Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 28, 1970 · Page 8
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 8

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Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Monday, December 28, 1970
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Page 8
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M AHon Evening Telegraph Monday, Dec. 28, 1STO Vetoeiare indicator of president §y CARL T. ROWAN WASHINGTON - n you timnt to know what a President and his ad- fninfetration stand for, don't pay too much attention to State of the Nation addresses to the legislation Presidents claim they are for. Keep an eye on what they veto. It is an old and easy tactic to ask for all manner of laudable laws and programs, then simply never commit enough pressure and prestige to get them enacted. But when a President feels strongly enough to veto a measure passed by Congress, you really learn something about either his personal philosophies or the pressure groups to which he feels most indebted. President Nixon's vetoes of ft half-dozen bills in 1970 provide some insights that millions of Americans will love and many more, will not find heartening. A comparison of Nixon's i vetoes with those of Lyndon B. Johnson ought to be rather enlightening to' voters, especially the young who are inclined to argue that all major parties and candidates are the same, so to hell with the whole establishment. Last January Nixon vetoed a bill appropriating $19.7 billion for fiscal 1970 for the .Departments of Labor and Health, Education, and Welfare, and the Office of Economic Opportunity. He said the funds allocated in excess of what he had requested were inflationary. His veto was sustained. Later Mr., Nixon vetoed a $2.79 billion authorization for H i 11 - B u r t o n hospital construction programs, but Congress overrode him. In August Congress again overrode his veto of a $4.4 billion appropriation for -the poverty program in fiscal 1971. Congress then sustained vetoes of an $18 billion appropriation for Housing and Urban Development, Veterans Administration, and NSA, and of the bill to limit political broadcast spending. It probably will sustain his veto of the bill allotting $9.5 billion to manpower training and employment programs. With one exception (political broadcast spending), every Nixon veto has been a brake on expansion of government action in such social welfare fields as education, fighting poverty, getting work and training for the unemployed and underemployed, and providing better health care for the masses. Johnson vetoed 16 bills and pocketed 14 others in just over five years. None of his vetoes were overridden. In most instances Johnson simply struck down measures, designed to give "relief" to individuals and-or companies making a claim against the government. In 1966, however, Johnson vetoed a D.C. crime bill which he said set up dubious rules for the police and courts but did nothing to improve the quality or quantity of law enforcement. Johnson objected strongly to sections that would have permitted police to question a citizen for four hours without arrest and then six more hours after arrest before going to a judicial officer. He also objected to a section that would permit police to seize any person at the scene of a crime, including the victim, as a material witness — without subpoena or without taking him to a magistrate for six hours. Thus, a citizen could "disappear from sight" for six hours on the whim or the suspicion of a policeman, Johnson complained. So he refused to sign the measure. This kind of tough anli- crime legislation is not vetoed, but encouraged, by the Nixon administration which thinks Democrats tilted the balance against policemen and in favor of criminals. Although the military came to receive a huge share of • the budget under Johnson, he vetoed the Military Authorization Act of 1965 because Congress tried to limit severely the right of the executive branch to close military facilities without advance notification (and 'implied approval) of the armed forces committees of Congress. The two patterns of vetoes •indicate two vastly different lets of priorities, two digsimjlar patterns deciding where a President most forcefully to All these fantastic buys prove it. Matching draperies and bedspreads What a decorating value! Imagine fully lined antique satin draperies at these prices... and with perfectly coordinated bedspreads with low prices to match! Rayon/acetate, in ? pld, olive, peacock, white. Dry clean, inch-pleated draperies fully lined with 100% cotton: 48 x 63" 6 Fully quilted bedspread, acetate fill: $ Twin or Full 12 Matress pads with elastic edge skirt for smooth fit. Sanforized® cotton cover, quilted to polyester fit. 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