WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 16, 1958 BLVTHEVTLLE (ARK.T COXJHTRR NEWS PAGE SEVEN 'Conelrad' Gets First Real Test By FRANK ECK AP Newsfestures Sports Editor By EUGENE DEVIN MITCHEL FIELD AIR FORCE BASE, N. Y. (AP) Heavy Air-'Force bombers, posing as "enemy attackers,' sought to ride scrambled .broadcasting beams to American cities early today in the first National Civil Defense test of Conelrad. Experts of Civil Defense, the Federal Communications commission and the Air Force appeared «confident the planes were thwarted by Conelrad, the radio operation designed to block any possible enemy use of broadcasting beams to lead bombers or guided missiles to American cities. The test was conducted between 1:30 a.m. and 4:30 a.m., local time. Air Force fliers on the East Coast finished their missions, flying from far out at sea, just about .the time the test was starting in the Par West. Newsmen were taxen up over this Long Island base in an Air Force transport and had an airman's view of the test. The reporters heard the garbled radio ceptlon, making it impossible to identify local radio stations, and saw the radio compass direction finder In the cockpit waver uselessly. Prom.Hamilton Field, Calif., another air force plane was scheduled to carry a second group of reporters aloft. Thousands Participate Thousands of FCC observers and civil defense personnel took part in the test, spokesmen said. The exact number of Air Force planes was not disclosed. I Cooperating in the test on a vol- . untary basis, FCC officials here said, were 1,300 of the nation's 2,100 am radio stations. Those participating could be heard clearly in their immediate localities. It was only off the ground that reception was mixed and garbled. This, officials explained, was the advantage of Conelrad over the World War H. method of shutting down all broadcasting; it permits local authorities to advise people In their areas during emergencies while frustrating an enemy !vom finding a U. S. target by getting a navigation "fix" on a radio station in a large metropolitan area. FCC and civil defense officials ' hers said Canada, Mexico and most Western European nations had devised systems similar to Conelrad. They said Russia presumably has i similar plan. Conelrad first was tested in 1951 by the FCC. In this secret trial and others no plane was successful in using radio beams for navigation. Today's test brought civil defense authorities into the picture for the first time, plus the largest number of participating stations. Commercial airline aviators also were asked to watch their radio compasses and make reports to the FCC. Need More Stations Officials here said the system has an "acute need" for more participating stations, especially In the rural areas; and they said some radio stations had failed to meet commitments to participate. They pointed out that the efficiency of the device is greater if more stations in more localities participate, for every station is an added direction from which a radio beam can be sent. Conelrad is short for "control of electromagnetic raidation." ' The system keeps as many AM radio stations as possible on,the air, with the largest stations reducing power and every participating station shifting to a frequency not its own. Thus, an approaching enemy plane is provided with not a single beam, but more than it can handle. The scramble renaers direction finders on planes useless. Only two broadcasting frequencies—640 kilocycles or 1,240 kilocycles—are used. The station shifts are to either of these two positions on the dial. An approaching enemy bomber would receive signals on these two beams from many cities, and would be unable to tell where they came from. .On these frequencies the 1,300 stations which participated today continued to function, some carrying regular programs and some carrying special civil defense test programs. In a real emergency the participating stations would operate for the benefit of the local populace and for whatever use civil defense desired to put them. Results of the test will not be known for several days. JOHNSON (Continued from Page 8 ) Churning wasn't near as hard and the pump water got softer so we stayed on with Mr. Bryan for seven more years and in that time, our third child was born." It was another boy, Robert Bryan Johnson. During those seven years, Mrs. Johnson taught the klnd«r«ar- ten class at the Presbyterian Church. Superintendent Frank Sanders had two children In the class. Be fore the elementary school was built, Mr. Sanders came to Mrs. Johnson knowing her qualifications as a kindergarten teacher and offered her the Job. At the time, the youngest boy was three and Mr. Johnson put his foot down on it that Mrs. Johnson was through with teaching und had three boys to look after. • * • NOT THINKING, Mr. Sanders would even consider such a thing, Mrs. Johnson told him she would take the job if she were allowed to bring Bob. Now ready for the first grade, he is probably the only six- year-old child with three years of kindergarten. Before the completion of the new school, kindergarten classes were held in the community house. The Joy a kindergarten gets Is the cooperation from the mothers, the school board, the superintendent and principle. It takes the whole force to carry out a sucessful program of this type — the teacher alone can't do it. "It takes constant brush-up courses," Mrs. Johnson said, "to keep abreast of the times in guiding modern children. One of the most essential things is to give them your love and show them your appreciation in the little things they do that Isn't little at all to e live year old child." One novel method Mrs. Johnson uses in teaching the children to tie their shoes is after they've learned which foot to put their shoes on, she has a big foot, cut from card- hoard and as soon as the child has mastered the art she pastes a picture of a boy or girl — whichever the case may be — and prints their name under the picture they all work hard at getting their names on the boot. ONE THING to avoid," continued Mrs. Johnson, "is never to push a child. Nature will take care of that," she added. "Parents with children whose birthday falls on Jan. 1st make a big mistake In sending their children to regular school. "They would do better work if they were kept cut of school until the following September. A few months in the life of the five year old makes a lot of difference. Of course, some children are matured more than others and _ that rule would not apply 100 per cent. j "Probably in the same family where there are several children ivhen the school bell rings the first j time for them and they are the, ones who shouldn't go, becaus after all a child should feel grown up when they go to school tha first morning so there's wher cindergarten comes in, to teach child security before entering reg ular school. "The first grade teacher know right off at the start if a child ha attended kindergarten or not b 1 lis awareness of what is going o around him, and from knowing how ,o get along with the other childrei ;o knowing how to set a tabl Droperly. "A child in kindergarten I .aught how to think by the teache making a game out of it. Setting up a grocery store and having th children play house and sending them for one or two Items and gradually Increasing the Items to be remembered, makes the children remember arid they aren't aware they are following a certain pattern of thinking. "Thinking Is one of the abilities schools seek to develop. A class in art In kindergarten isn't where yoh'll discover a fine painting but^ turn them loose at it and see thfcj expression of his own feelings he tries to paint. The job of the teacher Is to brag on the child even though you don't 'know exactly what the painting represents. * • * "THE CHILD will tell you in his own words and he really things he, has made a clear picture of what > runs through his head. As hej paints or hammers away he is.de- veloping the use of his arm and! land muscles which he will later, use in handwriting. The kindergar- • ten child doesn't come to learn the 3 r's but to build habits and share: experiences and above all, learn' to get along with other children. "It's hard sometimes for parents to see their own children's shortcomings and if their child isn't as popular as the child down the Coke is invited to the vein) best parties 6 -"-~ • Bottle CartOn Pint Depoflt Coca-Cola— perfect blend of many flavor*— has a flavor all its own. Refreshing as the young folks' outlook— P^e, wholesome Coca-Cola belongs in your refrigerator at home. lOttUO U«0f« AUtKOHItY Of TM( COCA-COIA COMfANY •» COCA-COLA BOTTLING COMPANY OF BLYTHEVILLE "Cob«" h a rcgiilerrd trode-morfc, © l»33. THl COCA.C01A COHtUff street, it's probably because they haven't Irarnod the proper technique in (tolnp about It. "There's a rule in the book for every situation (hat comes up but there must be a qualified teacher to be able to understand the rules. An understanding of music and a love of good music are taught to these pro-school children. "Singing is one 01 me big Joys the children experience, and having them enact what the music tells him — n, galloping horse, i marching, n funny clown. | "Story time is always a highlight I in the day of a chi'ld's life. The! children ht'ar the story, dramatize j the action, i;o,tpll the story to others' and they love it. j "Good habits of health and prop-1 er eating are taught and regardless of how small the child is, it impresses them and every morning they open their mouths for the I teacher to see they remembered i to brush their teeth. "IT'S JUST as important," Mrs. Johnson said, "for the kindergarten pupil to be prompt in their arrival every morning and to have regular attendance as It is for a child attending regular school. "If they are, allowed to skip a day every now and then, unless they're sick, then when they begin regular school they will expect to do the same thing. After all, kindergarten is a stepping stone to regular school." Mrs. Johnson served three years as vice president Of the Parent- Teachers Association and this year sho is president. Last summer, she attended the National PTA convention in Oklahoma City in order to bring before the PTA some of the oiu.standing features she learned about In the week she spent. Working with the parents and teachers for so many years, Mrs. Johnson said she had never lived in a town like Osceola where everybody cooperates and all you have to do to get the Job done Is to call on them. She Is vice president and program chairman of the women of the Presbyterian Church and has served for the past four years on the County Tuberculosis Association Board nnd is chairman of the mobile unit. With all her outside activities, her family always comes first and she always reserves th» best hours of the day to be with them — at mealtime and in th« evenings. Diaper Rash Quick relief follows UK of Rcsinol Ointment. Specially medi. rated, rtch m lanolin, it soothe* smarting skin as it helps to heal* Kesinol Soap drarw* gently, Us* both. RESINOir™ IMT and SOAP eOTTONWCHSACK LOOK FOR THE SACK WITH THE BEMIS CAT TRADEMARK. AVAILAiLE IN DUCK, ASPHALT BOTTOM AND OUR NEW FUSTIC BOTTOM, OUR PLASTIC BOTTOM f U3 MAS IEEN FULLY FIELD TESTED AND WILL ~*'.-. ; , OUTLAST TURK OR MORE REGULAR DUCK BAGS, - : ' EACH TYPE n STOCKED IN AU SI'ES REGULAR OR WITH HOOKETE. BEMIS BRoTBAG CO. MEMPHIS 1, TENM. For Sale By ALL LEADING JOBBERS FUEL OIL 6.0. POETZ OIL CO. "/ Sell That Staff" Phone 2089 Office & Bulk Plant - Promised Land ON A NEW MERCURY For the next four days we will allow you a trade-in of $400 more than the cash price your present car will bring. We are overstocked on new cars and must sell 20 new cars this week. Most of our present supply of Mercurys have automatic transmissions. We need your used car. STILL MOTOR CO. Walnut At First Phone 6876 Plymouth Hy-Drive Newest, smoothest, least expensive no-shift driving in low-price field Jhausandt of motorists today are enjoying fhe jpecfacufor performance of Plymouth Hy-Drive —one flowing motion! No noises, jerks or lurches in going from one speed to another. Your car can't up-shift or down-shift on you unexpectedly. -for a fast, positive getawcy. There's no racing of the engine to get started, no "winding up." holds your car without using tfis brakes whil« hairing on a hill. You get good engin» braking going downhill. You can use the clutch for more cxacl control in "rocking" out of mud or snow. — both in original cost and in upkeep. There's no complicated mechanism to ger out of order or to adjust and maintain. "It saves me around 2 gallons of gas each day," says this rural mail carrier "Vic" Hammer is a rural mail carrier out of Appleton, Wisconsin. He drives the same route every day. He has 400 boxes, which means lots of starting and stopping. He used to use between 5 and 6 gallons each day. Recently, Mr. Hammer purchased a new 1953 Plymouth equipped with Hy-Drive*. He is now using between 3% and 4 gallons of gas a day on his route. "I thinklhisisan amazing performance," Mr. Hammer says. "I'm saving around 2 gallons of gas for the route each day. And it's 100 per cent easier serving the route now that I no longer have to shift gears." •Hy-Drlve Is availablg on all new flymoutris at low extra cost HYMOU1H— Oirytltr Corporo/i'on'i No. I C«r Your Plymouth Dealer Wants to Demonstrate Hy-Drive to You!
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