Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on May 31, 1936 · Page 20
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 20

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Sunday, May 31, 1936
Page 20
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SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 31, 1936. '"VMB&8S& " _ __ THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pftttipft, Te*as , ,. . PU»^" JW^H-HT, ™~* »*, —>*>• ^DUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEX AS IS SHARED BY PANHANDLE INTER MIES FUEL ON PLAINS MAY CHANGE NATURE OF AREA In a preliminary presentation of only the most important aspects of Texas Industry, Elmer H. Johnson, Industrial geographer of the. Bureau of Business Research of The University of Texas, brings to public notice many facts relating to the developed ahd undeveloped resources of the state-. It is Mr. Johnson's declared aim to stress certain fundamentals and to present a broad hut substantial perspective, which should be of importance in the establishment or expansion of certain Industries in the state in the near future. By ELMER H. JOHNSON, Industrial Geographer, Bureau of Business Research, University of Texas Economically, the American nation of today is overwhelmingly an industrial country. Modern industry and world-wide industrialization are based primarily upon the utilization o£ mineral resources, upon fuels and energy materials, upon chemical resources, and upon metals. Industrial regions, characterized primarily by the large use of these mineral resources, are economically not only the predominant regious of the world, but they are also the world's greatest markets. Today the essential occupation of the United States, agriculture, is dependent upon industrialization. And conversely, American industry depends upon agriculture for a very large share of its raw materials, and as well for a good share of its markets for industrial products. During the period of the middle 1920 - s to the 12 billion and 13 billion dollar's worth of raw materials that entered the United States factories in the course of a year not counting duplicated materials, United States farms contributed from 40 to 50 per cent of the total, while United States mines contributed only about 20 per cent. Imported items (raw materials or partly-finished goods) contributed about 25 per cent and the remainder of factory materials Last of Comanche Chiefs Honored 1'oupBy, 70-year-old widuw of Quanali Parker, last reigning chief of the Comanchcs, is shown above ns she laid Texas Centennial roses on his grave in the Comanchc rcscr- lion near Lawton, Okla. With her are Lieut. Gov. Walter Woudull, of Texas, left, and Major George B. Black, former Texas Hanger. Buried beside Quanah is his white mother, Cynthia Ann Parker, kidnaped as a baby and held prisoner by the Comanchcs for 30 years. The papoose ban in which she was carried away will be part of the Hungers' exhibit at the $25,000,000 Texas Centennial Exposition, which opens in Dallas June 6. was furnished by the forests, fisheries, and central electric stations supplying power. It is important to note the large proportion of raw materials used in the United States manufacturing industries which arc supplied from farms. In the manufacturing of agricultural raw materials, however, Texas ranks far down In the list. This, obviously, is a factor to be corrected if the benefits of a more balanced economy are to be made available to Texas. It is now recognized that the turn of the century marked among other things a very significant turning point in the structure and operations of the mechanism of economic life in the United States, and therefore, though prehaps to a less noticeable degree, a turning point in America's relations with the rest of the world. Although we must await the broader perspective of time and the further sequences of changes already well begun in order to appraise with a firm degree of assur- ance the significance of current economic developments, it now appears that events in the first part of the 1930's will mark a rather definite turning point in the economic 'development of Texas. As a matter of fact, significant changes have been in evidence in Texas since the turn of the century. Finding of large oil production in Texas when the Lucas gusher came in at Spindletop ir 1901 may be regarded as the inception of one of the most important in some ways perhaps the most important, economic event in the more recent history of the state. Oi at Spindletop marked the beginning of large mineral production in Texas, and Texas now stands sec ond only to Pennsylvania as the leading producer in value of min cral products in the United States The Panhandle field is one of th largest. Had oil never been found in Tex as, the state would have been abl to take, and hold, first place ir production of a number of majo gricultural commodities. Even with 11, however, and other forms of mineral production and Its large gricultural production, Texas still emains dominantly a raw material iroclucing state, and therefore, a ransporter ana exporter of raw mterials and importer of manu- actured goods. Oil refining has led. both relatively and absolutely in the growth of Texas manufacturing. And now, it is natural gas that of- ers today one of the greatest inducements to the migration into Texas of still other industries that vould extend the processing of Texas raw materials in the state. Two other factors, however have be,un to play leading parts in the trend toward industrial decentral- zaticn already well in evidence in he state. One of these factors is ,he location of Texas on the Gulf of Mexico, and, therefore, its access by ow-cost water transportation to the markets of the eastern seaboard and to the large commercial markets of the rest of the world. The other factors, too often neglected n considering the possibilities of Texas industry, is the already relatively large and growing buying jower of the Texas and southwestern market. With freight rates adjustments, it may be that certain Texas industries may look even to ,hc growing markets of the middle west. By and large, Texas industry occupies a fairly definite zone in the new industrial frontier of America. There are no basic economic reasons to prevent the further growth and expansion of Texas Industry. On the other hand, there exist many basic economic reasons for a substantial expansion of Texas industry, processing those raw materials the state has in such abundance, and selling the product in available markets. (There are, of course, many so-called non-economic factors that may be expected to exert considerable influence, in some cases, against the growth of Texas industry.) But, in checking the mile posts for the future direction of Texas industry, the most Important single group of factors appears to be the state's possession of relatively large reserves of mineral fuel resources, petroleum and natural gas. In addition to large reserves of these energy resources, attention needs to be given to the vast 'rserves of the various chemical raw materials in Texas and to the great potentialities of its agricultural capacity. Few, if any sections anywhere of- for in clearer cut fashion better illustrations of economic' progress than does Texas. To point out bases of further progress in Texas and to indicate some of the mile posts in further adjustments to funda- "Perfect Model" Found in Dallas Helen Ramsey, 16-year-old Dalllas high school girl, has been 'chosen by the sculptors of the $25,000,000 Texas Centennial Exposition, to pose as their model. The sculptors declared her torso the most nearly perfect they have found. Above, Lawrence Tcnncy Stevens, of Bedford Hills, N. Y., uses her for his "Confederacy," a huge statue which will overlook the 700-foot reflecting pool on the Esplanade of State when the Exposi tion opens in Dallas June 6. mental economic trends nve tasks of no 'small magnitude. Their importance, however, are such that not to consider these problems at all or to consider them of slight importance, is to register one's lack of interest in the future of Texas as well as one's lack of knowledge of things fundamentally important to all Texans. Rabbi to Speak At Commencement AUSTIN, May 30. (IP)— Rabbi Martin Zielonka of Temple Mount Sinai, El Paso, will deliver the baccalaureate address at the spring commencement of the University of Texas June 7. He will speak or "The Conflict." Commencement exercise.-; will bi held in the university stadium Juni 8. A native of Germany, Rabbi Zielonka came to the United States ii 1891 and was educated in the pub lie school of Cincinnati and grad uated from the University of Cin cinnati. His rabbinical career has beei exclusively in Texas. He was rabb of Temple Roclelph Sholom of Wac in 1899-1900 and has been at E Paso ince. Orchids growing outdoors in th Hawaiian islands live from 50 to 10 years. (Fit TO BE HELD IN BUILDINGS AT TEXAS GENTENNILIN FIVE NATIONAL EVENTS SCHEDULED AT DALLAS DALLAS, May 30.—The majority of the outstanding national livestock and poulty shows of America during 1936 will be staged in the lew million dollar Agricultural and Live Stock center ol the Texas Cen- ,ennial exposition. In the two great livestock bulking five shows of national Interest will be held during the progress of the Southwest's $25,000,000 World's fair. In the poultry building no less than 18 shows of national importance will be held. Livestock shows scheduled to date include; National Dairy show, Oct. 10 to 18; Texas Centennial Exposition Swine show, October 17 to 25; Texas Centennial Exposition Sheep and Goat show, October'20 to Nov. 6; Texas Centennial Exposition Horse show, October 31 to November 8; National Muie show, November 14 to November 20. The National Dairy show has never before been brought to the Southwest and wit hthe National Mule show ranks among the premier events of their kind internationally. Texas Hereford Cattle show; Texas 4-H, Clubs Livestock show and Texas Future Farmers'of America Livestock show are also scheduled. For poultry raisers during the Exposition the following shows are scheduled; National Turkey Egg and Turkey Poultry show, June 6 to 25; National Baby Chick and Egg show, June G to 25; Advertising Breeders show, June 26 to August 27; National Young Bird Pigeon show, August 28 to September 3; Wild Bird show, September 4 to September 10; 4-H. Club Poultry show, September 11 to September 17; Future Farmers of America Poultry show, September 18 to September 24; Young Bird Poultry .show, September 25 to October 1; National Bantam show, October 2 to October 8; American Breed show, October 16 to October 22; Mediterranean Breed show, October 9 to October 15; English and Asiatic 'Breed show, October '23 to October 29; United Orpington club of America show, October 23 to Octo- ber 29; Texas Cornish club show, October 23 to Oct. 29; All Turkey show, October 30 to November 5; to cough up 25 cents when he was Rabbit show, November 6 to November 13. In charge of livestock shows is Professor W. L. Stangel of Texas Technological college, while Walter Burton, nationally known poultry expert Is director of the Exposition's poultry division. The Texas Centennial exposition, commemorating a hundred years of Texas independence opens June 0 and closes November 29. -«. Boy Coughs Up Coin - But Fails To Please "Docs" M'ALLEN, May 30. W)—Dctors thought they were going to get a four-year-old Matamoros, Mex., lad to cough up 25cents when he was brought here after a coin became lodged in his throat. All they got was a Mexican two- cent piece. , Examination revealed the coin lodged in the canal leading from the mouth to the stomach and doctors said it appeared to be the slza of a quarter. The disc was removed without harm to the child other than a three-dayfast. SAVED BY CAN DAYTON, May 30. (/P)—A can of tobacco probably saved the life of Steven Owen here. While Owen was driving on Main street his automobile went into the ditch. The steeling wheel broke and the shaft penetrated almost throgh the tobacco can Owen was carrying in his shirt pocket. Cuts on the chin were his own injuries. Argentine Exports Gain BUENOS AIRES (IP)— Last year was Argentina's best for exports since 1929. The total was $440,000,000 compared with $410,000,000 ihr 1934. Grain and linseed accounted for the increase. THOS. Y. PICKETT & COMPANY Valuation and Accounting Engineers Kirby Building • • • Dallas, Texas Extend Congratulations to the Panhandle of Texas, and to the spirit which has made its development possible Advalorem Tax Service For Cities Counties and School Districts * *. Valuations and Appraisals of Oil and Gas Properties Public Utilities Railway Systems

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