The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on June 28, 1899 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, June 28, 1899
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U&Pttft MOINESi ALGONA, IOWA WEPNJB&DAY JPffS . .. 28« 1899, f IMAGE'S SEEMON. PlCtURES GOOD AND* BADi SUBJECT^ tSftlnh, 2:lJ}~ie, the t*xt: "the Drfy of the lord liosts Shftlt Bo tfpon All Flotisnht lectures"—Divine Mission of rnlntlnjf*. (Copyright 1899 by Louis Klopsoh.) Pictures are by some relegated to the realm of the trivial, accidental, sentimental or worldly, biit my text shows that God scrutinizes pictures, and Whether they are good or bad, whether , Used for right or wrong purposes, Is a • matter of divine observation and arraignment. The divine mission of pictures is my subject. That the artist's pencil and the engraver's knife have sometimes been made subservient to the kingdom of the Uad is frankly admitted. After the ashes and scoria were removed from Herculaneum anc Pompeii the walls of those cities discovered to the explorers a degradation in art which cannot be exaggerated Satan and all his imps have always wanted the fingering of the easel; they would rather have possession of thai than that of printing, for types are not so potent and quick for evil as pictures. The powers of darkness think they have gained a triumph, and they have, when in some respectable parlor or public art gallery they can hang a canvas embarrassing to the good but fascinating to the evil. It is not in a spirit of prudery, when I say that you have no right to hang in your art rooms or your dwelling houses that which would be offensive to good people if the figures pictured were alive in your parlor and the guests of your household. A picture that you have to hang in a somewhat secluded place, or that in a public hall you cannot with a group of friends deliberately stand before and discuss, ought to have a knife stabbed into it at the top and cut clear through to the bottom, and a stout finger thrust in on the right side ripping clear throug-i to the left. Pliny the elder lost his life by going near enough to see tho inside of Vesuvius, and the further you can stand off from the burning crater of sin the better. Never till the books of the last day are opened shall we know what has been the dire harvest of evil pictorials and unbecoming art galleries. Despoil a man's imagination and he becomes a mere carcass. The show windows of English and American cities, in which the low theaters have sometimes hung long lines of brazen actors and actresses in style Insulting to all propriety, have made a broad path to death for multitudes of people. But so have all the other arts been at times suborned of evil. How has music been bedraggled! Is there any place so low down in dissoluteness that into it has not teen carried David's harp, and Handel's organ, and Gottschalk's piano, and Die Bull's violin? What a poor world this would bo if it were not for what my text calls "pleasant pictures!" I refer to your memory and mine when I ask if your knowledge of the Holy Scriptures has not been mightily augmented by the wood cuts or engravings in the old family Bible, which father and mother read out of, and laid on the table in the old homestead when you were boys and girls? The Bible scenes which we all carry In our-minds were not goN ten from the Bible typology, but .from the Bible pictures. To prove the truth of it in my own case, the other day I took up the old family Bible, which I inherited. Sure enough, what I have carried in my mind of Jacob's ladder was exactly the Bible engraving of Jacob's ladder; anil so with Samson carrying off the gates of Gaza; Elisha restoring the Shunammite's son; the massacre of the innocents; Christ blessing little children; the crucifixion and the last judgment. My idea of all these is that of the old Bible engravings, which I scanned before I could read a word. That is true with nine- tenths of you. If I could swing open the door of your foreheads I would find that you are walking picture galleries. The great intelligence abroad about the Bible did not come from the general reading of the book, for the majority of the people read it but little, if they read it at all; but all the sacred scenes have been put before the great masses, and not printer's ink, but the pictorial art, must have the credit of the achievement. First, painters pencil for the favored few, and then engraver's plate or wood cut for millions on millions! What overwhelming commentary on the Bible, what reinforcement for patriarchs, prophets, apostles, and Christ, what distribution of scriptural knowledge of all nations, in the paintings and engravings therefrom of Holman Hunt's "Christ in the Temple," Paul Veronese's "Magdalen Washing the Feet of Christ," Raphael's "Michael the Archangel," Albert Dur- er'p "Dragon of the Apocalypse," Michael Angelo's "Plague of the Fiery Serpents," Tintoretto's "Flight Into Egypt," Rubens' "Descent from the Cross," Leonardo Da Vinci's "Last Supper," Claude's "Queen of Sheba," Bellini's "Madonna" at Milan, Qrcag- na's "Last Judgment," and hundreds of rotleg of pictures, }f they were put in line, illustrating, displaying, dramatizing, irradiating Bible truths until the 4criptur*B are not today eo much on paper as on canvas, not so much in ink as in all the colors of the spectrum,, in J833, forth from Strasburg, Germany, there came a child that was to eclipse in speed and boldness any- ttol&g that the world had ever seen Since the first color appeared on the mf »fc ttoe creatton—Gustaye Paul At eleven ¥e*rs of age he pub- llshed marvelous lithographs of his own. Saying nothing of what he did for Milton's "Paradise Lost," emblazoning It On the attention of the world he takes up the Bdok of Books, the monarch of literature, the Bible, and in his pictures, "The Creation of Lig "The Trial of Abraham's Faith," "me Burial of Sarah," "Joseph Sold by His Brethren,'* "The Brazen Serpent," "Boaz and Ruth," "The Transfiguration," "The Marriage in Cana," 'Babylon Fallen," and two hundred and five scriptural scenes In all, with a boldness and grasp and almost supernatural afflatus that make the heart throb and the brain reel and -the tears start and tho cheek blanch and the entire nature quake with the tremendous things of God and eternity and the dead. I actually staggered down the steps of the London Art Gallery, under the power of Dore's "Christ Leaving the Praetorium." Profess you to be a Christian man or woman, and see no divine mission in art, and acknowledge you no obligation either in thanks to God or man? It is no more the word of God when put before us in printer's ink than by skillful laying on of colors or designs on metal through incision or corrosion. What a lesson in morals was presented by Hogarth, the painter, in his two pictures, "The Rake's Progress" and "The Miser's Feast," and by Thomas Cole's engravings of tho "Voyage of Human Life" and the "Course of Empire," and Turner's "Slave Ship"! God in art! Christ in art! Patriarchs, prophets and apostles In art! Angels in art! Heaven in art! The world and the church ought to come to the higher appreciation of the divine mission of pictures; yet the authors of them have generally been left to semi-starvation. West, the great painter, tolled in unappreclation till, being a great skater, while on the ice he formed the acquaintance of General Howe of the English army, who through coming to admire West as a clever skater, gradually came to appreciate as much that which he accomplished by his hand as by his heel. Poussin, the mighty painter, was pursued and had nothing with which to defend himself against tho mob but the artist's portfolio, which he held over his head to keep off the stones hurled at him. The pictures of Richard Wilson of England were sold for fabulous sums of money after his death, but the living painter was glad to get for his "Alcyone" a piece of Stilton cheese. From 1G40 to 1643 there were four thousand six hundred pictures willfully destroyed. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth it was the habit of some people to spend much of their time in knocking pictures to pieces. In the reign of Charles I. it was ordered by Parliament that all pictures of Christ be burnt. Painters were so badly treated and humiliated in the beginning of the eighteenth century that they were lowered clear down out of the sublimity of their art, and obliged to give accounts of what they did with their colors. The oldest picture in England, a portrait of Chaucer, though now of great value, was picked out of a lumber garret. Great were the trials of Quentin Matsys, who toiled on from blacksmith's anvil till, as a painter, ne won wide recognition. The first missionaries to Mexico made the fatal mistake of destroying pictures, for the loss of which art and religion must ever lament. But why go so far back when in this year of our Lord, to be a painter, except in rare instances, means poverty and neglect; pocrly fed, poorly clad, poorly housed, because poorly appreciated! When I hear a man is a painter I have two feelings—one of admiration for .the greatness of his soul, and the other of commiseration for the needs of his body. But so it has been in all departments of noble work. Some of the mightiest have been hardly bestead. Oliver Goldsmith had such a big patch on his coat over his left breast that when he went anywhere he kept his hat in his hand closely pressed over the patch. The world-renowned Bishop Asbury had a salary of $54 a year. Painters are not the only ones who have endured the lack of appreciation. Let men of wealth take under their patronage the suffering men of art. They lift no complaint; they make no strike for higher wages. But with a keenness of nervous organization which almost always characterizes genius, these artists suffer more than any one, but God,- can realize. There needs to be a concerted effort for the suffering artists of America, not sentimental discourse about what we awe to artists, but contracts that will give them a livelihood; for I am in sympathy with the Christian farmer who was very busy gathering his fall apples, and some one asked him to pray '.or a poor family, the father of which :iad broken his leg, and the busy farmer said:' "I cannot atop now to pray, mt you can go down into the cellar and get some corned beef and butter and eggs and potatoes; that is all I cap do now." Artists may wish for our jrayers, but they also want practical lelp from men who can give them work. You have heard scores of sermons that make pleas for the suffer- ng men and women of American art. Their work is more true to nature and ife than some of the master-pieces that lave become immortal on the other side of the sea, but it is the fashion of Americans to niention foreign artists, and to know little or nothing about our own Copley and AUstpn, and Innmn Greenough, and Jtensett. Let the affluent fling out of their windows and nto the back yard valuejess daubs pn canvas, and call in these splendid, but unrewarded men, and tell them to adorn your walls, not only with tjhat waic-h shall please the tajste, but en- the «Hnde and imprpv? tb,e m.0r* save the souls of tUpae who gaze upon them. All American cities need great galleries of art, not only- open annually for a few days on exhibition, but which shall stand open all the year round, and from early morning until ten o'clock at night, and free to all who would come and go. What a preparation for the wear and tear of the day a five minutes' look In the morning at some picture that will open a door into some larger realm than that in which our population daily drudge! Or what a good thing the half hour of artistic opportunity on the way home in the evening, from exhaustion that demands recuperation for mind and soul as well as body! Who will do for the city where you live what W. W. Corcoran did for Washington.and what others have done for Philadelphia, and Boston, and New York? Men of wealth, if you are too modest to build and endow such a place during your lifetime, why not go to your iron safe and take out your last will and testament, and make a codicil that shall build for the city of your residence a throne for American art? Take some of that money that would otherwise spoil your children, and build an art gallery that shall associate your name forever, not only with the great masters of painting, who are gone, but with.the great masters who are trying to live; and also win the admiration and love of tens of thousands of people, who, unable to have fine pictures of their own, would be advantaged. By your benefactions build your own monuments and not leave it to the whim of others. Some of the best people sleeping in Greenwood have no monuments at all, or some crumbling stones that in a few years will let the rain wash out name and epitaph, while some men whose death was the abatement of a nuisance have a pile of Aberdeen granite high enough for a king, and eulogimn enough to embarrass a seraph. Oh, man of large wealth, instead of leaving to the whim of others your monumental commemoration and epitaphol- ogy, to be looked at when people are going to and fro at tne burial of others, build right down in the heart of our great city, or the city where you live, an immense free reading-room, or a free musical conservatory, or a free art gallery, the niches for sculpture and the walls abloom with the rise and fall of nations, and lessons of courage for the disheartened, and rest for the weary, and life for the dead; ami one hundred and fifty years from now you will be wielding influences in this world for good. How much batter than white marble, that chills you if you put your hand on it when you touch it in the cemetery, would be a monument in colors, in beaming eyes, in living possession, in splendors which .mder the chandelier would be glowing and warm, and looked at by strolling roups with catalogue in hand, on the January night when the necropolis where the body sleeps is all snowed under! The tower of David was hung with one thousand dented shields of jattle; but you, oh man of wealth, may have a grander tower named after you —one that shall be hung, not with the symbols of carnage, but with the victories of that art which was so long ago recognized in my text as "pleasant pictures." Oh, the power of pic- ures! I cannot deride, as some have done, Cardinal Mazarin, who, when old that he must die, took his last walk through the art gallery of his palace, saying, "Must I quit all this? .ook at that Titian! Look at that Cor- eggio! Look at that deluge o? Cnr- icci! Farewell, dear pictures;" As the day of the Lord of hosts, ac- orcling to this text, will scrutinize the pictures, I implore all parents to see that in their households they have neither in book or newspaper or on canvas anything that will deprave. Pictures are no longer the exclusive possession of the affluent. There is not a respectable home in these cities that has not specimens of wood cut or steel engraving, if not of painting, and your whole family will feel the moral uplifting or depression. Have nothing on your wall or in books that will familiarize the young with scenes of cruelty and wassail; have only those sketches made by artists in elevated moods, and none of those scenes that seem the product of artistic delirium tremens. Pictures are not only a strong but a universal language. The human race is divided into almost as many languages as are nations, but the pictures may speak to people of all tongues. Volaimk many have hoped, with little reason, would become a world-wide language; but the pictorial is always a world-wide language, and printer's types have no emphasis compared with it. We say that children are fond of pictures; but notice any man, when he takes up a book, and you will seo that the first thing he looks at Is the pictures. Have only those in your house that appeal to the better nature. One engraving has sometimes decided an etornal destiny. Under the title of fine arts there have come from Franco a class of pictures which elaborate argument has tried to prove irreproachable. They would disgrace a bar-room, and they need to be confiscated. Your children will carry pictures of their father's house with them clear on to the grave, and, passing that marble pillar, will take through eternity. Alight tie Useful. Washington star: "Mammy," said Plckaniny Jim, "Fs gwinter be one er dese hypnptizers." "Yon look somebody in de eye an' he des nach'ly goes ter sleep." "Well, don't you go was'ln 1 yoh time. Dab's sleepfulness 'nutf in disher wort', an' " She paused suddenly, and after a moment of thought added: "Jimmy, does yon 'magin you could do dat to a chicken?" The depth of feeling displayed by touches all ARMOUR'S WORKMEN GO OUT, Stockyard* Strike Spreads—Old-Tlrocrn tiOtik for SeilonS Trouble. Chicago, June 2(5.—Nearly 300 men Joined the ranks of the stock yards strikers Friday, making the force that is now out about 600, and the strike fever is on the increase. The first establishment to be seriously crippled was Armour & Co.'s pork packinghouse. The "shacklers," the men who shackle the hogs in the Billing department, went out at 9 o'clock, and after that hour not a hog was killed in the house. With the "shacklers" went the "shavers." The "shacklers" demand $2.75 a day and the "shavers" $2.50, being an Increase of 25 cen'ts in each department. This is the same advance as demanded by the platform men and truck handlers. Superintendent Miller of the International Packing company said he expected to see a general strike in the yards, growing out of the present trouble. Everywhere the men have been discussing the situation and they are practically agreed on demanding an increase in wages. They say their wages were cut 10 per cent in 1S93 witli a promise that the old rate would be restored. Some of the packers say they are willing to restore the old rate now, but that an increase of 25 cents a clay would be more than 10 per cent in most of the cases. It is estimated that 30,000 persons are employed in the yards, and old- timers are expecting a repetition of the big strikes of 1886 ami 189-t. Chicago Hoard of Trade. Chicago, June 23.—The following table shows the range of quotations on the Board of Trade today: Articles] ' —Closing.— Wheat— High. Low. June 23. June 22 July ..$ .74% ? .74% ? .74% ? . Sept Dec . Corn— July Sept Dec . Oats— July Sept May Pork- July Sept Lard— July Sept .76 % .T73a .34% .34% .34 .24% .22% .24% 8,121/2 8.32% C.OO 6.12% Short ribs— July .. 4.67% Sept .. 4.82% .76 .77i/a .34% .34% .33% .24% .21% .24% 8.07% 8.25 4.97% 5.10 4.67% 4.SO .76% .77% .341/4 .34% .33% .24% .21% .24 Vs 8.10 8.30 4.97% 5.10 4.67% 4.82% .<ti% .78% .34% .34% .34 .24% .22% -4% 8.15 8.35 5.00 5.12% 4.70 4.82% Plngreo Is with Algor. Detroit, June 24.—Gov. Pingree gave out a statement Friday to the effect that he had combined with Secretary Alger in the interests of Alger's senatorial candidacy. Geu. Alger will not withdraw under any circumstances, nor will he spend any money in tho campaign. The platform of their campaign will include the features of opposition to trusts and a declaration in favor of senatorial elections by direct vote of the people. The alliance was made at a conference hold Thursday,, at which several of the Pingree state leader? and the general and the governor were present. Tuliuuge Prostrattul !>., Jlcat. Atlantic City, N. J., June 26.—The Rev. T. DeWitt Talmago was Friday overcome by the intense heat in Wiish- iugton, according to a dispatch received here. Talmage was on* his way here from a vacation ,in the southern states. He had engaged to preach hero on Sunday morning on the steel pier. His physician telegraphed to the manager, Thomas J. Dibble, that heat and the great fatigue of the journey north had completely prostrated him. Dr. Talmage has been in ill health for some time. The dispatch stated that Dr. Talmago was in a serious condition. Milken Charges Against Sli-lkors. Evansville, Ind., June 26.—Judge Mattison has issued a restraining order against State President Horn, National Commltteemen Dilcher and Purcell, and the striking miners from going upon the property of tho John Ingle Coal company. This company makes sensational charges against the defendants. It is asserted, among other things, that the strikers have determined to burn the property of a miner who has remained in the employ of the company. High Wilt or In the IMia.sihsippi. Clinton, Iowa, June 26.—The Mississippi river has reached the highest point in years and is still rising. Five miles above this city tho river is four miles wide, and farm lands covering a tract three by ten miles are under water. Houses are surrounded anil families have been carried out in boats. Several hundred head of caltlo are on an island, and a slight riso will leave them in water tv.'o miles from laud. Ministry Authorized to Avt. Rome, June 2C.—In consequence ox the obstructive tactics of the party of the extreme right a royal decree has been Issued authorizing the ministry to institute by decree, on July 20, measures for the maintenance of public order, if in the meantime such measures are not approved by parlia< ment. Wood Will Not I.ouvo the Army, New York, June 2G.—Gen. Leonard; Wood, military governor of Santiago province, who was offered the prosit dency of a Washington street car company at a salary said to be $30,000 a year, has declined the offer, and \\l\l soon be< back at his army duty, New Cases of Yellow Fever, Santiago de Cuba, June 26.—Five new cases of yellow fever were reported Friday, three soldiers and two civil* No deaths were -reported, ,. • Their Yaried Kescrarces and Eich Possibilities Pully Demonstrated. THE EXPOSITION Of AN EMPIRE What Is to Be Shown nt the Greater America Expedition From the Klch Country Acquired hy Our Government In the War With Spain—A Display that Wilt Command the Admiration of Hundreds of Thousands. ; <i days gone by the road from empire to republic has 1 been long and marked by desperate struggles. In our own time we have seen a republic become an empire almost in a day; a free republic annexed, a kingdom wrested from an old world tyrant and added to the possessions of a younger nation. The thunder of Dewey's guns announced the opening of a new and strange chapter in American history, a chapter of grand achievements and mighty potent. The destinies of a people may be at stake, the fate of a nation may hang in tho balance as the result of the stirring events crowded into the brief space of a single year. It has been said that "the dreams which nations dream come true," and those who would give form and force to such dreams must needs understand not only the possibilities of success, but the dangers of failure. When the war with Spain began a great exposition was well under way, an exposition international in Its scope. Its promoters realized that war was likely to be detrimental to such ties, to bring together in one vast collection the material evidences of theft resources and to display their varied modes of life, their commerce and their art, is the mission of the first Greater America Colonial Exposition, which opens its gates at Omaha on July 1st. That it was possible to dd this in so short a time was due to tha fact that the beautiful grounds and magnificent buildings of the Trans- Mississippi Exposition were still intact and were secured for the new enterprise. The task of collecting representative people and exhibits from Cuba, Porto Rico, Hawaii and the Philippine Islands was made comparatively easy by government assistance and the results so far attained have surpassed even the expectations of the enthusiasts who inaugurated the great enterprise. The ordinary work of yeara has been compressed into a few short months. The officers of the army and other representatives of the government in the several islands have /->;^«I- ' ^ tlATJVE HOUSE IN PHILliPIMES] an enterprise and yet their work was steadily pushed forward to a successful conclusion and the world saw a nation strong and vigorous enough to wage a mighty war with an old world power and at the same time hold a grand exposition, typifying its great resources, its marvelous progress and its infinite possibilities. That same spirit of indomitable energy has made it possible to organize another grand exposition which shall exploit the possessions so recently acquired. The American people are eagerly discussing a most absorbing topic, and spared no efforts to assist in the collection of 1 exhibits which would exhaustively Illustrate each salient feature of each of our new possessions, and whole families of natives, representing almost every racial character-, istic of the inhabitants of these sea- washed lands, have been induced to travel to the land of Stars and Stripes, there to build their homes and villages for a brief time and to faithfully reproduce their daily life and customs. In the colonial exhibits building will be found the manufactures and products of Cuba, Porta Rico, Hawaii and CATiE .MILL in LUZOD " v * differ widely as to the solution of a great national problem. Imperialism and expansion rind earnest advocates and bitter opponents, and the future of the young nation depends largely upon a proper solution of this question. To meet a widespread demand for information, to bring special knowledge on a special subject to the American people, to illustrate and exploit the characteristics of the peoples who have recently found shelter beneath our flag, to show without prejudice or favor their capabilities and possibili- the Philippines. In the Government building the historical relics of the late war with Spain and the present war in the Philippines will prove of interest to all. In the Horticultural building, or Winter Garden, may be seen the trees, plants, fruits and flowers of tropic and sub-tropic lands, a splendid collection, the like of «which has never been surpassed at any exposition, and which presents a rich. Held of study to the lover of nature. Many of these rare plants and flowers are used in deco-i ting the grounds. CORDAGE FAGTORY-LUZQfi! The illustrations shown herewith give but a faint idea of a few of the colonial features of the exposition and but serve to foreshadow the wonderful results which have been achieved in securing a representative exhibit from our colonial possessions. ' The people of Hawaii are proud of the fact that they are a part of this great nation, and have made extensive preparations for an exhibit of their products and resources. There will also be a village of the native people, the former owners and rulers of these rich islands, in which native life and customs will be accurately reproduced. In all other departments the flrst Greater America Colonial Exposition bids fair to far surpass the great success scored last year by the Trans-Mis- The Enchanted Island at the Greater America Exposition in Omaha this

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