Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois on October 15, 1941 · Page 1
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Sterling Daily Gazette from Sterling, Illinois · Page 1

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Wednesday, October 15, 1941
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LOCAL FORECAST {By The WMTTHT STERLING DAILY GAZETTE Outstanding Community Daily for Wfiitesid* ond Adjoining Counties PALIS Itlt «. S. B«re»9 tnUHa territory «*ttas»t«<8 er^r HuMM EIGHTY-SEVENTH YEAR—No. 90 Poll Lessed Wira Associated Press STERLING, ILLINOIS. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1941 Member ot the And» PRICE FIVE CENTS Reds Now Aided By Bad Weather, Invaders Concede CIO Calls Off Strike Crippling Tank Output New Deal Double Dealing President Roosevelt announced Tuesday that help for Britain >went forward at the rate of $155,000,000 during last month. That looks like a very larpe sum. The average man who doesn't stop to think will consider that this is payinp 9!? the proffered kassistance very rapidly. But if you stop^and do a few minutes! of figuring and considering, youj will discover that at that rate! It would take about four years! to pay off the first seven bil-' Illon voted to Britain. You will also discover that it will take 32 years at the same rate of payment to hand to Britain the -60 billion dollars that have been granted to the New Deal ad|ministration as a war fund, as ft peace fund, or as a fund to help Britain and save America, If the New Dealers desire to con- alder it that kind of a gift. DETROIT— 'APi—R J. Thomas, i RinninR with 1 iprr>:rirr.: of thf CIO United Auto-' morning every ; mobile Worker?, .said today the union -.f 4 s. m. shift this ^•orker who did not have a union card showing his dues U. S. to Requisition Idle Metal Stocks Needed in Defense Japanese Militarists Continue Agitation for Drive Against Soviet I hod railed of! a strike at the Hills-! paid up. but non-union men were al- Idale Siftl Products Co.'s plant at the 'request of the defeat mediation board. The action ends a dispute. 'which t:ed up an estimated 70 per cent of army tank production. - • The L'AW chief said however, theie •ttf.ilri he further negotiations with the mediation board in Washington. Efforts to settle the dispute in conferences in HiILsdale struck a snag Monday night. Production of By DeW'itt Mackenzie Moscow's very rrril danser has born IncreasM still further by the launching of a violent nazl attack asnlnst the big Industrial city of Production of tank transmissions Kalinin, which llr.s only 95 milRSjby the Spicer Manufacturing Co. northwest of the capital on the main j of Toledo. Ohio, has been halted for Leningrad-Moscow railway where ! two dn>s by the dispute. The Hills- In other words, any loyal American, who really is willing to help England within reasonable limits, yet Is not willing to ~™waste billions of good American dollars, will be compelled to come Ho the conclusion that the New Deal administration is moving Very slowly. If only $155,000,000 of help was sent to England in • month after nearly a year's preparation, certainly Germany Iwill lick Russia, turn around and attack Britain, before the Unite'd States gets started to help. That Is the situattion as it stands today. Every time Hitler throws OTf one of his propaganda ^whoops," the New Deal gets •cared and runs to its congress an rf miles for another three or Jive or six billion dollars to save America. Every such request has ' been granted with .lightnlnglike )ipeed, as though Hitler were al- teady at our doors. The senate and congress of the United States have shown that they are cowards, and almost en- ttlrely lacking in backbone. They not only give the New Deal bil~ Horn upon billions, ten times as fait as the New Deal can use it, «r spend it, or waste it, but they aahamed of their course be- tbejr do not take a ^rote, ept a "viva voce" vote; In Other words they are ashamed to f o on record. A day or two ago, and often before, out of over 500 representatives, not over \M or 30 members voted '.'aye" on the appropriation of billions, and fiot a single member went on ncord as having voted at all. It is this sort of double deal- ling and fooling the public that gets under the hide of thoughtful people and makes them object to the wasting of billions --Without even a record vote. Those who are willing to help England, |0any millions of them, are not .Willing to accept the many _de| lay* and the slow methods that are being used to get the neces- . fttry equipment across to those who are battling against Hitler's i light for world domination. At the present rate of progress, at the present foolish waste of billions, at the present slow "movements of the New Deal administration, Hitler will have time to ruin every government In Europe or Asia before any real help, so loudly "touted" here, get to the Allies on the other •Me. The New Deal handles our I national business on a play boy i, and the Lord help us and •II the Allies if the same slow •hd wasteful methods are used all the peoples who are wanting to stop Hitler. The American people would not be w critical of the New Deal ^administration, if in the two fttrau of its leadership it had Hot demonstrated that it does i apt awm to know anything except to. waste the money so liberally donated. Npt_only that, but this New Deal la constantly aiming to fool the public, getting the big sums Wider false pretenses, and playing into the hands of the tax- eaters of the nation who have •BO politics and mighty few prin- aiples when a sackful of public 1 Money is placed at their disposal. Their chief aim seems to be to fool the public, and to call everybody a "Hitlerite" who points Oflt their double dealing. hat line cu'.s the Volga river. I dale firm, a subsidiary of the Spicer This means that the Germans'are I company, manufactures parts used attempting to hammer open this In the transmission assembly. gateway through the Important bulwark which the great river affords UAW-CIO declared the strike in Hillsdale in protest against the al- the capital. The fall of Kalinin j ledged ejection from the plant of a would create a grave position lor the I score of CIO employes by members of the rival UAW-AFL. The Hillsdale Strel Products Co. has an exclusive bargaining agreement with the AFL union. defense. At the same time the Germans claim to have captured Tula, 100 miles south of Moscow. Thus the attacking nazi crescent before the beleaguered metropolis continues to draw tighter and reach out its encircling arms like a great octopus. The reds are ground stubbornly. GARY MILL PICKETED GARY. IND. — (AP)—The CIO Steel Workers Organizing Commit- dofending their'tee started peaceful picketing of the Carnegie-IIlIn6U Steel corporation's Meanwhile the much-publicized weather finally Is giving them some relief. Berlin itself today admits that bad weather and the mud developed from the sjiow and sleet arc impeding operations and from now on will be the greatest enemy of the nazi soldiers. The fighting is furious, and reports indicate that the loss of life is terrible. I can't get out of my mind the Berlin story that in one sector the nazl troops drove over the bodies of red soldiers who fell as they advanced in lines 15 deep against the invaders. The stark bravery of that Muscovite sacrifice is deeply moving. Japan StiU Deliberating The Far East remains a spot to watch. The Japanese appear to be conUnulng-to-worry-for-fear-they are missing a grand opportunity to attack Russia while Hitler's pressure against the reds is GO great. However, anxiety over what Uncle Sam might do keeps showing itself and may be the chief deterrent to a move by Japan against Siberia. The Tokyo newspaper Chugal Shogyo pleads for new efforts to prevent a clash between the United States and Japan. The paper then naively discloses what really is in its heart by saying that the United States needn't be greatly affected if the European war U extended to the Far East, but that "Japan will face great pain." That would seem to be a pie* for us to keep hands off In event Japan should decide that this is the appointed hour for an attack on Russia. Norris Symbol of Trend This column ventured the view the other day that Japan Is playing with fire when it entertains such ideas. I had a very definite reason for this suggestion but hesitated to state it. Now. however, along comes Senator Norris of Nebraska and takes the lid off for me. x < The senator in discussing the danger of war between Japan and the United States in the event of Hitler's defeat of Russia, declared that he was "not so sure that-war with Japan would be a bad thing for us." Now that isn't the first time by a long shot that I've heard that same idea voiced in recent-weeks. It's surprising the number of people who are quite ready to subscribe to a war with Japan, even though they are against entanglement in the European conflict, or are at least doubtful whether we should go beyond our lease-lend aid. In all instances the opinion is expressed that the Japanese policy is harmful to this country and that Japan is deliberately—inviting—trouble which we might as well settle now as ever. If there is any moral in all this for Japan, it perhaps Is that a word to the wise is sufficient. If Tokyo has seen the evidences of the feel- Senator Nonis, ing, as voiced by then Japan has a very hot Up In advance of any contingency. THE WEATHER (By The Associated Pressr For Chicago and vicinity: Fair tonight; Thursday partly cloudy and warmer, near 100 per cent sun- ahine this afternoon and Thursday. Further outlook: Showers and cooler Thursday night or Friday. Illinois: Fair to partly cloudy tonight and Thursday, preceded by cloudy WARMER In extreme south tonight. Cooler in southeast and ex treme south portions tonight; warro- er Thursday. Iowa: Fair, warmer In west and north tonight; Thursday increasing cloudiness, warmer in southeast, cooler. In northwest; light showers in west portion by afternoon. "Just a sample of the misrepre- a»ntatiotts to fool the public, a dispatch from Moscow states that tbe Red army has been receiving MOO planes a month from Amere. That figure Is much higher Fijian the entire production of '•> Wanes in this country at this Cm*. LOCAL 112 nooji— 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. nt. 7 p. m. 8 p. m 9 p. m. 10 p. m. 11 p. m. TKMFeBATURES Masonic Officers Seated CHICAGO — (AP) — Karl J. ot Rockiord. 111. was installed vrand niayr of the ftnmd Uatou* of Illinois *i toe 65 66 64 63 64 60 56 56 M 51 49 47 12 midnight 1 a. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. 2 a. 4 a 5 a 6 7 S 9 10 11 in. m. 46 47 46 46 45 46 44 46 48 55 60 63 closing session of the organization's annual meeting. Other officers, elected yesterday, Included Stuart £. Pierson, CarraiHon. deputy grand master, and Fred J. Mills, Robinson, junior grand Gary works today with the object of Inducing every employe to become a union employe in good standing, John Mayerik. president of the Gary SWOC unit, had ordered pickets to keep from the mill bc- lowed to enter the plant after union officials agreed with Federal John W. Slick In South Bend that no force would be used. A petition by non-union men ask- triR a re-straining order BRalnst picketing of the Gary plant was withdrawn after a conference with JiKlee Slick today. Harry Sharav- sky of Gary, attorney for the nonunion men. 5Aid the petition would IK re-flled should violence result. Fnf.torr Employ* 22,000 This factory, with a force of 22,000. U the blRscr*t of three owned by Gary United States Steel corporation subsidiaries which employ 35,000 persons. These plants lately have been turning out steel products estimated to amount to 100,000 tons a week. Frank Girder, the union's Gary sub-district director, said the object of the picketing was to make the Gary works "100 per cent CIO" in a step toward the union shop. In which every new employe would be required to Join the SWOC throughout "blf? cteel." The 170 men on the police force of Ulte city of 112.000 population had assignments from Chief William J Linn to be on the job when plcket- WASHINGTON—f APi—A nqulry committee heard today that he government was preparing to move spwdilv to take over large tocks of critical defense metals— some of them "undoubtedly" owned by axis citizens—in this country- Donald M. Nelson. OPM priorities director, told the senate defense in- estigatlng committee that machinery now was being set up for the uelzure of idle stocks of copper and other rrretals under a bill recently igned by President Roosevelt. He said an OPM Investigation of nventoriea had disclosed an in- tance where 1.378,000 pounds of oppcr had been stored in warehouses since 1938. He said there was no doubt that some of the metal thus kept out of ordinary channels of Industry was "owned by the axis pow- rs." Under ing began. Union leaders said it was" their plan to allow enough workers into (Continued on page fourteen) Army Chief Urges More Aid to Allies To Hasten Peace For Moscow Drive, Senate Hearing Told •WASHINGTON — <AP> — General George C. Marshall was reported today to have told a senate subcommittee that the German armies were paying a price In materiel for tremendous the ground gained in the drive on Moscow. This information was said to have figured in the testimony which the army chief v of staff gave when he appeared before the ap- proprlaUons mhiwnmltUe which h considering the new $S.M5,000.000 lease-lend bill. The committee members had questions about the military outlook oh the eastern front, but Marshall avoided any predictions on Russia's chances for success in stemming the great nazi offensive now In progress. On much the same topic, however. President Roosevelt remarked yesterday that he saw nothing in the present Russo<-Oerman military situation to cause him to doubt the success on the United States' lease- lend program. The President told his press conference that^ he^nad no idea yet whether'""Russia would require assistance under the program, and would not know until he received the report of W. Averell Harriman. head of the "United States delegation to the recent tri -partite conference in Moscow, who is now on his way home. While General Marshall refrained from forecasts on the outcome of the current nazi bid for victory in Russia, he was reported to have told-the senate committee that those who were evaluating the long-range effects of jthe ^current campaign found encouragement in the fact that the bitter fighting was using up German war equipment rapidly. In this connection, the chief of staff was said to have urged the committee to speed its consideration of the proposed new appropriation, asserting that the acceleration of American armament production for nations fighting Hltlerlssa was bound to have Its effect in abort ening the war. The committee also was informed yesterday that the Soviet Union thus far has paid cash for the supplies which President Roosevelt said were being speeded to Russia, but committee members said it was made plain that even if the U. 8. 8. R. n out of money, there would be no break in the flow af material. CoHiolk Clergy Votes Agoinst Joining Foreign Shooting War NEW YORK—(AP)—The Catholic laymen's committee for peace an-> nounced today that 91 1-2 per cent of 13,155 Roman Catholic clergymen replying to a questionnaire circulated by the official Catholic directory voted against the United States entering a shooting war outside the western hemisphere. Opposition to aiding Soviet Russia was voted by W.I per cent. The poll was conducted by -the Catholic laymen's committee for peace through the directory and replies were sent direct to a certified public accountant who tabulated the vote. Additional Cut Ordered In Production of Autos WASHINGTON — (AP)—Leon Henderson. OPM civilian supply director, today ordered a reduction of "at least" 51 per cent in passenger automobile production In January, 1943, compared with the January, 1941 output. The slash, together with others .previously ordered to conserve de-- fense materials, means an over-all reduction of at least 36.3 per cent in pas&enger car production for the first six months of the model year which began August 1. Henderson emphasized that the January quota, which permits a maximum outjpat of TOMH8 cars compared with 41S.350 produced in January, 1941, could not be guaranteed to the Industry since sufficient materials might not be available. Difficulties in obtaining steel, especially strip steel. Indicated that production actually would fall beta* the maximum att, be said. the witness explained, the government will attempt to purchase these metal stocks at fair prices. Falling that, the metal will be seized and payment fixed by the government, subject to subsequent court appeal. Nelson told the committee that here was a prospective copper shortage reaching well Into 1943. There would have to bt, he added, a very severe curtailment" of domestic copper use in order to meet defense demands. Bteel uses also will have to be curtailed, he said, adding that he; ooked tor a shortage of $.000.000 tons of steel for all needs in 1M2. In response to a question. Nelson declared that "bootleKlng Is going on" In critical materials but- that the supply priorities and alloca- Jons board, of which he is executive director, was seeking to prevent t A check now is being made of 1,100 aluminum foundries, he testified, to ascertain whether there is bootlegging in that metal He said that efforts were being made to assure an adequate supply of steel alloys for making farm Implements. "I think it-would be-terrible," I^el- son mnarked, "if we ever, for lack . ot agricultural implements, had to food ' Husking Contests' Bongboords to Rattle Today in 6 Counties TONICA, ILL. — tAP) — Theodore Schafer's cornfields are in "fairly good condition" and might be entirely dried_out_Jby the end of the month, but heavy October rains are worrying Illinois farmer* with ambitions to get Into the doubleheader state and national corn husking contests. In more than 40 counties, men who scorn mechanical pickers are getting ready to enter county husking contests and attempt to win places among the 16 who will compete for the state title on Schafer's Eden township farm Oct. 31. Already the Douglas county contest has been postponed, from yesterday until today, by heavy rains 'tha~t~haw~se~t October records ' several parts of Illinois. County competition was scheduled on a half dozen fronts today in Green, Kane, Woodford, Marshall- Putnam, Adams and Douglas counties. The condition of Schafer's corn is doubly Important this year. For the first time, state and national con* test* will be held on the same farm with the national on Nov. 3 to bring together the fastest and cleanest buskers from 11 corn belt states. There has been a lot of rain In La Saue county recently, but Bchafer says his corn Is In good condition and that toe Held to be used for the lUioato contest Is In better snap* than the tree* whew ttw naUotja entrants will rattle the baagboarttt three days biter. If it si to be a wet year for the state and national doubteheaoer. the boys will get practice in thec aunty competition. Mud underfoot isn't the blCTesthandlcsp-What really J»then the huskera is rain-soaked husks, making It difficult to break off the ears and strip off husks at a championship pace of M to W ears a minute. So far only the Hatt county contest has been held, with Leaman White of Deuwd winning Saturday with a local record of 44 J bushels In to minutes despite dampness. State Champion Ecu& .Vaughan o. Platt county, who automatically qualified for the state tdurnament practiced Saturday and turned in an unofficial 4553 bushel load bu said be hadn't put on the steaja. Firt Sweeps Warehouse CHICAGO—(AP)~Plr<meii using Two questions were asked of the special equipment fought flame and 34.616 clergy on the mailing Hit. * smoke more Iftan two hours early "Do you favor the United States! today before bringing under contiol engaging in s shooting war outside} an extra-alarm fire that swept a the western hemisphere?" Of the 13,155 jtplylng, 13,931 said "no." "Are you In favor of the United States aiding the communistic Rus* sian government?" To this 11,MQ replied "No." four story furniture warehouse in the Goose island Industrial district Fire Commissioner Michael J. Corrigan estimated damage at $100, oao. i Cardiuftii, archbishop*, bishops' not polled. and army and navy chapiatoi Some Owned by Axis Citizens, 0PM Aide Tells Senate Hearing a new requisitioning law, Steel Clows on the Roods to Moscow An estimated three million German soldiers air pushing relentlessly toward Moscow in the face of bitter Russian resistance, reports from both sides indicated today. In the northwest the Russians conceded hazis were hammering approaches to Kalinin. 95 miles from the capital. In their drive from the south the Germans claimed to have captured Tula, munitions center, 100 miles from Moscow. Farther north and west, nazl forces were believed in London to have driven as far as Mozhaisk, only 60 miles west of Moscow. Another German force was thought to have engulfed Rzhev. 125 miles from the Soviet capital. Berlin acknowledged strong red army counter-attacks at the northern and southern flanks of the front, evidently designed to ease pressure on the capital. Moscow Civilians Start fleeing East for Safety Argentina Accepts U. S. Trade Treaty Poet Hailed as Signal Diplomatic Triumph WASHINGTON — (AIM — Argentina and the United States entered a new phase of commercial collaboration today by virtue cfa broad trade pact climaxing the "on again, off again" negotiations of 72 years. The treaty was signed in Buenos Aires last nlgnt toy United States Ambassador Norman Armour and Argentine Foreign Minister Rute Quinazu. It gave Argentina freer entry Into this country of such staple products as canned corn beef, hides and wool. It assured, the United States of continued "most favored nation" treatment in the shipment of automobiles, refrigerating machinery, and gadgets without number to the rich agrarian republic to the south. However, these advantages were considered by close observers of Latin American affairs to be minor in comparison to the psychological impact of the agreement The fact that Argentina and the (By The Associated Press) A fiercely-driven new menace to Moscow was acknowledged today by the red army, which declared the Germans were swarming forward over their own heaped dead In a mighty attempt to turn the capital's Volga river defense flank near Kalinin, 95 miles northwest of Moscow. Admitting that the nazl masses of men and steel still surged forward. Red Star, organ of the Soviet army, said nevertheless that German parachutist* seeking a foothold be* hind the Russian lines bad been wiped out and that iloecow's grim defenders had pinched off wedges thrust deep into their lines. Some of the parachutists were said to have been trapped behind the Kalinin line where armored units had smashed to the approaches of the city. Directly west of Moscow, other German forces were reported in Lon- United BUtes had at last reached satisfactory trade ac- as significant, since cord for generations the two republics pave stood at the opposite diplomatic poles loggerheads. when not actually at Argentina Is a prideful, weU organised republic, traditionally Itatnn of her influence in South and often erttkal of United States Wg htiitnees methods In the rest el Latin Amsrka The United States frequently has sought Argentine collaboration, but until the present "good neighbor" era has sought to Impost her own terms. There was some criticism by those who contended the treaty would injure the farmers of the agricultural midwest and 'stock-raising west. Senator Butler (R-Neb) declared that producers of beef cattle-, dairy products, wool and flaxseed were again to be "sacrificed under the time-worn excuse of .a national emergency." Banker Predicts Fall Of U. S. Capitalism If Inflation Continues CENTRALIA. ILL. — (AP) — "If we have serious currency inflation at the end of this war, It will almost certainly result in the destruction of the capitalistic system." a St. Louis banker predicted here yesterday. To control Inflation, W. L. Gregory, vice president of the Plaza bank at St. Louis, advocated the main- tainance of taxes at a 'level "to absorb all purchasing power not necessary to sustain decent standards of living for the people of the nation." "These standards cannot include the purchase of heavy consumer goods such as automobiles and refrigerators until the defense program * Is completed, 1 * he told the bankers of Group Nine of .the Illinois Bankers association in convention here. "Wnen nur income reaches 100 billion dollars, it may be necessary for us to set aside SO bullon for the war effort. Such amount should be taken in taxes but might be taken by thf sale of bonds direct to savers. Unless this money is taken away from consumers, Inflation certainly will be the result." Other means of combatting inflation, he said. Included giving the federal reserve more power for credit control and giving more support to Leon Henderson and his. office in direct control over prices and the handling of priorities. Group of fleers ehesen at the meeting Included T. Q. Braden of Cep- tralia president. C. A. Heuigensteln of Belleville, vice president. Okey Miller of National Stockyards treasurer, and William E. Friend of Okawville secretary. don to have rolled half way from Vyazma toward the capital, and to the south the German press said the munitions-making town of Tula. 100 miles from Moscow, had fallen to the tightening* nazl semi-circle. The Germans declared that the mop-up after the gigantic encirclement battles of Bryansk anti Vyaz- ma was so nearly completed that vast additional forces—perhaps nun dreds of thousands of troops—were being released and rushed on east to bolster the big push on the capital itself. Moscow's streets were crowded as alt of IU population not needed for fighting or war work streamed east toward safety. The city was bombed in a brief morning air raid. Red Star declared the red army's position the most critical of the war. and a high-ranking neutral observed in London commented: "Hitler for the first time in two years of war has thrown every available gun and tank Into one attack. If he falls to take Moscow or destroy the Russian armies In the present drive—and he well may fail —Germany is finished until spring and might well have lost the war. British BUM Germany Anew Britain, under pressure to create a atverslofl~front"in~the~ westrbat- tered steadily at Germany from the air, and London sources asserted the R. A. F. offensive^ was compelling 'Oermahy'-'to' keep r mo«r than 50 per cent of her fighting planes In the west, easing the strain on the red air fleet. "The heavy R. A. F. offensive against Germany's western front is bringing aid to.Russia on a scale which few imagine," the British air ministry news service declared. British airmen struck at southern Germany last night. The-air ministry reported loss of four aircraft in the attacks and one In daylight operations yesterday. "Despite Germany's belltUement of the results of the R. A. F.'s Increased activities," the news service said, "she has found it essential to use more than half her fighter strength—not against Russia at the times of the greatest military effort In history—but In defense against the R. A. F. upon the western front, the very existence of which her propaganda has always been at pains Lincoln Mural Sketches Assailed at Belleville BELLEVILLE. ILL. — (AP) — Proposed murals of Abraham Lincoln in BeUevUVe Junior...high school were criticised today as depicting the Civil war president with oversized bauds and bow legs. A group of _ » charged two df the sample drawings approved by the board of education had hands -'nn i iT"ttf to the point of deformity," "They are not products of art but are caricatures which do not represent Lincoln as he was," protested W. R. Weber, an attorney. Work on the murals showing Lincoln as a youthful rail splitter ia to frfgt" next month* legion Post dulfage* National Convent Vote CHAMPAIGN. ILL. — (AP)~The Champaign American Legion poet. No. 24. was on record today as urging its national organisation to conduct a referendum on the foreign relations policies recently approved at the national convention in Milwaukee. : : A resolution adopted at a meeting last night stated "only a fraction of the delegates" were present and voting on policies "which ait completely contrary to every previous expression of the members," It added: "The national organisation of the American Legion hat taken undue authority in presenting such changes without due content of tfes members." to deny. The raids last night marked the fifth consecutive night in which British bombers had struck at German targets. Nasai M Mites f ran Mescew Authoritative Informants In London said It was possible that the German drive on Moscow from the northwest already had engulfed Rahev. 135 miles from the capital, and that the push past Vyasma apparently had carried as far as Mo- zhaisk, 60 miles west of Moscow. The Russians acknowledged that the northwestern fighting had moved in to the approaches of Kalinin, on the upper Volga defense line 95 milee northwest of the capital. This." said Red Star, organ of the Soviet army, "complicates the situation at the front which Is now more serious than at any time. Moscow Is in danger " The newspaper declared the Germans were determined to take the city at any cost, but pledged anew that it would foe saved, however fierce the onset. German military spokesmen said their forces were squeezing Moscow tighter but reported strong red army counter-attacks at the northern and of tQC front—St- taeks ptrhajK designed to relieve the German- .pressure on the capital. The Russians were said to have hurled their heaviest tanks into a powerful counter-thrust on the southern flank. In the north. German spokesmen said, the Russians were beaten back after a strong attempt to fight their way across a lake In a w> omn'i* land between tha battle Unes, Neutrality Revision Gets Right of Way In Lower Chamber House Chiefs Expect Vote Friday to Okeh Arming Merchantmen WASHINGTON — CAP) — Secretary Knox said today that the navy was ready to put pins and gun crews on merchant ships "as fast as the ships come to us" once congress authorizes such action. Knox spoke as the house rules commlttpe granted parliamentary right of way to legislation lifting the neutrality act's ban against arming the ships. Earlier in the day the foreign affairs committee approved the proposal. 'We're satisfied now we can get enough guns to arm the ships" Knox told a press conference. The navy secretary explained that while there were not enough guns immediately on hand to arm all ships at once, guns would be available as rapidly as ships could be brought into port to receive them. He asserted also that the arming of merchantmen was a highly effective method of protecting them against both aerial and submarine raiders. He said that had been the experience of the British already in this war, that armed British cargo ship* had shot down a "large number" of nazl planes, and that submarines had been placed at.a great disadvantage by being forced to keep under the surface rather than risk being fired upon by a prospective victim. Under the special ruk granted for consideration of the measure, the debate will run throughout tomorrow's session and for one hour on Friday. Lenders said they expected the house would pass the repealer before nightfall of that day. Chairman Bloom (D-NY) of the' house -foreign affairs committee-«»•— Umated on the basis of naval testimony that there were about 1,300 ships altogether that would need arms and that it would take about three months to do the job. Secretary Knox was asked what guns might be placed on American ships and replied that they probably would be 3-or 4-inch weapons on small vessels and 5-inch types on larger ones. These would equal or ouUhoot the deck guru of around 3 inches carried on German cub*, it was said at the navy. Some of the guns placed on Amer* lean ships, Knox related, probably would be capable ef both surface and anti-aircraft action. Otters prtbaMy would be surface wsapona only, but would be supplemented by short range anti-aircraft guns such as .50 caliber guns. Under international law, Knox said, an armed merchant Ship la subject to attack by a belligerent war vessel but that the war vessel still is responsible for protecting the merchantman's crew. In the present war, however, he said, this country is not faced with a question ot law, "but what we're dealings with now, in this type of war Germany is carrying on, is sheer piracy." Knox said that normally a submarine attacking an unarmed mer- cbantman"would^oome-to-the-sur-- face and fire with its deck gun in order to save torpedoes. Instances have been reported in this war, he said, in which German.-U^bQaU-came_ up in the center of unarmed convoys and repeatedly attacked. ^ . Arming ships, he continues, makes this sort of attack impossible. He said that in this situation submarines must remain below the surface, which slows them down from around IB knots to about 8 knots and also makes them inaccurate In their torpedo firing,-Guns on American •merchantmen, Knox explainedrVobably would~be in charge of chief petty offices, the smaller guns having crews of about 10 men each, and the larger guns about 16 men each. Rep. Mundt of South Dakota, ft Republican member of the committee who is opposed to lifting the neutrality act's ban on arming ear- go vessels, conceded .there would be little or no opportunity to amend the measure on the floor. The only hope of the opposition, he said, lay in a motion to recommit to obtain longer committee hearings. Bloom said that under the strict house rules limiting amendment* to the particular subject under discussion—in this case repeal of section I ot the neutrality act — it would be Impossible to deal with other sections of the law once the repealer reaches the floor. Stockholders Approve Bonk's Closing Doors In 'FDR Emergency' . • ••••in-. • • . CHICAGO — (AP> — Stoekhold- ers of the First National bank of Engtewood have approved President John M. (100 Per Cent) Nichols 1 plan to liquidate and -close up shop -at least for the duration of tb* Roosevelt-concocted emergency." Nichols, a foe of the new deal's banking policies since the early 1930's, announced a liquidating dividend of $525 a share would be paid in cash to stockholders in mid- December and a small Una! dividend would be distributed when the last of the accounts was settled. The bank is paying off all depositors and quitting business because, Nichols said, "I do not care to continue as the custodian of other people's money" in times such as these. The south side bank's high deposit total during 63 years of business was more than $7.000,000. Nichol* acquired -the nickname "100 Per Cent" by steering the bank through the depression 100 per euit Uquitl

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