TH£ UPPER, DES ;• IOWA. U Ki>A r,SDA \ , MARCH 1, i«$»9. Buy a Piano ^^ On the Monthly Installment Plan, We are selling first-class makes of Pianos, Organs, and Sewing Machines on very easy terms, payable in monthly installments. If you are in the market for anything of the kind, see what we can do for you before you buy. We will Take Your Old Sewing Machine or instrument in exchange for a new one, and allow you a right price. Rooms in rear of Simpson shoe store, Algona, Iowa. O. L. Tf\YLOR. SHIPS SAVED AT SEA, WHAT IS MEANt BY "SALVAGE" AND HOW It IS PAID. Thefo I* NA Lftvr Thnl Slsmnls of E>t&- trcoA nt Son Mw*« He Mceilcil— i'nli- llc Opinion Alone Bn forced Reto Cfttlft For Help. In all the latest novelties at The Big Depart Store. John Goeders. Suits. We have our new spring goods now in. They include the handsomest patterns to be had, and we make Suits to order at remarkably low prices. See what we can do for you. The suitings are especially fine in Fancy Worsteds; never before have we been able to offer any so handsome. Also have PANTS GOODS that are all of very stylish pattern. You should see our light-weight goods for Spring Overcoats. They make up very nice. If you need an overcoat let us show you our line. Madson & Hanson, The Tailors. A. GILMOUR, President, K. P. KBITS. Vice President, Jf. SOHENOK, Secretary, J. W. WADS WORTH, JTeasurer. DIRECTORS: r; uIKS ' WANK DEVINE, OI1AS. WO08TJ3JI, S. UTEUSSY. G. S. ANOUS, J. E. STAOY. The Farmers' Milling Co, \TNOOHPOKATKD.} ^* OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF THE ALGONA ROLLER MILLS. ^^ a Specialty. . lgl G e « We oau ™* "«' d ° « well by you as any m.U in /. li. HOFIU8, General Manager. FINANCIAL. Kossuth County State Bank, , $50,000. s First National Bank of Algona. AUBKOSE A. OALL 9. DAPJTAI, .............................. 150,000 «' A. ^^ f atea to P ftrtl * B flrat-cus, security. ;. , f hpj/p, J^antry, 0»8Wj9r, • CASH CAPITAL, 150,000. General Banking WWD w«rjr wow t paid on time deposits. <A Salvage oti ships saved nt sea by others iu tbe majority of cnses is paid by the tinderwriterR, although the big steamship companies iusnre themselves. The insnrance companies think that a board of arbitration can more satisfactorily adjust salvage claims than can the conrts. The v.nrrl salvage, as defined ! y that celebrul;d admiralty nutliori! v, Boscoe, is "tlio reward which is earn til by those who have voluntarily saved cr assisted in sa\ njj,'a ship or boat or their appnrel or any sort thereof or the lives of persons at sen or a t-hip, cargo or any part thereof, from jieiil or a wreck from total IOKH. " Tho last part of tuo definition is a triflo puzzling. In discussing the merits of salvage capes it must bo remembered that there is no obligation, written or implied, upon the master or crow of any vessel to heed signals of distress. Public opinion alone enforces the idea that "a call for help at sea must be obeyed." The laws of salvage are merely framed to encourage the saving of life and property ou the deep. There is avarice iu the mariner as iu Inudsiceii/ and the laws are made to overcome and curb these mercenary ambitions. For that reason a master and his crew cannot expect salvage for saving their own vessel. It is the natural assumption in law, as well as in fact, that they must do everything they cau to preserve their charge and under au agreement with the owners keep it from dauger whenever possible. In salvage ono of the first laws is that the peril must be actual. The bargain made in time of danger by the master or agent of the imperiled craft with another volunteering aid need not, of necessity hold iu court, and generally does not. Asa rule the bargain is exorbitant and made at a time when the victim would be willing to guarantee the payment of millions for proffered assistance. This point has been decided hundreds of times, the courts taking the stand that the peril made an exorbitant bargain necessary. As a general thing, the salvage award is equal to about one-third the value in the case of sailing oraft and from one-third to oue-half in the case of steamers. The owners of the salving craft, whose money was wasted by delay, wear and tear, are of course entitled to the bigger piece of the plum. The master of the salvor gets about twice the sum that hia mate receives, and the mate is paid something like double the amount of each sailor. Should the latter have been a member of a lifeboat crew need iu running hawsers or iu going aboard as a prize orew be and his mates are entitled to au extra oompeusatiou. Naval officers cannot claim salvage wueu the work accomplished is iu the direct line of their duty. Iu the case of a abandoned vessel there is a peculiar lasv as applied to ownership. No matter where the derelict be found and towed or assisted iu by a prize crew or otherwise the court holds that she ia still the property of her original owners, although abandoned by her orew, their agents, and that no effort has beeu made by them to recover her. It eouuds peculiar to the average mariner, but it's the law. To make a successful salvage claim it .is necessary that the property must be actually saved and saved by those claiming to be salvors. In other words, the salvage services must bo rendered by persons uot bound by contract to render them. If the mariner or other encounters the danger or misfortune or damage which might possibly expose the ship to destruction unless assistance is rendered and does all he can to save tbe vessel, and his services tend in some degree to save or preserve her, compensation will be awarded him, although the vessel is mainly preserved by other means. The longest time that any one steam er has been at eea with disabled machinery before reaching port was 77 days. This was the United States corvette Iroquois in 1890. She was bound to Samoa from Honolulu, and had only seven days' rations left when port was reached. In 1897 the steamer Indralema was towed into St. Thomas after having been at sea for 47 days. The Glasgow Bteamer Strathuess, after drifting 83 days out of the range of steamers, was towed into St. Michael's in January, 1897, by the British steamer Hannab M. Bell. Another Strath, the Strathnevis, drifted helplessly on the Pacific for two mouths and over in 1895, and was finally towed into Pnget sound. The Disptach iu 1864 was out 61 days with crippled machinery, aud four years ago the British cruiser Oa- lypso broke down 3,000 miles from port and sailed in unaided, much to tbe de light of the dwindling band of naval experts who maintain that every warship ought to be provided with ample Bail power. Tbe owners of those ships that were obliged to drift for weeks, and in several cases for mouths, would not have found fault with the question of salvage bad a helping baud come along— at least there would have been no complaint just then.— New York Mail and Express. fto-ft ifnpnnene Woo. Japan is a long way off, and this Charming story of how courtships are carried on among tbe elite of their society comes to us from this faraway land. In certain districts, in houses wherein resides a daughter of marriageable age, an empty flowerpot is enuir- oled by a string and suspended from a Window or the vernnda. Instead of serenades by moonlight and other delicate ways of making an impression, it is etiquette for the Japanese lover to ap proach the dwelling of his sweetheart bearing some choice plant in his baud, which he reverently proceeds to plant in the empty vase. This takes place when be is fully aware that mother and daughter are at name. This act of placing a plant in the flowerpot is equivalent to a formal proposal to the lady of his choice. Tbn lover, having settled the plant tu his mind, retires, and the lady is free^ to act as she pleases. If he is the right man, she takes every care of his gift, waters it and tends it carefully with her own hands, that all may see ttuil, the donor is accepted as a suitor. Bnt if he is not tbe favorite, or if the stern parents object, the poor plant is torn from the vase and the next morning lien limp and withered on the veranda or in the path below. StiperistUioiiN. Mr. Elbert Hubbard, speaking of Meisi-onier in The Philistine, says that the temperament of the painters' mother "was poetic, religious aud her spirit had in it a touch of superstition—which is the case with all really excellent women." Mr. Hubbard is right. A child cannot be handicapped more severely than by a mathematically precise, "clear headed," well informed, unimaginative mother. There arc wretched households in which fairy stories are tabooed as "absurd," in which the "Arabian Nights" is pooh poohed, in which primers of science are forced upon little hands in which there is no Santa Olaus, no stork, no werewolf, no goblin. A superstitious mother sees signs and omens for her children. To find her throwing spilled salt over her shoulder or looking anxiously for the favoring position of the new moon is a more agreeable sight than to discover her in the act of teaching indisputable facts. We entertain a profound pity for men who sneer at old wives' fables. The testimony, the deepest feeling of the centuries, is against the scoffers and with them we do not care to clink glasses or do business.—Boston Journal. SHE GOT HIM BACK. Hot* the Dog:'* Ml«tre*» Retained tier P«t Spaniel. When Mrs, Marie Nevins Elaine was married to Dr. W. T. Bull, her pet spaniel, Lion, was banished. After the couple had been married a year Mrs. Bull persuaded her husband to let Lion return for a week, promising to keep him in the stable. Three days of Lion's visit had passed when as Dr. Bull was taking off' hia overcoat iu his office there came a rap at the inner door. It was so faint .that at first he did not notice it. Then when it Was repeated he said, "Come in." No one came, but the rapping went on. He opened the door, and there stood Lion. He had been knocking the door with a little wooden box he held in his mouth, addressed to Dr. Bull. Tbe doctor took the box, and Lion, too polite to intrude, turned and walked in a dignified manner back up stairs. The doctor opened the box and read the tiny note contained therein, smiled and threw it in the scrapbasket. The next day Lion knocked and left another note. The third time he came there was a reply for him. Tho doctor said, "Lion, wait." He took the box, abstracted the note, put one of his own in its place, and handing the box back to the dog gave him a pat and sent him up stairs. Here is a copy of Lion's notes and the reply they finally elicited: DHAII DOCTOH—I nm enjoying my visit to my mistress very much. It was very kind of you to Invite me hero, and I have tried to bohnve the best I know how. It will be hard to lenvo my mistress again. I wish you would like mo n little bit. LION. The letter which Lion carried back to bis mistress read: . LION—You aro stich a respectable, well bred fellow that your visit is extended indefinitely W. T. B —Boston Journal. SAMSON & PAINE, DEALERS IN We pay the very highest prices for all kinds of grain, sell ground feed, which we deliver to any part of the city, and sell and deliver hard and soft coal at lowest prices. JSfLc'ave orders at Samson's abstract office In Dpi ra House block. The Red Elevator, C. & N. W. depot, Phone H. ALGONA. MOIST WEATHER. HorNCNlioes. In Japan most of the horses are shod with sti-aw. Even the clumsiest of cart horses wear straw shoes, which, in their oases, are tied around the ankle with straw rope and are made of the ordinary rice straw, braided so as to form a sole for the foot about half an inch thick. These soles cost about a halfpenny a pair. In Iceland horses are shod with sheep's horn. In discussing' this subject a writer in The Horse- j sho'er's Journal says: In the valley of the Upper Oxus the antlers of the! mountain deer are used for the same I purpose, the shoes being fastened with horn pins. In tbe Sudan the horses are shod with socks made of camel's skin. I In Australia horseshoes are made of cowhide. A German not long ago invented a horseshoe of paper, prepared by saturating with oil, turpentine and other ingredients. Thin layers of such paper are glued to the hoof till the re quisite thickness is attained, and the shoes thus made are durable and im penetrable by moisture. of Helpmate*. I was driving through one of the beet farming districts in western Ontario a few years ago. I expressed my admiration. "Yes," gti4 my companion, who knew the country thoroughly, "nearly All the farmers around here have second wives." "Why?" was my surprised inquiry. "Oh," he answered, "they killed their first w |y e » waWn the Penh Luiulor's Retort at School. One day in full school Master Laii- dor bad an apple of singular size and beauty. He had his Livy in one hanc and this apple in the other and reac and read and munched and munched till the sound struck the doctor. He espied the delinquent and ordered him to bring that apple to him. He put it on his desk, ooram populo, and then, half relenting, said: "There, uir. Now, if you want that again you had better go and sit down and make me a short line on the occasion." "Oh, I can do that and stand here," says Master Landor. "Do it then." The boy thought a moment, and soon obliged him with a pentameter, "Esnriens doctor duloia poma rapit," " Hum 1" says Dr. James. "And pray, sir, what do you mean by e-su-rieus doctor?" "The gormandizing doctor." "Take it, sir. You are too hard for me, you are too hard for me," said the doctor, delighted with his pupil.— "Rouse's History of Rugby School." • Chinese Back Scrateher. No Chinese home is without a back seratober, while, many there be in otherwise happy American households who do not know its joys. Therefore are they compelled to bitch around on chairs to dislodge the itch. The oriental does better. He shoves down his back an instrument which has a carved bone or ivory hand with sharp claws. This is mounted on a flexible handle of cane or bone, and with a few pushes the annoyance ceases.—Hong- kong Correspondence, For Bed and Board. It is said that when John Jacob Astor was'once congratulated for his wealth he replied by pointing to the bonds and maps of property, at the same time inquiring, "Would you like to manage these matters for your hed and board?" The man demurred. "Sir," continued the rich oan, "it is all that I can get." . «lrt», Tbenet ' "The JSoutadaJe (J> enn ,) JpurnaJ says: ,"Tbe p^ j^ of the Houtedale girls are Bjewder a«4 4el\Q«jiely tinted, toejr HI are like ***, m $ ^ are withoot w in ^hls or any othei? j. Their frowns fire liko ttt, ttn4 tneij-198460 excite 111 of pleasure and a elesire tpia-T-A— them. Be§d this If ojosely, and do not ? its A Description of a Spell of Humidity on the Wabnsli. "Talking about,rainy weather," said the westerner, "I remember once out In Indianapolis meeting a farmer who took the most cheerful view of dampness of anybody I oversaw. I asked him if they had had much rain down on the Wabash that spring. " ' Well, it has been a little damp,' he answered. 'The day before I left home I had to hang up 24 of iny ducks. They had got so water soaked that they couldn't ewirn any longer. I planted my corn in two feet of water, and I don't expect over 80 bushels to the acre. My wheat is looking pretty well, but the sturgeon and catfish have damaged it considerably. There was about 15 minutes' sunshine one day, and I thought I would plant my potatoes, so I loaded them on a scow and anchored the BOOW in three feet of water, when it began to rain again. " 'I wanted to go down on the bottom lands next the Wabash to see if the grass was growing for my hay crop, but my wife said that as we dirn't have any diving bell she'd rather I -wouldn't. I should feel kind of discouraged with all the rain, but I've spent my odd hours of leisure time—and the even ones, too, on account of staying in out of the wet —building us an ark. If it will only rain another week or.two until I get her ready to sail, I'm going to take my family out to Missouri by water for a trip to visit our folks that moved off out there because they didn't know enough to stay in a place where they were comfortable.'"—Boston Transcript. His Concern. A commercial traveler on his trip called upon a well known chemist. He was nervous us he put his hand in his pocket and handed out a card. "I represent that concern," said the young man. "You are fortunate," replied the chemist. The commercial traveler was encouraged and said : "I think so, sir, and the chemist who trades with us is even more so. My firm has the finest line of cosmetics in the country." "I shouldn't have thought it," slowly responded the man of medicines. "Her complexion looks natural." And he handed back the photograph which the young man had given him by mistake. He took it and left without waiting to make any farewell remarks. —London Sketch. WOOD I am prepared to furnish Green or Dry BODY WOOI either 4-foot or stove length, hard or soft, iu any quantity desired. ee me before ordering. I am not in company with anybody in the wood business. PETER WINKEL. For Sale Three Stallions First Come and see them. J. L. Suttoti, ALGONA, IA. PROFESSIONAL. ~*~ f ~*~^*>^-^V^~r*^~^r^^^ l r^ r ^^ r ^ f ^^ f ^ CLARKE & COHENOUR, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office over First National bank, Algona, la. E. H. CLARKE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Collection agent. Boston block. DANSON & BUTLER, LAW. LOANS. LAND. Collections a specialty. Office over Galbrajth's. WornUip of tbe Tiger. The carcass of the tiger was carried to the adjacent village, where a hen was decapitated iu front of it by the Gonds as an offering to the tiger god, while all the women assembled and did obeisance to tbe monster, bringing also their children, and placing each a small coin on the tiger's body or in front of Its jaws; for these primitive people look on the tiger as their god, and small marvel seeing what a wondrous creature he is, with matchless symmetry of form and mighty strength, before Which man seems an insignificant puppet.—"Tropics and Snows," by Burton. Why She Wai Sad. It was in a little out of the way place in the country, and as the recent arrival passed some asked who she was. "She is H society woman who has been wishing for the last ten years that she could get away from the trials and, anxieties and bores anjfl superficiality of society," was the answer. "But why is she so eacj?" "Because at last she has got away from them. "<—Chicago Post. The seeds of the Ph.ijippine bean from the coast near Manila so closely repem- i)Je the quartz pebbles, among which ihey fall, in shape, size and color, Juster, hardiness and stratification as to je almost indistinguishable. The first gold coin called a sovereign was coined iu the reiga pf Henry vijj. Ffae present sovereign, as current at 80 ihjJUugs, was first issued in 16J?. SULLIVAN & McMAHON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office In Hoxle-Ferguson bljck. E. V, SWETTING, ATTONEY AT LAW, Algona, Iowa. J. O. RAYMOND. E . c> HAYMOJ , D Raymond & Raymond, ATTORNEYS A,T LA W, Office over Durdall's store, Algona, Iowa. FREDERICK M. CURTISS, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office over Kossuth County State Bank, Algona, Iowa. ——^——— _ B. F. REED, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office: South rooms over Durdall's store, Algona, Iowa. F, L. TRIBON, M. D., Homeopathic. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Omce and H. C. McCOY, M. D., PffYSICIAN AND Office at residence, McGregor street. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Algona, J. KENEFICK PffYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office and residence over Taylor's """" - ~~ - DR. MARGARET E. COLES, Homeopathic PHysieiw ana s ' Office and residence m Boston Block, ' ALGOWA. IOWA DENTIST] 4. J,, $f8T p. D.
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