Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 7, 1975 · Page 1
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 1

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Freeport, Illinois
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Monday, July 7, 1975
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Weather Outf6olc J F «! r Toplght; Sunny Tuesday * , . (Detail* on page 8) 128th Year, 16 pages " ~'" RNAL-STANDARD Freeport, Illinois, Monday, July 7, 1975 *uted Election WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate resumed today its lengthy debate of the contested New Hampshire election and Democratic Leader Mike Mans. field expressed little hope of a compromise to end the legislative impasse. Mansfield told reporters he knows of no-acceptable compromise short of clo-, ture to cut off debate on the election issue. The debate has delayed completion of a Rules Committee recount .in the disputed electron between Democrat John A. Durkin or Republican Louis C. Wyman. The next cloture vote was scheduled for Tuesday, but Mansfield refused to speculate whether Democrats have the -60 votes heeded to limit debate and •bring a final vote, on the pending business -a resolution dealing with 35 issues, including ^ballots, on which the Rules Committee was tied. --... Mansfield said he may institute a . ; "double track" system for Senate business, dealing with otther issues in the -morning and New Hampshire in the af- .ternoon. He said it depends on "how things go" this week. , Sen. James Allen, D-Ala., who has •voted against th^previous attempts to end the Republican .filibuster, said he thought the dispute boiled down to which will come first - cioture or a vote to call a new election. "I think el growing number (of senators) wants to see it returned, to New Hampshire and the question is whether that growing number will reach a majority before cloture is adopted," Allen said.- ... Four previous cioture votes have failed and Mansfield's "double track" plan would at least allow the Senate to deal with other business while the dispute continues. v . -.. Democrats want to vote on the issues andysend the ^problem back to committee for a recommendation on y/hich candidate should be declared a winner. BuVthe Republicans are holding out solidly, for a brand new election •to Ne.w Hampshire.— ' The House returns" to work Tuesday '.to consider transferririg control of the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve in »California from the Navy : to the Department of the Interior, paving the way for public access to th$ oil. Between votes on the New iHamp- shire issue; th'e Select /Seriate: Com- inlttee inve'stigating?y.S. Mtelligerice (|ygsn,cies mee,ts^j;ata^<^osed session assassination^ pifltsi jislfched bytliie CIA. u ; Among the; withje^ses is retired Maj. ^Qen. Edward Lansdale, who has denied as "distortidnV; a report that former Attorney detiet-ar Robert Kennedy ordered him in 1962 to-have the CIA wbrkMJut plans for "getting rid" of Cu- ban leader Fidel Castro; < -Others scheduled to testify, included fornierSecretary of State'Dean Rusk; retired Getj. Maxwell Taylor, 'and tycGeorge B ( undyi special assistant for security affairs for,, Residents John Kennedy am} Lyndon ^ofiiison, ;i ^While the jSenate investigation continues, the 'House Mies Committee will consider a resolution aimed at dis- sblvirig a similar CIA cbmrnittee which has been beset by differences among Democrats on the ^committee. The proposal would lead to creation of a new committ«$ v , , v ' ^Treasury Secretary"William Simon ' goes to, the :House Ways and Means Committee Tuesday to give his proposals for ta^c reform. ,, •:.; 4 Rezichihg the flobr this week are Department of Transportation proposals which, wu\set off debate on whether maximum truck weights allowed oh'irir terstate highways should be reduced and whether British-French supersonic passenger aircraft should be allowed to land in the United States. Surfer Bitten By Shark In Florida MELBOURNE, Fla. (UPI) - Bob Clark was only 50 feet from shore on his surfboard when i a six-foot shark ripped into his foot. ; The 16-year-old surfer pulled his foot loose -he is unsure whether the shark' . released him or the force of the surf saved him -and let the waves carry him to shore. He suffered nine severed tendons in his right foot. ' '*.;, Authorities said Clark was the first person attacked by a shark in Brevard County in 41 years. In 1934, an 11-year- old boy was killed by a shark at almost the same spot. 15 Cents Ford Offers Road Plan MAUNA LOA, LARGEST VOLCANO In the world, awakens from a quarter-century of slumber Sunday and sends streams, of molten lava down its 13,680-foot slopes. There was no immediate danger to inhabitants, but (he fiery spectacle could be seen virtually from all fringes of the biggest island of the Hawaiian chain.-UPI,Photo. *' WASHINGTON (UPI) - President Ford asked Congress today to give 25 per cent of federal gasoline tax revenues directly to the states and to put 50 per cent into the general treasury, splitting for the first time the Highway Trust Fund which built the Interstate system. The remaining 25 per cent of gas taxes -1 cent per gallon - would continue to flow into the trust fund, which would be redirected toward completion of major intercity links in the interstate system with states and cities given major responsibility for completing their sections. A White House statement said Ford's plan -which was expected to meet with great resistance in Congress -would give 1 cent of the federal government's 4-cent a gallon gasoline tax directly to any state that raises its own gas tax by at least 1 cent. Two cents would go into general revenues and only 1 cent into the Highway Trust Fund, which now gets all 4 cents of the federal tax on each gallon of gasoline. Ford urged Congress in a special Cripples Argentina BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (UPI) - A crippling nationwide strike gripped-Argentina -today, shutting 'down public transportation, * shutting businesses and'halting newspaper'pub- lication and radio broadcasts. Thousands of Argentine workers began walking off their jobs around the country at midnight Sunday in a dramatic showdown with President Maria Estela (Isabel) Peron, the first "such"'••' strike against a Peronist government Workers vented their rage in demonstrations, shouting obscene insults at Economy Minister Celestino Rodrigo, who announced the new austerity pro- gram that touched off the labor unrest, and Social Welfare Minister Jose Lopez Rega, the influential presidential adviser held responsible for Rodrigo's appointment. , . By dawn today, the 48-hour strike in this Argentine capital appeared totally effective. ; . Taxis, subways and buses ceased to run. Restaurants and businesses failed to, open. Newspapers did not publish and the radio remained silent. The General; Labor Confederation, Argentina's equivalent of the AFL- CIO, ordered the general strike in spite of the mass resignation Sunday night of all eight cabinet ministers. The ministers said the move would give Mrs. Peron a f-red'hand in dealing with the worst crisis in Argentina since the return to civilian government mtire than two years ago. i Labor Minister Cecilio Conditi and leaders of the General Confederation of Labor'met for several Jiours until the early morning, but again failed to reach a compromise. The austerity program, designed to 'revive Argentina's export trade and. put the economy on a realistic basis, first granted a round of price increases, then tried to enforce a hold- down on wage and salary hikes. An official communique said Sunday night the ministers and their undersecretaries presented their resignations to "facilitate the political and economic solutions...the president considers necessary." Mrs. Peron did not Immediately accept the resignations, however, and the cabinet members stayed on the job for the time being. / Commuter train > and bus service halted at midnight in Buenos Aires. The streets emptied rapidly except for private cars-and a few taxis heading for home. message to give his plan prompt and .favorable consideration, insisting that it "is the most responsible and effective means of meeting the nation's transportation needs;" As the nation approaches its bicentennial celebration, he said, "Wo must select with care the groat national ef- -torts we undertake, reflecting the responsibility we all have to preserve the integrity of our republic." "We must limit the federal role to national concerns, strengthen the authority and resources of state and local governments and protect the prerogatives of individuals," he said. Ford said his plan would refocus the fcdera,! attention of the interstate system and provide flexible aid for highway construction "in a manner that fully respects state and local decision- making roles." He said It was consistent with his general philosophy "that we should not at the federal level extend our influence into areas which other levels of government can better handle." The proposed federal highway act of 1975 aims at finishing the 42,500 mile interstate highway system, which is now 85 per cent completed, and allowing state and local governments more freedom in the ways they use federal highway aid. The plan also would put greater emphasis on Intercity routes of national importance, according to the White House statement. Currently, all of the gasoline tax revenue goes Into the Highway Trust Fund. Under the President's proposal, only 1 cent of the tax on each gallon would go into a Highway Trust Fund. Two cents would go into the general treasury funds and 1 cent to any state that hikes Its own gasoline tax by 1 or more cents a gallon. To help state and local governments, Ford wants the number of highway spending programs -now totally about 30 -cut to four general categories. l^f WS RW Jeckson Promise Among^ea&rsfnTfefficD^ Hf*aritiflQ /In 'fi-AQnlina PriV^o CHICAGO (UPI)-Traffic fatalities in Illinois for the Fourth of July weekend V>df It 'WO \*/l I WC7OL///f/C? f f/CrC7O numbered at least 25 and made Illinois roads some of the deadliest in the nation during the holiday. Nationally, the Fourth of July holiday death toll climbed toward the lower end of the National Safety Council's pre-holiday projection late Sunday as motorists hur- ned home from holiday weekend sojourns. : ...1 A count by United Press International showed 476 persons had died in traffic accidents. ~ . A breakdown of accidental deaths: Traffic 436, Drowning 138, Planes 8, Other J 46, Totals 628. Israelis Bombard Southern Lebanon TEL AVIV (UPI) - Israeli warplanes, gunboats and artillery bombarded southern Lebanon today, striking against Palestinian positions three days after a bloody guerrilla bombing in Jerusalem. > .'..••• The military command in Tel Aviv said Israeli air and sea forces raided two Palestinian guerrilla bases near the town of Tyre in southern Lebanon. It said Israeli artillery hit guerrilla targets along the frontier. A military spokesman in Beirut said the Israelis bombarded three Palestinian refugee camps around the ancient Roman town of Tyre during four hours of predawn raids. Kidnapers Vow To Kill U.S. Colonel , BEIRUT, Lebanon (UPI) - The left-wing kidnapers of an American army colonel have vowed to kill their hostage in 72 hours unless the U.S. and Lebanese governments bow to ransom demands.. The kidnapers, members of the Organization of Socialist Revolutionary Action, delivered the ultimatum Sunday night in a communique accompanied by pictures of Col. Ernest Morgan in captivity and tape recordings of his voice. ;';. \ ' The leftists demanded the distribution of free food to victims of recent religious warfare in Beirut, an immediate end to the search for Morgan and the broadcast .of the first two requests by the Voice of America. 50-Cent Piece Changes For Bicentennial WASHINGTON (UPI) - Beginning today, the 50-cent piece is no longer what it used to be. But this time inflation i.s not to blame. The Mint, on orders of Congress, is putting special bicentennial designs on coins. The first to be converted is the half dollar, with a picture of Independence Hall where the Declaration of Independence was signed -replacing the American Eagle. •*•'.' The Mint and the Federal Reserve Board have been coordinating a distribution of the 50-cent pieces in recent weeks so they could be available on the first banking day after the Independence Day holiday. FBI 'Burglaries' Come Under Fire WASHINGTON (UPI) - A House subcommittee chairman has demanded a Justice Department explanation of ^statement by a former official that FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover probably ordered some burglaries to gather, intelligence. Rep. Don Edwards,! D-Calif., a former FBI agent and chairman of the House judiciary subcommittee that oversees the agency, also called on Attorney General Edward Levy to disavow statements by outgoing Assistant FBI Director William Sullivan defending Hoover's policies. Sullivan, who resigned,Saturday after 27 years in the FBI, said Sunday he assumed that burglaries were approved by the director during Hoover's years as head of the agency. .WASHINGTON (UPI) - While holiday vacationers were paying 3 cents a gallon more for gasoline, two senators promised hearings within two weeks to find out,why gas producers hiked prices just in time to catch the summer travel rush. Sens. Henry Jackson, D-Wash., and Adlai Stevenson, D-I11., said Sunday "the public has a right to know and the Congress has a responsibility fo find out how this massive Fourth of July squeeze play on the consumer took place." Jackson is chairman of the Senate investigations subcommittee. Stevenson heads,an oil and gas production subcommittee. They said joint hearings would be held "within two weeks" on reasons behind the sudden jump at the pump. Ralph Nader charged that "the public is being misled by oil industry and Ford administration explanations of the summer vacation time increases in the-price of gasoline." He asked Jackson and Rep. Harley Staggers, D-W.Va., chairman of the House Commerce Committee, to investigate. The oil companies said Ford's recent imposition of another $1 import tax on foreign oil caused the price increases. But Nader said the-companies were taking advantage of the foreign hike to increase prices of domestic oil, and were not increasing domestic production. Jackson said, "Clearly, the oil companies have manufactured a shortage through manipulation of refinery out- put so they could raise retail gasoline prices as much as 7 cents a gallon during the season when vacationing Americans buy more gasoline." Stevenson and Jackson charged that when crude oil costs dropped this year because of plentiful supplies, refiners apparently cut back production to create an artificial shortage, justifying higher prices. "It appears the gasoline Inventory and pricing situation is a claslc study In the power of the major oil, companies to reverse the normal rules of supply and demand," Stevenson said. Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind., cited similar suspicions last week and announced the Senate antitrust and monopoly subcommittee would hold hearings this year into the possibility of "market manipulation" by major refiners. Israel Wants Clarifications .' ' On Egypt's Sinai Request TEL AVIV (UPI) - Israeli Ambassador Simcha Dinitz departed for Washington today with instructions from the cabinet to get additional clarifications from Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger on where Egypt wants* Israeli forces to withdraw in Sinai. In an apparent leak to its media, Israel said the basic problem the cabinet .faces in its decision on an .interim pact with Egypt is whether to enter into a "sharp confrontation" with the United States now or to postpone it for three years. The cabinet met in its usual Sunday session and decided to postpone for at least a week any decision on the next step in the negotiations for an interim settlement. The key decision on whether t6 give up the Mitla and Gidi passes is expected at next Sunday's • cabinet meeting; ' Dinitz told newsmen at Ben-Gurion International Airport Israel's reply to Egyptian proposals "will be given only after Israel has complete information. "We should not set for ourselves a zero hour or accept a zero hour from others,", he said. "Rather, there are subjects which are tied to the basis of our security and the defense system of Israel. There's no reason to work in a hurry." He said he would meet Kissinger shortly after his return to Washington. "Highly placed sources" told several newspaper correspondents that the U.S.-Israell confrontation exists because the United States does not accept Israel's insistence on making substantial changes in its pre!967 Middle East war frontiers. These sources said Israel and Egypt basically agree on the duration of the next accord and an Arab moderation in propaganda aimed at Israel. They said these issues would not cause Kissinger's mediation efforts to founder. "The clarifications in Egypt's posi- tion have not come to an end and they must continue," cabinet secretary Gershon Avner said. "Therefore, the matter is not ripe for a decision today." The Israeli national radio said the government decided to delay a decision until next Sunday's cabinet meeting at the soonest despite American pressure for a rapid response. The radio said Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger had been pushing for an Israeli decision before he meets Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko in Geneva this week. The United States has been pressuring Israel to make the necessary territorial concessions for a new military disengagement agreement with Egypt in the Sinai Desert. In an ABC television interview over the weekend, Kissinger linked the .degree of future American support for Israel with the outcome of the negotiations. et Tough Decision For Walker By ROBERT KIECKHEFER SPRINGFIELD, IU. (UP>) - (toe of the toughest decisions facing Gpy. Daniel Walker as a result of the legislature's spring session is whether to insist on his own method of cut- ing the state budget or to accept the alternative handed him jy the lawmakers. '; There are strong inducements forthe governor eventually to accept the legislature's course, and perhaps combine it With his own, .-;•• ; . J :By the governor's own testimony, the state faces an impending "fiscal crisis" which requires a cut of between $200* million and $300 million in general-funds appropriations. " 'But the legislature largely ignored Walker's last-minute request for an across-the-board 6 per cent budget cut which the governor said would achieve that saving. Instead, the House and Senate sent the governor a measure which, if he iigns it, will give him the authority to "impound" up to 8 per (A Hews Analysis) cent ,of each budget item. Walker originally rejected the impoundment idea out of hand, insisting on an actual cut in appropriations because' "reserves have a way', of toeing spent." So far, the governor has ac^ed in accordance with that philosophy, using his reduction veto tq insure that 6 per cent is trimmed from his original request in each general-funds budget item. • The betting now, though, is that Walker will do a 180-degree turn and sign the impoundment measure if he can find a way to do so without appearing totally foolish. The primary reason is school aid. If the governor cuts the school aid appropriation by reduc- tion veto, he also will be forced to cut each monthly payment -starting with this month's. That is so because the state schooj aid laws provide that one-twelfth of the total available amount shall be paid out each month. If the total is reduced, so is each of'the 12 payments. If, on the other hand, Walker signs the impoundment bill . and sets aside some of the school aid appropriation, he can continue to make monthly aid payments on the basis of the full $1.68 billion appropriation. The legislature specfically permitted that by writing into the impoundment bill a provision that any. impounded school aid funds will be deducted from the final payment only. Educators already are lobbying strenuously for an impoundment approach, rather than an outright reduction veto. While their voice, does not go unheard in the governor's office, other considerations may,ultimately be more important. One is the fact that a majority vote of each house of the leg- islature can restore funds cut by a reduction veto. Experience indicates it would be easy to round up a majority in each house during the October session to restore school aid funds. And that restoration would mean Walker would have to take the heat for reducing payments during the first months of the school year while ultimately having no impact on the budget and suffering an embarrassing defeat in the legislature. Another factor is the primary election -especially if Walker signs the bill which would advance it to the first Tuesday in May. If the governor impounds school aid funds, it is still possible he will be able to find enough money by next spring to release them again. If so, a dramatic announcement just prior to the primary would not hurt his image. If not, the failure won't be known until the primary is over. The same arguments apply to other, equally touchy appropriations such as those for the departments of Mental Health and Children and Family Services.

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