THIS DM i ALGONA I()WA» WEDNESDAY JtJLY 5, 1899 GoA can make prosperity a curse and affliction & blessing. Binder Ttvlne ttlitort- The single strand binder twine, In general use today, was the original conception of Mr. William Deering of the Deering Harvester Co., Chicago. The value of the idea Is apparent, since without it the modern twine binder would be impossible. Th6 Deering Harvester Company Is the largest manufacturer of binder twine Itt the World. Some men are long headed and narrow minded. Are Yon Using Allen'B Foot-En Kef It is the only cure,, for Swollen, Smarting, Burning 1 , Sweating Feet, Corns and Bunions. Ask for Allen's Foot-Ease, a powder to be shaken into the shoes. At nil Druggists and Shoe Stores, 25c. Sample sent FREE. Address. Allen 8. Olmsted, LeRoy, N. Y. A (rood occupation prevents mental dissipation. COLORADO PARKS. Nature's Storehouses of Health In the Rooky Mountains. The season of summer travel, with Its delights of recreation and new scenery, change of air and forgetfulness of business cares and duties, is again upon us, and the question most considered in cottage and spacious home is, "Where shall we spend our summer vacation?" The answer is equally Important to those of limited means and their,more fortunate neighbors. Those who live in the central west naturally seek the higher altitudes, and the neighboring state of Colorado furnishes near and comparatively inexpensive and delightful resorts. The Union Pacific has expended vast sums of money in its efforts to provide health and comfort for its passengers to Colorado, and its 'lines reach the most desirable points, and traverse the immense parks wihch Nature has established in the mountains. To fully understand the Colorado parks they must be seen. No description can do them justice, and neither the skill of a Bierstadt or Moran could picture their pure atmosphere—so like the breath from Paradise—nor reproduce their beauteous colors and forms. In the city a park is a huge square, with trees in checker-board primness, where the lakes have fish as tame as chickens; the animals are in cages, and are neither attractive nor natural. But how different in a mountain park! The range kindly parts to give it room and shields it in its great arms. There are grassy hills and dales where feed the noblest game, and trees which shelter birds of plumage and song. The lakes—some of them miles in length—are rippled by the coming and going of ducks and geese. The streams bear along, eager for the bait of the angler, the speckled loads of trout, most delicious as they brown over the evening's coals. There are no precise graveled walks, and no elaborate fountains.but the footfall Is lost on the turf, and springs gush forth with sparkling tune to gladden the thirsty with a liquid such as never ran 'through the rusty pipes of a city. The altitude gives coolness without Jhill, and warmth without oppressive 1ieat. "The Overland" is the name .given to the Union Pacific Railroad .and it has become a synonym for com- .fortable travel. The equipment of its trains is up to the standard required by modern tourists, and It makes the best time and traverses a scenic route ivhich has made It famous. 1 No better advdco may be offered to those who are weary of the heat and •care of home than to apply to the nearest agent of the Union Pacific for tickets by its route to the coolness ami pleasures of Colorado parks. FARM AND GAftDM MATTERS OP INTEREST AGRICULTURISTS. TO 6ome tTp-to-Date Hints Abont Ctal tlvntlon of th« Soil and Yields thereofr—Horticulture, Viticulture and floriculture. No one becomes unhappy by doing good deeds. NESS Do you get up with a headache? Is there a bad taste In your mouth? Then you have a poor appetite and a weak digestion. You are frequently dizzy, always feel dull and drowsy. You have cold hands and feet. You get but little benefit from your food. You have no ambition to work and the sharp pains of neuralgia dart through your body. What is the cause of all this trouble? Constipated bowels. will give you prompt relief and certain cure. Keep Your Blood Pure, If you have neglected your case a long time, you had better take Aycrs sarsaparllla also. Jt will remove all impurities that have been accumulating in your blood and will greatly strengthen your nerves. Writ? the OvelQi', There ww be »owetblog about your c»;a YOU dp not quite um'er. «taua. Writ* the doctor freely : tell bun bow you $19 sufforim;. You receive tEe 'Jut will promptly jnedlcal advice. Dr. j. c. Artdrea«, Bolls and Fertilizers. Bulletin ,136 of the New Jersey Experiment Station says: Great progress has been made in the use of commercial fertilizers in the past few years A point of primary importance that has been learned is that their application Is necessary in the profitable culture of many of the crops grown in the state. The question next in importance to this is how to use the materials containing the plant food elements in order to secure the largest return from their application to the different crops. While the three constituents, nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash, are all essential, because all are liable to exhaifstion, nitrogen Is the one that should receive more careful attention than the others—first, because it Is the most expensive of the three to supply; second, because the forms in which it exists differ so widely in their rate of availabllty or immediate usefulness to the plant, and third, because when it is applied in an Immediately available form it is so readily soluble and so completely carried In the soil water that there is great dan- g*er of its loss by leaching. The mineral elements, potash and phosphoric acid, on the other hand, are relatively cheap as compared with nitrogen. In the case of potash, the availability of the different forms In which it is usually obtained Is not a matter of importance, since all are readily available, while in the case of phosphoric acid the soluble and immediately available forms contained in superphosphates may be obtained quite cheaply as many of the organic forms, as animal bone and tankage, which are not so immediately useful. These mineral elements, too, however soluble when applied, are fixed by the soil, and are thus not liable to rapid loss by leaching. When the farmer applies the minerals or materials containing phosphoric acid or potash in their best forms his expenditure is not so great as for an equal amount of nitrogen; he can place his dependence upon its presence there during the growing season, and that the plants can readily obtain It, and he can rest assured that if the one season's growth of the plants does not use the entire amount supplied, the residues will remain for future crops, though they may be less readily acquired by them. The chances of obtaining in the crop at some time the needed minerals applied, even when used In excess, are greater than those from the application of nitrogen in excess, or even in moderate amounts, because of the differences here briefly outlined. , In the next place, the farmer should remember that the best use of nitrogen is attained when it is applied to soils in good condition, rather than to 'poor, worn-out soils, and he should also consider whether, even if the Increased yield from its use should be as great as can be expected, there is a possibility of obtaining a profit. The soils to which high-grade fertilizers are applied should possess good absorptive and retentive properties, in order that the materials applied may DC held and retained for the use of the crop, and the physical character also should be such as to permit a ready penetration of heat and an easy circulation of water, conditions which are essential in order that the activities within the soil may be unimpeded, thus making it possible for the plants to obtain their needed food. In too many cases good plant food is wasted, because applied to mixtures of sand, clay and other materials, rather than to soils in the true cense. Prepared Soil. In some out-of-the-way corner, not too near house, and yet not very far away; have made an excavation a foot deep and a few feet square. If in grass ground have the sods in a heap by themselves and the soil in another heap. Put a layer of stable manure in the bottom of the excavation and over it a layer of sods (cut fine) and earth mixed. Here throw the waste from the kitchen vegetable parings, bean and pea pods, weeds from the garden, clippings from the lawn, faded boquets, rhubarb Seaves; also leaves from the fore&l, li convenient to get. Cover this collection of waste, occasionally, with soil, •und water the mass with wash suds, 'Chamber slops and dish water, adding Bry soil in sufficient quantities to take up the excess of moisture. Have the mass worked over several times during the summer. Do not add to it after the first of September, but start another heap. After a few days of dry weather, in the latter part of September, sift the soil in the first heap and you will have an ideal compost In which to pot your winter plants, says Vicks. If the second heap gets rotted down before cold weather, sift and mix with one part sand to two parts soil, and have something your winter bulbs will enjoy. It isu't much work to prepare the compost. The waste and weeds must go somewhere. The wash and waste water must be disposed of, and It Is better to have a place where it can be turned to good account than to let^ it all go down the sink drain, to breM sewer gas, or into an open drain to breed flies and foul smells, If not diphtheria and typhoid^ Honey Pew. no great pretentious to few* harl»$ lived all my Y life in the woods of southern Indiana, I have had a chance to learn something of this much talked of Honey Dew, and I am free to take the ground that there is no Such thing, and I will give any man flve dollars on receipt of one pound of honey that can be proved to have been gathered from deposits of aphides, says a writer in Farm Journal. .Next summer, say the last of June or during July, when the weather is warm and moist, what is generally called splendid growing weather, take a trip out into the woods in the afternoon, climb up into an oak, hickory or ash tree and examine the leaves, and you will find small particles of dried substance on the leaves. Be sure to have a glass with you and you will find a small rupture on the top side of the leaf, showing that the substance dried on the leaf has exuded from it. Now touch your tongue to this dry substance and you will flnd it sweet as sugar, and on the ash, hickory, poplar, pear and maple you will flnd it of a pleasant flavor, but on the oak it will not be so pleasant. At that time you will flnd no bees working on the leaves, but early the next morning return to your investigation and you will flnd these same trees alive with bees, provided there was a fall of dew the night before, as this substance must be dissolved before the bees can handle it. In localities here, where no oak or black gum timber grows, we get no better honey than is gathered, from the so-called honey dew. The two kinds mentioned seem to make it very dark. Repairing an Undertlralii. While it is true that a deeply laid underdrain with even fall will seldom ;et out of repajr, there are many drains which are dug with fall which varies much in different parts, says Ameri:au Cultivator. It is just here that the break is most likely to occur. In .he suddent arrest of a body of rapidly falling water, either the stone or .lie are liable to be turned one side, and when the water reaches the nearly level part of the drain it backs up hill until it accumulates enough force to break an opening to the surface, whence it often runs over the drain :hat is empty below. There will generally be found an obstruction some ''eet below where the break occurred, and by digging until this is located, and removing it, the repairs of the drain can be made with little difficulty, irovided it is done the same season that the break occurs. If left longer the result will be that the neglected drain will have Its channel filled with mud, so that it will be easier and cheaper to take It all out and build a new drain than to attempt to repair t. Yet so difficult Is the task of repairing a drain while the ditch is filled with water that there is temptation to leave the work until there is less mud and slush. In other words, much of a drain is ruined to save some disagreeable work in muddy water. Feuding Value of Rape. Rape has a high feeding value. It makes an excellent feed for fattening sheep and swine and for producing an abundant flow of milk in milch cows. On account of danger of tainting the milk many people do not feed it to the jows until after milking. Rape can be ised to good advantage as a part of the •ation for animals that are being fed n pens for market or for the show ring. It is also a valuable food for ng lambs at weaning time. By beginning as early as practicable in the prlng, and seeding at intervals of twc r three weeks, a continuous succession 'f rape can be produced throughout the period when the permanent pastures are most likely to be short. Rape will ndure quite severe cold weather, and will thus last a long time after the rdinary pasture grasses succumb to he frost. By the use of this crop, tock can be gotten into good condition or the holiday markets or for winter, and there need be no check in growth, at, and milk production through in- ufflcieut succulent food during the late ummer and autumn months, as is too requently the case.—T. A. Williams. The 1'unsy, The pansy is a lover of cool weather, t gives its largest, finest flowers, and ts most profuse crop of them, in the pring and during the early summer, and, if the plants have been properly reated, again in the fall. It would no oubt continue to bloom as freely dur- ng the summer as in spring or fall if he weather conditions were the same. But as soon as the Intense heat of the nidsummer comes on the vitality of he plant begins to be affected, and this .ccounts for the indications of dwindling," mentioned by my corre- pondent. Its flowers become smaller nd smaller, until they are wholly un- ike, in all respects, the magnificent pecimens of May and June. And as he heat of the season, generally ac- ompanied with more or less drouth, ncreases, the plants seem to die off by nches. The red spider, encouraged by ry weather, which he delights in, adds ils efforts to the work of the heat, and he luxuriant plants of spring are hardy recognizable in July and August.— larper's Bazar. Grain Rusts.—The Kentucky Expe- iment Station has issued a bulletin relative to grain rusts, concerning espe- ially the red rust of wheat and the methods of treatment and prevention, lust, while a very destructive disease, a comparatively easily treated by the armer with a little ordinary care and udgment. The method of killing by caldiug is the most generally em- iloyed, and has been conducted successfully for years. The poultry business is no "cinch" or »lazy m»o. of Kansas for wool production is afforded by well attested records of Some of its flocks, which are easily accessible, says Secretary F. D. Coburn, of the Kansas department of agriculture, in the board's recent quarterly report devoted to "The Modern Sheep." One of these, consisting of several hundred head of thoroughbred and high-grade Merinos, has had for many years and still has its home in Sedgwick county. At a public shearing, a four-year-old ram of this flock, weighing 120 pounds after shearing, yielded a fleece of one year and sixteen days' growth, weighing, wholly without artificially weighting or "doctoring," 52 pounds—by 7% pounds the heaviest authenticated year's growth ever shorn. The same ram, when two and three years old, sheared 37% and 44% pounds, respectively, making an average yield of 44 3-5 for each of the three years, or more than any year-old fleece ever previously taken from a sheep. The two heaviest fleeces ever taken from a sheep In two consecutive years were also his. This animal was born and reared in Kansas, and his sire at one time produced a fleece of 33 pounds and 13 ounces, which weighed 13 pounds, 4 ounces of cleansed wool ready for the spindle, or 2 pounds and 2 ounces heavier than any cleased fleece of which there is record. While the foregoing is a wonderful record for a single sheep, the ram mentioned does not by any means stand alone in the phenomenal yields of wool in Kansas, for to this same Kansas flock to which he belonged stands the credit of producing the heaviest fleece ever shorn from a yearling ram—28 pounds; and also 28 pounds—fourteen months' growth—from a yearling ewe. In addition to all this, there was sheared from a three-year-old ram a fleece of one year and three days' growth weighing 46 pounds; from a ewe, a fleece weighing 30 pounds; forty-seven two-year-olds avsraged 27% pounds; twenty-seven yearlings made an averc>3 of a small fraction less than 18 pounds per fleece; while the entire registered flock of 247 head made the remarkable average of 18 pounds 12 ounces each. These breeding rams sheared 38%, 41, and 41% pounds, respectively; a five-year-old ewe, with a sucking lamb, 27 pounds 14 ounces; and a yearling ram, 24% pounds. Taken all together, this showing is so remarkable as to be well-nigh incredible; but as the shearing was done in public, the weights as published, can be verified by numerous reputable witnesses. In view of the above It is interest- ng to know something of the management of these sheep. They were never permitted to go hungry nor want for ?ure water; they were carefully housed tach night during the winter and at all times when the weather was stormy. In the winter these sheep were fed principally on corn, corn-fodder, and iheaf oats, along with a light ration of cottonseed meal. The cottonseed meal kept them in a good, healthy condition, and has much the same effect as feeding turnips, beets, and other roots. While it seems to bo an excellent food for producing heavy fleeces, it is not esteemed equal to corn for fattening. For rapid fattening, a ration of corn in the morning and cottonseed 'meal In the .evening were found to give very satisfactory results. Date Palms for the Southwest.— What kills one plant, nourishes another. This is exemplified In some sections of the west where the alkali in the soil is fatal to most crops but where the date palm thrives. What most plants require is plenty of humus and absence of alkali. What the date requires is absence of humus and plenty of alkali. The date palm is quite hardy and furnishes one of the jest and most easily raised ornamental pot palms for the house. This tree, while no native of the United States, finds some very congenial conditions in our southwestern country. As an ornamental it flourishes as far north as San Francisco, but it produces fruit of value only In arid regions, farther south, where the air is dry and tne summer heat intense. An old Arab saying is that the date wants its feet n water and its head in the fire. Forest Tree Planting in New York.— '•lew York is experimenting In forest tree planting. The state owns large stretches of burnt over Adirondack .imber land, which is now growing up to useless scrub, and upon this the state college of forestry is planting spruce, white pine and other valuable timber trees. At the same time a nursery has been started with seed enough o furnish three million seedlings, which it is stated will suffice to cover ;wenty-five hundred acres. The col- ege proposes to plant at least flve lundred acres each year and possibly the forestry commission of the state may be induced to follow the example and plant larger areas. Forests in British America.—The forest area of American British possessions is estimated at about 800 mil- ion acres. The settler has cut his way nto the fringe of this vast woodland, jut his depredations are nothing as compared with the terrific scourge of fire which has rampaged through it at different times. The United States las about 450 million acres of forest and this is being rapidly depleted by the axe and also by destructive fires, which the government however is now nvestigatlng means to prevent-or control. Fifty walnut trees in Cass county, Michigan, were recently sold for ?10,« 000 cash. These trees have ROW been felled, and will be shipped to English buyers. The largest tree was seven feet in diameter at its base, ana will yield, lumber worth, frojn f700 to f },«% PHILANTHROPIST FINDS HIMSELF IN NEED OP MONEY. OBT* Away ft Million Dollars, All B* Had, for the Benefit of Hli Fellow- Men and It Now In Abjeo Want — Hla Sold for 867,000. Oakwood, the beautiful Probasco .nome in Clifton, near Cincinnati, on which over $500,000 was expended, was recently knocked down at auction to Louis B. Reakirt for $67,000, and thus pas««s from his possession the last asset of Henry Probasco, art connoisseur, bibliophile and philanthropist, who retired from business over a quarter of a century ago, worth easily $1,000,000. HENRY PROBASCO. He gave Cincinnati the beautiful Tyler-Davidson fountain, an art treasure which has added to the fame of the Queen City the wide world over; he made public and private donations to tvery kind of cause until it is estlmat- «d that his gifts and benefactions aggregated over $700,000 and now, in his old age he finds himself a hopeless bankrupt, homeless and practically penniless in the city which he so lastingly enriched by his munificence. He is credited with having been a remarkably good business man and every transaction down to the present time exhibits the man of most careful and methodical habits, for his accounts are models of bookkeeping, accuracy and precision, but giving grew to be a passion with him, and he literally gave his all away. CACTUS PRICKS A PROPOSAL. Young: Man Struggled Desperately Agalust Fate, but Had to Give Up. From the Washington Post: The man in the case has been studying law here, but on Saturday he went to Omaha to share the practice of a kinsman. The girl lives here, and the man thinks the climate of Nebraska would agree with her wonderfully. He has been meaning to tell her so for a long time, but he has put the matter off again and again, awaiting a favorable opportunity, till last week, the summons to Omaha coming unexpectedly, he determined to risk all at once. There was a party to Great. Falls, a party so properly chaperoned that most of the day passed before he had a chance to speak to the girl alone. Then, by connivance of the chaperon, he had her off to look for wild flowers. They climbed the rocks, and there they found cactus, or, at least, something that looked exactly like cactus of the western plains. It was so curious and so enticing that, the girl picked a great bunch of it. Little white hair-like objects which grew in patches on the leaves stuck to her fingers. They looked innocent enough, but when the young man undertook to squeeze her hand she discovered, and he, as well, that the tiny w&tte hairs were so many almolt InvWlbte needles. They sat themselteii down on » rock, and h« *«******; gently, Wltb hit handkerchief, to rl« bet daiftty hands of the torturing Whltti "stickers." You can't urge th« ad*, vantages of the Omaha climate oa * girl who says "Ouch!" every time ytm take her hand, you know. The > youflf man bided hia time, and when the lit- tie hands were fre« of needles, he tooM his handkerchief and quite absently blew his nose. If you have ever blowft your nose on a handkerchief load«4 with cactus spines you know what happened. An overdose of snuff and aft acute attack of hay fever are mer« bagatelles compared with what happened to him. He was gasping an« sneezing and cursing his luck when th« chaperon came in search of the two ci- thern, and he hadn't said a word about the Omaha climate. You can't say things like that between sneezes to a girl who' is giggling, you know. Mournfully he left for the west on Saturday. He may be foolish and bring up th« climate matter in a letter to her. H« may be wise and wait to tell it to her In person when he comes to Washington again next wmter. If he is foolish, she may reject him. If he wisely waits, somebody else may carry her off. Either way you look at it, it is a melancholy state of affairs, and he blames It all on the cactus. STALKING A PEACOCK IN INDIA "The gods made nine gems, but only one peacock," says a proverb of India, the native ancient home of the beautiful bird. The proverb, however, la not strictly in keeping with facts. There are two peacocks—the bird of India and Ceylon, and a second species, the peacock of the Far East, of Java, Burmah and Siam. It is a legend of the Indian jungles that leopards and tigers can fascinate peacocks, and a writer in the London Spectator refer* to the experience of Col. Tytler to show how strong is the faith of the native* in the story. Col. Tytler, while stalking a peacock, was surprised to see how near it allowed him to approach. The bird paid no attention to him, but was gai- ing Intently, as if fascinated, at a llttl* patch of jungle just in front. Looking in the same direction, h« saw a leopard stealing on its belly toward the bird. He was Surprised, but his astonishment was greater when, on raising his gun, one barrel of which was loaded with ball, and covering th« animal, the leopard threw up its paws, and shrieked in a voice hoarse with terror, "No, Sahib, no, don't fire!" Col. Tytler for a moment thought he must be going mad. The next moment ha saw a man disguised in a leopard-skin, with a well-stuffed head and a bow and arrow in one paw, standing before him. The man so dressed was a professional fowler, who said that in that disguise he could always approach near enough to shoot the birds, and some* times catch them in his hand. Now Kind of Matches. The French match factories are now turning out friction matches which will ignite on any surface, but which are free from the objections raised against white sulphur. No smoke or odor is perceptible in the factories. Th« inflammable ingredients of the pasta are sesquisulphide of phosphorus and chlorate of potash. She Was Fortunate. Mrs. Gadabout—That Mrs. Hardhead next door doesn't seem to have many friends. Hostess (wearily)—N-no. I wonder how she manages It.—New York Weekly. MINISTER BELLAMY STORER. .Bellamy Storer, the new minister to Spain, who was lost sight of for a week or two, is a son of the late Judge Bellamy Storer of Cincinnati, and a personal friend of President McKinley. He is a second edition of his father, and in the opinion of many who knew the elder Storer and also know the sou be Is even more brilliant than his sire. He came out of Harvard in 1867, and two years later was assistant United States district attorney for southern Ohio. In 1890 Mr. Storer was elected to congress and WAS returned for a second term. The nead of the Spanish mission is admirably fitted for the delicate and Important post which he will soon assume.. A profoundly read urist he is well informed on international law. Then, too, he is an American clear through. The Storers among the earliest settlera O f th of Maine. His mother w w Dlla Drinker of Philadelphia, and 8 h« he * self was descended directly from th. copioneers of William p enn Mr Storer is a suave, polUhed, keen seeing man, and can be firm aa when occasion calls him.
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