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THE UPPfiB DES MO1NES! ALGONA IOWA. WEDNESDAY JUNE 21, 1889 Poor clothes cannot make you look old. Even pale cheeks won't do it. Your household cares may be heavy and disappoint- .ments may be deep, but they cannot make you look old. One thing does it and never fails. It is Impossible to look young with the color of seventy years in your hair. *ABM AND &AEDEN, MATTERS OP INTEREST AGRICULTURISTS. TO Some tTp-to-Oato Hint* Abont C!nl- tlratlon at the Soil and Yield* Thereof—Horticulture, Viticulture and Floriculture. permanently postpones' the tell-tale signs of age. Used according to directions it gradually brings back the color of youth. At fifty your hair mny look as it did at fifteen. It thickens the hair also; stops it from falling out; and cleanses the scalp from dandruff. Shall we send you our book on the Hair and its Diseases?^ : " Tho Bast Advice Frea, It you do not obtain all the bnno- fits you expected from the use of tho vicar, write the doctor about It. Probably there, Is Borne difficulty with your neneral system which may be easily romoved. Address, DR. J. C. AVER, Lowell, Moss. •we How happy life would be could obliterate memory. Don't run up bills without your husband's knowledge. T]ie more a tnnn rises the more he 1ms to depeud on others to hold him up When everybody knows exactly how a thing should be done, it is never •done. A distent manner doesn't lend enchantment to one's views of friendship, It is surprising how many people tliere are in every town who violate •citv ordinances. Siam's crown prince is a student nt Harrow, Enplane!. He is popular with Jiis school fellows. A word to the wise may be sufficient, but the policemen often have to use a, club on tlie otherwise. Baroness Ilurdett-Coutts, wlio lias just celebrated her 84th birthday, has a fortune of 810,000,000. The SummerUatli for Health. The bath in summer Is not only a luxury, but a necessity for hunlth and beauty. To take it properly, till a tub with luko warm water, use Ivory soap, rub the flesh until it glows, rinse in Bool water, and dry on a soft towel. A dailv bath thus taken will keep the system in good condition during the warm weather. ELTZA R. PARKER. For a- while President McKinley smoked a briar pipe, but found it as injurious in its effects as cigars were. Hall's Catarrh Cur« Is a constitutional cure. Price, Too. Didmemhcrlnff th* Corn Plant. A good many experiments have been made to determine if anything could be gained by cutting off portions of the corn plant during growth. Sometimes it has been the roots, sometimes the part of the plant above the ears, and sometimes only the tassels* A part of the experiments have seemed to give fair results, but others have given decidedly bad results. A tftira class of experiments has been without result. It is probable that what little good was obtained was a mere accident, for the reason that two plats of corn will never yield exactly the same, even though all conditions are exactly identical. But the trials have proved that at least nothing is gained, and experience would seem to teach that there must be an actual loss. A generation, ago it was. the practice in some parts of the country to cut off the whole of the corn plant above the ears Immediately after the silk and the pollen were supposed to have done their work. The farmer thus got a great deal of fodder for his cattle, and imagined that his corn plant would elaborate the same weight of ears without the top as with it. No notice was taken of the fact that the foliage of a plant is needed for the elaboration of the grain of tho plant. It is probable that in most cases the yield of corn was greatly decreased by this practice. The custom without doubt remains to-day, especially in the Eastern states, where the fields are so small in area that the practice of thus robbing the corn crop can be carried on naturally and easily. Root-pruning is another method of dismembering the corn plant that has not proved of advantage. So far as we remember, no experiment at the stations has given results showing an advantage of any kind. In tests at the Illinois station root-pruning reduced the yield about 20 per cent. At the New York station root-pruning the corn crop reduced the yield more than nine bushels per acre in grain and more than 1,000 pounds In fodder. tihef M6 wrapped that they may not be affected by spraying, For the currant worm on currants and gooseberries, spray with arsenltes, preferably with Bordeaux Mixture with parlS green ndded, If the fruit is not too near maturity, in which case use pyrethrum. Sow Some Rap*. Many sheep breeders will find it advisable to grow rape for their flocks. The plant is coming more and more favorably into the notice of stockmen, particularly of sheepmen. A visit to the Wisconsin Experiment Station and an inspection of the farms of the surrounding country will not fail to convince one that rape is a good thing When properly grown and fed. It has the advantage that it can be grown at almost any time of the summer and prove valuable before frost comes. With a plant that has to ripen its seed or even its stalk before being usable there is the necessity of considering the length of the growing season. But rape, like the turnip, is not particular. Rape Is as easily grown as the turnip, being similar in nature. The fact that it is grown for the top and not for the root makes it available a few weeks after sowing. It will grow on any kind of soil that has fair treatment, and responds, quickly to good culture. It is best to sow it not all at one time, but so that a rotation may he obtained. American and European liar. We are in the habit of supposing that the same plant grown in different localities is still the same plant in all essential qualities. But that this is not the case is demonstrated in many things and In many ways. Grass seed produced in England and sown in this country may not in a single season produce a grass or hay differing very widely from the original, but if the process goes on for a number of years the differences begin to appear and establish themselves as qualities. It was probably in this way all kinds and vareties of plants have been produced in the lapse of ages, from a few primeval forms. Central and Northern Europe have a molster climate than has the United States, and this may have much to do in establishing certain habits in the plants. Certain it is that the hay produced in Europe contains less nitrogenous matter and more of the carbo-hydrates. There is also less cellulose in the American hay. Dogs and the Price of Mntton. There would seem, at first Bight, to be no connection between dogs and the price of mutton, but that there Is such a connection Is well known to every man that keeps sheep. In the Western states particularly sheep raising has been abandoned In many localities for the reason that so many big dogs were kept that eheep raising was rendered unprofitable. Were It not for dogs, sheep raising; would be common in even our most thickly populated farm sections. Every farmer and even every agricultural specialist would have a little bunch of sheep. This would greatly increase the supply of our sheep and would correspondingly reduce tho cost of mutton. The Increased price of mutton is the tax the people pay for keeping dogs. Many dog owners object to a dog tax, not realizing that the want of a dog tax is a still heavier tax on their own purses in their mutton bill for the year. Dog taxes should be made so heavy that people could afford to keep only valuable dogs. Make a Pond.—But few farms do not have a small stream which, if an earth dam was made, would furnish the necessary Ice for cooling milk and all other purposes needed, and would furnish sufficient water for stock to carry over the ordinary summer drouths. On a small stream, generally dry two or three months, there are five such dams within half a mile, furnishing all the ice needed on the farms through which it runs. Such ponds are ready for cutting early, there being but lit- Scientists say that were it not for our I'trnosphere the ocean would become boiling hot from the. sun's rays. IAte to a IittKjr Liver t Lazy, louden livers cause nine tenths of all deaths. aiveycmrllvorlirewlthCiuiciiirois Cnnrty Cathartic and cave your own life! All druggists, lOo. !i5c, 50c. The distribution of knowledge underlies all social reforms — Ward. I believe Piso's Cure is the only medicine that will cure consumption. — Anna M. Ross, WilliJuns_port,_Psi.,_Nov 1 12, "J5. . It lias been discovered that alcohol is among the byproducts which can be obtained from coke oven gases. Do Tour Feet A«he mid Burn? Shake into your slioes, Allen's Poot- i3n.se, a powder for tlio feet. It imikes tight or New Shoes feel Easy. Cures Corns, Bunions, Swollen, Hot and Sweating Feet. At all Druggists and Shoe Stores, 2iic. Sample sent FREE. Address Allen S. Olmsted, LeEoy, N. Y. __ Ian Maclarcn has traveled 11,000 miles in America, visited twenty-six states and lectured in fifty-eight cities. Mrs. Wliislow'B Bootnmg Syrup. For children teotlilng, noftons the guina, reduces in- OauuuiUlon, ulliiva uatn. euros wind colic. '£>c a buttle. The theorist is all right until it is time to make a practical demonstration. Oklahoma I Offers Opulent s Opportunities To those who desire new lands and homes ; also unsurpassed ctiaucea for industrial investments by capitalists and manufacturers. Its Farm Products imm include 25,000,000 bushels of wheat, MO.OCO t ales of cotton, and millions of dollars worth of other grains, fruits, etc. Send for free copy of pamphlet entitled "The Truth About Oklahoma." At stated times low rate HomeseeKers' Excursion tickets are sold via Santa Fe Route to Olilahgma. Address General Passenger Office, The Atchlaoii, T«pek» & Ssnta Fe kallw«y, CHICAGO. Cultivating Sngrar BoctB. In the early cultivation the ground should be stirred as deeply as possible. To accomplish this without covering the plants the ideal implement would be a cultivator with numerous long, hooked teeth, not more than an Inch wide, one which might be called a cross between a harrow and a cultivator. Such cultivators are now on the market. After the beets have become larger a cultivator with broader shovels may be used In order to cut the weeds more effectually, but deep working of the soil should be carefully avoided after It has become filled with the feeding roots of the crop. The after cultivation should consist in keeping the ground free of weeds and keeping the surface loose, both points being necessary to the preservation of the soil moisture. Fighting Fruit Inflects. From Farmers' Reveiw: There seems co be a general impression that the past hard winter has destroyed many of the insects destructive to vegetation, and that we will not bs troubled with them to the usual extent this season. How true this may be generally I am not prepared to say, but I find some leaf-eating insects very numerous on young apple trees in the orchards, and requiring immediate attention. Application of the Bordeaux Mixture, with paris green added, is recommended, but I would advise in addition to this, on trees one to three years planted, inspection of each tree and the removing by hand of such young insects as may be detected. Jarring the trees sharply will cauie some of them to fall to the ground, where they may be seen and destroyed. Among these is a large green worm that works on the leaves, and which I find very common this spring. Another Insect, sometimes very .Injurious to newly planted trees, is a large slate- colored beetle, nearly an inch In length, with a wicked-looking snout, which works at the base of the young shoots and sometimes strips young trees of all their foliage. If the trees are jarred the beetle will fall to the ground and "play possum." Jarring will also cause mapy of the canfeer worms to spin down by their Ipng threads, when they may be seen and Jellied. Leaf rollers may be found at the ends of the shoots, and should be removed and destroyed, as they are so well protected by the leaves in which tle current. All who had such ponds last winter were able to cut over once, getting in some cases nearly all they needed, while larger ponds furnished but little thin ice. One of the greatest troubles is that the bank is not made thick enough to withstand the effects of frost. The banks should be not less than six or eight feet broad on the top, and the sooner made and better packed by the tramping of the team, the better for their stability. No stone work is advisable, only for the overflow, and then to be well banked and packed to prevent the water from oozing through, which is the beginning of a leak.—The Homestead. ot 9he*J> In Andtrhllft A letter to Brftdstreet'S from Mel* bourhe. Australia, Bays: The terrible drought that during the last five years has devastated the central and western portions of South Wales is not yet broken. The losses are appalling, the number of sheep in the colony having fallen within the last seven yeafs from about 62,000,000 to about 40,000,000, the natural Increase also being lost, it will require several good years In succession to repair the damage. The districts principally affected have almost literally become a desert, large masses of sand shifting from point to point, according to the prevailing wind. Boundaries are In many cases obliterated; dams and tanks, constructed at great expense, are choked, ttp and frequently burled. The sheep and the rabbits, in their last extremity, have eaten the roots of nearly all the natural vegetation. Doubtless the climatic-influences will once more become favorable and for a few years resettlement will proceed. But the truth Is forcing itself upon the Judgment of capitalists Interested In squatting, that the climate of the central districts of Australia is loo precarious to justify outlay, and a great extent of country Is likely to be abandoned. But the wide coastal dls tricts 1 of the continent of Australia will, as they are Improved, more than make amends for the recession from an arid country that affords no encouragement for permanent settlement. Notwithstanding the losses of sheep in New South Wales, the total of the Australasian flocks shows a slight Increase as compared with ten years ago. At the close of 1888 the total was estimated at about 97,000,000, and three years later at about 124,500,000. It is now about 100,00,000. Owing to the effects of the drought the aggregate annual wool clip has fallen off. For the year 1894-95 (from July 1 to June 30) the total quantity shipped from tho Australasian colonies was 1,951,800 bales. Last season (1897-98) the total was 1,718,300 bales, and it Is estimated that for tho current season, to close June 30 next, the total will be 1,700,000 bales. A falling off ot four years in succession, especially In pure merino sheep, has, however, gradually relieved the consuming markets, which were somewhat congested with stock, and prices have been steadily rising of late. It is probable, therefore, that the net return to the Australasian sheep farmers this season will be £2,000,000 to £3,000,000 greater than last season, so that increased value will compensate for diminished quantity. The frozen-meat trade, an adjunct of the pastoral industry, has been well maintained, but when the drought Is thoroughly broken the demand for sheep for restocking purposes will adversely affect the Australian portion of the frozen-mutton trade for a time, the New Zealand portion continuing to progress. The export of frozen beef from Queensland is likely to Increase, tho herds numbering between 5,000,000 and 6,000,000 head of cattle and the colony containing only about 400,000 persons. Effect at fi*i>ftfcftiAri. Ffttitrh! He lifts tlic map ol Irolhnd on liis face!" "Well, you can hardly expect him to.hafe"the map of the United States on bis face the way we'va been expanding!" Conglilng l>!tdn t" Conantnptlon. Kemp's Balsam will stop tlie cough at once. Go. to your druggist to-day and get a sample tiottle free. Sold in 25 and 50 cent bottles. Go at oncej delays are dangerous. Gentleman (entertnir) — "Do yon work here, boy?'' Office boy—"Only When the boss Is looking." Sunte Coo's UotiRh If tho oldest MA host. Itwlll break tip ft cold quicker tliuu anything clue. It U always reliable. Try It. lit JeUnore, Knn., every house is occupied by its owner. The population of the plnco is 3r>0. WANTED-Cnsc of Imrt licnlth thnt Tl-1 P-A-K-8 will not uenitflt. Bend 5 cents t<> Klnnnd Chomlual Co.. Sow York.for 10 snmnlnii nnd^.000 testimonial. Coi'sefcs made, of iiiumlnuin are now used by meilleal men for the treatment of spinal disorders. Wo Pay SI 8 n Week and Expenses to men with rl«« to Introduce our I'miltry CinnpoW Address with stomp, .IttvelleJltoC^, ramons, U A baby in the house is a wellspring of pleasure. A Few Timely Polntorft. Tho up-to-date farmer has learned the wisdom of doing his own thinking, and in selecting a binder or mower to weigh carefully the actual points of superiority and to avoid mere "talking" or "selling" points. The "life 1 of a machine depends largely on Its I main frame, which should be solid enough to outwear the working parts and yet not heavy enough to tear itself to pieces through its own Inertia, The Deerlng Ideal Binder has a high- carbon steel frame, hot-riveted at the joints. This machine has stood the most severe tests ever put on a binder. It has a cutting appartus that will cut any crop that grows; elevators that will elevate anything it cuts; a simple reel with greater range of adjustment than airy other, operated with a single lever; the famous Eeering Knotter and Binder which never misses; the only bundle carrier worthy of the name, and finally Deerlng Roller and Ball Bearings, making it the lightest draft binder that ever cut a swath. Timeheiils all wounds. Money is also si goodjlioehjij M. Delcasso, French minister of foreign affairs, can speak all of the modern Kuropenn lanpunges. TO lift*. PINKHAU » "One year ago last June three doctors gave me tip to die, and as I had at different titties tased your Vegetable Oomnound With good results, I had tot» touch faith in it to die until I had tried it again. I was apparently att invalid, was confined to my bed for ten weeks, (I believe my trouble was tileeratkra of womb). , "After taking fottf bottles of th* Compound and using some of the Uvtt Pills and Sanative Wash, at the end of two months I had greatly improved and Weighed 155 pounds, when I never before weighed over 138. Lyttta B. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound is the best medicine I ever used, and I recommend it to all my friends."—Mfts. As*A. EVA OCNTEB, HIOGINBVH.LE, Mo." Mrs. Barnhart Enjoy* Lite Once More. ,. " DKAB Mus. PINKCAM—I had been sick ever since my marriage, seven years ago; have given birth to four children, and had two miscarriages. I had falling of womb, leucorrhcea, pains in back and legs; dyspepsia and a nervous trembling of tho stomach. Now I have none o" these troubles and can enjoy my life. Your medicine has worked wonders for me."—MBS. &• BABNUABT. NEW CASTLE. PA, Top Grafting to Insure Fruitage.— Often isolated fruit trees do not bear for want of proper pollination. Top grafting it with scions, cut from good, healthy, bearing trees, will doubtless bring it into bearing. Do the work about the last week in March. Use common grafting wax, put it in a tin cup and hang it over a lantern to keep the wax warm enough to work nicely and use it freely. We prefer the side graft; use a good knife and prepare sleeps in her ignorance and poverty, scion wedge shape. Then make an incision on upper Bide of the limb, insert the scion nicely and wax freely. The scion should be cut with two buds and top slightly waxed. In June the limb should be cut. above the graft in your tree. We would insert from twenty to thirty grafts next spring and put in more the following spring.—Ex. Sowing Tree Seeds.—Birch, pine, larch and spruce seed should be sown either in drills or broadcast in beds the latter part of April. Bed should be raised a trifle and soil raked fine and level before planting. It is very essential that the seedlings receive partial shade the first year or two, which may he given by placing some brush on top of a framework of poles. The seed of the locust is planted In drills, in the spring, in any good soil. It is scalded before planting, and as seeds swell they are removed and operation repeated until all react. Locust seedlings grow very rapidly. Locust beans w!ll not do very well in such a location, especially if ground Is heavy or poorly drained. The added danger from frost v/ould also be an objection.—Farm, Stock and Home. Phosphoric acid, one of the essential fertilizing ingredients, is derived from materials called phosphates. It does not exist alone, but in combination, most commonly as phosphate of lime In the form of bones, rock phosphate, and phosphatic slag. Phosphoric acid occurs to fertilizers in three forms— BJluble, reverted, and insoluble phosphoric acid. Nitrates furnish the most readily available forms of nitrogen. The most common are nitrate of soda and nitrate of potash (saltpeter). Sheep Losses on the Ranges.—Some of the stock journals arc publishing harrowing tales of sheep losses on the range. While it is true that a few sections suffered some heavy losses, the range flockmasters as a whole report very light losses indeed. Some of the statements made are BO grossly exaggerated as to merit no attention whatever. Most of the range wool growers have been taught by bitter experience what it costs to enter the winter season unprepared. Intelligent flockmasters are now laying in a sufficient supply of hay to meet any and all contingencies. —American Sheep Breeder. Go to your grocer to-day and get a 150. package of Grain- 1 It takes the place of coffee at i the cost. Made from pure grains it is nourishing and healthful. Insist that your (rrooer gives you GBA1N-O. Aou&pt no imitation. STUDY LAW At tilt) lown College of Ijttw. ThOr- ^fr ouglicourM) of two years with degree nna admission to practice. Kxpoiises very low. Six regular Instructors. For catalogue iiddross, ,, catalogue address, } P, S. McNUTT, Secretary, Des Molnes, Iowa. olThompson'* Eyo Wator Whiskers Dyed A Natural Black hy > Buckingham's Dye. Price 60 cents of all druggists or 11.1'. Hall & Co,, Nashua, N. II. . _,3cutes Claims. dlnerU.S. Pension Bureau. I Militating clattHH, atty Bliice. WHEAT WHEAT WHEAT "Nothing but wheat; what you might call a sea of wheat," is what was Bald by a lecturer speaking of Western Canada. For particulars as to routes, railway fares, etc., apply to Superintendent of Immigration, Department Interior, Ottawa Canada, or to N. Bartholomew, 308 Fifth Street. Des Moines. Iowa. VCueo Answering Advertisements Kindly Mention This Paper. W. N. U., Des Molnes, No. 25.—1«99 Potash, as a constitutent of fertilizers, exists in a number of forms, but chiefly as chlorid of muriate and as sulphate. All forms are freely soluble in water and are believed to be nearly, if not quite, equally available, but it has been found that the chlorids may injuriously affect the quality of tobacco, potatoes, and certain other crops. The chief sources of potash are the potash salts from Stassfurt, Germany—Kainit, sylvinit, muriate of potash, sulphate of soda, and sulphate of potash and magnesia. Wood ashes and cotton-hull ashes are also sources of potash. DO YOU WANT TO BUY At Wholesale Prices? Theii send for Free Catalogue and Terms. _ ATCHISON, v»«»«*«*«»*v<r«v^ I ORDERS POUR IN FOR DEERINQ I | Thinning Orchard Fruits.—Whether or not it pays to thin the fruit of an orchard, everyone agrees that with a few trees it is advaut&goous to thin asj overburdened crop dcwn to a reasonable number of choice fruits. In an experiment reported by the department of agriculture, thinning was found to increase the total yield and to decrease rot. The thinning was practiced with apples, peaches and plums, early thinning giving the most practical results. It was concluded that it pays best to commence work of this kind immediately after the fruit has set. Bacillus (plural, Bacilli) Is a pr kind, of Bacterium. The Ives Grape.—Sylvester Johnson of Indiana says that the Ives grape is one of the best, as it will always bear. It is not yet popular, but one reason for that is that it turns black long before it is ripe and people begin to eat it too soon, thinking it ripe. Let it hang for three weeks after it gets black and it will be found to be a ve;-y good grape for eating. Exclude Foreign Insects.—Massachusetts has appropriated this year over $200,000 for fighting the gypsy moth. And still the government neglects the simple and inexpensive stops necessary to exclude any new pests which are liable to secure a foothold at any time through the importations of plants or trees. Remove the milk of every caw once to a clean, dry roonj, air is P«re aM swaet. I "LIGHT DRAFT IDEALS" FROM ALL POINTS OF THE GLOBE. • Tlio luMrost single factory of any kind in America Is runnine day and night to supply , , tho demand. , „ . < • There is no important grain-growing country in the world where Bccrlag Harvest- , , o lug: MuvhluGN are not, in use. , , , . < > Tlie machines that have a reputation for ateudy, reliable work, hfc'ut draft end great , , durability are everywhorn seiuKlit after. Buorinf,' pionoored and popularized roller nnd bnll bearings in Dinners ana mowers. Dooring machines are built to meet tho practical nueds of the harvest. They ure the kind that don't get out of order. They are easy on horseflesh. That's why the nations of the earth unite in endorsing Jleerlug luucliiucs. <; DEERING HARVESTER CO., Chicago, U. S. A* ; "A FAIR FACE MAY rROVE A FOUL BAR* GAIN." MARRY A PLAIN GIRL IF SHE USES SAPOLLO_ GREAT BARGAINS Bicyeles for Women Ladles' Columbia Bevel-Gear Cliainless, MODEL 51. 1898 Price $125, Reduced to LADIES' COLUMBIA CHAIN, WIODEt 46. Price $75- Reduced to $42.50. These machines are Columbius of the highest grade throughout and be&r the Columbia guarantee. They are not shop-worn wheels carried over iro«» lust year, but uro of 1800 mauufacture. • Coinptire them part for part with other bicycles and you will liacl good reasons fpr ,tl»e admitted superiority of Columbia quujity. The stock of these j»Q4$$> «!•, jl'l,'