THE UPPER MOINES: ALGONA, IOWA, SPECIALTY FARMHTG. PRACTICAL SEED TEST. A Vefry Simple Operation Which He- qntreB Absolutely No BxpenAl- • tare ot Money. Testing seeds on the farm is such a highly satisfactory practice that, having,tried) it once by a good method, it is likely to become an established 1 feature. Nothing can be more vexatious than to carefully manure and prepare a piece of ground for some particular crop, plant the seed just at the right time and in the right manner, and then, after wait- ling a reasonable time finally discover that poor seed has been procured in the beginning and that only a part of it has come up. Experience like this can be avoided by seed testing, which is in reality a very simple thing, and requires absolutely no outlay of money. •In the first place, seed should be procured early in the season, to allow plenty of time to return it and procure other seed, in, case it is- found) to be poor. It Brat** Constaaitly on 6l the Soil Wltnoni i»e*inlt- tingr Renovation. Specialty farming means devoting the larger part of the time to the production of one crop. This crop may be wheat, corn or cotton and there are large sections in this- country devoted almost wholly to one or another of these crops. One year's failure of the special crop of any of these sections means serious inconvenience to farmers, and a failure for two or. more suc- 0»LV A QtJARf ERBACfc Me Looked Like te Btifle, Bttt When fee Lifted Something came GLIMPSE AT tt Po»ie««efc Soine Featn*** t» Those ot * Sinall Com* inanity. FIG; 1—SEED PAN. All the apparatus necessary f or ordinary testing of the germinating powers of needs is a tin pan, like a cake pan or bread pan, a little cotton cloth or sheeting and a dozen or so sticks, long enough to reach across the short way of the pan, as shown in the accompanying cuts. A couple of little headless brads can be driven into each stick,, which latter should have square edges so as to rest .steadily on the pan, and on these pins pieces of the cloth can'be hooked at the four corners. These cloths' or bags shouldi have a strip sewed at the bottom which will reach to the bottom of the pan, while the bag itself, in the bottom of which are placed the seeds, is midway the depth of the pan. Water Bhould be placed) in the pan, but not enough to reach the seeds; they will be moistened by water drawn up by the lower strip or wick., See Figs. 1 and 2. The pan should be kept in a temperature as even as possible, ranging from 66 to 85 degrees. Only one kind of seed should be placed in each bag, and a certain number of these seeds should be counted out when BO placed andarec- cessive years leads to ruin. From the orange groves of Florida and the cane lands of Louisiana to the wheat fields of North Dakota the specialty farmer is liable to work without profit because of barren years or low prices. It is true that each section is better for some one crop than for any other, and it is good policy to devote a considerable part of the time and the farm to that crop. The good farmer will endeavor to learn, which crop is the most profitable, and that having been settled he will try to learn everything that is to be known about that particular crop. At the same time he will learn something concerning every other crop which he can grow, in order that he may diversify his productions as much as possible. Specialty farming is always destructive farming, as it makes a rotation of crops impossible and draws constantly on the fertility of the soil without permitting renovation except by the direct application of fertilizers, a costly way of maintaing fertility, no matter what is used for this purpose. The farmer who plants a variety of crops, keeps sheep, cattle and hogs and takes good care of everything, is al- wtfys ready for any season or any peculiar condition of the markets. He may not have any especially fat years, but he will never have total loss to contend with and on the whole will have greater profits and fewer losses.— Farmers' Voice. The old sayitig that "appearances'are deceptive" was very tritely exemplified one night recently, says th« Philadelphia Times. Owing to the delay caused by the snowfall, the cars of the Seventeenth street line that run down Chestnut were blocked for some time in the northern part of the city. When the first of a line of ten appeared at the junction, they again found progress impeded. This time it was the switching rail which was frozen tight, and the united efforts of the motormen could not move it. There were not many people in the. cars, but those who were each in turn applied his strength to the switching iron. Even a burly negro of Bfobdignangian proportions failed ignominiously. There remained only one .of the crowd who had not made the attempt, and he was, in the parlance of the srtreet, "a bloomin* dude." He had spent his time in the car attentively chewing the end of his stick and reading the advertisements •with a self-conscious air. He was^like unto the flowers, gorgeously appareled. A long brown paddock coat surmounted an unimpeachable dress suit and a large bunch of violets dangled from his buttonhole. He got off and gazed dreamily at the proceedings. When the negro failed, divesting himself of the long coat, he threw it to a motorman, and, grabbing the iron with apparent' ease, he forced back the rail and held it calmly in place while the seven cars passed over it. Then for the first time the people noticed an unlooked-for breadth of shoulders and depth of chest. "Say, mister, ain't you Sandow?" queried a little gamin. "Not quite," laughed the dude. "I only played quarter for Yale a couple of years," which again goes to prove that appearances are not only deceitful, but untruthful. E. P. KEITS. Vice PftKfOent, M. SOHENOK, S&retttry, J t TV. WADSWORTS, o. it. OSAS. WOOSTBR, a. s. AJf&vs, "It would surprise an, outsider to know how much a great retail store f e- eembles a town," remarked a clerk in such an establishment, reports the New Orleans Times-Oemocrat. "It has all the familiar characters- of a small community and all of its gossip, its circles and inner circles, and. it% class distinctions. In a modern department house you will find certain social leaders and their regulation system of satellites, all fully developed. There will be. one group that goes in. for frivolity, and another group that goes in for literature and art, and people who are plotting and scheming to get into this set or that, just as they do in the outer world. It is very quaintand amusing. One em- ploye Will have a great reputation as a wit and another is spoken of as- a remarkable musical genius>; certain sections of tire establishment will be regarded as aristocratic, while others are looked upon as 1 rather plebeian. In short, the store is a little municipality within itself, and its people are curiously isolated from the outside public. They revolve in their own. particular orbits, the gossip that flies about the place deals with the people inside its walls, and they care very little for any other news. Their feeling toward another establishment is a good deal like the feeling between two rival towns, and the other folks in the city are all more or less aliens and outlanders. It's a very curious life, and has to be seen from tire inside to be fully understood. Zola, tried to paint it in one of his novels, but he missed it by miles." The Farmers' Milling Co, \IffOORPORAtEt>,} OWNERS AND OPfiRAfdftS OP THE a ... w. ALQONA EOfcLEB MILLS, Highest cash price paid for good wheat. Iowa. Give the new company a trial. We can and will do as well % you as an? null In /. JB. JlOflVS, General Manager. DAILY EXCXTKSIONS TO Through first-class and Tourist Sleeping Cars to points in California and Oregon every day in the year via the Chicago, Union Pacific and Northwestern Line,' PERSOI1LLY HOMES IN MANILA. How People I*lv« In Uncle Sum'* Newly Acquired A*ln.tlo Territory- ANCHORING POSTS. An Important Item In tlie Construction of Durable and Satisfactory Wire Fences. The great secret of getting a satisfactory "stand" of wire fence is to have the end and corner posts most firmly braced. There are various methods— with wooden braces, making a sort of truss between the end and the neighboring posts, as well as by wires anchored to huge Bowlders sunk in the ground outside the corner. There is WOMEN OUTLAWS. Young Amazon* of Kurdistan Tnlto to the Road as Brigands. Lowest ZRa/tes- Shortest TIaaae on :Road.. Finest Scenery. tlie FIG. 2-BAG FOR SEEDS. ord kept on an accompanying slip. After the seeds have been given sufficient time to sprout, they should be counted and the percentage of the good seed reckoned. The work takes comparatively little time, and will be found very interesting. For insrtance, take a test of clover seed; in extracting a sample, the seedl should be thoroughly mixed and stirred and then a pinch taken at random and, say, 50 or 10,0 seeds counted'out and' placed in the bag, where they may remain for ten days. Many of them, however, will tiprout before the expiration of, that period and these should be removed and a record kept of them. . Some seeds of course start more easily than other kinds. The following periods may be stated ae the limits required for the germination of good seed of the kinds named: For cereals, peas, beans, vetches, eunflower, buckwheat, clover, corn and cow peas, ten days; for serra- della, beet balls, rye grasses,, timothy, tobacco, Lespedeza and other field and vegetable seeds not named, 14 days; grass seeds are slow to start, and* for ail grasses except rye grass and- timothy, from 20 to 28 days may be required. Kentucky bluegrass and Bermuda grass are very slow to start. The periods recommended are those adopted by the United States department of agriculture in its seed tests. If the seed* are good and fresh, most of them will sprout in less than half the time allowed for the test. It is essential, of course, to se'e that there is never a lack of moisture for the seeds, and that. the cloths are never allowed to become dry. It is also advisable to soak the seeds during the first ten hours by put- ing enough water in the pan to touch the bottoms of the bags; this will hasten the germinating process, but too much wetting will tend to spoil the seeds.—Guy, E. Mitchell, in Ohio Farmer. Buckwheat and Kafflr Corn. I find buckwheat one of the best whole grain foods for hens. They never become cloyed on it, and it is a great egg-producing- grain. In experimente made in feeding during the pas* winter, where the evening feed had been wholly of corn, I found that the substitution of buckwheat materially «"- HOW TO ANCHOR POSTS. considerable work and more or less uncertainty in these plans, while the one suggested herewith is easily put in force and makes a very firm corner. Stones are piled up against the post as shown—-in both directions, or at right angles if the post be at a corner. Where stonesi are plenty, as they are all through the northern and eastern states, such a corner can quickly be established.—-Orange Judd Farmer. FACTS FOR FARMERS. Farm fewer acres and rent the balance of t/he farm. Sawdust is a good absorbent when used as bedding. Barley will grow wherever wheat will, and is less liable to rust than wheat. ] It is claimed that artichokes are a good conditioner and preventive of swine disease. Chicago commission men keep owls to keep rats and mice away. They are better than cats, it is said. Winter time affords an opportunity to make repairs of implements and machinery for next season's use. With a homemade wooden smowplow and a horse all the walks about the house could be cleaned of snow in a few minutes. Grow plenty of grass and keep all the stock that it will support. Farmers who have made money usually have made it through live stock. The wind that comes -through a crack in window or door is biting cold in winter and it is just as cold where it comes • through the crack of the stable.—Western Plowman. The Kurdish women are also devoted to an outdoor life. Quite as enterpris ing and indefatigable as the men in their race, they are ever on the alert, ready to leap to the saddle, where, though not graceful riders, they are at home and able to keep up with the men in their adventurous wanderings, says the New York Tribune. , A recent traveler in Kurdistan tells of meeting a girl of the Bulbassi wibe who had just killed with a spear a Turk who insulted her. This young Amazon was dressed like a man and served the chief, Fazullah Effendi, as his faithful henchman, folio wing him in all his wanderings. The women of this tribe are all particularly hardy and intrepid. Frequently they take to the road by themselves as brigands, and luckless indeed is.the traveler or trader who falls into their hands. Not content with robbing him, they pinch,'scourge and scratch him. When a girl is born in Montenegro the mother says to her: "I do not wish thee beauty, but courage; heroism alone gains the love of men." And courage, they possess in abundance. While their husbands are away on excursions the women in the intervals of caring for the fields and flocks, take to the road and do a little looting on their own account, IN THE BERMUDAS. There Is a Pl»Bue of Cats and Sparrows and Too Many Worthless Ours. The better houses in, Manila differ in some ways from any other in the world. Always of two stories, there is a high Btone basement, with a carriage way to the, court, where ore the servants' quarters and domestic offices. The upper story is of wood, being complete in itself, so that in case of an earthquake it will settle together. The ceilings are covered with cloth instead of plaster. A wide stairway leads up from the carriage way. Between three and four feet above the floor of this story is a wide window ledge with, grooves running the whole length of every side. In these grooves slide blinds and also frames in which ore set small squares of oyster shell (called "conchas"). Both blinds and conchas run the full length of each side. Either or both can b'e closed at the same time, and both can be slid back to the width of one at each end, leaving tlie whole side open, and allowing the air to circulate as freely as in a shed. The roofs were formerly made of heavy curved tiles. Now galvanized iron is used, as it vastly decreases the chance of the roof falling during an earthquake, and lessens the damage if it does. On the other hand the iron roof is much more likely to be blown off by the terrible typhoons. The native houses are built of bamboo, with thatched roofs made of the leal of the nipa, palm and elevated from six to ten feet on bamboo poles. Only route by which you can leave home any day in the week .and, travel in tourist cars on fastest trains all the way. ; For pamphlets and information inquire of nearest agent. Chicago &'Northwestern Railway, •FINANCIAL. Kossuth County State Bank, from tliu old countr sold. Collar tickets to or ; lowest rates. : T. CHKISCHIIJ-ES, Vice Pros; LEWIS H. SMITH. John G. Smith, J. B. Jones, T. Ohrlschllles, Lewis H. Smith, J. W."wadBw'orthriiarnetTaevihe. • . • ;.._^1__^_ First National Bank of Algona. CAPITAL 860,001 iiTimnait A flATT. • • .President I WM. K. FERGUSON..., D H Hmomtfl'.:::::'..'.".'..'...v^Prc.tiamt \ OHAS. A. PALMER.... Dlreotors-D. H. Hutohlns, S. A. Ferguson, Philip Dorweller, F. H. Vesper, 1 M^eV^iwayTornanrto^oan'a^reaHonable rates to parties furnishing flrst-class security Special attention given to collections. , ' , .._ Caslner .... Assistant GasMer Ambrose A.' USED HIS BEST FRENCH. ~y Officers and 'Directors— A. D. Clarlto, Prosldout, C. C. Chubb, Vice Prest., ThoB. H. Lantry, Cashier, Goo. L. Galbralth, Fred. M. Miller. Myron Schenolc, Thos. F. Cooke. CASH CAPITAL. 85<>.<» • General Banking. •:. PRIVATE SAFETY DEPOSIT VA ( ( /. ^"Interest paid on time depoBlta. ,, But Tliere In Some Douht a» Whether Mon»l«ur 'Blonvel Understood Him. to increased the e^g yield. Kaffir corn is a grain that shpuld receive more atten-1 co a e e pot. tion from poultrymen. While ita nutritive value i^ about the same as that of Indian corn, it is relished much better by fowl* tod seems to produce more eggs. Where one raises his own SluU« lor Farm Kitchens, Every farmer's kitchen shouldbefur- nished with a sink, into which both hard and soft water should be brought by pumps. It is not always convenient to have the well water thus brought, but there is no reason why the cistern water should not be. Tie sink" should connect with a drain for the carrying away of waste water. If water must be brought into the house in pails, it surely is too much to ask that it be carried out in the same manner and thrown on the ground to make a spot offensive to sight and smell and a breeding place for flies. At one end of the sink a long, broad shelf makes a good place to put dishes asithey are wiped, and under this should be drawers for dish wipers and kitchen aprons, and a cupboard for teapot and People arrivinginNewYorkfromBer- muda say that the island is overrun by cats and sparrows. The nuisance of the plague has even been discussed in the colonial legislature at Hamilton. Visitors from the United States seeking the balmy climate of Bermuda are complaining especially of the "cat gangs" which nightly disturb their sleep, says the New York Journal. When the dog tax bill came up before the legislature, Dr. T. A. Outerbridge, one of the members of,the council, proposed an amendment. In doing so he said: "I should like to see the bill recast and a heavier tax put upon dogs, because we have too many worthless curs in Bermuda. I should .also like to see a tax put upon cats. You may^ laugh, but if there is any useless animal in this world it is a cat. Cats may be of some use in some countries, but they are of no use here. They do not kill rats. They do 'destroy our native birds. "I have not seen a bluebird in six weeks, and there ought to be plenty of them here now from America. I have not seen one this year, and before long all our native birds will be exterminated—between the cats and the sparrows." It was at the recent DeMonvel reception in Chicago, and one of the couples standing in line didn't know enough of Frenoh between them to put at the head of a menu card. The young man couldn't even say. "Hang it!" in, any other tongue tban his own, and the young woman was earnestly endeavoring to share the few scattered phrases •from the language of Cyrano and De Jlonvel which she had painstakingly acquired for the occasion^ with him. "Bon soir, M. Monvel," she patiently •and persistently instructed him to say; "un affaire tres charmante," and to this the young fellow consented, albeit with much reluctance and not a little grumbling. "I'll bet it would do every bit as well if I remarked 'E pluribus unum' or 'auf wiedersehen,' " he complained, as they drew near to the great man, and when they stood in front of this magnificent personage his companion nearly fainted. The young inan's confidence and self-assurance had deserted him entirely, and "Good evening, Mr. Monsieur; e pluribus unum," was what he really said. Corn is King W. H. Reed And Goddard'.s Silver King is King of Corn- Profit and satisfaction will follow if you buy and plant our reliable fire-dried seed corn. It is not merely an experiment, but'an established fact. We will send descriptive price list that will.tell you all about it. Ask for it. The following merchants will take your order for seed ; or you can send direct to us at Fort Atkinson, Iowa. E. J. Gilmore, Algona, Iowa. Grove & Son, Algona, Iowa. | E. A. E. Laage, Sexton, Iowa. F. Keopke, Burt,.Iowa. John Nemmers & Son, Bancroft, Iowa. Respectfully, (Successor to John Oonin') the best to be h'td in thu way of up- to-date, fine . besides everything, that can be .desired in plain and.ornainental Picture Frames, Mouldings and.goods that are required-for beautifying and ornamenting the home.' • A specialty made of grain,: I prefer to feed both buckwheat and Kaffir corn, unthreshed, as working *t out ot the- straw gives the hens exercise.—L. •:». Keyser, in Beliable Poultry Journal. . A01 things considered'•»' il cheaper to Fertilizing; Sons The first object sought in fertilizing should be to correct the acidity of the soil and to set up the processes of de- omposition of the organic matter and . i . _ .. __j.— « ^-w*-rrfii+4- -fin a ?TT,PT*T. nitrification so as to convert toe inert into valuable plant food. Liberal applications of decomposing manwes, such as barnyard manure, in oopnectiow with dressing-s of lime, have usually been found effective for this purpose.— Hair RalBea on End. An eminent medical man, whose treatises on human hair have attracted much notice, among many other striking statements as lo woman's chief beauty, remarked that <1 briS'tUng,"'whe» used in speaking of the human hair, is not a figure. The hair is subject to and influenced by almost every passion of the human mind,, arid emotional hair, of which he has treated especially, he claims is quite common. Hair looks, feels and falls differently when a person is in sorrow, joy, surprise or dejection. After a day or two of deep mental study or violent bodily exercise, a most visible difference may be detected by a practiced observer. The day is fated to come, he maintains, when this coloring in the hair will bea valuable aid in identification. Provide* OJbnlr* fay Soldier*. The Haytian government is -considerate cf the comfort of soldiers. Every •picket' ie supplied with a chair. Animal Evlonrea, In its stories of animal life the Strand Magazine tells of an old sheep dog that was used to keep foxes away from a chicken farm and who did it successfully. Nevertheless the chickens would disappear. Out of a brood oi 25 there would be left only three. The dog was at last, suspected, but as he would permit the chickens to climb all over him this was considered a libel. But close watching showed that early in the morning when none but chickens were astir, of which the dog would make sure by listening at the house doors and looking up at the windows, he would turn to and treat himself to good square meal of chicken. Another story is of a horse thai, having been treated to bread at a 6ustomer'p once or twice, would, when he had a chance, cross the sidewalk and with his mouth hammer the brass knocker on the door until his wants were attended to. A Great Cat Town. There are said to be 400,000 cats in London, of which half are "unattached," and live largely on refuse. Jn one district near a very large and fa mous brewery a number of ownerles oats go regularly as soqn as the gate are open to hunt f pr rats in the Ijrew ^ry stores. •'•-.' I. J. H. L. Goddard, FORT ATKINSON, IOWA. W. H. LACY can furnish you low prices on with prices always point. at the satisfactory W. H, REED, also all UlndB of mill stuff, and Coal. >o your weighing on our city scales Opposite Hotel Tennant. HUHGERFORD & BAILEY, Dress Making Parlors. Over E. J. GUmore's store. CUTTI AND FITTING LOOK TO YOUB y, • S?53?S Opthalmlic Optlojan. STRICTLY UP TO DATE. WATER OU if BO you tent optlolau, wltfi Uw> Ifttes o * '
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