The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 18, 1899 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 18, 1899
Page 6
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AND (UfiDM, 6£ iNtERESt AbRiCULtUfilSfS. 0*t- •otfea Cp-to-bftt* Bint* About • tlvntlon ot tit* Soil »nd ftleroef— Httrtlcnltnrt. Vltlcutturt «nd ' norlcnltnrft. NOTES OF THE WHEEL in«n that put veneering on the trees! ~ - • — a&d bind It on With wires, that they 1 MAtT ERS OF INTEREST TO DEV- Botnble Salts In Alkali Soil*. The electrical method ot salt deter- ttination In soils has been used in the axploration and Investigation of the alkali soils of the Yellowstone Valley (made by the department of agriculture. An examination wa's first made •of the general conditions In the valley and then a very minute study of a section of land which was just being ruined by the rise of alkali. This examination amounted to an underground survey of the field, and maps have been made showing the distribution of alkali at different depths. A great number of borings were made to a depth of 10 or 15 feet, and salt determinations were made In every G Inches or each foot In depth. Accurate maps have been made showing the amount and distribution of the alkali at several of these depths. It was tfounrt that In the original prairie soil above the ditch there Is not sufficient alkali to be Injurious to vegetation. (The amount of alkali was greater In the lower depths of the subsoil. As a rule, water Is used In excess on all •of these lands under irrigation, and rto such an extent that It accumulates 'in the subsoil. When the depth to (standing water is not more than 2 Jeet from the surface, alfalfa turns yellow and dies out. In all cases the first injury was from the accumulation of water from excessive applications through irrigation. Where this water remains for some time In the subsoil the alkali leaches down through seepage from higher lands, and Is brought 'up from the subsoil and accumulates at the surface In quantities sufficient to prevent the growth of cultivated plants. This underground survey of the alkali lands has given the most (important Information In regard to amount and distribution of the soluble salts and the way In which they accumulate in certain localities through overirrlgatlon. Strawberry Cultivation, Few growers of berries are aware of the Importance of using only select iplants to obtain the best, results In \raislng a fine quality and large quan- ftity of fine fruit, writes H. Gugal In iColman's Rural World. I think there are few growers of berries but what .twill admit that the best markets are easily glutted with Inferior fruit; while [there never yet was a market over- .Bupplled with choice fruit. In order to avoid overstocking or glutting the (markets, during the berry season, wo imust confine ourselves to smaller acreage, and a better quality of fruit, espe- jcially when it can be done at a very 'little extra cost. I One acre well prepared and well •planted with select plants, and well .cultivated during the growing season, iwlll produce as much fruit and of finer [quality, as four or five acres In the old '•way of full-matted rows and alley Slitits. Then, when It comes to pick- Bng, they can be found without using spectacles—every berry will be a ber- jry, and no make believes. In order |to grow fine berries, a liberal application of fertilizer Is necessary to pro- |3uce the best results, as fertilizer—especially barn-yard manure—improves moth quality and quantity. In order to Igrow fine berries H is necessary to begin the preparation of the soil the year (before. I plow under a good clover Bod, upon which has been broadcasted (barnyard manure at the rate of at least [twenty-five loads to the acre. Pulver- ttze well and plant to potatoes, culti- jvate thoroughly, and allow no weeds jto ripen seed. Then, when the potatoes are dry, sow to rye, if possible. ' During the winter give another ap- ipllcation of manure, and about March 16th turn rye under and manure. Follow turn plow with subsoller wherever possible or necessary; then roll land, followed by a good harrow, and if necessary roll and harrow a second time. .The land should then be in a fine condition to receive plants, but under no circumstances should the ground be worked while wet or sticky. As to varieties, the finest that has been grown successfully in your vicinity, should be selected. For hill system set plants fifteen inches in row, and from twenty- ilour to thirty inches between rows, for iialf-matted rows, plant eighteen 'inches in row, and thirty-six to forty Inches between rows. riftote the wires when they do the veneering. If the wires are not removed, as the trees grow the wires Will cut into them and it will ultimately result in the death of the trees. I have about 15,000 or more trees and I am protecting them with a good quality of sheeting. I tear it in strips about four Inches wide and wind It around the trees, taking It off In the spring. Cockl". Herewith we illustrate cockle, one of our most troublesome weeds. This OTEES OF THE BICYCLE. and very smooth branches freely and two is an annual throughout. It ... grows to the height of one to feet. The opposite leaves grow to- Rcbelllons Racing Men Are Willing to Talk with Old Governing; Body for Fa«r Treat- Talk With Old Officials—Gardiner mcnt. From the way things are shaping themselves it looks as if a peace might be patched up between the League of American Wheelmen and the disgruntled professionals who threw off t7e league yoke last fall and went It alone. The racing men believe that the league makes a good governing body, but think that some of the rules are too severe. Since they quit the league •.uui.. ~—- -I-*-— - - «„„— Severn. omue uiej' nun. <."u »~~ 0 -- the base varying In form | { members of the racing from oblong In the lower to ovate in the upper. The flowers are pink and are arranged in open cymes; that is, one in each fork on the branches. The way to get rid of the pest, after it has put in an appearance, is to cultivate thoroughly. If the land be devoted to hoed crops this will be easy, as the cockle cannot stand cultivation. When wheat sown care board have come around to this same way of thinking, and the chances are that tho next national assembly will throughly revise the racing rules and give the men what they want. When this is done, the men will once more ride under-league control. "We would just as soon ride under league control as any other," says Arthur Gardiner, at present acting president of the American Racing Men's Union, whose tentative fashion, but do not as yet seem to carry the general public with them. Necessitating a high hanger, they are unlikely to influence forms of THAT manufacture until a province of use- 'SHARK HKBS WHALE. fulness has been unmistakably marked out for them. Their adoption was first argued with force by an Austrian engineer of some note and he was ably seconded by Crompton, an English engineer of mature years. The advocates for their use seem to have been principally found among the veterans ot cycling, and thus the suspicion Is given color that long cranks are especially adapted for those whose muscular system no longer responds to nervous impulses with the automatic celerity ot youth. If this should be so the cranK movement may yet be credited with giving a valuable hint of greater value for the future than It could have been at any time in the past. , s WHEN IS A DEAD ONE THE LATTER story of » Banquet the South Sea*--The Come in Vait Swarms Thereof. Natnre In 8e* Wolves to Partake The presence of any large quantity of easily obtainable food is aways Warm Blood ionrsing through the veins, feeds, j and sustains all the organs, nerves, and tissues ot the body, flood's Sarg&pj" rllla makes warm, rich, pure blood, it y the best medicine yOTt can take in winter. It tones, Invigorates, stfengthena and foftl- fiea the whole body, preventing colds, teverg pneumonia and the grip. Ll^^jJI** Sarsa* HOOCI S Paring Is America's Greatest Medicine. Price |t Prepared by 0. I. & Co -» Lowell, Mas>. Hood's PHIS cure slck ?, eadacUe - . Cycle Path Machine. Cycle path building is becoming at, important industry in this country. Village Trustee Hedges of Greenport, L. I., has made a study of the subject and has invented a machine for the economical improvement and maintenance of cycle paths. The machine consists of a framework five feet long and three feet six Inches wide. At its rear is a thirty-inch roller that weighs one ton. Two scraper blades are suspended in front of the roller, set at such angles that they cause the loose soil in front of the roller to move back and forth to be smoothed out and packed down as the roller passes over it. The front end of the frame Is car- ripd on runners, the runners being made to level all ridges and push loose soil Into holes. The scrapers are operated by a lever on the driver's seat. The blades are adjustable and are manipulated by an ingenius combination of levers. mysterious means, heaven from what remote distance^ 11 has often occurred to us when whaling in the neighborhood of New Zealand to get a sperm The Retort Discourteous. Teacher— They tell me you ore a bad bov Thomas. Pupil— Hnhl You ought to hear my pa and ma_t«nt about youl should bo taken that it contains no cockle seed. The cockle becomes a great pest only on land where it is neglected. Morelos Orange Fruit Worm. Careful Investigation of the so- called Morelos orange fruit worm, a species which It Is feared accidentally introduced into the orange groves of California and Florida, has been made by the Department of Agriculture. The distribution of this insect in Mexico was unknown even to Mexicans, and the fears of this country were considered by the Mexicans to be largely imaginary. This season's Investigations, however, prove that this destructive fruit worm is distributed throughout all of Mexico east of the Sierra Madre mountains, and that it may at any time be Introduced into California in early fall oranges imported from that region. Farm Managers Wanted.—The editor of this paper receives a great many letters each year from wealthy gentlemen who own extensive farms and hards of dairy cattle, asking if we can recommend to them a man who is competent as a farm manager. Almost always we have to confess that we know of none. The demand is great, but alas, the supply is very limited. Why is this? We believe it is because of the following reasons: Too few farmer's boya are educated for that purpose. Where does the blame lie? First, with the farmers themselves. They will educate a boy to be a lawyer or doctor or banker. They know that in these lines he must have a well stored and well trained mind. But they spend scarcely anything on tho boy who wants to make a bright farmer of himself. Next, the boys themselves have a foolish notion that there is more for them in this life if they are lawyers or professional men of some sort. If we had been asked to furnish lawyers or doctors we could have shipped every inquirer a carload apiece. This is all wrong.— Hoard's Dairyman. ARTHUR GARDINER, members recently revolted from the league and became so-called outlaws. "All we want is fair treatment and the right sort of rules and we will ride for the-organization which gives them to us. We have not yet tied up with the Track Owners' Association, and will not do so until after the national assembly of the League of American Wheelmen, which meets in Providence, R. I., in February. If the league will so amend its rules that we can have fair treatment we may consider a proposition to go back. As it is now we are well united and will stick together to the end. We know what we want and will Insist.upon getting our rights. "One of our complaints is the way the racing board is run. Chairman Mott stays in Baltimore nearly all the time, but even at that he does not pay much attention to the league's business, letting his wife conduct his affairs, make fines and tell the racing men what they shall do. We do not wish to be bossed by a woman in this way. They say that Mott comes home from his business and asks, 'Well, what's new, my dear?' 'Oh, not much; I've finc*» So-and-so and suspended that Chicago man, but otherwise affairs are running smoothly.' And then Albert heaves a sigh of relief and goes out to draw his salary as chairman of the racing board." Proper Price of Bicycles. When Sir J. Wolfe Barry's paper on London streets and traffic appears in the Journal of the Society of Arts it will be found to contain glad tidings for cyclists. This is the passage: "The present price of bicycles will not, I suppose, rule very long, and we shall see these admirable machines made at prices which now seem unattainably cheap. The weight of a bicycle is so small that the value of the material, except the India rubber tires, cannot be serious. And if all the parts of a good machine made watch can be manufactured and put together and sold for less than £1, the .manufacture ana putting together of a bicycle ought not to cost more. If we add the cost ol the steel and the India rubber, it surely seems not too sanguine to suppose that a few years hence bicycles will be sold at about a fourth of their present price."—London News. Miller and His Bride. Profits of German Makers. A bicycle making concern in Dresden has just declared a profit of $30,700, out of which the stockholders were paid a dividend of 9 per cent. This is by no means an exceptional case; on the contrary, a great many concerns have already paid larger dividends on their capital stock. The news is instructive, for it proves how little real foundation there is for the belief that German cycle makers are so industriously spreading that the customs tariff on cycle imports should be heavily increased. Nor have the German cycle fittings makers any just cause for complaint, on the score of profitable occupation, if one may judge from the success of one rather small establishment making parts which in the past season declared to government officials that it made a profit of $80,000. whale alongside without a get a Bijei"' wnaie aiuus O hnve. sign of a shark below or a bird above. Within an hour from the time of oui securing the vast mass of flesh tme ship the whole area within at least an acre has been alive with a see hlng multitude of sharks, while from eveiy quarter come drifting silently an in Calculable host ol sea birds, converting the blue surface of the sea into tne semblance of a plain of new-fallen snow. The body of a whale before an incision is made in the blubber pie- Bents a smooth, rounded surface, almost as hard as India rubber, with apparently no spot where any daring eater could find toothhold. But, oblivious to all else save the internal anguish or desire, the ravenous sea wolves silently writhed in the density of their hordes for a place at the bounteous feast. Occasionally one pre-eminent among his fellows for enterprise would actually set his lower jaw against the black roundness of the mighty carcass and with a steady, sinuous thrust of his lithe tail, gouge put therefrom a mass of a hundred weight or so. If he managed to get away with it the space presented a curious corrugated hollow where the serrated, triangular teeth had worried their way through the tenacious substance, telling plainly what vigorous force must have been behind them. But it was seldom that we permitted such premature toll to be taken from our spoils. The harpooners and the officers from their lofty position on the cutting stage slew scores upon scores by simply dropping their keen-edged blubber spades upon the soft crowns of the struggling fish, the only place where a shark is vulnerable to instant death. The weapon sinks into the creature's brain, he gives a convulsive writhe or two, releases his hold and slowly sinks, followed in his descent by a knot of his immediate neighbors all anxious to provide him wltli prompt sepulture within their yearning maws. with own Above is a picture of Charles Miller, winner of the six-day bicycle race, and his bride. He was married in Chicago a few days after winning the notable contest. BRAVE PHILADELPHIA BELL ' Axle GreHne uud Orchard Trees. At the last meeting of the Central Illinois Horticultural Society the following discussion took place: Q.—Is there any simple and successful way to prevent rabbits from destroying the orchard trees H. M. Dunlap.—I have for 15 years used on my commercial orchard Fraz- *r's Axle Grease, and It has been very effective In keeping the rabbits from gnawing the trees. I put It on In November and December. I apply it with a brush, something as one would whitewash, but putting on a very thin eoatlng. I have never had my trees when so treated Injured by the rabbits. If a man has only a small home orchard he might use rags, as has been suggested by some pne, but if his time Is worth anything and if he has a large eonjnierctal orchard, he would do better to Uwy axle grease, I do not know that ftny kind of axle grease will hurt t tree, but it might be that some would. Perhaps all would t»e equally sate and effective. Some people use crude petroleum, but I consider that dangerous to the trees, or at least fear to upe jt. $om,e eay that if tb,,ere is porn in the fiel rabbits. TsriJJ not trouble tfce treegAbut I bare bad ift Soil Aeration. — By this term we mean the entrance of air into the soil, and its consequent effect. This is closely connected with the benefits accruing from an increase of depth. In many of our subsoils there is a quantity of inert plant food which is of no use unless it has been decomposed by the action of the air. When the air is admitted to the soil gradually from the surface and also from the drains direct, the oxygen of the air, in connection with moisture and heat, cause a chemical change to take place in all vegetable matter not well decomposed and fitted for plant food, and renders the soil richer as well as deep.— C. G. Elliott, Drainage Engineer. Winter Grown Pie Plant. — Growing pie plant in winter has passed the experimental stage and become a profitable industry. Thousands of dollars are paid the gardeners each winter for the product, which Is bought at high prices, both for borne consumption and for shipment. Any cellar or outbuilding which can be made absolutely frost PT°°* an d light proof will answer the purpose. There is no objection to the house cellar, as no manure and very little water are required, so no odor or dampness will wise. The labor of growing is so little and the profits go large that the most greedy ought to be satisfied with the results.— Ex. Two or tttf«e-year-old turkeys ar» better for breeding stock than young Bicycle Ideas. Here is shown the Protean gear, which by an expanding action in the large sprocket-wheel, enables the gear to be changed by back-pedal action at the will of the rider. The new French tire is easy to put on and take off; the initial joint, or seal, is made without the help of any air-pressure, and, in case of puncture, it can be ridden any distance without the least fear of corning off or injuring the rim. The lips which make the air-joint are, as will Public Barred In Germany. The public was not admitted to the recent large cycle exhibition held in Leipzig. The show was exclusively a trade affair, intended to bring manufacturers and dealers together,- and in this it was successful, more business having been transacted and important contracts closed than at any previous show. A. .-•a- birds. is a to sell oft all tfce pld &to<* every tb$ right outlet PROTEAN GEAR AND VALVELESS TIRE. be seen from the illustration, vertical in the rim, and, to inflate, the nose of the pump is just forced through a hole An Ingenious Bottle. A bottle from which liquid can be poured into a measuring glass without removing the stopper, and exposing the contents to the air, has been invented by Mr. L. K. Larrison, and is described in the Scientific American. The measurer is attached to the side of the neck of the bottle by two joints, the upper one of which is pierced by two holes. Through one of these the liquid runs from the neck of the bottle into the measurer, while through the other the air escapes from the measurer into the bottle. The stopper of the bottle is cut away at one side, and when this side is turned toward the holes, the liquid can be poured as described. The measuring- glass itself has a stopper, the removal of which Is the last step in the operation. Season's Debutante Who Can Well as Dauco, Miss Minnie Fell is one of the most exclusive debutantes of the austerely exclusive set of prim Philadelphia this season. She is a cousin of the Drexel brothers, and connected by family ties with almost everyone of note in the metropolis of Pennsylvania. But Miss Fell is not only a society girl, but an athlete as well, and if she makes as good a run for the honors of belledom as she made last week in the athletic world she ough to be a leader by the time the Lenten bells ring. All her friends around town are congratulating her on her courage and presence of mind when she recently captured a burglar in broad daylight on Broad street. She and Miss Pauline Blddle had just left the bo.x office of a theater, where they had been purchasing tickets, when a burly negro grabbed Miss Fell's pocketbook and was off with a rush. But Miss Fell was a "rusher" too. She pursued him down Broad street to Sansom and around the corners, until at Twelfth and Walnut she overhauled him, and, grabbing his coattails, hung on and screamed until a policeman came to her assistance. Owing to her desire not to have the affair made public she did not appear against the footpad, who only got ninety days in consequence; but such an escapade as that was bound to come out, and now all the town is talking about it. O of hftd health thiU ----g •riinn. Send 5 cents to Rlpanft Chemical Co.! Sework.fQT 10 »«mpl09 "nd 1 JM testimonial* A married woman can't be happy without creating- the impression that she has risen above her troubles. There Is n Class of People Who are injured by the use of coffee. Recently there has been placed in all the crocery stores a new preparation called GKAIN-O, made of pure grains, that takes the place of coffee. The most delicate stomach receives it with. out distress, and but few can tell it from coffee. It does not cost overon& fourth ns much. Children may drink it with great benefit. 15 cents and 25 cents per package. Try it. Ask for GRAIN-0. ______ _ The man who is fearless cnn go through twice as rnu-ch trouble as a coward. __ literary Notes. Senator G. G. Vest presents to the readers of the North American Review for January his "Objections to Annexing the Philippines " Chief _ among these is the necessity of ranking the people of those islands ultimately citizens of the United States. The January issue of the Art Interchange brings with it two pleasing color-plates— one a pretty bowl of nansies of brilliant coloring-, the other an arrangement of violets for the use of the decorator, Then there are the usiinl numerous designs which art- workers find so useful, covering all sorts of handicrafts. In pictorial resources the magazine is rich and varied, including a frontispiece of a skating scene from apaiutingeutitled "Winter Pleasures." The leading article in Appletons 1 Pooular Science Monthly for January is "a discussion of the "Industrial Evolution of Colonies," by James Collier. The subject has an especial interest for this country now, because of our new colonies, and the difficult problems which are sure to arise in connection with their management. "The World's Rough Hand," by H, Phelps Whitmarsh, is announced by the Century Co. Mr. Whitmarsh has here given a simple and unvarnished ncc-ount of a portion of his eventful and remarkable career. It reads like a romance, and yet it every where bears the marks of. truth. Mr. Wliitmarsh. is the son of an English clergyman, but there was implanted in bis nature the spirit of adventure too strong to be resisted. After following the sea . for several years ns a 'foremnst hand, -•. he went to Australia. Then lie became ; in rapid succession a "*tm -downer, "or , tramp, a silver-miner, a sheep-herder, \, a laborer, a beach-comber, a barber, a .', clerk, nnd a pearl-diver. His book is \ an absolutely frank account of all of * these varied experiences. Mr. 'Whit- : marsh is a keen observer, and he is ' graphic nnd dramatic in his ;i lescriptions. The Century Co., New York, has just j ssued the latest work of Dr. S. Weir j liu-hell, "The Adventures of Fran- jois," foundling, thief, juggler and encing-mastcr during the French Revolution. This novel is the first from Dr. Mitchell's pen since the appear- . ince of his wonderfully successful v 'Hugh Wynne." It is crowded full of i in the rim, so that It es about three-quarters of the" way up, when the lips separate to let the air in, and close of themselves as soon as the pump-stroke is finished. The LOUR Crank Movement. Long cranes, nine inches, have woo laurels among English riders and writers .of some influence. They are Isolation of Duwson City. It Is a curious and almost anomalous position that Dawson occupies. There are few if any towns of its size in all the world so locked away from the outside world for nine months in the yeav. Think of it! A city of 16,000 souls, and the center of a district of 30,000, a live, busy city, with the streets thronged with men, its big warehouses, its growing interests and civic problems, shut away entirely for at least three months in the year, during those seasons when the ice is forming and breaking, and with only occasional laborious communication durr ing three other months. Whatever happens of flre or flood or fortune, .c must remain for many weeks or A Flasr of Freoiouu Stones. A New York jeweler has combined patriotism with a very fine advertisement by making a copy of the Stars and Stripes, which is probably the most expensive flag in the whole world. It is quite small, only 7 inches by 4 inches, but is worth at least $17,500. It is entirely composed of precious stones. It has thirteen stripes and forty-two stars. The white stripes are of small diamonds, 800 of which go to make them up. The red stripes are rubies, the same in number and size as the diamonds. For the blue field there are about 300 sapphires, with forty-two large diamonds for stars This unique flag is displayed In the jeweler's window on Broadway, and attracts a constant crowd. championed by a few companies In & | outside. unknown to ttw world I'opor IJnth Uobes. Bath robes made of paper are now manufactured, and their U8e ls becom ing quite a. fad. The kind of mateHa used resembles blotting p apei . ? quickly dries the body, aud as the pa per is » bad heat conductor the much dreaded cold after the bath can b avoided. Whole suits are made of th paper stuff, including coverings for h head -and feet. On, adva ,fad is the cheapness poor :ment ( making it pOM i We tor «st to own O n«, idventm-c, and is n -vivid picture of ;l ifeduring one of the most thrilling"" episodes of modern times. The story s romimtic and picturesque, and is'il marked by keen wit and strong char-;l acter delineation. With fifteen full-^l :>age illustrations by AndreCastaigne. ;j 12mo, 321 pages.price $1.50. The deepest hole in the earth is near. Ketschau. Germany. It is 5,735 feet in depth, and is for geological research only. The drilling was begun in 1880,1 and stopped six years later because the;..! engineers were unable with theinstruv raents to go any deeper. • Mrs. McKinley's health has greatly |l improved since she went to Washing-1| ton. In the past two yea'-s she h~~ gained twenty pounds in weight. ONE GOOD DEALER WANTED in every town where not represented. NOXAUb PURE MIXED PAINTS Finest and most durable. Colors always uniform and guaranteed. ENTERPRISE PAINT MFC. CO,, Makers, Chicago. Or, Kan's Renovator, , liver uiiil kiauoy diseases, heaauclms, etc. At druggists, 25o a LADIES Reliefj at

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