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THE tlPMB DES HOISES: IOWA, WTCDN188DAY. JANUARY 25, 1899. T«rm» to eub*criber» o???w,o««r«^;.--- : •• ..::::::::' 1 -5» 40 .M.60 The Same Old Story. Ainoflg tbe many curiosities of history the most curious are the reasons that have been given at one time and another for not doing a big thing in a big way. When Iowa was to be ad mitted M a state wise men seriously objected to going beyond the Des Moines river fora western boundary because the country between tbe Des Moines and Missouri waa part of tbe great American desert. Even John Qulncy Adams objected to admitting the western states because the congressmen riding on horseback could never reach Washington for a session of congress. John Bach McMaster, the historian, has collected in recent contributions to the magazines a lot of characteristic objections to expansion. When Jefferson bought Louisiana a prominent senator declared in the debate that " we have already territory enough. I would rather see Louisiana given to France, to Spain, to any nation on tbe earth, on condition that no citizen of tho United States should ever Bettle within its limits." Joslah Quincy denounced the admission of states like Iowa as an outrage on the •» ho constitution. "Do you suppose exclaimed, "that the people of tho northern and Atlantic states will or ought to look with patience and see representatives and senators from the Bod River Valley and Missouri pouring themselves on this floor managing the affairsofa sea board 1,600 miles at least from their residence?" When the quarrel over Oregon arose Senator Dlckerson of Now Jersey said Oregon could nover become a elate. "The union is already too extensive." He figured up the mileage of an Oregon congressman at $3,720, and it would take 850 days to get to Washington, McDufflo of South Carolina wound up an equally earnest speech by declaring " all agree that civilization can be best effected when the country la hedged in by narrow boundaries." Anti-expansion IB a protest against tho history of tho United States and against the apirit of the Anglo-Saxon race. It is as absurd now as it was when McDuttio was fighting against taking Oregon. It IB UB plain as the nose on a man's face that tho coming century will see tho whole surface of the earth under tho commercial control of a few dominant races. It will be well If It Is llkowlHo under their political control. It will ho better If in this great expansion that is inevitable tho American branch of tho English Bpeuklng people expands most and absorbs most. Tho Facts oi' tho Oaso. The Vinton JSaglo still insists thai tho state university squanders more money wllh IOSB roHults than any otlior slate Inalltutlon, on Iho following vory curfouB theory: " Tho Eagle did not say that tho unlvor- slty cost more per cupltii than Birnilur in- BlllulloiiB. Wo will admit that tho Hlivlo JJUB boon niggardly with its university, und its attempt to tnuko a unlvorslty of itself on Its limited mounB 1ms caused a stjunndorlng of money wiHi IOBS rosulU than uny other InBlllullon." Now It stands to reason thai if Iho uniyerBlly spends less per capita for Us BtudontBthan other like colleges, it cannot vory well bo "squandering "money," unless its work as an educational Institution Is wholly below par, and on this point wo do not hollovo Bro. Murphy would caro to Insist, especially If ho Is acquainted with tho courses of study, tho Instructors, und tho uotual work dono at Iowa City. Tho unlvor- slty la not attempting to cover any Hold that it cannot cover efficiently, and the work dono In every doparlmont ranks in quality wllh Iho host done In Iho United Stales. Tho university lacks buildings and equipment. Its professors are pulling in long hours on small salaries. But its work is thorough and up-to-dalo, and Is coating Iowa loss than like work in uny stalo university in the west, Wo oommond Bro. Murphy's alien tlori to tho following figures taken from tho report of tho United States commissioner of education for 1800-7, show ing some of tho annual stale appropriations to state universities: Pennsylvania 8303,844 Wisconsin 888,470 Ohio SOtt.UUT OalifopBlu m,70J, Nebraska • basis of any com plaint. Tbe legielat- ore ha* shown a rerjr liberal epIrH during the past few sessions which gives promise that the Iowa school is not long to lag, if the reports prove equal to their opportunity. A fine new collegiate building is going op that will be a credit to Iowa. A valuable library is being collected. A new president will be chosen who will rank among the educational leaders of the country. The school is at tbe beginning of a new period of great growth. Still it is just as well, when tbe matter is discussed at all, to bare the actual facts before us. Tbe state university has not been squandering money, because it has not bad any money to squander. SENATOR DAVIS has tanen tbe right course in refusing to submit tbe peace treaty with Spain to vote at this session if, as reported, a majority in the senate insist upon a declaration that the United Stales will not hold the Islands. The senate asnow constituted Is fit only for opposition. The country is to be congratulated that after March 4 some new healthy American blood will be injected into the veins of that arm of the government. It is better to have a special session than to have the country made ridiculous by. the adoption of Senator Hoar's program. THE Midland Monthly's success In lowri was Johnson Brlgham's success. The personal element was large. The moment tho magazine was put on it commercial basis, It either had to compete with tho eastern dollar magazines or fail. The St. Louis men who have bought it have this condllion to meet. ilumboldt caller last is carrying grips for a gro- BRO. MURPHY of the Vinton Eagle seems to feel aggrieved at tho educa- llonal inslitutlons of Ihe slate because Ihey were nol pul In charge of tho slate board of control, along with tho Vinton asylum, and intimates that begging and palavering on the part of the regents and trustees was tho cause of tho ex- emplion. As THE UPPER DES MOINES understands it neither Senator Funk, Senator Healey, nor any of the leaders In the board of control movemenl favored pulling Ihe educalional insli- tutionB under the same board with tho asylums and penitentiaries, except in a general way. Many favored pulling the three schools under anolher single board, and this may Blill bo done. IT will be a groal mislake lo court- martial'Eagan because of the mariner of bis speech withoul an inquiry iulo tbe Bubslance of it. If he tells the truth Miles (should 'be court-martialed also. The public will never be satisfied until the trulh about Milea' conduct Is known. TuEUE would be one advantage in a two-day Btale convenllon. The committee on resolutions would bo appointed Iho firsl day and would have ample time In which to draft a platform, It is true tho public does not and ought not lo place loo much reliance on specific platform pledges; Iho known uoli- oy and history of a political party are always Us bosl platform. Still it is un- wlso for a big political gathering like a state convention to adopt hastily at tho ond of u hoalod contosl after half tho delegates have gone and tho other half aro tired oul, a lot of resolutions thai have boon hastily strung logolbor by u eommilleo lhal has worked under whip and spur lo got them ready. In theory a party platform should bo adopted bo- foro a nomination is made, In practice it would bo much be,tler if this woro dono, With a two-day convonlion it could bo dono. If tho convention is called for Dos Moinos, Chairman Hancook's plan ought lobe given a trial. TIJK caution shown by all the republican papers in discussing tho succession to Bonalor Gear's seat indicates that there is a very strong feeling in favor of deliboralion. When Senator Gear's successor is chosen Iho new man should bo one whose ago, talents, and public service glvo promise of a groat career. A- D. Clarke ot AlKOoa was a stockholder in the bankers' 1 bank. IS THIS JTEIQHBOEHOOD. Ham Bell sold 92 turkeys at West Bend that weighed 1,376 pounds. Miss Kate Wernet has returned to Bock Rapids, where she has been for some months. Estherville is to have a sewerage system. The city council is now at work on tbe plans. L. J. Newell at Fenton went to Iowa City with bis brother Joe, who is being treated for catarrh at the hospital, Humboldt Independent: W. J. Lang of Algona was a week. He eery bouse. The Rockwell Cily Advocate refers to " the insane commission." THE UPPER DES MOINES came near being sued for libel for saying that. Spencer's city scales paid $133.10 to the city for December, a net profit of $85. After Algona gets a town clock city scales ought to come. The Pocahontas Record says C. C. Call of Algona has Ihe contract for carrying the mails between Fonda and Pocahontas and between Lilly and Fonda. Emraetsburg Democral: John G. Smith has been chosen chairman of the Koasuth counly board. Hereafter our neighbors lo the easl of us will have to shoot straight. Fred. Scolt, who used to clerk in Ihe Tennanl house, Is now a traveling man. Ho was visiting hereabouts a'week ago, calling on old friends and looking after business In Ihe pall, mop and broom lines. The Eslhorville Vindicalor says Mr. Hodge, who has Iraded for Ihe J. C. Anderson grocery in Algona, has nol Ittken possession in person, nor will lie. Ho will continue in the implement business hero and will dispose of tho stock of groceries whenever an opportunily offers. The Forl Dodtfe Messenger claims that the Norlhweslern has a gang of surveyors at work surveying a line through Fort Dodge, and that thai company will not build tho Algona-Sac Clly lino. The Messenger fails to loll why lhal line would be of any greater advantage to Iho company than the Sac City lino, although it admits it would bo considerably longer. J. J. Ryan's ga.to factory in Chicago is located near Grand Crossing. The Messenger says: Frank Anderson is looking" after the business there and his partner, J. J. Ryan, will join him soon from Forl Dodge. They have orders on hand now for about 8,000 of the gates, They are made of joints of bent gas pipe and aro Ihe cheapest product on tho market, besides having tho vory desirable requisite of strength and durability. AS TOLD BY PETER BURT. He Writes Abont Northwestern Kos- gnth as It Was in 1870. Recalls Names Familiar to All the Pioneers Hereabouts—Makes Good History. NEWS NOTES. AUo to the following figures from the lamo source showing tho total annual income of some of the colleges, from atato tax And other sources; Howard University .............. 11,140 ,e80 QQlu»Wft Cqllegc ................. 780,780 Yale oolleae ...................... 704,444 lf ftnir State university .... B tute college 649,018 m Btftte . iwlyewtty WJaee»aT» State wivapHjr WWivsUy . Bity 401,078 481,686 NEWS AND COMMENT. Tho Dos Moinos Capital says: "There is n possibility that Dollivor may succeed Dlngloy ns olmivumn ot Uio house wivys and moans committee, If this goes through Iowa will have every important chairmanship in tho Amoriuau congress. Such achievement la due to electing strong men and keeping them iu." It is uot at all likely that so young a man as Mr. Dolliver will bo glvou tho party leadership iu congress. Still tho fuel tliat ho is considered shows how ho stands at Washington. The Dos Moiuos court house location ia to bo voted on today. It has boon a good flght-QDoa Moinou would have a good light if tho only IBSUO woro electing a dog catcher. It looks as though prospective candidates for tho legislature might as well prepare to toll how they Bland on United States senator. In all tho counties it is evident that that ia to be the issue, and that the people are going to take a hand iu when they nominate senators and representatives, The Judge Bloe, who has received a few epattwlug votes fov United States senator iu Pennsylvania iu the grout an tl- Quay flgut, is a younger brother of D. Bice and Mrs, 0. A. IngUam Of Algona, The Hankers' bank iu Dea Moines has 8 old & tU§ hank Homo* MiUeria A woman sulTruge lecturer tells the women at DCS Moines that they should not UHO their husband's initials in writing their names, and that they should put more pockets in their clothes, Her remarks were loudly applauded. Adams, who bought the big Hiram C. Wheeler farm near Sao City, had 4,000 acres of corn this year that averaged 00 bushels to the acre. The Cur- roll Herald says he weighed it, and that there is no'juggling with the figures. Ho got over 240,000 bushels by weight, Tho state meeting of Unitarians is to beheld at Des Moinos Feb. 7-9. Rev. Oscar Clule is now pastor at Des Moiiies, and F. W. Bicknoll Is a trustee in his church. Tho Unitarians propose to make u memorial church at Iowa City in honor of S. S. Hunting, who often visited Algona. Miss Gordon, well known in Algona, is pastor at Iowa City. Goo. E. Roberts writes to tho Messenger that tho horseless carriage has ceased to be a curiosity in tho eastern cities. It has been demonstrated to be a practical thing. Tho Fifth avenue omnibus lino in New York has decided to discard horses entirely and put on tho machines, and a groat com puny has been organized, headed by Richard Croker, to put tho automobile trucks into use for tho dray service of New York City, It is highly probable that in a few years tho horse will bo ns seldom seen in tho truck service as now in tho street car service. It is said that electricity threw 10,000 horses out of employment in New York City, but tho automobile truck will throw out 160,000. It will contribute greatly to tho cleanliness of citlosi Nothing will ever take the place of tho horse for pleasure driving, hut as a boast of bur- don his day of emancipation actually seems to bo dawning. The motive power for tho Croker truck company is to be com pressed air. W. P. JONES AT WATERLOO. Tlio "\Vljrwimi Man Honda n Paper at tho State INI cell jif> of Machinery MOM—Advortlalng Pays. W. P. Jones was on tho program at tho state meeting of farm machinery dealers at Waterloo last week. His paper was u discussion of tho cost of selling machinery, and was highly complimented. One item of cost is advertising. Mr. Jones told them that during tho past season ho had spent nearly double for advertising what he had in tiny, previous year, and that his total business had boon $15,000 bigger, While gone Mr. Jones visited Independence, where he saw Charlie Everett who attended normal school in Algona. He is now a prosperous lawyer. He also visited in Jessup, where his father was located before coming to Algona. Tho Year 1808 In Iowa, Tho average temperature for 1808 in Iowa was 47.6 degrees. The highest was 103 at Clarinda, the lowest 25 below at Estherville, a range of 128 degrees. Tho average rainfall was.81.69 Inches. The greatest rainfall for one day was 9.7 inches at Thuirman. On 82 days the rainfall waa .01 of an inch or more. There were 16.0 clear days, 105 partly cloudy, 100 cloudy during the year. The prevailing wind was from the northwest, the highest velocity was 66 miles an hour, June 84. The average daily wind velocity waa JQ6 miles, Peter H. Burt tells about the early settlement of northern and northwestern Kossuth in the Armstrong Journal, and recalls many well known names: In writing these reminiscences I have hitherto tried to confine myself to eastern Emmet county. In doing so I find there is a feeling which seems to grow with me that I am leaving out of these naratives companions in hardships, inasmuch as I have not mentioned several families who settled to the southeast along the river in Kossuth county, and who in the early times, we necessarily looked upon and felt toward as neighbors and whose circumstances made them a part of our social life. About three miles southeast on the river lived tho families of Hallock, from whom Joseph Burt Sr. bought his first team—a yoke of oxen—in the spring of '65. I remember "Bob" Brayton asearly us '66. James Hallock on the west, then came C. O. Fish a little further up the river, then Woodruf or "Old Ginger" as he was familiarly called. These settled about the sume time as Brayton. Then came Charlie Gray a little later on, who was our Seneca postmaster for a number of years. The Colfen Bros., Warren and John, also settled in north of Hallock's und Fish's. John was elected sheriff at the time the attempt was made to organize Crocker county, about the year '70. One of the first notices posted by thu new sheriff was tacked on the door of Ormiston's sod shanty, where Uncle Sam's mail was then distributed, und wus signed, "John H. Sheriff." Will. Ormiston, a McGregor teamster, settled about one mile east of the county line in the year '68. He became a noted local politician. Many of tho Kossuth county "boys" will remember him in that role. About five miles down the river George Kinny located in the summer of '66 on what is now the home of Mat. Freilinger. Then we had no further speaking acquaintances until you reach what was called Greenwood Center, where the names of Hawkes, Baker, Garfiold, Austin, Searles, Addel, Gibbon and Hadley were met with. A little further east und north, where Bancroft now stands, and we come across tho family of Connel, part of whose artificial grove still shades the ground there. Then south of the river from that point we find "Doc." Sands, who "would rather be school director limn the president of the U. S. A," and who for a short time in after years made things lively in district township " We notice that A. D. Clarke of Algo- ba is still an aspirant for senatorial honors. However, he has a bitter fight on hand in bis own county, and It is possible that some other man will be presented by Kossuih for that honor.- There are no evidences of " a bitter fight" in Kossuih for or against anybody. This "bitter fight" is imaginary. Col. Raymond says in the Hampton Recorder: The question as to who shall succeed Hon. John H. Gear iti the senate next year is being discussed in some quarters in our state. It is our belief that nothing but tbe death of Gov. Gear can prevent his being his own successor, and the other candidates had better hang their harps on tbe willows until the "old man" steps out of the way. No man was ever stronger with the people of Iowa—the "plain people," if you please—than Gov. John H. Gear. INSTITUTE ON WEDNESDAY Farmers Will Have It All Their Otra Way for Three Days. AN OLD TIME BALL GAME. The Death ot Frank E. Allen at Es- thervllle Recalls a Notable Event In Algona. The death of Frank E. Allen occurred at Estherville last Wednesday. He was 49 years old and one of the best known business men in Emmet county. He had been in failing health for some time, but was not alarmed until about a year ago. Then he consulted the ablest physicians in the country. In September he was thoroughly and carefully examined by Drs. Henrotin and Billings of Chicago, and Dr. Vaughn of Hot Springs, Ark., and though they were unable to find that he was suffering from any organic disease, yet his ailment baffled the skill of all the physicians, and just the cause of his death is yet unknown, and probably never will be definitely determined. It was in 1874 that with the Estherville Blizzards Mr. Allen played at Algona in one of the notable base ball games of early days. At the close of the game he ran a foot race with E. B. Butler up State street from the corner by Geo. L. Galbraith's home. He was the champion foot racer of northern Iowa at that time. . The Blizzards beat the Algona boys in the ball game by a close score. The game was played on the ground now occupied by the residences of Jas. Cowan, Horan Bros., J. W. Hamilton, Dr.\Morse, etc. D. T. Smith pitched, as the old fashioned toss was called, and Vic. Stough caught. As nearly as can be recalled now Arthur Nash was on first base, Charley Rist on second, J. W. Wadsworth on third, E. B. Butler short-stop, Lou Milten, C. B. Hutchins, and John Mc- Getchie in the field. It was a strong nine in those days. Twenty-five years has stiffened the joints of most of them a little. Still we have an idea that the same boys could put up a good game even now. TOR THE FEBETJAKY TEEM. matters. South and west of Sands' we lind the family of Hudson, of whom many of the Grove people remember Albert and Charlotte. Of all these settlers, who occupied homes along the east branch of the Des Moines river from the west line of Kossuth county to where the North western crosses the river below Bancroft, but 1 two remain today on the old homesteads, Emerson Searles of Greenwood Center, now frail with the burden of years, but active for his age, and the little, resolute, plucky C. O. Fish, both respected by all who know them. Most of the others are scattered o'er the earth by fortunes lures, while not a few of their names have boon chisuled on the marble slabs that stand silent sentinels o'er the homes of the dead. In 1870 two of the Bixby boys from Iowa Lake took up the north half of Section 30, Township 09 in Kossuth county. They hired some breaking done, built up some sod on the line of the two quarters like unto a bear's den, and concluded they were holding down their claims while they taught school or boarded at home, O. E. Searles and Geo. V. Davis of Greenwood Center contested these claims and in the summer of 1872 moved onto them with their families. In October of that fall Davis was burned out by a prairie lire carelessly set by a neighbor. He had hauled some lumber from Algona and constructed a habitation of boards and sod, had secured some corn in a board crib for his winter's use, with his hay in the stuck and had drawn several plow furrows around the premises. Whon the fire occurred ho was absent in Algona and the woman and children on account of the wind dared not back lire. A head fire struck the place, they became, terrorized, and everything was lost save the clothing which each had on thoir person. Davis was elected auditor of Crocker county. A few days later the writer lost his sod shanty and contents by fire, believed to ba the work of an incendiary. Several of my neighbors advanced the opinion that it was probably done to destroy the early records which wore in my keeping at that time, I being secretary of the school and also township clerk. There had evidently been some crooked work going on in high places in the township for when the books came into my possession there were as many as 50 or 00 leaves in the front part of the books pasted or glued together, and these could haye been separated by heat and moisture and the accounts examined, and it might have been through fear of some such thing being done, that they together with my shanty were wiped out. POLITIOAL NOTES. The Rolfe Reveille says Senator Parley Finch favors Dolliver for senator as first choice. Sioux City Journal: Mr. Beveridge enters congress as Mr. Booze retires, but he'll not take his place. The Sheldon Mail favors a change to a two days' convention and believes it would be very generally approved. H. G. MoMillen says Sioux City will probably get the coming, republican state convention if Des Mpines don't build the auditorium. Wm. E. Curtis says the gold men are quarreling so in congress that no bill can possibly be Introduced that the currency committee can agree on. The Emmeteburg Reporter says: Grand and Petit' Jurors Dra\vn for the Coming Term of Court. Court meets again Feb. 27. Monday the juries were drawn. The grand jurors for the new year are C. D. Pettibone, F. E. Tellier, Algona; J. H. Sheridan, Bancroft; A. Rindquist, Swea City; N. C. Taylor, Lotts Creek; L. E. Potter, Cresco; Frank Schultz, Wesley; Geo. F,. Marble, Burt; W. G. Corbin, Ramsay; E. P. Fuller, Irvington; Henry Bell, Garfield; J. Finnegan, Riverdale. The petit jury for the term is as follows: J. L. Moore, John Ramsey, E. N. Weaver, F. L. Parish, Ira Carpenter, L. F. Gozey, Guy Grove, Algona; Dan Miller, LuVerne; G. McAdams, Swea City; Wm, Schiltz, Linden Fox, Bancroft; Geo. Crawford, Fred Mossbach, Mat. Dalziel, Lotts Creek; J. E. Wilder, Sherman; Wm. Knoll, Jas. Elvidge, Geo. Carroll, Burt; John Kain, Plum Creek; C. C. Hall, Jus. Beem, F. A. Jenks, T. H. McGilligan, Ledyard; E. F. Lague, Elmore; J. Willendorf, Cresco; F. H. Manther, Springfield; Paul Jensen, Hobart; W. P. Boyer, West Bend; A. Carpentei-, Seneca; Wm, Patterson, Lincoln. Drop 'Em Both, Cedar Rapids Republican: It is not Eagan or Miles who ought to go out of the army, but both ought to get out, for both have disgraced it. Eagau is nothing but a proved blackguard, a disgrace to a mining camp. Miles has been a, peacock strutting up and down the world admiring himself. All his activities have been centered in himself. Much of the trouble that has grown out of the war with Spain may be traced to him, He has sought to be a marplot from first to last. He came to the conclusion that the war ought to be turned over to him, and when the administration refused to do so he began to sulk and throw impediments in the way. That he was mistrusted by the administration is no doubt true. It is always well enough to mistrust a leader who is thinking more of his own glory than he is of the welfare of the army. In his famous beef testimony Gen. Miles made sweeping statements without stopping to prove them, The beef industry is one that affects every cattle raiser in the country. What affects the reputation of American beef affects its consumption, and what affects its consumption affects the price .of cattle. There is enough fault finding with American meats in Germany. The statements made by Miles ought not to have been made except upon the most absolute proof. They should not have been made in a spirit of pique and resentment, There are better authorities than Miles—Col. Wood, for instance, who is a doctor and sanitarian as well as a leader of rough riders— who holds that the beef was good. Miles has done millions of dollars of injury, and all to vent his military disappointment. He is unfit for a position of national confidence. Secretary Julian Tells What Will Be Discussed—Prospect is For a Splendid Meeting. The annual farmers' institute opens next Wednesday and continues Thursday and Friday. Prof. C. F. Curtiss of Ames will be here one day. J. S. Trigg of Rockford will be the conductor. J. E. Downing of Fort Dodge, an expert on corn, will also attend, bringing with him a lot of specimens with which he illustrates his talks. The local program is the best, all in all, that has ever been arranged for a like meeting. It is reviewed in the following note from Secretary Julian: W'HAT is IN STORE. To the Editor: With this last issue of the Algona papers before the institute will be in active session, we wish to briefly call the attention of the farmers to the different subjects which will be discussed. First let me state that no former committee on program ever worked harder or more earnestly to get up a program than the committee of this year. Heretofore at one meeting a full program has been prepared, but this year three meetings were held before the program was completed that was satisfactory to the committee, and while all that was planned could not he fully carried out, yet we think we can compliment the committee on the best program ever presented to the farmers of Kossuth county. The members of the committee are C. C. Chubb, G. S. Wright, Ellis McWhorter, Mrs. G. L. Carroll and Mrs. C. D. Ward. The first paper, "Benefitsof Tiling," will be by C. Byuon, who has had considerable 'experience along that line. Everyone interested in that subject should attend. "Farm Separators" by G. S. McPherson is a subject every dairyman is interested in, so attend the first day and discuss the subject. "Sunday on the Farm" will be a topic everyone on the farm will be interested in. Co-operation, whether in creameries, mills or in any other manner, will be ably treated by J. B. Hofius. In the evening notice what an interesting program is arranged. J. S. Trigg of Rockford, 111., is an able writer and will give a good lecture. Thursday at 10 a. m. C. C. Chubb will discuss "Water on the Farm," a very importantsubject. J. R. Jones will read a paper on "The Proper Relation of Landlord and Tenant." Every man who is a landlord or tenant ought to be there to discuss the problem. "The Labor Problem on the Farm" by E. Bacon will be well worth your time to hear. "What Should Be the Financial Standing of the Farmer's Wife" by W. F. Jenkinson should .bring out every lady on the farm and see to it that your husband is there. Thursday at 1 p. m., A. A. Brunson will read a paper, " How Best to Utilize the Products of the Farm." It will be an eye opener. " Social Life on the Farm" by Mrs. Lizzie Angus will receive the attention it deserves. "How to Make the Farm Most Attractive" by B. F. Reed. Ben. has traveled over Kossuth county more than any man in the county and will give us a good paper. "Sheep" by Fred Nicholson will interest all sheep men. "Road Making and Broad Tired Wagons" by T. F. Cooke will get every man interested. Be prepared to give your views. Friday at 10 a. m., M. B. Dalton will tell us about the "Breeding and Care of Swine." Mr. Dalton is a careful breeder of swine and is making a success of it. " Mistakes on the Farm" by C. B. Hutchins will be worth all the time you spend at the institute to hear. "How to Raise Corn," by D. D. Dodge, An importantsubject, and every farmer who can should hear it. " Transportation" by Samuel Drake. Mr. Drake has made a Study of this subject. Hear him. Friday afternoon the election of officers will take place immediately after calling to order. " To What Extent Have Farmers Been Benefited by Improved Farm Machinery" by O. F. Hale. It will be a good paper. Miss Nellie Salisbury will read a paper on " The Country School and How May They Be of Most'Benefit to Pupils." Every person in the county ought to be interested in this subject. We would recommend that all teachers who desire to attend should be given the day to do so. Dicussions by teachers and patrons ought to be productive of much good. Supt, Van Erdewyk will lead the discussion. "Shall the National Debt Be Paid" by M. D. L. Parsons will be full of good points. Harvey Ingham will read a paper, Algona is prepared to welcome every farmer in the county. Come early and come every day. T. J. JULIAN, Secretary. Tletle, the Advertiser. Swea City Herald: Speaking about advertising reminds us that Merchant Tiede of Belmond spends more money for advertising in a year than the receipts of the Herald office all told amount to. Belmond is only about as large as Bancroft, but Tiede's store draws trade from every direction and all the surrounding towns, and every day at his store is a " Saturday's" big trade, while his special sale days are regular " July 4th" celebrations. Hut One Joe TrlKK. Spencer News: The Kossuth county farmers' institute will be held at Algona, beginning Feb. 1. Editor J. S, Trigg of the. Rockford Register, will be leading man, Mr. Trigg is one of the best writers,on agricultural matters in Iowa, and while giving his hearers abundant food for reflection will by no means allow them to go hungry for suitable diversion. There is but one Joe Trigg.___ December In Iowa. The month was colder than usual in all parts of the state. The monthly mean as deduced from reports of 111 stations was 18.1. The highest monthly mean was 27.1 at Fort Madison, and the lowest, 9.7 at Estherville. The precipitation was generally yery lighti the average for the state being .48 o£ an inch. FOB time loans on real estate apply at Kossuth County State Bank. ,'2'"..if\ ,-.'ft ';?.»..'..;.'/..- iA'.w.».