The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on September 13, 1899 · Page 7
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 13, 1899
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THE UPPEH MOINES; ALGQ#A< tow A, WEDNESDAY AND GARDEN* IftS OF INTEREST ' AGRICULTURISTS. Cul- trp-to-bate HInta About of tbe Soli and Yields — Horticulture, Viticulture and iture. iinerlcnn False Hellebore. (la column we illustrate a plant as American False Hellebore. 5 of the poisonous plants of the States. It Is blessed with a IVarlety of names, as follows: (hellebore, false hellebore, swamp ore, Indian poke, meadow poke, t (In N. H.), Indian uneus, 6t roots, earth gall, crow poison, bite, duckretter, Itch weed, Sane, wolf's bane, bear corn. It from two to seven feet high and a fleshy root one to Inches long. The leaves large and stemless and irying size. The flowers blossom large yellowish-green cluster from to July. The plant Is a native of country. In New England It Is ind In wet meadows and by inoun- check. The ladybirds or ladybugs are by far the most important factors In the destruction of plant lice, as both the adults and young feed ravenously upon them. There Is a notion prevalent that ladybirds, In some way or other, produce plant lice. Natural laws will not permit such a state of affairs. Like begets like In the Insect World, just as persistently as It does In the higher animals. The progeny of a ladybird Is always a ladybird like the parent Insect. The young of a ladybird, however, looks very different from the adult In fact, the young of some species resemble minute alligators In general appearance, and are gaily colored. They feed almost entirely upon soft-bodied Insects. is f/ W licech Hedges. The tourist in Scotland, as his brothers elsewhere, with his hurry and scurry, forever in haste to see everything In a few days, too often passes by the smaller objects of Interest and thus really accomplishes little of his vast undertaking, says the New York Tribune. The beech hedge is one of these too often neglected wonders of nature. Not that it is a "smaller object of interest" by any means, for it stands over 100 feet high. The beech hedge is the property of the marquis of Lansdown, at Meiklour. Perthshire, and was tlanted In or about the year 1745 by a party of hlghlanders encamped there for a few days while on their way to join the pretender, Prince Charlie. This mammoth hedge, which indeed deserves the name of being one of the modern wonders of the world, is a fitting monument to commemorate the pretender's defeat at Culloden, "the last battle ever fought on English soil." m .-False hellebore (Verctrum. tiridef-, ono- third uatural size. brooks. It is found In cold situa- pinns as far south as Virginia and to Oregon and Washington, sit is even met with in Alaska. Its poisonous properties are found in all parts of the plant, seed, leaves and ; .root. It has been reporte'd that chickens are frequently killed by eating the seeds, and horses by eating the leaves. But it is asserted that sheep b_oat the leaves with relish and apparent |impunity. The root has been known to |kill people who ate it for something Jse. One case is reported where a Jjunily prepared the leaves for eating, pinking them to be marsh marigolds. e result was the poisoning of the atjre family. The poison acts by par- the heart. Surface Fires in Forests.—Surface fires may be checked if they are feeble by beating them out with greert branches, or by raking the leaves away from a narrow strip across their course. When the duff is dees or the soil peaty, a fire may burn beneath the surface of the ground for weeks or even months, sometimes showing its presence by a little smoke, sometimes without giving any sign of life. Even a hcayy rain may fail to quench a fire of this kind, which often breaks out again long after it is believed to be entirely extinct. Fires which thus burn into the ground can sometimes be checked only by digging a trench through the layer of decaying wood and other vegetable matter to the mineral soil beneath. The most dangerous and destructive forest fires are those which run both along the ground and in the tops of the trees. They can be checked only by rain or change of wind, or by meeting some barrier which they cannot pass. A barrier of this kind is often made by starting another fire some distance ahead of the principal one. Samtnerlng PI**, Let pigs nun with the dam until twelve weeks old, provided she is fed liberally with a warm, well balanced ration of shorts, oats, corn meal and screenings, says Farm, Stock and Home. This last mentioned food tot hogs, of which the Northwest has an Immense bulk, is lost to the farmers and being utilized by. sheep feeders at the Twin Cities and other central points. To the above list of foods add a ration of oil meal, bran, and even corn on the cob. Let the little pigs also have access to whole oats. Care should be used so as not to overfeed the BOW. Once off her feed she will fall to produce milk, and It Is difficult to restore good digestion and milk production. The clover field must go hand In hand with this good feeding, but on stormy days they are much better cared for In their pens with an abundance of freshly cut clover. By July there should be a field of peas, where the pigs will grow and do well. Tbe field of peas Is next In value to the clover field. If not convenient to pasture the peas, then cut and feed to the young pigs. To this method of feei.- lug upon clover and peas, add regular feeding hours for concentrated feed. This Is of vast importance. Pigs should not be allowed to stray all over the farm. When confined at night in well-regulated stables and In well-littered yards, there is made a large return for food consumed. The pigs should * be promptly returned In the morning to the pasture after feeding. By this method little if any manure Is lost, and a steady increase in the fertility of the soil will be tho result. By such methods of feeding during the summer and finishing or ripening the animal on a mixed food of squash, shorts, oats, peas, meal and corn, the previous feeding of bulky clover and peas will have distended their stomachs and put them in fine form to ripen rapidly into the desirable hog. President Kfugef Agrees to Terms of Great Britain, SITUATION MORE PEACEFUL Wrong Been Interpretation Snlrt to Have Placed bit tlio last DUpatch Bent by the Trans vail Government— British Cabinet Holds Meeting. EX*AMSASSADOR ILL ii Sot* It** turd Sorlon* SpelU, but Stnch Improved. Newport, ii. I., Sept. ll.-^Jani«8 B. Eustls, former ambassador to France, who arrived here in July, Is seriously Pretoria, Sept. li.—The government has issued a formal announcement that the Jast dispatch was Intended as an acceptance of the joint Inquiry. The mistaken interpretation arose through a confusion of Ideas. Both President Krugor and Vice- President Joubert declare that they are to work for a peaceful Fertilizers for Wheat, Ohio Station has been making interesting experiment on fertiliz- wheat. The marked effect on the wth of the wheat plant, which is ally observed after the application fertilizers carrying soluble phos- iric acid, such as acid phosphate or jissolved bone black, together with the ipw price at which plain acid phos- Jhates can be bought, as compared |H|with fertilizers containing nitrogen potash, have led many farmers to fsgHpthe use of this material alone, believ- I;^™|) ng tnaf - the y can supply sufficient tff||||fnitrogeii by growing clover, and that fsfifpfpotash Is not needed. The trials made """•^covering a period of years show con- i k ^ clusively that the clover is not fur>&$,', uishing sufficient nitrogen to meet the 'demands of a full crop, and that it is 'more economical to use a fertilizer containing a small percentage of nitrogen (ammonia), even though the cost •bo somewhat Increased, than to use cno which carries only phosphoric acid. (low Peas lit the Orchard. (Condensed from Farmers' Review Sten- ypjrrapbfc Report of Illinois state Hortl- "Bultural Convention.) |J Q.—Is it not an advantage to sow :cow peas in the orchard the fourth ear and then pasture it with hogs? Mr. Riehl—That practice is all right. I do it, and think it is better than the cultivation I give my orchard, i had a peach orchard on a side hill that I could no longer cultivate, as it was wasting so. So I put in cow peas and let tho hogs eat them. However, I lost some trees from mice that got into the cow peas. So the last season 1 mowed the cow peas, hauled them off and made- them into hay. Q.—Would you seed your peas to grass after two years of good cultivation? A. W. Stanton—-I would not, but It depends to a large extent on the kind of soil. The practice with us is to cultivate only till the trees come into bearing, and then stop. Keep the /weeds or grass mowed down. . Mr. Rich!—I think the question is not asked right. We should not make any hard and fast rule; we must get. nt the principle of what we are doing. It has been said to cultivate your pears till they come Into bearing and then rest your trees. "Wheat for Macaroni.—M. A. Carleton of the department of agriculture, who last year brought to this country a large number of species of grain from Russia and Siberia, is about starting for the west to follow out the line of this work with cereals. Flo is especially interested in visiting Arizona and New Mexico with the idea of establishing there the hard macaroni wheats Mr. Carleton is assured' that if these wheats can be grown in this country the manufacture of genuine "Italian" macaroni will be at once taken up. Some macaroni is now manufactured in the United States, but the befit is imported, as the wheat grown here is not suitable for its manufacture. Mr. Carleton also intends visiting the irrigated wheat sections of Utah and Idaho, where such immense yields are secured, being more than double, it is stated, an ordinary heavy crop under dry farming. Success Depends on Management. When the market quality Is considered we find many desire size, says Poultry, Fruit and Garden. The best breed for size can easily bo named, but it is not the "best breed," however. It may have size, and yet lack quality of flesh, and it may be of excellent quality of flesh, full of Juicy meat on the breast, and not be large. It* may quickly fatten on a small amount of food, and be easily kept on a city lot, and yet with all these points in its favor it may be a very indifferent breed for laying. Some breeds can give better results on corn than will others, and some will fatten so readily on corn that they will be rendered useless as layers altogether, for there is an art in feeding, and It Is often the case that the "best breed" depends on the "best man," for upon the management of the flock depends the result? expected. O<W Friend, the lMt)ylmg. "Ladybug, ladybug, fly away home," Is « line familiar to most children who are taught not to hurt the pretty bug, 88 she is a friend of the garden; and this is strictly true. The ladybug does great damage to insects which themselves destroy the products of the gardener's labor, Plapt Uce, for Instance, like most insects, have certain natural wb,i«b tend to keep them in Pig Feeding.—It is unprofitable'for any swine raiser to stint his animals, as they should bo made to grow every day, saya Farm, Stock and Home. After ten days or two weeks pigs should be fed generously through their dams, and at three or four weeks provided with a place where they can obtain, unmolested, a little feed of slop and soaked shelled corn. Keep them growing every day, and at an early age they will be ready for the market at a proflt to the raiser, if pigs are allowed to stop growing and become stunted it is very hard to start them anew, not to mention the loss of feed, time and labor. Pigs enclosed in a dry lot or yard, and given only dry, hard corn and hard water seldom yield a handsome proflt. They need a variety of food, such as will expand the stomach and at the same time be cooling to the system. Corn, alone, is too heating. Maine's Apple (Jro[j.—A year ago the apple crop in Maine was one of the smallest on record, but there is every indication that it will be no larger, even if it is not smaller, this season. The experts say that a large pereentags of the trees in most sections of the state did not blossom and those that did have been greatly injured by the ravages of the so-called tent eater- pillar, many orchards having been almost entirely stripped of their leaves by this pest.~Ex. Heavy Pruning.—Heavy pruning of old trees will cause them to make extra efforts to produce a heavy crop tor a few years, but it will be at the cost of the trees. The wounds made will never thoroughly heal; and even if new wood grows over the cut you will find a rotten place in the tree which will continue to increase until the tree dies. The first indication of the tree's decay will be a growth on the body of the tree near the ground of a toadstool-looking substance, which will continue to increase even after the tree is dead, and if there are any large roots near the surface it will sometimes grow on them. Never cut any wood from an old tree except dead or broken limbs. Clean up all grass and weeds during the winter or early spring and burn them. It pays, for if there are any apples in this neighborhood you are sure to get them.—Rural World. Fighting Grasshoppers in Algeria.— The state department has a letter indicating that Kansas is not the only place where grasshoppers eat things. In Algeria, it is stated, the standing crops will be seriously damaged and in'some cases destroyed by the cTouds of grasshoppers moving in a northerly direction. Ten thousand francs have been appropriated for the first expenses incurred in fighting against the invasion and steps have been taken to secure 200,000 francs additional for the same purpose. Near Bisera 3,200 camels are being employed in the transportation of inflammable material which is being burned where deposits of eggs are found. In all parts of the colony men are at work plowing up eggs and destroying them. Bermuda Lilies in the South.—Secretary Wilson has sent large numbers of Bermuda lily bulbs into several of the Southern states, with a view to supplanting the Bermuda Easter trade, which annually sends out of the country a large amount of money. Mr. Wilson expresses the belief that there are sections of the country, If they can be found, as well adapted to the culture of this flower as is Bermuda.— Ex. The French government is abuut to expend several million francs on the coast defenses of New Caledonia, Italy Exporting Butter and Cheese.— According to the Italian trade returns It appears that the quantity of Italian butter exported to Great Britain in 1897 was about 31,600 cwts, and of cheese 42,900 cwts. Thcso commodities are for the most part exported overland through other countries, chiefly through Belgium, and consequently the annual statements of trade of the United Kingdom for 189/ show only 1,3-19 cwts. of butter and 1,892 cwts. of cheese as having been Imported into that country from Italy. • The total exports of fresh and salt butter from Italy in 1897 were 93,000 cwts., and of cheese 173,400 cwts. Sheep Fecundity.—Two of the most remarkable cases of sheep fecundity ever heard of have just occurred in England. At Chesterlestreet, Durham- shire, a cross-bred ewe dropped 1 lambs, all dead. The ewe is doing well. John Davis, Penlan, Wales, had a mountain ewe drop 3 lambs on November 12, of which two lived and were sold for ?15. She had 6 more on May 1?, of which 4 are alive. Perhaps there is no reliable record of such fei> tility la any other country.—EX. If you cannot do what you like, learn to like what you £e. determined settlement. London, Sept. 11.—The Anglo-Transvaal situation wears a more peaceful aspect. At Friday's cabinet meeting It was decided not to send a formal ultimatum to the Transvaal, but to accept the suggestion of a conference provided there be no unnecessary delay. The question of suzerainty also was considered, and President Kruger will be plainly told that, whatever word he employed, the principle of British paramountcy will be maintained at all costs. Meanwhile, pending reply by the Transvaal government, no Important movement or strengthening of the British force In southern Africa «vfll take place. Naturally the excitement In military ilrcles hero continues and all preparations are made for the dispatch of 30,000 troops within a few days. Arrangements have been made to take over the ships of the Cape passenger lines as transports, while movable berths have been provided to convert freightboats into troopships at a day's notice. The Cape Town correspondent of the Bxily Mail says: "There is no doubt that Mr. Schrelner (the Cape premier) and the Afrikander leaders have thrown in their lot with Sir Alfred MMner, and this fact explains the irritation displayed in the volksraad in the debate on the interpellations. It is imported from Bloemfontein that a ballot will be taken throughout the Orange Free State to decide whether the government shall remain neutral or shall assist the Transvaal." Mr. Montague White, the consul- general of the south African republic In London, said to a representative of the Associated Press: "I assure you on the authority of a cabinet minister that there will be no war with the Transvaal. In fact, the queen will not permit war." \VIH Not Summon Fnrllament. 1/ondon, Sept. 11.—It Is understood tbwt the result of the cabinet meeting estahlished theee facts: Parliament will not be summoned. The reserves will not be called out. Ten thousand troops will be sent to i outh Africa. A strongly worded dispatch has been «ent to the Transvaal, which will be published here immediately on its delivery there. Mes«a/fo J n Behalf of floor*. The Hague, Sept. 11.—The Transvaal committee of the Netherlands sent to Queen Victoria at Balmoral a telegram begging her majesty, "in the name of thousands of Dutchmen, not to permit the British government to make war on their brethren in the Transvaal." The« telegram goes on In the same strain, imploring the queen, "for the sake of the British people, to stay the sacrifice to mammon of countless lives; in the Interest of humanity and God's kingdom on earth, to preserve the peace, which will constitute the brightest crown of her majeety's blessed reign." Hotter Feeling In Cape Colony. •Cape Town, South Africa, Sept, 11.— Better feeling prevails in this city since }t has become known that the Transvaal government has Invited the British authorities to investigate the work- Ing of the proposed franchise law. Declaration of the VolkHraad. Pretoria, South Africa, Sept. 11.—The debate In the first chamber of the volksraad closed Friday. The chamber gave unanimous approval* to a resolution expressing regret at the presence of British troops on the Transvaal border, in view of the fact that negotiations were progressing. The resolution further declared the raad dissatisfied with the imperial authorities' explanation of the presence of those troops, and declared tho south African republic's unalterable determination to maintain the independence of the Transvaal. EX-AMBASSADOR EUSTIS. sick at hia summer residence 111 Chan- nlng avenue. Dr. Harry J. Knapp, the attending physician, says Mr. Eustls' condition Is very serious. Overwork Is said to have caused his sickness. YELLOW FEVER IS SPREADING. Increase ID the Number of Casei »t Key West Is Reported. Jacksonville, Fla,, Sept. 11.—The number of yellow fever cases at Key West Is above the 100 mark, as Dr. Porter's bulletins last evening stated that he had 106 cases. Three deaths are reported In tho last twenty-four hours —viz., J. E. King, Charles H. Taylor and Fredericks. The fever Is spreading and will doubtless seize all unaccllmated persons. Tho disease seems to be getting a little more deadly as It increases. Every effort Is being made to get the camps ready and to move those subject to attacks of the fever away from Key West. Reports from Miami say that Anderson, tho sick man there, is getting along all right, and that he will recover. There aro no other suspicious cases there, Chicago lioartl of Trade. Chicago, Sept. 8.—Tho following table shows the rango of quotations on the Board of Trade today: Articles! —Closing.— Wheat— High. Low. Sept.S.Sept.7. Sept Dec May Corn— Sept Dec May Oats- Sept Dec May Pork- Sept Oct Jan , Lard— Sept Oct , Jan . Short ribs- Sept .. 6.25 Oct ... 5.35 Jan ... 5.05 * .70% $ .70% ? .70% ? .74% .31% .28% .29% .21% ' .20% .22% 8.00 8.22% 9.62% 5.32% 5.35 5.50 .71 .74 .31% .28% .29% .21% .20% .21% 8.00 8.07% 9.50 5.25 5.27% 6.45 5.25 5.27% 4.97% .71% .31% .28% .29% .21%' .20% .22 8.00 8.07% 9.50 5.25 5.27% 5.45 5.25 5.27% 4.97% .70% .71% .74% .31% .29 .29% .21% 8.20 8.22% 9.62% 5.32% 5.35 5.50 5.32% 5.35 5.02% Bays Americans Mot Defeat. Madrid, Sept. 11.—News received from tho Philippines gives another version of Col. Bayliss' expedition Into the hills of the island of Cebu to silence the natives who had annoyed the American command. It is declared that the colonel and his eight companies sustained a severe defeat. The same dispatch says that the native police In the American service In the island of Negros have gone over to the enemy with arms In hand. To Sustain Carter Verdict. New York, Sept. 11.—A special to the Journal from Washington says it la learned on good authority that Attorney-General Grlggs has decided to recommend to the president that the verdict of the Carter court-martial be sustained. There is, nevertheless, substantial basis for the statement that the verdict may be modified by the president to the extent of striking out the finding that a conspiracy was proved. Map Out Iowa's Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 11,—A conference of the members of the republican state central committee, the candidates on the state ticket, the congressional delegation and the United States senators was held here Friday to plan the state campaign. It was decided to open the campaign as follows by districts: Third district at Waterloo, Sept. 12; Fifth district at Cedar Rap- Ids, Sept. 12; Eleventh district at Sioux City, Sept. 13; Fourth district at New Hampton, Sept. 14; Seventh district at Des Moines. Sept. IB; Sixth district at Oskaloosa, Sept. 16. Two PJ»n» for Cuba. Madrid, Sept. 11.—Former friends of Cuban autonomy here are declaring in favor of the independence of the Island under American protectorate! Jt Is declared, on the other hand, that the foreign residents of Cuba oppose independence, except wder Spanish protectorate. Gomez Sounds a Warning, Havana, Sept. 11,—Gen. Maximo Gomez, in an interview, said: "1 am not at all concerned when I hear the Cubans discussing the intentions of the United States government. The Americans are a race that thinks and that will not repay good with evil. Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippine islands will l)e free and independent, or peace with the United States will be compromised. The Cubans must learn to wait and to work." Funeral of tfx-Gov. Merrill. Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 11,—The funeral of ex-Gov. Samuel Merrill Friday was attended by state officials and public men. In the state- capitol building the remains lay in state for four hours, guarded by troopers of the national guard. Ex-Govs. Jackson and Gear and Gov. Shaw were among the pall-bearers. TQ Send Troops to (HI*. Washington, Sept. 11,—At tho cabinet meeting Friday Secretary Root gave ft detailed report of the plans for sending a large force to the Philippines, as BOOU as the rainy season should end, to ejiable Qeu. otisj to make Cupnciotn a« Well AS totely. "bat girl o' yottr'tt sullenly lift! ft! or lovely month." "Dnt's what I thought lill 1 M&& id fill it* i Discovery of Life Plant • So full of vigor that If one of its leave* be pinned to a, tvarm wall another plant will grow. It Is ihesft same principles which enable Hos tetter's Stomach Bitters to arouse to lifts ttttd duty the overworked stomach, the sufferer from dyspepsia or any stomach trouble needs It. A private Revenue Stump covers the neck of the bottle. About one Gerranh woman In every 27 works In a factory. "Circumstances Alter Cases'* It cases of scrofula, sutf theum, dys* fttpsiA, neroousnesst ca.l&rrh> rheumatism* eruptions, eic», the circumstances rna$ be Altered by purifying And enriching the blood turY/j Hood's SarsaparUta* It (s the great remedy for all ayes and both sexes. Be sure to get Hood's, because C* &C Major Marclmnd's journey across Africa cost France 8000,000. A 1'erfect Cathartic. Not violently empt vlntr tlm iKtwols or donning but KontlysllmiilatlnK. lonlii«.streiiiftbo()l)tKtholnle». tlnul wtuls—CasnirotH Cundf Untharilo, 10a,2oo, Wt! Six San Domingo clollnrs are equivalent to ono Aim-Henri dollar. For lung and diost diseases, Piso's Cnro Is tho bost iiK-cVieiiiB wo have used.—Mrs J. L. Noi-thcott, Windsor, Out., Canada. In the Rout.li within tlie hist months $7,000,01)0 of new capital been Invested in cotton mills. Mrs. WIiinlow's Sootmnt* Syrnp. For children toothing, softens tho Rums, reduce! Inflammation, ttlliwa ualn.ciirca wluduollc. S5oabottl*. The nvcritg-o number of horses Icilled In Spanish bull fights every your exceeds 5,000, while from 1,000 to 1,200 bulls are sucrillcod. Oklahoma. Its wonderful resources and superior advantages to homeseekcrs are sot forth in a handsome illustrated pamphlet just issued by tho Frisco Line Passenger Department. Copy will be mailed free on application to Bryan Snydcr, General Passenger Agent, St. Louis, Ma lluslmml—1 have just been talking 1 with the now clergyman and find we ngrue. Wife—Why, 1 didn't know thnfcyon ciln't Ix-l'ieve in tho Bible. Hall's Cnturrh Care Is taken internally. Price, 75c. Chance gives us relations but we must make our own friends. Mart-Inge is considered good iorm, yet it is often rued. Are Von Usliiff Allen's Foot-Ease? It is the only cure for Swollen, Smarting, Burning, Sweating Feet. Corns and Bunions. Ask for Allen's Foot-Ease, a powder to be shaken into the shoes. At all Druggists and Shoe Stores, 25c. Sample sent FREE. Address Allen S. Olmsted. LeRoy. N. Y. Judas was probably a good fenmlo Impersonator. ACTS GENTLY ON THE KIDNEYS, LIVER AND BOWELS ri jANSES THE BUV THE GEMVINE-MANTD fOg SAL! 6V All pliUSOljTj, PRiq tot KB eOTUL •a&SLJCKBR 1897 Rsli Brand ^on ^ Itis entirely new. If notforsa|«ta your town, write (or catalo A. J. TOWER, BoSS aggressive

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