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BY INOMAM A WARREN TAfrma to Subscriber*. Oitt copy, 6t»e year.. «*•»« One copy, MX months.. •••• J* Onfccopy, three fflottttts « Sent to any address at above rates.^ . Remit by dhitt, money order, or eipress or Bates of advertising sent on application. Anglo*Sa*on Race Instinct* The notable feature of the past year has been the great and sudden change iti public sentiment regarding the duty and destiny of the United Stales. The year has illustrated how readily radi cal changes are made when they ll< along the lines of race instinct. Near ly every great opportunity that has come to the American people to ex pand has come suddenly and come at a time when strong prejudices were aroused In opposition. And yet in ev ery instance in a single year the geog raphy of the world has been rearranged, new and untried duties have been assumed, and hostages have been given to the future. Expansion is the natural law of the Anglo-Saxon race The Anglo-Saxons scatter and cover -the earth just as the Chinese swarm and concentrate, and if there be a "manifest destiny," it is clearly that the English speaking people are to be everywhere. We may grant the wis dom in theory of all that such men as Senator Hoar say, but we act exactly as though they had not spoken, just as the farmer may admit that he has more land already than he can care for with out anxiety, while at the very time he is bargaining for an adjoining farm Race instinct is deeper than any theory It is the impelling motive, and while we may philosophize one way, as Jef ferson did about the powers of the government, we act the other, as Jefferson did when he took Louisiana. The Anglo-Saxon was known In the very beginning as a free holder, a man who owned his own land. "Land hunger'" is said to be his vice. This may or may not be true, but land hunger has driven him to the ends of the earth and he has carried with him the other great instincts of his race, individual independence, u sense of impartial justice, respect for women and social purity, and a democratic form of government. These foundation principles of all civilization worth the name have vindicated every land seizure he has ever made, just as they vindicate American occupation of thePhilippines, and wherever he has gone social order, education, peaceful commerce, equality before the law, protection of life and property have followed. If there be a survival of the fittest and a conflict for existence the supremacy of the Anglo Saxon can only be regarded as in the divine order. In any event as the races of the world are now known civiliza tion in any broad sense rests on this supremacy. Tho advent of American rule in Cuba, Porto Rico and the Phil ippines is merely the letting of sun light into a dark hole, and everybodj knows it. It is both our privilege and duty—our destiny in fact. We ma} talk about shirking, but we shall no shirk. We stand at the opening of a new year on the threshold of a r.ew anc greater opportunity, and in our new relations we illustrate anew how "the thoughts of men are widened with the process of the suns." Bryan's Plan Is Futile. Mr. Bryan has not yet pointed oui any advantage that would accrue to the Filipinos if they should be allowed tt organize an independent republic. They would have no better government, assuming that they made a success o: it, than they would as a colony of the United States. Asa colony they would have exactly the kind of a government that our territories have had, and there has never been any complaint that oui .territorial governments have not been -adequate. They would have their own legislature or congress, levy their own taxes, make their own expenditures, and have the same kind and degree ol self government that Canada now has. In so far as local self-government is in- .volved, connection with the United States would not in any way impair its full and free exercise. On the other hand the dangers and disadvantages of the attempt to establish an independent republic are apparent. In the first place the Philippines are in the very hot bed of eastern contention, and in the end would be gob bled up by Russia, Germany or Japan, if they lose our protection. Then, too, there is no reason to believe that the people are capable of maintaining a republican form of government, except under the direction and control of some .efficient and experienced outside power. ,Th,ere is pot one chance in a thousand "tftftt jtb,ey would have as liberal or just a/goyernmeat as an independent repub- Jh,at they would have as a colony of independent WlJ fJ!(Abli§hed saw the dan- fi9»e under our pro- W did m,any years flP Owbft will in yme, The if they meat by the temptation to establish a government of their own. Mr. Bryan's argument is exactly that that was used to prevent a union of the colonies In Washington's time, and ex- ftctly that that was used to break the untott up after it was organized. Every colony was led to believe that it would lose Its liberties and be swallowed up in an imperial despotism if a union was perfected and maintained. But the truth all the time was that the fate of any real democracy hinged upon the establishment and maintenance of an efficient central government. The only possible chance there is for the success of republican institutions in the Philippines is that this country shall retain Full control, and that they shall become a part of the great federation which in the end is to carry popular government to the ends of the earth. Senator Allison's Position. With Senator Merrill's death Senator Allison becomes the senior member of the United States senate. John Sherman alone was ahead of him. He becomes also entitled by custom to the chairmanship of the finance committee, considered the leading committee in the senate. But Senator Allison has been for years chairman of the committee on appropriations, an equally responsible and influential chairmanship, and may not care to change. In that event Senator Aldrich, a close friend of Senator Allison, will succeed Senator Morrill. Senator Allison entered the senate in 1873, and has been re-elected every six years since that time practically without opposition. Senator Hoar, who is qualified to speak, says he is now the most influential man in the senate. It is certainly true that the course of legislation has been singularly in accord with his known views. He is a close and confidential advisor ol President McKmley. His opinions are always conservative, his methods are conciliatory. He aims to accomplish what the average judgment endorses, and what all sides can in the end com promise on. Thus while he never startles the public he invariably in the end molds public action. The republican party could have fallen to pieces dozens of times during the past 30 years. That it has always been able to agree upon a policy has been due to a few men like Senator Allison. His presence in Washington and his great influence will go far lo insure a safe and substantial policy in dealing with the problems arising out of the late war. Iowa is proud of its senior senator. COMPTROLLER DA WES spoke in Chicago Saturday before the commercial club. Practically all that he recommended in the way of currency reform was President McKinley's suggestion that when greenbacks are paid in foi gold that they be held until gold is again exchanged for them. He sale that the chief danger now is in attempting too many changes. He did not pretend to speak for theudministration but it is easy to infer that he did not speak without having had some prev ious consultation with the president. NEWS AND OOMMENT. Congressman Dolliver is to give the address in New York City on Grant's birthday. Horace Mann knew Romero, the Mexican minister, who died at Washington last week. He says he was a very gonia! and popular man. The Dubuque Times says: Senatoi Funk will now take the stand and explain whether the newspapers which have mentioned him for tho governorship have taken his name in vain. An examination will be held at Fort Dodge Jan. 11-12 to select a boy from the Tenth district for West Point. Before going to Port Dodge candidates should pass a thorough physical examination by n competent physician, and should carry with them the physician's certificate to that effect; and they will be given a thorough examination in reading, spelling, arithmetic, English grammar, geography, and history of the United States. The age must be between 17 and 22. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. Dr. McAllister of Spencer has gotten married to Miss Fannie Spencer of Alden. Alex. Carpenter of Seneca shipped 69 geese to Chicago last • week. They weighed nearly 700 pounds, Emraetsburg Democrat: J. E. King came over from Algona to spend Christmas with his wife and family. Rolfe has a curfew ordinance, and the Reveille says a thousand violations have resulted in not a solitary arrest. Armstrong Journal: Amy Peugnet and Miss Nettie Matson were married at Algona last night. Amy has a host of friends here who will join with the Journal in wishing them unbounded happiness, West Bepd Journal: Henry Dorweiler and daughter Maggie, the Misses Mary and Josie, daughters of Philip Oorweiler, John Dorweiler and Henry Bonetetter left Monday for a holiday visit in Clayton county. Guy Dalton's many friends will be iterested io this Uem from the Cor- witb. Orescent: Mr. apd Mrs, G. L. Walton will leave for their luture home •his week at Titonka, where Mr, JRal* too has secured a more remunerative wsHion. a.g a whjer of one of Titooka's Jt will pay the feeneflolarifn <?f PUP Beacon: When considering the factors which have given Spirit Lake in 1898 the greatest trade in its experience the Spirit Lake flouring mill should have a conspicuous place. Farmers from many miles have been drawn here to mill, and to come again. Speaking of the wedding at the Edmonds home the Wesley Reporter says: Miss Edmonds is a well known teacher and was liked by all who knew her. Mr. Thomas is a fine young gentlemen with good character. He is a brother to Mrs. Lehman and Mrs. Smock of this place. The Reporter wishes them along life and a happy one, Estherville Republican: Dolliver. although a comparatively new place, is attracting more and more attention. Geo. E. Marble of Burt, Iowa, has a store there in which F. R. Col burn figures as head man. The farmers around here are experiencing how convenient it is to get their mail and sup plies here instead of trudging the long and weary roads to town. Corwith Crescent: W. L. Mitchell made his weekly pilgrimage to Algona last Sunday. Although our people were thoughtful of W. L. on Christmas eve and gave him a maiden—of china ware— to preside over his bachelor quarters, and a long red stocking filled with numerous articles, yet they could not satisfy his longing, and as a resull Algona has our mayor a good deal of the time. Estherville Republican: Chas. Kraft informed the writer that of the six stores the Kraft Clothing company has in different parts of the state, the one at Estherville has done the largest and best business for the past three months. This Mr. Kraft attributes to the town. This is no doubt partially true. But the fact that Mr. Kraft is a gentleman and a good business man has as much to do with his big trade as anything. The Sherman boys have been visiting Al. Adams, and he says a true wore about them: On Monday we had the pleasure of greeting in our sanctum four* stalwart sons of the Ed. Shermat family of Upper Grove, Mr. Tom Sherman, tho jolly Bancroft bunker, Mr. Ed. Sherman, Jr., one of the editors o the Fort Dodge Chronicle, and Joe anc Richard. The Sherman boys are all o genuine worth. There are no sore spots on any of them. They all, old and young, appreciate their friends anc their friends all appreciate them. We are always glad to see any and all ol those staunch friends. Their friendship is worth having for friendship's sake alone. It is genuine. THE MONTH'S MAGAZINES. Miss Cecilia Beaux, easily first among American women artists, and one of the strongest portrait painters of the day, has made a striking head of Admiral Sampson, from life, which appears as the frontispiece of the January number of The Century. This is apropos of the second installment ol Lieut. Hobson's "Merrimac" papers, ir which the sinking of the collier, as directed by the admiral, is vividly but modestly described by the hand that did it. The tic- count is of absorbing interest, and of itsell would make this number of the magazine remarkable. St. Nicholas starts out upon the new year with drums beating and colors flying though it is wholly innocent of reference to the war. Its nearest approach to the sub ject is the opening article, "Three Little Spanish Princesses," by Isabel McDougall with three full page reproductions of paintings by the greatest of Spanish portrait painters, Velasquez. It Is a far cry from these grave little Spanish ladies, bnviet long ago, to "Mark Twain's Pots," "the prettiest and daintiest mousers that evei basked in an atmosphere of fame." Tltoiikn'H New Editor. The Western Printer of Des Moines publishes a portrait of Miss Ella Graham with the following sketch ol her career. Her new paper is to be the Titonka Pioneer: The above is a correct likeness of the handsome young editress of the Forest City Summit and she is just as bright as she is hand some. Can we say more? Miss Graham hails from Britt and began her news paper career in that town. It is scarce ly necessary to say that she was started aright under the tutelage of the Ways who have devoted so many years successfully to the newspaper business, and E. N. Bailey, that jolly, fat "prince of good humor," who has wielded the pen on the Tribune as long as the writer can remember. Miss Gruhara'i first experience as a writer was in cor responding for various city dailies, Then she did local work for both the Britt News and Tribune. She resigned her position on the News just previous to the last session of the legislature to accept the chief clerkship of a senate committee of which Senator Funk of Iowa Falls, if our memory serves us rightly, was chairman. After the adjournment of the session she accepted the position which she now holds as editor-in-chief of the Summit. Mr. Gilbertson, the owner of this most excellent piece of newspaper property, has given her entire control of the paper, both editorially and locally, and her work has demonstrated fully that Mr. Gilbertson could not have made a better selection. About the first of the year she expects to embark in the publishing business on her own account. She will establish a new paper at Titon- kn, the new town on the B., C, R, & N. extension in Kossuth county. Miss Graham is very enthusiastic in the work. She is a member of the Upper Des Moines Editorial association, and takes a prominent part in all the meetings. Such additions as this will aid materially In keeping the standard of Iowa journalism up to the high mark it has justly attained. HOBABT'S GOOD RECORD, As n Shipping Station our Western Neighbor Is at the Prom. Hobart during 1898 has shipped out 81 cars of oats, 78 cars of corn, 15 cars of flax, 366 cars of hay, two cars of potatoes, J4 cars of cattle, 69 cars of hogs, two cars of sheep, S3 cars of barlev 83 cars of wheat, a total of 673 cars. Puring the year Hobart has shipped In 49 cars ot coal, two cars of flour, four caps of brick, three cars of salt, four cars of emigrants'movables, eight cars of lumber, one oar of agricultural Implements, and two cars of tile. A 4 ' >J ' '• *;.'/8>* tk!&.l*,!Ki',.„«;.' ',J2«1H THE PROPOSED NEW SCHOOL BUILDING FOR ALGONA, WILL BE A MODEL OF CONVENIENCE AND ABOHfEOTTmAL BEAtJTY, School Board Met Last Evening and Decided Upon the Pew Changes in the Plans that Will Be Made-Specifications to Be Drawn at Once —Smith & Ontterson the Architects. Filipinos. A good deal of money will be spent in providing coaling ftndL naval-repair stations, which will be fittea up with the inost approved machinery, similiar to the navy yard at San Sran- '•»; The school board met last evening and agreed upon all the changes they propose in the plans of the new high school building, submitted by Ihe architects. The new specifications will be prepared at once, and bids invited. It is expected that everything will be in readiness for work to begin as soon as the frost is out of the ground. The cut of the building as published herewith, gives a good idea of its appearance without the tower. Another plan has a tower in the place of the gable in the center of the front. Bids will be received on both plans, and it will not be finally decided by the board which to adopt until the bids are in. west, and the fact that their plans have been accepted will be a guarantee that Algona will get a good building. The foundation of the building will be of stone. The basement above the ground will be of brick with a stone water table. The building proper will be of buff pressed brick With slate roof. The water closets will be in the basement and the water works and sewer flush system will be adopted, me basement will be nine feet above the ground level, and two fine big rooms will be saved for any use needed. The first floor of the building will have four school rooms 32x23 feet in size. There are double cloak rooms The architects of the building are Smith & Gutterson of Des Moines, who have done much of tho best work in Iowa. Their plans were accepted for the new state historical building at Des Moines, which will rank next to the capitol. They are also likely bidders for the new Des Moines library building. They won one of the prizes in competition with 24 of the leading architects of Chicago and the west for the new state university building. They also built the new Congregational church at Mason City, said to be as handsome as any in this part of the state. They rank with the best in the for enoh room, and stairs at each end of the hall to the second floor. The second floor will have two school rooms on tho west side 32x23 feet. On the east side the high school room will be 49x36i, occupying the northeast corner, tho southeast corner will have two recitation rooms opening from the high school room, one 22x14 and one 151x14. The building is 93ix67 feet outside measurements, and is estimated to cost $12,600. It will be tasty in appearance, and perfect in arrangement. If the plan without the lower is adopted, it will be modern and up-to-date in stylo. POLITICAL NOTES. Gov. Shaw will be renorainated. Indian Agent Jenkins of Estherville says Iowa will make a great mistake if it'fails to send Senator Gear back. Director Roberts said lust Friday that the United States now holds tho largest gold reserve ever possessed by any nation, the grand total being $910,000,000. Carroll Herald: Hon. A. D. Clarke of Algona is spoken of as Senator Funk's probable successor. If the people won't give the Spirit Lake senator a fourth term they can do no better than choose A. D. Clarke. Senator Morrill served nearly 44 years in congress, nearly 32 years in the senate. He entered congress with John Sherman, but outstayed him. He has beaten all previous records for length of time at the capitol. He was an able and influential man. Speaking of that rumor that Congressman Sana Clark is to be a candidate for governor, the Kepkuk Gate City says: "The Gate City is not authorized-by Mr, Clark to speak for him in this matter or any other affecting him personally, but it knows the gentleman well enough to know that he isn't hankering for any office under the sun." The Ogden Reporter is opposed to the retirement of the greenbacks, and says that Hon. A, B. Cummins has weakened his strength as a candidate for the United States senate by joining Goy. Shaw in support of the "Indianapolis plan." The Carroll Herald says: " We hope to see Mr. Cummins part company with the money tinkerers. Iowa peoule are not extremists on that question." Geo. E. Roberts writes to the Fort Dodge Messenger: The most remarkable feature of the trade situation is the decline in our imports simultaneous with the increase in our exports. For the 11 months ending Nov. 30 last, our exports were $1,117,681,199 against $888,657,315 in the same months of 1896, while in the same months of 1898 our imports were only $579,844,153 against $622,598,896 in the same months of 1896. That is a marvelous trade situation. The favorable balance of trade for the year 1898 will be about $600,000,000. With so much of our former interest payments now due at home instead of abroad, how is Europe to settle with us? There is much speculation as to what senator will succeed Senator Morrill as chairman of the senate committee on finance. The committee is generally considered as in some respects the most important in the senate. Senator Allison, who is now chairman of the appropriations committee, has, since Senator Sherman's retirement, stood next to Senator Morrill on the finance committee, and under tho unwritten rules of the senate he would succeed to the chairmanship if he should desire to do so, and the best opinion obtainable is that he will so decide. In order lo take this place he would have to surrender his chairmanship of the committee on appropriations, but in view of the probable changes in the senate committee, he would not velinquish such an important place as he would under other circumstances. Senator Allison declines to discuss the probability, saying that he has not had time to give attention to the matter. If Senator Allison should decline the chairmanship of the finance committee, that place would then fall to Senator Aldrich. There appears to bo very little doubt that the rules of the senate will be changed very soon after the reassembling of the senate, so as to take the majority of the appropriations bills from the commit. the on appropriations n.nd distribute them among the other committees. If it is made it will to an extent diminish the importance of the appropriations committee, and will likely have no little influence in determining Senator Allison's disposition towards changing committees. Tliey Don't Ijlye In Algona. Bailey: There is .printing enough sent out of Britt every month to be done to keep either of its job office running every day, and give work to another first class printer, and strange as it may seem a large per cent, of this is sent by men who yell until the atmosphere is blue if anyone sends to Montgomery, Ward & Co., or lo any Chicago wholesale house for groceries or clothing. We can count a dozen men right on our fingers who buy stamped envelopes, and others who use statements without their name and business on them, and others who use "Gargling oil envelopes," and any one of them would kick to the bright eternity if we would print their names here. And we know men elected to one-horse offices who buy their blanits in Mason City, and others who don't take a home paper, and others who don't use a letter-head with their business card on them, and still they yell: "Standby home industries." The job offices of Britt can do as good work and as cheap for the same grade of work as any first- class office. But the bigger tha reformer the less he patronizes home industry, and the louder he yells the more he sends out of town for h'is work. We often wish the farmers who support the towns could see exactly as they might see how much home support some of these men whom they patronize give in a year. There would be less millinery bought in Chicago or Mason City, less furniture shipped in, and less of a great many other commodities bought outside of Britt, and some who make the most noise about sending out of town for goods would begin to practice that same virtue themselves. It is an actual fact that nine times out of ten when yon send to Montgomery Ward for anything you could buy better and cheaper at home, and you lose money, and it is also true that men will send out of Britt for printing that they wouldn't use under any circumstances if _it was printed nt a home office, and neither could we stay here and do such printing on such stock. But hogs don't all wear bristles, and all communities are alike. They have the same fellows and can't help it. The President and the Philippines. President MoKinley takes a very sensible view of what is needed in our new possessions, as reported by Wm. E. Curtiss in the Chicago Record: The president's plan for a government in the Philippine islands is the same that he has for Cuba—a liberal allowance of home rule so far as he can find competent natives to administer affairs—the finance, the commerce, the customs, the schools, public works and the gen' erul direction of affairs to be in the hands of Americans of experience. The tariff will be for revenue only, and will be arranged to produce a sufficient amount to maintain the government and the schools and provide for a general system of public works which will aid in the development of the wealth and commerce of the country The military forces are to be a mixture of Americans and natives under *^e command of American officers uu- J t mi n ?u • 8 ( 5 an be P l '°Perly educated o fill their places. The postottices will be under the direction of trained men from the United States, but so far - possible the eubordinateV will be In the customs duties ho advantage will be given to merchandise from the United States at present—not until congress shall act'upon the subject; not will the president favor arty change in our tariff laws so far as they affect the products of the Philippine islands. It Is expected that the immigration of Filipinos to the United States will follow the establishment of a colonial government and will have to be regu> lated, but he will not recommend any immediate legislation on the subject; He thinks it would be wise to postpone action in all matters until we know better what is needed and what IB practical, in other words, the president takes the ground that neither he nor congress is competent at this time to solve the Philippine problem, and he Is willing to await develomnents. While he has reached nodeclsionattd will make no recommendations on the subject, it is believed that sooner or later the president will recommend that the $20,000,000 indemnity which has been paid 'to Spain shall ultimately be charged against the Filipinos, and both the interest and principal paid from their revenues. He does not think it should be a charge against the people of the United States, although, ns in all other matters, he reserves the right to change his mind on this subject. Senor Agoncillo, the agent of Agul- naldo, who followed the peace commissioners to Paris and back again, declares his intention to stay in Washington until the Philippine problem is finally settled, and will devote his energies to the assistance of the anti-expansionists in the hope of securing an independent government under Aguinaldo. ___^_____ JUST 30 YEAB8 AGO. The board of supervisors met Jan. 4, Addison Fisher, Abram Hill, and G. W. Olmstesid present. Mr. Fisher was elected chairman. Lewis H. Smith resigned as county auditor and Marcus Robbins was chosen by the board. H. C. Parsons was township clerk of Irvington, and B. W. Watson of Algona. Levi Leland and John C. Chapin were justices. The county auditor was then merely the clerk of the board, and his salary was fixed at $500. -j- •+• -7- Geo. W. Mann, father of Horace Mann, resigned as justice of the peace. The following valuations were fixed for assessing property for taxation: Timber land $4 to $20 an acre, prairie $1.80, horses $15 to $45, oxen $30 to $40 a yoke, cows $8 to $10, wagons $10 to $50. . ' Wm. Clea'ry and O. Benschoter asked for a road from the county road north, running east. It is the road that goes by the Thos. Gilbride farm and so on east a mile north of Wesley. David Haggerty claimed $150 damages and D. Rice, Jas. Roan and M. Smith were appointed to appraise. The following resolutions are interesting: Resolved, That the sheriff [Jack Pinkerton] be authorized to procure a pair of handcuffs and shackles at the expense of the county. Resolved, That the salary of the sheriff be fixed at $75 for the year 1869. Resolved, That the territory in the following congressional townships, towit: 98, 99, 100 in range 29, and 98, 99, 100 in range 30 be formed into a new township to be called "Greenwood." A. E. Wheelock was county clerk, and H. M. Taft recorder, J. L. Paine clerk of courts, J. E. Stacy treasurer, and John Reed county superintendent. Mrs. Dr. Garfleld presented THE UPPER DES MOINES with a roll of butter of her own make. The paper acknowledged it and said: "It is an undisputed fact that though there are many excellent butter makers in this county, Mrs. Garfield's butter has never been excelled, if equalled by any, and always commands a higher price in the market than any other." "The Northern Vindicator is the name of the paper just issued at Estherville by Bates & North up. It is a seven column sheet, handsomely gotten up, and the initial number bears evidence of an able and experienced hand. We wish it the fullest measure of success." -T- -f- -TJ. K. Fill of Irvington made 212 gallons of molasses from an acre of sugar cane. Christmas day, 1868, Abe Hill and some others took 11 fine deer. Deo. 31 John G. Smith and F. C. Willson brought in a fine buck. Its antlers now udorn the court room. H- -j- -r Mrs. E. W. Clarke, of Riverdalenow, wrote a brief sketch of her mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Tidd, who died Sep. 29, in her 80lh year. She had gone to Dr. Armstrong's to visit, and shortly after retiring in her usual good health made a slight complaint and died without a struggle. -f- -i- HA fellow named Charles Ellis came to Algona, haying eloped from Waseca with his wife's sister. He thought he was out of the world, but he wasn't. He languished 40 hours in the Algona jail and then patched it up with his father- in-law and was let loose. THE TITON.KA BOOM, The New Town Still Heats the Record-A Postmaster Appointed. The boom at Titonka is still on and buildings are going up, some as Alladin used to do it with his lamp. Miss Ella Graham has been appointed postmaster and will open an office soon, Titonka is exceptional in having a lady editor and lady postmaster, both. THE TEACHERS ABE DOMING, The Northwestern Teachers' Association Billed tor Algowa In April. It eeems that about 800 teachers will be in Algona in April. The meeting 1ms been fixed and it is high time the town began to get ready. It will be a Pig time for us all.