BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 150 Blythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Eisenhower Silent On Adlai s Plan Illinois Governor Calls For Seizure of Initiative By JACK BELL CHICAGO (AP) — Eisenhower administration officials were silent today on a proposal by Adlai E. Stevenson that the United States seize the cold war initiative by offering Russia a double-dyed non-aggression pact and a chance to agree on disarmament. Stevenson, the 1952 Democratic nominee n/d a cheering throng of Democrats who overflowed Chicago's 3.650-seat Civic Opera House last night that "the door to the conference room is the door to peace." The former Illinois governor laid down—with the backing of former President Truman Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) and other party leaders—a challenge to President Eisenhower to "think afresh" about offering the Soviets "durable assurances of non-aggression." If Russia puls impossible conditions on the acceptance of any non- aggression guarantee or declines to participate In an effective disarmament plan Stevenson said this would saddle on to Moscow the blame for continuance of the cold war. There was no immediate reac- ^)n from Eisenhower's summer •headquarters in Denver the United official circles in. Washington to Nations delegation in New York or the Democratc leader's suggestion. •• In an interview Sparkman interpreted Stevenson's statements— made in the form of a televised and radio report to the nation on his recent 26-nation world tour— as "a challenge to Russia to sit down with us at the conference table." Inactivity Charged Sparkman the 1952 Democratic vice presidential nominee said he and Stevenson feel the Eisenhower administration has not been active enough in countering Moscow's "peace offensive." "We feel that the United States has not been countering sufficiently, the moves which make Russia appear to a large segment of the world as the great advocate of peace" Sparkman declared. "We believe that this peace offensive must be met by action not just by words." Stevenson told the nation that in an era where "things are better" for the free world in Europe and "there is hope in the air" the United States cannot afford to be "reluctant to enter" any peace- promising conference. "If the Soviet Union -rejects assurances of non-aggression if the Red Army will not withdraw behind its borders if an Austrian peace treaty and German unification are impossible except on the Soviet's terms then we will at least have cleared the air" he declared. Stevenson's proposals paralleled in some respects those made by Eisenhower last April 18 when the President demanded that Russia show by deeds and not words the good faith of its peace feelers. At the summer White House in Denver Presidential Press Secretary James C. Hagerty said Presi- :nt Eisenhower would have no comment on Stevenson's speech. Stevenson wound up a two-day Democratic conference here with 3is televised speech billed as entirely "non-partisan." It was a partisan crowd however which stopped him short in the middle of a sentence with thunderous applause when he men- ioned the name of former President Truman. Row Avoided Stevenson spoke after Democrats had put in cold storage until 1956 an incipient row about their na- See DEMOCRATS on Page 14 McCarthy Wants UN Official Out Senator Asks Lodge's Aid In Ouster Move NEW YORK (AP) — Sen. Joseph R, McCarthy (R-Wis) is seeking aid from Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. in a move to get the United Nations to oust an official who McCarthy says has been aiding communism. McCarthy announced he was taking the case up with Lodge, chief U. S. delegate to the U. N. The senator is conducting closed hearings here of his Senate permanent investigations subcommittee, looking into communism among Americans on the U. N. payroll. McCarthy, who did not identify the American official whose ouster he sought, told newsmen: "He should be gotten rid of instantly. Regarding questions put to him concerning his alleged Communist activities, that witness had the worst memory of any witness we have had before us to Anti-Red PWs Stage Violent Demonstration By ROBERT TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM (AP) — Anti-Communist North Korean and Chinese prisoners demonstrated violently today against Communist observers at their compounds in the demilitarized zone. Prisoners in all five stockades hurled stones and screamed, "kill them, kill the Communists," as Red observer teams drove off for their headquarters at Kaesong, a spokesman for the Indian command said. Indian troops guard the prisoners. It was the first outbreak since :he Indians took added precautions to guard against violence two days ago. At that time they stretched date." McCarthy the official said, however, that admitted friendship ,28 Die in Airliner Crash in New York ALBANY, N. Y. CAP) — An American Airlines plane crashed, exploded and burned with a loss of 28 persons — all aboard — near the Albany airport today. The Convair, en route from Boston to Chicago pitched into a small lot near the Albany - Scheneetady highway, about 3 l /a miles from the airport. The plane exploded and burned rapidly. About a dozen passengers were thrown clear of the wreckage. The others were trapped in the flaming ship. The cause of the crash was not determined immediately. John W. Hodd, 23, an ex-navy pilot who lived nearby, said he heard the engine cut out and then roar as if the pilot had "gunned It." Hodd said that when he saw the crash he. ran to the door of the ilane and tried to open it but was riven back by the flames. Another witness, Mrs. Allice Pinne, who lived at the trailer camp near the scene of the crash, said the plane seemed to explode. Then she sa id, she saw a "shot of flame" that died immediately. Lester Hansen, truck driver, said he saw the plane circling low over the area. "It backfired a couple of times and then came down fast at about a 45-degree angle. The Convair just missed the trailer camp. i The accident scene' was about six miles east of Schenectady city line and eight miles west of Albany. Inspector Joseph Sayres of the state police said he believed the 25 passengers, the pilot and co-pilot and the stewardess were killed outright. ci r • n| Joiner Enrolls 500 Students JOINER — School Superintendent M. H. Benson said today that about 500 students have registered In Joiner schools to date and more enrollments ard expected after cotton picking- ends. He also anounced addition of two "nore teachers to the faculty. They are Mrs. Irene Hosey of Joiner, who will teach first grade, and Miss Clara Hurt, fourth grade- Miss Burt, formerly of Whitten, has been teaching in Charlotte, N. - C., for the past 20 years. Mrs. Benton said Reed Kurd of Leachville has been employed as teacher of public school music, glee club and piano. He will replace Mrs. Ellse Clark. Appeals DWI Fine Ha Johnson was charged in Municipal Court this morning with driving while Intoxicated and fined $100, and costs and sentenced to 24 hours In Jail. Mr. Johnson appealed to the dcrlsf- .1 to the Circuit Court, and bond was set at $150. District Four's Sewers Finished Commissioners Accept $25,000 Lateral System Blythevville Sewer District Four has accepted from Pride and Usrey, contractors, the 325,000 system of laterals, a lift station and main, which make sewage available in that section of west Blytheville for the first time. U. W. Moore. W. D. Cobb and D. S. Baggett. district commissioners, announced today that they have accepted the job, which was completed Monday. Some 10 or 12 homes have been connected thus far, but it was pointed out that connections are being m:ule daily. Monthly charges will be $2.15 and S2.25 per residence. There is a potential of between 250 and 300 connections. Mr. Baggett said. No treatment system was involved in the sewer improvements, A main is to cross Highway 18 near Lost Boy Courts and will empty into the main in David Acres. With good collections,, Mr. Baggett stated, the district will pay itself out in seven or eight years. He urged home-owners to make their connections as soon as possible. The system Is designed to spell an end to some of the area's outhouse and septic tank sewage expedients. Construction involved some 12,000 feet of eight and six inch pipe, 40 manholes and approximately 250 "Y's" for connections, the contractors stated. The lift station houses two with Communists and contributions to Red organizations. , The witness, who McCarthy mid has been drawing $12,000 a year at the U. N. secretariat since 1946, was questioned yesterday. McCarthy reported his testimony during a luncheon recess of the closed hearing. McCarthy said the witness, whom he described as "a high official" in the U. N., admitted having pleaded guilty in 1941 to a morals charge involving himself and another nian. The senator' said that at a luncheon with Lr.rtge he gave the U. N. delegate "a rough run-down on the stuff we have produced and hope to produce at the hearings." Enjoyable 'TITO Hours "All in all, it was a very enjoyable two hours," McCarthy told newsmen. "There is no question that Mr. Lodge-feels as strongly as we do In making sure that 10 American C n -oust us in the U. N ' McCarthy said he and Lodge had set up a "liaison" on the new investigation into the activities of American Reds in the U. N. McCarthy said he hoped Lodge would recommend to U. N. Secretary Gen. Dag Hammarskjold that the agency fire the official questioned yesterday. The senator added that Lodge does not have the power of dismissal. McCarthy said the official is a close personal friend of a former managing editor of Tass, the Soviet News Service. The official, McCarthy added, also admitted being a house guest in Vermont within the past month of a man who had been named in committee testimony as the liaison between the Soviet underground and the Communist party in this country. McCarthy said the U. N. official knew that the Vermonter—whom the senator did not identify—had been named by ex - Communist SOUTHERN DEMOCRATS CONFER — National Democratic Chairman Stephen Mitchell (right) confers with two leaders of the Southern Democrats, Gov. Hugh White (left) of Mississippi and Sov^ John S. Battle (center) of Virginia at the Democratic Party conference in Chicago. The rules and by-laws committee adopted a southern-sponsored resolution to' set up a special advisory committee to study the controversial issue of the so-called loyalty oath. (AP Photo) anvas across the barbed wire ences in front of the compounds and moved the observers farther back from the stockades. The Indian spokesman also said four more North Koreans have changed their minds about repatriation and asked to be returned to their homes. This makes 13 Noiih Koreans and one Chinese who have made Ihe switch. The U. N. Command Wednesday delivered lo Indian custody about 2,000 North Koreans who refused Ike and Benson Due to Reply To 'Broken Pledge' Charge By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER (AP) — President Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson may fire back today at Democrats accusing them of breaking 1952 campaign pledges to the l-ll + n-vvi'p ftvw,m*n * ° r ° nation's farmers. Cherry Voices Disapproval of Drouth Aid Sefyp Governor Speaks On Nationwide Radio Broadcast Whittaker liaison. Chambers as the. Red 150- gallnn-per-minute pumps which were designed to handle twice the output of the estimated 250 homes, a spokesman for Pride and Osrey pointed out. October Draft Quota of Ten Set for County An induction quota of 10 men has been set for the Mississippi County Draft Board No. 47 for October, according to Brig. Oen. E. L. Compere, Arkansas Selective Service director. This number is one lower than last month. The total inductions for the state will be 280 for October. told a nationwide radio auflicnce last night that he doesn't approve of the way federal drought aid has been administered. Meanwhile, the Department of Agriculture dropped nine Arkansas counties from the federal program and reinstated five more. Gov. Cherry taped the broadcast for the Mutual Broadcasting System's "State Of The Union" program before leaving for the Democratic Party convention in Chicago. He said there has been a tendency to give more attention to the big farm operators rather than the small farmer and that he had threatened to walk out of a recent drought conference with President Eisenhower because other delegates appeared to cater to the larger planters. He was unavailable for comment on the Washington action dropping from the federal drought aid list Crawford, Franklin, Sebastian, Logan, Scott, Yell, Polk, Montgomery and Pike counties. However, Nolen McOee, acting State Production and Marketing Administration chief, said he had been advised the department based its decision on the amount of pasture improvement, the condition of feed crops and the amount of rainfall in the past three months. Grant. Hot Springs, Lee, Lonoke and Prairie counties were added to the list. McGee said it was his understanding that these counties, previously approved for drought aid and then dropped from the program, had appea.^cl the previous decision. Forty-two counties now are eligible for the government program of low-cost livestock feed. • The President and Benson arranged to talk over farm problems at Eisenhower's vacation headquarters (11 a. m. EST) and the opposition's volley appeared likely to be discussed. Indications were Benson would hold a news conference after the meeting. Democrats conferring in Chicago cut loose at the administration on farm policy yesterday as Rep. Simpson (R-Pa) told newsmen at the summer White House here that Eisenhower plans to take an active part in next year's congressional elections campaign. • Stepson Chairman of the GOP tofljressional Campaign Committee, met with the President and described him as determined to do everything possible to keep control of Congress in Republican hands. Simpson said he assumed Eisenhower will take the stump in some states next year. The Pennsylvania lawmaker said his surveys show that GOP leaders in some areas feel the administration has been too slow about putting its announced programs into effect. At the Chicago conference three former secretaries of agriculture in democratic administrations — Sen. Anderson (D-NM), Charles P. Brnnnan and Claude Wickard—led nn assault on Eisenhower farm policies. They were joined by Oov. G. Mennen Williams of Michigan. Repudiation Charges Brannan and Williams contended Eisenhower had broken campaign pledges. "They were good pledges and strong assurances to the farmers, but they have been repudiated since election day," Brannan declared. Wickard said the Republican administration has demonstrated "no enthusiasm" for farm price support programs during its first nine months in office. Benson denied yesierday In Salt Lake City that he had resigned. An Eisenhower aide who asked not to be named said the President had given no indication he is in anyway displeased over the way Benson has handled his job. Labeled as "just sound and fury" attacks on the adminisliation by Adlai E. Stevenson, the 1!)52 presi- dential nominee. Miss Betha Adkins, in charge of women's activities for the GOP National Committee, said former President Truman had made "just a lot of noise" in assailing the Republicans. Stevenson and Truman addressed a Democratic rally in Chicago Tuesday night. Meanwhile, Hagerty said Eisenhower would have no comment on another Stevenson speech last night calling for new efforts at world disarmament. repatriation and said 2,000 Chine would be handed over Thursday. Wednesday's delivery raised 9,600 the number of anti-Comm nist POWs turned over to the I dlans. About 14,000 are awaitin delivery. Meanwhile, the U. N. Comman said it will press for an accountln of 3,404 men believed still in Re captivity. Reds Ignore Demand The Communists failed at meeting of the Joint Militai Armistice Commission to mentio the Sept. 9 demand that the Red return or account for the missin men. Maj. Gen. Blackshear M. Brya: senior Allied member of the con mission, told newsmen after tl meeting he would ask the Red about it "before too long." He added that the Communist probably needed more time check the list. The list containe the names of D.N. fighting men th Communists were believed to hav captured but who failed to retur in last month's exchange of pris oriers. It includes more than 900 Amer leans. The list was compiled from Com munlst broadcasts and publica Jons, from reports of recently re -urned prisoners and from othe sources. The meeting of the arm stlce commission produced a agreement on press coverage 1: the demilitarized zone. One hun dred newsmen from both sides \vV be allowed in the buffer zone daily The commission also announcer withdrawal from the 2'/ 2 mile wldt zone of salvage teams which hai •ecovered equipment from the net work of bunkers and fortification, Chuck Foster to Play For Cotton Contest Ball Ever-popular Chuck Foster will bring his band and vocal stars to the National Cotton Picking Contest's annual Cotton Ball Oct. 2. Known over the national for hi. donceable rhythms, Foster will bi making his second appearance a the Contest ball, which annual!; climaxes the two-day cotton picking event. Poster began hts career In the big leagues of the music world nearly 12 years ago when he opened ai the Los Angeles Biltmore Hotel ir the Biltmore Bowl. As a result of this engagement he was selected to play for th< Academy Awards (Oscar) ball tha year when President Franklin D Roosevelt, Judy Garland, Bette Davis and Rita Hayworth appeared on his bandstand. He is best known In this area for his appearances In Memphis, where he has been a hotel favorite since the .late 1030's. Featured vocalists with the band are Delores Marshall and Tommy Daniels. The cotton ball will return this year to its usual home in the Main Exhibit Building at Walker Park Chuck Foster Ark-Mo Bond Issue Okayed The Arkansas Public Service Commission in Little Rock Monday ap proved a $2, 000,000 bond issue pro posed by Arkansas-Missouri Powe; Co. The utility plans to use revenui from the bond issue to retire outstanding indebtness and for it electric and natural gas construe tion programs. Red Ax Falls Again; Stalin's Son Purged Brief Earth Tremor Shakes Blytheyille A brief earth tremor shook Blytheville slightly shortly after 8:20 a. m. today. The tremor lasted about three secon'K No damage had been reported by noon. By LEON DENNEN NBA Staff Correspondent PARIS — (NBA) — Vassily Stalin, the dead dictator's hard-drinking and fast-living son, is a prisoner in a slave labor camp of Kolyma in the Arctic region, an Allied diplomat who just returned from Moscow reports. Young Stalin, until his recent disgrace, had the rank of Lieutenant General of the Soviet Air Force and was a deputy of the Moscow Soviet. The purge 01 me late dictator's dissolute son is believed to be another victory for Premier Georgi Malenkov in the Kremlin's bloody struggle for power, the diplomat told me, . Vassily Stalin was known to be Malenkov's bitter enemy. He openly charged the new boss of the Kremlin with responsibility for his father's death. He reportedly backed Lavrentl Berla, deposed chief of. the Soviet secret police, In of h , s father yo at „ the latter's frantic race to grab ab- VASSILY STALIN: For his downfall, few Russian tears. solute power world. in the Red under. Even during lie tyrannical reign versally hated In Russia. Few teai will be shed over his disgrace. He Army rtlculcrly despised In Rod ranks where he once ran roughshod over many high ranking officers, including Marshal Gregory Zhukov. The disgrace of Vassily was first noted by western diplomats Aug. 23 vhen h6 failed to appear as the leader of Russia's annual military air parade. In the past he was the star of the show. Svetlana Stalin, the late dictator's spirited daughter, alarmed by her brother's sudden disappearance, as! "d to see Premier Malen- kov. She was refused admission to the Kremlin where -she was raised as a child and where her father once reigned supreme. However, Svetlnna was inlormrd hy the secretary oi the district committee of the Moscow Communist Party Jiat her brother was detailed to Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Far Eastern Command and could not return to Moscow in time for the air parade. After several weeks, Svetlana asked for another interview with Malenkov. The Red Premier refused to see her. Neither would Vyacheslav Molotov, the No. 2 man in the new Kremlin, although .she Is m.arrl'd to one of tolotov's nephews. This time, however, Svetlana was told the bitter truth. Her brother had violated the discipline and oath of loyalty which binds every Red Army officer. As punishment he was sent to a "correction camp" in Kolyma — one of Russia's vast net of slave labor camps which, ironically enough, the late dictator designed for his political opponents. he disgrace of Vassily lifts tiny corner of the Iron Curtain that veils the Intrigue and conspiracy now Ijeing enacted in the Kremlin". Did Stalin dlft a natural death or did Malenkov and Molotov have a hand in the pa.-ising? Was Berla deposed because he knew the Identity of Stalin's assassins? Fantastic? Not if you know the history of Red Russia. The late Leon Trotsky once charged that Stalin, in his ruthless climb to power, actually poisoned the ailing Lenin. Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico In 1940 at Stalin's behest. Young Vassily Is known to have tated openly that Malenkov killed hit father. He- cited as proof, among other things, the fact that noithr-r he nor his sister were per- i milled to sec the dictator during Set RUSSIA on Pace 14 Autry Is Named Delegate to Education Meet State Rep. L. H. Autry of Burdette has been named a member of a six-man delegation which will represent Arkansas at the second annual Legislative Work Conference on Southern Regional Education Sept. 24-25 at Daytona Beach, Fla. Rep. Autry. who is superintendent of Burdette schools, also is a member of the Planning Committee for the .South-wide conference. The dclgation was apolnted by Gov. Francis Chrry. The conference will be sponsored by the Southern Regional Education Board. Dr. John E. Ivey, Jr.. member of the board, said theme of the conference will be "how legislatures can help insure the highest possible quality of education in the South per tax dollar spent." Inside Today's Courier News . . . The Calls Story . . . Innocent Records Are Twisted in Reds' Questioning . , . Page 2 ... . , , Society News . . . Page 4 ... . . . . Hoover of the FBI . . . First of Three Stories on the Nation's Top Policeman . . . Page 5 ... . . Beltyc Nelle Starr Feature . Osceoli News . . . Page . . Editorials . . . Page 8 ... . . Injury-Ridden Chicks Prepare for North Ultlc Rock . . . Sports . . . Paire* 10 and II ... on what was once the front line. One Chinese Turned Over The five-n a t i o n Repatriation Commission turned over to the Communists at Panmunjom one Chinese prisoner who refused repatriation in the prisoner eKchange but who later asked to be sent to Red China. In all, nearly 23,000 anti-Communist captives will be released by the TJ.N. Command to the Indian troops under supervision Of the Repatriation Commission. The Communists have said they would deliver 300 South Koreans and more than 20 non-Koreans who refused repatriation to the demilitarized zone Sunday. Beginning about Sept. 25 each side will be allowed 90 days to try to persuade the POWs to return home. The fate of those still, resisting repatriation then will be debated for a month by the projected Korean peace conference. Should the conference fail to reach a solution the remaining prisoners will be released as civilians. * * * Vishinsky May Seek New Change Effort to Alter Parley Plan Expected >«--.-•- ,Mv-..- - -' '--:-•• [ .... By MAX HARRELSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. AP) — Russia's Andrei Y. Vishinsky was expected to make a determined effort today to get the U. N. Assembly .o reconsider its decision bar- •ing so-called neutrals from .he Korean peace conference. The United States was ready to nake just as determined a bid to lersuade the U. N. to stand pat on he action it took last month to imit the parley to the countries vhich fought under the D. N. ban- icr and those willing to line up m the Communist side. Western diplomats believed they lad as good a chance to defeat lussia on the Korean question as hey did yesterday, when they won : one-sided victory on the question f seating Bed China in the U. N. At the opening meeting of its ighth annual session, the 60-nation general assembly quickly voted 440, with two abstentions, to defer ny further consideration of Chiese representation the rest of 1953. Only the five Soviet bloc countries, nd India, Indonsia, Yugoslavia, forway and Sweden voted against he postponement. The Assembly's other major ac- ion at the session opening was the lection of Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi andlt, sister of India's Prime Minister Nehru, as its president. China Demands Reconsideration The Korean question was sched- led to come up this afternoon at meeting of the assembly's pow- rful 15-natlon steering committee. was not clear, however, just ow Vishinsky would approach the roblem. Red China's foreign minister hou En-lai has demanded that consideration of plans for the eace conference be put on the ssembly's agenda as a new item, ut the Korean problem already on the agenda, apparently mak- ig such a move unnecessary. At any rate, Vishinsky was ex- ected to demand that the steer- B committee recommend top •iority for this issue in the 60- ition political committee, here de- iled discussion will take place •See U. N . on Page 14 Weather ARKANSAS — Generally fair is afternoon, tonight and Thurs| day; no important temperature change. MISSOURI—Pair tonight; Thursday partly cloudy north, fair south; warmer east and south Thursday. Maximum yesterday—01. Minimum yesterday—58. Sunrise tomorrow—5 :<H. Sunset today—6:06. Precipitation last 24 hours to 8:30 p. m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—74.5. Precipitation Jim. 1 to date—32.79. This Date Last Year Minimum yesterday—70. Maximum yesterday—88. Precipitation Jar.uary 1 to date—. 37.24.
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