The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 14, 1898 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 14, 1898
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THE tJPJPEK DE8 tt ALGONA IOWA, WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER The Paper Deals With Matters of Great Importance. Events Leading tfp to and Dtifitig th6 War afe Bevi eWed. '•To the Senate and House of Represents added burdens ren- i neuc^-^ by war. our people re- ioice in the very satisfactory and stead- 'i y Increasing degree o£ prosperity ev- lenced by the largest volume of busl- rtlss ever recorded. Manufacture has b«n productive, argicultural pursuits SIve yielded abundant returns, labor n the field of Industry is better reward- fd revenue legislation passed by the ongress has increased the receipts to the amount esti- dered bv Its authors; the finances have been successfully ad- and dts credit advanced to first ranks, while its currency has SBK this «tr f^ciiuu of the country. A review of 0« relation of the United States to the rtfner powers, always appropriate, is year of primary importance in view of the momentous issues which hLve arisen, demanding in one Instance that ultimate determination by arms and involving the far-reaching consequences which will require the earnest ^attention of congress." •' The president then speaks of the par- jagraph in his last annual message in (reference to our relations with Spain fertd Cuba; the futile efforts of Spain to "conquer the Island; the failure of the (autonomous government set up in the (island; the suffering of the reconcen- Urados, and the evident .inability of '.Spain to end the war successfully. -, The message next takes up the destruction of the Maine and the anger which is aroused in the minds of the American people and the appointment and work of the naval board of Inquiry in which it was "established that the origin of the explosion was external by a. submarine mine nnd only halted through, positive testimony to fix the responsibility of its authorship." Continuing, the message says thsft these things convinced the most thoughtful that a crisis in our relations with Spain and towards Cuba war at hand and needed but the brief exe^u- tive cession of congress to receive tha immediate answer to the duty of making instant provision for war and the "almost unique spectacle was presented of a unanimuos votr of both houses on l he 9th of March appropriating JoO.OOO,- )00 for the national defense." The president declared this provision teame none too soon as our forts were (practically undefended, our navy needled large provision for increased ammunition and supplies and even numbers to cope with any sudden attack from the navy of Spa-In which compris- fed modern vessels of the highest typs bf continental perfection; and the ai-my Eflso required enlargement of men and munitions. Referring to congress to re, toorts of the secretary of war and navy for details, the president says: 'It 13 the outbreak of wai Heeded reinforcement. Not until Ad„_ Cervera took refuge in th-s harbor o! Santiago de Cuba, about May 9, was 3t practicable to plan a systematic military attack upon the AhtiUean possessions of Spain. Several demonstrations occurred on th« coasts of Cuba and Porto Rico in preparation for the latter event. On •May 13, the North Atlantic squadron 'shelled San Juan de Porto Rico. On May 30, Commodore Schley's squadron bombarded the forts guarding the mouth of Santiag-o harbor. Neither attack had any material result. It was •evident that well-ordered operations iwere Indispensable to achieve a decisive (advantage. : The next act in tho war thrMled not lalone the hearts of our countrymen but •the world by its exceptional hero.sm. On the night of June 3, Lieutenant 'Hobson, aided by saven devoted volunteers, blocted the narrow outlet from 'Santiago harbor by sinking the collier '.Merrivnac in the channel, under a fierce jflre from the shore batteries escaping with their lives as by a miracle, but 'falling into the hands of the Spaniards, lit Is a most gratifying incident of tht war that the bravery of this little band 'of heroes was cordially appreciated by ithe Spaniards, who sent a flag of truce ito notify Admiral Sampson or their i=afety, and to compliment them upon ttheir'daring act. They were subse- iquently exchanged July 7. : By June 7, the cutting of the last Cu- Iban cable isolated the island. Thereafter the invasion was vigorously prosecuted. On June 10, under «. heavy pro- Itecting fire, a landing of six hundred jmarlnes from the Oregon, Marblehead 'and Yankee, was effected an Ouan- itanamo bay, where it had been deter- 'mined to establish a naval station. ' This important and css?ntlal port was taken from the enemy after severe fighting by the marines, who were tha firat organized force of the United States to land in Cuba. The position so won was held despite ideperate attempts to dislodge our : force« By June 16 additional forces iwere landed and s-trongely intrenched. On June 22, th4 advance of the invading 'army under Major General Shatter handVd at Eaiquvri. about 15 miles east of Santiago. This was accomplished under great d-'.fneuHie.? but with marvelous dispatch. On June 23. the movement agatnst Santiago was begun. On •the 24th the first serious engagement took place, In which the First and Tenth cavalry and the First United States 'Volunteer cavalry. Gen. Young s brigade of Gen. Wheeler's division, partly •'.pated, losing heavily. By night-fall, jiowever, ground \vithin five miles of Santiago was won. The advantage was •Ue-.diiy increased. On July 1. a severe battle "took place, our forces gaining' the outworks of Santiago; on the 2nd, El Caney anii San Juan were taken af- f>r a desperate charge, and the .investment of the city was completed. The navy co-operated by shelling the town and the coast forts. On the day following this brilliant Bcirevement of our land forces. July 3, occurred the decisive naval combat oE the war. The Spanish fleet, attempting • . -1__ \. n »!.. m» fl-^ tS TVl (it 1"\V t ll(* On July 27, he entered Ponce, one of the most important ports In the Island from which he there-after directed op«i 0t W?t S h f t°h r e excepir of °»^^ ar^v.ss^»^rs force landed at Cape Ran Juan there was no serious resistance. The cam Mr* " e r ?irof ;sr mucif • for delivery fiom our commanders at a potent Influe nee gratitude rude met stage. As neace the outcome of the Potto expedition toard was of great consequence and generous commendation Is due.to those who participated dn K. The last scene of the war was enacted at Ma- nnTlts starting place. On August In, after a brief assault upon the woiks by he land forces, in which the squadron assisted, the capital surrendered unconditionally. Tho casualties were Domparatively few. By tnls conquest of the Philippine Islands virtually ac- sompKBhed when the Spanish capacity for resistance was destroyed b> Admiral Dowry's victory of the 1st of May, was fomally sealed. To Oeneml Merritt, his officers and men for their uncomplaining- and devoted services for their fralantrv in action, the nation Is Blncereiv grateful. Their long voyage was mid/with singular success, and the soldierly conduct of the men. most of whom were without previous experience in the military service, deserves unmeasured proise. ••Total casualties, killed and wounded In the army during DIP war with bpaln were: Officers killed. 23: enlisted men. killed 257- to-tal 2SO: officers wounded, 113: enlisted men wounded, 1.464: totaj, 1577 Of navy killed, 17: wounded, o.; died o£ wounds, 1: invalided from service, 6; total, 91. "It will be observed that while our navy was en.caged In two great battles and"numerous perilous undertakings in •the blockade and bombardment, and more than fifty thousand of our troops transported to the distant lands and en- eased in ass.iult. siejro> and battle and many skirmishes in unfamiliar territory, we lost in both branches of service, total 1.G6S killed and wounded; and in entire campaign by land and sea. w« did not lose a gun, fiajr or transport or chip, and with the exception of the crow OL the Men-iimc, rot a soid.er or sailor v>a.s taken prisoner." The president bears testimony and pays a fitting tribute to the patriotism and devotion of a large portion of our Cuba and we have pacified the island, it will be necessary to give aid and direction to Its people to form a government for themselves. This .should be undertaken at -the earliest moment consistent tv-ith safety and assured success. It a Important that our relations "'ith thlo; people be of t;« most frienc'.iy .-.vrac-. ter end our commerical relat.-; • . ' "" arid reciprocal. Tt should be ou.' >. >' to assist In every proper way to build u • the waste plae?» of the Island and encourage the industry of the people to assist them to form a government which chall be free and independent, thus realizing Hie l^st aspirations of the Cuban people. , "The Spanish rule must be replaced by a just, benevolent and humane government created by the people of Cuba, capable of performing all the International obligations nnd which shall encourage thrift. Industry, prosperity and promote peace and good-will nmong ail the inhabitants, whatever may have been, their relations heretofore. Neither revenge or pn?slon should have a place. In the new government. Until there is complete tranquilly in the Island and a stable government Inaugurated trie military occupation will be continued. The president recommends an Increase in -the appropriation to a million dollars for the United States exh.bit a! thp Paris exposition. \Vlih the exception of the rupture with. respect of this ..•-nlzed by my Processor and hasten during my admlnistrai »°» °/ t<< accredited envoy ana grant" ccu ' u " Spain, the Intercourse of the States with the great family of has been marked with cordiality and the close of the eventful year finds most of the issues adjusted or presenting no serious obstacle to a just and honorable solution by amicable agreement. A long "unsettled dispute as to the ex- fendprt boundary between the Argentine republic and Chile, stretching; along tho Andean crests from the southern border of ttie Atacama desert to Magellan straits, nenrlv a third of the length of the South American continent, assumed an acute stage in theenrly part of the year and afforded to this government occasion to express the hope that the resort to arbitration, already contemplated by ex sting conventions between the Partlos. mil-ht prevail despite the grave difficulties arising in its application. 1 am Happy to say that arrangements to this end have been perfected, the questions of fact, Uyon which the respective commissioners were unable to agree, bring in course of reference to her Urltannlc majesty for determination. A residual difference touching the northern boundary line across the Atacama desert, for which existing treaties provided no adequate adjustment, bids fair to be settled In 1 ke manner by a joint commission, upon which the United States minister at Buenos Ayres' has been invited to serve as um plre in the last resort. I have found occasion to approach the of each of the ig that the responsibility o eac opponent sovereign repub.ics toward 1 tne United States rpmalned Jl hol 'y u "*nrhas *^S^u.rvtS8!2&S utset an -.., «« nresentatlve functions were delegae P L tripartite commission rather than t federation possessing 1oW on Tv rs of government and adminlst7r.uon.vik his view of their relation and e i re a-, ub ion o'rtlWUnYted States to seveial repubj t & ^u C ry 8 1n ln c^ e rar P lSl 10 \g « "her recommended by the executive no^. nltiated by coneress; thus leaving one . of our envoys accredited as separately to two states ot.the n ? re "er republic, Nicaragua and Salvador and to a third state, Costa Rica, which waa iot a parly to the compact, while our other envoy was simllarlyaccredited to the union stated as Honduras, and la non- inton stated as Guatemala, The result. as been that the one has presented cro- iniiHnU onlv to the president of Costa. Rlci the other havingTbeen received only v the government of Guatemala. . Subsequently, the three nwoclated republics entered Into negotiations for making the steps forecast in the original cotn- nact. A convention of their dcsagates framed for them * '^eral constltt itlon tion an« prejudice to aliwi peopi* wiucn uervades certain .of the Chinese proving. \s 'n the- case of the attack upon our citizens in Szechuan and at Kutlen In J&Sf,. fhp United States minister has been instructed 'to secure the fullest mf-asur- of protection, both local and Imperial, for any menaced American interests and to dernand In case of lawlass injury to person or property, instant reparation appro- criate to the case. Warrhips have been stationed at Tien Teln for more ready observations of the reorders which have invaded even the Chinese capital so as to bo in a position to act, should need nriee while a guard of marines bus been sent to Peking to afford the minister the *amV measure of authoratlv* protection as the representatives of other nations have been constrained to employ. Our relation with Great Britain, n» says, has continued ort the most friendly footing, and it would give him special satisfaction if he should be authorized -to communlcaite to congress a favorable conclusion of the pending ne s o- tlatloi* with Great Britain in reaped to the Dominion of Canada. He reports that the Hawaiian corn- mission has fulfilled Its mission and Us wp«t w"ll be laid before congress at an early day, nnd he expresses the hope tha't congress wiH "give such shape to he refatfonshlp of these m:d-racmo lands to our home union as will benefit both In the highest degree. Referring to the P"?" 8 . 1 , 0 ^ 6 .?!?* of Russian for a general reduction of the establishments, the pres- His majesty was at one. Argentine government with a view removing differences of rate to charges army which although eager to be ordered to po.3t the greatest exposure, fortunately has not been required outside '•sufficient to eay the outoreajc or. war rwhen it d'id come, found our nation not unprepared to meet the conflict." i Reference Is made to the apprehen^ felon of the coming strife felt by the) teontinental powers, voiced In an ad- idress to the president through theii (ambassadors and envoys, and to tha President's reply thereto. Still animated however, by the hope of a peaceful eolution of the difficulty and obeying the dictates of duty, the president relaxed no effort to bring about a speedy tending of the Cuban struggle. The negotiations with the Madrid government proved futile as far as practical result:) hyere concerned, and then it was tha (president presented the question tc (congress, saying: • "Iri the name of humanity, in tha name of civilization, In behalf of tha Jendangered American interests which, give us the right and duty to speaK, land to act, the war in Cuba must stop. ', The result of this statement of tha tease was the adoption of the memorab'la Hoint resolution by congress, declaring Ehe purpose of the United States to in- Servene between the Spaniards and tha •Cubans. Following swiftly up-m rlw 'enactment of the resolution, came the feeverence of diplomatic relations between the two countries, .the proclamation to blockade Cuban ports, the call tor volunteers, and the formal declaration of the existence of a state of war. 11 other governments were immedlate- V f notified of the existence of war and teach proclaimed neutrality. It is not among the least gratifying .incidents of the struggle that the obligations of neutrality were impartially discharged by «.!! often under dedicate and dn-icuic to" leave the harbor, was met by the American squadron under command of Commodore Sampson. In less than three hours all the Spanish ships were destroyed, the two torpedo boats being punk and the Maria Teresa, Almirante Oquendo. Vlzcaya and Cristobal Colon driven ashore. The Spanish admiral and over 1,300 men were taken prisoners while the enemy's loss of life was deplorably large, some six hundred per- fshins On our side but one man wa killed, on the Brooklyn, and one man Beriouslv wounded. Although our ships were repeatedly struck not one was se- riouslv injured. Where all so conspicuously distinguished themselves, from the commanders to the gunners and the 'unnamed heroes in the boiler rooms, each and all contributing toward the bchievement of this astounding victory, ttor which neither ancient nor modern ihistorv affords a parallel in th« completeness of the eve: .and the marve ?us disproportion of casualties, It would be .invidious to single out any for especial honor. Deserved promotion has rewarded the more conspicuous actor»-the nation's profoundest gratitude Is due to all of 'those brave men who by their skill and devotion In a few short hours crushed the sea power of Spain and wrought a trlumpn who»<» decisiveness and far-reachinff *• **-"^ * «.-iM«rtl»rV\o TV1P i fl J cm FPQ ' consequences can scarcely oe measureu. Nor can we be unmindful or tne. achievements of our builders mechanics and artisans for their skill in the construction of our warships. With the catastrophe of Santiago. Spain's effort upon the ocean virtually ceased: A spasmodic effort toward the erfd S of June P to send her Mediterranean en fleet under Admiral Camara to re eve of the'United States. They did their whole duty, and earned the gratitude of the nation. "In this connection, It is a pleasure for me to mention In terms ot cordial appreciation the timely nnd useful work of tne American National Red Cross, both in relief measures preparatory to the campaigns, its sanitary assistance at several of the camps of assemblage and later, under the able and experienced leadership of the president of the society, M:ss China Barton, on the fields of battle and In the hospitals at the front in Cuba, working in conjunction with the governmental authorities and under their sanction and approval and with the en-, thuslastlc co-operation of many patriotic women and societies in the various states, the Red Cross has fully ma n- talned its already high reputation for intense earnestness and ability to exercise the noble purposes of its in'tern-i- tlpnal organization, thus justifying the confidence and support which it has received at the hands of the American people. To the members and officers of th s society and all who aided them in their Dtitlanlhroplc work, the sincere an* last- Ing gratitude of the soldiers and the public is due and is freely accorded. "In tracing- these events we are constantly reminded of our obligations to the Divine Master for His watchful oare over us and His safe guidance, for which the nation makes reverent acknowledgement and offers humble prayer for the continuance of His favor. "The annihilation ol Admiral Ceryera's fleet followed by the capitulation of Santiago, having brought to the Spanish government a realizing sense of the hopelessness of continuing a struggle now becoming wholly unequal, It mail* overtures of peace through the 1- r«nrh ambassador, who with the assent of Ms ROV- ernment, had acted as the friendly representative of Spanish interests during tho war. On the 20th of July. M. Cambon presented a cbmmunication signed by the Duke of Almodovar, tho Spanish minister of state, inviting the United States to state the terms upon wWch it would be willing to make poaee. On July 30, hy a. communication addressed to the Duke Mmodovar and handed to M. Cambon, the terms of this government were rn- nounced, substantially as in the protoc-il, afterwards signed. On August 10, the Spanish reply, dated August 7, was handed by M. Cambon to the secretary ot state. It accepted unconditionally the *£» tap"**--* - to fc»« I SS5p^ imnosed upon the cables ot an American, corporation in the transmission between. Buenos Ayres and the cities of Uruguay and Brazil of through messages passing from and to the Unitad States. Although the matter is complicated by exclusive concession by Uruguay and Brazil to for-, sti companies, there is strong hope that e important channels ol'_ co.mmercl.il; the important -- . communication between tho United States may be freed from an almost prohibitory discrimination. In this relation, I may be permitted to ell, often under 1(5 TJae^presfdent reviewed at length the work of preparation for the war, referring particularly to the enlistment of volunteeers, to the material increase of the navy In both men and ships and to SSSSf in order to avoid misunderstanding express my sense of the fitness of an international agreement whereby the interchange of messages over connecting cables may be regulated on a fair basis of uniformity The world has seen the postal system developed from a congeries independent and exclusive service Into a well ordered union, of which all countries found the manifold benefits. It would be strange were the nations not in time brought to realize that modern civilization, which ownes so much of its progress to the annihilation of space by the electric force, demands that this all-important means of communication, a heritage of peoples, to be administered and regulated n their common behalf. A step in this direction was taken when the internation convention of 1884, for the protection of submarine cables was signed and the day is, I trust, not far distant when this medium for transmission of thought from land to land may be brought within the domain of International concert as comp.ete-• ly as ts the material carriage of commerce and correspondence Upon the face of the -waters that divide them. The claim of Thomas Jeft'erson Page against Argentina, which has been pend-' Ing- many years, has been justified. The sum awarded by the congress of Argentina was $<l',242.2i>. The sympathy of the American people has Justly been offered to the ruler and. tho people of Austria-Hungary by reason of the affliction that has lately befallen; them in the assassination of the empress queen of that heroic realm. On September 10, 1897, a conflict took place at Latimer, Peim., between u body of striking miners and the sheriff of Lu-, erne county and his deputies, In which, twenty-two miners were killed and forty- four wounded, of which ten of the killed and twelve of the wounded were Aus- t»lan and Hungarian subjects. This deplorable event naturally aroused the solicitude of the Austro-Hungarian government which, on tho assumption that the killing and wounding involved Mve unjustifiable misuse of authority, claimed repartatlon for the sufferers. Apart from the searching Investigation and peremptory action of the authorities of Pennsylvania, the federal executive took appropriate steps to le-arn the merits of the case in order to be In a position to meet the' urgent complaint of a friendly nower. The sheriff and his deputies, having been Indicted for murder, were tried and acquitted after protracted proceed-. IHRS and the hearing of hundreds of witnesses, on the ground that the killing was in the line of their official duty to up-. under the name of the 1 ,p P n Central America and Provided for a central federal government and ' e B 1taltt ,, tU t r< ? < ; Upon ratification by the. constituent states the first of November, last, was fixed tor the new system to go Into operation Within a few weeks thereafter the plan was "evcrely tested by revolutionary movments arising, with a consequent demand for unity of action on the part of the military power of the federal states to suppress them. Under tills strain the new union seems to have been weakened through the withdrawal of its more important members. This government was not officially advised of the Installation of the federation and has maintained an. attitude of friendly expectancy, while n no wise relinquishing the position held from the outset that the responsibilities of the several states toward us remained unaltered !iy their tentative relations tiinong themselves. The Nicaragua canal commission, under the championship of Rear Admiral John G. Walker, appointed ..u!y 24. 1S97, """e" the authority of a provision in the sundry civil act of June 4 of that year, has early completed its labors, and the results of Its exhaustive Inquiry into the Proper route, the feasibility, and the cost of construction of an inter-oceanic canal by a Nlcaraguan route -will be laid before you. In the performance of its task tho commission received all possible oour-i esv and assistance from the governments, of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, which thus teHtilled their appreciation of the importance of giving a speedy and practical outcome to the great project that has for so many years engrossed the attention of the respective countries. As the scope of recent inquiry embraced; the whole subject with the aim of making the plans and surveys for a canal by the most convenient route. Jt IB neceBBa. den-t nfSrmed of the cordial sympathy of this government with tfie principle Jnvoived ?n hts ""halted proposal and ot the readiness of the United States to take part 'VheSrTeSrsays the new envoy to Turkpv was instructed to take measure, to dispose of the matters In controversy with the Ottoman empire for a ni k I S b to r n 0 nance" - the president says: "The secretary of the treasury re- worts that the receipts of the govern- from all sources during the fl|ca> ended June 30. "98. incd "S MV Tune 30. 1390. be 5577, expendl- une . . ,, utrel $089,874,647 resulting in a deflcien- Cy -I°n rnf'SSent the present condl- of the trSSiry a mply Justifies diate assault the render were agreed upon of On the 17th aUons for peace were to be undertaken ^ £ nd lnex ,,aclt suggestions oC b ftrom Maine to California. ovpn . t , Taking up chronologically the events of the war the president reviews them carefully. The'flrs-t encounter was the i rener wer . Generail Shatter occupied the city. The th Spabnlsh no te could not be accepted, capitulation embraced the entire east- . being to resent as a vii- SS enfof °cuba. The "umber of Spanish soldiers surrendered was 22,000, <m. „« n ,v. nm wprfi snbseauently convej eq the oiy ,. ep iy being to present as tua, nratum » , dra piotl > <m. oayuig shelling" of Mantanzas April 27. was followed by an engagement •'destined to mark a memorable f epocn in maritime warfare." This was Com- ffiore Dewey'B victory at Manila May jS; "The effect of this remarkable victory » says the president, "upon the Spirit of our people and the fortunes of X was instant. The Prestige of ln- 'vlnclbllity was thereby attached to our |erms, "vhich continued throughout the ! 8t The e pr«3ident says "only reluctance to x°s»a a as-xg iSwTS the city (Manila), and therewHn ithe absolute mUttary occupancy of the of whom were subsequently to Spain at the charge of the .Sg&^^S'Tn'S^I.ori. Hprwrptfl'TV of WQ.r WHICH \V fore you. The individual cers and soldiers was never LUC precise terms tendered to our note of July 30, with added TO* of detail as to the appointment of commissioners to arrange lor evacuation of the Spanish Antilles. August 12, M. Oanvbon announced nls asthe nnoii of AUKUSt K, iVl. ouiiiuuii, no *•"*> n' pfenlpotenttary of 'Spain and the secre- shown than in the several en- » i f gtat as the plenipotentiary of nts leading to the surrender of; the United States, signed a. protocol, pio- elements leading ile the " '" gained this complete triumph s co the ascendency or tne umicu - will relinquish all claim of sovereignty over and title to °" b -Article II. Spain will cede to the United States the island of Porto, Rico e omiuo •...- — ----- --, — a •_,,„,, sttP« unon land as the fight off San- and other '• Islands now under Spanish «»«>,«? fixed our supremacy on the. sovereignty In the AVcst Indies and also tlago had n 3 "* 1 ° U \ U .n ratitude; un island in the Ladroues to be selected iaw " the earnest IT* Ul£ III,)' 4" M*w ,1 vHfc ».. — .---, — * rt J un island In the Ladroues to be selected States will determine tho hold law and preserve public order in the. state. A representative of the department of justice attended the trials, report-, ing its course fully. With all the facts in its possession, this government expects to reach a harmonious understanding on the subject with that of Austria-Hungary, notwithstanding the renewed claim of the latter after learning the results of the trial for Indtmnlty for Its Injured 8U De!plte the brief time allotted for preparation, the exhibits of this country at the Universal exhibition at Brussels In 1897, enjoyed the singular distinction of a. larger proportion of awards, having re-, gard to the number and classes of artl^ cles entered, than those of other coun- 1 tries. The worth of such .a result In making known our national capacity to supply the world's markets Is obvious. Exhibitions of this international shar- acter are becoming more frequent as tn» exchanges of commercial countries grow more intimate and varied. Hardly a year passes that this government Is no* Invited to national participation at somft Important foreign center, but often ort too short notice to permit of recourse to congress for the power and means to op nost conviirueiiii Lu'ut.n, n. *^ ..*.*..-.i~.- ruv Included a review of the results oc m'pvious surveys and plans and In partie- ula'r those adopted by the maritime ca- Bal company under to existing .concessions from Nicaragua and Costa Rica, so that to this extent those grants necessarily, held an essential part to the deliberations and conclusions of the canal corn- mission as they have h«Ma-nd must needs, hold in the discussion of the matter by congress. Under these circumstances and <n view of the overtures made to the gov-! ermnents of Nicaragua ; and Costa Rica, bv other parties for a new canal concession predicted on the assumed ap- m-oachlng lapse of the contracts of the. EiarUlme Canal company with those states. [ have not hesitated to express nay con-, victton that considerations of expediency and international policy as between, the several governments interested 1 In the construction and control of an Inter* oceanic canal by this route require the. maintenance of the status quo, until the-, canal commission shall have reported and the United States congress shall have. Piwd the opportunity to pass finally upon the whole matter during the present session, without prejudice by reason of any. change In the existing conditions. Nevertheless it appears that the | ment of Nicaragua, as one o>f its last, Sovereign acts before merging Its Powers in thole of the newly formed United) States of Central America has granted an ootiowal concession to. another association to become effective on the expiration' of the present grant. It does not appear what surveys have been made or what route is proposed under this contingent granted so that an examination of the feasibility of Us plans Is necessarily not embraced in the report of the canal commmlssion. All these elrcum- sta'nces suggest the urgency of some definite action by congress at this session o.f the labors of the past are to be utilized and the linking of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans by a practical waterway Is to be realized. That the construction of such a maritime highway is now more than ever Indispensable to that intimate and ready intercommunication between our eastern nnd western seaboards demanded by the annexation of the Hawaiian islands and the prospective ex- nanslon of our Influence and commerce to Pacific and that our national policy now more imperatively than ever calls for Its control by this government, are, propositions which I doubt not the congress will duly appreciate and wisely act upon. 4. convention providing for the revival of the late United States and Chilian claims commission and the consideration a portion of the gold holdingrs should be placed in a trust fund from whlcn "rcenbac-ke should be redeemed upon presentation, but when once redeemed Inould not thereafter be put out eacept for gold. It is not to be inferred that n°her legislation relating to our cur- r^ncy 'is not required; on the contrary there is an obvious demand for it. The president says in view of the re- rent acquisition of territory by th* TJnitPd States there should be established regular and frequent steamship communication under the American Hag with newly-acquired islands. Provision for-a commission of sanitary experts to investigate the yellow fever problem Is recommended. The recommendation, of the secretary of war for an increase in the regular /establishment has the presl- rcni. unqualified aPP™.™ 1 - f ^/^ it is his purpose to muster out the entire volunteer army as soon as - con- shall provide Tor an Increase of the regular army. He recommends the erection of a for the department of justice cruiser Wilmington «xnd boat Window were UBRUO- »n«mpt 10 sllenee tt)e >• « erveva, whlchhad s before the cfossed the ocean and movements in the C«up- r their long voyage fvooi pan ot oyer iSiQOO mite» might be Admiral Cej-yem'» fleet consisting of 3 415| two att^^^^'g&fSp 1 :' E^Xffio? Ai^iUgffiftfe >lxle, Gttoucesfer, Columbia sva&flassiJSrS ©Sl'^sSSr iwhlle the Puritan and ....._..„ wen* to W Juan and Joined the San^, which was engaged In "The fourth article provided for the appointment of joint commissions on the part of the United States and Spain, to meet In Havana and San Juan, respectively, for the purpose of arranging t.nJ carrying out the details of the stipulated evacuation of Cuba, Porto Rico and ptner Spanish islands in the ^Vest indies. "The fifth article provided for the ap- 1 pointment of not more than five cpnunUv. sloners on each side, to meet at Paris not later than October, and to proceed to the negotiations and conclusions of a treaty of peace, subject to ..ratification according to the respective' constitutional forms of the two cQuntrles. ,_„„,,,-,, "The sixth and last article provldea that upon the signature of the protocol, - •"•* between .the two countries »,„„ Orleans blockading that port also ,,,of hit? dlvlalpn Bropke with a pavt • ' -"' 16,973 " My predecessors have suggested the advisability of providing by a general enactment and a standing, appr.qpvla.U0n f or ac-- ceptlng such Invitations and for representation of this country by a commission. This plan has my cordial approval. I trust the Belgian restriction on tha importations o£ cattle from the United States, orslnally adopted as a sanltaiy precaution, will at an early tote, be satis-. ied as to their present and future or lardship and discrimination so as to aa- mlt live cattle under due »e«ila*lw ot their slaughter after landing. 1^"ft hw_e- •u.l, too, of a favorable Qhaslgs In the #ej- eian treatment of our preserved and'saji-i *>,- " i*V? mi!:; ^~~^f*w nt A vr>t trada be-. should be suspended, and that notice to that effect should be given as soon as possible by eac'h government to the commanders of its military and naval forces.' 1 "I do not dl«cus$ at tWs time the government or tenure of our new possession*! which will come to us as result of the war with 8p.a!n. ^u'oh discusj- Blon, will be appropriate after the treaty of peace shall be ratified. Meantime. Rnd until congress has legislated otherwise, It will be my duty to continue the military governments which have existed since our occupation- and. give t< the people security In life and property and encouragement under ft just ano beneficent rule. , - nj we are in PQS9e.s£lon, of ed meats. The growth of dti-ct tween the two countries, not alone for o fclaims which were duly presented to tho late commission but not considered because of the expiration of the time limited for the duration of the commission was signed May 24. 1897. and has -emalned unacted upon by the senate. The term therein fixed for effecting the exchange of ratification's having elapsed,; the convention falls unless the time bu extended by amendment, which I am endeavoring to bring about, with the friedly concurrence of the Chilean government. The United States has not been an Indifferent spectator of the extraordinary 1 , events transpiring in the Chinese em-' plre, whereby portions of Its maritime provinces are passing under the control! of various European powers; but the prospect that the vast commerce which the energy of our cltlens and the necessity of our staple productions for Chinese uses has built up in those reglors may not be prejudiced through any exclusive treatment by the new occupants has obviated the need of our country becoming an octor In the scene. Our positions among nations having a targe Pacific coast, and a constantly expanding direct trade with the farther orient, gives us the equitable claim to consideration and friedly treatment m this regard, and It will be my aim to sub- serve our large Interests In. that quarter by all means appropriate to the constant policy of our government. The territories of Klao Chow, of Wei-Hal-Wel and o£ Port Arthur and Tallen Wan, leased to Germany, Great Britain and Russia, respectively, for terms of years, will, It Is announced, be open to International commerce during such alien occupation, and If no dlscrimlnatlnng treatment of American cltlens and their trade be round to exist, or be hereafter developed, the desire of th)s.< government l wou|d- appear to be realized. In this relation, as.gl-"™- Ing the volume and value of our Railroad Rate for Troops. San Francisco, Cal., Dec. 3.—Bids for the transportation of the New Yorfe regiment of volunteers due to arrive here froln Honolulu soon have been Dpened by Depot Quartermaster Long. The bids for carrying twelve- companies, numbering about forty-six officers and 1 210 men, from this city to New York range from $9.90 to $40.06 for each passenger. The former bid is the lowest ever made for transcontinental transportation. The contract has not been, awarded. Queen Regent Is Decorated. Madrid, Dec. 3.—The French ambassador here, M. Patenotre, has handed to the queen regent of Spain an insignia of the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor, bestowed upon her majesty, after she had decorated M. Faure, th« president of France, with the order ol the Golden Fleece. A manifestation made by a number of students here has been easily suppressed bv the police. Two Trains Wrecked. Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec, 3.—There waa a double werck on Friday on the Burlington road west of this city. The west-bound freight ran into a derailing switch and the engine and sevon cars were wrecked, An east-bound freight came along immediately afterward and ran into the wveck. Arthur Mickey and Frank Connor, brakemen, were severely and perhaps fatally in jured. Gen, \Vheeler Rofuaes His Salary- Washington, Dec. 3,—The sergeaut- at-arms of the house has reported thai, of all the congressmen who acceptod appointments in the army during the war with Spain Congressman "Joe Wheeler of Alabama, a major-geneval, and one of the heroes of Santiago, la the only one who has not drawn hia salary as a congressman while in the military service. ween e , Belgian consumption and Belgian products, but by way of transit J 1 ^^"^^: other continental states, has been both. encouraging and beneficial. No effort will, be spared to enlarge Its advantages »y sBPkine the removal ot needless Impedl-! the and for Increased; of the Guat- the O nd Nicaaguawas /happily The eienature ot a. convention pirtlefwifh the ^Jcun-enc emalan representative as a act being negotiated and signed on , the United States steamer Alert, then Jy- Central American waters. It Is lil£ <• 11IP V «»>**».**' ****** T —^r™ -T- - _i,, changes with China and the pecullarly favorable conditions which exist for their expansion In the normal course of trade, I refer to the communication addressed to the speaker of the house of representatives by the secretary of the treasury on the Uth of last June, with Its accompany- ing'letter of the secrtary of state, recommending an appropriation for a commission to study the commercial and Industrial conditions In the Chinese empire and report as to the ppPovtun.iUea for and obstacles to the enlargement of markets In China for the raw producta and manufactures of the United States. Action was not taken thereon during the late session. 1 cordially urge that the recommendation receive at y . ou '_ 1 J a "^ the consideration which its importance and timeliness merit, Meanwhile lli<?v<? way be just - i- disquietude In view of the unrest and «$ tho old sentiment ot """ nal - and suggest ateo^he advisability of making provision, for th* supreme court. | He earnestly approves the recom- fe, mendations of Secretary l>on ff *sto an | Increase in the navy, and recommenda >\ that the grades o£ admiral and vlc«- k admiral be temporarily revived to be filled by officers who have especially distinguished themselves in the war W He'urges legislation for taking the twelfth census and for the education of BO.OOO white children in the Indian territory. Provisions for Admiral Vancouver, B. C., Dec. 3,—Advices from New South Wales say the steamer Culgon has sailed from Sydney with a cargo of provisions for Admiral Dewey at Manila. The cargo consisted of 6,000 carcasses o£ mutton, 260 of lamb, 125 tons of potatoes, eighty-one tons Pi anions and twenty-two tons of carrots, Cubaus Allying Arius. IJavana, Dec. 3.-—It is learned on good authority that tlie Cubans have recently secretly acquired quite a formidable armament, the ulterior object of which is not known, It i9 added that they have purchased 8,000 rifles within the last ten days. The fact 19 «5>86ide>'H h le speculatUm

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