Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 14, 1949 · Page 20
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 20

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, January 14, 1949
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Page 20
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EDITORIALS Reds Renege Again, This Time on Prisoners of War rriHE United States, Britain and France •*• have jointly called upon the Soviet Union for an immediate report on the number of German prisoners of war still held by Russia in violation of the agreement of the Big 4 council of foreign ministers in 1947. Under this pact Russia, along with the western allies, agreed to complete the repatriation of all German POWs by December 31, 1948. Russia did not honor its agreement. The United States returned its last nazi prisoners of war early in 1947 and on June 30, 1947, made a final report on repatriation of enemy prisoners to London, Paris, and Moscow. Britain and France honored their commitments oh POWs. Russia kept more than a million German prisoners as slave labor in defiance of all international treaties. QTUNG by the demand, Russia replied ^ that all German prisoners held by the Soviet Union would be repatriated by the end of 1949 — a year later than the 4 Power agreement. Russia suffered no more damage to cities from German armies and air raids than Britain or France in proportion to the scale of fighting, but Russia has continued to hold German prisoners as slaves in mines and soviet timber camps. U. S. intelligence reports show that a good percentage of German prisoners were worked to the point of death for Russia in the past few years, then returned to the reich as physical wrecks. S OME day Russia's inhumane treatment of prisoners of war will be told in grim detail. It is one of the darkest chapters in twentieth century history scarcely matched by Hitler's concentration camps. If the U. S. state department had taken a more decisive stand on POW policy in 1946 and 1947, hundreds of thousands of German prisoners would never have freen driven to death in soviet slave camps. By the end of 1949 Russia may default again, for POW manpower is the cheapest the Soviets could ask for reconstruction. Job-Choice in Britain rpHE following excerpt from a release by •*- the British Information Services, an official agency of the British labor government, is offered without comment: "A widespread misunderstanding about the 'direction' of labor in Britain has been cleared up by figures published in November in connection with the control of engagement order. This order. was introduced in September, 1947, to make sure that workers changing jobs should somehow be guided, by voluntary means if at all possible, into jobs where they are needed most in the national Interest. "Under the order, a person seeking a job has (with certain exceptions) to apply to the local Employment Exchange which offers him a choice of jobs, stressing where possible the "first preference' jobs where there is a great shortage of workers. "If he refuses the various jobs offered and persists in being quite unwilling to co-operate in taking a suitable and useful job, the employment exchange may, as a last resort, 'direct' him to take a certain job. "In actual practice, the number of such 'directions' issued over the whole period of the first year of operation was only 29. In the same period the employment exchange filled 4,519,000 vacancies, of which 551,000 were for 'first preference' jobs." Iowa's New Governor W ILLIAM S. BEARDSLEY comes to the governorship of Iowa with an impressive reservoir of good will at his command- The campaign which won him election over the prognostications of the pollsters was conducted on a high level and, so far as can be observed, left no sores to be healed. As a veteran in the legislative branch of government, he brings to his assignment an understanding of the general assembly which should prove most helpful to his administration. He can be expected to stress teamplay. Another fact in his favor is that he is taking over the executive reins of a going and highly solvent business. Iowa's state finances are in excellent condition. The auguries are good that Bill Beardsley will take rank among Iowa's ablest executives. Hard to Understand O N the basis of continuing Russian claims of scientific discoveries, the world finds that except for Russian science it would be back in the horse and buggy days. Russia must herself regret that having unearthed this treasure-house of scientific knowledge ••rlier than other peoples, it did so little about applying it. Look Out Below! SUN SPOTS! V It doesnjt come as a surprise to learn that Russia's most highly touted comedian currently is a counterpart of Charlie Chaplin, derby hat and all. A Californian has invented an airplane so small that in its trial flights it has been mistaken for a motorized mosquito. Those who make a habit of kidding about safety invariably end up finding they're the goat of their own joke. A temperamental person has been described as one who is 95 per cent temper and only 5 per cent mental. IT'S BEEN SAID: He hath a poor spirit who is not planted above petty wrongs.—Owen Feltham. Simile: Dreary as, dismantling a Christmas tree. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Hickenlooper Holds Position Cherokee Times: Senator Hickenlooper of Iowa, who for a first termer has attained high rank among members of the upper house of the national congress, will retain his position as a member of the senate foreign affairs committee, certain to be one of the most important committees of that body. This in spite of the fact that republican membership on that committee has been reduced from 7 to 5 under the democratic organization of the senate. Double Serving Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: Marshal Tito needs machinery to expand his armament industry, he says. He-may try to get it from the west, because the soviet bloc hasn't lived up to its promises. But he wants to pay for the machinery with metal exports, and stop exporting grains, meats and fats. The nazis, it will be recalled, offered the Germans guns instead of butter. Apparently the ambitious Tito will try to give his people both. Conviction, Prejudice, Inanity Estherville News: Nobody need be ashamed of his convictions. Convictions are honest, although not always are they founded on the best information. Prejudice, however, derives from the deliberate exclusion of objectivity. If you think you're right, then stand out for it, until you think you've been proved wrong; and then don't be ashamed or afraid to admit it. Fools are inclined to be extremely positive. Peace on Earth Northwood Anchor: President Harry Truman, in his Christmas message, remarked that the hope of world peace lies in Christianity. Perhaps it won't be inappropriate to suggest that this thought not be forgotten now that Christmas is ovar. A New Year resolution to remember it, and to apply a little practical Christianity every day of the coming year, might do a lot of good. American Honesty Clarion Monitor: One of the best evidences of the essential honesty of the American people is the way they continue to roll in their income tax money—in spite of all the easy ways to dodge the collector. Only rarely does a dodger get caught. Or can it be that more people have learned how to successfully dodge? Government Economy Atlantic News-Telegraph: Economy in government is apparently the goal toward which every citizen of the land looks with hope, but for which no one works because the only place to work which is visible to the average citizen is so far away from him that he can't do anything about it. Snow Stays White Clear Lake Mirror: With all of the modern types of heating the snow stays white so much longer in town than it used to. You don't see it turn black in a couple of days from soot. Then and Now Davenport Democrat: The good old days were those when you knocked at the front door Sunday afternoons to find out if the family was home. Now you look in the garage. Observing Editorial of the Day THE NEED FOR NURSES I OWA CITY PRESS-CITIZEN: Expansion of American armed force units in this country and abroad has' brought another increased need for nurses. The American Nurses association reports that the army is recruiting nurses on a voluntary basis for the reserve army. Thirty-eight hundred nurses are needed by June 30, 1949. Iowa's quota is 100 nurses. At present there are 175 service medical installations, 50 of which are overseas. Plans call for opening additional installations, all of which will need nurses. The association points out that recruiting of young women to schools of nursing is vital if we are going to be able to relieve a part of our graduate staff for national service and still maintain a reserve supply. Peak of enrollment in schools of nursing was reached in 1944 when 65,000 young women were admitted for a nursing education into schools of nursing. The number of admissions has decreased greatly since then. Since this is the diamond jubilee year of nursing, the nursing profession is making every effort to once again reach the peak number, the association points out. • Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Construction is under way on a 1-story brick building, 25 by 33 feet, at the corner of Delaware and First N. E., diagonally across the street from the Music hall. The building, being erected by Basil Pappas, will house a restaurant to be operated by James Feggos, formerly of Ann Arbor, Mich., and since last August a resident of Mason City. 20 YEARS AGO Announcement of the transfer of the Hawkeye teachers' bureau from Britt *o Mason City was announced today. H. W. Harvey will be the manager. The new offices will be in the M.B.A. building. Mr. Harvey was formerly superintendent of schools at Dickens. C. E. Cooper, director of the institution and its originator, was superintendent of schools at Britt for 5 years. 30 YEARS AGO Grocers in committees met at the office of C. H. Barber, secretary of the retail merchants association and discussed the matter of'installing a union system of deliveries for Mason City grocery stores. The matter met with favorable discussion and consideration on the part of the city. 40 YEARS AGO The Woodman installed officers last evening. Lewis Ehlers was elected by acclamation to succeed E. V. Harper as trustee. James Buchanan was named consul; George Prindle, advisor; E. O. Lehman, clerk; I. W. Keerl, banker; Frank Patch, escort; Charles Poshusta, watchman, and Samuel Booth, sentry. To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. EAR INFECTION, NOSE BLOWING F OR some years the opinion has been held that if you blow your nose when you have a cold it is quite likely that infected material may be forced from the throat into the middle ear through the eustachian tube which connects the throat and the middle ear. It is, of course, possible that this may occur. However, Dr. W. Wallace Teed has some evidence thai indicates that this does not happen very often. This evidence was collected during the war at a naval base. The men were exposed to in• creased air pressure during their training in the use of a device Cor escaping from a sunken sub- DB. BUNDESEN marine. Because of this increased pressure, it was necessary to inflate the eustachian ftibes in order to keep the pressure in the middle ear even. It was found that out of these 30,000 men, only one developed an ear infection from inflating the eustachian tubes, and this one developed an infection while he had a cold. It was estimated that at least 90 per cent of the 30,000 men had a cold at some time during this period. Thus, a conclusion was reached that infections of the middle ear are not caused by improper blowing of the nose during a cold. It is true that, if a person holds both sides of the nose and blows, the pressure may force material into the eustachian tubes, but evidently the evidence would indicate that this is not responsible for the development of ear infections. , During a cold the tissues which make up the eustachian tube may become infected and inflamed, thus closing up the tube to some extent. This may lower the air pressure in the middle ear and create a vacuum. Then, the middle ear may fill up with infected serum, during a cold, causing an infection to develop. Middle ear infection causes such symptoms as pain in the ear and fever, with inflammation of the ear drum. When this happens, it may be necessary to cut open the ear drum and allow the infected material to drain out. However, many cases may be relieved by the sulfonarrjide drugs or penicillin. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS D. B.: Is it possible to live a healthy normal life with just one kidney working? Answer: One kidney, functioning normally, can eliminate the body wastes satisfactorily. It is impossible to state definitely what might be the outcome in such a condition without knowing the exact type of disorder which is present. R. C. J.: I have a friend suffering with heart trouble, high blood pressure and hardening of the arteries. To which of these would the complication of dropsy be attributed? Answer: Dropsy means the collection of fluids in the tissues. It is possible that the heart condition is the main factor responsible for the dropsy. However, there may be a kidney infection present which may aid in the production of dropsy. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter Hal Boyle of the AP ACCENT ON OLD AGE N EW YORK, 0<P)—Old people are growing more important. Every year there are more of them. Every year from now on there will be still more. For despite its long foolishness the human race is living longer. The population is growing up— chronologically if not morally and intellectually. That fact in itself makes elderly people more important—in many ways. It makes them more important economically. The day is about gone when poor old work-worn grandpappy must observe to himself mournfully: "The only real friendly smile I get anymore is from the undertaker." Other business men are going to have smiles for grandpa and grandma from now on. Because the old folks, more and more, are financially independent. Fewer bank failures, the growth of social security, 'the enlargement of industrial pension plans—these things are enabling millions of men and women to retire with some semblance of a nest egg. So old people are in themselves a tremendous market for people with things to sell. And the old folks'are going to have more influence with politicians. They will become a tremendous pressure group for themselves. They will probably ask and get from the government more of what they want. And, in a democracy, that seems fair enough. Does anyone doubt that, if schoolchildren could vote, there would be more and better school buildings? Old people also are felling more important to the medical profession. Having cut the birth mortality pretty much to a minimum, the doctors now find that diphtheria and the who«plnf confh are taking less of their time than hardening of the arteries and that ancient misery—"my rheu- matiz." . Many physicians are specializing in the new science of gerontology—the study of old age. They have found that it isn't enough for old people merely to be of some economic Importance to others. They have to be made to feel still im- porlant to themselves. And that's a problem. Their pride and self-confidence suffers A terrific blow when they realize they have passed the peak of their powers. As Dr. Martin Gumpert told the gerontologicat society here last week, the self-realization of aging is "perhaps the most profound shock of our life- span—next to,dying." For when a woman look; into the mirror and sees her beauty fading, when a man no longer can go up the stairs two at a time—each knows In his secret heart that he has begun to die. And he begins to be afraid. For all healthy life distrusts death. Tills fear begins earlier than most people realize. And it affects them in ways they would be reluctant to admit. The fear often sets in during middle age, which is only a corridor of uncertain length between youth and old age. It explain! why many men make the accumulation of money an unreasonable passion. They try to replace the security of dwindling health and physical strength with financial security—an impossibility. This fear of being old, whether it starts at 35 or 60, causes many people to go through a kind of troubled second adolescence. Both men and women do foolish things they afterward regret. They take what they call "a list fling" at life. A friend of mine, who handles financial affairs for many people, has a name for this period. "I call it 40-year fever," he said. "And it's the devil of a thing to go through. It destroys a lot of people." It is then that the min <ir woman, fearful of the common fate of mankind, most needs the props of home, friendship and religion. For once the threshold of old age is crossed, most people don't find it too had. Sociological surreys show that old people often complain of loneliness. But if asked whether they are happy, the majority say— "yes!" Since there are going to be more and more old people In the world, why not prepare them for it? They can be educated in a way to lessen the shock, and to emphasize the serene pleasures in store. Universities ought to offer * post-graduate course in how to grow old gracefully. No College Grid Fatalities suspect that parents of youngsters with a liking for football will find comfort in a recent report by the American Football Coaches' association. The college grid season came to an end on Jan. 1 without a single fatality recorded and in prep school competition, only 9 deaths had been chalked up. Of the 18 deaths reported, 9 were in high school play, 6 in "sandlot" competition, and 3 in so- called "semitpro" games. Professional contests had no fatalities. Faulty equipment and lack of adequate conditioning on the part of the victims figured in several of the deaths. There's no denying, of course, that football is a rough, tough sport. But on' the basis of this showing—considering the number who participate—it can't be classified as dangerous. Our Crowded Campuses ; think it's of concern to Iowa that the total of 2,410,000 students attending American colleges and universities this year is an increase of 72,000— or 3.1 per cent—over last year. The number of veterans, as expected, dropped off 72,000—or 4 per cent—but this decrease was more than off-set by non-veterans. For lowans the. significant fact is that in the 3 state institutions of higher learning, at Iowa City, Ames and Cedar Falls, about 25,000 students are now being accommodated in space and quarters designed for 10,000 fewer than that. Moreover it is certain that in the years ahead, this present total will be stepped up by at least another 5,000 students. • That's a problem that concerns all of us—including our present legislature. Ancient Use of Meteorites : am told that ancient oriental people were able to convert meteorites into useful implements and weapons of war. The tradition that swords of great Chinese, Persian and northern European warriors were "heaven sent," indicates that they were made from meteorites which fell from the skies. Their unusually keen blades were probably due to the toughening effect of nickel in the iron, as nickel and iron frequently occur together in metallic meteorites. To HEAR ANGOSTUEA TELL IT MARRIA6E IS NOT FOR-HER-AJOR ANV OTf€C SENSIBLE GIRL EITHER.- WEDDED BLISS? 'PHOOEV.MLLTME GIRLS X KNOW WHO'ARE MARRIED ARE MISERABLE/I INTEND T&BEACAT?EER6IRL- LIVE AVOW LIFE.'NOT STD06EF0RA PAIR OF PANTS 8UAH-BLAH BLTT AT ANV 8OWLS Tb CATCH T HER HEH -RIGHT OPPOSITION BOUQUET? Information, Please! 1. What have these 3 words in common: pianissimo, forte, lento? 2. What is it that "droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven"? Answers—1. They are all Italian musical terms. 2. The quality of mercy. Bonkers Preferred" was attracted by the heading over a feature article in "Presidio," publication edited by the inmates of Iowa's state penitentiary at Fort Madison. That heading was "Bankers Preferred" and the author was Tom Runyon. The burden of the story was that robbing a bank, or attempting to rob a bank, is far more severely punishable in Iowa than a like robbery, or attempt, in any other setting. A penalty of life imprisonment is written into the law. It isn't at the discretion of the judge. "It isn't necessary actually to rob a bank in order to spend the rest of your life in prison,' the writer points out. If you just enter that bank with the intention to rob it—you may change your mind and leave without molesting it at all—you are guilty of a crime as heinous as murder, and you are forthwith sentenced to spend 'the rest of your natural life' in prison. "But," and this is the basis of the writer's complaint, "if the banker finds himself a little short on cash, he cr.n clean out his vault with the comforting knowledge that the most severe sentence he can receive will be 7 or 10 years, but more likely he will receive a 3-year sentence if convicted." And here is the writer's conclusion: "The sentence for bank robbery should in no case be more severe than that for robbery with aggravation as it stands today in Iowa— 25 years. For that sentence—a quarter of a century—should be severe enough to satisfy anyone. "But the law covering that sentence should be changed; it should cover all forms o$ robbery with aggravation (usually armed robbery) without discrimination. "And instead of a mandatory 25 year sentence it should be not to exceed 25 years, with the sentencing judge allowed to set the term of years to suit crime and criminal so long as the sentence does not exceed the maximum." THE DAY'S BOUQUET To JUSTIN ANN WILLIAMS— for being the first baby of 1949 to be born in Mason City and thus receiving a formidable list of gifts donated by Mason City merchants. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Elroye H. Williams, Dows, and was born in the Mercy hospital in Mason City on New Year's day. id You Know? By Jimmy Hatlo The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers:mint" thli service for questions of fact—not counsel—should sifn fall name and address and Inclose 3 cents for return postare. Address the Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, 316 Eye Street N. E., Washington 2, D. C. Is there a great difference between the highest mountain and the deepest place in the ocean? What is the distance between them in miles? The distance between the t o p of Mt. Everest and the greatest known depth in the ocean, off Mindanao in the Philippines, is a little less than 12J- miles. Since the diameter of the earth is 7,926 miles, this difference between the highest and lowest points on the earth's surface is relatively very slight. Do trees grow in winter? They do not. Very little food is required by trees in winter, so the absence of leaves where food is made has no adverse effect. Tree growth in the spring is made largely from the food stored in the bark, the stems and roots during the preceding season. The food manufactured by next spring's leaves will be used;-part of it in the summer and part stored for next season's growth. What is meant by the football term, "coffin corner" kick? The 'term was first applied to the slanting punts of Pennsylvania's George Brooke, which rolled out of bounds close to the angle formed by the side-line and goal- line. Why is the legal profession referred, to as "the bar?" The word "bar" was originally applied to the rail which"separated the court officials from the suitors in court, their advocates and friends. When the case was tried, the suitors presented themselves,, at the bar accompanied by their advocates who addressed the court from that position. Have women ever served as lighthouse keepers? Ida Lewis who was keeper of Lime Rock lighthouse, near Newport, R. I., and Abbie Burgess, who kept Matinicus Rock light in Maine, were America's earliest women lighthouse keepers. When Mrs. Fannie Salter retired recently after 23 years as keeper of the Turkey Point lighthouse in Maryland, she was said to be the only qualified beacon attendant of her sex in the country. What is the distance in miles on the earth's surface between the most northern and southern point* where the sun is directly overhead? The points on the earth farthest north and south where the sun shines perpendicularly, are in latitudes 23 degrees 26.8 minutes north and south, respectively. The northernmost point is reached by the sun about June 22, and the southernmost point about Dec. 22. The distance between these parallels of latitude measured on the earth's surface is about 3,224 miles. Are Americans considered a tall people? Americans with at least 3 Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures SOPHIE TUCKER, born Jan. 13, 1884, while her mother was traveling by wagon out of Russia to join her husband in America. Her father changed his name from Kalish to Abuza to honor a dead friend. After Sophie had her career under way and had been married to Louis Tuck, she changed her name to Tucker. After singing in restaurants and vaudeville, "the last of the red hot mamas" made her first big hit in Zeigfeld "Follies" of 1909. generations of ancestry in this country are the tallest body of white people in existence. Studies of college students have shown that in 15 years' time the average height increased an inch. Europeans average three-fourths, of an inch shorter than Americans. What mammals are at present in danger of becoming extinct? According to the Fish and Wildlife service, at the present time because of game refuges no mammals are in danger of extinction, with the possible exception of coyotes that have been transported from'the western states, where they aid in exterminating rodents, to the east, where they are not wanted. Who coined the slang term hard- boiled? It is said to have been invented by Jack Doyle, keeper of a billiard academy in New York, and was popularized by Tad Dorgan, the cartoonist. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. ^EE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 Entered as second class matter April 12, 1930. at the postoffice at Mason City. Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr- Thursday, Jan. 13, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which is exclusively entitled to use for repub- llotlon of all local news printed in this newspaper « well as all AP newt dii- patchet. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Limits) One year $13.00 One week .21 Outside Mason City and Clear Like But Within 100 Miles of Mason City By mall 1 year f 0.00 By mall 8 months 4.75 By carrier per week IS Outside 100 Mil* Zone by Mall Only One year $12.M Six month* I.M Thro* months 3.50

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