The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 17, 1899 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, May 17, 1899
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J?JS8 MOlNBai ALOOftA. FAIR KENTUCKIANS WILL RACE. WMDNBSDAY MAY 17. 1899, Mrs. Barnes, Mrs. Pepper and Mrs, McClelland to Manage Strings. ^ There will be three prominent iCen- ludky women in the facing game this Season, They are Mrs. Annie Lyle Bradley Barnes, Mrs. Bally McClelland and Mrs. EJlla 0, Pepper. Mrs, Barnes Is the wife of the well knowtt Colonel William S. Barnes, Mrs. McClelland is the widow of the late Byron McClelland, the most successful turfman the state ever produc- ed.and'Mrs. Pepper is the wife of Col. James E. Pepper, the well - known distiller and former turfman. Mrs. Barnes was Miss Lyle Bradley, ouly daughter of the wealthy Thomas Bradley, ^who died several years ago, leaving her a comfortable fortune. She has been a reigning belle in Lexington and central Kentucky soci ety ever since she made her debut. Her father was a partner of the late James A.' Grinstead, a turfman of the old school, and Miss Annie was a racegoer before she was old enough to talk. As a society woman Mrs. Barnes has always been a shining light. Before she was married to Col. Barnes she was considered one of the most beautiful and gracious of Lexington's 400. Since aer marriage she has been a lavish entertainer. Owing to the continued ill health of Colonel Barnes the family spends the winter in Florida, but the summers are passed at the beautiful home here, which is then the Mecca of visitors. Last year Mrs. Barnes* most promising performer on the circuit was The Lady in Blue, which was tipped to win filly, but she .failed to land the prize. The filly is itt apparently good condition this spring and she will start in some of the rich 3-year-old events ift the east. Mrs. Barnes will have several promising 2-year-olds out this season and she hopes to win some of the rich stakes for youngsters. Alt the horses she races are bred at her bus* band's Melbourne farm near Lexington. In fact, the land belongs to her, as It Is part of her inheritance from her father, but the horses with which it is stocked are nearly all the property of the colonel. Colonel Barnes, although AND GARDEN, OF INTEREST AORtCULtUfcrStSi TO Bfi»* tp-to*Date flints Abont Col- tlvatlon Of the Soil and *l«ldt Thereof—Horticulture, Vitloaltare and Floriculture, the rich Futurity. She and all her social friends sent a great deal of 'money away to be placed on the aristocratic formerly one of the largest racing owners In the country, has abandoned the turf altogether and allows his wife to conduct this part of the business. She has so far been fairly successful. Mrs. McClelland was, prior to her marriage, Miss Sally Smith, daughter of a prominent physician of this county. She was reared on a fine bluegrass farm and when a girl developed a great liking for horses. A man may have his price, but he is apt to be ahy about showing his cost mark. Growing In Georgia. (Cdndehsed from the Farmer*' Revtew Stenographic Report of Illinois* State Horticultural convention.) A. M, Augustine read a paper in which he said in part: It was my fortune and pleasure to spend some time last summef visiting the commercial peach orchards of Georgia during their busiest shipping season. I shall speak principally of Mr. Kale's orchard in Georgia, for it is conducted on thorough business and hortidultural methods, I arrived in Ft. Valley the morning of the 18th of July, and I can never forget the beautiful appearance of the great Blberta peach orchards extending along miles of drive, with the trees on either band bending to the ground with the most beautiful fruit grown. In point of value and productiveness the Elberta Is to Georgia what the Ben Davis is to the western apple growers, except that it stands much higher on the list in quality. First we will visit the pickers in the field. To handle the «rop of these 70,000 Elberta trees requires about 100 pickers. These are composed principally of negroes and are divided into four gangs. I wish to say right here that the South certainly has the advantage of the North In fruit growing in this one respect at least, to say nothing of the cheap lands. There is no better laborer under the sun than the Southern negro if he is handled properly. When properly trained he can do more than a white laborer and do it more cheerfully. • Each picker carries a sack of tags with his individual numbers on each, '•and every basket that goes to the packing house carries one of. the tags. Thus it is easy to locate any laborer doing bad work. .The trees have been headed very low, so that now in their eighth year, although they have made an. excellent growth, nearly all the fruit can be gathered by the picker while standing on the ground. Each peach is'picked and laid In the basket. The trees are gone over a number of times during the season. When the fruit is picked it is carried respectively, for the first and second weigh periods. During the first period the minimum variation of any single individual was 7 pounds, and the maximum variation 32 pounds, with an average variation of 7 pounds. During the second period the minimum varlatldn was 4 pounds and the maximum 40'pounds, with an average tor the lot of 5 pounds. In the first period th« greatest variation was with a 960- pound cow, and in the second period with a 1,300-pound cow. Young Stock—This lot consisted of five head, whose weights ranged from 400 to 600 pounds. During the first weigh period the minimum variation was 7 and the maximum 39 pounds, with an average for the lot of 23 pounds. During the second period the minimum variation among the individuals so balanced each other that the average variation for the lot was only 2 pounds. • Calves—In four calves weighing from 85 to 166 pounds the variation was from 2 to 6 pounds, the average for the lot for both periods being about .2% pounds. The greatest variation, however, was with the smallest calf. Bull—This pure-blood Guernsey had an average weight in the first period of 1,342 pounds, with a difference between his highest and lowest weight of 12 pounds. In the second weigh period his, average weight was 1,355 pounds, with a variation of 19 pounds. The above notes show that a considerable variation may take place in consecutive daily weights of the same animal without any apparent cause. When a person is particular about getting an accurate weight of an animal it should be done by averaging at least three dally weighings. HUMORS OF GENDER. European Cnl- Tougues Drilled Into fortuity of Structure. There is fun which the vulgar do not suspect in the study of languages. European tongues, springing from the same root, except Basque and Magyar and Turkish, have been drilled into uniformity of structure. They give no notion of the tricks and complications which savage men devise to express their simple thoughts. But the reader must not suppose I am more learned than himself in this science; it is only in miscellaneous skimming of books that a few odd little (examples have impressed themselves upon my memory. Observe' the detail of gender. It seems to us that nature itself has regulated that matter once for all. In most languages of course Inanimate things are treated as masculine or feminine; •everybody knows that our own forefathers did the same long ago. But, in .-any case, male, female and neuter igenders exhaust the possibilities. You •cannot have more than three genders, •or less than two, for the sexes must be •distinguished. So it appears to the civilized mortal, But an Australian of Daly river contrives to recognize tour, while an Algonquin of North America and a Dravidian of India have two, iu- deed> but they are not male -and fet male. For the Daly river person insists that plants shall have a gender of their own; the Algonquin and the Dravidian agree that it is the distinction of living and dead, not that of sex, which should be maintained. The great Fulah nation also ignores male &iu! female, making one comprehensive gender for human beings and everything that relates -thereto, and another for all creatures and things outside. Thus, tame cattle are distinguished from wild, and a tree planted •with intention from one that springs naturally. Upon the other hand, those poor Armenians have not even one gender to bless themselves with, But the Australians of the Daly river actually put gender into their verbs. Humane persons would not credit such an outrage upon lower authority than that of Rev, D, MeKlllop, in charge of the Roman Catholic mission there. Only to think of learning such a language gives one a shiver. We do not hear how many moods go to a verb, but the tenses are vaguely and awfully described as "endless"; perhaps the reverend gentleman had not yet succeeded in counting them. Thirty- five are reckoned in the speech of the Easuto Kaffirs— no less do those interesting barbarians require for conversation. Bui they do not call upon thenj to agree with the noun in gender as wgll as i» number and person. That is, the exclusive demand of the Mullok- M^Uoke, Cherites and Ponga-popgas, ,f«npng whon^ Mr. McKillpp and his brethren spend tbeir days, desperately with the parts of unless by change in the first or the last syllable of the noun or the interposition of one midway, as In Turkish. But antipodean ingenuity is equal to the task. These black fellows express the plural by a change, not in the noun, but in the verb. Upon the whole, there is no such lively example of the perplexing rule that language is more complicated, and more scrupulous to interpret the speaker's meaning, in proportion to the barbarism of those who use it. There are exceptions, enough, of course.—Pall Mall Gazette. The Beit Port of Life. What period of life is most enjoyable? This is a question suggested by the gossip of the veterans as interesting as that of their diet or their habits. Mr. Frith, R. A., by the way, declares he has no rules about eating, and he tells a friend who gives porridge as the secret of old age that if old age can only be had by living on porridge he prefers a short life. As to the enjoyable period of life, the late Mrs. Keeley said life grew healthier as the years went on and that mankind had better days before it than behind. Mrs. Cady Stanton, who is 83, says that life was never fuller or sweeter to her than It is now, when she under stands the true philosophy of life, wastes no energy iu regrets of the past or fears of the future. 'The future is a sealed book, and the past cannot be remedied." She lives in thtS present, bending all her energies - to the duties of the hour. Sir Charles Gavan Duffy says: "The most ti-an- qull and serene period of my life was from my sixty-fourth to my seventy- second year."—Windsor Magazine. Lombroso on Tolstoi. Prof. Lombroso, the great Italian "physicocrlmlnologist," while visiting Russia recently met Tolstoi, and this is what he says of that eminent writer: "As I entered the room I saw him sitting at his writing table in old. patched clothes. I am an admirer of Tolstoi, but I believe he is ill. I received the impression that he is very vain. You have only to look at the shoes he has on his feet. The leather was everywhere torn and in holes, all done artificially in order that-he might have an opportunity of mending them in his skillful way."—Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post. TO PRESERVE AN HISTORK DHL contrivance, not exclusive, more highly develpped. on the Dajy " on large spring wagons to a most commodious packing house, which is open on' both sides .and ends. This packing house has two benches running from end to end, and. on the outer side of both benches stand the graders. Tha wagons unload their fruit by the side of the graders. In the middle of this bench there is a canvas trough running from end to end. Each peach is examined separately, and, if over-ripe, too green or specked in any manner it is put with the culls, and the perfect fruit Is made into two grades. The packers stand on the inside of these long benches and pack the fruit from the canvas troughs I have just mentioned. The grader removes the tag from the basket where the picker'has placed it and turns in these tags. The number of tags shows how many baskets they have graded during the day. Each packer is supplied with numbered tags, one of which is attached to every crate he packs. This tag is removed by the inspector, and If the fruit be properly packed, the tag is turned in to the credit of the packer; if the fruit is not properly packed it Is returned to be repacked. In this way it is possible each morning to tell exactly how much work every Teon has performed, and, although they are paid by the day, the amount of work performed and the manner in which it is done is what determines the wages. The Hale orchard this year put in an evaporating 'plant which has been quite a source of revenue. Very often much of the .very finest fruit will be a trifle specked or over-ripe. About 600 bushels of this is evaporated in 24 hours, and it is worth on the market about 9 or 10 cents per pound, and is equal if not preferable to the best grade of California evaporated peaches. Probably 90 per cent of the peaches planted in Georgia have been Elber- tas. The Elberta is pre-eminently the Georgia peach. Selection of Seed Corn br Crosa Breeding It will pay the farmers of Kansas to test the value of the following methods of selecting seed corn; Two or three rows are planted in the middle of the field; using seed of a different variety from that used in the remainder of the field. The tassels of the corn in these rows are pulled out and before they develop pollen, so that the ears will be fertilized with pollen from the remainder of the field. The seed from these rows is selected for next year's planting, and it is claimed that the yield has been increased by at least ten bushels per acre. Colonel Dudley of Topeka has done a great deal in this line, and reports excellent result. If the yield of the Kansas corn crop could be increased ten bushels per acre it would mean several million dollars added to the value of the crop, and obtained by only a very little increase of labor expended. About fifteen farmers in the vicinity of Manhattan have agreed to co-operate with the Kansas Experiment Station in testing the methods this year, but why should not five hundred or a thousand farmers all over Kansas join in the work? It will require very little labor. Any farmer can find a different variety of corn from his own by going three miles, -or less, away from his home; ,and the work of pulling out the tassels will be little more than the work necessary to cut tha weeds out of the same number of rows. Farmers,, give this matter your careful attention, and then plan to take up the work. The members of the station council will gladly correspond with you in regard to any further information you may need.— R. W. Clothier, Kansas State Agricultural College. Planting And R«plftntlhjt Corfl. ;'^ A bulletin of the department df af*' *J riculture says: Owing to abnbHSftl ' weather conditions, the preseiMSe' d£ • Insect enemies, the {allure of the 66M» \ and other Influences, it often becdfltll necessary to postpone the planting it; , corn or to replant the (stop, 'twf^ question which presents itself iindfif "'• such conditions is how the date of '. planting affects the yield and inatttl^ „"•*• Ity. Many of the experiment station* ; have carried on experiments for eral years to determine the of the time of planting corn on thft yield and maturity of the crop, whictt have thrown much light on this sub", ject. In experiments at the Indiana station it was found that the earliest planting (May 1) yielded the largest crop (41 bushels per acre), while th« latest planting yielded about' one* fourth less (31.7 bushels per aer"e),, The time required for the crop to mtU ture decreased as the time of planting was delayed. A delay ' ot thirty . or, forty days in planting shortened the, time required for the corn to mature from two to three weeks. At the Kansas station the average results of experiments In this line carried on for two years showed that corn planted In the, beginning of May gave the best results, and at the Illinois station the average results of similar experiments were In favor of the plantings made from May 4 to 18, with tendencies slightly favoring the later dates. The experiments indicate, therefore, that^ under favorable conditions there is an advantage in early planting; but Jn view of the uncertainties of the weather, which Is always a controlling factor in the growing of crops, these results must be applied with caution in practice. As Tracy has pointed out, planting should not begin too early in the season. "Nothing is gained by putting seed into soil which is too cold or too wet to favor germination. It is better to defer the planting a week or ten days than to run the risk of losing it by decay or of having an imperfect stand by planting before the ground is sufficiently dry to work well ) and warm enough for immediate/' growth. Every missing plant mgansl a decrease in the yield, and replanting! the missing hills is seldom profitable. | The replants are surrounded by plants' ^ which mature and shed their polle; before the younger silks are form The pollination Is therefore very/ ii%, i- perfect, and the ears on the replan are usually nubbins,, which are acarc| ly worth gathering. x "^hen the mia ing plants amount to from 10 to per cent of the whole, replanting with some earlier maturing variety which will produce its tassels and silks at about the same time as the original planting Is often profitable, but will not pay when the misses ar t e less than 10 per'cent. When the misses are more than 20 per cent it will pay better to make an entire new planting." Philadelphia chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 0? which Mrs, Charles Carter Harrison is regent, has taken steps toward the restoration and preservation of. a historic old building o» the banks Qf the Brandy- of Deborah's rock, a famous, resort for Indians in the earlier days, of this country! it was built in 1724 by Abiah Taylor, who had settled along the Brandywine as early as 1702, and the walls are yet in a good state of wine, and has i&sfced the co-operation preservation. The bricks with which it ol Chester county chapter, of whlcty is bui)t are sent <w4wise, and the win- Mre, Logan te regent. This old build- daw frames, which are all quite email, ifig w$s tfce headquarters O f General are made of Jead. {Jurlng tte battle e, ag$ Jiene ajfc its Bran4y- The descendants of ^Pldiev§ in Chester ecmnty are taking the Variation In Cow Weights. From Farmers' Review: At the oeglnning of each month for the past two months the dairy herd of the Kansas State Agricultural College has been weighed for three consecutive days, and the, weight of each animal determined by averaging the results of Ibe three days' weighing. During the first weigh period the herd did not have access to water until after they were weighed, but during the second period they were allowed to run to the watering trough in the yard before weighing. To one unaccustomed to fluctuations in animal weights the following results may appear astonishing; Cows Giving Milk: The average weight of thirteen head was 1,048 and 1.06C pounds, respectively, for the first and second weigh periods. During the first period the minimum variation ot any one individual was 4 pounds, and, the maximum variation 65 pounds, with an average for the lot of 18 pounds. During the second period, where the herd had access to water, the minimum variation was 6 pounds and the maximum 90 pounds; but dur-, Jng this period certain individuals gained ftt the same tixfl,? that others lost, so tha^ the average variation lor life? l9t w only B -pound^ the as tbe njJaSmijijK Yarifttiflp, ol a^y *» both p.er}Qds the great est ¥»Fifttt9e tflQfe Fertilizer Ingredients In Cropa from One Acre. Nitro- Pot- Crops. . gen. ash. Apples 39 Ibs 60 Ibs Barley 57 Ibs 51 Ibs Beans 75 Ibs 53 Ibs Buckwheat 5C Ibs 40 Ibs Cabbage 200 Ibs 270 Ibs Clover, green ..130 Ibs 140 Ibs Clover, dry .... 82 Ibs 88 Ibs Corn 83 Ibs 55 Ibs Grapes 32 Ibs 39 Ibs Hops 84 Ibs 53 Ibs Mixed hay .... 70 Ibs 77 Ibs Oats .".... 55 Ibs 62 Ibs Onions 72 Ibs 72 Ibs Pears 32 Ibs 26 Ibs Peas 108 Ibs 52 Ibs Plums 30 Ibs 40 Ibs Potatoes 46 Ibs 74 Ibs Rye 51 Ibs 45 Ibs Sugar beets .... 69 Ibs 143 Ibs Timothy hay .. 89 Ibs 94 Ibs Tobacco 76 Ibs 200 Ibs Tomatoes 32 Ibs 54 Ibs Turnips 80 Ibs 180 Ibs Wheat 59 Ibs 31 Ibs Phos. acid. 30 Ibs 30 Ibs 30 Ibs 14 Ibs 70 Ibs 40 Ibs 18 Ibs 48 Ibs 11 Ibs 23 Ibs 18 Ibs 22 Ibs 37 Ibs 10 Ibs 33 Ibs 4 Ibs 21 Ibs 26 Ibs 32 Ibs 23 Ibs 16 Ibs 20 Ibs 52 Ibs tion, Urbana, Hi., for a copy wheat. the 9f PihUadelphJa. tjiat 1 this Qlfl 24 Ibs The above table may safely be use'd in computing the probable draught on the soil for each of the crops mentioned. It must be understood, however, that for fruits, the demand for fertilizer for the annual wood growth and for the leaves and pruned twigs is not included.—Plant Food. Why One Farmer Failed.—In a down-east village store, the wise-acres sat in council on the nail kegs and tool boxes. "I'll tell you just what kind of a man Tom Jones was, said the chief critic, a sharp-eyed, but notlunkindly son of the soil. "He's dead now, ana we can't hurt him by what we say and might as well speak out plain. He never got on in the world, and there was a mighty good reason for it. Fact is, he never did anything so 'twould stay done. He was a good worker; he lived on the next farm to me a dozen years, and I can testify tha.t he wasn't lazy. He would wow, for instance, and was careful to pick up every stone iu' front of his scythe. He'd pick it UD and carefully lay it out of the way behind him. Next year, wtoen he came to mpw that field, he'd pick up the same stonee again and lay them be- bin« him, and that wayYe thQs,e stpja.es pyer and oyer y«ar mx, T*f* viff * The Treatment'of Hogs In England. In England the brood sows are usually given plenty of run on grass in good weather; they have very little to be called severe, so that practically the brood sows run out most of the time* This exercise and freedom give them a very healthy, thrifty appearance, and as a rule you find them righ.t up on their toes, strong on their legs and regular breeders of two litters per year, says a contributor to Swineherd. The stock boars there are as a rule kept in thinner condition than they are in this country, and thinner than their brood sows. Usually after a boar has been shown one season—or seldom more than two seasons—he is reduced down thin and turned in with sows especially selected as being suitable to breed to him. After those sows are- bred he Is put in a pen (or what they call a sty), and kept on a low ration, so as to not increase his flesh. They seem to depend more on "active condition" in their boa.rs than they do in "breeding boxes" (as we do here with our heavy boars)—hence the necessity of keeping the bpar as thin as possible, so he may not be encumbered with nesh in his duties at the head of the breeding herd. And while speaking of this way of using their herd boars, we would also say we admire one feature of their breeding there, and that is when they .find a sire that has proved a good one and a producer of winners, they keep him, instead ol changing sires every year, as so many do in this country. The The Apple Scab greatest curse to the apple- growing sections of Illinois is the apple scab fungus, and the department of horticulture of the Agriculture- Experiment Station of the University ol Illinois is in receipt of hundreds letters which, show that the ot apple growers realize this fact, and that information which will enable them to combat it successfully Is desired, For this purpose the department has In press bulletin No. 54 entitled "Spraying Apples, with Special Reference to Apple Scab Fungus." This bulletin contains twenty-five illustrations''and' gives the results of careful experiments and observations in combating this disease. It also contains information in regard to machinery used for —- ing purposes. This bulletin certainly be in the hands 01 grower of apples in the state those who do not receive ' regularly should send a t ™ ueB , r 8 ^!^™ 1 ***££ ,» ' :^'^ : i feM^'i^*J&>,, - f ' b<7' ii Lfl&i

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