The Saint Paul Globe from Saint Paul, Minnesota on December 20, 1885 · Page 11
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The Saint Paul Globe from Saint Paul, Minnesota · Page 11

Saint Paul, Minnesota
Issue Date:
Sunday, December 20, 1885
Page 11
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FROM SHOP AND MILL. Practical . Suggestions Prom a Laboring Man on the Position Taken by Alderman Johnson. Eev. J. L. Scndder Thinks His Critic of Last Week Was Inclined to be Hot. Interviews With Several Prominent Laboring Men on the Eight- Hour Question. Trades and Labor Assembly Proceediligs—Xnmerous Discussions of Pertinent Topics. __ ] PRACTICAL. SUGGESTIONS On Pertinent Points—Aid. Johnsots's Position Analyzed. To the Editor Of the Globe: Your paper of the 12th inst. reported Aid. Johnson as having .said "that the Sight-hour resolution (ii adopted, 1 suppose he meant) would prow an injustice to the taxpayers and, in his opinion, the question is something outside the province of the council." 1 wonder if he was in earnest or only "funnin"."' lean hardly convince myself that a legal luminary, an embryotic statesman, one who has had time to study and had the benefit of a good mental training, could give utterance to such twaddle. Who are the taxpayers anyway? Is it not a fact that every prudent and successful business man figures rent, gas, clerk hire, interest on capital invested, pay for his own services as director or manager, a sinking fund for contingencies, insurance, advertising, taxes and profit on his goods when making the selling price? Are not the wage-slaves the largest consumers of commodities which are necessary to sustain life? Therefore are they not the largest tsixpavers and as taxpayers would it be an injustice for them to say to the city employes eight hours is enough for a "day's work for you? Emphatically no. It is not outside the province of the council to say what the hours of labor of its employes shall be any more than it is outside their province to say how inanv dollars they should receive for ten hours' work. It is not a difficult question for one to understand who thinks more of man than money. *_* The council committee, who had under consideration the motion of Aid. Gibson, reported substantially that, while they were in sympathy with the objects of the motion, they thought its introduction or its establishment at the present time inexpedient. I deny that it. is inexpedient, &.ny measure which is conducive to happiness is expedient and should be introduced md enforced at once. The city can well ifford to shorten the hours of labor for its jmployes, as it affords them time to improve "themselves mentally, thereby making them better citizens. It would be a great boon for more than the city employes, as it would enable them to do their buying earlier than usual and thereby give the overworked clerk a chance to get off an hour or two earlier. It would be a good example for other employers. It would give leisure for reading, reflection, recreation and rest. It would bring happiness and a measure of contentment to them, lngersoll said, "Now is the time and this is the place to be happy." So please, Mr. Aldermen, give us a small instalment for a Christmas present. V Our philosophers are somewhat to blame for the action of the committee, as one of them said that "the assembly was somewhat in doubt as to the legality of the eight-hour system." Why should it be doubted? A little reflection would have shown that the council have as much right to reduce the hours of work of its employes as to increase the salary of its officers, which they have done several times. Another of our philosophers, one who is generally very clear-headed, said, in conversation with me on this matter a day or two since, that if workingmen wanted to shorten their hours of toil they would only need to refuse to work longer than they desired. In the first place, in order to attain sufficient unanimity for such an action a thorough system of agitation, organization and education is necessary. In the second place, the workers would have to lay up sufficient to maintain themselves and families for three or four months at least, which is almost impossible at present rate of wages. My philosophical friend holds that ''employers have no right to regulate wages or the hours of labor." With that I agree, because if we concede their rights to regulate wages and hours of labor we admit their right to the exclusive own ership of the means of life, and that means serfdom for the toilers. Admitting that we have right on our side, would it not be foolish on our part to refuse to take a small installmant of justice in the shape of shorter hours? To receive that, to ask for it, would not sanction the devilish competitive system. I hope our philosophers will not be so fast next time when Aid. Gibson's notion comes up. P. W. B. Minneapolis, Dec. 19. H2K. SCI[JI>UEK KEPLIKS To a Criticism Wliic2i lie Says Was Hardly Fair to Himself. To the Editor of the Globe: Minneapolis, Minn.. Dec. 17. — Someone lias very kindly sent me a copy of the Globe issued Dec. IS, in which I tind a lengthy criticism upon my fifth lecture on Labor and Capital, together with several editorial allusions to the same. However I may differ with some of the workingmen upon labor reforms, I am glad to sec that they attribute the proper motives to my endeavors to handle some of these problems which are now agitating the world. It was my persona! contact with laboring men and sympathy with them in their trials and struggles that led me to introduce these themes into the pulpit and show that the church I was interested in them as a class. After reading the communication referred to, I am of the opinion that brother T. W. B. was unusually hot when he wrote the same and allowed himself to go farther than he would had lie been in a calmer frame of mind. Of course it would be impossible ' for me to Hatter the laborer all the way through a systematic course of lectures such as 1 am giving. Laborers are not all angels, and hear and there I shall bear down heavily upon their weaknesses, just as I do upon the cruelties and meanness of certain capitalists. "When a man talks to laboring men as a class, and tells them that intemperance is one of their great follies and is dragging them down, his statement is a fact, and every workingman knows it, T. W. B. notwithstanding. I know as well as my critic, who presumes to have digested the science of political economy, and wants to give me a few lessons, that intemperance is an effect of poverty, and in the right place I shall dwell upon that phase of "the subject, but 1 know he knows as well that intemperance is also a / PBODIGIOUS CAUSE OF rOVERTY, makes a man an inferior workman and tends, in the long run. to reduce his wages or make him lose his place. There are two Bides to this subject lam frank enough to say both of us are right; bat he is so worked np over the lecture that he thinks he only is right and 1 am wrong. 1 said j tint it every laboring man, who drank only ■ two glasses of lager a day, would lay aside his two nickels systematically, he would have several thousands of dollars by the j time his hair tamed gray. Why don't T. j W. B. disprove such common-sense state- \ nentsand good advice, instead of rushing i oft" on tangents irrelevant to the subject of j the lecture. Under the head of improvidence your i correspondent airain becomes wild and se- ■ loots an extreme ease, where a laborer gets j from 85 cents to 5t. 25 a day, and asks very funnily how such a man can be improvi- j dent? I was speaking especially of the higher forms of labor, such, for example. «s skilled mechanics, who of conrse had the power to spend their money, where they might save it if they would. The entire lecture did not apply to the man working I upon a railroad construction or grading ; a street. T. W. B. must remember ! that there are several kinds of laborers ■ and wages that range from SI to S5. I For the man who gets only 85 cents a day I \ have something to say in my next lecture ; on Labor and Legislation to be delivered Sunday evening. Dec. 20. As T. W. B. ! was so much displeased with the last lecture, and probably will not attend any more, let me say that the remedy I advocate for the 85 cent laborer is sitting down hard on pauper immigration and convict labor that conflicts with the honest laboring num. The only way to permanently raise wages is to limit the supply of laborers. When two bosses are after the same laborer his wages will be high; when two laborers are after the same boss their wages will be low. What I said about incompetence and indolence, taken in their connections, is true. When twisted and perverted they may of course be made to appear ridiculous. I have no further time to devote to this criticism nor the space. I close with one remark, why did not T. \V. B. have something to say about the immense power of labor combinations, to which I devoted much time, and co-operation, which I regard with so much favor and hope for the future. I enjoy criticism, but I want it to be fair. I like to talk to laboring men on these subjects and never lose an opportunity of doing so. It was rot my lecture that T. W. B. handled "without gloves:" nine rounds out of ten he was pummelinga "man of straw." John L. Scuddeb. PKISOX KEIOIt.II. A Point Overlooked in the Construction ok' the Brofkwaj' System. To the Editor of the Globe: There are two requisites in connection with this system. First, that the terms of the sentence positively require the reimbursement of the damage done by the crime of the prisoner in all the points that bear on it, directly or indirectly, with no chance of release prior to full payment, and with the further understanding that the prisoner shall be then released, if thought lit to be. Second, that in the event of his being not fit to be released at that time, he shall serve until he has demonstrated his fitness. The first may and should be definite. The second ought not to be. And the point to be guarded against in the practice of the second qualification is the possibility of any man or number of men abusing the privilege granted them to exercise judgment over prisoners. A possible safeguard would be the fixing of certain standard points of reformation to be subject to inspection by citizens, appointed by the people for that 'purpose, who are publicly known to be disinterested parties. No individual is fit to be trusted with the exercise of too much authority over even the offenders against law and decency, not even a Brockway. It is safe to say. however, that the Brockway system is a fair one, and can be made effective with the necessary improvements, but these improvements must be attached or the system fails and would result in an injury in some respects. It would be well for men who advocate this system to see and consider these points in becoming the champion of prison reform. It is not enough to know one side of the question; we must know both sides before we can establish right, and right is what we are after. Even prisoners have rights. VINIUS. kailboaus. Wagres Paid to H'orkinemen by These Corporations. To the Editor of the Globe: A matter that claims the attention of the people, and especially the workingmen of this city, is the wages paid to laborers by the incoming railroads. Since the 17th of this month the wages of those men have been reduced from 81.25 to SI per day, a scale of wages that no man can live on as becomes a man, and while the company is thus enjoying the benefits of lauds tendered them by the city in their enterprise, they take advantage of the state of affairs to oppress the bone and sinew of it. There can be no just exception raised to the idea of bringing as many railroads to our limits as may be directed here, but there are many exceptions to be taken to any enterprise that forgets the rights of the men on whom it must depend for its advancement. Closing up the river, as is being done by this new corporation in question, is not the only wrong being perpetrated by them, nor the only one that should be reprimanded. JNo fair-minded man will claim for a single moment that a dollar a day is enough for a laboring man in any line, nor is it just for any corporation to take advantage of circumstances to crush men that happen to be subject to it. The prosperity of this city does not depend alone on the management of railroads, nor their entrance to the city, much less the success of men alone who have the management of them, or the contract to build them, but on the success of the entire community, and these matters will not be overlooked by the friends of labor, and the scale shall not be left untipped in the reckoning. It is well for the city fathers to have an eye on the enterprise, and cc that the rights of labor are not forgotten in the summing up. The city council owes a duty to the wellbeing of these men that cannot be overlooked, nor will it be well to forget it. Nor is the mayor up to the mark in the matter of ignoring these things. The Trades and Labor assembly has this matter in hand, and will wave the haud of chastisement over the disobedient and' the unruly. Many of the people in this city are aroused on this point, and these lines are written as a request from them. Let justice be done. A Knigiit of Labor. "GO-OPERATION.') What the Word Beau and What it Will Do. To the Editor of the Globe: Co-operation proposes that in all new combinations of labor-lender and capitallender, the producer of profits shall be distributed in agreed proportion over all engaged in creating profits. Co-operation means concert for the diffusion of wealth. It leaves nobody out who helps to produce it. Those who do not know this do not understand co-operation; those who do know it and do not mean it are traitors to the principle; those who mean it and do not take steps to secure it or are silent when others evade it, or do not advocate it and insist on it openly as the impassable principle of industrial justice, are unseeing or silly or weak or cowardly. It is thus that co-operation supplements political economy by organizing the distribution of wealth in the near future. It touches no man's fortune; it seeks no plunder; .it causes no disturbance in society; it gives no trouble to statesmen: it enters into no secret organizations; it needs no Trades union to protect its interest; it contemplates no violence; it subverts no order; it envies no dignity; accepts no gift nor asks any favor; it keeps no terms with the idle and it will break no faith with the industrious; it is neither mendicant, servile nor offensive; it has its hand in the man's pocket aud does not mean that any hands shall remain long or comfortably in its own; it means self-help, self-dependence and such share of the common competence as labor can earn or thought can win. And this it intends to have, but by means which shall leave every other person an equal diance for the same good. . R. S. TRADES AND LABOR. What the Tlinueapoliß Assembly is I*oins--1 To-.\ight. At the meeting of the Trades and Labor assembly Friday night the attendance was onnsoaUy large, in addition to the delegates, there being quite a number of spectators present Afier the disposition of routine business a brief discussion was had of the Mrs. Kyan case, and a new committee was appointed to ascertain the exact truth concerning the alleged brutality of the landlord's agent, who is said to have taken all the windows and doors out of her house while she was lying on a sick-bed. Reports of committees'on boycotting were heard, and it was finally moved to "•post" thetfifferent articles and the firms selling tbtem. As this was- considered a very serious step action was postponed, and the matter was made the special order of business for the next regular meeting, m order that it maybe given a thorough consideration. A number of employes from the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul car shops asked the aid of the assembly in their behalf. They reported that in the blacksmith shop the smoke from twenty-five fires and two furnaces is allowed to fill the room, the only possible escape for it being through one ventilator with closed shutters in the roof. There are no chimneys, and, as there is no current of air. the smoke settles down unaa tha .»■.«. ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 20, 1885— SIXTEEN PAGES." choking them almost to suffocation, as the cold weather makes it necessary to close all the doors and windows. In order to breathe men are sometimes forced to open the windows, and tne result is that many are at all times during the winter laid off with severe colds. Severe cases of sickness result, and in some instances deaths have been occasioned. Appeals to the railroad company have thus far been overlooked, and the assembly was asked to endeavor to have the difficulty remedied. This statement arroused no little indignation, and a committee was forthwith appointed to look into the matter, with instructions to ask the railroad officials to provide some method of ventilation, and. in case of refusal, to apply to the city health authorities. The assembly here went into executive session, at which important matters were considered. It was decided to hold a special meeting this evening. MPfijj SIIKNEAPOMS RED-HOTS. That "saving : clause" in the stone-arch bridge looks as though it was put there for a certain purpose. The future may tell the story. . Many seem to think that Aid. Lawrence's rest'xiition was to abolish the contract system entirely. Oh. no. It only affects sewer ; building. This is better than nothing, and will give the "friends of the taxpayer" an opportunity to find out whether sewers cannot be built at less cost by days' work than by contract. i *** There are a good many conscientious men who haven't any "finger in the pie" who think that the abolition of the contract system means thousands of dollars throvn away. Well, it doesn't. *** The contractors have been in the habit of making a little something, and when they are done away with their profits will go to the city. With the proper safeguards it would seem as if the business could be run honestly and economically without the contractors. *V* Suppose it costs the city more, what then? Why only some workingmen will have received a little better pay and will be in better shape to build their homes and keep from asking assistance from the superintendent of the poor. That's about the amount of the injury to the taxpayers. *** Provided, of course, the politicians and officeholders can be kept from stealing. Here is an important point which it is uni'ortunatelv necessary to consider. But will there be any more "opportunities to be improved" when the work will be scattered in different directions and when the money will be distributed among so many? *** At all events there can hardly be any more deplorable condition of affairs than to have men working on the streets of the "twin cities of the golden Northwest" for less than 51 a day. *** The saying that corporations have no souls seems to apply very well to a certain railroad company which smokes its men at the car shops like so many hams and then docks their pay because they get sic&. . It's rather hard to believe that this heartlessness comes from anything else than carelessness. It's very natural that the railroad managers, seated in cosy offices in Milwaukee, shouldn't remember anything about a lot of poor devils of workingmen in the company's blacksmith shop at Minneapolis — all very natural, but it isn't creditable or sagacious, to say the least. Let us hope that something will be done. MnSEAPOMS MILLERS. All possible precautions are being taken against tire at the Pillsbury A mill. Automatic fire sprinklers are being put in. a mercurial alarm system is being introduced; 500 galvanized paiJs, each tilled with water and placed on a bracket, have been distributed through the mill, and 110 more iv the elevators, branhouse, machine shops, etc. The Anchor mill has put in a standpipe running from the basement to the roof with fifty feet of hose for each floor. The Cataract mill is supplied with sprinkles, and the Humboldt mill has covered the roof of its attic with sheet-iron. The stage of water in the canal has improved considerably, and fifteen mills have been running, with a total capacity of 20,---000 barrels daily during the week. The flour market remains dull, but the shipments have increased somewhat, there being a better demand at former prices. Indications are that most of these mills will continue running until New Year's, r.lolm Dodge, W. H. Dnnwoodv. J. I. Guard and Ed Richards of the Washburn mills on Monday returned from a deer-hunting expedition in Wisconsin. J. B. Duff's coat caught in the gearing at the Cataract mill Thursday and he got a painful squeezing before he was extricated. S. F. Madden, for some time employed at the Standard mill, has gone to take charge of Parson <& Nicols' mill at Dawson. The interior of the attic of the Humboldt mill, where the recent fire occurred, has been covered with sheet-iron. The new storehouse of C. A. Pillsbury & Co., with a capacity of 100,000 barrels, is completed. The three-hnndrert-horse-power Wright- Corliss engine at the Crown Roller mill is ready for use. Nat Zeros got a fall from a purifier at the Cataract mill and received a severe scalp wound. George Rush, formerly of Stoughton, Wis., succeeds W. B. Gordon in the Dakota mill. J. A. Copps of the Washburn A, is recovering from an attack of pneumonia. Fifteen new dust-collectors have been placed in the Pillsbury A mill. The Pettit mill shut down Saturday evening. MINNEAPOLIS COOPERS. There was a slightly larger business done by the Minneapolis shops last week, yet it was very light. This week the mills are running quite well and the sales of barrels will be pushed upward to much more respectable figures. The shops, however, are inclined to run lighter, the storage tilled being quite large. Barrel stock continues lifeless, no one caring to buy under the present circumstances. Two large mills have lately changed from the use of elm to onk barrels, and predictions are made that others will be forced to adopt the same course. This cannot fail to exert a certain influence on the market. Although there probably never were so many hoops and poles piled up in Minneapolis as now, dealers continue to come around and in order to dispose of their poles are forced to sacrifice prices. — Northwestern Miller. O. E. Dußois, manager of the Hennepin shop, is seriously ill from an attack of the hiccoughs, which has finally caused convulsions of the stomach, preventing the retention of food. At last accounts he was confined to his bed and was very weak. His condition is considered alarming. Louis Sees, who issued a challenge for a barrel-making contest, has not accepted any of the otfers made to take up his proposition. Henry Schlink of the Phoenix shop is the latest candidate who doubts Mr. Sees' ability to make more barrels in a certain time than himself. At the annual meeting of the Northwestern Barrel company, held Tuesday, the old officers were re-elected: President, A. J. Palmer, secretary, Thomas Flannery; treasurer. Oden Dahl; directors, Peter Weiss, Henry Schmutz and Levi Thomas. A dust box in the machine room at the Hail & Dann shop caught fire last Tuesday. The flames were readily extinguished, but the heavy volumes of smoke created considerable alarm and caused a stampede among the employes. L. T. Keene and Lawrence Keene have sold out their stock in the North Star Barrel company and are going South with the intention of locating if a favorable opportunity presents itself. BE9 Henry Drussel, late of the Stevens shop, has gone to Clayton City, la., where he will engage in the hoop-pole business. The Sixth street shop was shut down the first three days of the week on account of defective steam pipes. The three Pillsbury mills are now using all oak barrels, and require about thirty thousand weekly. .Tniina Vines «nd R. V TTaniiltnn «vf *»,« Phoenix Barrel company are working at St. Pstul. The Minnesota shop was closed down last week but will run this week, it is expected. A. G. Emmons of the Hall & Dunn shop expects to remove to Kansas shortly. The new structuro for the Northwestern shop is about completed. The North Star shop run four days of the week. The Hennepin shop run last week on a stint Minneapolis Labor Notes. Articles were filed Friday night with the register of deeds incorporating the Bricklayeis' Mutual Benefit association, which provide for the payment to the family of deceased members of a sum which shall be made up by assessing surviving members not over 51. 50. In case of disability or sickness $5 per week will be paid for the first thirteen weeks and 52.50 during the succeeding thirteen weeks. Any one under 50 yeais of age who has for six months been a member in good standing of the Bricklayers' International Union. No. 2. at Minneapolis, is eligible to membership. The yearly dues are not to exceed 84. The officers to serve until the first annual meeting are: President, John Wright; vice president, O. M. Olson; recording and corresponding secretary, H. W. Nejson; financial secretary. J. F. Wright; treasurer, A. B. Cosner; trustees, H. M. Bengers, S. F. Leudman, C. L. Batchelder. The city engineer has prepared the contract with Ring & Tobin for furnishing and setting the stone of the substructure of the stone-arch bridge, and a bond in the sum of 25 per cent, of the contract price is pronounced acceptable. Accordiug to the proposal the aggregated price or cost of the work contracted fox will be $78,070, and the stone to be used will be taken from the Mankato quarries. The contractors have arranged to have the stone dressed in the Omaha yards, and work will begin on Monday. One of the most successful meetings ever held in Minneapolis in the interest of the cause of labor was held at Harrison hall Monday night. The room was completely filled, and the utmost enthusiasm prevailed. Addresses were made by Rev. J. L. Scudder, Rev. David Morgan, Aid. Swenson, Aid. Gibson, ex-Mayor Ames, R. H. Shadrick, J. P. McGaughey and John Swift. The meeting was called to demand the abolition of the contract system, and ringing resolutions to that eifect were passed. The Stonecutters' union Tuesday evening elected the following officers to serve for the ensuing year: S. McCarthy president, W, Christy vice president. Peter Holscher financial secretary, James Myers corresponding secretary, R. McGrindle treasurer, F. Parjet sergeant-at-arms, J. Reid, W. Won, P. Doulevan finance committee. The Master Plumbers' associaton is kicking against the proposed plumblers' ordinance which requires all cesspools to be water tight and made either of brick or stone. The requirement that all jobs shall be reported to the building inspector is also objected to, as it will take one man's time from each shop to wait upon the inspector. Recently a workman employed on the Spear tenements in Southeast Minneapolis fell from a step-ladder and broke his arm. As he has a family of six children dependont on him for support, the case is a peculiarly sad one. His name could not be learned. John W. Stanchfield, a contractor, was arraigned in the municipal court Thursday for assaulting an employe named Donohue for using insulting language. Mr. Stanchfield deposited §5 with the clerk and the case was settled. The co-operative store started up the first of the week at the corner of Fifteenth avenue and Seventh street south, and is already doing a rushing business. A dolivery wagon has been added. Rev. J. L. Scudder will lecture this evening at the First Congregational church upon Labor and Legislation; What the Government can do for the Workingmen. Last Monday one of the workmen on the St. Paul & Northern Pacific bridge was struck in the eye by a red-hot rivet, entirely destroying its sight. A special meeting of the Trades and Labor assembly will be held this evening. OPINIONS On the Eiebt-Hour Question by Wor kins' men. The following interviews on eight-hour law, obtained from prominent workingmen, will be read with interest in view of the discussion of this topic here and in other cities: James L. Morrow — It is perhaps unnecessary for me to repeat that I am most decidedly of the opinion that the eight-hour rule is an absolute necessity, and the only true solution of the labor problem. Manufacturers have introduced machinery to such an extent that they are able to dispense with a large portion of tlieir help, and have supplied their places in many instances with boys and girls. The eight-hour rule would make room for these idle men, and the boys and girls could be taken from the factories and workshops and sent to school. And aside from all this, a workiugman should have time for recreation and study, in order that he may tit himself for the duties of life and citizenship. J. Gilbert— One of the greatest benefits that would accrue to the workinuuien would be that the eight-hour rule would result in furnishing employment to about one- fifth more men. Then, of course, it would give them a little time for self-improvement J. A. — Certainly, I am in favor of the eight-hour rule. It is one .of the planks in the platform of the Knights of Labor, and its benefits are numerous. Owing to the liberal introduction of machinery, it is absolutely necessary to lessen the hours of labor in order that the workingmen may earn enough to keep soul and body together. In our own trade (carpenters'), for instance, all the material ■ for inside finishing, which was formerly made by hand, is now manufactured by machinery. and there are more carpenters in the country to-day than ever before. And again, I believe that mechanics should derive some benefit from their own inventions, while as yet they have only been injured rather than benefited. The primary object of machinery is to save labor and in order for workingmen to reap any benefits from labor-saving machinery, it is necessary to reduce the hours of labor to furnish employment to the vast army of men that has been displaced by such machinery. It would also give the workingman time to educate himself and attend to the social duties of iife. In order to accomplish this it is my opinion that it will be necessary to educate the masses up to it. G. A. Lafayette — The adoption of the eight-hour idea will be a decided benefit to the laboring men of this country. The interests of the business man will be enhanced, from the fact that a healthy industrial condition always means good times for him. Men will not ask for more in justice than they earn. An hour is an hour and ought to receive the same rate of pay. The accomplishment of this end does not admit of an increase in the pound and the 1 length of the yardstick to retain the patronage. Its solution is in shortening the hours of toil regardless of wages, a3 wages are a thing that will regulate themselves under the laws of supply and demand, and a healthy condition will follow in all industrial pursuits in consequence. Peter Lehonz — While I would like to see the change, I am bound to predict ; failure in May. They are commencing too soon. The great majority of working men are not educated up to it yet. D. Mortimer — I am heartily in favor of the movement, though it might be well to get an eight-hour standard first. The ninehuur rule has been a great blessing to the laboring classes of England. - J. F. Oronin — I think it a very desirable thing and a movement that is bound to succeed some day. It will come about through agitation and mutual agreement between employer and laborer and will be local at first Robert Newell— \7e must be true, j lawabiding citizens in this movement, using only peaceable means and fighting our battles with ideas ', and hard sense. - One of i its benefits ' will be the , employment j given "to . surplus labor. Of course we j can't expect ten hours' pay, far eight hours', , work. It is likely that a 'general attempt will be made in the spring, though if /■. we mmm >i>» atmio aiwmirli tn slilTOtnd. it Will SACKETT & WIGGINS' MAMMOTH Museum, Menagerie and Theatorum \£m TO 96 EAST SEVENTH ST., ST. PAUL. ' ! C X fnriJTT I>OBltlvel y Never Deceive, Disappoint nor Misrepresent. Oil VIA JJ 1 1 Have a National Imputation for well-kept promises. Surely cannot afford to give a Bad Performance, but rA Must always give the Biggest Possible Kind of a S how. Pay the Largest Salaries to the Best aid Costliest Features. Always know exactly what the People Want and Supply It. WTP p TWO Present all the Foreign and Native Curiosities Worth Seeing, 11 llXVJii.ll D Have Facilities for procuring Sensations that none Others Possess. Give the Greatest Show (For the Admission Price) on earth. GRAND HOLIDAY ATTRACTIONS! Christmas Week, Commencing Monday, Dee. 21. 3 . GREAT HALLS ! 3 -r " ft li**liik«»* Filled with CTTRIOTTS and WONDERFUL - iißftlf fyftVPrl P in ART and NATUEE, and a ZOOLOGICAL J^i^sJlnli* f«■101I 0!r tf f%l\m. COLLECTION which Comprises curious £*C \F fl l|"^'ll*\^'" lOITD Ii f Animals from all over the world. ' "t 4-LEGGED ft'W" Revival of the good, old English Pantomime, umnhr niimntv. or the Frolins of ftlown sinri Pantsiinnri- iA Wt 111 hJ i» Jr VI 111 J>^ »J> 9 ■ *• ■* "^ * * ■ ■ V^^J \S I «, ,» i \_* VY a A CA.I IV4 a CX. I 1 LdlUt,/! 1 4 Km ' 1 m I— t \\ L'l 4^ \\t IT 1 \_^ IM II l^t r^ M.* I M The Children's delight. Master minds of Irish comedy. I^* Ladies are earnestly requested to attend the afternoon performances, thus avoiding the great crowds at night. ....... ;• IMPROPER CHARACTERS NOT ADMITTED UNDER ANY PRETEXT. /^ 10c. ADMITS TO ALL. OPEN DAILY FROM 1 TO 10 P. M., EXCEPT HOLIDAYS. jeopardize the movement My idea of the proper way to reach success is an appeal to congress and the state legislatures. It is a measure that will be a benefit to both employer and laborers, and the wages will regulate themselves. T. F. York— l think its success will be for the good of humanity, and benefit both employer and laborer. It will give the laboring classess time for needed recreation and study. Some say that the extra time would only be thrown away with the majority, but my experience in England where the nine-hour law was successfully inaugurated, is to the contrary. The change will have to come about gradually, and by mutual Understanding. A. L. Robinson — Yes, it would be a good thing, and I think it will come about before long. We can't expect ten hours' pay, but that matter will regulate itself. We want eight hours for sleep, eight for work and eight tor recreation. A man will always get enough to live on and that is about all he gets now. ST. PAUL TIME. The affiliation of the Socialistic Labor party of St. Paul with the Trades' assembly is one of the problems of the future. The Socialists are ready but there is a certain prejudice against them in the labor unions which the former claim is mainly the result of a misunderstanding of their principals and aims. *** It was learned yesterday from J. C. Goheen of the Cigarmakers' union that steps were being taken to secure 200 acres in or near West St. Paul for the site of a labor colony. Over forty have already taken hold of the scheme. There will be room for about two hundred families and only workingmen can partake of the benefits. The location is not given, but it will be about two miles from the bridge in Dakota county and will probably be called Uniontown or some similar name. A similar colony of Philadelphia workingmen numbers nearly four hundred families. *»* Over one thousand nine hundred residences were eroded in St. Paul this year, and of the more than six thousand real estate sales, only sixty-six of them were especially large amounts. It looks as if a good many workingmen had been fortunate to have been building homes for themselves. •»* An interesting feature of the local labor field just now is the graders' strike on the Chicago, Burlington & Northern line. When men with families at home to support and men who have to pay §4 for board are asked to labor at dangerous employment, exposed to the rigors of a Minnesota winter and for a dollar a day they are naturally inclined to rebel at the pressure which forces such conditions. But the fact which has been so often demonstrated that riotous proceedings on the part of strikers not only fail to bring employers to terms, but react to the injury of the movement, will probably be again verified in the present case. But there hasn't been much riot anyhow. *** • The statement of the contractor that nearly a hundred men visited the place every day in search of employment at Si a day, suggests many tales of undeserved suffering, and should meet with a response of sympathy in every reader. St. Pan I Notes. C. W. Stevenson of St Paul was one of the speakers at the mass meeting in Minneapolis under the auspices of the Trades and Labor assembly. He advocated agitation and education for the improvement of the laborer's condition. There are over a hundred iron molders in tUa city, most of them belonging to the railroad shops, the harvester works and the St. Paul iron works. About sixty belong to the union. At the last meeting of the Bricklayers' union G. A. Lafayette, Charles Brunk and J. N. Smith were Selected delegates to the Trades and Labor assembly for 1886. Rev. E. C. Evans, pastor of the Pacific Congregational church, devotes considerable attention to the interests of labor. An account of the closing of the shops of ' the Singer Sewing Machine company will be found on the thirteenth page. Work is slack with the iron-molders, but by the first of the year the usual revival of work is expected. The eight-hour question is favorably regarded by the Bricklayers' union, but has not been settled as yet. The Knights of Labor have determined to start a co-operative industry hi St. Paul soon. Anti-Chinese Association. Sacramento, Cal., Dec. 19.— A Citizens' Anti-Chinese association was organized here last night with a large membership. The association has for its object the furtherance of legislation for ridding California of the Chinese and the displacement of Chinese by white labor. Another C, B. &Q. Strike. Chicago, Dec. 19. — Another strike commenced on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railroad here this morning, the local firemen and switchmen going out The yards of the company at Western avenue were filled with strikers and sympathizers, and, as a result, anticipating trouble, thirty policemen were dispatched to the scene. No disturbance has yet occurred but freight traffic is almost at a stand still. General Hens, The Painters' Labor union of New York recently became involved in a quarrel with the Fifth Avenue hotel, and the matter being taken up by the Central Labor union, that organization decided to boycott the hotel and every one of prominence who stopped there. Senator Sherman, Secretary Endicott, Warren Miller and ex-Gov. Foster of Ohio were among the first to go there afterwards, and each received a circular threatening his social and political future unless he immediately left the hotel. None of the gentlemen paid any attention to the note, however, ex-Gov. Foster remarking that "no one but a demagogue would pay any attention to such stuff." Gen. Butler received one of them recently just as he was leaving the hotel, and owing to his position as the asserted champion of labor and labor unions, considerable curiosity is manifested as to where he will stop on his return. A scheme is attracting the attention of New York laborers over the establishment of a "new and free city." The proposition in brief is to spend 820.000,000 or 25,000,---000 in purchasing 10,000 acres north of the Harlem river, and lay it out in 100,000 lots; to build houses on them for 25,000 people, and to sell lands to others who are able to buy for themselves, and to construct an underground railroad from the city hall to the grand central depot. By means of rapid transit, wage workers could live in this new city and reach their present quarters without inconvenience. The strike of the Monongahela valley miners which was inaugurated last August has closed, the miners returning to work at 23*)' cents. The strike was ended by advice of Grand Master Workman Powderly of the Knights of Labor. All the operators had refused arbitration. The Laboring Men's association of St. Louis recently passed a resolution condenming Musenm Open 10 A.M. to 10:30 P.M. Presenting for the first time the bewildering sensation of the 16th Century, MISS JOSEPHINE MYRTLE CORBIN, The Four-Legged Girl. A Beautiful Young Woman, 16 years of age, possessing 4 Legs, 4 Feet, 2O Toes. Miss Corbin was born near Chattanoojra, in Tennessee, seventeen years ago. She has two sisters and three brothers, she being- the eldest of the family. Her appearance in the world with twice the ordinary number of perfectly formed legs not alone amazed her parents, but created the greatest excitement in the neighborhood. At first she was exceedingly delicate aud fragile, but her parents secured the services of some of the most eminent physicians to guard her health, the result being that she grew up strong and healthy. Miss Corbia is a pretty, intelligent young lady, and unquestionably the foremost living curiosity before the public. The greatest scientific authorities have examined her and are utterly nonplussed. She Walks on 2, 3, ana 4 Feet. Don't Miss Seeing; Her. Come Early and Avoid the Crowd. HENRIETTA MORITZ, Germany's Mastodon Midget. BARNEY NELSON, The Pedal Wonder. PROF. GARST, ibe eminent Phrenologist gives delineations of character free. On tlie Bijou Stage on the Third Floor, th« Renowned Prestidlgltateur, ROTTAIR, "Will present his inimitable entertainment. PUNCH AND JUDY, Direct from London, to delight the children. On the lower stage the strongest cards that money . can secure will furnish the entertainment. BEAD THIS CAREFULLY. AJAX, Mind Mystifying, Sensation Bewildering, India Rubber Phenomenon. FREDDIE PEASLEY, Operatic Vocalist. CHARLES O. HOWE, King of the Air. First appearance of HEFFERNON & McDONALD. the street sweeping machines as inefficient, and asserting that their use wag unwise and injurious in depriving workingmen of employment Forty-two employers in Massachusetts, who had delared that they would fight the laborers to the bitter end, recently submitted to arbitration and good feeling was restored. The nailers of the Sharon Iron company of Sharon, Pa., are dissatisfied with their wages and will build a co-operative nai< mill at that or some neighboring point The Barbers' union of St. Louis has established an employment agency. Nonunion men will be charged a fee and union men will be advised gratuitously. Forty-one flint glassblowers of Montreal have struck for the wages received by the members of the American Glassblowers' union. There is a large immigration to the Wisconsin woods just now, and indications point to a very large log cut this winter. The machinery of Great Britain is capable of performing work equal to that of 400.000,000 men. The Brooklyn Central Labor union will hold a series of agitation meetings throughout the city. Twelve thousand organized workingmen paraded in New Orleans the other day. The number of knitting mills has increased 25 per cent, in two years. Furniture and cabinet makers of Boston are well organized. The Rhode Island ten-hour law goes into effect on Jan. 10. The Bakers' union is agitating the eighthour question. Railroad brakemen have organized a union. Brainerd Society. E. H. Hont will leave the Northern Pacific company on the Ist prox. and go to Sedalia, Mo., to engage in business with his father. Mr. Tom Hawley, Miss Josie Hawley and Miss Ida Hantle of Lake Park, Minn., will spend the holidays in Brainerd. W. H. Jackson, Riel's private secretary, lectured to a very thin audience at the roller rink on Thursday evening. Mr. Harvey Durand, a prominent citizen of Fond dv Lac, Wis., is visiting his sister, Mrs. Felton. M. K. Schwartz leaves on Monday evening for lowa on business and pleasure combined. Miss Ella Elridge of St. Paul will spend the holidays with her old friends in Brainerd. Mr. B. Haskell left Saturday upon a two weeks' visit to his old home at Kansas City, Mo. J. H. Burton leaves on Tuesday to visit his old home in Jefferson county, Indiana. Invitations are out tor a social hop at the Commercial hotel on Tuesday evening next The ladies of the guild met with Mrs. Col. Sleeper on Thursday afternoon. Miss Lila Brockway of Michigan is a guest of her sister, Mrs. Ed Webb. Dr. A. F. Groves has returned from a month's sojonrn in Dakota. Dr. J. R. Howes has been quite ill all week. "When will the average citizen stop spending half of his hard earnings on cigars and tobacco? Give it up? Well, when he finds out he can do without tobacco and cigars, but can't keep np without the infallible remedy. Dr. Bulls Cough Syrup." One bottle 35 emits. Tim

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