shipment to Italy and Ethiopia. Germany. This citizen must be of German or fcindred blood and show that he Is willing to serve the German people. Thus Jews nnd Germans of whom the Nazis disapprove may be excluded. Hitler also put through a third law establishing the Nazi Swastika as the national and trade flag of Germany. The war ministry was Instructed to adopt a war flag of black, white and red. In his address to the relchstag Hitler said that by the laws adopted he hoped to deliver a fatal blow to Communism an'd Jewry. He also discussed the Memel question and warned Lithuania that Justice must be done to Germans In Memel "before events take form that one day may be only regretted." Mr. Davis Tells President of Conditions in Europe p^TORMAN H. DAVIS, American ^ "ambassador at large," called on President Roosevelt at Hyde Park and gave him a clear picture of the situation In Europe. After leaving the conference, Mr. Davis said to reporters that war in Eu rope Is extremely probable but he sees no reason why the United States should become Involved. There had been hopes, Mr. Davis said, for a conference on naval disarmament this fall. But the Italo- Ethiopian dispute has removed any such possibility. Smetona Says Lithuania Will Fight for Memel pHANCELLOR HITLER'S re- vJ marks about Memel arouse'd President Antonas Smetona to putting out the first interview he has granted in six years. In It he declared that LIthu anla, relying to th utmost on the 1 gality and justi of her stand In M mel affairs, is read at any time to d fend her posltio before the perma nent court of inte national justice. But should an e fort be made to dl regard legality and justice In favo of force, Lithuania is prepare stated President Smetona, to "de fend Memel with all the means her command." He regards as Lithuania's chle problem in Memel today the actlo of Germany in practically stop ping all imports from Lithuani with "resultant economic pressure and what he terms the "relentles Influence of foreign propaganda." Continuing, President Smeton said: "Memel Is to us an economi necessity, not a political issue. W are too small a nation to engage In political bargaining, as we are toe small a country to engage In con tra-propaganda. Our only point is the Memel, containing Lithuania's only seaport, Is an essential par of Lithuania. And the freedom anc preservation of Lithuania is to her people a precious thing." Soft Coal Strike Averted for Another Week CTRIKES that would have closed ^ down a large part of the country's soft coal Industry were averted for a time at least by the vigorous action of President Roosevelt and Assistant Secretary of Labor Edward F. McGrady, the Labor department's best conciliator. The controversy between the miners and (Kentucky Operators Fight Guffey Coal Act T EGAL attack on the Guffe.v I •*-' soft coal act has been opened by 16 coal companies operating In Harlan county, Kentucky, In Federal court at Louisville. They brought suit for Injunction against Its en forcement, charging that It violates the federal Constitution In these! ways: 1. It violates the fifth amendment, which forbids taking proper-1 ty without due process of law. 2. It violates the tenth amendment, which reserves to the states, or to the. people, all rights not granted the federal government or forbidden the states. 3. It attempts to delegate legislative power. 4. The section levying a 15 per cent tax on all coal production, with a 90 per cent refund to producers submitted to the code provided by the act, Is "an unconstitutional attempt on the part of congress, under the guise of taxation, to punish those producers of bituminous coal who are unwilling to surrender their constitutional rights." 5. Congress has no jurisdiction over and no power to legislate upon certain matters covered by the act Washington .' Digest g K. I . • IT- I . i '-A By WILLIAM BRUCKART ^ NATIONAL PRESS BIDG WASHINGTON D C '6 Washington.—When President I to soften the antagonistic feeling Roosevelt entered the White House or the code. The companies Check on Spending ed was accounting offices. Carl, comptroller declared they would refuse to submit to the act and the code It authorizes. Former Federal Judge Charles I. Dawson filed the action as counsel for the plaintiffs. Judge Dawson recently left the bench to re-enter private law practice after declaring unconstitutional the NRA, the slum clearance condemnation proceedings, the taxes imposed by the Kerr- Smith tobacco act, nnd other New* Deal measures. Remnants of Grand Army Parade in Grand Rapids W B , » » and " to war on foot, we're Joining the pa- President Smetona New German Laws Bear Down on the Jews OIX hundred members of the Ger*-> man relchstag, nil fervent Nazis met in special session in Nuremberg and at the demand of Heidi* fuehrer Hitler passed two laws bearing down hard on the Jews in the reich. The first of these new statutes prescribes prison sentences as pen allies for mar rlages between Jews and citizens of German kindred blood, and declares such marriages void Adolf Hitler If performed in a foreign country, relations between operators has been going on for eight months and many negotiations have been attempted. In a meeting with the President and McGrady at Hyde Park the United Mine Workers agreed to permit existing wage pacts to continue in force, seven more days, thus averting the walkout that would have started September 1C. Negotiations toward a new wage contract were then started, with McGrady representing President Roosevelt. Secretary Hull's Reply on Brodsky Protest rade the same way," declared about 150 of the grizzled veterans who attended the annual encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic in Grand Rapids, Mich. So these stur'dy old men marched in the big parade, while the rest, numbering some 250, rode in automobiles. Here were all that remained of the hundreds of thousands who answered the call to the colors in Civil war days, save for a few who were kept at home by extreme age and illness. Some of the states had no representatives In the line, but their flags were carried nevertheless. From other states there were but one or two. It was a pathetic but inspiring procession, watched by thousands whose eyes were dimmed by tear ; s and escorted by Sons of Veterans, American Legionnaires and Veterans of the Spanish War. Oley Nelson, ninety-one, of Slater, Iowa, was elected commander-in-chief, to succeed Albert E. S'tacey of Elbridge, N. Y. President Settles Warm Hopkins-Ickes Dispute nUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRA- 1 TOR ICKES and Work Progress Administrator Hopkins got Into such n quarrel over the spending of the $4,000,000,- March 4, 1933, every dollar of federal money that was expend- accounted for and the vouchers reviewed by the general ,T. Raymond Mc- general of the United States, occupied and still occupies an independent position in the accountings he directed nnd the reviews that were made under the budget and accounting law. But with the arrival of the New Deal and the crisis in government and the nation arising from the depression, scores of new laws were enacted, new agencies of government were created and billions of dollars were appropriated, the bulk of it being spent without reference, to the accounting act or the bureau of the budget. Congress, under White House direction, did not make these new agencies or' their spending accountable to the comptroller general. It was almost two years before President Roosevelt saw fit to amke any of the emergency agencies, the alphabetical soup, amenable to the general accounting oflice. Consequently, millions upon millions of dollars were spent and only the spending agencies knew whether they were spent in accordance with law. Now, however, things have changed. Late last winter, the President .began extending the that people have for any public official who wastes money whether the motives be proper or Improper. From this point, one may look into the crystal of the 1930 campaign and It takes no stretch of the imagination to visualize what a pounding the New Deal opposition will give the Roosevelt administration on this question of spending, When Air. Roosevelt began spending, be declared it was justified because hundreds of thousands of citizens were starving. His next pronouncement on this subject by way of explaining continued expenditure was that If the government spent freely, it would serve as a priming of the economic pump; that the circulation of federal money would allow Industry to sell and that industry would replace by manufacture the things sold. That, too, brought little or no result. Then we entered the current stage where the spending was to be closely supervised and only projects that held BRISBANE THIS WEEK Huey Long Is Dead Power in Personality A Ship of Horror Bathtub Danger Huey Long Is dead at forty-two years of age. The world says: "How young, how pitiful, to die without full opportunity I" Everything is comparative, Alexander the Great, who died at thirty-two, was ruler of half the world at twenty-five; Keats died at Arthur Brlabnne twenty-six; Shelley at thirty. Today, men do actually developing and retail selling 000 fund President that had the to call them to Hyde Park, together with the third and neutral member of the triumvirate — Frank G. Walker, the director of the national emergency council and admin- Harry Hopkins !? trator of applica- Others called to vorks-relief parley Extra-marital Jeu-s and Aryans also are punishable by prison sentences. Jews are forbidden to employ women under forty-five years in their households after January 1. on penalty of Imprisonment. Jews are not al- lowi'd to hoist the national flag being limited to the Zionist blue and white emblem. The second law provides that only a person. who "belongs to the protective association of the German empire and is especially obligated to the reich" may be a citizen of annoyance in Germany over the remarks of Magistrate Brodsky of New York who called the Hitler regime "a throwback to babrbarism" probably was allayed by the note from Secretary of State Hull. This explained that the federal government had no control over the trate, but Mr. Hull in it magls gave a sound verbal spanking to Brodsky for "indulging in expressions offensive to another government with which we have official relations." Communists Are Barred by Commercial Telegraphers 'TpHB Commercial Telegraphers' ••• Union of North America, at its annual convention In Chicago, voted to bar Communists from membership. International President Prank B. Powers of Chicago and Secretary-Treasurer W. L. Allen of Winnipeg were re-elected. the Important Included Danel Bell, director of the budget; Uharles West, under-secretary of In- erlor; Corrlngton Gill, assistant f Hopkins; Fred Ironsides, admin- strative assistant of Walker; and ^ol. Horatio Hackett, chief of hous- ng In the public works admlnlstra- on. Mr, Roosevelt was determined to ave peace, and told those present hat the prime necessity at this me is to make jobs quickly, al- ays keeping i n mind the idea of urning workers back to private In- ustry as business warrants. This ioked like a victory for Hopkins, bo favors quick jobs, over Ickes, Campion of permanent public works. The President has declared that he hopes 3,500,000 persons can be removed from the relief rolls and put to work by the first of Novem ber. President Roosevelt's Warm Tribute to Trees DRESIDENT ROOSEVELT mo* tored up Into the heart of the Adlrondacks to witness the dedication of the White Face mountain highway, an engineering feat started when he was governor of New York. He also attended a celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of conservation of forest lands In the state. broad wings of the general accounting office over emergency agencies and has continued to do so until, only the other day, the last of these were made responsible to the comptroller general. Thus an independent governmental unit—one with no axes to grind—again Is in a position to say whether federal money Is being spent as congress directed and in a manner which the taxpayers have the right to demand. This spending of money In gigantic amounts always breeds suspicion. It causes people to inquire, whatever the form of government may be or whatever political party may,be In control, whether there is waste "or graft, whether the then office holders are feathering their own nests, and many another question of the like. It was true In the case of the New Deal. Observers here In Washington constantly were receiving Information alleging that this individual or that had been displaying signs of unusual prosperity; that rumors were afloat concerning graft and crookedness In one agency or another and that "somebody ought to expose" the goings-on with respect to a named department of government. It was not an unusual circumstance because in every administration we here In Washington who attempt to see and to hear as much ns we can, get the same kind of reaction. Only, It seemed to have been worse this time and well It may have been because the amount of money made available to President Roosevelt nnd subordinates was so much larger. It Is my belief, however, that there has not been more of this intangible thing called graft In government in the present administration thiin In most others. There has been some crookedness because there have been court convictions of some olliclals but I expect when nnd if the future lays bare all facts concerning the present administration ami its handling of the vast sums of money available to It, it will be disclosed that most of 'the New Deal olliclals havu been honest promise of manufacture would be approved and financed by federal money. It Is regrettable but it Is a fact that almost nothing has come of this program. And to make matters worse, lately, Secretary Ickes, public works administrator,, and Relief Administrator Harry Hopkins have locked horns on the bulk of the projects on which federal money was to be used. It is not strange that these two men should differ. Mr. Hopkins, being a trained, a professional, welfare worker, sees things only from the standpoint of the individual who needs food. Mr. Ickes has a conception of federal spending that embraces the use of money In ways designed to start the great industries In motion. He figures that If these Industries get going, they will employ workers; the workers will spend their wages and the retailers will profit thereby and, as the retailers sell from their shelves, they seek replacements from the manufacturers. The controversy between Mr. Hopkins and Mr. Ickes, therefore, is not one to be settled by compromise or by soft words. In, fact, It may never be settled until one or the other gets out of his place In the government. * .* * Tho importance of the Ickos-Hop- klns row to the reader of this column, however, lies largely In the fact' that the particular reader Is a' The connection Is sim- the last congress appro- Break for Taxpayers not develop as rapidly as in old days, when Napoleon thought of suicide because he had done nothing at an age that found Alexander ruler of the world. The death of Huey Long, regretted throughout a nation that loathes cowardly assassination, is Important not alone because of Senator Long's powerful personality, but also because of its possible effect on the national election of 1930. Senator Long is gone; his power ceases, as though he had never lived. Others will pick up the reins of power, in New Orleans and Louisiana; another will take his place In the senate. Efforts, futile, will be made to find "another Huey Long." There is nothing left but the memory of a powerful man, again emphasizing Goethe's definition of "personality," "as the highest good fortune of earth's children." France discourages crime, and really discourages it. The dreaded prison ship, La Martiniere, is on her way to the criminal colony In French Guiana with 773 convicts locked in eight strong iron cages In the hold, with iron bars, cement floors, wooden benches, hammocks, and overhead a criss-cross of pipes that would fill the cages with deadly live steam if mutiny broke out. No parole board sits in French Guiana. Each man ordered to the ship receives a new suit of clothes, a blanket, an extra pair of wooden shoes. That, with perhaps a few books and packages of chocolate from relatives, constitutes his wealth as, wrists chained, the convicts march, single file, gangplank, between rows onets. Ex Perts Set® I QUAKER OA i DIONNE FOR I •With the world of food science to guide them, the experts in charge of the ptecious Quintuplets select Quaker Oats for their cereal, even before their first birthday! Its Vitamin B for keeping fit does children such a world of good. lc wortt off Quaker Qattj equall 3cakesolFr«llri| Quaker and Mother^ Oats art fa i» Maybe a Turnover Don't judge the cigars , smokes by those he gives a up the of bay- taxpayer, ply this: government expenditures, fore, If all of this money Criticize To a crowd of about 1,000 persons the President said: "I hope that the next session of congress will pass legislation extending credit to owners of forest land. There Is no reason why either government or private Industry should not consider trees just as much an asset as bouses or barns. Trees are great assets of nature that God has given us." In their disbursement of funds. * * * If Air. Itoosuvelt has been able to keep down straight-out crookedness, he Is to be commended. It Spending will remove from the forthcoming campaign some of the mud slinging that really has no place In national politics. But, while the President is entitled to commendation for the attempts at honest disbursement of funds, I hear more nnd more criticism of the way the money has been spent. Indeed, It appears now that the vast expenditures by the administration are likely to he ns much of a campaign issue as Is his proposal to alter the Constitution to fit New Deal plans. Every one knows that when an Individual's pocketbook Is touched he rises In revolt. By the time the next election comes around Individuals will have had their pocketbooks touched rather forcibly by national and state and local taxes of an Increased amount. Thus, It is easy to see how the criticism of Roosevelt's spending is growing and can continue to grow. The government has been pushed ten or twelve billion more In debt and the end is not in sight, despite the fact that Mr Eoosevelt has intimated on several occasions lately that he proposes to curtail federal expenditures except for emergency purposes. Those announcements and any future declarations he may make are not going prlated $4,880,000,000 for use by the administration In public works and relief. If all of that sum were spent the public debt would be Increased by that amount because Internal revenue taxes are Insufficient to offset more than the ordinary There. Is not spent, nnd it cannot be spent if the Ickes-Hopklns dispute continues to hold back administration plans, then the taxpayers will have just that much less of n government debt to meet through this payment of their taxes. So the President's order placing all administrative agencies under the general accounting office to see that their spending Is honestly done and the developments within the administration over a difference In policy must be taken together as a break for the taxpayer. * • '* Agriculture adjustment admlnls trntlon officials are about ready to They go to prison, prison. to stay in Potato Control of potato Present to the farmers of this country a detailed Plan for control Production. It will pro- v demeans for boosting the Incomes of the potato farmers something more than 100 per cent, and will In crease the cost of this item of food proportionate Conferences to consumers by amount, of coiirse soon will be held between The'7X1 and representatives of farmers' organizations to work out phases of the plan requiring farmer approval Various thoughts arise If one re fleets upon potato control. First control of potato production marks bou^M 7" 1 agrlcultu ™' crop brought under regimentation and it K"'"^ r ^? ly ' the toughest of of enforc- Potato control It is a hard system, but being murdered on the American plan is also a hard system. Within a fe\v days two women, one past sixty, the other seventy years old, have been found dead in their bathtubs, apparently drowned. The slippery surface of a porcelain tub is dangerous for. older persons. They should observe the greatest care; a slip, the head striking the edge of the tub, can easily cause unconsciousness, followed by drowning. Itubber- factories shoufd make and extensively advertise rubber mats for the bottom of bathtubs, with a suction arrangement to prevent slipping. • While the League of Nations talks peace and arbitration Mussolini recalls his consuls from various places In Ethiopia, reminding you of the clergyman who had a call to a large city. His little daughter said, Papa Is in his library, praying for light, and mamma Is upstairs pack- BAKING POWDER Manufactured by baking powder Specialists who make nothing but baling powder — under supervision of expert chemists. ALWAYS Same price today as 45 years ago 35 cancel for 2$0 FULL PACK NO SLACK FILLING MILLIONS Of.'.POUNDS HAVE «!»• USID 'BY"'.OUR -G'OVERNMENl Mr Max Baer, of the Jewish race, will fight on September 24 Mr Joe Louis qf the African negro race, nnd already §300,000 worth of tickets have been sold. The price for a good seat Is $25. Breaking cracked up So Bewar* stone Isn't to be. what Who ' eave n the Ing Its provisions. Adoption of the program represents attainment of a Point In the life of the AAA where one step has led to another nntH co control HOPS"' it "ops. It of potatoes wa ° f will be recalled that the e dec tared purpose of the AAA at he Ksx ern New«paper V exhibition, not long ago, when he permtted his "heavyweight championship of the world" to wriggle off of the hook, now promises to 'chase that boy (j oe Louis) out of the ring I n two rounds." - P»bHcly Mr. Joe Louis gives an imitation of "Br'er Rabbit," and says little. Maneuvers demonstrating French war power, as it stands today, convince European experts that France possesses "the strongest military machine In the world." She possesses, also, men willing to flght as shown at Verdun and elsewhere. The government, floating five hundred million dollars more of Interest-bearing notes, rejoices 'because tney are snapped up "in a day " Of course they x are "snapped up" q n - aer prevailing conditions. Men with money are as glad to hide it away in government notes and bonds aa men In a cyclone country are glad temporarily, to hide afyay J n cyclone cellars. ®. Kice Features Syndicate. Ine. WNU Servlc*. BATTERg for ail»»» of planto*| lowest p** Easy P«S- WIND ELECTRIC ' U«£ Wrlto tor Catalog* an «#•££

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