The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas on December 26, 1944 · Page 1
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The Iola Register from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, December 26, 1944
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THE lOLA REGISTER VOLUME XLVIII No. 52 The Weekly Register, Established 1867: The lola Daily Register, Established 1897. lOLA, KAS., TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 26, 1944. SnocMior to Tbt Iota Daily Bcgiitcr, Th« lola Dally Record, and loU Daily Index. SIX PAGES + + + The WAR TODAY + + + BY DEWITT MACKENME This Germans have got th^r second wind and again are on the drive—an event for which this column yesterday warned readers to be prepared—^but such news as has filtered through the censorship dim- out up to this writing Indicates that the Allied forces have been Holding the enemy to small gains in most sectors or stopping them altogether. General Eisenhower seems to have the situation well in hand, ^nd we can have confidence in the outcome. It should be marked that despite the great weight of the German counter-thrust, our troops have suffered no debacle. On the contrary we've steadily Increased our grip. The fighting Is fierce, and we must bo prnpared for heavy casualties. We shall break the back of thl."; German offensive in due course. Of that there's no doubt. But the co.st in lives is cjolng to be hard to take. The Weather KANSAS—Increasing cloudiness, snow or sleet sonttawest and snow middle and northwest toniglit; not so cold tonight; lowest 15-18 northeast, 18 ^24 west and sonth, snow or sle^t in west and sonth, snow in northwest and warmer Wednesday. Tempierature—Highest for the 24 hoiu:s ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 35. lowest last night 13; normal for today 32; deficiency yesterday 3 degrees; excess since January 1, 433 degrees; this date last year—highest 39; lowest 32. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, 48.82; excess since January 1, 10.54 inches. Sunrise 8:37 a. m.; set 6:09 p. m. Thermograph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m 28 9 p. m. 22 10 a. m 28 10 p. m 21 11 a. m. 12 noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m 27 6 p. m 26 7 p. m 25 8 p. m 24 . ...26 ...28 .29 .31 ..29 .28 11 p. m 20 12 m 18 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 8 a. m. . 17 16 .15 .14 .13 .13 .13 . 13 The Hitlerites of course are suffering Just as heavily. It's a bloody business they've started in their desperate, last-ditch effort to stampede the Allies into making a compromise peace. That this is their hope: is further confirmed in the statement made" by German officers that their offensive calls for arrvlal in Paris January 17. after iwhlch ^perhaps "Roosevelt will talk peace term.'i." The broad picture of the German assault remains the same. They're .straining to extend the two;great salients which they have driven into the American front in Belgiupi towards the Meuse river. One of these Jong arms Ls stretching out tawards the fortified communications center "of Liege. The other on the south |s reaching for Namur, and subdivides into a drive for Sed&n—a historic invasion route to Paris. Tragedy In Fire Home and Possessions Of Clarence Jones Family Destroyed Sunday Christmas brought tragedy to Mr. 1 and Mrs. Clarence Jones and their I nine children last night when flre I destroyed the house in which they I were living at 1005 South State street. Most of the! family's clothing, bedding, furniture and personal effects, as well as $90 in cash were lost. Shortly after the family had retired for the night one of the children was aroused biy smoke and awoke the household'. The fire was One of the menaces of the offensive lies in the fact that these two , powerful tentacles from a huge sack within which are many American troops and supply stations. If the Nazis could close the mouth of that sack ,it would create a nasty Situation, and tljey are doing their utmost to achieve this. There are several similar, though less dangerous, Jsacks at various other points. The threats are far from one sided, however. Eisenhower is flinging counter-attacks at the flanks of these German salients. The iminc- diate' purpose of this pressure is to prevent the expansion of the arms. However, Nazi Field Marshal Vt^n Runstedt l.s making a big gamb rContinued on Parr d. No. 1 Tighten Ration Rein Many Canned Vegetables and About 85% Of All Meats On List; Butter to 24 Points Washington, Dec. 26. (AP)— Changed point values for canned fmits will not go into effect until 12:01 a. m. next Sunday. New values became effective today for processed vegetables and butter, and CPA's original announcement did not distinguish between the various types of foods. CPA corrected its announcement today to say the new values for fmits will not take effect until Sunday. discovered in a wall in the eastern part of the house, perhaps started by a faulty flue from the kitchen stove. i The fire department was called but was able to do little. The house is outside the city limits and several blocks from the nearest fire plug. Cold Moves Quickly On Topeku. Dec. 2fi. (AP>—Prlvolou.s j Kansas weather exercised its time- honored right and revi^rspt! Itself with the noon forecast today from dear and warmer to snow, sleet and : warmer. Clouds moving in from the .southwest nccoinpanied by a lallinp barometer caused 'Weatherman S. D. Flora; to change his forecast for the state' from ^ sunshine and warmth "to snow, sleet and a little warmer." The noon forecast called for in. creasing cloudiness with sleet or snow in middle, southern and west- em sections of the state tonight but .not so cold. Sunshine yesterday afternoon mblted most of the light covering • of- show and ice from highways in the northeastern part of the state, .Flora said. Highest temperature reported in the state vesterday was 30 at 'Wich• Ita. : Highs generally were around 25: Philllpsburg was low last night •with two above. St. Joseph, Mo., jast acrass. the .state line, registered five 'below and Flora said there probably was some zero weather in nc>rtheasterh portions. . Temperatures today were expected td be between 25 and 30 and tomorrow near 35. Lows tonight of 15 to 20 in; northern, sections and 2a to 25 in: the southern half of the state were forecast. lyt. Raymond Clark Missed I^eath By Inches l5th AAPin Italy—First Lieuten- aiit Raymond S. Clark recalls that one ol the narrowest escapes he has evjer had was when enemy flak tore ^ug :the maps and computers he was ' working over. The lieutenant, 22, a :n4vigator iri an Italy based 15th AAF B -I7 flying Portress, is the 5c-ri "of Mr. and Mrs. Artie Clark, rsiite 2, lola. and is now home on ; furlough. Lt. Clark has flown 50 successful • bombing ntissions against enemy targets in the Mediterranean "thea- •ter and weirs the Distinguished .Flying Cross and the Air Medal "with three Oak Leaf clusters. "Just after bombs away," Clark recalled of the bombing of the Her• inan Goering tank i)lftnt at'LInz, Austria, on July 25, 1944. "we encountered intense enemy'flak.. One burst directly in front of the ship, shattering the plexlglajss nose and sending pieces of j&gged metal through my; compartment. • "It tore tip the maps and the computers on my desk, and how it missed me I'll never know. "We had many holes In the ship but "managed to stay with our forma•Moa and returned borne safely." NEED EVE^THING The Clarence Jones family needs stoves, furniture, bedding, and clothing and today Ls unable to supply these minimum necessities. The Allen County Welfare Association provided a $10 grocery order this morning but Miss Minerva Robins, director, said that other needed items cannot be immediately supplied. For example, no stove is available. Tax money cannot be used for the purchase of other needed articles. Those willing to donate any of the above are asked to take them to the Welfare office or to communicate with Miss Robins who will supervise the coUeclion and distribution of the gifts. The family has been self-supporting but is destitute following last night's dLsastrou.s fire. Ray Chard, flre chief, said that flames were bursting from the room when the firemen arrived and they concentrated on preventing the conflagration from spreading. Couldnt Get Furniture During the high water a few weeks ago all of the beds and bedding owned by the family was moved to the second story, of the house. The fire spread so rapidly that very little of this could be removed. The nine children, ranging in ages from 3 to 16, escaped with little more clothing than that worn when they had gone to bed. Mr. and Mrs. Lee Moore, who live across the street,.assisted in removing a little furniture frorri the lower floor. However, almost everything owned (Continued on Page 6, No. 4) Washington, Dec. 26 (AP) A tighter and broader food rationing program became effective today. Canned vegetables returned to the ration list and butter and sugar came under new restrictions. Salient aspects of the new program: Butter is raised from 20 to 24 points a pound. All red and blue stamps which became good before December 1 are cancelled. Canned peas. corn, green and wax beans, asparagus and spinach require points. Sugar Stamps Cancelled All sugar stamps and home caning certificates except sugar stamp No 34 are cancelled. About 85 per cent oi all meats will require ration points begirming Sunday. In announcing the stricter rationing rules OPA assured consumers that ample food Is available for all. The action was taken, the agency said, because' of declining meat supplies and low stocks of butter and canned fruits and vegetables. To Study Food Situation The week-end move echoed indirectly on Capitol Hill with an announcement by Representative Jenkins (R.-Ohio) that he would reconstitute the Republican food ptudy committee named last year. Jenkins at the same time termed the present food situation a result of administration failure to appoint a single food "czar" with authority over prices and distribution. He did not refer specifically tc the OPA action but recalled in an interview that his study group several months ago had recommended one-man authority over food. Ahead Plunge Through 1914 Iilvasion Path BRUSSELS Counter Off«ntiy« 1914 invotion'. Map above shows how all-out German counter-olfensive follows the Wehrmacht 's favorite Invasion path. In 1914, aiid again In 1S40, they poured through th(! Aachen-MaUnedy secttir toward Liege and Muese river. McKinley Junior Red Cross Plays Santa Tlie McKinley Junior Red Cross played Santa Claus to the Allen county home yesterday, taking a box of gifts to those living there. The gifts included bowls, molded by the children, and containing growing vines, packages of cookies, candy, calendars and other items made at the school. Mrs. Ethel Green, and four students. Joyce Cunningham. Donna White. Lucille Caler and RajTnond Cunnineham, presented the presents. The school has also adopted four children at the State Orphans Home. Atchison, to whom they sent gifts. -> *\ CHAMBER MEETS TONIGHT The lola chamber of commerce will meet tonight at 6:30 at the Kelley hotel. Plans for the coming year will be outlined by Jerry Miller, newly re-elected president for 1945. Jap Air Attack Fails Forrqstal Says Damage Done Not Enough To Disrupt Plans for Continued Offensive Washington, Dec. 26 (AP) Na\'y Secretary Forr'estal aaid today Japanese air attacks have failed to disrupt American plan^ for continued hea\'y offensives. ; • Acknowledging that nava^ forces in the Ph'illpplnes area' have suffered some damage," l;e sftid announcements are delayed .because "we do riot wish the Japanese to know what ships they Ifave iilt, nor to what extent vessels; have been Injured, nor how soon they inay be back In action." "Clear Field'; for Japs •This "necessary silence," Forrestal continued In a statement, "has left the field - clear for the Japanese to make fantastic claims, 4)erhap8 fishing for Information. "Perhai^ the best way to assess the result^ of Japanese air. attacks against our fleets since the second battle of the Philippine sta Is to ask whether those attaclcs hive disrupted oU)- plans for future, action. They have not. The fall Of L^yte and our landing on MIndoro are a concrete dempnstration that tl\ev have not." ; . r Points to!: Steps Forward * Forrestal's statement, reviewing the course of the Pacific wai, pointed also to carrier plar^e 'raids on Luzon, an amphibious; attack on Ormoc a^d "our troops' freedom from surface bombardment dm Leyte and MIndoro" as further evidence (ConUnned an PMS« ^ NK S) New Cold Wave Hits Middle West Today • (By the AMoeiated Pr«»i> A new cold wave with bitter below zero temperatures hit the Midwest today. "{Tie mercury plunged far Ijelpw the zero reading in the Dakota-S, Minijesota. Nebraska, Wisconsin, Iowa, -northern and central Illinois," northern Indiana, upper Mlcljlgfin and portions of Ohio. Forecasters s^id the cold wave would spread to the eastern and northeastern states by tomorrow mon^ing but would diminish in intensity." Yanks Fight Winter and Foe Joint Blow At Iwo Jima U. S. Planes and Ships Plaster Isle In Volcano Group U. S. Pacific Fleet Headquarters, PearJ Harbor: Dec. 26. (AP)—From the air and jsea American bombs and .shells \rashed Sunday (Japanese time) ihtolvio Jlma as Superfort­ resses, Limci'ators and warships combined in fin assault on the Nipponese island base only 750 miles south of Tokyo. (Tqkj:o radio said three of the big far-ranging y-29's dumped Incendiary Iximbs cn Tokyo itself, and on Yokahama arid Shizuoka Prefecture southwest of the imperial capItaL There was no Allied confirmation.) Second'Joint Attack The Iwo Jiina attack was the second iri which'warships and bombers acted in connert to plaster the island, in the 'i/olcano group, from which ' the •'• Japanese formerly launched raicis on Saipan, base of the 'r6Ryo-ra5 ,ding Superforts. The first Jplnt assault on Iwo Jima was made' Decemjier 7, and since then there have b(;en no Japanese raids on Saipan. •: In bLs comrjiunique, Adm. Chester W. Nijnitz gave no iridication of the size of the task force or of the number of -B-29'5 participating in the sortie. He said the warships bombed Iwo's coastal defenses, and that shore batteries "offered some" return fife. Hf! added that none of the American'vessels was damaged. Housewives Scour Stores To Beat Ration Order Troops of the U. S. First Army, which bore the brunt of the great German counter-offensive's initial smash, are fighting winter as well as the desperate foe. Photo above shows men of the 9th Regiment, 2d Division, crouching in a snow-fllled trench under heavj' German artillery bombardment.—(^gnal t>)rps Photo, NEA.) Buslni^ss varied from one extreme to the other in lola yesterday as the majority of stores, restaurants and professior^l offices were closed. Diu^ing the-afternoon a stranger had a difflcujt time buying a cup of coffee and a bite to eat. The square, was aljnost devoid of traffic of any kind. ' On the other hancj those suburban groceries which were open did a ijooming business. Scores of housewives Went frwm store to store trying to purch^ canned goods, sugar, riieats ajid other foods upon hearing that rationing was to be resumed this jjinomirig or soon will be.. ^ Some stores were completely sold out of canned fruits, vegetables arid sugar by noon. Purchasers seemed willing to sacrifice their Christmas holiday,in order to obtain foods to ^hoard. Busses and; trains were jammed with passengers. The bus for Wichita was loaded,by the time It reached lola last night and the extra bus which was pressed Into service left here with eve^y seat filled and an estimated 20 persons standing in the aisles. Several persons were unable to purchase either bus or rail fares and remained m town through the sight. Red Army SoEdge Of Budapest Only One Narrow Escape Route Left to - German Garrison; Conj tinue Slovakian Push ' • \ By EDDY OILMORE -Moscow, Dec. 26. (AP)— E^ight to 10 divisions of Germans and Hungarians were reported trapped in Budapest today—cut off from escape except by air or possibly^one road usable only by night— as the Red army drove to the western city limits in a 15- mile advance. rVcii encirclement of the Hungarian capital was virtually Completed and front dispatches said Sdviet guns had begun a systematic shelling of two airports still held by th^ enemy, while Stormovlks and medium bombers flew mces-sant 'soi- tl^ over the strife torn capital. Panic In City The greatest panic was reported from inside the city In full vley of Russian units that yesterday drove to; the lofty hills of Budakesz, adjoining the city limits of Quda, western half of the Danube-strad- dllhg capital. The Germans were reported to have grabbed all available automobiles and buses and put them i^ider stdct military command, ordering the Himgaiian drivers to stand by with blankets and all the warm clothing possible. This led to the speculation that large enemy Units might try to make a break for.it. Narrow Escape Route The last narrow escape corridor thit appeared still open to them on the basis of frontline dispatches extended 19 miles northwest from the cajJital to Estergom, on tht southern bank of the big Danube bend. The ring aroimd the capital was completed In all other directions— at distances ranging from less than two miles on the west to alwut nine miles on the east. Today's commimlqtie also dis- (Contiini^d M P»ce g. No. S) Wipe Out American Salient at St. Vith Nazis Plan to Reach Paris By January 17 (B> the Aaiociated PreM) The German captors were young, tough troops and veiy talkative, according to' Sgt. Bruce Tate, Columbus, S. C, an American captive who was later released. "The lieutenant who marched us back said their schedule called for them to reach Paris by Jan. 17," Tate said. He said, 'maybe your Mr. Roo.sevelt will make peace terms then.' " Tate and other prisoners told American officers that the Germans Indicated the present offensive had been designed to Inflict crushing casualties on the Allies so Germany might get a soft peace. Leyte-Samar Campaign Is Over Surprise Amphibious Landing At Pialompon Ends All But Mopping Up Operations On Isle Gen. MacArthur's Headquarters, PhiHppines, Dec. 26. (AP)—Christmas morning surprise for Japan in the form of an amphibious invasion of Palompon harbor brought the bloody, 67-day Leyte-Samar campaign to an end except for mopping-up operations, and Gen. Douglas MacArthur today hailed "perhaps the greatest defeat in the military innals of the Japanese army." The U. S. 77th division, moving up from Ormoc into Palompon,. the enemy's last remaining port on Leyte, stormed ashore under covering flre from patrol-torpedcf boats and artillery. The Japanese were caught between these troops and others moving overland, and could offer only token resistance. 77th 's Christmas Gift By njghtfall of Christmas day. MaJ. G4n. A. D. Bruce, commander of the 77th, messaged headquarters; "The 77th Infantry division's Christmas contribution to the Leyte campaign Is the, capture of Palom­ pon, last main Japanese port on Leyte. We are gratieful to the Almighty on this birthday of His Son." The magnitude of this first phase of the Philippines lil )eration was reflected In MacArthur's announcement that 112.728 Japanese had been killed and 493 captured on Leyte and nearby Samar island, on" which there was considerably less opposition. The Americans lost 2,623 killed, 8,422 wounded and 172 missing—a total of 11,217. : "Practically Annihilated" "The enemy's ground forces' participating in the campaign have been practically annihilated," MacArthur declared. Some of Nippon's best troops were committed to the defense of Leyte. which Tokyo considered "the decisive battle for our homeland." Further, the triumphant . com­ munique said, 2,748 enemy 'planes were destroyed In the- Philippines since the Leyte invasion (October (Contbmed on Page 6. No. 6) To Within Two Miles Of Meuse Two or ii.ree German Armies Take |*art in Huge Offensive Now Bulging Ii to Belgium By WILLIAM L. RYAN (Associntod I'r.iMs W tr Kditor* German armor and infantry of two and pos.sibly three Nazi armies have pUinged to within four miles of the Meuse river by Sunday night, supreme headquarters disclosed today, in the giant counteroffensive believed to have been planned personally by Hitler as a bid to smash the Allied armies of the we.sl. On the northern flrtiik oi gre: ' German drive, twin prong.- joim cl forces in the St. Vith sector, closing off the valinntly defend".! American salient there and weldiiii, the counteroffensive front into single massive bulge 50 miles into Belgium and 35 miles wide. The American wedge west of St Vith had kept the German drives split. There was no indicati.^7^ whether any America ntroops were now pocketed within the sector. Air Force Strikes Up to noon the Ninth Tactiuil Air Force alone had destroyed -Ay. tanks, six armored vehicles and 237 motor vehicles, besides downing "2 enemy planes. U. S. 15th Air Force Italy-based bombers hammered a synthetic ni) refinery in Poland and two other .'i in German Silesia. One of Von Runstedt's armored units neared Celles, only four miles from the Meuse river at Dinant anc'. just eight miles northca.st of '•V.'^ French border. Another coluini struck north and west, reacliur; Clney. nine miles from the Mcii.'.e and 14 from Prance, in a ten-mi!" gain. The news dim-out cove id any further progress these coIunMis may have made since Sunday nifii'. Hold Out At BastoBne In the center of tlie Gennini bulge a gallant force of Americ^'iis several thousand strong held do'-, gedly to Bastogne, Liege-Arlon n:ati town, under ceaseless tank and infantry attacks. Their hope-of rn-.- cue lay to the south, where members of a famous armoied unit bi.at their way nnr'h, and at last report;, were five miles away. Still operfilin^r, uiUi'er a securi'v news delay of "^4 hjun: h^adquav- ers conceded German cccupation of Rochefort, H"--, miles from the Meuse, and said enemy pros.sure in- crea.sed in the areas immcdiatri/ northeast. At the southwest cninrr of the great bulge the Germans have taken Libramont 16 mlLs from Prance and 23 from Fortress Sedan. Officer Sets Child's Mind at Ease By Issuing Pass for Santa Claus By HAL BOYLE ^th the First Army in Germany, Dec' II. (delayed)—(AP)—Capt. Ed^rard P. Stelner of New Orleans, La.,: Is probably the only American officer who ever gave a military pas4 to Santa Claus. Ih Germany, St. Nick doesn't'wait until Christmas. His day is December; 5, and one small German boy fbuf-and-one-half years old; was woitled that the old saint would be arrested for being out after.dark. was so worried that he made a personal call on the military government office In one small *<Jer- mab village-and asked for an interview with the commander. "i know clvlUana can't be out after jlark and St. Nicholas is a Civilian/' the little boy said. "But I doiit want him to get arrested. Stelner set his mind at ease: ' 'fWe will give St. Nicholas a'one- night pass," he promised. Infantry division was hit in the chest by a German bullet. It pierced his jacket and shirt, then lodged harmlessly In the Bible he was carrying in his breast pocket. PulUng out the little book that had saved him, Martin found the bullet had penetrated to a, page containing the twelft verse of the foiu^h chapter of Galatians, reading: "Brethren, I beseech you, .'be as I am; for I am as ye; ye have not Injured me at all." German soldiers are being egged Into patrol assignments now by promises of furloughs if they capture Americans. Standing guard In the Siegfried line one dark night recentls;. Pvt. Bonner Schulenburg, a Texai rifleman in the Second Infantrj- division heard footsteps. He promptly called a challenge and bullets zinged past him from the surrounding I*fc. Gaylord Martin of Oraigs- blackness. Bonner fired back and vilte, Va., never will forget one,'Bib- heard someone fall and groatl. llcil verse. Other Yanks rushed up but the During the fighting in Brittany,; fight was over. They found a Nazi Martio. a rineinan in tbe SSghth I (Continoed on Pace 6. No, 2), Pfc. Huhpr> .J. Haen Awarded Honor Badge With the Amerlrnn Infantry Division Somewhere in the Southv/est Pacific Area—Pfc. Huber J. Haen has been awarded the Combat Infantryman Badire for exemplary conduct in action against the Japanese. A member of a veteran infantry regiment. Pvt. Haen has been overseas for 20 months and has seen service In New Caledonia, the Fiji Islands and Bougainville. This soldier is the son of Mrs. Theresa Haen. Piqua. Kas., Rt. 1. He has a brother, Donald, in the army. Pvt. Donald D. Burrows Awarded Merit Badge Pvt. Donald D. Burrows, a member of the 81st "Wildcat" divLlm, has been awarded the Combat Infantrymen Badge for exemplary- conduct and skill in action against the enemy. Tlie division recently invaded the southern islands of the Japanese-held Palnu group. 500 miles east of the Philippines. His wife, Mrs. D. D Burrows, and two-year-old son, Donald Jr., are living with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey M. Carpenter, 41C South Washington. GOLDEN RULE Oklahoma City, Dec. 26. (AP).— Western Union told Jane Schneider she had a money erder waiting for her. Instead of the fortune she had hoped for, the order turned out to be for one cent. But she evened the score with the penny-sender. She wired an indlg- p^t tlaanks— collect.

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