THE UPPER DES MOINE8: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY. DEOEMBEE 13, 1899. The outs herewith represent the APPLETON FEED GRINDERS a full description of which, together with the respective merits of this now widely celebrated mill will be found On the First Page of this Holiday edition. At the Wigwam 'JL Ever known in the clothing line Until Jan. 1st you can get the machine and all needed information. Only a few days and we will be in our new store, "The Durdall." Take advantage ol MIIHI MIC THE WIG-WAM- Algona, Burt and Fenton. Wilfrid P. Jones. and get a bargain which will leave a pleasant memory of the old house. TO FADE CANNON& American Hone* That Are Best Suited for Purpose! of War. In the midst ol the attention we ay firing to the personnel of our armies there is a feature not less important than the feeding and the physical condition of the men, and which we aro apt to overlook. It is the condition and training of the army horse. Horses are almost as necessary an adjunct to a successful war as are men. With the exception of carriage horses for use on the boulevards of large cit- — — ._. lea, and of race horses—of which class I fiorge s. the command subsisting on the we probably breed the 'fastest in the | meat for several days. The well-trained cavalry horse fights diers, to protect them in case of a charge and to furnish food to the army in case of famine. Many a soldier has protected his own life fighting an enemy from behind the dead body of his horse, and when a retreating force was cut off from Its base of supplies, an army was ofen provisioned by the sutler's forces returning to the scene of defeat and cooking the horses that were killed in battle. And In the Sioux campaign of 1878 General Crook was so hard pressed for food that he had to kill some of the world—we have run behind other nations in the production of good and serviceable horses. This was because having BUCU splendid railroad and electric facilities, w« have had less need for horses than other people. One of the results of our new expansive policy will be to enlist public interest In the cavalry horse; for while we may have soldiers and a navy that can beat the world, without strong and speedy horses capable of covering a march and capturing a position by. a dash, we cannot be fully equipped as a nation. The effect of quick-firing guns will be to reduce the relative efficiency of cavalry, and of Infantry from those of the olden time, but nevertheless the horses will still be a powerful factor In war. The style of horse needed in the army is that known in the older countries as the hunting horse, an animal with enormous chest, clean limbs, heavy loins, deep quarters and free moving action. Such a horse when well-groomed and bred will carry a Mount of 160 pounds across country at an excellent riding pace for the space •f flve or six hours, and will be comparatively fit and fresh for a prolonged march at the close. Hunters thus trained in the field to Tough work, make excellent army horses, Not being much accustomed to the delights of the chase in this : busy country, we have not developed tb« European type of hunting horse; |but he is coming. The best type of the American horse for use in the army, now comes from iKentuoky, and from the neighboring paountainouB states. It is claimed by |ome that the email, "chunky" horse far better fitted for transporting innon than horses of finer proportions |and of greater weight and frame. It was the need of horses of such endurance and powers which more an anything else defeated Napoleon's »mpaign upon Moscow. The Russians were convinced of this, id when some of them saw a French un at the base of an ice-covered mole rlth the horses that drew It, lying 1th broken limbs beside It, because •Tapoleon had omitted to bring horse- jails, they exclaimed with Joy: "God Napoleon forget that there 1» a rioter in this country." Toe great pqrposes of horses In war to transport gum, to carry the sol- some upon his own account. He rears upon his hind legs and strikes venomously with his forelegs at the sight of an enemy whose colors he knows nearly as well as those of his master. In a charge of infantry the horse being so much larger, offers a greater target than the rider whose chest is protected by the erect neck and head of his gallant steed. Horses thus save the lives of the men, and few phases of war are better calculated to inspire terror in unmounted troops than a desperate advancing charge of cavalry at close quarters, with dust flying and hoofs clanging, and the discharge of carbines keeping music to the war-li. s neighing of stallions on full gallop. The skir mishes during the Peninsular war ware mostly of this character, and the Duke of Wellington used to say that * man and his horse thus equipped, were equivalent to flve infantry soldiers, though since the introduction of repeating rifles the proportions of Wellington's time are sadly altered now. It i» somewhat sad to state that despite all the uses of horses in war, and notwithstanding the great exposure of this noble animal to danger In case of battle, statistic! show the death of a greater proportion of horses from disease, neglect or starvation than from actual slaughter in action. Want of food, want of water and want of rest, the common mUrortune of every campaign, kills over fifty per cent, ot the horses; and overwork, disease and exposure destroy a far larger propor tion than are actually killed in war. If these good people who spend their nights dreaming about the parliamea; of Man and the federation of the world would devote gome of their spar 3 energj to enforcing the plainest dictate* 01 humanity in the cases of dishones. army contractors the peace societies would do much to mitigate the horriu treatment of horses in war, and accom pllsh gome real good. Even in time; of peace the mortality amongst horse: for cavalry and artillery purposes U very large. During the fiscal year end Ing June 30, 1897, Uncle Sam logt 1,06; cavalry and artillery horses put of a total of 6,M); and this percentage which is very large would be mucb greater in war times, as owing to tiv excitement which occurs tbf hor< sometimes si iF>r<! Incredible tortuiv.- from want. o. food, rest and water. , FREAKS OF CYCLONE. Of Such a Nature That a Pliotogruphn Shows Tlmt the Men Took to UrlliU. The details of the performance of the recent cyclone at Herman, Neb., are now becoming known. Bye witnesses and photographs are the most sober testimony available. The statistician gives thirty ae the number of deaths from violence, but the insurance agents are still estimating property losses. Herman is about forty miles north of Omaha. The Inhabitants of this agricultural hamlet had provided their houses with cellars and many had built specially constructed cyclone cellars. While engaged In the day's work, a cylindrical cloud formed ue- fore their eyes from a clear sky. Tho cry of cyclone gave the impetus of, terror to their flight and before the tempest reached the outskirts of tftm town every villager had gathered wife and bairns about him Into his cellar. For a minute almost interminable; they waited. Then tne crash came and a succession of sounds resembling the explosion of giant firecrackers told of the lifting from their foundations of house after house. In one humble home the housewife had been accustomed to place her preserves on a cellar shelf close to the floor of the house. These jars extended some three inches above the outside ground surface. When the house was uprooted like a sapling and carried a hundred feet the first investigator found the preserves intact, rearing their heads above the surface. An ice house was the victim of one of the storm's pranks. The roof and hair the walls were cut away from the pack and deposited a quarter of a mile away, but the blocks of ice were not touched in the least. Within thirty minutes from the climax of the cyclone the stricken people were seeking consolation in malt and spirituous liquors. The principal hotel of the village was not touched by the cyclone Itself ,but suffered from the impact of a tree against its wall like a battering ram. A massive boiler was gathered in the arms of the cyclone and whirled up hill 300 feet, describing about the hotel a parabolic curve and landing in a mass of household furniture. The hotel was directly in the course but it made a polite detour. A piano, the one luxury of some home, was carried high in the air u. distance of 300 yards and deposited feet downward. The front and lai. boards lay beside It. torn from their fastenings. A little girl was Che first to touch it In its new position, and her ears were greeted by a kitten'e piteous mew. Wedged In behind the keyboard was a much disturbed kitten which had been caught there in some mysterious fasnlon. The oihildren of the village are still discussing the kitten's presence In the works at the piano, Perfected Cona4eu«e. Admiral Pewey, in conversation with some friends told an Interesting chap- ;er in his Manila experiences after he fead destroyed, the Spanish feet, O. B. DURDALL battle Itself, he declared, was nothing but it was after the battle bad been fought and Spain's power on the se.i destroyed, that his troubles commenced. "There were at that time," he sairi. "thirteen ships of all nations In the bay ,all of them, with the exception or the British, unfriendly, all of them officered by experienced .men. all of them watching for the slightest mistake that we might make. "The situation was full of complications. There were any number of delicate questions coming up to be decided, questions which ought to have been decided by a lawyer well versed In international law, and not a sailor who Tcnew only such law as he hadi been able to plcta up, and whose law library was extremely limited. "The situation at one time was sucli that it took almost the entire time ot two officers to search the books to see what we might do and what we were not allowed to do, Why," said the Admiral, with an expressive gesture. "a good lawyer at that time, a man familiar with international law, would have been worth his weight in gold and diamonds and rubies." "lAad probably, If you had had a lawyer on your staff," said one of IU audience, "he would have made any amount ot trouble for you and the Government, which you avoided because you made common sense take the place of law."—Boston Daily Globe. ROSE LORE. Dewey After the Manila Hay liattle. Perfect confidence la desirable between couiples engaged to be married, but it is not always that the young 1 woman has as fine an opportunity to establish it as did a Norristown belle, to whom a wealthy bachelor had been paying assiduous attention. After worrying her a good deal about how many young men had been in love with her, and how many she had been attached to, he asked her to marry him, adding: "Now let there be perfect confidence between UA. Keep nothing concealed from me." "Certainly," replied the giddy girl: "let us have no concealments;" and. Jumping up, she snatched the wig tic- wore from his head and danced aroumt the room with it. In spite of this levity, the coupi? married, and, from all accounts, are living very happily, more particularly as, by means of using crude petroleum, a nice little crop of soft brown hair Is growing all over the husbandV head. The man had never heard of crude petroleum as a hair tonic until b|s wife told him about it, so If ehc had not enforced his confidence hi would still be bald.—Philadelphia Record. The Poor Blan's lAglit, The latest development of electric; lighting for worklngmen's dwelling i comes from Shoreditoh, London, whei-o the vestry has newly completed dwell. ings to accommodate four £,un,d.re4 people. Tenant who, desire electric light win pay sixteen cents, extra per f he Story of the Bwvetost Flower Thai Bloom*. i : ' In commerce the rose baa not been without value. The most delightful commercial product of the rose Is tha. known an the "Attar of Perslw and India." Although the production o nttar was discovered in Persia, the Industry has nearly died out there to spring up in extensive rose farms In Turkey; and about Kazanllk, on the southern slope. of the Balkans, close to the Sblpka, or wild rose pass, fa mous in the history of the Russia- Turklgh war. Tbu rose growing belt lg situated tit an average altitude of 1,000 feet above the sea and comprises seventy tnlles In length and ten miles in Width. Blnce the emancipation of the Balkan provinces the manufacture of this exquisite perfume has become great Industry In Bulgaria and has been taken up In a large scale even In Germany. The ancestor of all, the rose of Damascus, furnishes the greater number of blossoms. Th-e white tousk rose Is used, and a pink damask, but the dark red variety outnumbers them all. A fine attar Is produced from roses grown in Cashmere. The attar is expensive, because It requires an enormous quantity of bloggomg to distill even a few drops. It la claimed that it was discovered by the favorite wife of Jehan Ghlr. through whose garden ran a canal of rose-water. On the surface the Biv gum discovered a few drops of the precious attar or 611 floating. Even rose-watsr has Its value and may be also Included among the luxuries. The hundred-leaved rose, a variety well known to the ancients and originally fcund In the Caucasus, Is also used to make rose-water and a medicinal syrup. A mild astringent syrup Is made from the petals of the Vreuea rose. Th« petals of the tea rose, a •pecies of rolsette, with a very fine fragrance, are used In China for flavoring teas. A vinegar made from rose* tg used for headaches; a conserve of roses and sugar is given medicinally to children. The fruit or hip is also used that way. while OQ the Continent dried hips are Wed In the culinary ooncoctiong such as soups. The fl«t cuKWed roue U said to iiave been planted In Britain in A. D. 1623. The wild row ig a native of Britain, and grows abundantly. In the time of Edward IIJ., I}?4, a gold coin Was made, called a rose-nob)*, because on one side of it ta» form of a rose r. a* impregged. In clawlcal ttm* there WM « recon«• tlgntfcanc* connected with the Wit, Tb« »tatu? of Elan* of tfpbeiua eoYfrefl with row and beep. It I connected by p»ntt witfc the toe rose-cms. fcotlcrucians, toother*, of tfta a lecrvt writer, wed for their emblem the crucified rose. In ancient times, when secret meetings were held, men used to wear a ohap- let of roses on their beads. Later on the forms of roses were painted and carved on the ceilings of rooms or trails where feasts were given, when everything connected with them was kept secret. From that custom came the expression "sub-rosa" or "under the rose," which means that nothing is to be revealed. There is a fabled story that Cupid gave a rose to the god of silence as a bribe to prevent him from betraying the affairs of Venug, and that In this way the rose became the symbol of •Hence. Among the ancients the rose became thi> symbol of modesty, of Joy, of gladness and of grief. It crowned th* reveler, It graced the garland of the lover and ;hed Its beauty and Its fra- grauce upon the dead after life's fitful fever closed. In mythology we find that the rose wua Venus' own flower. It Is also associated with Bacchus, for we read of chaplets of ro»*g crowning the bends of those wb- Indulged in Bac- chiiuallun orgies. Classic myths and mediaeval lore afford a wealth of beautiful legends connected with the ro«e, which assure us that It has been a favorite ever since It became known. In Shakespeare we find seventy or more mentions of the rose in the plays, and In the fifty-fourth sonnet the rose is described as truth. In hie time It was considered the queen of flowers. In Romeo and Juliet we read, "remnant* of pack-thread and old cukeu of roses were thinly scattered to make up a show." In Twelfth Mght, "by the roses of the spring, .by honor, truth and everything, I love ihee so." Thera are few po«ta who have not given graceful and honorabl* mention of the rote. The Latin poet, Horace, even though i often alludes to the myrtle bush, the vine-wreathed elm, the olive thickets, the thick-woven shade of the laurels, the violet bed, the tall, epreadiug pine, the white-leaved poplar, the coronal of rosemary, the rug- .i oi.k, does not omit the rose; "whll* c oilors of Syrian nard and the rose h • sweet from locks tipped, and lusi tipped with Time's snow*."—Ode 11. "Then strew fively tte ro»e»." "Wltu locks all dropping balni on roaer laid," anrt many other poetical illu- ilous. Although the rote 1« the em- t>iom of sllenc« its sphere touches all nations, Its mission toucha» all hearts. II Joys, all sorrow*. Much there I* of U'story and sentiment in the heart «f (he rose. It la the flower of compliment an.t ever breathes its own »w«et language, a beauty and perfume. 4 Pxnlul. "So!" exclaimed Senator Sopgbum. ndlgnautly. "that man told you my vote was for sale." "He said so in so many words." "Well, you can go to hlai and refute he . calumny. It's for rent once lu while, but never for —*- " — on Star.
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