PAGE TWO THE PAMPA DAILY NEWS, Pampa, Texas SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 31, 1936. Rescue of White Girls in Indian Battle Near Pampa Dramatic Plains Incident TN THE SEARCH for drama in the early life of the southwest. far too little attention has been given to a daring and spectacular Indian battle which won for Lieut. Frank D. Baldwin ol the United States Army a Congressional medal of honor. Two of his officers were breveted for bravery in this same exploit. > The battle site was about 12 miles south of Pampa in Gray couifty on the north branch of McClellan creek. This site will be suitably marked this year by the Centennial commission. This is a story of the charge, not of the Light Brigade, but of a military wagon train—through an Indian camp, against superior numbers, with resultant rout of the enemy and rescue of two white girls, Julia and Adelaide German who were captives of the Indian chief. Grey Beard, and his war party. Ordinarily a wagon train is an unwieldy handicap to soldiers, but in this instance Lieut. Baldwin used the wagons in a gallant surprise attack which don.btless saved the lives of the whit~; captives. But leu us turn back a moment to the siate of Georgia in the month of April, 1870. The depression which followed the Civil War bore heavily upon John German and his large family. When a friend In Colorado wrote enthusiastically of the opportunities In the west, he decided to try his fortunes in the Cbldriel Miles made up 1 a wagon train detachment of 23-rnule teams, with empty wagons, filled with infantry, attached a few cavalrymen, added a mountain" howitzer, and put Lieut Frank D. Baldwin, his chief of scouts, in command The orders were to proceed north and eastward, toward the supply camp on the Washita river in what is now Hemphill county—to look for Indian signs en route and attack or send for reinforcements as condition:,- dictated. It was not an offensive fighting The above sketch is an Imaginative picture "f the battle In central Gray county in 1874 dur- slatightcrcd for the hides, and the government was spending tens of millions of dollars to control the embittered Indian tribes. It was a period when newspapers were encouraging the westward movement and minimizing the dangers involved. Doubtless the German family renew coUKiry wiaich was being wrest- celved warnings as they moved lined from the Indians. escorted along the stage coach After loading treasured posses-1 trails, but the only Indians seen Blons in a pwarle scooner, the Ger-| had been f r i en dly; so, with their man family left Its home In the Blue Ridge mountains on April 10, 1870. In the group was the father, mother, one son, Stephen, who was 14 and six daughters: Rebecca Jane, Catherine, Joanna, Sophia, Julia and Adela.ide, whose ages ranged from 16 years down to one year. Theirs was a slow journey, for they had no money and they had to stop twd and one-half years In Arkansas and again in Missouri to combat poverty and disease. But with that indomina table courage which distinguished so many who journeyed westward, they pushed on into Kansas in late August of 1874. The family rested a few days at Ellis, Kans., which was at the time near the eastern limit of the zone of danger from hostile Indians. Railroads were building westward, treaties with the Indians were col- lapsmg, millions of buffalo—the Indians' . food . supply—were being one wagon and a few cattle they continued on their way to within a day's journey of Fort Wallace, Kans. The morning of Sept 10, 1874 was bright and pleasant, and uneventful except for the inquisitive nearness of a small herd of antelope. Stephen German, by then a stout youth, left the wagon to try for a kill. Before he had gone far he heard with chilling dismay the yells of 17 Indian worriers led by Kicking Horse. Stephen ran for the protection afforded by a small hill but, was quickly overtaken and shot to death. Back at the wagon his father suffered the same fate and his moMier was cruelly slain as she rushed to her dying husband. Rebecca jane, the oldest girl, was killed as she made a futile effort to strike an Indian with an axe. The triumphant Indians surrounded by remaining live girls and examined their captives in high glee. Joanna, who IIIR; which two white girl captives were rescued from the Indians in a daring wagon train attack by had long hair, was killed in order that her scalp might be taken and divided as a trophy of the raid. One warrier started to kill Adelaide but was dissuaded by an Indian squaw who accompanied Kicking Horse. The Indians, a band of Cheyennes, then feasted on the cattle and divided the captives, Sophia and Catherine being taken by one group, and Julia and Adelaide, the youngest of the girls, by the rest of the band. The small girls were shortly abandoned on the prarie, where with remarkable resourcefulness they lived on berries for six weeks before being recaptured by the Indians. Then came the terrible winter of 1874, during which government troops drove the Indians into bleak New Mexico in an effort to starve them into submission. The pathetic story of the cruelties and hardships suffered by the white girl captives is told in Grace E. Meredith's book, "Girl Captives of the Cheyennes" The news that the Indians had white girl captives reached Gen. Nelson A. Miles, then colonel of the 5th United States infantry, who was camped on the north bank of che Red river. It caused him much concern and was a cause of unrest among the troops. To find the elusive Indians and defeat them before they could kill the captives was a task for the most seasoned Indian fighter,!. Lieut. Frank Baldwin, who for this exploit received a Congressional medal, force which left the main camp Nov. 4, 1874, since a wagon train was always an impediment to soldiers contending with the swift- moving, cunning enemy. On the morning of the 8th, the wagons reached a point in the rough, sandy hillB about 11 miles south of what is now Pampa. There was great excitement in the camp when William F. Schmalsle, a scout, galloped into camp and reported to Lieut. Baldwin that he had sighted a large number of ponies less than a mile away. That meant Indians and lots of them. His scouting had disclosed that Grey Beard, head chief of the strongest hostile band in this section at that time, was camped nerby. Every soldier knew that Grey Beard had two white girl captives. The discovery was so unexpected that Lieut. Baldwin sent Schmalsle, the scout, at break-neck speed to inform Col. Miles. Miles sent a company of cavalry to Baldwin's support, but when the horsemen arrived four hours later the battle was over. In his eagerness 10 surprise the Indians and rescue the girls before they could be slain, Baldwin had drawn up the wagon train into a double column, with the howitzer at the head in the center and with lead teams flanked by the cavalrymen. It was a reckless plan which depended upon the surprise element. But the bugle sounded the 'charge and the dramatic attack wai begun. . Whips eraek.ed over the heads Of the startled mules, wagons empty except for infantry men creaked and plunged down hills and around them, and the yelling troopers, learh- sters. and infantry swept into the Indian camp, opening fire when the alarmed red men dashed from their; tepees. It was a grand entry, a charge effective in results—the charge of the wagon train. The surprised Cheyennes, warriors, squaws and children, stampeded. The wagon train circled and pursued the Indian braves, who sought to distract attention from their women and children. The Indians made a stand and a short battle ensued. Baldwin re-formed his wagons and repeated the attack with success. After a short rest, the pursuit was continued for several miles. The howitzer was used with great effect when the Indians grew stubborn. Shortly, however, not an Indian was in sight and the worn soldiers halted to round un the Indian ponies and burn the camp. During the heat of battle, an Indian nmdc a daring attempt to reach a pile of blankets, at which he fired with a rifle. He was killed, and from the blankets crawled Julia German—in rags, sun-burned almost black, thin to the point of emaciation, a sight so pitiful that soldiers wept as they beheld her. Adelaide was found in a nearby lodge, terrified. The girls were placed in the care of officers' wives at Camp Supply. The other white captives, Catherine and Sophia, were surrendered to government troops on the following March 1 after long negatiatlons with friendly Chief Stone Calf, who had great difficulty in persuading Grey Beard's band to give them up. The girls became charges of the government, Wcjre later married, and two of them were guests of the late T. D. Hobart of Pampa while passing through the Panhandle a few yean ago. Concerning his part itr the famous rescue, the Congressional citation said of Lieut, (later Captain) Baldwin: "The Congress of the United States Infantry, for rescueing with two companies two white girls by volunteer attack upon Indians whose superior numbers and strong position would have warranted delay for reinforcements, but which delay would have permitted the Indians to escape and kill their captives." With ample reason, therefore, and merited appreciation we today recall "The Charge of the Wagon Train " •«> Hungarians Prefer Widows KKCKEMET, Hungrary (/P) — Widows are in greater demand by men than divorced women, according to marriage statistics of this town. These figures revealed 100 widows remarried in 1935 as against only 50 divorcees. This is Georgia Carroll, 17-year- old Dallas high school girl, who won second place in the recent con- teat to select the Texas Centennial Exposition's "Bluebonnet Girl," official hostess for the $25,000,000 World's Fair which will open in Dallas June 6. She, like France's Nalle, the "Bluebonnet" winner, will take an important part in welcoming celebrities to the fair. AMERICAN'S FINGER-PRINT SETS ARGENTINE RECORD BUENOS AIRES (/P)—Police of Buenos Aires have found that only one Individual in a million has fingers sufficiently abnormal to foil finger-print records. In more than 20 years of fingerprinting 2,000,000 Argentines and foreigners for personal identity papers, the police have ran across just two persons who fingers wouldn't register. The second case, that the Raymond Inslee Mount, an American business man, came recently 20 years after the only similar case on record here. The police found that Mount's fingers left only a black smudge, the skin being completely smooth. Mr. Mount said that the phenomenon of smooth fingers, without sensitivity to pain, runs in his family. «0- Auctrian Hotel Bars. Hoi Polloi SALZBURG, Austria (K>)— Only aristocrats will be accepted as guests at a resort hotel which a group of blue-bloods, headed by an Austrian prnce, are making out of an old castle at Zell am See. MIRE OF SANCTIONS BOGGING DOWN LEAGUE'S EFFORTS TO IMPROVE ECONOMIC PROGRAMS By JOSEPH E. SHARKEY GENEVA, May 30. (4>)—Economics and disarmament have been among the most difficult problems which the League of Nations has undertaken to solve. The League successes in these fields, like its political triumphs, have been obscured in ths public mind by the other side of the picture, but here at Geneva they are riot forgotten. The 15-year administration of the Saar Valley in Germany, involving ramifications of French and German industrial and commercial interests and crowned by the successful plebiscite that returned the district to the Reich, Is counted a triumph. Admittedly, the action in the case of the similar region of Upper Sl- leFia, was less efficacious. The treaty of Versailles provided for a plebiscite and the vote divided the territory between Germany and Poland. Germany never has been satisfied with the outcome. War Handicaps Recni'cry The Italian-Ethiopian war hampered Geneva efforts to improve world economic conditions at a moment when encouraging signs wers apparent. Last September, when the full League met in annual assembly, there developed real hope that international trade and finance would get better steadily. This hope sprang from two sources. The first was a decision by League committees to further a program for removal of quotas and similar trade barriers, and the lowering of tariffs. On top of this came a message from the American secretary of state, Cordell Hull, voicing praise of the efforts of the League's economic experts and calling them "dramatic and courageous," Sanctions An Issue But adjudication of Italy as the aggressor against Ethiopia and the voitng of financial and commercial sanctions against the Euroaean country, brought a breakdown in the newly overhauled machinery. What the League's economic committee had in mind in the program which brought praise from Washington was essentially the course that Secretary Hull presented at the lamented world economic conference in London in 1933. That conference was one of the historic failures of the League's record. Previously there had been some measure of success in economic conferences under League auspices. >A financial parley at Brussels" In 1920 put international economic rela- tions upon a basis that proved hetp- hil and a world economic conference at Geneva in 1925 adopted a more advanced philosophy of lela- tionships. Arttis Expenditures Continue But this progress, like that recorded in the disarmament Held, was minor. Admittedly the League has failed to reduce military forces and expenditures. It has, to be sure, drafted a multilateral treaty for control of traffic in arms, evolved principles for defining an aggressor and offered a plan for financial assistance to a state that is attacked. But political fears have nullified these efforts. Disarmament conferences at London and Geneva have broken down and peace-time military establishments and arms budgets are today probably the greatest In history. Cuban Irrigation Plan.ned to Halt Peril by Floods HAVANA, May 30, (iP)— Through recently announced irrigation projects the Cuban government expects to impound waters that have taken lives and destroyed property for years and use the water to irrigate more than 2,000 square miles of farm land. At present money crops in Cuba are raised during the dry season from December until April—a period in which rainfall practically is zero and rivers almost dry. Engineers are surveying the possibilities of building reservoirs in the Organ Mountains of Plnar del Rio Province. The project would provide waterpower and give year round Irrigation for 330,000 acres of rich land. Another project being studied has to do with the Trinity Mountains watershed in the southern part of Santa Clara Province. The third, and most important from agriculture and safety standpoints, is the Cauto River plan in Oriente Province, involving 6GO.OOC acres. The Caulo River rises west of Santiago in the Sierra Maestra Mountains; flows northeast of Santiago, then doubles back to the- west to empty into the bay of Guacana- yabo near Manzanillo. It is Cuba's greatest river and has taken thousands of' lives in floods. Without a single oil well, Pawnee county, Kan., residents are receiving $185,000 annually from the oil industry. Oil land leasers pay that sum as rental for prospective .land. Danciger Oil & Refineries, Inc One of the largest producers of oil in the Panhandle District. One of the largest tax payers in the Panhandle District. One of the largest, most modern and up to date Refin eries at Pampa to serve the Panhandle District. We maintain one of tfie largest payrolls' in the Panhandle District. Refineries: Longview, Texas Pampa, Texas LeFors, Texas Danciger, Toxae Geineral Sales Office: Hunt Building, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
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