The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 14, 1898 · Page 8
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 14, 1898
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Page 8
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THE UPPMt MJS MOINES: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, PEOEMMEB 14, 1898. Silver moveittes, Bowyer's Sterling Silver and Cut Glass Peppers and Salts at 15 cents each have been the talk of the town. Salve boxes for 10 cents. Sterling silver toilet sets are the rage this year, and all Sterling trimmed goods. Don't miss Bowyer's display of trimmed pocket books, clothes brushes, brooms, manicure sets,, combs, pearl paper cutters, silk suspenders, nail files, button hooks, shoe boxes, hair curlers, stamp moisteners> seals, letter openers, tooth brushes, nail brushes, cuticle knives, corn knives, erasers, and nail buffers. Solib anfc flMateb Silverware. All our plated ware is the best quadruple plate. Special bargains in tea sets. A big line of china cracker jars silver trimmed, butter dishes, berry dishes china and cut glass, napkin rings. Solid silver spoons of all kinds. Cut (Slass anb Gfoina. A fine line of Staple Cut Glass in tumblers, berry dishes, water pitchers, nappies. All new and stylish cuttings at special prices. Fancy leather belts, belt buckles, solid gold lace pins, guard chains, gents' chains, scarf pins, lockets, cuff buttons, charms, studs and emblem pins. Everything in solid gold. fi * * 899 Twenty-one Years in Business in Algona. Diamonds AND REAL STONE Rings. Prices that cannot be equaled in Kossuth county will be made on diamond, opal, amethyst, ruby and garnet rings, all pure stones. A fine display from which to choose. All kinds of solid gold plain and band rings. Stock new. CLOCKS ORNAMENTAL AND PLAIN. Handsome Dresden china clocks, also nickel clocks, heavy stone and iron mantle clocks, all warranted for two years. Eight-day clocks for from $2.68 up. Gold Pens AND PENCILS - The Aiken & Lambert gold pens are known to everybody. Our stock must be reduced and prices '• will be made an object. Gold, pearl, or wood hold- l ers, gold pencils, picks, etc. Ufa Salei Any kind of watch you want. I Finds him with the largest and best stock of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, Cut Glass, Sterling Silver, and the most valuable make of silver plated ware he has ever brought to Algona. This stock was personally selected by Mr. Bowyer in Chicago, and contains the latest styles, combined with the best qualities. Bowyer's reputation has been built up on the quality of his goods. When you buy of Bowyer you know it is right. Moral: Buy of Bowyer. Optical Goods. Mr. Bowyer is a graduate optician, getting his diploma May 10, 1892, at Springfield, 111. Glasses fitted and work guaranteed. Prices one-third less than usually charged by specialists. ! Gold and Silver Watches. See our beautiful Chatelaine watches for ladies, also 14-karat solid gold ladies' watches, 0 and 6 size; ladies' 14-karat filled case watches, warranted for 25 years. In gents' watches a fine display of solid gold and gold filled cases, 18 ; size. (**-«« -»t v« +» •*• ** gEIL MACDQMtiLD Copyright. i898.b&ttffauthot -SiSssaJs**^ ceive presents, and in the cities and towns groups of them ask for gifts from the people they see on the streets and in shops and houses. They rarely meet with a. refusal, and those who would never.think of making presents at any other time give with apparent cheerful- THE EOYAL ACADEMY From time immemorial New Year's day has been regarded in Scotland as the most notable day of the whole year. Previous to the introduction of Christianity it shared in importance among the Druids with May day, known even now among Scottish Celts as "latha bnie Beltane"—i. e., the yellow day of Bel's fire. Among the Druids New Year's day was signalized by special rites and observances distinctive of their mysterious creed. The sacred mistletoe was cut by the priests with peculiar ceremonies and distributed among the people, wh'o regarded these gifts with great veneration and •attributed occult power and much virtue to them. After Christianity was established the Druid- ioal observances fell generally into disuse, and the clergy turned the day into a Christian festival, the feast of the circumcision. Its celebration was, however, regarded as of secondary importance compared with Christmas and Good Friday, though it never ceased to be popular among the people as a eeou- lar holiday. Some of the customs which distinguished the day in Druidical times survived centuries after the introduction of Christianity, notably that of lighting bonfires on New Year's eve. At night- fajl each household would light a fire, and it was thought of the utmost importance that it should continue burn ing until midnight. A character of sacredness was attached to this fire, and as it burned brightly, or the reverse, so it was imagined would be the fortune of the family during the following year. This observance, coming down from the lime of the Druids, is etill general in Wales, J do not think it has been observed among the Scottish Celts for FACTS ABOUT ENGLAND'S GREAT AND WEALTHY SOCIETY. How the Members and Associates Are Elected—The Institution's Die Fund and the Good Worlis That Are Done With It. To become a Royal academician, or at all events an associate, is the ambition of every young artist, for membership in the academy means much more than the mere right to put the letters R. A. after one's name and to exhibit pictures in the fine galleries at Burlington House. In the first place, an academician is an esquire by right and not merely by courtesy, and, further, he is entitled, should he ever come on hard times, to a substantial pension of between £850 and £400 a year. If be dies leaving bis widow unprovided for, the academy allows her a liberal sum for her maintenance. The associates and the associates' widows are also entitled to pensions on a AT NIGHTFALL EACH HOUSEHOLD WOULD LIGHT A FIRE. ness on this occasion. Coming to the door of a house the children cry, "Hog- manay, hogmanay I" and one of their favorite rhymes is: Else up, gude wife, and shake your feathers, i Dinna think that we are beggars; j We are bairns come to play j And to seek our hogmanay. i Various explanations have been given I of the term "hogmanay." One of these ! claims that it is a corruption of the ' French phrase, "Au gui mene«" (lead I on to the mistletoe), a ory which 'in I some parts of France the boys that go around seeking gifts on the last day of i December are said to use, Plausible as this may be, I think the word more likely to be a corruption of the Gaelic expression, "Thug do mi" (give to me), which, pronounced with the "t" mute, as it must be, and hurriedly, would same as the word so sound almost the - -.. -. ......... , M . , familiar to all the boys and girls in the many centuries, though other features | lowJan(Js O f Scotland, of the celebration of the day Which stUJ Among the Celtic population of Soot- remain give mute testimony of the ancient veneration with which fire was regarded by the primitive British people, The Scottish reformation restored New Year's day to the Scottish people as the sole holiday of the year. It has been regarded, however, as a purely secular oae, though as the ppening day of a new year the occasion was considered appropriate for religions services. In some of the churches the closing mo mentsof the old year and the opening ones of the new are spent in devotional eieroiees, but the groat majority of the. people hail the ftdvent o| ajROthwr year Jo a very diSeieat mjanner. "' renlng preceding the lit of fenown aj holmjjo^, is a for rejoicing on the land a number of years ago it was customary for groups of boys on New Year's eve to go around from house to house with the "croioionn colluinn" (literally, skin of the feast), a baglike arrangement of a sheepskin. One of the number would rap at the door, and on being admitted would walk three times in front of the fire, or around it if possible, with the skin bag and demand » New ¥ear'f gift Jo? himself and com- pauions. The gift, which invariably was forthcoming, was placed in the bag, and the boys would then all join in #ew Year's carol, in which b§ invoked gpon the bouaebold. TbeBritisiii museum library has com* somewhat smaller .scale, so that there are many reasons apart from the honor and glory why the painter, sculptor or architect should wish to become a member of the powerful and wealthy body. When therefore a young artist begins to get on, when he has his pictures well hung year after year, when they find ready buyers and are talked about in society, he takes the first step toward election by suggesting to one of the academicians that he should put his name down on the list of candidates. Once down his name stays on the list, either until he dies or is elected or voluntarily removes it, and this explains why one finds on the roll of candidates the names of many artists once popular, but long since forgotten by the public. When a vacancy occurs among the associates, printed copies of this list on blue foolscap paper are sent to all the members, together with a request that they shall attend at the academy on a certain evening, when an election will take place. The elections themselves are conducted In a singular and somewhat complex fashion peculiar to the academy —a method which took the place about 20 years ago of the rough and ready system formerly in vogue, Both academicians and associates are allowed to take part in the election, and when the members are gathered together each scores out with a pencil the name of the artist for whom he wishes to vote and hands the paper so marked to the secretary. These scorings out are known as "scratches 1 ' at the academy, and the secretary, after examining all the papers, duly announces how many "scratches" have been given to each candidate. The election is then Advanced another stage, The president, who, by virtue of his office, occupies the chair, directs that the names of ail those candidates who have *epeJve4 more tha» fQB? "scratches" shall be inscribed in chalk UDQU the blackboard, while those to w'-om only one, two or three votes have! been given have no further chance of being elected. The academicians and associates then vote again for the candidates whose names are on the .board. The two leading men in this contest are now selected for a final ballot, the winner in which becomes an associate of the Royal academy. The academicians are elected in precisely the same manner, except that tha associates are the candidates instead of the outsiders. All this system of "scratches" and "blackboards" seems cumbrous and unnecessary, but it is said to work extremely well in practice. Sometimes, though very rarely, a tie occurs, and in this case the president, or, in his absence, the academician who temporarily takes his place, has a oast- ing vote. When Mr. Ernest Crofts, the battle painter, was elected, he fried in the final ballot with Mr. Jackson, the architect, and to Mr. Calderon (who in the absence of the late Sir John Millais occupied the chair) fell the difficult task of making the final selection. The associates have no voice in the election of a president, the power of voting resting entirely with the academicians. Sir John Millais, the late president, was elected by the unanimous vote of the members, a fact which must have been extremely gratifying to that great artist. But on some other occasions the fight for the presidentship has been very severe indeed. The post is well worth a struggle, for it carries with it substantial remuneration, besides great social and artistic distinction. Tho late Sir Francis Chantrey left £100,000 to the asademy, out of the interest of which a salary of some £800 or £900 a year is provided for the president. The academy is immensely wealthy. The receipts from the annual exhibitions average from £20,000 to £36,000, and it is believed that the money invested in the bauds of the trustees does not fall far short of £500,000. Out of this money the schools (in which 200 or 300 students are instructed gratuitously) are supported and a great many pensions and donations to decayed artists are given. Little is heard of these charities by the public, but they are very considerable, and the declining years of many old painters and sculptors are made easier by them. Upon the academy also falls the expense of the annual banquet, which costs perhaps £400 or £500, besides any number of minor charges, as, for example, the payment of the selecting and banging committees at the spring ex- hibition.-rpearson's Weekly. THE SIX HUNDRED. Some Incidents of That Mad Ride to Death at Dalaklava. Of that mad but heroic charge a hundred incidents are preserved—thrilling, humorous, shocking. The Cornhill Magazine tells of a man of the Seventeenth lancers who was heard to shout, just as they raced in upon the guns, a quotation from Shakespeare, " Who is there here would ask more men from England?" The regimental butcher of the Seventeenth lancers was engaged in killing a sheep when he heard the trumpets sound for the charge. He leaped on a horse. In shirt sleeves, with bare arms and pipe in mouth,he rode through the whole charge, slew, it is said, six men with his own hand, and came back again, pipe still in mouth 1 A private of the Eleventh was under arrest for drunkenness when the charge began, but he. broke out, followed his troop on a spare horse, picked up a sword as he rode, and shared in the rapture and perils of the charge. The charge lasted 20 minutes, and was ever before such daring or suoh suffering packed into a space so brief? The squadrons rode into the fight numbering 673 horsemen; their mounted strength when the fight was over was exactly 195. epiration unless a dramatic idea had taken complete possession of him," writes Houston Stewart Chamberlain on "How Richard Wagner Wrote His Operas," in The Ladies' Home Journal. "When this was the case, the different personages would, one after another, obtrude upon his fancy, gaining gradually in bodily consistency. Then, all of a sudden, in the dusk of evening, one of these creatures of his fancy would rise up before him, gazing at him with eyes wide open. Fascinated and almost trembling, Wagner would remain with eyes fixed on those of his guest from dreamland. But, lo, the shadow's lipa tremble and openl What issues from them is neither words nor song. It is a superhuman language, but the poet understands it, and it remains ringing in bis ears when the apparition has vanished. This is the precise moment of inspiration. All that follows is more or less mechanical, more or less fortuitous. Whether a work be written out and completed sooner or later will depend upon all sorts of oiroumstanoes—time, health, etc. "This, then, is the essential thing to remember—that Wagner nsver could compose unless driven to do so by a poetical idea peremptorily demanding the language of music for its full and ! adequate expression, and that, once this ! .• t __ _1 * j* _ i J _„ .HlAnwlwoVlfl It was all a blunder, but it evoked a ; poetical and dramatic idea clearly and heroism which made the blunder itself j permanently ingrafted in his mind, it magnificent. And as long as brave deeds can thrill the imagination of men the etory will be remembered of how- stormed at with shot and shell, Boldly they rode and well Into the jaws of death, Into the mouth of hell- Noble six hundred! Re WM floored. "What's the matter with Holland? J hear he's laid up," "Yes; he bought his wife a chafing dish a couple of weeks ago." "But surely that isn't responsible for his illness. Why, that fellow can eat a»y thing 1" , "Oh, it wasn't anything that be ate. She hit him over the he&4 with it-'W New York World. Farming In Olden Times, The Romans were the first people to practice plowing between the rows of wheat as we do between corn. The idea was suggested in a singular manner. A warlike tribe, having ravished a section of land at the base of the Alps, . undertook to destroy the growing crops by plowing them up, but instead it was found that the rows accidentally hilled were twice as large as those that were not. The harrow or hoe used by the Chinese farmer is of the rudest construction. The plow is usually drawn by women of the lowest classes. Two hundred and fifty years ago, when the corn stolen from the Indians by our Puritan ancestors was planted in the sand of Cape Cod, the only instrument used was a ponderous and ill shaped Dutch hoe, which required a heavy man to handle at all. Our first processes were not much in advance of those of the barbarians of central Eu? rope. Today we numher several hundred tools, from the most delicate to the splendid specimen of the combined reaper and thrasher, which cuts, thrashes, winnows and bags grain at the rate of hundreds of bushels per- day. WAQNiR'S Mlf HQP. •included'—if I may so say—the music, which came of itself whenever the author could find time for the business of writing out the score." Thunder In Various Region*. Java is eaid to be the region of the globe where it thunders of tenest, having thunderstorms 97 days in the year. After it are Sumatra, with 86 days; Hindustan, with 66 j Borneo, with 64; the Gold Coast, with 62, and Rio de Janeiro, with 61. In Europe, Italy occupies the first place, with 88 days of thunder, while France and southern Russia have 16 days. Great Britain and Switzerland have each 7 days, and Norway has 4, 'Thunder is rare at Cairo, being heard only 8 days in the year, and extremely rare in northern Turkestan and the polar regions.— London Standard A Tallying Crow. The latest curiosity in Bethel, Me,, la a talking crow which entertains the boys and girls. The bird was found in the woods over a year ago, when yoflng, having fallen from its nest and broken awing. It was taken home and cared for, bat showed no inclination to talk until a few months ago. It talks as well as parrots, but favors words containing "o," and "Bello, hello, Moses, Ora.1 Whoa there I" oftUSQ tte by to turn quickly ftt times. PoiH.es.ed With » Poetic I*ee|, Be W*«te H Is ifwt°. "In one of hie writings Wagner tells us that he never felt my musical io- Mrs, Buffers— Your old Wend has i uch a sad faee. Why is it? Mr. Buffers— Years ago he proposed to a very beautiful girl, and— Mrs, Bliffere-^And she refused Mr. Bikers—No. She married HUofldon

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