The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 12, 1899 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 12, 1899
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*="•——- Dm Mommt .ALOOJNA, IOWA, WM>KESDA* JXTLY 12 i&o. ONE OF OUR NEIGHBORS, ?'Where Once the Buffalo Roamed" Is Now Formed Into Provinces, Not long Bines ft great American writer, In an article on the "Wheat rupply of Europe and America," made the statement that to the north of the international boundary line there was only a narrow fringe of land capable of producing wheat. Another writer, replying to this, said that wheat could t be successfully grown at Fort Simp-, son, a Hudson Bay Company's post at the junction of the Liard and Macken- «ie rivers. Fort Simpson Is at latitude 62 degrees north, and is as far •northwest of Winnipeg as that city Is northwest of New York city. It Is possible not only to raise wheat at Fort Simpson, and of a better quality than Is grown In any other country, but at a point miles further north rye and oats are grown, whilst two hundred miles still further north barley ^and potatoes. are successfully pro- 'duced. Nor Is this very extraordinary, •as will appear further on in this ar- ,tlcle. } The attention that is being directed sibilltlea it presents to th« poor man, the ioan of moderate means and the capitalist, will therefore be In order. To properly appreciate the enormous extent of this territory, four hundred mile* north and south and nine hundred miles east and west and embracing a narea of 360,000 square miles, let us state that If we draw a line from the northern boundary of Pennsylvania to the southern line of West Virginia, passing through Harper's Terry, and take all the west of that line to the Missouri river, embracing, as well as parts of the states named, all of West'Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri and Iowa, we shall have American territory equal in extent and area, but in no wise superior, to the portion of western Canada under consideration. In short, there are In Canada two hundred and seventy nine thousand square miles of land for the plow not surpassed in fertility by any area of similar size on the face of the globe, and it is nearly A WESTERN CANADA WHEAT FARM. towards Western Canada at the present time and the large number who are going there for the purpose of making it their home, has been the cause of an Interview with Mr. James A. Smart, the deputy minister of the interior for Canada. He is a gentleman thoroughly posted and ready at all times !to impart Information concerning Canada's resources. Mr. F. Pedley, also of Ottawa, Canada, is the superintendent of the immigration branch, which is almost a department by itself. Tho result of the Interview with Mr. Smart is practically embodied in the accompanying article. The extent of Canada is enormous. The distance through Canada from the Atlantic to the Pacific Is 3,000 miles. Its area, all told, is 3,456,,383 square miles. Of this it is safe to say, there 'Is less waste land than in any other country In the world. It Is not our purpose to say much if anything about the older provinces of Canada, as they 'are mostly fairly well settled. Western Canada comprises the province of Manitoba, 74,000 square miles; British Columbia, 380,000 square miles; .Assiniboia,' 90,000 square miles; Sas- icetchewan, 106,000 square miles; Al- "berta, 106,000 square miles; Athabaska, 104,000 square miles, to say nothing of Keewatin with about 300,000 square •miles, and the unorganized territories •of the northwest with over 900,000 square miles. As a grand total the area of Canada In square miles is 3,456,383. Assiniboia, Saskatchewan, Alberta and Athabaska alone constitute a region larger than all Russia in Europe. Time was when It was to the interest of the great fur dealing companies of the continent to send the impression abroad that this vast region was fit only for the habitation of the beaver, the buffalo and the bear, 'but It has been demonstrated and is now generally understood that these vast plains contain the finest wheat and grazing lands in the world. This applies not only to the comparatively well-known province of Manitoba and the districts of Assiniboia and Alberta, but to the entire region lying four all embraced within the limits herein described as western Canada. A few words as to the climate of this great country may not be out of place right hare. Th« climate of western Canada, as described by those who have lived there for some years, is very agreeable, and much preferable to that of the east. Disease is little known; epidemics unheard of. Winter extends full three momths, usually. There is little change during winter. Frosts are keen, but, the air being dry, a temperature of 20 degrees below zero there Is more bearable than 10 degrees above In the damp and changeable climates of the east. Spring sets in about the first of April. Some seasons, however, seeding is begun early in March, the snow having entirely disappeared. Spring Is quickly followed by summer, whose long days and cool nights have a very beneficent Influence upon vegetation. The growth is more rapid than anywhere known in lower latitudes. The soft maple has been known to grow more than five feet high in a single season. Autumn is delightful. It extends Into the middle of November. Snow sometimes does not fall until late In December. This gives the farmer the opportunity of finishing his threshing, marketing his thousands of bushels of No. 1 hard wheat, and yet leaving him sufficient time to put his land In crop for th« following year. The wheat of western Canada is known to be extremely hard. The yield is also from 30 to 50 per cent more than in the states south of the boundary line. There are natural causes for this. The further you travel towards the northern limits of its growth the better the quality of the soil. The reason that it is bettor is because the subsoil, throughout the heat of the summer, is kept moist at all times by the slow melting of the deep winter frosts, the moisture thus maintained ascending to the surface and nourishing the roots of the grain. This stimulates the growth, keeps th« plant always fresh and produces a bountiful crop. Again, just when needed, when the heads are ripening, sunshine is longer. AFTER THREE YEARS' RESIDENCE IN ALBERTA, WESTERN CAN ADA. hundred miles northward of the Canadian Pacific Railway. To the west of this vast territory lies British Columbia with Us Innumerable rivers, yleh IB fish, ite gold, silver and copper mines and Its fertile valleys capable .of producing the choicest fruits in great abundance. It is to that portion of western Canada lying between J^ke Superior on the east and the Rocky mountains on the west that 'tine attention of the agriculturists throughout tha world is being directed »t present and it is to that district they are looking for homes for them- selyes and their children, and for the fplutlon of problems created by the overcrowding of population in tb,e older countries and the United States. A few authenticated facts regarding yagt regipfl ao4 tbe Jaflnite pte- Heat and sunlight are both needed to bring wheat to maturity. The greater the amount of both the better the result. From the 15th of June to the 1st of July there are nearly two hours more daylight in every twenty- four in, western Canada than In tlie state of Ohio. A great deal can be said as to the agricultural possibilities of this vast regjpn. Lord Selkirk, at one time, prophesied that these plains and valleys would one day maintain a population of thirty million souls. And why should they not? Manitoba alone last year had nearly two million acres under crop—wheat, oats, barley., flax, and other grains and potatoes and other roots. Between sixteen and seventeen bushels of wheat were marketed. Niuety-flye per cent of the prairie is good wfaeat laad The average yield of wheat varies under different conditions. la some years the average has been ov*r thirty bushels. Once or twice it went as low aa eighteen bushels. At even the lowest average, with good prices there are few Industries that will give better profits, A late United States consul, in one of his reports of harvest time, states that the entire labor of the region was found to be totally Inadequate for the task before it. The wheat straw was so tall ahd stout and so heavily laden with grain that the work of reaping and sacking was extremely exhausting. The strength of the growing grain frequently broke the reaping machines, and the utmost exertion of strong men was required to handle the great 'weight of the sheaves. But while wheat is king in that region it is by no means the only cereal grown. The oat, barley and pea crops are phenomenal. Oats yield all the way from 60 to 90 bushels per acre. In some cases they have been known to exceed over one hundred. A delegate who visited the country reports, "One hundred bushels of oats, and sixty bushels of barley per acre were common crops. In one case the oats stood feet six inches high, the heads were five feet six inches long, and each chaff twelve inches long, and each chaff ease contained, not one but three perfect kernels." Barley, as stated, yields enormously. It is sought after by brewers everywhere and it brings several cents per bushel more than that grown In other countries. Peas yield splendidly. They are extremely free from bugs and grubs. Used In fattening hogs and for other feed, they are superior in every way to corn. The absence of hog cholera in this country is attributed by experts to the excellent feed, corn not being used. Corn can, however, be grown, but wheat pays so much better that but little attention is given to corn. In roots and vegetables, it is estimated by all who have any knowledge of the matter in these products, this region has no competitor. Ripe tomatoes may be seen in profusion in the middle of September. They have been known to ripen as early as the 1st of July. Displays of roots, vegetables, garden products are made at the agricultural fairs that for size and quality cannot be equaled at any of the fairs In the United States. An Ohio gentleman visiting one of these fairs said he had never seen anything in Ohio to equal it. Three cabbages together weighed one hundred and twenty pounds. These were as solid and fine grained as though they had weighed but six pounds apiece. Prize potatoes, he said weighed four pounds each; those weighing three were so plentiful that they attracted little attention. Beets, carrots, turnips, etc., also The export trade la hogs Is constantly on the Increase. They come next to caMte In point of Importance to the farmer. Poultry is also very profitable, but tip to the present time the local demand has absof bed the supply. The educational facilities of the country are equal to any on the continent. Rural schools are about three miles apart In the settled districts, and they are free. The government makes an annual grant to each school. This covers all expenses, including the salaries of the teachers, who are properly certificated. One eighteenth part of the whole of the "Fertile Belt" from Pembina to the Saskatchewan and beyond is set apart for the maintenance of schools. This is a meat generous endowment. In 1871 the school population- of Manitoba was 817. It is now over 50,000. In 1883 the average ait- tendance was 5,000; it has now increased to about 24,000. In 1883 there were 246 teachers; now there are over 1,100. These schools are well Inspected at intervals by competent educationalists. The average salary of the rural teachers is $368 per year. The schools are non-sectarian and In no character national. In connection with educational government, experimental farms have been established in Manitoba and the territories. All the, different kinds of grain, seeds, roots, vegetables, etc., that it is sought to grow in the province, are sown on the varied Boll* that are found on these farms. The results are carefully noted and published for the information and guidance of the farming community in th« different newspapers of the country. The government also sends around to the towns and villages a traveling school of dairy instructors who give lectures, accompanied by practical operations by competent men, in all the arts of cattle raising, butter and cheese making, etc., that all may learn the best methods known without the lost of time and money to the settlers. Farmers' institutes have also been established. These, affording practical farmers the opportunity of interchanging experiences, are of great assistance to the agricultural community. Railways now traverse all the settled parts of western Canada. Very few farmers are more than a dozen miles from a market or railway. Railway stations, with post offices, and elevators for the storage of grain occur at intervals of about seven or eight miles. The only remaining territory on this continent in which ranching on.a large scale can be gone into is to be found in western Canada. The District of Alberta, immediately east of British Columbia, is pre-eminently fitted for ranching. Its area is 400,000 square miles, and it extends from north to south 430 miles, and from east to west 250 miles. The opportunities offered here in this respect are unparalleled by., any other country in the world. The country is open, rolling and well wa- GEORGE W. JULIAN IS DEAD, FARMERS' TEAMS AT A WESTERN CANADA FAIR. grow to an exceptionally large size. Watermelons have been known to weigh as much as seventy-five pounds, citrons twenty-five pounds. Experimental tests of different varieties of grains and roots have been made for the purpose of gaining information as to their productiveness and usefulness. The results of these tests for three consecutive years are given below: In oats, of twelve varieties tested, the average yield at the Manitoba Experimental farm was 75 bu., 20 Ibs., per acre; at the Northwest Territory's farm the average was 85 bu., 23 Ibs. per acre. In two-rowed barley, of six varieties, the average yield at the Manitoba farm was 42 bu., 31 Ibs., per acre; at the northwest Territory's farm 56 bu., 26 Ibs. per acre. In six -rowed barley, six varieties, the average Manitoba farm yield was 51 bu., 1 Ib. per acre; at the Northwest Territory's farm 60 bu., 6 Ibs., per acre. ' In spring wheat twelve varieties, the average yield at the Manitoba farm was 35 bu., 28 Ibs., per acre; at the Northwest Territory's farm 41 bu., 41 Ibs., per acre. In potatoes, twelve varieties, the average at the Manitoba farm was 343 bu., 50 Ibs., per acre; at tlie Northwest Territory's farm 300 bu., 15 Ibs., per acre. Wild fruits, strawberries, raspberries, currants, gooseberries, grapes, plums, cherries, and cranberries grow In great abundance. Dairying in all parts of western Canada Is a specially Important industry, and has made great strides during recent years. The butter which has found its way to the east and the English markets was found to be of excellent quality and in some cases superior to its competitors. Mixed farming pays well throughout the region. Horses and cattle thrive well on the prairies. Almost all classes of high bred cattle are to be seen. Beef export is very large, but it is now expected that the mining district of British Columbia and the Yukon will create a splendid home market. The quality of the beef is tlie richest, and the cost of production Is reduced to a minimum the profits are very large. Frequently an animal will bring from $30 to |60, which did not cost the farmer or rancher more than a few dollars. This is most especially the case in the great raudiVng district of Alberta, where the herds r "am the ranges throughout the year. The country is peculiarly »4apt«j 10 sheep raising, and it is fouiM} very ?&' tered. The valley and beach lands produce a most luxurious and nutritious growth of native grass. Cattle, horses and sheep graze outside the whole year. .The snowfall is light, and it is melted almost as it falls by the warm Chinook winds which blow from the Pacific ocean. Profits are large. Steers costing the owners but a few dollars each bring from $35 to $45 on the ranges. Heretofore the cattle have been exported, but with the opening of the British Columbia' Yukon mining regions, there is a large and constantly growing market right at home. The northern part of Alebrta, in addition to being a ranching country, haa large deposits of minerals. It is also heavily wooded as well as well watered. In all Canada laws are enforced with the strictest impartiality. There is no such a thing known in Canada as mob law and lynching, not even in its most remote districts. The peace lover and the law breaker both know that the laws of the land will be enforced, and they govern themselves accordingly. It Is not alone in agriculture or stock raising that Canada offers unequaled opportunities to the young or middle aged man. Its fisheries are the richest in the world. Its numberless rivers and lakes, as well as its sea line, teem with fish of all kinds. British Columbia salmon is famed the world over. British Columbia has enormous for- ete of timber. This province is one of the finest fruit growing regions in the world, while in its valleys there are large areas of agricultural lands open for settlement. In mining Canada promises to equal, if not eclipse.any other country. British Columbia mines have made for the province a reputation that any country might be proud of. In fact, the entire region from the boundary line north to the arotic circle, and from the eastern slope of the Rocky mountains to the Pacific ocean, appears to be an inexhaustible deposit of minerals of all kinds. The Klondike region, almost wholly in western Canada, is known throughout the whole civilized world today. Three years ago it was quite unknown. The output this year is expected to reach the magnificent sum of twenty million dollars in gold. Competent authorities believe that the output will be doubled each recurring year, for years to come. ' There is no other country offering the great opportunities for either" the •poor man, the moderately rich man, or' the capitalist as western Canada affords. Millions of acres are ready for the pjpw % Some of it free, am} the rest of it ftt a vwy }ow prM® j* ' Soil Leader Passes Away at HI) Home In Irvlnsrton. Indianapolis, July 8.— George W, Julian died at his home in Irvlngton at 11 o'clock on Friday. His daugh- j tcr, Mrs. Grace Julian Clarke; his son Paul, and Dr. L. Thompson, famllj physician, were present when he died Mr. Julian began to fail last Sunday, but his illness was not marked until 4 o'clock Thursday, when h< suffered a stroke of apoplexy. Hi seemed to recognize the physician an<j members of his family after he was stricken, but since Thursday nigh) he had been in a comatose condition He died peacefully without recovering consciousness, and apparently without suffering. George W. Julian was born in Wayne county, Ind., near Centerville, in 1817. His early life was spent on the farm. •His political career began in 1840. Four 'years later he took the stump for Clay and Frelinghuysen. It was in this year that his abolition belief took root and became the mainspring of his political career. In 1845 he was elected to the legislature from his native county. When Taylor was nominated Julian boldly announced that he could not support the ticket, and that he would affiliate with the Free Soil party. He was chosen a delegate to the Buffalo convention and an elector of the Fourth congressional district of Indiana. In 1859 he was a candidate for the vice presidency on the Free Soil ticket and was a delegate to the first Republican convention at Pittsburg in 1859. He served in congress many years from the "burn district." In May, 1885, he was appointed surveyor general of New Mexico. Chicago Hoard ot Trade. Chicago, July 7.—The following table shows the range of quotations on the Board of Trade today: Articles— —Closing.— Wheat— High. Low. July 7. July 6. July ..? .721,4 $ .71% $ .72% ? .72% .73% .731/8 .73% .75 Sept Dec Corn— July Sept Dec Oats- July Sept May Pork— July Sept Lard— July .. 6.07% 6.07% 5.07% 5.07;i Short ribs- Sept .. 5.22% 5.20 5.22% 5.20 July .. 4.80 4.80 4.80 4.80 4.92% 4.87% 4.90 .32% .33% .33 .23% ,20 7 / 8 .227s 8.35 S.55 .33 .33% .32% .2SV» .201/2 .22% 8.35 8.50 .33% .33% .33 .23% .20 % .22% 8.35 8.55 .33 V 2 .33% .33% .23 y z .20% .227* 8.35 8.55 Sept 4.90 I'Inii Peace In All Lunds. The Hague, July 10.—The plan for arbitration was submitted to the committee at The Hague Friday and apparently was well received. No definite action was taken, the delegates desiring first to receive instructions from their respective governments. The scheme provides for mediation, and then for a permanent court of arbitration, with an international bureau at The Hague. The powers who accepc arbitration are to sign a special act, clearly defining the object of the dispute as well as the scope of the arbitrators. The powers' act confirms the undertaking of the parties to cub- mit in good faith to the decree of the arbitrators. The committee decided not to reassemble until the 17th inst. Ohio Democrats Organize. Columbus, Ohio, July 10.—A state organization to be known as the Ohio Association of Democratic Clubs was formed here Friday for the purpose of disseminating democratic principles as enunciated in the last democratic platform and for the more complete organization of the democratic party in Ohio. The resolutions adopted reaffirm allegiance to the Chicago platform and "demand the renomination of that fearless champion of the democracy and the people's rights, William Jennings Bryan." Strong "anti- expansion" resolutions were adopted. Colorado Is Kntlmshisttc. Denver, Colo., July 10.—The people of Denver are enthusiastic over tha formation of a western regiment, and propose to donate a set of colors that will remind the Thirty-Fourth of the fact that the regiment was born in the shadows of the Rocky mountains. Recruiting for the new regiments will not begin for ten days, when it is expected that orders will be received giving detailed instructions. The old order of things will obtain until then. To Tost Motor Mounted Guns, i London, July 10.—Lord Kitchener of Khartoum is about to inspect guns .mo'mtecl upon motor carriages, adapted by Hiram Maxim, the American inventor, from the plans of Frederick R. Sims. The war office is giving careful consideration to the use of the automobile in war, and an official order for the organization of an experimental battery of. machine guns mounted on gasoline motor carriages is likely soon to issue. I'lague Is Racing in Africa. ( Washington, July 10.—Advices to the state department through the United States legation at Monrovia,, under date of July 7, confirm the report that a plague is raging at Grand Bassam, in the French Ivory Coast colony. This colony is adjacent to Liberia, on the east coast, and to the British 'Gold Coast colony, on tue west coast. The disease is similar to the bubonic plague in India. It Jjas fatal effect upon all A Painful Infirmity. "By Georg-e, I didn't kfcort> that thf littlest Miss Jacobs was so hard of hearing." ' "Didn't you? What's happened?" "Why, I jnst said to her, 'Is it hot enough for you?' and she turned on roe like a flash and murmured, 'Oh t William, this is so sudden.'" Where It Happened. Belle—He says he kissed her tmdfct th« bay window. Dolly—The ideal Making such ft blunt reference to the dear thing** nose, which she cannot help. A certain superintendent was sent, not long ago, to the Standard 011Com« pany's works at Whiting to oversee' matters One morning he discovered an Irishman laying pipe ia the cfis* ternary excavation The ,siiperihten« dent has a wonderful comnfend of sul* pliurons language. Something about the man's work displeased him, and lie suddenly opened up on the poorfeU low with all his heaviest artillery. But, though he condemned him to perdition in a dozen different ways, the man in the ditch never so much as looked up. The superintendent suddenly pulled up in his wild tirade. "See here, my man," he roared, "don't you know that I'm giving you hell?" Tlie pipe layer paused. Hlightly turning liis head he squinted up at th« superintendent. "An 1 ain't I lalcin 1 it Hked a little mon?" he nsited, quietly. The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad la about to make a radical change in its method of running dining cars and it Is expected that the new plan will meet with popular approval. On and after the first of June, all meals, except dinners, will be served on the "a la carte" plan. Hitherto on the main line, all service was at the uniform rate of on« dollar per meal. Two new dining cars are being built and will be In servica by July 1, so that all through traini will be provided with first-class dining cars. Isine-tenths of the human family usa the left side of the mouth for the mastication of their food. Farming In Colorado and Now The Denver & Rio Grande railroad; 'the Scenic Line of the World," haa prepared an illustrated book upon the above subject, which will be sent free to farmers desiring to change their location. This publication gives valuable information in regard to the agricultural, horticultural and live stock interests of this section, and should be In the hands of everyone who desires to become acquainted with the methods of farming by irrigation. Write S. 1C Hooper, G. P. & T. A., Denver, Colo. Anticipation of a pleasure isn't always greater than the pleasure itself, though it often seems so. TWO FAMOUS RESORTS. An O.utlng Hint from "Outing;." Fast, safe, superbly equipped and most carefully governed, one need not wonder at the great popularity of the New York Central. No other line affords such facilities for through travel between the Bast and the West as this wonderful four-track system. In the possession of Grand Central Station, located in the heart of New York City, and within trifling distances of all first-class hotels, this railway offers greater advantages than competing lines. Spring, summer, autumn and winter, it has attractions irresistible. The great Northern Wilderness, the playground of the State, now beckone its thousands. As autumn falls, Amer-i lea's scenic masterpiece, far-famed Niagara, will claim its annual host ot pilgrims with its majestic power, the fierce turmoil of the Whirlpool and all of the picturesque surroundings, the awesome Cave of the Winds and the several other minor attractions of the vicinity. And when, winter cornea, then the entire scene transformed to what seems a fairyland of marvelous frost dressings, of icy forts and snowy palaces; of gleaming, crystal prison barriers vainly striving to bind the roaring, foaming plunge of water—will present a spectacle of weird, mysterious beauty which is not duplicated In the world.—Ontine. f "Arkansas Valley Truth" Is an Illustrated journal describing' the Varied Resources O t the Arkansas Valley in eastern Colorado. Here are successfully raised, by IrriR-ation, great quantitiesof fruits, grains and alfalfa, Crops are Sure and profitable, and climate exceptionally healthful. Write for free copy of "Truth," also for information about home- seekers' excursion tickets. Address General Passenger Office, The Alchison, Topeka & Sand Fe Railway, CHICAGO. Epworth League NATIONAL CONVENTION, INDIANAPOLIS, IND., JULY 20-23, 1899. ....ONfcY....' One Fare Round Trip Except that from points \rlthln 33 " »»es thei excursion fare will be One »nd One-third Pare for Hound Trip not to exceed one dollar, * Jn?v l»**BO* l ai b W n 8a lf fr . om »« PO»ntJ ^Sff*^^^^ il aSfSS^^^w.^wwa jRS?_l* i'S*?! 1 * » r « deposited with J,U«1

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