Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on May 31, 1936 · Page 22
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 22

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 31, 1936
Page 22
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f-A&TJtLf .JL VT \J • *r*4*»S, Ji A • * **"™™ ••• •'• ~ .... TttE PAMPA DAILt NEWS, Eatnpa, * FERTILE PLAINS KNOWN AS "BREAD SOIL IS STILL INTACT AND PRODUCTIVITY UNQUESTIONED "The plow Uiat broke tlic jfclalns" shortly after the turn of fthjs aentury brought forth a >ium- J.fcer of towns and created for t.liis •arei the title of "bread basket." Pamphlets printed a scare of years ago pointed to the day when Pampa would be known as "the $vheat city of the Plains." In the 26- year period from 1908 to 1932, acreage in wheat increased from 6,000 acres to 75,000 ncres. The Word "Pampa"—Spanish for plain -••became synonymous with "wheat." An even dozen times in the last 28 years, shipments of wheat from this community have been more than one million bushels in a season. The first year was 1915, when the yield was estimated at 1,250,060 bushels, according to statistics compiled by the First NatioTial bank at Pampa. This proud figure was attained again in 1919 when shipments set an all-time record of 1,900,000 bushels. The second best year of record was 1931, with shipments tdtaling 1,800,000 bushels. Pampa wheat shipping for the 28- year period mentioned follows in bushels: 1808 80,000 1.909 120,000 1.810 181,002 Mil 240,000 1S12 450,000 1913 200,000 1918 1! "9 1! ' 20 1,250,000 700,000 500,000 400,000 1,900.000 1,200,000 1.350,000 >*M 1.150,000 ! '° 24 1,250.000 1!)3S 750.000 1920 1.500,000 11)27 800.000 1928 1.250,000 lf)2n 1,750,000 ly: «> 1,500.000 1!) 3t 1,800,000 19:12 800,000 ]9;)3 * . 545MI 19; M "'1,022,700 m ~> * 80,749 "—Gray county production figures from records of the county atfent. With the exception of hniJ, the major factor in the production of wheat on the plains has been .predominantly concerned with the Timing and amount of rainfall. Fertility of. the deep-soiled plains is surprisingly uniform in the Pampa area, where the low productivity in the drought years reflects only the lack of moisture and prevalence of dust storms and absolutely fails to indicate anj fear that the "bread basket" will not stage a come-back when the weather cycle changes. Within the memory of thousands who have come to the plains since Pamp'a became a city of flowing gold as well as a city amid waving fields of golden grain, are the broad, "Where the Wheat Grows and the Oil Flows" SUNDAY MQfcNING, MAY 81, 193«. THIS COUNTRY This picture, taken near Pampa, is a typical harvest scene, in which pumping oil wells form a back- 750,000 high, and lengthy piles of wheat ground ror harvester combines which cut and thresh the wheat in one opera ticm. Of,t development has not materially reduced wheat acreage 011 tho plains. Battle of Buffalo Wallow In 1874 Required Highest Brand of Skill, Courage Oil Producer Amarillo, Texas BV OLIVE K. DIXON. There is no more thrilling frontier story than that of the Buffalo Wallow Indian battle which took place September 12, 1874, between the AVashita river and Gag-cby creek in what is now Hemphiil county, 22 miles southwest of Canadian, between two government scouts and four soldiers and 125 Kiowa and Comanche Indfcms. This Indian battle, though of less listorical significance, is of as great f not greater courage than that of Adobe Walls, about which so much has been said and written. On Open Prairie. In the battle of Adobe Walls there were 28 white men and one woman. They had the protection of thick pourefl upon the ground at Kingsmill, ,'Pampa, Laketon, and other nearjiy points—all because railroads could not furnish enough cars to ..remove the grain. Before derricks began to dot the wheat fields, the "combine" harvester, powcrod with gasoline motors ami pulled by Iractor.s, had replaced the earlier headers, barges, stacking, arid later threshing by steam outfits which had to be fed by hand. Today the broad fields are quickly plowed and planted—sometimes in a single operation, and as quickly is the groin cut, threshed, measured, and delivered to fast trucks which rush it to granary or elevators. Drought and dusters have taught wheat farmers the necessity of conserving- the moisture and preventing- water and wind erosion. Slimmer fallowing, listing, terracing and other steps point the way to a better future for wheat farming, just as crop control assures better prices for wheat produced undor .soil conserving conditions "The bread basket" is ready to regain its oldtime productivity when the Weather Man wills it, and to produce wheat more efficiently than ever before. o& walls. And there was plenty of immunJtion. The Buffalo Wallo-v mtUe which took place just 12 vceks later was fought out on the pen prairie and the six white men 1*0 took part had only their belts west and rain fell in blinding sheets drenching the men to the skin Water quickly gathered in the wallow, and the wounded men bent forward and drank from the muddy pool— more than mnrldv t.linfc umfn'v Nothing Left Undone When bereavement overturns the orderly course of living, it is a comfort to know that the moat harassing details that are necessary at such a time may be shifted to other shoulders, with complete confidence We make it a special point to care for everything-to leave nothing un- doue-to make the last tribute to a loved one complete-serene, calm and beautiful. full of cartridges. After the Adobe Walls battle June 27, 1874, U. S. troops, under General Nelson A, Miles, were ordered into the Panhandle of Texas. There was no such place as Fort Elliott at the time of which I write. Miles' command was in camp on McClellan creek. Ammunition and rations were running low. The supply train was three days overdue. Something must be clone. General Miles called two of his most trusted scouts, William Dixon and Amas Chapman, to ride with dispatches across country to Fort Suppy, Indian Territory, and notify the commanding officer that the train had not arrived. Dixon and Chapman wpre told they could have all the soldiers they thought necessary. Both being ex- uurienced frontiersmen and realis- ing the danger they had to face in •iding through the Indian country, •hey asked for only four, and Serg't A T. Wooclall, troop I; Private Peter Rath, troop A; Private John Har- •ington, troop H, and Private George W. Smith, troop M, Sixth cavalry vere detailed to accompany them. War parties were moving in every lirectlon and'they were in danger of attack at every turn. Traveled at Night. For most of the first two nights out of camp they traveled, resting in secluded places during' the day. On the second day, just as the sun was rising, as they were Hearing a divide between the Washita river | I . ...u*^ Villlii llltt^UJ, UHtlll \V WllUi was red with their own blood. The rain proved their salvation The wind soon shifted to the north and was chilling them to the bone. An Indian dislikes rain, especially a cold rain, and these Kiowa and Co- manches were no exception to the rule. They gathered in small groups out of rifle range, sitting there with their blankets drawn tightly around them. When night came, they withdrew. To' this' day it is not known why they decided to give up the siege. Wait For Help. and Gageby creek, riding to the top of a little knoll they found themselves face to face with 125 Kiowa and Comanche Indians, fully armed and on the warpath. The Indians saw ttiem at the same instant and, circling quickly, surrounded them. They were in a trap. Their horses were tired and they knew they could not make a running fight. The only thing to do was to dismount and make a stand for their lives. George Smith was shot clown by the first volley. A bullet liit him in the breast, went through his left lung and came out beneath a shoulder blade. He fell flat on his It would make the story too long to tell how the wounded men waite'd until midnight of the second day after the battle before help came. As soon as General Miles got word of the condition of his men, he lost no time sending relief. All the woumk'd worn sent to Camp Supply, where they were givtn cartful treatment. Amos Chapman's leg was amputated below the knee. All the men recovered. Smith's body, wrapped in an army blanket, was placed in the buffalo wallow, where the six men had fought and suffered together and covered with dirt they had ridged up for protection from the Indians. General Miles cited the five heroes of the battle to the highest military authority for "indomitable courage, skill, and true heroism," and Congress voted each a medal of honor. General Miles said in his official] ^vJ Ambulance Service Day or Night CHARLIE DUENKEL FUNERAL HOME Came to Pampa in 1906 Eleven Years Experience as a Funeral Doctor 321 North Fro»t Phone 799 Pampa, Texas six horses he had been holding leaped away and disappeared among the yelling savages. Every man thought Smith was dead when he fell, but he survived until 11 o'clock that night. Saw Buffalo Wallow. The little party soon saw there was no chance to survive on the hillside where they were and decided to make a run for a mosquito flat several hundred yards distant, where one of the men had noticed a •depression in the ground commonly called a buffalo wallow. The wallow was about ten feet in diameter and its depth though slight, afforded some cover. By this time all the men were wounded and all but two disabled. However, all except Smith and Chapman were able to help themselves into the wallow. The two la-tter were carried there by their comrades. As each man reached the wallows, he drew his knife and began digging desperately to throw up an earthen breastwork. Luckily .the land was sandy and they made good headway, though constantly interrupted by the necessity of firing at the Indians as they dashed within range. All through that hot September day, the Indians circled around them or dashed past, yelling and cutting report of the battle: "The simple recital of their deeds and the mention of the odds against which they fought; how the wounded defended the dying and the dying aided the wounded by exposure to fresh wounds after the power of action was gone; these alone present a scene of cool courage, heroism, and self-sacrifice which duty, as well as inclination, prompts us to recognize, but cannot fitly honor." Today not one of the participants is alive. But their deeds are not forgotten and the site on which they made such a desperate stand is marked with a granite monument made possible by donations from almost every state in the Union. An acre of ground was deeded to the Panhandle-Plains Historical Society. The monument bears the names of the six men and the following: "Buffalo Wallow Battle Ground. Here on September 12, 1874, two scouts and four soldiers deefated 125 iKowa and Comanche Indians. "Stand silent! Heroes here have beet Who cleared the way for other menj The monument has an iron feq around it. BUYING POWEfc BIG INFLUENCE OF BUSINESS WASHINGTON, May 30.-One of the more heartening signs of the times is the decline in the number of bankruptcies among farmers. The newspaper-reading public has been aware that for a number of years farmers have been complaining of their state. Their depressibn began quite a while before the general depression in industry and trade set in with the 1929 collapse. Indeed economists say that a part of the general collapse was due to the fact that farmers had fallen upon lean days. With a quarter of the American population on the. farms, withdrawal of their purchasing power would naturally make a tremendous dent In the sales of manufacturing concerns and tradesmen. Any sales manager will tell you that the subtraction of one-fourth of his customers will come pretty close to causing him to shut up shop. For example, farmers buy one-quarter of all the gasoline sold in the United States. The city tourist who spins through the countryside may often think of himself and his fellow urbanites as almost the sole gasoline consumers. But the farmer often is using gasoline not only for his passenger car but for a truck or two and also to run various other farm machinery. So the farmer must be reckoned with as a gasoline consumer albng with the city man but look at the agricultural implement Industry, With the exception of suburbanites who occasionally buy (when they cannot borrow) rakes and hoes and the like, people who live in cities are not purchasers of agricultural implements. Few of them would know what a spiked-tooth harrow might be. So when the purchasing power of the farmer dwindled the agricultural implement Industry fell flat. It was among the worst depressed of all the depressed industries, with yearly deficits running into the millions. The same is true of the fertilizer companies and some of the chemical companies. The big mail order houses were the heavy sufferers in the merchandising line. So it must be recognized that the financial postion of everyone else. Everyone a direct bearing on the financial' postion o feevryone else. Everyone^ else , because when the big factories and store lost their farmer custo^i- ers they had to lay off their fortes and, in many cases, close down' completely. That meant unemployment of millions and when those millions had lost their purchasing power too, still more factories and\ stores were pushed to the wall. Credit Improves Position. Therefore, when the Bureau of Agricultural Economics is able to report that for the first time in several years there have been fewer bankruptcies among farmers, it is good news for everyone. The last report shows only 4,311 farmer bankruptcies. This compares with 4,716 for 1934 and with 5,947 for 1933. Last year bankruptcies of farmers accounted for 7.7 per cent of all the bankruptcies in the country. The previous year they amounted to 8 per cent of the total. Even the high figure of 8 per cent should give the American farmer a pretty good credit rating. If he represents 25 per cent of the Tean years, accounts fdr only 8 pi cent of all bankruptcies, hfs cred position should be regarded as rela lively sound. It should, perhaps b taken into consideration that othe businesses turn over faster than th farmers' business, but still the rati 01 25 per cent of the population t only 8 per cent of the bankhiptcie remains YmpVessiv'e. fror 'can the bVltertricnt in th position 'of .the farmer he accredits wholly, to the benefit payments ah the AAA 'contracts for not raisin' crops. The 'great bulk of this mone went to the wh'eat and corn farm ers of the Middle West aifti to th cotton faVmers of the South. Yn the greatest'relative declines in th number of farm bankruptcies bo curred In the Mew England state and in the East North Centra states, those around the Great Lakes Some government payments were re ceived in these regions but nothing to compare with the hundreds o millions distributed farther west il the Mississippi valley and in th> south. New England thrift—thu Great Lakes country being largely populated by people from New England—would seem to be, in sonic measure, accountable for the improvement. Most Individual Debts Small. Only 15 states—less than one- third of the total—showed Increases in the number of farm bankruptcies Illinois led all other states with 356 cases, with Iowa second with 332 cases. These were among the states which suffered so heavily from farm land speculation In better times. Heavy obligations were undertaken Co acquire more land and, when prices fell, these obligations could not be met. Also, these states have recently been severe sufferers from dust storms. It appears that the small farmer last year, the man who owed little, was responsible for the largest number of bankruptcy cases. Fai-triers whose debts ran only ,to ft maximum of $250 numbered 770. Many of these doubtless were tenant farmers or share croppers who had no capital background, not even ownership of land. In the same class probably belong the 251 cases where the debt did not exceed $500. There were 377 cases in which the debt ran to a maximum of $1,500, and it !s likely that lonte %f thesieV were land 'owners already ito overi burdened with land mortgages tha't they could not raise further funds •with which to meet their -commercial demands. There were 243 cftses lh which the debt ran up to $5,000 an# 116 cases in which the dejbt exceeded ,$5,000. Farmers capable of bbtaihln'g credit to such an exteh't must have b'efih large operators. It must be borne in mind that these figure's do lYqt relate to foreclosures oil laiVd but to bankruptcies tiUe to cbrtimercial debts which the debtors found .themselves able to pay. Another ititjieatlon of general im- CiWvem'eht Is thatlast year the number of bankrupt farmers whd could show iio assets whatever to* set against the clainls against them WalS" 2,558, while the previous year the number was 2,872. Here was a lessening of complete destiution. * Farrri prices how are better than ;hey have bfeeii in several years anil t Is to be expected that the current rear will see a TUl-ther Improvement n the finahcial situation of Ameri- - itth farmers. It is encouraging tb he country arid must be encourag- ng to them to know that farmers' mnkruptcies showed a greater de- jree of decline for last year thatt \ny other ei' merchants. V iAtivEsf, ofr CORPSES • . GLEANED IN SHANGHAI SHANGHAI (fi>) — Thirty thou- and corpses were found in the treets o'f Shanghai within the pr^st ear. They- were .yicitms of disefee, ac- Ident and exposure. Most of them fere babies, , .The high, cost of funerals in Jhina accounts, in part for the uge annual harvest of unwanted! ead. _ '') Every day, representatives of a, hanghai benevolent organization earch the streets for corpses. The o'dles are giveii ,a^ decent burial. TO' INVESTIGATE 'TUNES DALLAS, IVtay.SO.—To prevent th'e la'dvertant use of copyrighted music ithou't spepJal.permission tlfe $25,00,000 Texas Centennial exposition as established a department 16' vestigate every' compositiori usefl .. etween June G and November 20; ic dates of the exposition. nation's population and 1 yet, in his TO THE May t a memory of their ^ork ami lives always burn \, bright in the mine's of Panhandle people '^be4jjou >t |fl}sg^f the nobfe deeds of these Pioneer Men and Women Your Laundry & Dry Cleaners Pampa's Largest and Most Modern 309 E. Francis Phone 375 Pairfra \l all kinds of capers, and excitement of In the stress such an encounter, even a man who has not been hurt grows painfully thirsty and his tongue and lips are as dry as a whetstone. Theirs was the sourag* of despair. They knew what vould befall them if they were cap- ured alive and had seen too many wkecl and mangled bodies spread- agled and tortured with steel and ire to forget what their fate would je. So every man determined to ight to the end, not unmindful of he fact that every once in a while ihere was another dead or wounded, ndian. Sliowor is Welcome. About 3 p'cJocJ? In .ttse afternoon, a ttuttider ghower came up in the REVERSED MUSIC MANNHEIM, Germany White music notes printed on^ a black background have replaced feie traditional black notes on white \n the orchestra pit of the local civl? theater and opera house. I, An engineer charged with im- 1 proving the lighting for the orchestra found that the reflection of the music stand lights on the white pages often provoked quarrels between conductor and stage manager. The stage manager objected to the interference of orchestra pit lights with his efforts at darkening the stage. The conductor insisted his musicians could not play in the dark. By printing the notes in white on a non-glossy black paper, all quarrels were stopped. The Mannheim orchestra pit is almost dark. Lights fall upon the diminutive white notes only. The musicians say the white notes are restful to the eye. The stage manager can conjure up balmy nights for stage sweethearts without having the illusion destroyed by reflected lights from- the pit. HORSE MARINES During the Texas Revolution against Mexico in 1835, 20 mounted Texas Bangers gained the soubri-- quefc of "Horse Marines" by effect- YATES GATE AND SUPPLY COMPANY *>S »*f \ We have in stock all' kinds of used oilfield supplies. . . RepaMttg dbne on aHi sizes of gafe' valves; . .- A-lso handle 'Xjl makes of' standard 1 and' high pressure Gate 'Valves. Pampa, Texas 321 South' BallartT- - Plibiie - ing the capture of three ships loaded with supping for the Mexican avmy, • . ULEY Box 503 ""tjSneral Pipeline Contracting "V^ork And Supplies, • '\ LeFors, Texas

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