The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 31, 1899 · Page 11
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 11

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 31, 1899
Page 11
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U PPEft MOIKDiSt ALGQK A, IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 31. 1899, RODNEY Adventures f CHAPTER MOontln-ued.) ~--i i Most of the houses are fautJt of goo * "stone, but have all the!- Tindow,^ Iron-barred without and barricaded '^"within, for the population (of which ^ our shipmate Antonio was a striking specimen) consists of about thirty thousand olive-skinned Spaniards and double that number of slaves and free mulattoes, all loose, reckless, fiery and apt to use their knives on trivial occasions. There was not a ship lying there for England, or any other craft by which Weston could have sent me home. A Spanish steam-packet was •on the eve of departing for Cadiz, but being wearied by the- monotony of my long voyage, I was scarcely In a mood for the sea again, and wished to spend a little more time on shore instead of leaving with her. However, I wrote to my family by the Spanish mail, acquainting them of my safety, with the strange Incident ' which had so suddenly torn me from .them, and adding that I would return by the first ship bound for any part of England; It possible, with the Eugenie, which would probably be freighted for London. After the packet sailed with my letter In her capacious bags, I experienced an embtion of greater happiness and center' 7 ' nent than I had ever done since leaving home, for the sorrow •which I knew all there must have suffered, and would still be suffering, hung heavily on my heart. As wo were returning to the brig, 'which had now been warped alongside the mole, when passing through the street which contains the great hospital, we heard the sound of trumpets, and saw the glittering of lances with long streamers above the heads of a •dense crowd of people of all shades of color—black, yellow and brown—and •we had to doff our hats with due re-Aspect as they passed, for in the midst, surrounded by a staff of officers, epau- letted and aiguletted, their breasts sparkling with medals and crosses, and each of them riding with a cocked hat under his left arm, came the present •Captain General of Cuba, a marshal of the Spanish army, Don Francisco Ssr- rano de Dominguea, attended by an •escort of mulatto lancers, all mounted on Spanish horses. He was* a fine-looking man, and although aged, had all the bearing of what he was, or, I should say, is— .a grandee of old Castile. On returning to the Eugenie we found Antonio the Cuban working among the crew as lustily and as ac- fely as any man on board. Weston ' /ow offered him remuneration for the .time that he had been with us, with a hint that he might find a berth elsewhere; but our castaway evinced the greatest reluctance to leave the brig, and begged that .he might be permitted to remain on board, as three of •our best hands had been sent ashore, sick, to the hospital. So short-sighted is man that Cap, tain Weston, despite the dislike of the L «rew and the advice of Marc Hislop, ordered that the name of Antonio be •entered on the ship's books as fore„ mast man. <t Three weeks after our arrival the f '«, brig was careened to starboard, when " clear of all 'the car^o, and had her copper scrapsd and, cleaned, an op' eration'which the constant rains of the -J,, season greatly retarded. 'V> There, was much in Cuba to feed j an imaginative mind, and mine was J full of the voyages, the daring adven- %jtures and the vast discoveries of Co'\' lumbus, with the exploits of the buc- ,^'fcaneers, whose haunts were amid these '« wild and, in those days, savage $ shores. •'"|, I thought of the gaily plumed and '¥ barbarously armed caciques whom Co?i lumbus had met in their fleet pirogues, y or had encountered in the dense for'/.; ests which clothe the Cuban moun- 'JJ4 tains—forests, old, perhaps, as the J ), days of the deluge—of the yellow- •^sklnned women with their long, flow- -sf'ing black hair and with plates of pol- % ished gold hanging in their ears and *if noses; of the fierce warriors streaked '?';'with sable war paint and armed with •- f N arrows shod with teeth or poi- oiled fish bones, that fell harmless the Spanish coats of mail; of the Caribs, who devoured their pris- — with whom a battle was but a precursor of a feast; and of the fa- inous fighting women— the terrible <|~ Amazons of Guadeloupe. f I thought of the story of Columbus ' writing the narrative of his wonderful discoveries, his perils and adventures, on a roll of parchment, which he wrapped in oilcloth covered over with wax, inclosed in a little cask, and then cast into the sea, with a prayer, and the hope that if he and his crew pei-- ished this record of their achievements might be cast by the ocean on the shore of some Christian land. As I sat by the sounding sea that oiled into the bay of Matanzas, what puld I not have given to have seen the waves cast that old cask, covered •with weeds and barnacles, at my Jeet! But now the plodding steam tug and e jrusty merchant trader ploughed ; the waters of the bay instead, of the Spanish caravels, or the Jong war pirogues of the Indian warriors; where they fought their bloodiest battles pn the wooded shore, or in tlie green savanna, where ited cacique and the mailed r itilian met hand to hand in mortal strife, the smoke of the steam mill, grinding coffee or boiling sugar, darkened the sky, and the songs of the negr*oes were heard as they hoed in the plantations, or in gangs of forty trucked mahogany logs, each drawn by eight sturdy oxen, to the sea. And so, In a creek of the bay—the same place where the Dutch Admiral Heyn sank the Spanish plate fleet—I was wont to sit dreamily for hours, with the murmur of the waves In my ears, with the buzz of insets and the voice of the mocking-birds among the palmettos, while watching the sails that glided past the headlands of the bay on their way to the Bahama Channel or the great Gulf of Florida. This was my favorite respjt. A wood of cocoanut and other trees shaded the place and made it so dark that I have seen the fire-files glance about at noon. The cocoas are about the height of Dutch poplars, and are covered with oblong leaves, which, when young, are of a pale red. As spring drew on, the branches became covered with scarlet and yellow flowers. Over these the vast corral tree spread its protecting foliage, whence the Spaniards, in their beautiful language, name it La Madre del Cocoa, the smallest of which has at times a thousand lovely s-'u-let blossoms. CHAPTER XVII. An Evil Spirit. We sailed from the Bay of Matanzas at 2 o'clock a. m., on the 3d of April, bound for the Cape of Good Hope, which we were fated never to reach. The Eugenie had been freighted for that colony with a rich cargo of molasses, sugar, coffee, and tobacco, and arrangements had been made that from Cape Town she would be chartered for London. Thus I had a fair prospect of seeing nearly a half of this terrestrial globe before I repassed my good old father's threshold at Elsmere. I earnestly hoped that we might encounter no more waterspouts or tornadoes, as they were not at all to my taste; but from other causes than phenomena or the war of the elements it was mv fortune, or, rather, my misfortune, to undergo such peril aiid suffering as were far beyond my conception or anticipation. By 8 o'clock on the morning of our departure the light on Piedras Key was bearing south by east, sinking Into the waves astern, and going out as we bade a long farewell to the lovely shores of Cuba. Three of our men had died of yellow fever in hospital, so we sailed from Matanzas with ten able-bodied hands, exclusive of three ship boys, the captain, first and second mates. In the waters, after the rainy season, the sky is so cloudless in the forenoon that the heat of the sun becomes almost insupportable; thus we were soon glad to resort to the use of wind- sails rigged down the open skylight to an awning over the-quarter-deck for coolness, and to skids for the prevention of blisters on the sides of the brig; but in the starry night the land-wind which comes off these fertile isles, laden with the rich aroma of their spice-growing savannas, is beyond description grateful and delicious. Without any incident worth 'recording, we ran through the sea of the Windward Isles, thence along the coast of South America, and when we approached the calm latitudes, as that tract qf the ocean near the equator is named, we became sensible of the overpowering increase of heat, while the breezes were but "fanning ones," as the sailors term those which, under the double influence of the air and motion of the hull, are just sufficient to make the lighter canvas collapse and swell again. We were soon aware of other annoyances than mere'heat, for now it seemed as if there was an evil spirit on board the Eugenie, and that nothing went right within or about her. The crew sulked and quarreled among themselves as if the demon of mischief lurked in the vessel, and daily something unfortunate occurred. Halyards or braces gave way, by which the yards were thrown aback;and in one instance the brig nearly lost her mainmast. Standing and running rigging were found to be mysteriously fretted, and even cut, as if by a knife; and then the crew whispered together of Antonio el Cubano—that horrid, dark, mysterious fellow, whose character none of us could fathom. Twice our compasses went wrong, and remained so for days! and before the cause was discovered the Eugenie had drifted far from her course. This varying was inexplicable, until Hislop, who set himself to vatch, and frequently saw Antonio hovering near the binnacle at night, unshipped the compass box and found there were concealed near it an iron marlinspike on one side and a lump of tallow on the other, either of which was sufficient to affect the magnetic needle. After their removal the compass worked as well as before. The crew were strictly questioned; all vpwed total ignorance of the transaction, and Antonio summoned every saint in the Spanish calendar to attest his innocence, but none, however, appeared. The crew npw felt convinced that, in- spired by some emotion of malice ot mischief, he alone was the culprit; and if not loud, their wrath was deep against him. These variations of our compass set the busy brain of Marc Hislop to work, and in a day or two he declared that he had discovered a plan for preventing the repetition of tricks so dangerous by insulating the needle so as to protect the compass from attractions false or dangerous. I am uncertain whether he perfected this experiment, but Antonio soon went to work another way; for one day, when he was supposed to be busj' in the maintop, he shouted, "Stand from under!" and ere Hislop, who was just beneath, could give the usual response, "Let go!" a heavy marlinspike, the same which had been found in the bjfinacle, slipped from the hand of Antonio and fell crashing through the topgratlng. The Iron bar crashed Into the dock at the feet of Hislop; whether this occurred by Inadvertence or design we knew not, but the Scotsman thought the latter. "That rascally Spanish picaroon will work us some serious mischief before we overhaul our ground-tackle or see the Cape," said Weston, who was enraged by this new Incident, and the narrow escape of Hislop, for whom he had a great regard. "Aye, he has a hang-dog look about him that I never liked," replied the latter. "He seems to be always down by the head, somehow. We should have left him in his skiff, just as we found him, like a bear adrift on a. grating, or a pig in a washing tub." On another occasion he Injured Will White, one of the crew, by letting the topmaul fall from the foretop, where it usually lay, for driving home the fld of the mast. His dreams again became a source of annoyance to all in the forecastle bunks; and on being closely and severely questioned by Captain Weston and the men as to whether he had ever killed any one, by accident- or otherwise, after being long badgered, he drew his ugly knife from Its sharkskin sheath and replied sullenly: "Only a Chinaman or so, when in California." "Well, I wish you would clap a stopper on your mouth when you go to sleep, or turn in out of earshot in a topgallant studding sail—as far off as you choose, and the further oft' tho better," said old Roberts, sulkily, after the ravings of the Cubano had kept him awake for several nights. "You seem to dream a great deal, Antonio," said Weston, with a keen glance, beneath which the Spaniard quailed. "Si, Senor Capitano," he stammered. "How is this?" "I am very fond of dreams," he replied, with a- bitter smile on his lip and a scowl in his dark eye. "Have you pleasant ones?" "I cannot say that they are always so, but I should like to procure them.""Shall I tell you how to do so?" shipmate?" "If you please, senor," growled the Spaniard. "Go to sleep, if you can, with that which is better than the formula of prayers, which at times you pay out like the line running off a log reel." "And what is it you mean, mio cap- itano?" "A good conscience," replied Weston, with a peculiar emphasis. A black scowl came over the Spaniard's swarthy visage, as he touched the rim of his hat, darted a furious glance at his chief accuser, the white- haired seaman Roberts, ami to end the examination walked forwar.3 (To be continued.) How It Feels to He Hanged In the Wide World Magazine, Richard Hicks, an old-time actor, telis of his narrow escape from being harped on the stage of the Queen's Theater, Dublin. He was playing the part of Achmet, a particularly villainous character, who, after a long career of crime, is, to the general satisfaction of the audience, captured by two British soldiers and promptly hanged. "One night, while struggling with my. captors, the rope slipped from my shoulders and knotted itself round my neck, Just as I was being hauled up," sayr, Mr. Hicks. "Never shall I forget that awful moment. Directly I felt the tug at my neck I gave a convulsive kick and tried to shout 'Stop!' but the word could not escape from my twitching lips. I could only make a gurgTing noise. Frantically -I kicked and struggled. Pain there was none, strangely enough, beyond a choking, suffocating sensation, and I could hear the tumultuous applause of the audience,who were hugely entertained with what they imagined was my realistic acting. Then a terrible sensation, like molten lead rushing down my spine, pervaded my body, and I thought my legs were bursting. I gave another mighty struggle and strove—ah! how I strove —to scream. I seemed to behold a mighty rush of green water, and my ears were filled with the roar of a cataract. I have a dim recollection of seeing a great crimson sun shining dimly from behind the waterfall, and .1 can remember falling indefinitely through space. Two days afterward I recovered consciousness, and then I suffered indescribable agony. Tne suffocating sensation still remained, but it was accompanied by an unquenchable thirst, not to mention fearful pains in my body and limbs." FARM AND GARDEN. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS. Some Up-to-Dixto nints About Cnl- tlvntlon of tlio Soil and Yields Thereof—Horticulture, Viticulture nnd Floriculture. New Treatment of Milk Pcrcr. A correspondent of Farm and Home, London, England, says: "Favorable reports—mostly, however, from continental sources—continue to come to hand of the success attending Schmidt's new treatment of milk fever. The current number of the Veterinarian contains a translation from a foreign contemporary which may be of Interest to 'W. R.,' who makes some inquiry as to the details of the treatment, and others who may be troubled with this pest of dairyland. The translation runs as follows: 'M. Yonker, who practices in a district where milk fever is common, decided to give Schmidt's treatment a trial. The sick animal Is well attended to, and the teats are washed with soap and water, ~i.d then disinfected with a solution of lysol. A tube of caout- chouc, six feet or more In length, carries at one end a funnel, at the other a teat syphon, which Is Introduced in the teat. When everything Is ready, seven to eight grammes of iodide of potassium is dissolved in a litre of water recently boiled, which is allowed to cool to 40 degrees or 42 degrees Centigrade. Each quarter 'receives a quarter of this solution. At the time of injection the practitioner should massage the quarter in order to facilitate the penetration of the Injection, and to allow it to penetrate along all the milk passages to the acini of the gland. When the pulse was weak, Yonker gave a hypodermic Injection of caffeine. At the same time he gave a dose of aloes and saline enemata. But as the results might bo' due to something other than the iodide of potassium, the author, resolved to use nothing but the Iodide, and in this manner discovered its real value. To this end he injected the solution mentioned above by means of a pewter syringe attached to a caout- chouc tube. The results obtained were surprising; five cows thus treated speedily recovered, although three of them were very seriously ill Indeed. M. Yonker thinks that these results cannot be easily passed * over. He thinks that the theory that attributes milk fever as due to the development of a toxalbumin in the udder Is a true one. Lower organisms, still unrecognized and unknown, may gain access to the udder by the teat lumen, and set up decomposition of the colostrum. Iodide of potassium acts upon these organisms as it nets upon the actino- myces In a specific fashion. A certain quantity of the salt will be absorbed, and this may neutralize that portion of the toxin that has already gained the circulation, 'fhls last explanation may be offered for the rapid disappearance of the grave symptoms established through paralysis of the pneumo-gastric nerve, due to the action of the toxin upon the nucleus of origin of the nerve within the m&dulla oblongnta. The author is of opinion that prevention may be established by either exhibiting the drug by the mouth or injecting in the udder prior to calving.' "A modification or improvement in the apparatus for the injection of the potassium iodide solution into the udder has been introduced by M. Vinck. He employs a caoutchouc tube and funnel into which .the solution is poured, and along which it runs, and at the lower extremity the rubber tube terminates in four narrower tubes; each having attached to it a teat syphon. There are thus as many syphons as quarters, and all the quarters are injected simultaneously. Schmidt insists on the superior benefit resulting from injecting the solution of iodide salt with atmospheric air. "The Idea that the cause of milk fever is a poison or toxin in the udder, which is produced in connection with the colostrum, is steadily gaining ground, and acting on this hypothesis Mr. W. Hunter. M.R.C.V.S., of New-, is employing a more direct agent than iodide of potassium in the form of chinosol. Fifteen grains of c>-:iiosol to each pint of water is stated to have been used in the suc- cpssful experiments conducted by this practitioner. • Poultry Houses. Recently we clipped the following paragraph from a paper published in I the northwest: i "The North Dakota station is one of the few agricultural experimenta 1 stations that has a poultry department, in charge of an expert chicken crank. They began a series of experiments to determine, if possible, what effect, if any, heating the poultry house would Colortujo'ij Mouutnln There are 110 mountains In whose peaks are over 12,000 feet above the ocean level. , The average amount of sickness in human life is nine dayy out of the year, have upon the production of eggs and the food requirements. On December 1 they put forty-six chickens, including several varieties of birds, into the poultry house. January 20 a large stove was put into the house and a fire started with lignite coal. On January 31 the feed bad decreased to six •pounds in the morning and eight and three-fourths in the evening. The last of March four and a half pounds morning and four and three-fourths evenings. The total amount of fuel burned from January 20 to April 1 costs 54.50. During the month cf January previous to the use of the stove, the average number of eggs a day was two and three-fourths, the remainder pf the month from the 21st to tne end it was six and three-elevenths, shQW* ing the influence that ne&t ex,evte4 upon the production of eggs, -Tfet question naturally arises, can ft mer under tne conditions exf " tne prdinary farm afford of big poultry by shows that but half the food is consumed and that the egg production Is more than doubled. With eggs worth 25c a dozen at that season of the year and food at the ordinary prices, it should seem that it Would not only be economy to heat the poultry house, but would be a Source of great profit, especially after arrangements had once been completed so that it would require but little extra work." * * * If there ever was a more pointless experiment than this We would like to know about it This comparison is made with two periods of laying, one from December 1 to 20th of January, and the other one from the 20th ot January, when the stove was put in, Up to the last of April. The conclusions drawn that all. of the extra eggs are due to artificial heat is an absurdity. Every poultryman knows that all through this section of the country few eggs are received in the period from the 1st of December to the 20th of January, while about that timo laying commences, in spite of cold weather, and continues except in periods of great cold. The only fair test would be to take two lots of poultry and keep them through the entire winter under respective conditions of artificial heat nnd no artificial heat. The conclusion that heating by stoves will pay largely Is not to be accepted without further proof. It certainly will not pay In the latitude of Illinois, In the extreme regions of Dakota and Minnesota, it might pay, but that remains to be demonstrated. Filthy Drinlclnc Utensils. Dr. Woods says: The drinking water Is a fruitful source of disease. Impure water should not be allowed within reach of fowls. It Is no uncommon sight on poultry farms, otherwise well kept, to find the water vessels In a filthy condition. Putting clean water into foul receptacles Is labor wasted; yet we not Infrequently see on poultry farms dirty wooden tubs or unclean metal vessels containing uninviting drinking water. On a farm which I visited recently the fowls are supplied with running water in a metal trough. Judging from the condition of the trough, and the accumulated filth and slime, it had not been cleaned since the plant was built—several years; yet the proprietor was unable to account for bowel troubles and other ailments to which his fowls were subject. Wo cannot be too careful about the drinking water. It should be such as we would be willing to drink ourselves, since it plays an Important part in the makeup of the fowl and of the egg. Metal water dishes, If kept clean, are all right; but glazed earthenware ones are better. They should be so made that they can bo easily and thoroughly cleaned— should be well rinsed each time re- flUod, say twice or three times daily. Once a week iffey should be washed and scalded. A Notable Shipment of Percheron Horses.—The following appeared last week in a Chicago paper: Chicago has Ijecomc a horse market for the Pacific coast. Yesterday's overland freight on the Northwestern railroad took a carload of sixteen giant Percheron craft horses, consigned to a brewing and malting establishment in Seattle, Wash. The animals had to themselves a "palace" stable car equipped with everything dear to equine appetite and comfort, with a special attendant to minister to their wants. It is sai'l to be the first time Chicago has been drawn on for such a consignment to a domestic destination nearly 2,000 miles away. In anticipation of the new field of traffic the shipment may open, the railroad company has sent along its right-of-way orders to "rush" the car to the coast with all possible dispatch. None of the horses was under sixteen hands high, while they tipped the scales at an average weight of 1,750 pounds. They were of the uniform shade of "dapple gray." and were bred ou the prairies of lowu and Illinois. The Leaf of Young Grain.—There is much difference in the breadth, sine and color of leaf in young grain as it comes up. It Is partly dependent on the character of the seed, as the plant sends up its first leaves mainly from the stai'chy matter which encloses the germ and which the germ uses until it is able to put forth roots into the soil. Barley being larger and heavier than oats has always a broader leaf, though if oats are sown on rich land and somewhat late they will come up with a leaf that looks like barley. But this rank growth early is not regarded favorably by the cultivator, for he knows that it is liable to be followed by rust of stalk or grain later in the season. Harrowing grain that comes up with too small and thin a leaf bruises these first leaves, and as it also stimulates root growth It causes the plant to send up new shoots with much broader leaves. This dries out the soil, thus preventing the excessive growth later that invites rust.—Ex. Condensed Milk.—The New York Commercial says the quantity of condensed mil£ made in the United States is assuming immense proportions, and yet the demand far exceeds the supply. No accurate statistics are obtainable, but the latest estimates give an annual product of 2,000,000 cases, about half of which is consumed at home. The remainder is exported and the demand is constantly increasing. Japan, pftma, jfoflfc ana the the cheviot Sheep. Prof. C. S. Plumb of the Indiana perlment Station recently published a pamphlet on the Cheviot sheep, from which we make the following extracts:' "About 300 miles north of London,; forming the dividing line betweenj England and Scotland, lies a group of "mountains and hills. These are not rough, ragged, stone-capped moun-] tains, such as are familiar to the Newj Bnglander, but rather smooth-faced, Instead, covered with grass and tege- tatloh to their summits. These arej the Cheviot Hills. Among them a few 1 rise to some height, of which the Cheviot at 2.C76 feet, and Carter Fell, rising: 1,816 feet, are the most prominent: points. These hills mainly prevail in the north part of Northumberland' County, England, and In Roxburg county, Scotland. Writing of this region In 1796, John Nalsmyth says th9j whole Cheviot region Is naked and open, and Is now an unbroken con-, tlnuatlon of sheep pastures, except: such cultivation as Is made for the, accommodation of the flock. He tells of 'beautiful, smooth, low, verdant hills,' 'clusters of fine, smooth knolls,' covered with sweetest verdure,' and. of 'a great range of good pasture of a mixed nature.' Yet, he also writer of less fertile parts, 'which having lain long neglected, the surface water has preyed on the soil, destroyed the sweet verdure, and brought a growth of mosses In Its place,' and further, that 'upon the' southwest of Cheviot, the plain top of the ridge is covered with a coat of peat earth, In some places very coarse and miry,' producing various kinds of moorish herbage." Description of the Cheviot.—Howard H. .Keim describes the sheep as follows: "A Cheviot ram,.when arrived at maturity, weighs in good flesh at least 200 pounds live weight. He has a lively carriage, bright eyes and plenty of action. His head is of medium length, broad between the eyes, well covered with short, flne white hair. His ears, nicely rounded and not too long, should rise erect from UIB> head—low set or drooping ones are decided faults, but at the same time they should not be what are called "hare- lugged," that is, too near each other, as that Indicates a narrow face, which generally denotes a narrow body. His nose and nostrils must be black, full and wide open; his neck strong and not too long; his breast broad and open, with the legs set well apart. His ribs must be well sprung and carried well back toward the hook bones, as a long weak back is about the worst fault a Cheviot can have. His back must be broad and well covered with mutton; his hind quarters full, straight and square; the tail well Lung and nicely fringed with wool. His legs must stand squarely from the body (if bent hocks, either out or in, and especially the latter, are looked upon as weakness); the bone must be broad and flat, and all must be covered with short, hard, white hair. He will grow a fleece weighing twelve to fifteen pounds of fairly flne wool, densely grown and of equal quality; coarseness on the tops of the hocks Is a decided blemish. The wool should meet the hair at the ears and cheeks In a decided ruffle; bareness there or at the throat is inadmissible, and it should grow nicely down to the hocks and knees. The breast and belly are also well covered. The same description, when modified, will apply to .the ewe also, which will weigh 150 pounds. Cheviots, when in a natural state, must grow finer wool, as hard feeding inclines to make it stronger; but it must be stiff and dense and 'not too short. The perfect Cheviot is one which will live and thrive well on the hardest keep, and when taken to better ground prove itself equal to the occasion by growing larger and becoming easily fattened. The ewes are also great milkers and very prolific. Food That Costs Nothing.—During the warmer season, when allowed to forage for themselves, each fowl gathers several ounces of meat daily. When the supply of grasshoppers, bugs, flies and worms fails, it may be furnished from the table, the scrap pot or the market. Green food may be furnished in cabbage, vegetables, apples or cut clover. A warm breakfast should be given on cold days and there should be no lack in the supply of drink. A meat diet with grain and vegetables is essential to the well being of fowls during the cold weather, when worms, bugs and insects are not to be found by the birds, but in summer the fowls can secure such foods for themselves.—American Gardening. Fattening Shropsbtres.—At the Oklahoma Station two Shropshire lamba made gain of 30 Ib. in four weeks, eating two pounds each daily of Kafir meal, aside from hay. One of these lambs was quite fat at beginning of trial, and made gain of only 10 Ib. in second period of seven weeks. Three grade wethera, thin in flesh, made gain of 53 Ib. in flve weeks, an aver- ago gain of a trifle over one half pound daily. They ate 237 Ib. of Kafir grain. Sheep digest unground Kaflr grain better than do horses, cattle or hogs. Tomato Fertilizers.—Nitrate of soda is usually very beneficial to the tomato plant in early stages of growth. Later, potash and phosphoric acid both may bo used. Just before setting the tomatoes, 200 Ib. per acre of the following mixture might be applied: 100 Ib. of nitrate of soda, 100 Ib. of dissolved rock, and 25 Ib. of muriate of potash. Thoroughly incorporate with the soil. Gentleman. thg portion, remain-

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