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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHBAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 148 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Demos Reject '54 Meeting Mid-Term Convention Bitterly Opposed by Southerners By JACK BELL CHICAGO (AP) — The Democratic conference killed today a proposal for a 1954 party convention which had been bitterly opposed by most of its Southern members. Rep. Rayburn of Texas, the House minority leader, announced that a conference committee unanl mously had approved a resolHtiur opposing the mid-term convention proposal and advocating continued regional conferences before nexi year's congressional elections. The committee action came on a motion of Rep. Hale Boggs (D-La) as party members worked in a series of discussion panels with former Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois flitting from meeting to meeting. Stevenson, the 1952 presidential nominee, quipped, at a breakfast of state chairmen that'he may not be a good politician but he is an. obedient one. He was demonstrating his obedience by eating breakfast with three different party groups and scheduling appearances at a series of luncheons, he said. Former President Truman began a day of party conferences r.after a. brisk early morning walk through Chicago's downtown district. The action disapproving the proposal for a 1954 party convention was. interpreted widely as a move by leaders to avoid dissension within the ranks over such issues as slates rignts ana civil rignts which have brought open breats in the party in the past. Sen. Me Clellan (D-Ark) said he regarded the decision as a "victory for the party," however, rather than a victory for its Dixie members. • "The less unnecessary friction we have, the better it will be for the party," he said. "A mid-term convention would be sure to produce that friction." The 1954 convention proposal was made by Paul Butler, Indiana National Committeeman, who told the conference committee that he believed such a meeting would focus national attention on the Democrats which otherwise might be denied »-,; to them in the course of next year's ^ congressional campaign. The controversial so-called "loyalty oath" subject cropped up at a meeting of state chairmen, but it was temporarily sidetracked. L. MariomGressetle, South Carolina state chairman, recommended that the slate chairmen go on record in favor of repealing the pledge adopted at last year's national convention. The pledge required delegates to use every honorable means to get the convention's nominees on state tickets under the Democratic party leading. Gressette offered the motion, but withdrew it when State Chairman James A. Ronan of Illinois said that he didn't believe the meeting should take any action on it because "this is just an informal gathering." Ronan was referring to the meeting of state chairmen. Gressette replied that he felt it would have been a "fine thing if this group would say that there was not going to be that distrust of the South we've had." "My motion was not intended to Gressette added. "I will withdraw it^-reluctantly—I was hopeful." David McConnell, serving as alternate to the North Carolina State Chairman, joined Gressette in opposing retention of the so-called loyalty oath. "We are all old time Democrats in North Carolina and we are going to stay in the party, but we resent being lectured about loyalty," McConnel declared. Gov. Hugh White of Mississippi said on his arrival he expects the issue' of the so-called "loyaity oath' 'to come before the conference. White said he is willing to agree to a committee study of the pledge, postponing action on it un- See DEMOCRAT on Page 5 'I'M SOOO HAPPY' — Miss America of 1954, a blonde, 20-year- old Evelyn Margaret Ay, hugs her trophy at a breakfast in Atlantic City after she won the title from 51 other contestants in the annual beauty pageant. The new queen, who will reign for a year, is from Ephrata, Pa., and entered the contest as Miss Pennsylvania. A third-year student at the University of Pennsylvania, the new Miss America is five feet, eight inches tall, weighs 132 pounds. Her curves measure 37-24-36. (AP Wircphoto) New Criticism Heaped On Church Testimony . NEW YORK (AP) — A congressional'report on alleged Communist activities of some clergymen has drawn new criticism and denials from members of the ministry. The comments, fell upon the House Unamerican Activities Committee, which last Friday releasec testimony taken at secret hearings in New York in July. Witnesses—three of whom sale .hey were former Communists and successful examples of Red infil- .ration of religion—were quoted as laying the Communists plotted to Jlant hundreds of followers among -he clergy. The three ex-Reds are Manning Johnson, Benjamin Gitlow and Joseph Zack Kornfeder, all of New York. Among those named in the testi- nony as involved in such a plot Composer and Ex-Governor Jimmie Davis Signs for NCPC Jimmie Davis, former governor of Louisiana and composer of You Are My Sunshine, has been signed for appearances at the National Cotton Picking Contest. J. T. Sudbury, entertainment committee chairman, announced today that Davis' signed contract was received this morning. A top composer of folk tunes, some of which have grown to Hit- Parade proportions, has been a top- name singing and recording star for years. Among his other best known Jimmie Davis $440 Collected In Court Cases Municipal Court collected a total of $440.25 in fines and bond forfeitures this morning on four cases of driving while intoxicated, one case ol speeding, and one of overloading. Jack Heathcott, Enos Choedlor, Hubert Robinson, and Charles Adkinson were each fined $100 and songs are It Makes No Difference Now, Sweethearts or Strangers, Nobody's Darlin', and Worried Mind. Two of his latest and most popular recordings include Colinda and When the Train Comes Kollin' In. He is a regular Saturday night performer on the Grand Ole Opry show which originates in Nashville, Tenn., and, oddly enough, holds a master's degree from LSU. Davis said in a letter that he might try his hand at cotton picking. . "I picked plenty of cotton as a boy and I don't think I've lost my ability In this field yet," Davis said. Other entertainment features are to be announced later, Mr. Sudc bury said. Yugoslav Pilot Reported Seeking Asylum in Italy ROME at — A 26-year-old Yugoslav pilot was reported seeking political asylum in Italy today, after fleeing his Communist horrieland in American - built fighter. Thunderbolt The Italian News Agency Ansa costs and sentenced to 24 hours in sairt thc flier who ' Menllllet him- jail on charges of driving while in- sc|f as Lt . N1 ' 0]i ,,. j^'ofjas™. toxlcated. L. J. Henson was charged with disturbing the peace and assault With a deadly weapon. He pleaded not guilty and the case was continued until Saturday. Laura McKeever forfeited a $10 bond on a charge of speeding. . Blytheville Canning Company forfeited a $30.25 bond on a charge of overloading. • Hershel McKay was charged with driving WM!e In'oxlcr-tral. The ac, landed yesterday at Aviano in northern Italy. ' Sadler's Wells Ballet Starts Third U.S. Touf NEW YORK tfl _ The Sadler's Wells ballet started its third 0. S. tour last night, receiving a noisy and warm welcome In the refurbished Metropolitan Opera House. Thc London company will was continued until Saturday wlth.licrc several weeks and thc: ' " ' tec bond «t at 1111.34. II play in vlit were the Rev. Dr. Harry P. Ward, the Rev. John Haynes Holmes and the late Rabbis Stephen S. Wise and Judah Magnes. Yesterday in New York two prominent Jewish leaders—Dr. Israel Goldstein, president of the American Jewish Congress, 'and Rabbi Maurice N. Eisendrath, president of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations — called "fantastic" the testimony concerning Rabbis Wise and Magnes. Rabbis Goldstein and Eisendralh said in a joint statement ahtt Rabbi Wise for half a century was "America's foremost rabbi." They added: "Men of all faiths and creeds looked to him as one of the nation's most dauntless and effective foes of injustice and corruption where they appeared." Rabbi Magnes, the statement said, "served with distinction . . . as (a) rabbi." The Goldstein-Eisendrath ,statement added that to charge rabbis Wise and Magncs "with having taken instruction from the Communist party and having collaborated with it is a contemptible and vile desecration." The Rev. Mr. Holmes, pastor of the Community Church at Park Avenue and 3th street in New York City, denied any collaboration with Communists in a statement he issued last night at Kennebunk Beach, Maine. He said any statements to that effect "are absolutely false." Other clergymen named issued similar denials. Woman Is Held On Vice Charge Border Patrol Nips Pldn fir Set Up Brothel at Luxora Beatrice Guzman,' Luxora t«v»m operator, was being; held in jail at Jonesboro today after failing to post a $5.000 bond set on a charge of importing aliens from Mexico for the puz-pose of prostitution. . A potential white slave ring which was to have operated at Luxora for the benefit of imported Mexican cotton pickers was broken up by U. S. immigration officials. Border patrol agents now stationed in this area initiated the in- •estigation which resulted in the woman's arrest. Immigration officials said the woman from Bay of City, small Texas tavern was operator near Luxora. They said eight girls, registered ri Juarez, Mexico, as professional jrostitutes, had been brought into the country by Miss Guzman. Miss Guzman, 24, faces a maximum penalty if convicted of $5,000 "ine and 10 years in jail. Cotton Wilt Plot Visits Slated Thursday will be visitors' day at the cotton wilt experimental plots on Highway 40. just west of Osceola. Tests in variety, fertilizers, chemical Weed control, depth of plowing and spacing have been conducted on .he plots by the University of Arkansas. The fields will remain unpicked jntil after the visitors' day which begins at 1:33 p. m. Dr. V. H Young and Brad Waddle, project leaders, will be on hand .0 explain the tests. Britain Calls For Talks On Trieste Tito Rejects Italy's Plea For Plebiscite ROME (AP) — Britain called today for consultations with the United States and France on Italy's new plea for a plebiscite on explosive Trieste which Yugoslavia's President Tito already has rejected. A British Foreign Office spokesman in London told a news conference recent statements by Tito and Italian Premier Giuseppe Pella created a "new situation" in the old feud over rival claims to the Trieste free territory. He said the three Western powers will have to consider this, together with Pella's proposal for a conference on the subject. Even as Pella was making his proposal in Rome. Tito declared in the Adriatic port city of Split: "We are against a plebiscite now because of the policy of denationalization by Mussolini. First the injustices should be repaired. Then, after 10 or 15 years we eoul.l see. The people could freely decide about its future." The Yugoslavs are well aware that Italy would have the advantage in such a vote, since about 70 per cent of the territory's 380,000 people are Italian. At the same time he flatly rejected Yugoslav President Tito's proposal a week ago to internalize the port city of Trieste and give the surrounding rural territory to Yugoslavia. At present, the northern part of the territory, including the port, is occupied by British and American troops. Italy assists in its joint administration. The southern district —3on'| 3—te occKo'"d by Yugoslav troops!;..-•...•' V.' (. No Oil On Fire Tito, speaking yesterday to a crowd of 150,000 in the Adriatic city of Split, warned, the Italians they would "break their heads" against a stone wall of Y'ugoslav resistance if they attempted to seize Trieste by force , 1 am , tof fto Western World uld Tito, ' 1* not to pour oil on the lire.' He charged that Italy had designs on his nation's territory, »nd voiced a "suspicion" that some Western elements, particularly in Britain, -were scheming with the Italians against Yugoslavia. However, Tito denied rumors, which he charged Italy was spread- '.ng for "propaganda purposes," :hat Yugoslavia is turning back oward Russia and away from its Western supporters. Pella reminded the United States, Britain and France that they had called in 1948 for the return of all of Triste to Italy. He declared hat the Allied policy statement— ade before Tito's break with Moscow and tie-up with the West —was "still a valid instrument that cannot be renounced." He contended a plebiscite was a orrnula that was a "practical real- .tion" of the three-power statement and it also fulfilled its principle of "meeting the democratic aspirations" of the people of Trieste." No Troops Present Balloting in Trieste, said Pella, hould be carried out in a demo- ratie way and "without the pres- :nce of troops of either interested larty." In Belgrade, Borba. the Yugoslav Communist party paper, said Pela's speech was an "attempt on taly's part to camouflage the real ppetite of Italian expansionism by evlvlng the old proposal for a lebiscile." The Italian premier, who is also See BRITAIN on Pace 5 Tension Mounts in UN Following Red Demand Fiery Debate for Assembly Seen as US Rejects Proposal By A. I. GOLDBERG • , UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Tension built up again in the United Nations today as explosive new debate became a certainty in the wake of Communist China's demands for a "round-table" Korean peace conference. A spokesman for the United States at once emphatically rejected the Peiping proposals, made in a long telegram yesterday from Chinese Premier-Foreign Minister Chou En-lai to U. N. Secretary Gen. Dag Hammarskjold. With the U.N. General Assembly opening tomorrow, delegates prepared for another oratorical battle over Chou's demands that Russia, India, Burma, Pakistan and Indonesia be invited to the peace conference as "neutrals," and that Red China and North Korea be invited to send representatives to the U. N. Assembly "to discuss the question of enlarging the member- of the political conference.' S. Asst. Secretary of State ship U. Robert Murphy voiced the American rejection, telling the American Association for the United Nations in a speech in New York that the American plan for a two-sided conference must be carried out. The Assembly approved this plan 43-5 last month. Murphy said the U. S. government "sees no reason whatever" for new Assembly debate on the conference makeup, or for inviting the Red Chinese to the Assembly. But delegates generally felt the question would break into the open soon after the body elects its officers and organizes for what is supposed to be a three-month session. Qualified quarters said the United States, rather tliun risk having no peace conference at all, would withdraw its opposition to renewed debate. U. S. delegates gathered In New York for their first briefing on the new developments and on other U. S. policies for the coming se*»lou, Dulleti Arrives of fciolU M.-.Q Jester' Dulles arrived last night to ittend the Assembly opening. This morning's session of the de- legation at the U. S. mission headquarters on Park Ave. was the first time the new delegates — Gov. James F. Byrnes, Henry Ford II, Heps. Frances P. Bolton (R-Ohio) and James P. Richards (D-Sc)— had a chance to sit down at their own' round table and determine their task in the Assembly and its seven committees. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., permanent U. S. delegate, came back from a vacation last night to join the group, which includes his deputy James Wadsworth, and these alternate delegates: James D. Lel- lerbach, San Francisco industrialist; Archibald J. Carey Jr., minister in a Chicago African Methodist Episcopal Church; Dr. Charles Mayo of the Mayo Clinic; and Mrs. * * * Osward B. Lord, a member of the U.N. Human Rights Commission. Byrnes, now governor of South Carolina, was secretary of state under President Truman in 1945 and 1946. He has dealt with the Russians in Big Four meetings and at the Paris Peace Conference in 1946. Chou's telegram said his government "cannot be satisfied" with the U.N. plan for a two-sided conference and "expresses deep regret at it." Dissatisfied Chou proposed: 1. That the conference be attended by all nations of the two warring sides—the 16 U.N. Allies, Red China, and North and South Korea; Sec U.N. on Page 5 * * * 320 Reluctant PW's Arrive at Kaesong By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM JAP) — Some of the 320 Allied prisoners who refused to return to their homelands from Red captivity have arrived at'nearby Kaesong, Communist Correspondent Wilfred Burchett said today. They are expected to be handed over to Indian custody in the Ko rean neutral zone Sunday. Butchett, the P.aris VHumonite newsman who often speaks unofficially, for iht''-E«d.'Jbfemm»j)df did not, say how many men are al Knesong nor did he gve their nationality. Luxoran Fatally Hurt In Wreck near Keiser Joe Dunn Gentry, 42, of Luxora, died at the Memphis Baptist Hospital yesterday from multiple head injuries received in a head-on in Bassett Cemetery son. Burial was with the Swift Funeral Home of Oftceola in charge. Pallbearers were Paul Bear, Tom Callis, A. B. Rozelle, Wylie Tate. Ray Olive and C. D. Smith, all of Luxora; Charles Cannon, . and Bill Children, both of Osceola; and J. M. McCuIlar of Wilson. . collision on Highway 40 west of Keiser Saturday night. Mrs. Willie B. Edrington, of Osceola. driver of the other car was reported in fair condition at the same hospital. When the accident occured, Mr- Gentry, a car salesman, was driving to Marked Tree to deliver a new car to a customer. The cause of the collision was not determined. There were no other occupants in the two cars at the time of the accident. Mr. Gentry and Mrs. Edrington were taken to the Mississippi County Memorial Hospital, Osceola. for emergency treatment before going to the Memphis hospital. A resident of Mississippi County for 30 years Mrj. Gentry is survived by his wife Mrs. Bessie Gentry; son Joe Gentry, Jr., University, M.is.; two daughters. Clementine and Anita Gentry. .Luxora; parents Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Gentry of Luxora; two brothers. Glen Gentry of Blytheville and S.' L. Gentry of Osceola Services were conducted this afternoon at the Luxora Methodist Church by the Rev. H. L. Robin- Woman Found Dead in Home Frenchman's Bayou Resident Is Shot The Oatis Story: Trouble Began at Youth Meet (EDITOR'S NOTE: Associated Press Correspondent William N. Oatls, rested and restored to health after two years in a Communist prison cell in Czechoslovakia, has written the story of his ordeal, as promised when he returned to the United States last May. Here is one of a series of articles In which Oatis relates his experiences.) By WILLIAM N. OATIS . (Copyrifrhl 1953 by The Associated Press) The first sign that I was in trouble came in August of 1950, two months after I went to Prague, Czechoslovakia, as a foreign correspondent. It happened at the World con, gress of the In- 'ternation- a 1 Union of Students, held in a big trade exposi- •tion hall on the outskirts of Prague. The IUS had its secretariat in p.'ngue and Included member' organizations o f college^ students In 68 countries. William N. Oatlt watches as his pr,;s li torn up «t Praflue student co:v.':rlion in tti'.i s::st::i by AP Artist John A. Carbon. Wltliim latter, notably in England, Scotland and Denmark, were not. My newsgatherlnis routine consisted mostly of sitting- In the ot- out and getting what I could from diplomats. The student congress gave me a chunce to get something first hand — to cover a story with .The secretarlnt flee and writing stories I selected! my own eyes and ears, snd most of the from the official Czechoslovak' The convention produced Soviet Prime Minister Stalin, while some Western delegations sat silent, and how an American speaker proclaimed, "In America, we will shout, 'Hands off Korea!' " Enter Jan I later went down on the convention floor to talk to that speaker and some other delegates seated there. The hall was well staffed with ushers, but none stopped me. I was in my office the next morn- Ing when a man telephoned asking if I knew where he could find Russell Jones, ihe United Press chief in Prague. I said I could not, and inquired who wns calling. The man said, "This is Jan." I had heard about him. Jan Stransky had worked for the UP until shortly before I arrived in Prague. Then he had been picked up and sent to a labor camp on the grounds he had planned to leave the country Illegally. A few minutes after he had called, he walked Into the office, a slight, boyish fellow with a lively manner, wearing khaki work clothes and brown from the sun. He had a pass to spend Sunday in a town near the camp, and he had taken a chance and come by bus to Prague. I gathered that he expected to be freed before Christmas and wanted to talk to Jones about getting his Mrs. Mary Henry was found dead in her home at Frenchman's Bayou this morning by her husband, Busier Henry, as a result of wounds from a pistol shot. A pistol was found by the bod. and a note giving an funeral insurance policy number with National Funeral Home of Memphis, Tenn County authorities and the county coroner were called for an investigation of the death. E. M. Holt, county coroner, said thot it appeared to be suicide caused by disponriency over a long illness. The family, according to Mr Holt, agreed that it was a case of .suicide. The county officers are still investigating the Incident. The body was discovered this morning when her father, Emett Speck, tried to call the house and receiving no answer, contacted Mr. Henry, who went to the house and found the body of his wife in the bedroom. Mrs. Henry also is survived by one child, Mary Lee Oreer, 15, who lives with her grandmother. Mrs. Betty Speck, of Memphis and Frenchman's Bayou, and a brother, Melvln Speck of Osceola. National Funeral Home of Memphis is In charge but arrangements were Incomplete this morning. member organlaztlons were Com-1 News Agency nnd local newspapers; world-shaking news. But I reported ; Job back. Since Jones could not be 126 cities across the United tutei. I munist dominated, but some of Uii I and radio, and occasionally going! bow delegate., demonstrated for j Set OATIS on raj. j Jack Troxell Drafted JONESBORO (If} — Jack Troxell, of Jonesboro, starting offensive halfback of the University of Arkansas football team last season, was one of 12 "draftees' who left Jonesboro today for the Selective Service Induction center at Little Rock. Troxwell had not joined the Razorback squad this season. He would have been a senior this semester. I About 20 of the 320 are non-Koreans and 'probably most of ttie 20 are Americans. Meanwhile, Indian troops guarding anti-Red Chinese and YNorth Korenns squelchedijnary buk,«n»Il outbursts among the 1,800 CBjnese being handed bVer Monday. * The POWs hurled rocks and insults at Communist observers watching outside, but the crack Indian soldiers mov«d into the stockades and quieted the shouting, fist- swining captives. Monday's shipment brought the total of POWs already in the demilitarized zone to almost 5,000 Chinese and 1,000 North Koreans. In all, about 14,700 Chinese and 8,000 North Koreans will be held under Indian guardianship to hear explanations why they should return home and wait'while the political conference tries to work out their fate. Chinese Balk It the problem isn't settled by about Jan. 25, 1954, those remain- Ing will be freed as civilians. The first 2SO Chinese being brought to the demilitarized zone Monday morning balked at being separated from 250 others who accompanied them. However, the Indian camp commander, Maj. Gen. S. P. p. Thorat, gave them 15 minutes to move in. The prisoners entered the compound quickly. Thorat explained he felt he did lot have enough men to control any outburst of trouble in a group of 500. Only about half the 5.000 Indian soldiers who will guard the POWs are In the neutral zone. The •est were expected to arrive by :ept. 25 Thorat Warned Red and Allied observers and representatives of the overseeing five-nation repatriation commission to move away fromithe barbed wire enclosure. "Gentlemen, me temper of these men is not too good," he warned. - "I advise you to stand back. If a stone comes your way I advise you to catch it but I don't think that will happen." Indian troops picked up many stones In ihe area before the prisoners entered. Tatoos for Freedom Some prisoners spat and shouted at Communist observers who took the epithets without any display of See POWs on I'ajre 5 Weather ARKANSAS—Pair this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday; no important temperature cnange. MISSOURI — Fair tonight and Tuesday with increasing cloudiness extreme southwest Tuesday, Maximum Saturday—89. Minimum Saturday—65. Maximum yesterday—35. Minimum ye.sterday—35. Sunrise tomorrow—5:43. Sunset today—6:09. Precipitation last 2-1 hours to 6.30 p. m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between ilgh and low)—70, Precipitation Jfin. 1 to dnts~33.79. This Date Last Year Minimum yesterday—70. Maximum yffst,erday—89. Precipitation January I W date— 7.24.