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FINANCIAL. Kossuth County State Bank, Deposits received, money loaned, foreign and domestic exchange bought and sold. Collec ttons made promptly, and a general banking business transacted. Passage tickets to or from the old countries sold at lowest rates. WM. H. INGMAM, President; T. CHKISCH1I.LES, Vice Pres; LEWIS H. SMITH. OartUef Directors— Wm. H. Ingham, John G. Smith, J. B. Jones, T. Ohrischllies, Lewis H. Smith, J. W. Wadsworth, Barnet Devlne. First National Bank of Algona, CAPITAL $50,001' AMBROSE A. CALL Prenident. \ WM. K. FERGUSON . D. S. BUIOHIffS Vice President \ CBA.8. A. PALMER Assistant Casfite? Directors—U. H. Hutchlna, 8. A. Ferguson, Philip Dorweiler, F. H. Vesper, Ambrose A. Call, B. H. Spencer, Wm. K. Ferguson. Money alvirays on hand to loan at reasonable rates to parties furnishing Hrst-class security. Special attention given to collections. Officer* and Director»— A. D, Clarice, President, C. C. Chubb, Vice Prest., Thos. H. Lantry. Cashier, Qeo. L. Galbrattn. Fred. M. Miller. Myron Schenck, Thos. F. Cooke. RASH CAPITA1,. f 60,000. General Banking, PRIVATE 8AFKTY DEPOSIT YAVLTB tar-Interest paid on time deposits. KOSSUTH SOLDIER IN CUBA Herman Everdinfir Gives Pen Pictures of the Situation There. What a Soldier's Funeral te Like— Weyler's Victims—The fare of the Soldiers, Etc. SPANISH /. T. Chrisch tiles, f'rem'dtnf. G. C. Hudson, T. H. Lantry, Jamex Patterson, Recretary. ALCONA MILLING COMPANY: . ——[INCORPORATED.] HIGHEST PRICES PAID for all kinds of Grain and Seeds. Dealers In Hard and Soft Coal. Manufacturers of Strictly Hlgli-gi ado Flour. Special attention paid to the Exchange rii Grist Business. Owing to the large and constantly increasing demand for our superior grade of flour we are enabled to offer from 5 to 10 cents per bushel above the market price for good wheat. F. W. DINGLEY, Manager. NSURANCE. Also Iiimd, Loan and Collection Buslness.- Ofllce over Algona State Bank. Farmers' of Cedar KupldH, Phoenix of Hartford, Hanover of New York, Minnesota Fire, Minneapolis, Kockford of Rockford, Lloyd's Plato Glass of NeW York, United States Life of New York. GEO. M. BAILEY. SKl Is! PROFESSIONAL. CLARKE & COHENOUR, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office over First National bank, Algona, la. E. H. CLA.RKE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Collection agent. Boston block. DANSON & BUTLER, LAW. LOANS. LAND. Collectlonn a specialty. Office over Galbralth'H. SULLIVAN & McMAHON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office In Hoxif-Feruuson bl jck. The Wetmore Truss. E. V. SWETTING, ATTONE Y AT LA Algona, Iowa. Telephone No. W. ^^^ 3. C. RAYMOND. B. C. UAYMON1) Raymond <i Raymond, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office over Durdall's stove. Algona, Iowa. FREDERICK M, ATTORNEY CURTISS, AT LAW. Office over Kossuth County State Bank, Algona, Iowa. Tins TRUSS UUROKUS Mul I WlAR TIIR WeTtJOKU THUS* B. F. REED, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office: South rooms over Durdall's store, Algona, Iowa. 1. f. Harrington. J. L. Dickinson HARRINGTON & DICKINSON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office over Geo C. Call's. Algona, Iowa. F. L. TRIBON, M. D., Homeopathic. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office In the Boston Block; residence on north Thorlngton street. A truss embodying the simplicity and durability of all other trusses, and yet unlike any of them. The most simple truss ever made. Is practically indestructible—wears forever. Made on strictly hygienic principles—no cumbersome springs to pass about the body. It gives perfect freedom of action without the slightest movement of the truss. Does not take one-half the pressure to hold the rupture that the old style takes, Hold the rupture easily, yet lirmly and surely. It stays just where it Is placed. It is the cheapest high-grade truss yet produced, It is absolutely guaranteed to fit and hold the hernia with comfort, or money will be refunded. Don't buy any other truss before giving the Wetmore a trial. For sale and guaranteed by H. C. McCOY, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND 8UR0SON. Office at residence, McGregor st.ve.. PHYSICIAN ANP, SURGEON, Algona, Iowa. M. J. KENEFICK, PHYSICIAN AND SURti/EON. Office and residence over Taylor's. Herman Everding, who is still in Cuba, has written several letters to the J. O, Pax- sou family recently, and in them are paragraphs which give a picture of the Cuba of today, in a letter dated July 20 he writes: "The Cubans were having a great time In this town, Sagna La Grand, last night. Some Spaniards wanted to raise the Span. [Sh flaK; but the post commandant wouldn't allow it as it would cause trouble and there was a guard placed near the flag pole to prevent it from being raised. And to-night there is a mob of Cubans, some with Amer icau flags and some with Cuban flags, parading through the streets yelling. A CUBAN STORM. " It rains here twice a day now, and it rains, too, I can tell you. 1 never saw such thunder storms as they have on this island. Sometimes It don't rain atall but. just thunders and lightnings. Did I tell .you about the hospital getting struck by lightning: and killing a man and crippling two others? One man hasn't recovered from tlm shouk yet. A SOUIIBK'S FUNEUAI,. "You ought to have seen the funeral they gave the soldier that got killed. It was'a nice one for a soldier. But they suy an artilleryman has a much nicer one. It must be out of sight If it is. They put him in a metallic coffin and buried him up near the cemetery. The metallic coffin was inside of H caskot that looked like polished oak and looked .very nice. His horsu was covered with black crepe with a white bor- dur about three Inches thick around it. The cloth covered the horse over, andcamoover his ears and face with two holes cut in it for eyes. The bridle had red white and blue ribbons twisted around the crown piece and head stalls and ribbons were hung from both rosettes. His riding boots wore reversed in the stirups. The carbino and sabre hung to tlm entitle of the saddle. The funeral possession was led by eight men, then caine the ambulance and firing squad, then four of the officers, then tho dead man's horse, led by two men on foot, then the rest o'f the two troop's. fThere arc only two troops at this post, land L troops). Wo walked our horses very slow to keep time to tho dead march. When we caine to the grave the two troops were formed on three sides of the grave. The officers were at one end of grave, the fh'iiip- squml at, the other and the trumpeter on tho side. The 11outenunt road the funeral services, and after the salute WHS fli-ed the trumpeter blow taps and all was over. Such is the funeral of a cavalryman in Cuba. A CUBAN FUNK1IAI.. The way the Cubans bury their dead is something you ought to see. Tho coffin is carried on the shoulders of four men,unless the deceased is u rich mitn,then tlioy havo a two wheeled cart drawn by a mule or by a team of oxen. The mourners all walk behind the coffin. When they come to tho cemetery, if the man WUH poor, only nblo to pay for the coffin to carry him to his grave, they take the corpse out and put it in the grave and take tho coffin baok to the undor- tuker. If the rent on the grave becomes due and the dead person's relatives do not pay the rent,, they dig up tho bones and throw them in the bono pile and UBO the grave for another person. There are two big bone piles,in the cemetery. At Sagna La Grand there is u very large cemetery, they have two bone piles there, one for Spaniards and one for the Cubans. The Cuban's pile WHS the largest.' WKYMSlt'S VICTIMS. We went through the hospitals ihere and saw some of Weyler's victims. They were a sight to behold, half starved, some without an arm or leg. One fellow had his nose cutoff, all there was left was u stub nnd'a hble about as big as u Lima: bean: When wo marched here from Cionfuegqs there were lots of starved people. The cook gave thorn something to eat as long as the food lasted. You ought to see the rations the government is giving tho Cu* bans. They were getting fed better than we were the first six -weeks we were on the island. We get plenty to eat now though. A SOUHBH'S FAKE. "They still get something, that wo don't get and that is canned roust beef and corned bee/, none of us wanted any of it. Such were the rations the soldiers were fed on during ,tl) B ..war. No wonder they died. They Issue'd'corn beef to- us on tho train from Huntsville, Ala., to Savannah; but we didn't eat it. We" gave it to the niggers and when we'd stop to feed the horses we would get off and buy something to eat. THOUBLE WITH AN ITALIAN. "A soldier was stabbed by an Itnllan in Savannah, just as we were going aboard the transport. The Italian kept a lunch counter upon the bank of a canal near the dock. When he stabbed the mpn, he ran toward the outskirts of the city, and his partner closed up the shack (it was like the pop corn shack John runs there in Algona near Galbratth's, only a little larger). AU the soldiers got around the shack and threw It in the canal and begau throwing rocks on it and broke it up. There were buns, bread, tt bid Imipreti the OttnUhlUtder *f til* German CrnUer feele* ** ' Wondferfni, Capt. Jacobsen, commander of the German cruiser Geier, has published in the Marine Review, of Berlin, two articles about his personal experience&during the Spanish-American campaign in Santiago. In speaking of Spanish gunnery he says: "I have heard of only one instance where a Spanish shell found a.n American warship. This was sent Into the Texas while that battleship was bombarding the Socopa batteries. "One night while the American battleships kept up a continuous bombarding one of the attacking vessels was found by the searchlights of the battery. The Spaniards opened fire on it, but instead of hitting the vessel the Iowa, which lay under 'the cover of darkness, was struck by the shell from the Spanish howitzer. "Great must have been the fright of the American officers when on taking charge of Morro they found that the cannon operated against them by the Spanish bore the dates 1608 and 1718. Part of these howitzers were found loaded as the Americans took charge. The officer in charge ordered them to be fired off, and found to his great surprise that the longest distance one of these shots would traverse was 800 yards. "With due apologies to the brethren of Yankeeland, did the thrifty Americans really allow themselves to be frightened at this Spanish 'bluff?' In the beginning, perhaps yes, I must confess, and so do my officers, that while watching the proceedings from our cruiser we had not the faintest idea that the Spanish batteries had such antique material to defend their glorious honor with." A SOLDIER PUNISHED. Humiliated fet Hftvlttft to P*bll*tr Ref **6t Ail t**ttit M HI* AN UNHEALTHY JOB. Do** 0*«fc**ft ift Hi* *****§ 0* T*«it HUMOR OF THE INSANE. There !• Plenty of the Real Thing 1 , the Superintendent of The Parisian paperi *te t*rl<«usiy commenting on an ihcideiit that lately occurred in the garrison, at Toulon. A. soldier named B , while ankmg hiai comrades at the barracks, said things Which Oopcral Delhofbe deemed an insult to the French flag. The corporal ordered the man to be punished. The colonel, when he heard of the case, waa horrified and straightway reported the matter to Gen. Coronnat, commanding tihe Fourth brigade of marine imfantfy. The general was also horrified, and ftd^ dressed the following letter to the troops under his command: "Private B , of the Eleventh company, Eighth jegiment, has been punished for having wantonly said outrageous things concerning the flag. It is with sadneta that the general brings to the knowledge of the troops this incident, wtiioh fe a, veritable crime against the country, * * * As this soldier had deplorable antecedents, insults coming from him oannot soil the sacred emblem. But as he regrets his fault, we shall confine ourselves this time to the following reparation: The Eleventh company, which witnessed the scandal, shall be formed in the square of execution before the colonel's office, and the flag B&iall be unfurled. Private B ehall present arms to it and express his re- grots in swearing to die for the honor of the flag, as every good soldier ougbt to do. If this soldier had. not signified bis repentance, on*, of the five men. of tiie color guard, drawn by lot, would have forced a retraction with arms in his hands, and the delinquent would have been seat to a 'compagnie d« discipline. 1 The color guard chose to'd4> tend the flag against the enemy should have the privilege to defend it against iusulters. Corporal Deltorbe is ,to be praised for having noted the words of Private B and for having caused' hi« punishment." OBJECTED TO HER GLANCES. 0*1* At*. Door openers have the most ttn- healthy job 021 the list of occupationa. During the holiday rush all the bif stores hate from two to a dozen snob employe*. They run principally to boys. In the great office buildings inea do the work. Door openers are oft their feet from seven o'clock in the morning- till btisineai close* at six in the evening; and it !•• pull and push- on the heavy doors aU day long, allowing persona to ente* or leave the store* and buildings, without physical effort or without coming into contact with the cold latch handle*. The Work is poorly paid for. Tbe wages are lower than those given to the ordinary laborer, and the men. and boys engaged in it are supposed to keep ,' themselvetf neatly olad andimmaculate > in linen, In some place* tallfbnn* are provided for them. Door openers are, frequently miss- . ing from their posts.' NeW faces smile on the regular frequenters or tenants' of buildings; who; passing iti, inquired n "Where's John," or "Tim?"; <or what-' • ever the missing dOor : openerV name may have been. > "Pneumonia" is the general answer, and sufficient explanation. 1 For the door opener is exposed) to the coldest blast* of winter and the com- ' fortable heat that comes from within. His temperature is subject to such constant changes that he cannot "dress . against" his conditions and sickness comes inevitably. LADDER ON THE CHIMNEY. "I was sitting in my office the other day," sadd the superintendent of the insane asylum at Parlor City, "when, one of the patients, a harmless fellow who is allowed to have the freedom of the building and grounds, came in, pale with indignation, and said that he had a complaint to make. " 'What is it, your highness?' I said, for it was the prince of Wales I was talking to. " 'Are the rules of the palace to be observed or not?' he demanded. 'I want to know whether our rules can be broken, with impunity?' " 'Certainly not, your highness,' I said; 'what is it?' " 'I was coming down th«^ corridor this morning," be said, 'and in a rock on the wall I saw a dozen red pails, marked "for fire only." Now, is that right or not?' " 'It is,' I said. The sign is correct.' "'Well, then,' he said, 'John (referring to a keeper) must be punished. As I stood there he came along and filled the pails with water.' " 'He shall be executed at once,' I said, and the prince bowed with great seriousness and walked out of the room. "This incident illustrates a trick which few people know anything about," continued the superintendent. "That is, there is more unconscious humor about a lot of lunatics than there is genuine humor among sane people. Some of the things that my patients'say and do are funnier than any of the things I read or Itear from the outside world. I tell you, life isn't BO prosaic as you'd think in an insane asylum." THEATRICAL "JONAHS." game In»ttutoe« That Seem to Gi-re Good Kxco«e for the Superstition of Actor*. A! Woman Thought to De Trying to Influence Jurymen Proved to Be Blind. That Juries are affected by handsome and languishing eyes is proven by a remarkable experience of the greatest advocate- at tfy; New York bar, the late Jotmes T. Brady, He was counsel tor a young woman in a case involving aa attempt to break a wUL His client sect by hda side. She was a very beautiful young woman, whose eyes seemed always to rivet the attention of those upon whom her glance fell. There wan tf pathetic expression which affected everyone. She sat watching 1 the jury daring the course of the trial and at last there was some complaint that she was attempting by means of her glances to excite the sympathy of the jury, says the Philadelphia Press. Then Air. Brady arose and inion* of the most touching and beautiful of all the addresses he ever made in court he spoke o£ the blessings which everyone •who had an appreciation of. beautiful things and could see them enjoyed, and dwelt for some moments upon the happy lot of the jury, who could eee the' budding of the flowers—It was then springrtime—and the charms of nature, then, suddenly turning to his client, he raid: "That blessing is denied my cli- emt, for, though sine has eyes which may seem to look upon you, gentlemen, there is no vision in them, for her eight has been taken from her." She had been, in> fact, the victim of total paralysis of the optic nerve, which had not impaired the beauty of her eyes, but had given to them that singularly pathetic expression which she was ti/ue falsely charged with employ-* ing th&t she might secure the sympathies of the jury. RAG TIME. Th« Variant Purpose* That It !• De' ' »l«ned to Serve on T*ll Smokefftmok*. . Blender iron ladders are often Been attached to grea-temokefltaoks.amdeepe- • dally to big lofty firebrick-lined stacks of iron. Sometimes in the case of twin Iron chimneys standing close together a light spiral stairway is run up between them to the top, serving the pur- . pose of a ladder and being more oonr venient, says the New York Bun. < It doesn't cost very much to build in a ladder aa the chimney goes up, an4 there is then in place a permanent and convenient means of getting" at any part of the ohimney, inside or out, for any purpose. Brick , ohlmmeya are sometimes lined with fire brick, and, they- are also sometime*:bull* with, a space between the flue and tiie outer structure. If for any reason it ahould, be desired to get at the-interior bf a chimney the ladder affords, a ready and convenient mean* of access to the topi from which a man can be lowered in a '' bo'sun's chair;> In-the case'ot chimney •; cap*, built perhaps of a number; , of • pieces, the ladderi gives a convenient, means,, already,,in place, fox getting »* the top of th« chimney tor any repairs that may bo nece*oa^ry. ; ' The more common'vtoe* of the ladder,, however, are tho««ito which Hl»- • primarily devoted on iron chimneys, upon which it i» mo*t commonly found* > —to nmke more conveni«nt the periodical inspection of the chimney! and to make the cUmney esaier of. access for • its regular painting, ; 'INSIGNIA ON OVERCOATS. W. J. STUDLEY, Pharmacist, Boston block, ALGONA, IOWA. DR. MARGARET E. COLES, Jfomeopatliio Physician and Surgeon. Office and residence In Bostop Block, ALGONA, IOWA. ill DENTIST. A. L. RI8T. D. D. S, Local anaesthetic to\ deadening pain in gums when extracting teeth. WATER OR NO PAY. Artesian W#« uocviactor. /, hi»yt» the. only •cable steam drilling machine owntTu in- the •county! slate well*tor watw supply tovtowns, «ltles, ftna- railroads. . Special attention to farm well. WPk, VEstimates; made, I em- only expert .drJJJers. £<Wyesp A. F BLANK8- ^ THE STANDARD Sutt's Sure Bemedy for Hog Cholera. READ THIS TESTIMONIAL Algona, Iowa, Aug. 85, 1899,^-To whom it may concern : My hogs were sick; I bad lost four, »n« had others that were very sick, that I had no ralth in saying, as the trouble seemed to be spreading quite fast. In fact I had no faith in nog cholera medicine, having tried several kinds without success. I consented to reetlye pies and everything floating around on the water. The colonel came around and told us to go back to the cars and stay there, The Italian was hung afterwards. UELKIIUATINO THE FOUllTII. "We had a great time hero the Fourth of July we did not have any gun to fire ttio national salute so wo used two anvils; they answered the purpose. We had boxing matches, wroslinp matches, suck race, potato race and 100 yard dash and broad jump. After the games were half over the Cuban bund pamo down the street on adead march playing Yankee Doodle. You ought to hear their band, It is a cuckoo: it would be just the thing to serenade with. I should'nt call it music, their old kettle drum made more racket than any of the other instruments. You ought to hear the music at one of their fandangoes as they call It. They tuive un old pipe organ that turns with a prauk, and another tiling, I don't know what it is, which sounds like someone had-one of those scouring chains and were scraping it over a wash board," one, ualn INCHES , . cheerfully „„„,,_, --., , ~ CUioleVa Preventive to ftog rals.wn, and feel as- aured ll will ftilly flU the claim* made tm ' », (Signed) p. °™™ Manufactured and guavanteud by llecullH Old FrlenUt*. The Indiunola Ho mid bus the following note about Miss Jodie Baker, daughter oj Prof. O. H. Baker, well remembered from Algntm college days: Fruf. Joanna BaUei 1 after u year's absence at Chictigo Uuivei'Hit.v, returns home Saturday preparatory tt, reBum- inn tiuv work in Si in peon college as prp/iwHor pf Qretsti, She haa spent llie Whole year in urchfeologioul inyesti^a- tioiif and studien portaidiot to her de- partiutjiiVf Mi us Bjil(t'r had before goiny: to the utjlvei'aity earned the reputation of being Olio of the iiuwt thor- onujiGreek acfiolttrs in Aronrlim and thin yeur'w twtio^irtlioii and study with lohomrs of wpi-ld-wlde reputntioj) l|ua afforded her opportunity of studyinff the newest faotf in philology, and of Qbgej-vintf tjve, latest meU»,od»of i.ostrne- ttpn. Mi>i6 Baker now euteVe her ninth yeartis professor of Greek Ituigimge, The world has heard much of many theatrical superstitions, but little is known by the public of the painful fact that there is many an excellent actor who is regarded in deep, sober earnestness by managers, authors and actors alike as a "Jonah" and a bird of ill- omen, says the Chicago Journal. It is not, of course, possible to mention names, but half a dozen well- known men might be instantly named who are not now, and have not been for years, allowed on any account to appear in any new piece or at the inauguration of any new management, and their names have been ruthlessly crossed off when they have inadvertently crept into benefit announcement*. One of the hardest-headed authors of eminence In this country only recently waa horrified to find the name of one of these actors connected even with the revival of a play of his, and he insisted upon the engagement being canceled at once. There is no getting over the fact that some of these men, good actors'though they are, have never yet been connected with a play that has made a hit or achieved • run. •m Shore Dmt? *m»> Stole » Tooth »• • Souvenir. , "People chip off fragments from gravestones," said a traveler, "to carry away as souyenirs, and twigs and leaves from trees, and that sort of thing, so that it is sometimes necessary to protect those objects to save them. But the most curious thing I ever saw in the nay of souvenir grabbing was in th.e catacomb* of Paris, where/ ope of a party of sightseers, following a guide along toe passages lined with human bones, pulled out « tooth from » skull," T«i*per •» *P luSoewca «* Vftlo*. Temper, says «n> authority, lias Jm,' jnens« influence on the tone of tbe sing. ing voice. A» ill-natured or querulous. person will invariably havj» a catlike quality in the voice, wWch ie per^ep A Pop«l«r Neirro Phrjuie *f the That H** It* Orl*lm 1m l»h IHulo. "What is 'ragi time?' " the eathusi- K&tic artist was asked, according, to the Baltimore Sun. "Well, the extensive literature on this subject will explain/ it best. Now, tex« '8 a rag-tdme primer." At this juncture he produced, a big piece of cheet music with the picture of a young man looking very unhappy in a dress suit. "This young fellow," pointing to the picture and reading, "claims to be the 'original instructor to the stage of the now popular rag time in Ethiopian song.' The author guarantees to teach anybody who can. play the piano a bit how to play in rag time. The preface says 'rag time (or negro dance time) originally takes its Imitation steps from Spanish music, or rather, from Mexico, where it is known under the head and names of Habanara Seguidilla, etc., being 1 notlj- ing but consecutive music, either in treble or bassr followed by regular time Jn one hand. In common and two-four time the quarter note of the bass precedes the melody.' In other words, it is what the musicians call syncopation, and this syncopation, and this change of accent in the accompaniment, is kept up continually in the same way its the beat of a snare drum. "This, metho4 shows the pupil how to play a rag-time accompaniment to any piece. Here ' is even an arrangement of 'Old Hundred,' 'Annie Laurie, 1 and the hymn, 'Come, Thou Fount of Bvory Blessing.' Wonderful, isn't it?" up. Book* 1 Japanese now ' publish three times as many bpoks «$ the Italians', Whoa*' literary JW&Wt seem laded ftlmott entirely away. Naral Ttalivnm prl»« S«Bte OAoera. During: the recent convention of the national guard officers at the Palmer house several officers appeared wearing uniform overcoat* with the hood hanging down the back and brigihtnew shoulder straps- glaring on the shoulders. These officers seemed to be unconscious of the unusual display, says •a Chicago «T"ha.-nfl«v- T)iv > '^f T "* T " •""?«•*'* insignia on the sleerves of their overcoat*, narrow fe*toonB of black idlk • ' braid being all that ia needed to tell the grade. Bo as tha«* officer* ent*ned the olubrcom with mb,ould«r strap* outside their overcoats consldera/ble comment, followed," "What's the mieaBing of that, do you think'?" was the question of one grizzled colonel, who has participated in two wars, "Give tt up," Ms companion answered. "Qnesa they are Afraid, we won't know they are officers. First thing i you know some of these, militias- men will wear shoulder straps on their undershirts," A closer inspection revealed the foot that the officer* under discussion were naval • militiamen. The uniform pre-r scribed for naval officer* on shore duty calls for shoulder straps on the overcoat, and they were simply complying with regulations. One of them expressed his disgust because of the enforced display and consequent ridicule from tbx»ee acquainted witf* fa* I4>w, but he was powerless, Ivom Givixv Plwee to Steel. Steel has almost eupeiraeded iron in the manufacture of pipe and tub ing until it is estimated that almost 76 per cent, of the entire product of the country is now made of steel. Up to a few years ago wrong!!* Iron TOW used almost exclusively.. The lap-weld joint proved a serious objection, an$ the change to steel hae been rapid and complete. Steel pipe is stronger, has longer life and is less liable to corrosion, Steel tubing has enabled the bicycle industry to become rer&utlontaed, and pipe forme & leading article In tonnage of the <?teel Industry J& tfela and f pr&lgn market*.