Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on May 31, 1936 · Page 14
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 14

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Pampa, Texas
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Sunday, May 31, 1936
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Page 14
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f^^^ ,... . TttEMMPAgAtLY^Wg^ftipiWIi ~~• : —-^ SUNDAY AMbio, MAy ?i, iMA, PANHANDLE PLAINS LONG PROMINENT IN CATTLE INDUSTRY n OUTLOOK OF BUSINESS GOOD—SUPPLY IS GROWING The 1935 farm census gave Gray county 25,493 head of cattle, 1,354 sheen, 1,797 horses and colts, and £,617 hogs. Before the era of wheat and oil, ranges of the county supported far more cattle. Livestock for the most part is on farms, but there arc a number of ranches, such as the Taylor, Johnson, Davis, Dial, Morse, and Marts. Oldest Schoolhouse In Panhandle Cattle raising Is still a major industry on the plains, where there are still men who love horses more than automobiles, and to whom there is no more exciting aroma than that of saddle leather as it creaks and • groans under the rope during a roundup. The rodeo is still a symbol of the western life. It is popular at any gathering of oldtimers, besides Intriguing the young as well. The JA ranch, in which the late Col. ,,'' Charles A. Goodnight was a mov: In? factor as the plains first cattleman, is still one of the state's greatest. And while dairy stock mid purebred Herefords have won popularity and brought fame to this section, the cattleman is still with us; prominent, net as prosperous as in some eras but full of hope, a picturesque figuure in range attire but as likely as not to be a banker or a merchant, living in town much of his time. Pampa has long been identified with cattle, as with wheat. The late T. D. Hobart was twice president of the Texas & Southwestern Cattle Raisers association, long an official of the national association, and his son, Fred, is succeeding him in such prominence. The Panhandle has furnished many high officials of both groups. In 1877, only three years after the noted Indian battles were fought on the plains, Col. Charles Goodnight chased the buffaloes out of the Palo Duro canyon and established the first ranch. Ultimately he was to control mere than 100,000 head of cattle. Cattle supported the whites much as buffalo had supported the Indian, except that the Indian followed the buffalo while the white herdsmen "dug in" and controlled their stock. Cattle came with the first colonists on the Atlantic coast and with the early Spaniards who conquered Mexico. Spaniards brought a long-horn type raised for a thousand years by the Moors on the plains of Africa. A more domesticated type was imported in the east. Part of the Spanish cattle escaped, as did some stock from early ranches in the southwest. The wild cattle became mixed, and there was a time when wild cattle and wild horses were plentiful, coexistent with the huge herds of buffalo. Cheap land—often free land before the fanners came—attracted the cattleman. The early problem was not pasturage, but a market.; In South Texas, there was a limited When Mobcelie was the metropolis of (he plains, judicial and commercial center and site of a fort, this first school building in the Panhandle wmj constructed there. It was built in 1878, and stood until 1923, when It was razed to make way for a new building. HOLLTWOOD SIGHTS«^SOUNDS By UOBB1N COONS HOLLYWOOD—The stars may get the glory, but the character man—so thinks Nigel Bruce—gets the full joy of Hollywood. I The portly British actor, who likes comfortable living ns well as a game of cricket, pointed out: "It's marvelous, nothing short. I am engaged on a picture. I worked yesterday, and it was rathed uncomfortable, heavy costume and all that, and hot. But I am not on call again for the next five days. The stars, now, seldom get a day off during a picture." market in Mexico. After the civil war, during which herds multiplied and the market was poor, a few hardy adventurers drove herds over tortuous trails into Kansas and Missouri. Prices were better than expected. The trail movement grew to large proportions. Then, with coming of the railroads, foreign capital, especially English, began looking for opportunities. Great ranches developed. Next came the day of definite grants, homesteading, barbed wire, and farming. Choice wheat lands felt the keen edge of the plow. Ranches contracted, herds declined, prices fluctuated disastrously for many. Trick diets, post-war loss of foreign markets, and "overproduction" cut into profits. Yet despite these facts and the government buying-killing program of last year, the cattle carryover is building back fast and, while the outlook for the industry is regarded as bright with return of normal conditions, consumption must be increased or production controlled. Every state west of the Mississippi river except two produce more cattle than is consumed in them. New Zealand and Australia eat more meat per capita than any other countries. And, it is pointed out by Mel Davis, Pampa cattleman, these countries are noted for the longevity of the population. Imports of beef into this country, partly because of reciprocal' trade agreements, are increasing rapidly. The value of all cattle products in 1929 was about twelve billions of dollars in this country. The southwest is a "natural grass" country, ideal in normal years for grazing range cattle. The industry will long continue to be an important one on the plains. Other character actors, for this and other reasons, feel pretty much the same way. Roles Arc Plentiful A "character" can work In two cr more films at once, if he wishes Once he is hired for a film with a time guarantee, his pay goes on— despite the vacations Nigel Bruce relishes with so much gusto. Good 'characters," as a rule, are in fairly constant demand. Casting directors more and more are looking to finished actors even for minor roles. Audiences often don't know the names of these actors, but they know their faces and in time come to expect good performances from the actors behind those faces. Veterans like Douglas Dumbrille, William Frawley, Porter Hall, Nigel Bruce, Herbert Mundin, Jessie Ralph, Jane Darwell, Luis Alberni and George Barbier may vary in the billing they receive. But when a role fits, names like those arc likely to get first call. Life Their Own A character actor never is expected to live up to the public conception of a star's life. He does not feel obliged to maintain a huge wardrobe for show purposes, or large automobiles, or large staffs of household help. He can live in a small hcuse or a large one, can entertain simply or elaborately or not at all, but he never has to give a grand scale party. He can keep constantly before the public—playing in seven films on an average to a star's one—and he doesn't have to worry about growing old or losing his manly beauty. "Characters" often improve with age—witness C. Aubrey Smith, who right now is higher in pictures than ever before. There is always the "danger," of course, that a "character" may fall into stardom. The late Marie Dressier, and May Robinson, William Powell, Frank Morgan, Guy Kibbee, to mention a few, did that. LONGHORN CAVERN The third largest cavern in the United States—Longhorn cavern, near Marble Falls, Texas—contains a colossal chamber, electrically lighted and paved, which has been fitted into an underground ballroom and another, a natural cathedral, which has been developed into the world's only underground theatre. | TARIFF MAY AGAIN BE AN ISSUE IN RACE Reciprocal Agreements Recently Negotiated Call for Sharp Reductions. WASHINGTON, May SO.—There are indications that the tariff may return as a substantial political issue as a result of the reciproca agreements which already have been made with about a dozen nations and still are in progress of negotiation by Secretary of State Hull. The last treaty negotlatec called for sharp reductions on 7: items imported into the Unitec States from Prance including wine;, and laces, while concessions as to the French tariff were made on a lesser number of American items. The substantial wine industry of the United States in California New York, Ohio, and other states will not like the wine concession bringing in, at lowered rates, the French product, nor will the New England lace industry be pleased with the concessions allowed France on that product. The general theory of the reciprocity treaties is that the United States shall reduce duties on articles not produced here, while the other countries dealt with shall reduce their duties on American products which they do not produce. Almost from the beginning of the Republic, the tariff has been a major issue. More than a century ago, the Carolinas threatened to secede from the Union because they ob- jectd to a tariff imposed and an army had to be dispatched to prevent that secession. Throughout .he nineteenth century and well ,nto the twentieth the tariff was ;he sharp dividing line between the Republican and Democratic parties. Republicans were in favor of high protective tariffs while Democrats were for free trade at first and, atcr, in favor of tariff for revenue only. When, in the campaign of 1880, Winfield S. Hancock made the statement that "the tariff is a local ssue" the utterance was regarded is preposterous. It was thought to be the major national issue by, ap- :arently, everyone but him. The solid Democratic South opposed a tariff because it was an agricultural community which exported cotton md tobacco very profitably. It had : e w manufacturing industries. Southerners wanted to buy manu- "actured products as cheaply as ;hey could and, on account of the ower wage standard in Europe, such products undersold American manufactures in the absence of a tariff. On the other side the Republicans of the North had no cotton and tobacco monopolies but the North was attempting to build up ts manufactures. Only with tariff protection could wage standards be maintained and the products sold at a profit. The issue was clear cut. Tariff a Local Issue General Hancock's declaration ;hat the tariff was a local issue Droved to be strangely prophetic. The South began building up a iubstantial manufacturing indus- ,ry. Cotton mills furniture fac- ories, steel mills, and many other ndustrial enterprises were started. They were started, of course, in a potty manner. Here and there vould be a manufacturing eom- nunity and, although surrounded by cotton and tobacco fields of the old agricultural South, such communities would send representatives to Congress demanding tariff protection for their particular loca' manufactures. The tariff had, indeed, became a local issue! Tariff protection has become a permanent policy for American manufacturers, largely in the interest of labor. For a long time the American farmer did not care much one way or another about the tariff but, latterly, he has become perhaps the most vociferous of al in his demands for protection, anci it is largely from the rural element that the protests against the reciprocal tariff treaties have come. For example, since the reciprocity treaty with Canada went into effect the first of this year, American dairymen, already somewhat depressed as the result of overproduction, have been overwhelmed by imports of millions of pounds of Canadian cheese on which the American tariff was reduced by the treaty. Canadian cattle, too, are coining in In large numbers. These farmers are not pleased and they are prepared to make a political issue of the tariff, in the form of treaties, equal to the old-time tariff issue. The Department of Agriculture, aware of the situation, has just made a study of competitive and non-competitive imports into the United States, . with special reference to agricultural products. Looking over a ten-year period, from 1925 to 1935, It is found there ahs been an Increase in the imports of competitive products. In 1925, the imports of non-competitive agricultural products amount to $1,339,000,000, while 1m-, ports of competitive products amounted to $1,010,000,000. Competition Is Disturbing For the next few years the volume of non-competitive products exceeded by nearly half a billion the imports of competitive goods. This was all as it should be under the protctive tariff theory. American producers do not care how much comes In from abroad If the same things 'are not produced here. It is to the advantage of the country. But, beginning In 1933 when the farmer was at the lowest ebb, the .mports of competitive products, the tilings the American farmer produced himself, began to exceed ,he imports of non-competitive jroducts. Of course the entire values were nuch lower because of the worldwide decline, but the proportions constitute the important criterion. In 1935, for Instance, imports of non-competitive goods amounted to (483,000,000 but the imports of oods competing with those produced here was $623,000,000. To what extent this substantial balance is favor of competitive goods is due to the Hull treaties would require searching analysis, but there is no doubt that, as shown in the Canadian case which is only a few nonths old, there have been imports of competitive products direct- y traceable to the treaties. Taking a comparison between 1929 and 1935, It is found that, in ,he former year, imports of beverages amount to only $1,800,000, while in 1935 such imports were 542,800,000. This, perhaps, is not a quite fair comparison because, in 1929, prohibition reigned. But the American wine industry thinks that entirely too much foreign wine is coming in. More to the point is the case of edible vegetable oils. In 1929, imports were $15,800,000, while ast year they jumped to $25,500,)00. In 1929, imports of corn were ess than $1,000,000, but in 1935 hey amounted to $20,300,000, and orn is certainly a product which needs no outside help. In 1929, im- ports of tallow were $1,400,000 and last year they were $13,100,000. Imports of barley malt in 1928 were negligible, but In 1935 they amounted to $9,000,000. All these facts are going to prove interesting to the American farmer. To be sure, Congress did not pass reduced tariff bills, fixing new rates on the various items. But Congress did authorize the President, through the Department of State, to negotiate the reciprocal trade treaties. So it looks as though the tariff issue might reenter politics with a will. EUROPE'S NEW ARMIES FAVOR IRISH CHARGERS DUBLIN (IP) —Europe's war talk and military preparedness have boomed the export of Irish-bred horses to figures reminiscent of the days preceding the World war. Despite the .trend to mechanization, leading nations of Europe, particularly Italy, France and Switzerland have bought horses in the Irish market. German army officers recently arrived to purchase 1,000 Irish-bred charagers for Hitler's crack regiments. THIS STEER IS TOUGH DALLAS, May 30.—Among the spectacles of Col. W. T. Johnson's rodeo at the $25,000,000 Texas Centennial Exposition Will be efforts <Jt champion riders to stay on Steer No. 73, which has,been ridden but twice in six years of. effort arid O Whirligig, a mule ' which has never been ridden. The first rodeo will run from June 6, opening day of the Expositipnto June 21. The commercial process of mak- ng gasoline, known as "cracking", was developed about 25 years ago. NO BOOTS AND NO SADDLES! BUT EVERYTHING FOR YOUR CAR AT THE LOWEST PRICES! WE WILL NOT BE UNDERSOLD! We Will Not Under- Sold A FRIENDLY STORE TO SERVE YOU AUTO STORES'! —Formerly— WESTERN AUTO NEEDS COMPANY 100 S. Cuylcr Phone 840 You Save At White's Every Day CtOVI • NEW MEX TEXflS C€NT£NNI-flL 6?G SPRJNG L PRICES TALK \f* EVINE S 1836 it 1936 [GFVOLUinG ¥ TEXflS

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