aix THE DAILY MAIL, HAGERSTOWN, MD. f TUtSDAY, AUGUST 1, 1939. J. A. HAWKEN Editor National Advertising Representatives: Kuipers & Mahoney, Inc. Atlanta, 1601 Bhodes-Haverty Build^^LP aUa ?;, , SO J Southwestern Life Building: Oklahoma City. 55S First .National Building-. Address all communications to The £f£j?\ 5J* 1 ! Editorial. Business or Circulation Department not to individuals. 8. E. PHILUPS.. .General Manager C. & P. Phone 104-105-106 Sam* numbers reach all departments Member Audit Bureau of Circulation ,.„ SUBSCRIPTION RATES (All Subscription Rates Payable in Advance) farms. Expenditure by the Federal government during the last year in tfcis program was $75,286,330, while the states spent $306,910.33 on the co-operative project. States distribute the trees at cost or less in order to encourage farm forestry. The states spent an additional $363.135.25 on outside projects which include free distribution of trees for'planting by community forests, 4-H Clubs, schools and similar organizations. DUMB, DRIVEN CATTLE In the management of affairs under authoritarian rule, the human element is given scant consideration. Men, women and children endowed with souls, hearts and minds, are reduced to the status of cogs in a machine. Their desires, Single Copy One Monti .... 55. , . One Year (by carrier) 6.00 I their hopes, their ambitions, their By Mail (tip to Fourth Zone).. 6.00 „ ,. Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Zones. S.50 affections, their sensibilities are Seventh and Eighth Zones 9:50 Entered at the postoffice at Ha- grerstown as 2nd class matter Dec. 12. 1898. MEMBER OF THE! ASSOCIATE!! PRESS Th« Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use of publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also local news published therein. All rights of publication of special dispatches hereii *re also reserved. A Good Scout The average Boy Scout Is always something more than an average boy. , He is a youngster who has been raised somewhat above the ordinary level of youth by the inculcation of certain id&als of life, by a spirit which is in many respects distinctive, by training in practical things and by physical fitness. A Boy Scout enjoys many advantages in the effort to develop into a good and useful citizen, also when he is compelled to deal wita conditions of crisis. It is doubtful if twelve-year- old Donn Fendler, of Rye, X. V., would have survived his eight days in tie Mount Katahdin wilderness if he had not been a Scout In all of this time he was without food or shelter or the comfort and encouragement of human companionship. He was lost and there was every basis for the fear that he was doomed to perish in the woods. A less self-reliant boy would have "yielded to panic and despair. But he drew upon the knowledge and experience gained as a Scout, kept his head, sought and found sufficient food to keep him, alive and going, followed certain elemental principles of woodcraft, and eventually, emaciated, scarred and nearly naked, reached a human habitation. His reappearance was something in the nature of a return from the dead. The search of the mountain by hundreds of woodsmen, National Guard troops and volunteers had been unavailing and even his parents had become resigned to the possibility that he would not be found alive. state since 1935, Clarke-McNary Law, The efforts of Maryland toward reforestation is to be commended. Nearly 250,000 forest trees have been distributed throughout the under the passed in 1924, which provides for allotment of Federal funds to states matching such appropriations for carrying on fire protection work in forests and for furnishing forest seedlings for planting on farms. Hagerstown is planning a program of reforestation on its Edgemont watershed under the supervision of the Soil Conservation Service over a period of years. According to C. F. Winslow, specialist in forestry for the University ot Maryland Extension Service, the seedlings planted in this state cover approximately 205 acres of land and those planted in 193S average 90 per cent survival. According to a recent report, farmers throughout the nation have more than doubled their tree planting activities since 1935. A total of 55,355,728 trees wore distributed last year which was more than double the 26,150,197 trees distributed four years ago. The young treeu are seedlings and transplants which farmers can plant at the rat of 500 to 1,000 per day. According to the law, the tree distribution I« made by the State forestry agencies, and the trees are itti only for forest plantings on nothing. They are har>v of greater moment than the ox that draws a plow through a field in the Rhine Valley or any other dumb creature that contributes in his humble way to the resources and the power of the State. Viewed through axis eyes, according!}*, there is nothing particularly drastic, illogical or cruel in the order that the 200,000 German Tyroleans who found themselves within the Italian boundaries in consequence of one of the adjustments of Versailles shall return to the Reich. To the men who govern the destinies of nations, these unhappy people are not men and women with, feelings, with home ties, with a deep and abiding love for iV the soil from which they and their father before them have sprung. They are nothing, more tha ncattle in a field, to be driven to another pasture at th© demand of expediency. But man, regardless of the axis viewpoint, is not a brute. Ultimately, his will and spirit will find expression. Accordingly, the transplanting of the Tyroleans is not proving the simple process anticipated. The resistance is frantic and desperate and has been marked by a number of deaths of victims of the order and of Black Shirt militiamen. But ultimately the Ty- roleans will be driven from their homes, just as the Jews were turned adrift with every door closed against them. Temporarily, these tactics of oppression and repression will contribute to the strength of the established order. Their final effect is not so definitely predictable. All of history proves that tyranny is endured submissively up to a certain point. PRIZE EXAMPLE IN RECOVERY Colorado is one of those states that make frequent use of the initiative and referendum in writing legislation. It accounts in large part for the state's extreme fiscal difficulties. For instance, the state was financing relief from gasoline and automobile taxes when the voters enacted a law to restrict such receipts to highways, but marking no provision for taking care of relief. The legislators .although pledged to impose no new levies, were forced to enact a 3 per cent sales tax. Then the voters plumped tor a monthly pension of $45 a month for every needy person over 60 years, earmarking S5 per cent of sales tax revenue to provide the funds. The result was a rude awakening for both the pensioners and those on relief ,and the closing of some state departments. Xo doubt the pressing need for funds accounts for the latest attempt of the state fiscal authorities to replenish the treasury. Professedly acting under a State Supreme Court decision, they have construed a chain store license fee law, also adopted by referendum, to apply to aiitomoV'Ie dealers. Accordingly, after five years, they have called upon seven automobile manufacturers to hand over $500,000, representing the amount of fees alleged to have accrued since 1935. Some developments have b<">en cnrLusly inconsistent, with a poMcy of p--rnoting recovery, but apparently it has remained for Colorado to set the prize example in that respect. Coming Events! TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION WILL TERhlNSTE SIX MONTHS FROM Man About Manhattan — By G**rge Tttcktr i NEW YORK, It's like this. She just put out her hand and a silver dollar dropped into it. . You'll find this map on countless walls, from Wall Street to Harlem. But mostly the men in these offices It was most mystifying to Mrs. Uaren'c New Yorkers. They are from Florence Lennon, of Boulder, Colorado, who is a guest in New York. Mrs. Lennon is registered at the Hotel Pennsylvania, and this morning she described to the lobby to Washington Daybook -By Preston Graver WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. — You could never tell from the tone of the note terminating the U. S.-Japanese trade treaty that the State department was delivering a warning left jab with indications that more was in reserve. .- It gives the impression that Secretary Hull was sitting late in his office one night with a half eaten sandwich on a plate at his side. Thumbing over a handful o£ treaties he came to one - with Japan. "Well, well," he seems to say, "this one appears to be a bit out o£ date. Hey, boy, run over to Ambassador Horinouchi's and tell him this trade treaty is so old it stinks and we want a new one." The tone of the note is just that casual. Diplomacy has its tricks and this is one of them. It is the timing that counts. When the thing is all straightened out once more and everybody decides to be closest friends, there will be no hard words in print in connection with the treaty. Foreign Newsmen Surprised The denunciation of the treaty, effective in six months, caught Washington by surprise. Only a couple of days before, certain foreign correspondents had cabled home that the administration was not likely to show an especially firm attitude in its foreign affairs until the breach in the Democratic. party had been healed enough to permit a show of a solid front on such things as arms embargoes. The defeat of the arms embargo repeal was accepted as a blow to administration influence in European affairs, a sign that isolation was again in the saddle. But our disposition toward isolation has applied principally on the Atlantic side. On the Pacific side it was different. Neither trade nor the fear of entangling alliances governs our relations with the Orient. Sentiment has controlled from the beginning. Of course merchants with dollar investments in ;he Orient have had a different viewpoint. But. sentiment and its ally, philanthropy, have boon the controlling motive with the public and with n long line of national administrations. U. S. investmcnrs in China, except in the Shanghai area, are dominantly missionary ericans in China are missionaries, hospital attaches or school teach- Teeth For Golden Rule Our attitude toward China, and until recently toward Japan, has been that of a busy-body, but loving, great aunt. It reached its apex in the late Victorian days about 1900 when John Hay evolved the open door policy. That was a sort of U. S. China golden rule. We sought to persuade others to do unto China as we would ourselves do unto China. We have accepted the privileges and obligations of extra-territoriality which, in the main, means that Americans in China will be subject to U. S., not Chinese civil and court authority. But we have withheld, for the most part, from the international grab for concessions. At times we have frowned or growled at England, France, Russia, Germany and Japan in an effort to preserve the open door. No ad- minstration yet has indicated that we would go to war about it. But the denunciation of the treaty indicates this administration may be ready to take steps "short of war" —in the nature of trade re-arrangements—and, possibly, embargoes— to indicate strongly to Japan that, sentimentally, we are still fussy about who does what to China. ORIENTAL MUDDLE GIVES US A BILLION-DOLLAR HEADACHE AMERICA'S STAKE IN THE ORIENT IN CHINA IN JAPAN $104.000.000 $165.000,000 $40,000,000 Schools Missions Hospitals $15,000,000 No Estimate $46,819,000 $74,340,000 $204,312,000 $171,720,000 The United States has denounced, effective nc.xt. January, its 1S- ycar-old treaty of commerce and navigation with Japan. That sots the stage for a possible embargo on shipments of U. S. raw materials to the Nipponese. Meanwhile, the Japanese blockade threatens U. S. commercial relations with China. This chart shows what America has to lose if the situation over ihere goes from worse to worst. (Not shown among U. S. investments and educational. Except in Shnng-lin China are hopelessly defaulted bonds of 330,000,000 fnco value.) The hai and Tientsin most of the Am- TO SPEND BIG SUM WASHINGTON. Aug. 1 (/P;.—The nation will spend move than $fi,- 000,000 during the coming year in the control of syphilis and gonorrhea. Dr. Thomas Parran, surgeon of the 1". S. Public Health service, announced that $1,370.230, would be allotted to states. Such funds must be matched, dollar for dollar, by suite and local funds. Washington sources that made these estimates had no figure on property owned by American nationals in Japan—presumably because it doesn't amount to much. Figures on exports and imports are vfir he last pre-war year. could mail a letter to her mother back home in Colo&do. Thqn she stepped to the bisr brass mailbox. As she lifted the metal flap and inserted the letter a big, round silver dollar dropped into her hand. She uttered a startled cry, but she held on to the dollar. For a moment it looked suspiciously as if Jim Farley had been turning his mail box into slot machines. She was standing by the box, still nonplussed, looking at the dollar when a gentleman leaped out of the elevator and exclaimed, "Has anyone seen a silver dollar?" He appeared wildly excited. "Why yes," replied Mrs. Lennon, "I have. When I put a letter in the box it jumped at me. It almost bit me." The man whose name was Rene Levy, exhaled in relief. "It's mine," he said. "To you it is only a dollar, but to me it is everything. It's the first dollar I ever earned. I was up on the eighteenth floor, and it slipped down the chute." Mr. Levy, for your further information, is chief of the Pennsylvania's banciue-t department. And that extremely cheerful countenance he wears may be explained by the Tact that he has his lucky dollar back. The n&w cigarette tax in New York City which compels smokers to pay a total tax of nine cent on each pack—six cent federal tax, two-cent state tax", and one-cent city tax—has roll-your renewed interest in the own gadgets which enjoyed a brief popularity a number of years ago. These self-rollers are now practically given away with the purchase of loose tobacco, and some of them produce a monogrammed cigarette. Sammy Kay, the swing and sway band leader, tells me that a couplo of alert fellows in New Jersey, which has no tax, are advertising cigarettes at pre-tax prices in the New York papers. They "manufacture" any quantity desired and deliver in Manhattan. The officials haven't found a way yet to prevent this. * * * An old favorite in New York is that outrageously disproportioned map of the United States which is titled "A New Yorker's Conception of America." The state of Texas on this map has shrunk to the size of a. pea. New York itself is Russian-like in vastness. monopolizing the northern section of the country. Most of the rivers, including the Mississippi, are called "Swanee." The west is a.n unexplored region of Neanderthals. JUST FOLKS By EDGAE A. GUEST TWO DREAMERS The city man sits at his desk by day And dreams of meadows whore young lambs play; A stream that ruffles a grove ol trees, The -wild birds' song and the drone of bees. He'd barter pavement and gray stone Avails For those moss preen rocks where the water falls. He'd trade you all that mankind has done For nn open, view of the setting snn. He'd sire you nearness o£ dance and sbow And all the splendors of shopping row For a stream to fish and a field to plow And a dog and a horse and a jersey cow. Rut out in the field in the blazing sun Surrounded by weeding that must be done, A bronze boy poses and looks afar To the distant haunts where the cities are, And wood and fields and the wild birds' song He'd give to be one of the teeming throng. Tli<n- are dreamers both, and each one sees t in all that the other flees. Kansas and Texas and Ohio and Arizona and other states. If the man who drew this map has it properly patented, he must be a rich man. Hundreds of thousands of copies have been sold. SEEK STATUS OF OFFICIALS Attorney General Asked To Give Opinion On Penal Farm Positions. BALTIMORE, Aug. 1,—Harry C. Jones, State Employment Commissioner, notified Attorney-General Wm. C. Walsh Monday that he felt "grave concern" over the "growing tendency to separate as many classes of positions as possible from the operation of the State Merit System." The letter was sent to Walsh .alter Willis R. Jones, Chairman ot the Board of Correction, asked for a legal opinion on the Merit System status oE four state positions—those of Superintendent of the State Penal Farm, the head of the woman's division at the Hous© of Correction and Warden- ship at the State Penitentiary and House of Correction. Jones said the superintendent jobs at the Penal Farm and in the •woman's divisiou are in. the classified services and that the warden- ships are not. The letter by Jones, a Republican appointee "whos© ouster was sought last spring in a ripper bill introduced by Delegate John S. White, Administration leader, declared: "The positions of Superintendent of th© State Penal Farm and Superintendent of the Women's Department, House ot Correction, have always been in the- Merit System and this department is preparing to hold an examination Cor the vacancy existing i$ the House of Correction. "The growing tendency to separate as many classes of positions as possible from the operation of the State Merit System Law is causing grave concern judging from protests that reach this department from many interested sources." Meantime Governor Herbert R. O'Conor declared that, when he appointed R. Chester Crowell. former Democratic member of the House of Delegates from Anno Arundcl county, as Superintendent of Public Buildings and Grounds at Annapolis, he didn't know lac position was under the Merit System. Crowell and Philip A. Myers, the Republican incumbent, have been reporting for work together while the State has withhold salary for both pending n. ruling on the legality of the appointment. MORGENTHAU PLANS VISIT TO FINLAND WASHINGTON, Aus. 3.—Secretary MorganUuui announced here he would make ;i. special trip to Finlnnd to th.ink that country for paying its war debt regularly. Morgcnthau said the Finnish Minister, h.-ul invited him t.o go and he had accepted the invitation n.s the only "official" engagement of his vacation trip to Europe. He will sail Wednesday. Remodeling Sale Now in Progress! — Tlio Orlirltml — Miller's Furniture Store .11 South rntomnc Street What Is Your News I. Q.? By The AP Feature Servic* Each question counts 20. A score of 60 is fair, 80, good. • 1. What was the tragic note in the farewell party given this man, Claude Joseph Bradley? 2. The senate voted down the President's request to repeal embargo features of the neutrality law. True or false? 3. What record did Clara Adams set? 4. Was Gerould K. Goldner, young Ohio pastor, (a) kid- naped by Arabs, (b) arrested by nazis, (c) granted a papal audience? 5. What is Bob Pastor's date in Detroit on Sept. 20? (Answers on Page 8) NO SOLICITING Detective William H. Peters announced last night that no one has been authorized tc solicit funds for the Junior Police Clubs. He said there had been several complaints of youngsters canvassing for funds to finance the clubs. . FARES to NEW YORK for The FAIR ROUND TRIPS IN * COACHES TO NEW YORK WEDNESDAYS AND SATURDAYS SUNDAYS AUG. 13, 27 SEPTEMBER 10 EVERY WEEK-ENT Go any Saturday — Returning Sunday following date of sale. >'S°° Tickets Good on These Trains (Eoitorn Standard Tim<») Lv. Hagerstown . . . 1:2-4 a. m. Ret. Lv. New York (Pcnna. Sta.) 7:15 or 11:25 p. m. Y round Irip in eoachot 1 1 IJQ Good any doy, any Iraln • • At your train tjlidfi into Pennsylvania Station, New York, you »top into waiting train _ which whitki you to Motion on Fair Ground* ' —10 rninulci — 10 ccntj nach way. erf The Glamorous New York World's Fair uLL The Greatest Spectacle at tin Fair RAILROADS ON PARADE Atk ajjonti lor dntolli and about •conomital tour* with hotel occommodoliont In N«w York PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD DIRrCT BQUTS TO WOBt 0 i f Alp VtATlON ON JAIR CPOUNOV -CLOTHING For the Entire Farr.ily R & G DEPT. STORE "LUNCH ROOMS & TAVERNS" Get our Prices on "BUTTERED POPCORN" By the Can (IT TASTES DIFFERENT) CAUFFMAN'S Cut Rate STORE 30 Kust AViishln«f(on Strcrt LIVESTOCK AUCTION EVERY WEDNESDAY—1:00 P. M. Promptly Please Bring Livestock In Early Buy and Sell Through Your Local Market. Four States Livestock Sales, Inc. PHONE 812 1st Street Hagerstown, Md. DICK T R A C Y — P O L I C E REP O R T HAS UEG BROKEN John Dattalio, of Smithsburg, an empolye of the North American Cement Corp., sustained a fractured log in an accident yesterday and was taken to the Washington County Hospital, Caskey's Three New Loaves NOW AT YOUR GROCERS SCENE: LOCAL POLIC& STAT\OM. NMJRD&R—YEAH, BETTER NOTFV THE CORONER- AMD6ET A COUPLE OF PLAIN CLOTHESNAEM UP HERE WEEP, YOU ONLY IT MORE DIFFICULT FOR US AU_. OH, OH /SHOT THROUGH THE HEART/ ~TH\S IS THe POUCE ARE HERE, A COUPLE OF MEN TO NUREMOH'S SAKDSTOME HEIGHTS. BLVTLER UUST CALLED — SAYS SOMEBOCT/S DEAD- RkSHT AV/AY. MURDER, E.H? KNURDER? TH\NK THAT.'
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