Statesman Journal from Salem, Oregon on January 11, 1940 · Page 1
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Statesman Journal from Salem, Oregon · Page 1

Salem, Oregon
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 11, 1940
Page 1
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..y No Substitute I You'll find i no newspaper CM give more real satisfaction than your UH'AL MOH.M.NG PAPER, with Its WORLD NEWS plu HOME COMMUNITY NEWS. Weather Partly cloudy today and Friday; little chance la temperature. Mai. temp. Wednesday 48, tuln. 80. River 8.2 ft. North wind. (tOUNDDD 1651 KIUHiY-NlNTH YEAR Salem, Oregon, Thursday Morning, January 11, 1940 Price Se; Newsstand 5 No. 249 .Notorioiiis Bfmdilt Dramatically mas Lite Nazis9 North Sea Bases Raided British Empire Makes Swift Answer JL irst Lightning Warning of Attempted "Blitzkrieg" by Germans Three Battles Are Reported Over Sylt; One at Sea Over Helgoland; Each Claim Victories LONDON, Jan. 10. (AP) Fast hew British bombers struck back today at Germany's air and sea strength, raiding German air bases on the North Sea island of Sylt and an important Helgoland anchorage in swift reply to the first warning lightning of the vaunted nazi "blitzkrieg." The crash of anti-aircraft fire, vivid flashes, the dancing pencils of searchlights and the roar of many planes told observers on the nearby Danish coastline and islands of the first battle over Sylt, shortly before dawn. Reports from various sources indicated there were at least three battles over Sylt and one at sea, above Helgoland Bight. The Sylt battles were before dawn ; at 9 a. m. (12 mid night PST) and between 3:30 andC- 6 p.m. (6:30 a.m. to 9 a.m. PST). The air fight over the sea wai believed to hare occurred about 1 p.m. (4 a.m. PST). The air ministry announced one British plane bad been lost in a half hour running fight "far out over the North sea" when an RAF formation met a number of long range German fighters. It aid, however, that the German planes were beaten off and that the British formation continued "to the easterly limit of its reconnaissance" and back. One Nazi Fighter Lands In Denmark This compared with German contentions that three out of nine British Bristol "Blenheim" bombers bad been shot- down over' Helgoland bight by four German planes. The British communique said one German fighter had been shot (Turn to page 2, col. C) Germans Ordered To Cut Exp enses Wage Pay in Certificates Suggested to Force Income Saving BERLJN, Jan. 1 0-;P)-Germans were warned today that they must "voluntarily reduce purchases" of unrationed articles or force would be used to compel them to spend less of their income. The warning was Issued by Das Schwarze Korps, organ of the Hitler elite guards, which added that one plan under consideration to force workers to save is that of paying wages partly in certificates, which would not come due for several years. Authorities have been seeking a method to halt what is considered to be a wave of excessive buying of unrationed articles so that industries producing these articles may work for direct war purposes. By reducing the amount of money people have to spend, it is reasoned, the government automatically would stop such buying and thus make available more cash to pay for the war. Das Schwarze Korps said that the nazi state was seeking to reduce Income in the same measure as it is considered necessary to reduce purchasing power. It was made dear that force would be used If discipline failed. Referring to nazi expenditures for armaments and other purposes to increase German world prestige, the paper said: "Reduction of purchasing power is the entrance price each Individual is paying for Germany's entrance into the world constellation of powers Board Can Demand Salutes, Pledges A board of school directors has authority to make a rule of regulation requiring pupils In the public schools to salute the flag of the United States and give the pledge .of allegiance as a part of the general citizenship training of such pupils. Attorney General VanWlnkle held here Wednesday. The regulation could not conflict with the tate constitution, he continued. VanWlnkle said the head of a school has no 'authority to make such a rule or regulation. - The opinion was asked by Hex Putnam, state superintendent of publle instruction. Two Drowned KELLOGG. Idaho, Jan. 10-flp) Mrs. Mae Werhan, 42, of Spokane, and ' her six-year-old son, Frank Morgan, were drowned today; when the ear in which they were riding plunged into a slough 21 iles west of KeUr--. by if do Bomb In One Ear . . Paul H outer Column We started out yesterday to find, a man, but he wasn't home so we just kept on going and pretty soon there was the muddy wa-t e r of Shelton ditch flowing merrily along below us. Cross- I ed In safety and drove slowly by 1 t h e grandstand that George E. Waters and Biddy Bishop are building and no- Ml rani H. Bauer, Jr. ted that it is getting to look more like a grandstand every day. Turned to the right, having no desire to visit either the incinerator or the airport this day, and went past the Junk yards along the south side of Turner road until we again hit civilization. At the Southern Pacific depot (after a perilous Journey across the tundra) we stopped to see if the trains were on time and they were. Couldn't remember anybody we wanted to meet, so walked over to the American Express shanty and found out about pigeons. It's a month yet until the pigeon racing season starts and then the American Express boys will have a lot of pigeons to let loose. Salem is kind of a central starting point for racing pigeon clubs all up and down the coast. Some days there are 15 to 20 crates of pigeons to put on the mark, get set and let go. The homing pigeons usually circle around a couple of times, we were Informed, and then streak away into the morning for the home roost. Sometimes though, some of them turn out not to be home boidies (pretty cute, huh?) and just won't take off. There was one bunch, we learned, that was supposed tp fly north, but when they were released just fluttered around the depot for a while and settled down on the eaves for a bit of eavesdropping. About two weeks later a bunch of pigeons headed south came through and the ones from the north joined the crowd and headed for Oakland. Nobody knows if they ever came back 1 north. We left there and wended our way out Capitol street and stop-(Turn to page 2, col. 6) North Santiamto Be Kept Clear of Snow All W inter Heavy rainfall in the valley on Monday and Tuesday failed to create any special problems for road crews burdened with the task of keeping the North San- tiam highway clear of snow in Its upper reaches, County Engineer N. C. Hubbs announced yesterday. What Salem residents floundered through as a heavy rain on Tuesday amounted only to "light flurries" of snow In the higher portions of Hogg pass, the engineer stated, and added only an inconsequential frosting to the 19-inch drifts already resting on the pass. "The road has been open all during the winter, the engineer stated yesterday, "and we intend to keep it open for through, travel barring any extraordinary storm, which, by the way, we dont look for. Marlon county is responsible for snow clearance of about f.7 miles of highway from the "T high on the pass to the new concrete bridge over the' headwaters of the Santlam river. The federal government's bureau of public roads gets the call for clearing the remaining 28 miles from the Russ Division Is Hemmed in By Finn Army Third big Group Held Surrounded South of Suomussalmi Defenders at Frontier After Clearing out Enemy Soldiers HELSINKI, Jan. 1 -(-Finnish troops in central Finland were ieported to have surrounded a new Soviet division today after hurling the remnants of the routed red army's 4 4th and 163rd divisions back into Russia east of Suomussalmi. This third Russian division was reported trapped at Kukkammo, about 60 miles south of the recent victories at Suomussalmi. The Finns set up positions along 30 miles of the Russian frontier east of Lake Kianta and Suomussalmi. This covers four points at which Finland has thrown the invaders back on to their own soil. A Finnish communique said that a red army battalion had been dispersed northeast of Lake Ladoga with the enemy leaving "200 dead on the field." The Finns took 40 prisoners. Finns Reach Border Of Russ Territory "At Suomussalmi our troops, advancing in the direction of Raate, have reached the frontier and cleared the area of enemy troops," the communique said. Associated Press correspondent Thomas F. Hawkins, with the Finnish army at Raate, reported the Russians in full flight as the Finns drove right up the border in cleaning up operations. It was the first time the Suo mussalmi section had been cleared (Turn to page 2, col. 8) Pioneer Cobbler Called by Death Thomas Maplethorpe, 83, Watched Salem Grow for Many Years Thomas Maplethorpe, 83, for 50 years a Salem shoemaker, died at the residence, 295 South 22nd street, Wednesday. Mr. Maplethorpe had watched Salem grow from a small town as be worked in many shoe shops, first that of A. Klein on South Commercial, then his own on State. In 1907 he and a cousin, George W. Eyre, opened the Salem Shoe Store on State. He was employed with H. W. and M. L. Meyers before opening a shop on State street, which he operated until his retirement in November, 1396, after 65 years in the trade. Born in Lincolnshire, England, in 1856. Maplethorpe came to America in 1881, first to Illinois, then to Albany, Oregon, and Salem. In 1885 he married Sophia B. Widmer, who died in 193 6. They celebrated their golden anniversary in 1935. Survivors are daughters, Mrs. Edith Hogg of Salem and Mrs. (Turn to page 2, col. 2) Tillamook Park Sought by Mott WASHINGTON, Jan. 10-(P)-Among bills introduced in the house Tuesday were these by representatives: Mott (R-Ore) Authorizing transfer to Oregon of the Tillamook lighthouse reservation for recreational and park purposes (HR 7769). bridge down to Detroit. Present actual arrangements, however, are for the state highway commission to undertake the county share, so that no county workmen or pieces of equipment are employed In clearing the road. In general the winter has been mild in the higher country, so that neither the federal nor the state road crews have found snow removal difficult. The 19 inches which now lies about the upper pass extends down only within seven or eight miles of Detroit, though with decreasing thickness. PORTLAND, Jan. lQ-ipy-The heaviest snow of the year blanketed eastern Oregon today while western portions of the state basked in spring-like sunshine, yielding occasionally to showers. The mile-high McKenxie pass, linking central Oregon with Eugene, was closed by drifts reaching a depth of 14 feet Highway crews from Bend and Eugene met at the summit, making certain no motorists were stranded on the route, and then withdrew to await spring thaws. The closure was the latest on record. Sisters of Dodge To Fight Ruling MRS. ANNIE LAURINB DODGE Appeal Prepared In Dodge Legacy Award of $1,250,000 by Court to Widow Hit by Sisters-in-Law DETROIT, Jan. 10.-;P)-Annie Laurine Dodge, former $18-a- week telephone operator, won $1,' 250,000 of the Dodge Motor mil lions in probate court today, but counsel for two sisters-in-law im mediately prepared to appeal the verdict. The amount awarded Mrs. Dodge, who left her switchboard in 1938 to wed the heir to an automobile fortune, represents her widow's share of the estate of Daniel G. Dodge, victim of a honeymoon tragedy. The estate of young Dodge, who drowned following an accidental dynamite explosion on a Canadian fsland in Georgian bay. was estimated to total about Si 1,000,000. This- represented accumulated income from his share of a $40,-000,000 trust fund set up by the late John F. Dodge, his father. Annie Dodge, 21, will continue to receive the $5,000 monthly allowance she has had since Daniel's death, until litigation over the estate is ended. Judge Murphy's decision cut state and federal governments in for a $6,000,000 slice of the estate, through collection of inheritance taxes. It was estimated the federal government's share would be about $4,800,000. Daniel Dodge's mother, Mrs. Mathilda R. Wilson, will receive approximately $3,500,000. Wallace Assumes FCA Domination Officials Are Instructed to Establish Sound Borrower Basis WASHINGTON, Jan. 10-(jpy-Secretary Wallace took direct con trol of the farm credit administra tion today and instructed its of ficials to find ways of reestablishing delinquent borrowers on a "sound basis that would "maintain the integrity" of the federal land bank system. Former Governor F. F. Hill of the FCA suspended foreclosures on delinquent farm mortgages last fall. Extensions and delinquent installments on loans and other items due from borrowers totaled $43,477,000 September 30. In addition, the FCA had $154,-709,000 invested in foreclosed farms, loans called for foreclosure and sheriff's certificates of sale under foreclosure proceedings. This latter item was $13,284,000 greater than a year earlier. Differences of opinion between Wallace and Hill over handling delinquent loans led to Hill's res ignation recently and the appoint ment of Dr. B. G. Black as his successor. In an order today, Wallace made Black directly respon sible to him. Previously the FCA had operated as an independent agency. Wallace said In a communi cation to. FCA employes that he endorsed Hill's action in suspending foreclosures but that he did not think "we should stop at that" Late Sports SEATTLE, Jan. 10-(P)-Coming from behind a 2-0 handicap, Portland defeated Seattle & to 8 in an overtime hockey game tonight to more into a first place tie with Vancouver in the Pacific Coast Hockey league race. At Least Two Men Killed in Blast at Mine 86 Trapped 2 Miles Underground in West Virginia Rescue Crews Dig in, but Progress Is Pitifully Slow BARTLEY. W. Va., Jan. 10-UP An explosion, possibly pre saging the worst West Virginia mine disaster in more than a dec ade, killed at least two men and entombed an estimated 86 others two miles underground today. W. C. Sturgis, a district mine inspector, said shortly before mid night that the number of men trapped had 'been revised upward from 85 to 94. Forty seven men escaped. J. J. Hammon, company official, said at midnight that after hours of checking it had been almost definitely determined there were 93 men at work on the day rhift in the western side of the mine. Five had completed work and left and two were found dead, leaving 86 unaccounted for, he said. At Least 40 Hoped In Safe Sections A tentative list of the trapped men was being prepared. Hammond expressed hope that at least 40 men were in sections not badly damaged and that they might be alive. Eight rescue crews from this southwestern West Virginia village and nearby communities dug their way toward three blast-wrecked sections of the mine but progress was slow. Midnight found tem still 2500 feet from the estimated location of the disaster. Three hundred men stood by (Turn to page z, column 7 Anti-Picket Law Scored in Briefs AFL, Rail Brotherhoods File Charges Against Initiative Bill A new assault on Oregon's picket control law was made yesterday afternoon by the American Federation of Labor and "Big Four" railroad brotherhoods. Briefs asking the state supreme court to find the law unconstitutional were left with the court's clerk but will not be officially filed until this morning. A special three-judge circuit court found the law constitutional July 8,; 1939. The briefs, drawn by five attorneys, including Joseph A. Pad-way, AFL general counsel, declared the statute "constitutes a legislative threat" to the existence of unions "without parallel in America." The law is unconstitutional, it was charged, because it violates "protected rights of working peo ple to join and conduct labor unions," deprives unions of the due process of law, abridges freedom of speech and press, conflicts with congressional statutes and embraces subjects not referred to in the act's title. Oregon voters passed the law in November, 1938, following a wave of labor disputes and a state-wide campaign against labor terrorism that resulted in the arrest of more than 100 persons. House Approves Anti-Lynch Bill WASHINGTON. Jan. lO.-UPV- The house approved one of its perennial election-year favorites. the anti-lynching bill, today and sent it to the senate where an unyielding southern filibuster was set to kill it. The vote of 251 to 181 followed a discussion in which Rep. Rankin (D-Miss) asserted that the measure was "nothing but the renewal of a vicious attack on the white people of the southern states," coming not from the republicans, he said, hut from the democrats. Mott Asks Boost In Forest Budget WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.-ffV Representative Mott (R-Ore) urged the house appropriations subcommittee today to increase budget estimates for forest management,' forest economics, control investigation and a study of root insect pests. The representative said the $165,009 allotted for forest management, forest economics, control investigation and pest study should be Increased by $100,000. He also asked that a 62,000 allocation to the study and investigation of seed be raised to $100,-000. Hungary's Foreign Minister in Meet ' 'v A - i " jT I V 7f 4 COUNT STEPHAN CSAKY Rumania Refuses Cession of Land Settlement With Hungary It Held Otherwise Agreeable BUCHAREST, Jan. 10-iip-Ru-manian officials asserted tonight that Rumania was ready to settle long-standing differences with Hungary but that any territorial cession was out of the question. Hungary wants Rumania to give up Transylvania, part of the terri tory Rumania won when the Au- stro-Hungarian empire broke up after the World war. Despite the Insistence of Ru manian authorities that they would not even discuss cession ef any soil, the feeling grew among foreign diplomats that King Carol might yield soon to an' Italian-backed plan for settlement. Budapest reports said that the Italian and Hungarian foreign ministers, Count Galeazzo Clano and Count Istvan Csaky, in their meetings at Venice last weekend had worked out such a program. Under this plan, to which the Budapest government is said to have agreed, Hungary would give rp claims to Transylvania for the present in return for a Rumanian promise of territorial revision after the present European war. In payment for that promise, v-bich would be guaranteed by Italy, Rumania would receive as surance of full Italian and Hun garian support against any Russian attack on Bessarabia, the former Russian province she gained after the World war. Service Aviators Escape Injuries TACOMA. Wash., Jan. lO.-UPk- An army pilot and two navy flyers escaped serious Injury to day In separate airplane acci dents. At summit, 10 miles from here, Lieut. Felix M. Hardison, 27, said the plane he was piloting from Gray Field, Fort Lewis, to Ellensburg, ran into foggy weather over the Cascade mountains and went Into spin after Ice formed on the wings. Near Bremerton, Wash., on Pu-get Sound, a seaplane from the aircraft carrier Saratoga was damaged while alighting on the water. Fisherman, William Taylor, rescued the plane's two occupants, Pilot H. E. Leedom and Radioman L. V. Loomis. Italian 'Official? Lambastes Credit Menand They Like It Page the Burlington Liars' club. Page any liars' club. Members of the Salem Retail Credit association have some promising candidates. They want their officers to Join Immediately at least the officer of officers who sponsored the appearance of Senor Luigl Toma-sini, "distinguished representative of the Better Business and Research department of the Italian government,' at their annual banquet at the Marlon hotel last night. Ninety three members and guests many bad brought the boss along alternately gulped and applauded Tomaxlnl's hour-long, appraisal of American business as he found: Its interpretation of fair competition and good ethics "disappointing.' Its basis "the spirit of cat the throat of yonr neighbor." Its advertising "like the titles of one of y o a r popular songs, 'Building Up to an Awful Letdown" Tomaxini ridiculed. Tomaxial deprecated. The Day in Washington Stories on Congress on page Two (By The Associated Press) The senate adopted a resolution for a Joint committee to study budget proposals, and the house appropriations committee barred subcommittees from Increasing spending bills beyond the presidential recommendations. Presi dent Roosevelt urged congress members to stay within the bud get estimates. The houK paused tlx antl-lynching bill, 253 to 131 ant sent it to the senate, where a southern filibuster is ready to kill it. Admiral Harold E. Stark, naval operations chief, warned of a possible coalition attack on the western hemisphere which he said the present navy could not "comfortably" meet; the house appropriations committee approved $267.- 197,908 for neutrality and defense operations to June 30. The senate Judiciary committee received protests against the appointment of Attorney General Frank Murphy to the supreme court which Chairman Burke (D-Neb) said would result in hearings if they proved to have "any substance.' Britain protested that the neu trality act discriminates against her ships by requiring transfer of title on all goods they carry from here while neutral ships do not face such a restriction. The house committee Invest!-gating the labor board looked further into the qualifications of board employes. Sensational Breaks Mark Bandit Life iCENTRALIA. an. 10-)-Roy Gardner, whose spectacular career of! crime reached the end of the trail in a San Francisco hotel suicide, was almost a lengedary will-o'-the-w 1 s p In Washington state's crime annals. His two most sensational escapes occurred in western Washington. He was captured here af-tef the first escape, following a long-remembered search of two counties by posses which numbered! more than 100 armed men. ille already had escaped once In 19(20 by overpowering guards on a train near Portland, enroute to McNeil Island federal prison for mail robbery, when he staged the same surprising coup on June 11, 19(21, near Castle Rock. tile had concealed a pistol, and escaped by pulling It on his guards and forcing them to free him from his handcuffs and Oregon boot. He was arrested five days later in; a Centralia hotel room by Patrolman Louis Sonney, who shared half of his $5000 reward with Gardner's wife and later spent much time attempting to help the desperado n prison and after his final release. Sonney met Gardner on a Cen tralia street. The fugitive was masked by a bandage that covered all of his face but one eye. Somney was suspicious after Gard ner was evasive to questioning, and later trailed him to his hotel room, arrested him and unmasked him. Gardner was taken to McNeil Island prison, but staged another spectacular break for freedom during a Labor day baseball game that same year. One of his comrades was killed In the burst of gunfire and three were recaptured, but Gardner won a two- month freedom before he was re captured in another attempted holdup of a mail car at Phoenix, Arizona. Tomazini lambasted depart-in e n t stores, installment selling anid special sales. Tomazini finally decided Italian business wasn't so bad after all, then sat down. The musical program that followed may have soothed Toma-tini's audience but Jt did not prepare It for the next announcement by Walter Larson, new-installed president. Tomazini, Larson announced, was none other than G. A. Hoes of Irish descent from Atiyeh Brothers of Portland, and his Italian connections and accent were but imaginary ones conjured up as scenery for a whale of a practical Joke, a joke that cost the diners a dollar apiece and was worth the cost, 'The serious part of the meeting is probably forgotten bat it should be recorded that Senator Douglas McKay introduced the "distinguished speaker," that J. L. Whitehouse, outgoing president, erred as toastmaster and that other officers Installed were Mer-vln Fidler, vice-president; C. A. Suing, Kay Taylor and Chris Eeely, directors. Roy Gardner, In Note, Says "Cannot Win" Prison - Breaker Drops Pellet in Water to Make Fumes Suicide Method Like Some States Use in Executions SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. 10-UP) R o y Gardner, notorious mail robber and prison cheaper of the early 20's, determined tonight trat long term convicts "can't come back" in the world outside, so he killed himself with poison gas. "All men who have to serve more than five years in prison are doomed, but they don't realise it," Gardner said in a note addressed to newsmen. "They kid themselves Into the belief that they can 'come back' but they can't. There is barrier between the ex-convict and society that cannot be leveled." So Gardner, who in 1920 and 1921 followed a pattern of crime, capture, conviction, escape and recapture, breathed lethal fume in the bathroom of his quarters in a small, down town hotel. Pllla Dropped In Water Create Ieadly Fuwt Gardner, after philosophising on a career that kept him behlni bars or dodging the law for over 17 years, dropped pellets Into a bowl of water, creating deadly fumes of the kind some states use for executing condemned convicts. Officers were called to the hotel by Madelya Langston, a chambermaid, who decided to investigate a long-displayed "Do Not Disturb" sign outside Gardner's door. Inside the room, she said, aha was confronted with another sign on, the, bathr ojn door reading: "Do not open this door Poison gas. Call the police." When officers arrived, Gardner, who was about 61 years old, was found crumpled on the floor of the bathroom In his shirtsleeves. Police Officers Leo Martin and Joseph Susoeff said Gardner left (Turn to page 2, col. S) Six Escape From State Reformatory Washington Officers Hunt Sextet Who Ilroke Out After Darkness MONROE, Wash., Jan. 10 Six Inmates escaped from the Washington state reformatory under cover of darkness tonight by gaining passage through a tunnel under the heavily guarded inside wall, and scaling what prison officials said was an unguarded wall beyond the Institution's powerhouse. All available reformatory guards, Everett police and state patrolmen were pressed Into posses after the men's absence was discovered at the 8 p. m. checkup In the kitchen, where they had been working. The pos-seraen bad the reformatory's two bloodhounds out for tbe scent of a trail, but at midnight there was no report of clues. The men were: Merrill Helwig, received from Pacific county a year ago for automobile theft; Billy Harper, Yakima forger, received last April for a minimum 18-month term; Clyde Shaw, convicted of grand larceny and received in 1938 for a minimum term of seven and a half years; Roy Christian, King county robber, received last May for a minimum of five years; Prank Fln-chum, Chelan county robber, received in 1938 for a minimum of five years: James Goldman, Just starting on a second burglary sentence of two years from Bka-lt county. West Stock Show Loop Announced OGDEN, Utah, Jan. U. Plummer of Portland, Or., general manager of the Pacific International Livestock xposltloa. today announced formation of six-city western stock show circuit. Cities composing the circa it, Plummer said, are Portland, Eaa Francisco, Los Angeles, Ogdem, Kansas City and Chicago. Show dates, grouped within a t want on th period each fall, will be taggered so as to permit exhibitors to place their stock In all six shows and thus compete for prise purses totaling as high as $78,000 for a single breed, he explained. County Judge Dica THE DALLES. Jan 10AV General Garfield ShulU, 89, Was co county Judge for three years. died today of a paralytic stroke suffered Sunday. Funeral ser vices will be held Saturday. ' -

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