The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 8, 1899 · Page 8
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, February 8, 1899
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OTIS t>M8 MOINE8: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, J^BKtJABY '3, 1899. BOOKKEEPING B, C. Of Clay tidcorna ot Bn»U ~b««* Tt*ui*Jtctlon», Temp. Dntlrift tf. ! At) American archaeological estpedl- , ' tion efccav&ting at Nippur discovered recently in a room 20 feet below the ', " 'surface* some ?3d clay' tablets, the bud' i ness records of a rich firm of ihef- ,', tenants. ,tfinrashu feons. These documents are dated In the reigns of Artax- • ' erxes I. (4M-424 fi, C.) and Darius II. (423-405 ». C.). The tablets are of various sizes, som'e' resembling the or- flihary cake of •• soap; of commerce. They are' coveted '.with cuneiform - • characters clear and distinct as when the book keeper of Ulurashu inscribed them 2.500 years ago, says the New • York Cpmt'ricrcial'A.d'vertJser. . • Among them ie this guaranty for 20 '," 'years that an emerald is so well set .thai it will not fall out: < '-'•"Bel-ahiddina and Bel-shumu. sons of " Bel, and Hatiri, son of Bazuza, spoke ii uht6 Bel-nadinshnmu. son of Morashu, "tts"foiTovV)s.t.''"',VAs't : oiice)*np:tlie gold ring ^-^etw.ith an emerald, We : guarantee that for- 20 years the emerald will not fall , put- of the ring. If it should fall out '• \- before the: expiration of 20 years Bet '' ' ahiddiha (and the two others) shall v; pay: Id Bel-nadinshum.u an indemnity ?.v.bf iten mana of .silver." . Then follow the names of ten wit.... nese.s and of an, qflicia^who,is described ' "as '"'the scribe of the Concordance of ., Proper Names." The document con' tlUdes with r the ._ thumb-nail marks of |',' ; 'ihe conti 1 ''acting'part'les(;., ! . , ' '• ; -.'There are also leases of various kinds :,;: ancl'.contraets for the">ale.0f sun-dried ••: bricks iand. other merchandise, and for '•'". thVloan of seed corri ahd'oxeh forplow- l"lngyt.-;: . . •___________ IN ANIMALS. A HOSPITAL REMlNtSCENCE, It Tnrncu 1 tint Tnftt Corp. Finn W»« Not So ttend ft* Ho Wtt* Supported id fie. "There was a case of sickness came under my care." says Dr. Doherty. iri Demorest's Magazine, "that had a very bright ending. It was that of Corporal Finn, of the Ninth Massachusetts, tie had been reported dead and buried in Santiago, but, as a matter of fact, he was alive at Monlauk and doing well in the hands of one of my associates. "1 wasin my tent one afternoon when a young man came forward politely and asked- me if 1 could give him the details of his brother's death; the name, he said, was Corporal Finn. " 'Why,' said I. 'Corporal Finn is not dead at all.' "'1 beg your pardon.' he answered, 'but Corporal Finn certainly is dead. ] simply wish to get the facts about him for our family.' " 'I don't see how he can be dead.' said 1. 'when J saw him drinking a bottle of ginger ale not half an hour ago.' " 'Tbat could not have been my brother, madam, for my brother died | at Santiago. The newspapers printed it.' " 'Come with me, and you can judge for yourself,' I said, and led him to my ward. "And we had hardly passed into the tent when a voice called out: 'Hello, Jack.' and there was the corporal sitting up against his pillow, as pleased as could be to see his brother. And the brother promptly fainted away. We had. a lively time with him for an hour or so. but it was all right finally, and in a couple of days they started'home together." AIDS IN BUTCHERING. Instances Wlilch ill«f<r»te This Q.nnl. Ity an lExlutlnK; lii; JJioincHtl- crtted Qtiadrjitpeds. We have seen a small pig, stuck in a V p5 g-Wea ; d i irf'1ts' mouth'a'n.d tried to pull vigh, in .doing,, which, it almost t'^e l s^erei'js'he.a.d,bfl. In anoth- .e. a, ,cpt..deiiberatai|y.. fetched its .^ pwner, to- Rssist; another; cat/ which was v, ,Iying;v;h,elple5s;in!ii-fiti,;iMoreover. do- 11; niX'srtioatedJaniimals -arc to-some extent London Spectator!' There is a good deal of service and .J.jpney.o.le.nce among. ,yeKy Different do- ^estreated ^animals,' es^eVially in the form of protection, sharing of food and •Specifllized> i 'instances in 1 dogs' Or-cats 'htfi'S^aken food to , i co.U'iy;, l doub'tie,ss'"i 1 ^' authenticated, though the. .wrjfer has not wit- ,fl,-x.e$$ed' i a>case; BuMbere'ls'the strangest . of all evidence that th'e'y have a tend•' k en'cy to perform tilj'ege'aiid'. other serv- . ices ^tq^otfyer. animals, Because the do- ..''..'rie'stiQaied creatures. .voluntarily offer these services .: of benevolence to :nan. 1 : 'Tfow''dan"anybne doubt that animals (in , domestication) .are w.illijjg-..tp.. feed each of her,,.w))e,n there, are cart&ali overEng- ,,;.,,land 1 ,and|.Sfio.t]and;jwhich., ; delight in ,' ibringing food as. presents to their own- er.s9-"'We'nee : d ! ;nbt'eo'bn]elc''to the his- tpriQ''.c'a^,.wii,icii ll caugriit'.':a pigeon every i . day ,ahd brought it to its .master when •a prisoner in*the tower:'. ViREIGNS . . . . A Uarreii .Land Whereithe Masculine '-•'•. >>v Will Uuli-B S>ij>rt'riie Over •:',,, ,.-.( ,,„,! ,$WWMX}.< i!ii\ There)i/5 at-lea&tioneii-tiny section of i -tb6'g:lbbe ftVliere^woitiiih''^^ conspicu- .^ous^^b^W^^Om'-sqc^^.and where man reigus supreme, undisturbed by .v.ittle vagaries and' chprices'of iiven a sin" . ; . , •There is only one t'er'ntory of anj' size ''•^ffiTrim-GrKmmmmroiae— occupied by any cpnsidcrablei ipbpulation from wh'icti-'^q'ijtia;! > abs^t^^ excluded. Yet speh'va place exis'te to-'day and' has existed fgg cejituries. rt ^s.^or back as history^^qphe^p^alj tflgaples it has been fprJH'lEen M&|i|la flpMs country " withjjij|!%0meu.;.|p|si4®lwi;on a bold plateau betwee'ir-'the old peninsula of Acte, in the Greddan archipelago, and the mainland^ Here ia ' the midst, of euKiyate,d ,|LeJ)3s..;ajRd- extrusive wood- Iand4,dwellg a! iHOi|astic,-cb4fpderation of "G-re-el- TErfstians, w'ltlf ^3 converts h an.d. ^um]3erj.ng.mpre; thaji,. 7,000 soj.iis, :'Jfoti.ane' of ithe.monastar'i6&.:clat€s from a later time than the twelfth century. A few sol'atef&gMr-dth'Sb'ordersof tJiis land, and no woman is allowed to cross • ::! ti'e H fr6 ! n'ti'e ( r.' Nor'is'th'ls'Wl; the rule is extended to every femaJe creature, and'tfi'oiir'lim'e 'Imme'mbVikl no cow, '"ffia"re7Tie'n,"^ul;Tc"oi > "goose''fia's been permitted to enter this territory. CoiUiiH. When X ,tjbje.idi-Hi^h''.foiccesJ-were marching to Pekln in 1800, after the capture ••6f ; 'th« 3 Taitu' v -f6rts-,"one of the rivers be- that 'ii was'rendered almost impassa- " " '.:•"> While v in' this'quandary a bright " ' -strutik 1 due of our offl- ^.,»-.,. •.. ""iaese"*g'eireraliy"^ordered' their coffins years ^ a|0ucejafl^ t^them i^n the premises, and^fllso" that they are perfectly airtight, he'spppjsnHed with his broker pfficer^, wjtfc the-i-esult that or' >clers WeV&g-ivgn to seoVc^i all the houses ./of 'J'the'' village '^•h(J-'cp!ll^t i '*'very cc-ffln. . . qonstructea a potnooti bridge .4>.»OiB'»^»ua^i»«tJ-y-»M«Qagr'tQ;bef.y the artillery, and the river wa»»th.us' passed A MEDDLING PHONOGRAPH. Hotv the Nolxy Mnclilnc Spoiled a. Profitable Sale for a Philadelphia Jeweler. The board of health is the recipient of many queer complaints, but the one it received the other day from a disgusted and nervously prostrated jeweler of Eighth Hireet is entitled to prominence in a class by itself, says the Philadelphia Record. It seems that the jewelry store is located next door to a phonograph establishment that has for the purpose of attracting passers-by a phonograph going all day long. All kinds of tunes and alleged witty sayings are squeaked forth from early in the morning until late :s night in peculiarly penetrating and nerve destroying tones. At first the machine efforts at. wit amused the jeweler, and he used to laugh heartily at the comicalities, but these were repeated with such deadly persistence that they began to pall, and from being amused the tradesman grew into a negative desperado. One day the climax was reached when a customer, who looked like "ready money," came in to buy a diamond ring. For some reason the machine next door was quiet for awhile, and the jeweler was just on the point of closing a highly profitable sule when the shrill voice of the phonograph began to sing "Get Your Money's Worth." The amazed customer hesitated, and finally told the jeweler he would eall anotherday. This incident was the last straw, and the board of health will look into the matter. OUR PRESIDENTS. The Outlay on Our Chief Executive IN Much LCSN Than That In Any Other Nation. It costs the people of the United States $114,805 a year foi' a chief executive. His salary is $50,000 and "found," as cur western neighbors say. The president's finding is rather comprehensive. covering about every possible requirement of a family. His private secre- tarj', the clerks, doorkeepers, messengers and steward and three other servants cost us $33,805 a year. 'Then there is a contingent fund of $8,000 a year which the president may use according to his discretion. In furniture and repairs to the while house the sum of $10,000 more, to be u.sed by the direction of the president, Is provided by the nation, and is always expended. For fuel alone $3,000 is 'allowed, and for necessary repairs to the greenhouse there is $4,000. Altogether the presidential "finding" annually amounts to the snug sum of $(i4,805, nearly $15,000 a year more than his salary. The two aggregate $114.805. This is an imposing- aggregate, but it is small compared with other presidents. The presidentof the French republic receives as salary $120,000 a year, $32,480 for contingent purposes and a handsome house, rent free. So we get our president rather cheaply, after all. Unfortunate Misapprehension. A story of Lord Eussell of Killowen, as told by himself the other day. shows how risky a thing it may be, after all, for a prisoner to speak in his pwn defense. One such, who seemed to be really making out his innocence, tlie lord chief justice, who had missed a mumbled word, interrupted with the question: "What did you say? what was your last . sentence?" "Three months, my lord," said the crestfallen prJsonerrpleader, It is hardly necessary to add that the lord chief justice forgot his admission, or remembered it only in the prisoner's favor, when that particular sentence had to be passed. I Army The German army dogs are so trained that when they find a dead body they set up a prolonged howljpg, it no one comes they take the dead man's cap or ?ome small article, and with this in' their teeth go on % hunt for thejr trainer, whom they lead tp.the spot. Jf t)je man is wp\inded be fives hjs pap tp the dog, and the same object )* accom- JBotv This Much-Dreaded Winter Tadi dan Be Robbed of Some of Ita Worst Terrors. Butchering hogs has many disagreeable features, but some of these, particularly the lifting of the hogs before and after dressing, can be robbed of rnanj' of their -objections by having a convenient arrangement for scalding, scraping, cleaning and hanging. One arrangement for lightening labor in this way is shown in theaccompanying illustration. The farm sled can be used as the scraping platform (b). The scalding vat (a) may be any large barrel which will hold water. Securely block and brace it so that it will not be displaced in putting the hog in and takingjit out. In the ironkettle (c) the water is heated. The hog is killed and drawn along the side of the scraping platform opposite the iron kettle Instead of lifting the carcass onto the platform by hand, make use of the pivotal lever attached to the post (d). CONVENIENT BUTCHERING ARRANGEMENT. Place a chain about the hind legs of the hog, hook the short end of the lever into this chain and the hog is lifted easily. The post (d) is equally distant from the platform (b) and posts (g, b and f). After the hogs have been scalded and all the hair removed put them !.n the mbrels 1 and with the lever lift them from the scraping platform and swing them around so they can be hung upon the cross bars in posts (g, b and f). A lot of heavy lifting is thus avoided. The cross bars, can be made so that they will turn around on a pivot in the direction of the arrows. This is accomplished by boring a 1%-inch hole in the top of the posit. Use for cross bars four 3y four oak properly narrowed at the outer ends=. Cross these on top of the posts, bore a 1^-inchholeinithemiddle of the intersection and secure them in ilace by means of an iron pin which Its into the 1%-inch hole in the crosspieces and the post. Fasten the cross arms together, and a first-class, cheap pivotal arrangement for hanging hogs s the result. With this device and the lever there is absolutely n>o necessity 'or heavy lifting. If one does not care to go to the trouble of arranging the cross arms so that they will turn they can be securely fastened to the top of ;he post, or, better still, mortises made near the top and the cross pieces fitted nto them.—Orange Judd Farmer. FACTS FOR FARMERS. Good -water should be free from color, unpleasant odor and taste, and sJiould qivickly afford a lather with a small portion of soap. For washing windows put a few drops of ammonia on a piece of paper, and it ivill readily take off every spot or finger mark on the glass. ' A New England gentleman claims that shingles laid in whitewash wi ast twice as long as if they had not been treated with the lime. To render large pieces of wood plia- e, bury them in sawdust, and pour Dotting water upon the same. A long, narrow box is best for this purpose. When the face of a hammer becomes uneven, so that it is difficult to drive a nail true with it, put the face to a grindstone awhile and the defect will be overcome. To remedy a wet cellar already built, sink a channel nearly a foot deep entirely around, close to £he wall, and lay a course of drain tiles in the bottom, which will cut off all water veins, and thus render the cellar quite dry. Sometimes it is neccessary to paper over sheets of tin. In that event add old sugar or molasses in large proportion to the paste. It will be found generally effectual.— Western Plowman. Stone Itaiilclne for Barn*. In banking up against the walls of jasement barns, and especially in building up a passageway to the entrance, there is always strong temptation to use stones piled in loosely as a basis, where stones are over plentiful on the farm. Yet this usually proves a mistake. Rats will invariably effect i lodgement among such stones, and they will in time work through into the barn tMisement. Besides, rains will wash dirt among- the stones, and it will require constant attention every year to keep the passage way so that loaded wagons can be driven over it. Farm There is a large cliff erence in the ajnount of work done in a year bj r a ftyst walking hor^e anfl one thp/t is Blow. If a team travels 80 miles, a day, and another team goes 26 miles' in the tame time, it makes a difference of 1,500 miles for 300 working days Jn a year. When plpwing pr cultivatlpg a large field 'a team will travel from J5 to 20 miles a <|ay. and the'ddffereftoe of & mi^e- pr two is an important item during the busy A COUNT'S VISION. ' it Fnrnlfthcs ft Very tteinarlrilbl* M* lufttrntlon ot Probable Ifele* liftthlc Perception. j I can vouch for the truth 6f the fol- I lowing interesting- case of clairvoyance, says a London Mail writer: On I August 12 a young man named Livio Cibrario. belonging to one of the most ancient families of Turin, while at- j templing to climb the peak of Boc] ciamelone. in the Maritime Alps, lost his way. and on the following morning a search party found his body, terribly crushed and bruised, at the bottom of a deep crevasse. Count Cibrario, the unfortunate young man's father, who was at Turin and knew nothing of his son's expedition to the IJocciamelone. on the night of the accident aroused the rest of the family, announcing with tears that ivivio was dead. He had seen him. distinctly, he said, filood flowing from his battered head, and had heard these \fords spoken in a voice of terrible anguish: "Father, 1 slipped down a precipice and broke my head, and I am dead, quite dead." The other members of the family tried in vain to persuade the poor count that the ghastly vision was nothing but a nightmare, and the bereaved father continued in a state of anxiety bordering upon distraction till the morning, when the official confirmation of the terrible accident reached him. This case of telegraphy, or whatever name may be given to similar phenomena, is considered all the more remarka- able, as Count Cibrario is a very quiet, matter-of-fact person, and has never suffered from disorders of the nervous system or dabbled in spiritualism. ODDITIES OF DIET. Different Articles of Food Considered Edible by the People of Various Nations. Among the various nations there have been great differences as to articles considered edible, and, of course, among such as could be procured. The Tartars, Marco Polo says', ate horses, cam- cis, dogs and drank mares' milk. The Scythians 1 also, according to Herodotus, drank mares' milk. In China birds' nests, rats and snails are eaten. The euible birds' nests are found in theNico- burs, a cluster of islands in the Bay of Bengal. These nests, built by the Nic- obar swallows, form one of the princi- r&l exports of the islands. The Greer.- landers depend largely on seals. The ancient Germans, according to Tacitus, ate wild apples, flesh and cheese. In Abyssinia the natives cut steak from tie live cow, according to Bruce, and n-te the meat warm with the natural heat, says Lippincott's. Among the Egyptians near Elephantine the crocodile was an article of food. Ihe Egyptians'thought wheat and barley poor food j they ate principally spelt and zea. Tihe priests ate beef, geese, and took wine, but not fish. The Egyp- t'ans did not eat beans or raise them. They did not eat the head of any creature. They ate honey and raisins. Among them no cattle were killed except for sacrifice. They ate sheep and gpats. and swine's flesh only when offered to Bucchus and Luna. They had no vines, but made a liquor from barley. They ate fish fresh and salted, or dried in tie sain; alsoquail and ducks. EXPENSIVE POPULARITY, An Indiana Singer Who Resldea In Chicago Uns n Costly Prom- ' Ise to Fulllll. One of the best known singers of Chicago came from a city of 25,000 population In Indiana, says the Chicago'Jour- nal. He had lived in the Hoosier town until after he was of age, and was a great social as well as church favorite. His tenor voice was soft and tender, and no funeral of any prominent citizen was held without his presence. Of ten, when he made calls, the older women of the city would make him promise that he would sing at their funerals. He always promised. The tenor came to Chicago five years ago. and by hard study made his way to the front. But now his promises are beginning to count. . ' About once every two months he gets a telegram announcing the death of some old friend in the Indiana city- one at whose funeral lie promised to .sing. So the tenor packs his valise and goes. So far he has always paid his own expenses, but he hopes some day that some wealthy resident of the Hoosier place will remember him in a last will and testament. Sailorw' Love of Animals. An incident illustrating the sailors' attachment for animals recently was reported in the London Times. The item was as follows: "As Commander Lewis Blackburn, of the cruiser Blenheim, was leaving the hulk Royal Adelaide, in Chatham dock yards, on the night of November 24, a gazelle which he had recently broughtfrom abroad r4n to meet him, and while fondly rubbing against him fell overboard. Commander Blackburn, who was in full uniform, promptly plunged into the basin, although the ri&k was great, the night being intensely dark and there being chains between the Adelaide and other ships. Shouting for lights to be brought, he kept himself and the gazelle afloat vntil both were rescued." Carious Oath. The most curious European oath, is administered in 1 Norway. The witness raises his thumb, his forefinger and his middle finger. These signify, the Trip- Ity. while the larger of the uplifted .fingers is supposed to represent the soul of the witness, and the smaller to Indicate his body. Before the-oatK is & long exhortation ie delivered. SELECTING SEED CORN* Single Ear Should fie CfcoAett Solely on Account of Its Belne Near tt Standard. My father practiced selecting his seed corn at busking' time. His first rule was to choose the upper ear on & etalk having two or more good plump ears. A few of the inner husks were left on the ear to mark it for saving, when putting the corn in the crib. When all the teed wasi collected, the ears were braid* ed into large bundles and hung up to dry, out of the reach of mice or rat*. The second rule of selection was more useful than the first. He chose only the ears set close to the stalks, havlngi a short footstalk and a small or medium, sized shank at the end of the cob. Such ears, h usk easily, as th e cob breaks close 1 to the corn and the husks cling to the footstalk and riot to the ear whenhusk- Following these directions we always saved a large supply of seed corn, and. the type of ears and corn, and ear-setting became noted and uniform. Mjany hills of corn having two stalks would yield three ears each, and where there were three or four stalks in a hill often all but one of? them had two ears each. Prolific bearing was the rule. And'this was 1 clearly produced by constant, persistent selection following one line. At the same time the ears were set close to the stalks so that the weight of grain was balanced. Thus storms would not so readily tangle and twist the crop, or carry it down to the ground. ' I know of fa-rmersi to-day who have been saving- their seed on another line for many years. They choo>se the longest ears to be found, without any rega-rd to the stalks or footstalks. The result has been to establish a type of corn, with one long ear growing on a long footstalk, attached to the.main stalk low down, often close to the ground, so that when cutting the corn the foot- stalk is cut and the car is thus separated from the stalk, and hasi to be picked up and put in the stout. And when the ears are not thus cut off they hang down and drop to the ground and 'become watersoaked or rot by the time of husking. These long, drooping ears often bear down .so heavily that tllo stalks are carried to the ground early in the season and. cannot fully mature the crop.—Country Gentleman. ' ALL AROUND THE FARM. Plants, like animals, need food, and, like animals, do best on a balanced ration. ..:.:. Alcohol in large quantities Is used in making smokeless powder. It is used to kill, as it nearly alway^ ia ' We have raised 56 bushels' of kaflr corn to the acre, when alongside of it in the same field we only raised 30 bUshels of coim. ' It may be accepted as true that where corn is grown for the grain each plant should have aniop'portunity: for its' fullest development. ' i [ Experimental work thus far conducted indicates that il makes but little difference, so far as yield is concerned, whether corn is grown in drills or in hillsi ' ' A man is worth something- to himself, and .the world, because he is greater than the brujteis—greater in aspira-' tions—and sarfasf action with Mm means more, J3eet pulp is the refuse of the sugar beet after the sugar has been extracted. It is, a valuable food for cattle, she^p and hog's, mixed) with chopped hay, corn chop or some other dry food. The 420^000,000 peo.ple inhabiting the United States, Canada, Europe and Australia annually consume the product of 252,000,000 acres of rye and wheat, being at the rate of .06 of an acre per capita. ' "' ' • We hear of sails wearing but. This often means that the finest soil grains have been dissolved in the process of feeding the plants leaving the soil mass with' a coarsier mechanical arrangement, which reduces irts power to retain moisture.—Western Plowman, . ' ' ' f '' ' ' ' ; SMALL WORKBENCH. Exceedingly Convenient for Doing. Smiill Jobs of Repairing. Around ' House or Barn. ' '' ' ^^^_;J • .i .• . A small workbench, is very convenient Jior doing small jobsi'otf repairing. Get along, deep, but narrow, empty grocery box and mount it ; upon leg-si upon itsi side as shown. This provides riot only a workbench, but a shelfl below it for FARM 'WORKBENCH. keeping tools. The cover of the box can. be hinged to the front for'the purpose of keeping the tool® more secure. There is not a farm in the country that can afford to be without at least a small bench.on which to make repairs and to construct the small articles needed, for carrying on farm operations.—N. Y Tribune. Scientific Crop notation, ""^ The- ]S T ew Jersey experiment stations practice crop rotation, and six of the principal systems are as follows, corn being- planted tbe first yeay in, all <?f them.: Seopnd year, oats; third year, wheq,t or rye; fourth, year, clover. Second year, potatoes; third year, wheat or rye; fourth yeap, clover. Second year, whea-t or rye; third; yeap, clover; fourth, year, timothy. Second year, potatoes; third year, clover. Second year, potatoes; third year, ppt«* toes; fourth year, melons, Second year, potatoes^ tjtfrd year, tomatoes? ' year, '• • ' COtTON SEED MEALS. PtnctScal tne Dlffe* * *h«* a Stock pood Much has been said and written relative to the use of cotiton eeed ineal as a cattle food. Nearly all investigators agree' in giving 1 it a high value and urge dairymen to use this material not only because it is a cheap fedttrce of protein but because it also has a high man urial value. Practical farmers differ greatly in* their estimates of cotton seed meal. Some seem to Use it very satisfactorily for awhile and later conclude that the feed is not' Well adapted for their purposes. Occasionally a feeder observes that the health of the animals Is affected by the feeding of cotton seed too freely, and it sometimes happens 'that even after animals have been fed for months with apparent success that they are Injured 'by its continued: use. It has also happened that cowte fed upon cotton seed meal do well for a ttog and that later the milk floW i* diminished without apparent cause. There are at present no other concentrated feeding stuffs which vary so much in composition as cotton steed mealsifrom different sources and different mills. ' Within three weeks the station has examined samples 'varying from 22 per cents to over 53 per bent, of protein. This greater variation in different lots of cotton seed meal may explain the different estimates of 'different practical feeders and 6f the same 1 feeders at different times. If a cow is fed a cotton seed meal containing: 26 per cent, protein and Is then fed an equal weight of meal containing 68 per cenit. it is • evident tha/t the amount 1 of protein which she receives will have been doubled by the change. If shehasbeeni fed up to her full capacity in the first Instance such an increase must result disastrously. On the other hand, changing 1 from a cotton 6«e'd of Hagh protein content Would dinilniSh' 'the milk Cow unless the amount" of meal feed is correspondingly increased. — Bulletin of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station.' " ' ' ' ••'••'- •' •'"• •:' ' FOR CUTTING WOOD. Power \VT»lch Can Easily Be Constructed at Honle toy'Any ; Bright Farmer. ' Sawing the year's supply of woo'd is a long, -hard and laborious-job. : Many forms of power are now availablej'such as -gas •' engines, wiridmillSi ' ••Water wheels, etc.,' Which do the work quickly arid easily. 'Where such'cannot 1 be afforded 'a natural mechanic' can make a horse power cutter -as''' illustrated herewith. ' ' ''' "' ; "' .v<^": First make a shaft (a), on which place a wheel (b) for the' horse- 'to 'work 1 in. Make it' 16 to 20 feet in diameter. A heavy balance wheel' (e) is then 1 made HOMEMADE SAW. POWER. and a pulley (c) fastened to it'and the horse power wheel. A driving pulley (d) connect® the balance wheel with the saw shaft. The saw 'frame (f) should be made strong and" durable. The wood to besawedis laid'on the iron hooks (g), which are stapled so as to swing in and out by' the saw. They hang from a heavy durable frame. A connecting bar (h) holds' the hooks (g) in a uniform position. Hollers may be put on liooks (g) so the sticks- to be cut will roll to the upright frame, the 'distance to be cut. One-fourth of wheel (b) isi hinged in to'^ take the horse in and out.— W. A. Sharp', in .Fa.rm and Hpine. WHEN TO APPLY ^ANURE. Results of a Comparative Test Made a Year Agro at tlie Ohio Expert- ' nient Station. A year ago the Ohio experiment station began a. coinparative test between cow manure, taken directly fromr the stable to the field in the spring, and manure of the same sort which had been allowed to lie in the open yard during the winter. The plan of the experiment is to apply both kinds of manure to land intended for corn, plow under at a shallow depth, and follow the corn with wheat and clover, without' any further manuring. Four duplicate plots are treated with each kind of manure, applied at the -rate of eight tona per acre, the treatment for each pair of plots being- exactly alike in .all other respects. .The result thus far is that the corn of 1897 gave an increase of 13 bushels per acre from the yard manure against 16.. bushels- from the stall manure, and the wheat crop following has given an increase of -ten 'bushels per acre for the yard manure' against 1 ' 11 bushels from 'the stall ^manure. 1 Valuing the corn at 33 cents and the wheat at 80 cents per bushel and the straw and stover at three dollars per tpn.'the increase from the yard manure in 'the two crops has amounted to $15 -per acre and that from the stall manure <tb $17, an average of two dollars per ton' if or the, manure, with' further off ect probable on 'succeeding crops; ••;/ • ' A -i the End ot the Yeajr. We all like to put aside a surplus of profit at the end qf a. t*rm of labor. That means we are gaining. But if we make a fair hying and meet ouy expenses, with nothing at the end of th e year for surplus, we caw hardly BO* that times are hard. We haveliad our supplies--*,!! that we needed-an^ i only when we fail in them and really 611 fJer e ' T But we tape, nevertheless; every <W of our -folks will =be secure in ft nice surplus attfte end of the yew.~ Journal,-'' •.•'•.•..• •.:.? . -.•• ••*,, ,-,

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