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Address all orders to the Sewing Circle Pattern Department, 243 Wesr Seventeenth Street, New York City. September 17 is celebrated throughout the United States as Constitution day, since It was on that date in 1787 that the delegates to the Constitutional convention In Philadelphia finished their work and signed their names to the document under which the United States has been governed for 148 years. What manner of men were these "Fathers of the Republic"? What was their preparation for their great work? Under what circumstances did they bring into existence one of the most Important charters of government in all history? What did they think of the fruits of their labor after they had finished? These and other questions which naturally come to mind as we celebrate Constitution day are answered in this article. By ELMO SCOTT WATSON jT WAS hot In Philadelphia that summer of 17S7—one of the hottest the little city had ever known. And of all its 20,000 inhabitants none suffered more discomfort than a little group of 40 or 50 men who gathered every day In a small room In the State house and sweltering there behind closed windows and closed doors wrestled with the tremendous task of saving a new nation from chaos. For indeed the fortunes of the BRISBANE THIS WEEK Off in the Mountains Communists Would Weep Congress Goes Home Disobedient Twice McCLOUD, CALIF. This Is far off In the mountains- telegraph office closed, you feei like an Incurable "shut in." But Jack Adams is here, an old-time telegrapher who can made a message go from anywhere to anywhere, and find wires to carry It. He will "dig up" Percy Thomas, another old-time telegrapher In the Universal Service office in San Francisco, 850 miles down this unimportant message will go to many newspapers In many cities, just as though It were news from Ethiopia, or some dear little Hollywood lady's explanation of what caused her to separate from "Jack, but we are and always shall be, the best of friends." - T -r^- Improved Uniform ^•national \ SCJtt •J l\Kj V, p J Member of p fl '** 6 WATE R i a *=*5Si}i Lesson for j ^LESSON TEXT _ n GOLDEN TEXT-r, -" Present thvioif '" 41111k a workman i' atapprM « 3 ooi,,,.,.-, . lna ' nttiiut "• ashamed of othy. Ml.! TOPIC Church -Twining ,„ Arthur Brisbane the coast, and Timothy's proper the be given there would be abundant supply (M workers. His father was a Greek n^ REVENGE "I don't care," said the little glr. who had not been invited to thf party, "I'll be even with them." "What will you do?" asked hei mother. "When 1 grow up I'll give a greai big party and I won't Invite anyone. 1 Time Changed A woman asked the ticket agent 01 a small station wlion the 3 o'clock train arrived. The clerk smilingly answered, "At 60 minutes past 2." The woman said, "There, I told Lizzie that the time had beei changed."—Atlanta Constitution. Buried First Girt—Where were you 01 your vacation? Second Girl (listlessly)—No man 1 land. Revenged "So the man who first Introduce you to your wife la dead now?" . "Yes; I saw to that." United States of America had about reached their lowest ebb. Only 15 members, representing seven states, were attending the sessions of. the Continental congress, which was making a futile effort, under the authority given It by the Articles of Confederation, to function as a governing body. Measure after measure was proposed In congress to provide funds for government expenses but most of these failed for lack of the necessary nine votes. Even when the bills were passed the states treated the demands upon them for funds with the greatest Indifference. In fact, a more appropriate name for the nation at that time would have been the Dls- united States of America. The soldiers of the disbanded army which had won the fight for freedom from England were unpaid and In an ugly mood. They wanted their money, long overdue, and large numbers of them camped outside the city and began threatening to stone the building, where the congress was meeting unless their demands were met. Presently the situation became so threatening that the congress had to flee from Philadelphia to Princeton, N. J., where It sat for a while, then went on to New Jork. From New York the congress authorized the holding of a constitutional convention and called on the states to send delegates to such a meeting in Philadelphia "to take into consideration the situation of the United States, to revise the Articles of Confederation and to devise such further provisions as should appear to them necessary to render the Constitution of the federal government adequate to the exigencies of the Union." Each state could send as many delegates as It pleased, since each was to have but one collective vote. Of all the states only Rhode Island, which had been at odds with the federal government almost from the beginning, refused to send any delegates at all and, consistent with Us attitude, It was the last to ratify the Constitution after one was finally adopted. New Hampshire was In favor of the meeting but because of lack of funds Its delegates did not arrive .until the convention was well under way. Altogether 72 of the leading citizens of the 13 states were accredited as delegates although some of them failed or refused to go. Outstanding among the latter was Patrick Henry, the llwy orator of the Revolution, who was suspicious of the purposes of the convention. Or, us he phrased It, "I smelt a rat!" Of the 72 accredited delegates, 55 took part In the deliberations of the convention at one time or another but only 39 stayed on the Job until the end. They were the following: CONNECTICUT—Roger Sherman and William S. Johnson. DELAWARE—Richard Bassett, Gunning Bedford, Jr., Jacob Broom, John Dickinson and George Read. GEORGIA—Abraham Baldwin and William soil, Thomas Mlfflln, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris and James Wilson. SOUTH CABOLINA-PIerce Butler, Charles Plnckney, Charles 0. Plnckney and John Rudledge. VIRGINIA—John Blair, James Madison and George Washington. Of this number more than half, 21, were lawyers. Six are classified as "statesmen," three were farmers, landowners or planters, three were merchants, two bankers or "financiers," one an educator, two physicians and one a soldier Most of them were well educated. Nine of them had studied In the Inner Temple or the Middle Temple in England, one at Oxford under Blackstone and two in Scottish universities. Half of the delegates were graduates of American or European colleges, three were professors and one, Dr. William S. Johnson, was president of Columbia college, on leave of absence to act as delegate from Connecticut. Moreover It was a convention ot young men The patriarch Benjamin Franklin was then eighty-one years old, but 20 of the 55 were under forty years of age. Jonathan Dayton of New Jersey was the "baby" of the convention—only twenty-seven years old. Charles Plnckney, who submitted the first draft of the Constitution, was only two years his elder. Alexander Hamilton of New York, destined to play a leading role In the convention but a more important one In securing the ratification of the Constitution, was barely thirty, and James Madison, who would become known as the "Father of the Constitution," was thirty-six. John Marshall, then only thirty-two years old was not a delegate to the convention. But because of his part in securing the ratification of the Constitution and the work he did as chief Justice of the United States later In Interpreting It and strengthening the federal foundations of the government by means of it, he Is entitled to a high place among the "Makers of the Constitution." MARYLAND—Daniel Carroll, Daniel Jenifer and James McHenry. R| J^S|j.CHUSETTS-Nathaniel Gorman and NEW HAMPSHIRE-Nlcholas Gllman and John Langdon. NEW JERSEY-Davtd Breasley, Jonathan Dayton, William Livingston and William Patterson. NEW YORK—Alexander Hamilton. NORTH OAROLlNA-WlUiam Blount. Richard >• Spalgbt and Hugh Williamson. PENNSYLVANIA-George Clymer, Thomas '""" ~ Benlamln Franklin^ Jared Inger- The date set for the opening of the convention was the second Monday in May. The roads of that time were poor and travel was expensive and slow, so it was not until two weeks later that the first meeting was held. The convention met formally for the first time en Friday, May 25, although only a few more than half the delegates had arrived by that time. Seven states were represented at this meeting! according to one authority; according to another, there were nine. Whatever the number, those present got down to business at once by electing a presiding officer. Benjamin Franklin, because of his age and the fact that this was his home city, was the logical choice for this position but he graciously waived that honor and suggested the choice of George Washington, the late commander in the struggle for liberty. Washington's election was unanimous and he presided throughout the convention with his usual dignity. His chair was on a raised platform and ft was a rule of the sessions that the members should stand at their places, upon adjourning, until he had preceded them from the room. Occasionally the great Virginian yielded the chair and took the floor as a Virginia delegate to express his views on the question at issue. On Monday, May 28, the convention entered upon the business for which It had been called and from that time until September 17 these men struggled dally with their great task in that stuffy room in the old State house, suffering ter. ribly from the heat an I—it must be admitted!— also suffering from weariness with the long speeches of some of the delegates. One of them actually spread bis speech over a period ot two days, to the disgust of his audience, and while others were not so long-winded as he, they made up for It by the frequency with which they spoke. Debate, argument, controversy, bitterness over clashing personalities and viewpoints— all of these characterized the convention which finally produced the Constitution of the United States Nor was the sultry weather conducive to serenity and Judicial consideration of momentous problems. More than once the convention threatened to break up and If it had it might have meant the end of the federal union. But more than once wise old Ben Franklin acted as peacemaker and saved the situation. Once he tided the convention over a deadlock by suggesting that the delegates seek guidance in prayer. This brought from Hamilton the caustic remark that "no foreign aid was needed " a remark that was something of a fling at Franklin s well-known fondness for the French When another crisis came Franklin suggested a tern- porary adjournment and along with the recess came a proverbial drop In the temperature In which tempers cooled both literally and flgura- The greater part of the controversy revolved ?he U V?r ? I''' , PHnClPal PlanS ° f e°vernment- the Virginia plan, sponsored by Madison, which safeguarded the rights of the states; the New York plan, sponsored by Hamilton, which looked to a strong centralized federal government; and the New Jersey plan, which was In the nature of n compromise between the two. Eventually he substance of the Virginia plan, with Is 15 "resolutions" expanded to 23, won out On July 20 the convention turned over the Job of making a final draft of the complete Con- stitutlon to a "committee on detair- and ad Journed until August 20. While doing this the committee embodied some suggestions of its own o the'r l°a C bT nt ; ^ ^ de ' egales return ™ to their labors, studying and debating every line and every sentence with the greatest care L n* exact definitions wherever nee Sry mSk Se alterations and compromising differences^ phraseology. Finally it was Turned over to a "comml tee on style" which polished up the Phraseology Out of that committee, headed by Gouverneur Morris, came the sonorous "Wethe People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, etc." Later the final draft of the Constitution was gone over again for there were still opposed to one or another aspect of i to be This is a city that would make a good Communist gnash his teeth, shatter them, hurry to Lenin's tomb, mumble Marxian prayers and butt his head against the walls of the Kremlin. First, the whole city belongs to the lumber company. Nobody else owns or can own a house or any other property. But no worker is Idle, rents are low, prices In the company store are lower than-in any big city, and for mountain climbing your narrator bought wonderful heavy socks, striped alternately'red, white and blue, patriotic enough to make a true Communist mount his soap bos and ask the crosvd, if any, what the world is coming to. It is good news that congress has gone home at last, really and truly gone home to stay, heaven permitting, until early nest spring. Until the flre is out, and you coun) the furniture carried out on tha lawn, you cannot know just what the flre has 'done to you. This session of congress seems to have berfn a pretty good flre. The San Francisco Examiner tells you that congress spent, in its short life, Just $10,256,258,928.06, or spelled out, mo her a believing Je^^ mother's s!ue at least, *1 godly ancestry. Usually ence of the mothe A pious mother and a plom mother were back A wise and faithful grandmother carefully n n God's Word. Through Ing, he knew the Scriptures to, childhood. The faith which i to him from his grandi ten billion two hundred and fifty- six millions two hundred and fifty- eight thousand nine hundred and twenty-eight dollars and six cents. Who do you suppose got the six cents? Congress disobeyed the President only twice in the session. The senate refused to put this country in the World court. Can you Imagine what the World court would do to us now, in connection with this Ethiopian marauding expedition? Second, congress in both houses, overrode the supposed wish of the President by passing a neutrality resolution, making it mandatory for the President to forbid shipments of ammunition to any nation at war. Ethiopian rains are ending for this year and Mussolini is ready to go shopping for African land. France and England, now virtuously Indignant, have taken almost everything, but the cool, high tablelands of Ethiopia offer good territory for Italians. To other nations Mussolini says: "Keep your hands off unless you want a war In Europe. Let me do my fighting In Africa. Know when you are well off." He knows that France wants no war; that England, still digesting the anaconda supper of the last war, could not send her young men to war, even If she were foolish' enough to want war. The young men would not fight. You know, now, why Mussolini assembled half a million fighting men, that could not possibly be needed for an Ethiopian foray that airships can attend to. He wanted Europe to know that he was ready for a real war if anybody wanted Itv, , —" feiaumj through his mother did not through the laws of heredity through careful training and It, ing. Grace Is not received t; H laws of heredity. The factor^ volved In his training were a ancestry, a home where GDI. ., feared, and a diligent study ol« Scriptures. III. Timothy's Call (Actsft While on his second journey in company with .. Paul found Timothy at Ljstiu Derbe. Perhaps he had beea t verted on Paul's first miss. journey, but, hearing a favotaW port of him by the brethren, P circumcised him so as not toofL the Jews because his father MI] Greek. This was not contrarylj the decision of the Jerusalem c ell. It was a case where cool tion could be made without coup mlse of truth. IV. Timothy's Character. 1. Of a retiring disposition I """"""''" J the United States of * Wtittrn Ntwipaptr Uoloa, California's vigilante attack on extreme radicals is thoroughly organized under a central command, with details of hand-picked rifle marksmen, intelligence squads, and strong armed squads. The American Civil Liberties union will bring suit on behalf of alleged Communists, tarred and feathered, and offers $1,000 reward for the conviction of any vigilant of felony. The vigilantes declare their Intention to wear no masks or disguise, saying, "We shall pick up our men In broad daylight "The whoto country is behind us." More Interesting than anything In the northern part of California, onlj 60 miles from the Oregon border, Is tall, enow-covered Mount Shasta, rising toward the sky more than 14,000 feet. When you travel be sure to visit tout mountain. Tim. 1:6). He had received a | from God at the hands of tie a ties, but It needed to be stirred. that Is, fanned into a flame. Sodij temperament would mature In I ' with a great personality like I 2. Courageous (II Tim. 2iU| Having been stirred up, he in freed from the spirit of fearaodl liberate!}' Identified himself rt Paul In his suffering and Irlab, 3. Faithful. He continued li I' difficult field of Ephesus diii many years. He was really tk| only man of the needed fldelltjl minister to the Phlllpplans "" 2:20). The secret of Us t-.- : . ness in such a position wai li| fidelity to the Word of God. V. Timothy's Ministry. . 1. As fellow missionary with Ml (Phil. 2:22). .1 2. As pastor of the church nl Ephesus. Here he labored tor null years, tactfully meeting the din* ties of that great church, IV. Christian minister must bellereul the Scriptures as God's Word iu| be able to rightly divide themutfl to meet the need of those who IMII him. VI. Paul's Farewell Timothy (II Tiru. 1:1-11. Personal relationship (TT.WI Timothy was Paul's spiritual Ml therefore a peculiar love mat Wl to him. This strong affection »l a vital factor la Influencing I»I othy's life. 2. Paul's deep Interest In (vv. 3-5). a. Prayer for him. While' oner in a lonely dungeon, of Timothy and prays for n» b. Longed to see him. U*'-! veals the vital reciprocal between Paul and Timothy,'" also Paul's Inner self. He*"*I tensely human. ^i 8. Gives Timothy Earnest WIP»| (vv. 6-14). .I/HUM a. To stir up the divine gWW in him (vv. 0, 7). lo stir UP """.I to fan into flame. the Christian worker cy to wane and, therefore, be constantly stirred up. b. Be not ashamed (vv,, t must be willing to suffer tw- 4 for Christ's sake. ^1 c. Hold fast the essential BW| of the gospel (vv. 1* means Hhe fundamental Christianity, including the BC tion, atonement, resurrection^ coming again of Jesus doctrines have been God's servants as Servants of Christ are <* the solemn obligation ol them as the shepherd g sheep or the soldier * has been committed unto Better Tbo«» hu A single gentle rain grass many shades prospects brighten better thoughts.
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