The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 26, 1899 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 26, 1899
Page 3
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WgMi^AY JtTlJY 26, 1889, .aa^iririfairiju.i-.a.ajf; ¥l - .• .-,.-..-p*x?.-~-,~,--.~^-^—,.,.,..,,, JK ~J.,...^,. ..--..-fc g-.....^iifejto AsiMW,a»ij^i:t^,^!?-.*..,s-j.._-•,« rt ™»-i,«,^,i_:,T_ DICK RODNEY; * or, The Adventures of An Eton Boy jA/naa OR A NT. lions, CHAPTER XXIX.—(Continued.) the wild boars that lurked in the baffled our efforts for a long e. By the edge of the hatchet we 'Ossessed I fashioned for my own use kind of gpear, about six feet long, wtt out of a piece of fine teak wood, 'hlch I found upon the beach, this weapon I made and pointed ith -great care, and armed with it equently lay in watch for the sea- but without success. On the shore, at this season, when he sunshine was reflected from the r loping faces of the volcanic rocks and 'from the surface of th>! sea, the heat beyond all description—Intense, breathless and suffocating, so that the lungs would collapse painfully in the difficulty of respiration. to breathe was like attempting it at the mouth of a newly-opened furnace, and so I usually retired inland and sought, the cool solitude of the deep thickets, or wandered '• through groves of solemn, impressive and majestic old trees; for some were there so old that they must have cast the shadows of their foliage on Alphonso de Albuquerque or Tristan da Cunha and their bearded followers. How many ocean storms had swept their- leaves into the waste of waters since then! We had now been five days on the island without a sail being seen, though more than half our time was spent in, watching the horizon; and so Tom Lambournes' old shirt still waved In "v'aln from the boom-end on the mpuntaln-top. On the fifth day, however, to our surprise, the signjH was AO longer visible, so" we supposed that a gust of wind had overthrown It In the night. Lambourne, Carlton and Probar started for the mountain-top to restore it, while Hislop and I rambled into the woods, where we had a view of the shining sea to the westward. The waves came in long rollers, as there was a fresh breeze blowing from the west, and the foam rose white and thigh on the tremendous bluffs of the 'inaccessible Isles, as we named them. All the water between them was a sneet of sp.arkllng and snowy froth, amid which, had we been nearer, we ^nou-ld doubtless have seen the black heads of the sealions, as they sported in the spray and sunshine. On asking Hislop how far he thought we were from the continents of Africa and South America, he replied, without hesitation: "We are about fifteen hundred miles from the mouth of the Rio de la Plata on the westward, and twelve hundred odd from the Cape of Good Hope on the east; but there is laud nearer to us " "Land nearer!" I reiterated, "There are the three Isles of Tristan da Cunha, and about five hundred miles southwest of us a desolate rock called the Isle of Diego Alvarez; and fortunate it is indeed for us that we were not cast away there, as it yields only mossy grass and now and then a few seals or sea-elephants may be seen upon the reefs about it. Dut, Dick Rodney, does it not make one long to be afloat again, with a good ship underfoot, both tacks and the breeze, too, aft?—a cloud of canvas, carrying the three masts into one when seen astern —the lower studding-sail booms rigged out and dipping in the flying spray as she rolls from side to side— does it not, I say, bring all this to mind, when from here we can watch •Ihe waves that rose, perhaps, between the shores of Mexico, rolling in foam 'between these rocky isles? Do you remember Homer's description of the .curling wave?" And without waiting >tay reply he began to recite from the llliad with wonderful facility: ("As on the hoarse, resounding shore, when blows the stormy west, )The billowy tide comes surging wide, from ocean's dark blue breast; 'First in mid-sea 'tis born, then swells and rages more and more, And rolling on with snowy back, comes thundering near the shore; .Then rears it crest, firm and sublime, 1 and with tumultuous bray 'Smites the grim front of the rugged rock, and spits the briny spray." How far Hislop, in his classical enthusiasm might have pursued his free translation, till we had all the deeds f Agamemnon and others on that tre- jtnendous day before the walls of Troy, cannot say, had not a crashing sound $R the adjacent thicket roused and Jarmed us. We started up and had just time to nceal ourselves behind the trunk of tree when a herd of seven wild boars plunging out ot the thicket to Ink at a runnel which flowed toward e sea. They were unlike any of the swin- raca we had ever seen before, and s ut for pur vague sensations of alarm •e could have watched them with [leasure, as they inserted their long, snouts in the water that sparkled ipder the forest leaves. They were all broad-shouldered aui- ,als, with high crests and thick, iristly inanes, and all were black in [olor--or darkly brindled. Unlike those of the sty-fed hogs, to •hich we bad been accustomed at pjne, their erected bristles shone like }yer pr polished steel in the rays of jnshine that fell through the waving ranches, their eyes were flashing and ;ear« ajid their skins were all clean, It. washed for a show ol prize pip. thin flanked, active and strong, they began to grunt and gambol, and to splash up the glittering water, till suddenly they caught sight of us, and all fled, save one, a fierce old boar, which, after tearing up the grass with lis hind feet, came resolutely forward, showing, a pair of tusks that made me '.remble for the calves ot my legs if ventured to run off, and still more 'or those of poor Hislop, who was alike unable to escape or confront him. Fortunately I had my teakwood spear. While keeping a tree between me and the boar, he prepared for the offensive by whetting his terrible tusks against a stone and grunting hoarsely. Excited and bewildered, as he came on at a quick run, I charged my weapon full at him, and by the mercy of "•rovidence, the point entered one of iis fierce, glittering eyes, which made him rear up and recoil, while in his •age and pain the bristles on his ridgy back rose up like little blades of steel. "Into his throat with your spear!" sried Hislop; but I anticipated the sug- ;estlon, for ere the words had left his Ips I had buried—thrusting deep with all the force that excitement and ter•or gave me—the pointed teakwood shaft down his red and gaping throat. Choking in blood, in foam and fury, :be great boar writhed upon his back, and in doing so twitched from my hands the weapon, which still remained wedged in his throat and tongue, and rendered him almost powerless. I tnew not what to do now, for If he snapped it through, and thus released ilmself, we, or at least I, would be lost. But as he lay there on his back and sides alternately, snorting, roaring and :overing the grass with bloody froth, and tearing it by his bristles, Hislop sprang forward and though weak with many half-healed wounds, drove a slasp-knife repeatedly into the throat and stomach of the monster, which soon lay still enough. When it was quite dead I drew out my teakwood spear, and found the point almost uninjured, for I had hardened it in fire. We thrust two crooked branches :hrough the tendons of the boar's hind legs, and by these drew it to our hut, which was about half a mile distant; :here our prize caused great congratulation among our crew, and I obtained no little praise for performing so hardy a feat. Our return diverted for a time some excitement and surprise which had been caused by the return of Tom Lambourne, Probart and Carlton from the mountain top, with tidings that the studding sail boom had vanished, and that not a trace of it was to be found anywhere! CHAPTER XXX. A New Perplexity. The disappearance of the boom and of Tom's old striped shirt, which had waved from it like a banner, excited considerable speculation and something of alarm. If simply overturned by the wind, it must have lain where it fell; at all events, it could not have rolled far from the cairn, or pile of stones, in the center of which we had wedged it. By Mita.t agency had this disappearance come to,pass? That it was the work of wild animals could not for a moment be conceived; so the event filled us with vague, but very alarming conjecture. With his hatchet. Probart the carpenter cut down and prepared a long and slender tree to replace the lost boom on the top of the Devil's mountain, as we now termed it; and while one portion of us assisted him In this, the other set about the capture of some of the wild goats with which the woods abounded, as we were anxious to procure the milk of the females, and the flesh of their kids. This was a moat arduous task, as they were so fleet of foot; and when pursued, or when in search of those bitter and astringent plants of which they are so fond, they could gain the most dangtrous pinnacles and ledge.3 of rock that overhung the sea. In such places there grew a kind of wild laburnum, and Hislop did not fail to remind me that Theocritus described it as the favorite food of the goat. We often saw these agile quadrupeds spring, without pause, fear or hesitation, from pinnacle to pinnacle, or from ledge to ledge of rock, where, had they missed footing, they must have fallen a thousand feet or more, either into the ocean on one side, or, some ravine on the other, and there, perched far aloft, they would remain, looking at us quietly, and reminding me of the couplet: "High hung in air the hoary goat reclined, His streaming beard the sport of every wind." By great industry, and the exertion of incredible labor and activity, we succeeded in capturing five, by isolating them from their flocka, and chasing them Into chasms and corners from which they had no means of escape, and then we secured them by the running rigging of the long boat. Some of the females afforded milk, a rarity and nourishment to us who had been sp long at sea. the flesh of a, kid we thought delicious, and lest we should tire of roasted and broiled, Jack ' Bnrnrt, the ship's cook, contrived td ' boil some pieces ot a go&i In Its own skin, stretched upon sticks, with a fife underneath, salt tor a spice, and sliced pumpkin for vegetables. Of the hoi us, when carefully scraped and cleaned, wo made very efficient drinking cups, in which our rum, duly mixed with water, was doled out to us by Hislop, the keeper of onr provision store. The eggs .of the sea birds were a constant object of search, and being an expert climber, I frequently collected great numbers of those laid in the crevices of the rocks by the sea gull and storm-finch. Our life was one of perpetual cxpos^ ure and daily activity. Though over- powerlngly hot at noon, the atmosphere of the morning and evealtig was delightful, and, as these portions of the day were spent in hunting for tood, the time passed rapidly, but Hislop's chief fear was that if we were not taken off by some ship before the rainy season set fn>, our discomfort and danger from agues, would become very great. By the time we had been fourteen days on the Island he was recovered so far as to be able to join me in making an exploration of it, or rather In walking all around It. The circumference of the largest isle Is. only four leagues, but its shores are so steep and rocky In some places that traversing them proved a most arduous task. On the eastern side we found a great cascade pouring from a brow of rock upon the beach. The latter was covered almost everywhere by a broad- leaved seaweed, the dark and slimy tendrils of which were several yards in length and were termed by Hislop 'the gigantic fucus." So day after day passed, and, amid our various means of procuring food, we never failed to keep a keen lookout to ssaward for a passing sail; but none came near that lonely Islet of the southern sea. One morning I found there had drifted ashore near our hut a mass ol that mysterious substance,, the origin, of which has puzzled so many naturalists—ambergris. It must have weighed more than a hundred pounds, and' when we threw some of it into the fire it melted and diffused around a most agreeable perfume. This marine production, which Is only to be found in the seas or on the shores of Africa and Brazil, is alleged by some to be a concretion formed in the stomach of the spermaceti whale. On the fifteenth morning after our landing a seaman named Henry Warren, who went to milk our goats, which had been tethered to a largo tree near the hut, returned in haste to announce that the ropes which had secured them were cut, apparently by a sharp instrument—cut clean through —and that the goats, the capture of which had cost us so much labor, were gone. "Cut? By whom?" asked every one. Before we had time to consider this, Hislop came out of the hut, and stated that one of our three bread bags had also been cut open, by a slash from a knife, apparently, and that several pounds of biscuits had been abstracted. The strange alarm, and what was worse, the doubt of each other, which these discoveries excited, were painful and bewildering. We examined the place where the goats had been tethered, but could discover no traces of feet, and nothing remained but the ends of the ropes (the long boat sheets and halliards) tied to the stem of a tree. (To be continued.) A Zulu Bridegroom. The daughter of a Zulu In comfortable circumstances does not leave her father's kraal without much pomp and many queer rites, which doubtless are held by her people in high estimation. It-may be noted, too, that the marriage customs ot these dusky Africans are subject to Innumerable variations, each tribe having its own peculiarities. Hairdressing, by the way, is an important feature both to the brida and bridegroom, aud the attention paid to the coiffure of the pair would shame the performance of a West end hairdresser who arranges a bride's locks and fastens the orange 'blossom chaplet. A cone-shaped erection, for instance, is the lawful coiffure of a Zulu -wife, and this cannot be legally worn till the marriage rites are duly completed. Save for the all-Important cone, the bead of a Zulu bride is closely shaved, an assegai being used for the purpose; whilst, as soon as a youth ia of a marriageable age, bis head is shorn to leave a ring round the scalp, and then liberally besmeared with fat and ochre, without which unguents no Zulu would feel fittingly .decorated for his bride. When the bridegroom-elect has been shorn of all his hair save the wool on the crown, which is trained in a circular ahape and some four inches in diameter, a ring is sewn to this, of gum and charcoal; In this the Zulu thrusts long snuff spoons, needles, and small utility artfcles, and is very proud of his ring, which is the badge of manhood.— From "Cassell's Magazine" for March The Kalaer's Two Sides. While Poultney Bigelow was In the midst of a lecture before the Sesame Club (London) on "The human side o the German emperor," a witty lady in the audience scribbled down these lines and sent them up to the speaker They were read with much laughter They say the Kaiser has a human side I know not what they mean. Of course it is His lyjajesty's Inside— The side that's pfver seen. DAIRY AND INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOfi OUR RURAL READERS. Hotr 8nce«»«fat Fnrmew Operate Thin Depnrtment of the Farm—A Few Hints a* to th* Cat-* of fclte Stock and Ponltry. Table Ponltrr, The following paragraph on the advance In public tastes for table poultry ia from a report by Mr. Edward Brown, the English poultry expert: With respect to table poultry, the most notable feature Is that the pubic taste is being educated as to the value of fatted Jowls In those parts ot the country where they have been hltn- srto almost unknown. Consumers are Beginning to realize the truth of what nas been pressed upon their notice for years, that a properly fatted fowl Is cheaper,, even though costing nearly twice the price, than a lean bird, whilst as to flavor there is no comparison between the two. But as yet the )ulk of these birds having to be obtained In the southeastern counties,, carriage is a serious Item,, and enhances rreatly the cost in provincial towns. Jntll, therefore, local supplies are ob- alnable we can scarcely look, for groat developments in this, direction. Aa an. nstance of what might be,, a. dealer in. Yorkshire told me some time ago that he could sell 20 to 30 dozen birds per week if it were not for the carriage, as such, as he did. sell had. to bo ob- ;alned from Kent. Some fattening, establishments have been started,, but not so many as could be wished, and one or two attempts have been given up, chiefly owing to/ difficulty In obtaining supply of suitable chickens, and. another, because the place selected was unfavorable. These changes will occur in every industry. Many at;empt, but not all succeed. In Ireland less has been done in fattening than might have been expected, due to attention being especially concentrated on the egg, industry. I am pleased to record that In Wales there is more at- :ention being paid to, poultry, and though the developments are small, at present, they may lead, to great results. :t is surprising how supine the Welsh 3ounty Councils are in regard to this ndustry,. which has such great possi- jillties in the principality. the Table Poultry Show at Smithfleld, in Deceni- r,. was remarkable' for the advance In the quality of the exhibits;, and that show can be pronounced to. be the finest ever gathered together, either at iome or abroad. In, the earlier exhibitions there were many birds of prime quality, but the others fell fair behind.. It is satisfactory to note,, however, the :enera] improvement, and in specimens sent from other districts than the southeast of England, though the best birds, as a rule, emanate thence. A number of agricultural societies have instituted classes for table po.ultry In their annual shows, and the demonstrations glvon are increasingly popular. Regulating tho liutter Trade. Before the factory system of butter- making became general in New South Wales, it was usual to arrange matters O that the calves were dropped late in winter, in order that the cows might obtain the full benefit of the early spring grass, says the Australasian. This general calving period has not been departed from to any great extent, even under the altered conditions of dairying. As a rule the majority of the cows are still timed to "come in" during the months of August and September. Some of our dairymen, however, where the factory system is established, are arranging to have a greater number of calves arrive in the autumn, about April and May. At that period a large proportion of the cows are nearly dry, and, as a consequence, many of the factories are worked at a loss, or closed altogether, for lack of milk supply. Butter then becomes scarce and dear, and none being avail-, able for export the London trade is disorganized, greatly to the disadvantage of the producers. It seems clearly evident that by regulating the-calvlng season, having half of the cows fresh In autumn, and the other half fresh in spring, farmers would make more money in the aggregate, and the work" at the farms and factories would also be steadier, instead of there being, as at present, a rush at one season and stagnation at another. It is perhaps true that the spring is the best season for exporting butter, but against that advantage there is the fact that, late In summer and all through winter, butter usually brings a. higher price in Sydney than in London. There is something radically wrong in tho system of management pursued, when, during one-half of tho year, we export largely, while at another we import butter and pay higher prices for it. Regulating the calving season, and providing the cows with extra food when grass is scarce would remove that anomaly, and yield more profit to producers in the long run. The export of butter must in fact be maintained steadily all the year round, if the industry is to be permanently prosperous. Erratic shipments are greatly complained about in London, but the dairymen of New South Wales, particularly on the Clarence and Richmond Rivers, are gradually altering their management in the direction indicated, and they hope soon to be able to regulate their butter output to a nicety every week in the year. The Cause of Ilopy Milk. Bacteriologists now tell us, says the London Farmer, that the ropy condition sometimes assumed by milk or cream when "set" for ripening Is due to the development therein of a certain fora* of bacterium—a near relative of the organism (Bacterium lactls) which is known tp cause the souring or ripea- Ing o| cream, Under ordinary lions the bacterium which catt&fi the souring of cream so rapidly develops, and so pronouncedly asserts Itself that none of the many other organisms which are known to be capable ot thriving in milk are given the opportunity of making their influence felt; but -When, from any cause—such as the presence of dirt, etc.—the other organisms are afforded the necessary facilities for development, they also soon begin to assert themselves, and in this way iptoduce one or other of the many conditions which are known to affect Injuriously the churnablllty of milk and cream. Heretofore the explanation usually given for the roplness of milk was that it was due to the ill- health of the cows. May it not be, that, after all, this was quite a correct explanation, for is it not possible that the fact that the milk Is obtained from cows which are constitutionally unsound may render such milk alt the more susceptible to the attack and more favorable to the development of the organisms which are the immediate cause of the roplness? The Sftfff Scab* The 1 states of the west are now well stocked with sheep scab, saya the Farmer, Mauy r perhaps most of the flocks,, affe as yet free, but ia almost every county, and frequently in many places in th«- sam« county, there are flocks of sheep that have- either been brought in from, the weat or have been In contact with sheep brought in from the-, west that are affected with the Scabi. Tho ordinary man can not afford; to take- a scabby sheep as a gltt. The' well posted, careful farmer can afford to take them, provided he baa no. sheep of his own, a>t a low price,, because he can by great care and twice dipping cure them, but he would; haro to< buy them at much less than their value to be justified In going to the expense, labor and risk. Farmers, therefore,, who are wishing to. stock up with sheep will need to keep their eyes open,, and if they keep their ears open to. the gossip of the stockmen, ot the neighborhood it will not be toi their disadvantage. No man ever gets scab) in. his flock without bitterly regretting it,, and the inexperienced; farmer had better have no sheep than have sheep evea at half price that have been in contact with scabby sheep. B.vecy floclt brought in from the west in the last year is liable to: suspicion, and thu same' liability to suspicion attaches to every flock with which anjr Individual western sheep has been oven for an hour in. contact. rnllitimuatlou of the Crop-,. Prominent among the diseases of the crop is inflammation, writes Dr. N. W. Sanborn in American Poultry Journal. This ia an; irritation of the mucous lining caused by unslaked lime, "rough-on-rats" (phosphorus) and sometimes from the over use- of spice. With an Inflamed crop the bird is uneasy,, moving aimlessly about, occasionally standing still with depressed head, and then seemingly trying to vomit. The- treatment depends upon the cause-. In the beginning of an acute case, caused by alkalies, give weak vinegar water; caused by phosphorus, gives magnesia. In all sudden cases try to empty the crop of its contents. If the crop is nearly empty, give warm water to give something to work with; then hold the bird head downward and work the contents toward the mouth. When the crop is empty, give flaxseed tea for drink and keep on light foods for a week. Value of Records to Cow Keepers.— There can be no effective economy in dairy management, even in the management of the few milk cows of the farmer who keeps them only for his own dairy supplies, if the cost of keeping and the value of the product ot each cow are not noted. Very often only the total cost and product of the herd are noted, and as a result of this neglect of detail individual cows that do not pay the expense of their keeping are retained in the herd, taking just so much every day from the net income of the owner. It would not be much trouble to investigate the cows individually and cut. out of the herd all that are unprofitable and a burden upon the business.—Ex. Some Advantages of Sheep Keeping. —Sheep have some advantage over other stock on the farm. They are less liable to fatal diseases. The loss is small if you do lose some, as the wool has paid for their keep, as a rule. You receive an annual income without loss in numbers of your flock. You can have fresh meat at your pleasure without fear of loss, a dish that the farmer has too little of as a rule. If dogs kill or Injure your flock, there 13 a tax coming from the right source set apart to reimburse you (the dog tax).—B. F. Gray. Methodist Hens.—Among the means suggested for raising money for tho New Zealand Twentieth Century fund is that of an "egg league." A hen, it is proposed, should be devoted to the "cuuse," and as "any decent hen" will lay a dozen eggs in a month, twenty months would produce 240. Most circuits, }t is calculated, would have 100 hens "on the lay," and this would mean 10,000 hens throughout the colony. At sixpence a dozen for eggs this would work out at $25,000. And then there would be the 10,000 hens to dispose of. It would go hard if, although tired and tough, they did not fetch a shilling each, which would mean another $2,500. — Northwestern Christian Advocate. It has been taught constantly that beets of high sugar content cannot ba expected, if they aye allowed to grow to a large size. Yet the prevailing feel, ing among farmers growing beets is that if they have 9, 60yi $,.l&,rf e, beets '—tfte larger the»-"— - « T —- •<-—a. success of tttttig _ Did yotJ *7«t stop io coneid«r thai We do many things simply thfough force of habit; tbat Is, perform many operations or Aa work lit a certain manner because we- *er* taught to d<* eo? one of these practices is to keop tha work horses shod all around during the working season, says a contributor to Ohio Fanner, ThonSafcds of dollars are needlessly expended every year for this purpose. 0! eottwa in many cases horse-shoeing it abso* lutely necessary for farm horses as In a rocky stony section, or wfien th« farm work horse is also frequently, wsod for road purposes. Usually whefo more than two horses are used upon the farm, only one team need be shod All around, and even they—if blessed *ith good, strong, tough hoofs—nfted to have only the fore feet shod, and In every state you will find good, substantial, humane farmers who do not use shod horses for the road only during the icy • season ot winter and spring. Of course this class don't usually drive at a 2:40 gait, but It will >e observed they get to their destlnk*'*-' n and return on time, just the same, limply by starting a little sooner and spending a little less time in discussing politics or public matters at the Bonier grocery. By the usual plan it costs, from March to December, to keep a farm team properly shod, at least a five- dollar note and in many cases much more, in this era of stringency and close living, farmers should pay a little more, attention to another important point in horse breeding; uao only a sire or dam that has good, strong, tough hoofs. It is Just as posr o to have these useful parts of th» horso handed down to their offsprings . as it la ta tans obtain color, size and: actlvltj, or road qualities, and if this important phase of breeding had here-, tpfore received its proper attention, the horse-shoeing business would not have been so profitable as it has been. Thousands, of farm horses that are now annually shod all around would give j,ust as good service if only tho fore feet were thus protected. There nx» need to enlarge upon the trouble caused by Improper shoeing; it is. known to all farmers. ' Some blacksmiths cut and pare the outer hoot and frog until it almost bleeds. If possible, stable the horse on a ground floor; The earth and attendant moisture will remove the fever and soreness from the hoof and limbs, that the best cure-all will fall to do. A few, days or weeks in a good pasture is tho best general medicine for overworked horses. _ A Yoar'H Feect< Those who desire to know how much food a flock of hens will require in a year may be interested by the statement that the poultry manager of the Canada Experiment Farm kept an ac-, curate account of what he fed out to a flock of fifty hens, mixed and thoroughbreds, in one year—1,882 pounds, of wheat, 244 pounds of oats, 281' pounds of barley, 440 pounds of ground grains in mash, or 2,807 pounds of' grain at 1 cent a pound. They also had 244 pounds of cut green bone, at the same price, 394 pounds cooked refuse meat at l 1 /^ cents a pound, and 8 pounds 7 ounces blood meal at 4 cents a pound. They also were given vegetables and grit to the value of |3,' making the total expense for food $40.26, or 80% cents per fowl for the year, 57 1-3 pounds of grain and nearly 13 pounds of meat each. ' Removing the Calf.—Many dairymen take the calf from the cow immediately after birth, avoiding the trouble there will be in separating them if it is not done until the calf, has sucked several days. Those who postpone the separation two or three days do so because the cow is more quiet and contented, an Important matter during her feverish condition. It is easy to teach the calf to drink in either case. Whole milk should ba given for eight or ten days, and after, that some skimmilk should bo substituted, diminishing the proportion of whole milk each day until it finally ceases to form any part of the ration. The skimmilk must always be perfectly sweet and lukewarm, and only so much given at each feeding as the calf will entirely clean up. It will do qult» as well on this diet as if allowed to suck.—Ex. Food of the Mare.—The mare with foal should have plenty of nutritious food, but it should not be tha ; kind that promotes the accumulatioa Q£ fat.. Tha foal is developed through, the teed to the dam, and for that development is needed the class of fesdUxa stuff that builds up its frame. Aside from that it is not well for the toaj, fojr the mar* to have much fat, as there iis, with such condition often a certain tendency to a feverish state which would prevent the foal from receiving healthy support. Let the feed contain but little corn, consisting mostly of oats, bran and good roughage. Just before the time of foaling the. feed should have a somewhat laxative effect, and at the same time should have the constituents that promote milk production.-' Texas Stock and Farm Journal. Hay SubsUtutes.-«-Several of th« large varieties of sweet corn, such aa the evergreen, will, if planted not later than July first, provide a large amount pf fodder for the latter part of Sep<« tember, 4 When well cured before frost, and fed dry this fodder makes a valuable and cheap substitute for hay dur« ing the winter, aud is readily eaten by all stock. If thinly sown in drills the larger ears can be utilised for lat* table corn. Protein (nitrogenous matter) is the name of a group of substances containing nitrogen. Protein, furnishes t&» materials for the Jeajo flesh, $0,0,4, skin, muscles, tendons, nerves, hair, horns, wool, pas^in. <•}£ -

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