The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 7, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 7, 1898
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Page 6
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&T?,?5~{.*tvl\*V.Jvri-*'-, "'*''.'*>-''*•,""" .'•'£&}•''''f' 1 '"* X "'> * t ; J , ' / OF THE UPPEB ^yj^j^^^gi TO *n»n«. ALGOKi. Some Notes and Comment on Agricultural Topics. ttullt loo tlonse. ice In summer is both a luxury and a faecessity, and the ice crop is one that many farmers allow to go to waste, says C. P. Jackson iti American Creamery. Use 2x6 sills and plates, with 12 foot posts, with, three courses 2x4 ribbing illl around three feet apart, put in edgewise. Ceil with culls put on vertically, and made it a point to always get out tif lumber when you get to the eves, so the gable end will be sure to he left open. Fill up the .ground inside a little higher than the outside, then put down any old chunks of rails or joists, a little distance apart, and cover between and over with a foot of sawdust, or its equivalent in straw or prairie hay. Put your ice sixteen inches away from the wall and nil between the 'ice and wall with sawdust or its equivalent in straw or prairie hay, as you fill with ice. Break joints over each course of ice when filling. When filled, cover with six to seven inches of sawdust or its equivalent and then get out of sawdust You don't want ten or twelve Inches of sawdust on top of the ice. There is a latent heat in ice, and if too much covering on top, the heat will not be able to pass up through it and will turn back and honeycomb the ice. With a covering of twelve inches of sawdust, in every ease an examination will show heat during the hot months by digging down a few Inches. Never put water on your ice as you fill your Ice house, if you expect to remove the cakes of ice as put in. In cold storage houses it is often the case that water is used to solidify the mass. In such cases use hot water with a sprinkler, as the moment the hot water comes in contact with the ice it congeals. Use cold water and it will run and spread, and if the ice is put in contact with the walls the chances are that in freezing it will spread the building. The roof may also be covered with culls. Suppose it does leak, the dripping will not extend down into the sawdust to any appreciable extent. A ventilator in the roof is not necessary, with both, gables open. oblivion and nullifying any subsequent attempt to secure an accurate return at the testroom. I note boric acid and other such like preservatives are still being used In several factories. In consequence of the precautions requisite to get these thoroughly dissolved being frequently neglected, the sample reaches the tester in an unsatisfactory condition. The best and most readily managed preservative for composite samples is pure formalin, containing 40 per cent of formic aldehyde. Don't confound this with formalin solution. The latter has been used in several factories tinder a misapprehension, and hence an unfavorable impression has been created as to its efficacy. Given the pure formalin, and with a faithful observance of the instructions for use, I know of no preservative equal to it for preserving composite samples. past season, are likely to materially diminish the cheese production in central New York during the season of 1899. It seems probable that if the cheese trade of this country is ever to regain as large a share of the for- • eign outlet as it formerly enjoyed the seat of production will follow the same tendency as shown in the development of the butter industry, spreading out in the west for' the greatest percentage of its growth. _ Of Interest to Shippers. RULES, PRICES, ETC., ADOPTED 1?? THE CHICAGO LIVE STOCK EX- CHANGB. Dockage.—Diseased animals, including lumpy-jawed cattle and meats, are condemned.' Sales, 'unless otherwise stated, per 100 Ibs. live weight. Dead hogs 100 Ibs. and over, y 2 c..per lb.; less than 100 Ibs., of no value. Public 1 inspectors dock pregnant sows 40 Ibs. and stags, altered boars, 80 Ibs. each. Yardage—Cattle 2uc.; hogs Sc.; sheep NOTES OF THE WHEEL JViATTfeRS OF INTEREST Td OTEES OP THE BICYCLE t.h* Borne Recent tnrenttoni tot ptovement of the Bicycle— A CnlcUte ga« tamp- -the latest .Saddle— Novel Iprocket ftepalr. ; separate* to form an open Space be* the central depressed Make ita Point 6c. per head. Feed.—Corn 75 cents per bushel; timothy hay $25; prairie hay $2Q per ton. Commissions.—Six dollars per car- Abortion In Cows. The recent researches by Prof. Bang, the eminent veterinarian, have thrown such a flood of light on the subject of abortion as to enable us to intelligently and successfully deal with this malady, and to suppress it if we desire. These researches make plain what before had been only suspected, that epidemic abortion, and probably many cases of so-called sporadic abortion, are the result of the growth of a species of bacillus in the cavity of the uterus, thus infecting the fetus and its membranes. These bacilli can live in the Storing the Ice Outdoors. Some years ago it occurred to me to stack a little ice out doors to save the trouble of taking it from the ice house, writes a correspondent of Connecticut Farmer. The stack Was made on the north side of a building. In the expectation that warm weatner would quicK- ly melt it, but little was put up. It kept surprisingly, and thereafter large Quantities were stacked yearly, until for several years past the out-of-doors stack has furnished ice for creamery and household until about September 1. There being a scarcity of ice this year, I had to use an inferior quality, four or five inches thick. The stack was about thirty feet square and four feet high. It has furnished ice to cool about 300 quarts of milk per day, in creamery, besides refrigerator in house. My method is to spread a few inches of shavings on the ground for the ice to rest on, stack the ice and cover with shavings to a depth of about a foot. I have found a low stack best, as there seems to be comparatively little melted from top to bottom; but if an opening through the side covering lets the air in it will cut away very fast, and the higher the stack is the more difficulty in keeping the sides covered. I have used the same shavings year after year. doubt whether it is important to have the stack in the shade; the shavings getting moisture from rain and from the ice, evaporation keeps down the load for single-deck carloads of hogs' and sheep, and ten dollars per carload of double-deck carloads of the same, provided they arrive at these yards in double-deck cars. In case of shipments of sheep in double-deck cars which are changed en route to Chicago to single- deck cars, the commission on such may be charged at the rate of double-deck cars, provided such shipments arrive in Chicago within thirty days from the date of the original shipping bill, and also provided that the original bill following said shipments evidences that the shipment was made in double-deck cars, and at double-deck rates, and provided further that the ownership of the sheep has not changed on the way. Fifty cents per head of cattle of all ages, provided such commission shall aot exceed twelve dollars per carload; and, provided further, that veal calves in less than car loxs shall be charged not less than 25c. per head, but cars of cattle containing less than five veal calves of less than 300 pounds weight each, the commissions on the said calves shall be discretionary. Double- deck cars of calves received here in double-deck cars shall be charged aot less than $18 per double-deck. For mixed carloads of stock $50c. per head of cattle, 25c per head for calves, lOc. per head for hogs and sheep up to ?12 per carload. Thirty head and over of hogs or sheep, or hogs and sheep, arriving at these yards in a single car to constitute one carload to be charged $6 per car For stock arriving at these yards in less than carload lots 50c. per head for cattle, 25c. per head for calves; under thirty head of hogs or sheep 15c. \Vhecls find Carriages. HEN show promoters maintain that there is a necessity for cycle shows because the public must have a new opportunity to compare good with bad construction and find out that the cycle business is not dead, it seems odd that the same promoters consider it expedient to divert the public's attention from the cycles by means of motor carriages, which, cy the way, they will find it difficult to get together. In regard to construction and finish the question also naturally arises whether the public are better at f 6 Cot the §69t Every tlrrtd, You buy Medicine, to sam u-Bii.0 .L -- , ,, , Health Is too valuable to be trlfltd with.' , Its forward end projecting beyond said „„ not experiment. Get Hood'a fiatttp,' -i fmmp and attached to the pommel of r ni a and you will have the best medloiai frame ana a«acu« , ^^ ^ buy ^ ^ tt6dIpUie ^ ^ when all others fall. Yon have every fe&adfi' to expect, it will do for. you what u hjj done tor others. ' Retoembsf Hood's Sarsaparilla ts America's Greatest Medicine, price (j). tween said pads, the spring a' to said frame at the front and rear the saddle leather." trade Marks for Bicycles. A decision was recently handed do*>i by Patent Commissioner Duell, by which registration was refused for a word denoting a color as a trademarn for bicycles. The grounds first given by the examiner for refusing to register the mark were that the word is Hood's Pills ars the favorite cathartic. "1 -have been ^ ^ __________ the salient feature of applicants name ,,, and nevel . failet v i ' ........... Oh I m • business thirty discerning or the manufacturers concealing possible shortcomings the public can see more deeply into construction than the manufacturer wants them to see, then the public does not seem in much need of a show. Ano if the contrary is true—that the manufacturer is best at his own game—then all manufacturers and dealers whose wares are really good would be losers 'iy a show. and is an ordinary surname. To this he commissioner adds: "It la . ettled that color alone does. not constitute' a trademark. If a manufac- urer were allowed to monopolize by "VVhfitt" "To have a failure itt every twehj months." • . line's Family Medicine. . „,„. ------------- - , Moves the bowels each day. Inordet rademark, the color of the package in to be liea ithy this is necessary. AcU wlilr-h his eoods might be wrapped or | gent l v ontheliveji- andlndneys._ Cures sick headache. his goods might the color of the paint or enamel ap- Price 25 and 50c. plied to them, then legitimate competition would be seriously interfered with. A manufacturer of bicycles may paint or enamel his bicycles any color which he may select; but such selection will not take that color from out the public domain, and any other manufacturer will have an equal right to use the same color. This right being a common one, no manufacturer exclusively hold the right to any color as against others, and if one paints or enamels his bicycles white, yellow, blue, green or olive, he has a right to designate ployed." them by the color em- temperature. Cow Comfort. Every good dairyman will look out for the comfort of his cows. It is full time to make any repairs in the cow stable that good management may dictate. Repairs need not be expensive per head. -anes . uterus from one pregnancy to the next; and u the whole barn cannot bput in they are passed out in the discharges the shape it should be, it is certainly that accompany an abortion, and can advlsab i e to put into shape the pait be transferred from cow to cows. Prof. O f t he barn that is occupied by the Bang caused abortion to take place in COW8 . There i s little danger of getting cows ewes and mares after introducing a barn too thoroughly sided in ine pure cuuures of this bacillus. But the air wlll generally manage to get tn/We abortion does not follow sooner than have heard, it is true, of dahymen In a case I making their stables too close, being to eight determined to save every particle or _ even some , , lulf term calves "in a herd subject to tlon ne eds to be given on the other abortion, must be considered as car- slde . The cow is ready to pay • a goofl riers of contagion ten weeks after infection of natural infection, lour months may elapse, and . ers o cona. interest on your outlay for her comfort There is a tendency for the cows to S he will give more milk and keep in become immune, and for the germ to lose virulence, unless it is transplanted to susceptible animals. Thus in herds that are not replenished by new It better flesh and will use less never pays a dairyman to try to warm all out-doors." Every particle of heat that goes from the costs th edai- purchases, abortion dies out or three years, but at the expense of some consequent sterility. But for an unknown period the germs in euch herds are capable of Infecting new cows. To destroy the germs, they must be reached by disinfectant solutions, of in two ryman money and he should so figure It Of course there must be proper ventilation, but often the ventilation Is through so many cracks that it cannot be controlled. Care should be taken against cold drafts through the cracks. Every man Requirements of tUe Horse Market. The St. Louis National Li,ve Stock Reporter of a recent date says: "Common, plain and ordinary horses may fluctuate in value from week to week In the markets but at present the choice and fancy classes of trotting bred cobs and coach horses maintain a firm and high standard of prices. What a pity it is they are so scarce, and especially now when the European and domestic demands are appreciating them more than ever. Foreign buyers are beginning to arrive in the United States in larger numbers and with heavier commissions than in any year since the exportation of horses has reached trade proportations. They all want fine harness horses from 14.2 to 161 hands. The many essentials that constitute a high-class animal are carefully considered. They must have good conformation, style and beauty, their gait must be straight, true and faultless and they must have knee and hock action, the higher and bolder It Is the higher the prices realized. A certain amount of speed should also, attach to the high-acting harness horse and the more ot It the better. The future of the trotting and American coach horse is certainly very en- Novel Sprocket Repair. A quite frequent repair on old machines is the replacement of the front sprocket, the work being made necessary by the wearing out of the original sprocket. Sometimes the work is very difficult on account of the sprocket fastening. Many old sprockets are brazed to the axle or otherwise se- aured so that the task of taking off the old and putting on a new one is laborious enough to take all the profit off the job. A repairer has this season replaced many such sprockets In a manner that not only affords ready accomplishment, of the work, but enables the shopman to better please the patron than would be possible by the mere duplicating of the old sprocket wheel. The method also makes it possible to put on a larger sprocket than can be commonly cured of the old pattern, and avoids all machining of stock sprockets in order to make them fit the axle. The old sprocket is not taken from the axle, but the arms are sawed off about an inch above the hub. A sprocket of the popular type is purchased and holes drilled in the ends of the old sprocket arm stubs. The sprocket Is then placed on the inner side of the old hub and rivets put through the holes. Careful and solid riveting will securely fasten the new sprockets to the hub. The rivets should be as large as the holes through which they pass in order to prevent the sprocket working loose in use. The dished side of the sprocket being turned outward will bring it in approximately the same chain line as the former wheel. The job in each instance where it has been executed has given satisfaction as it gives the owner of the machine a new sprocket which is of a late popular style and lends the bicycle something of an up-to-date appearance. A slight advance in charge may be made for Cnlollte Gas I.amp. An acetylene gas lamp of very simple construction consists of a cylindrical casing containing an upper water chamber and .a lower generating chamber. In the water chamber is a needle valve which carries the regulator for governing the feed of water, and n the lower chamber fits the carbide holder or carrier having the central porous distributing column, which is directly under the feed opening in the division wall. By this construction the manufacturers feel confident having accomplished a regular feed and distribution of the water, a steady light of any desired brilliancy within the limitation of the lamp; and avoidance of all danger of explosion, as no pressure can ever be exerted in the generating chamber. Strictly Business. "I wouldn't give 2 cents for it," exclaimed, disparagingly. And he was right. It was a 1-cent stamp. Recipe for Gold aline Cake. Two cups of sugar and two-thirds ot a cup of butter, beaten to a cream; ona cup of sweet milk and flavoring to taste; four cups of GOLD MINE FLOUR sifted with two teaspponfuls of baking powder; whites of six eggs beaten very stiff. Bake in layers. GOLD MINE FLOUR is guaranteed absolutely pure and produces exquisite cakes. Your grocer keepsjt. A steamship crowded with hundreds of voung German women who expect to become wires in Bast. Africa will soon leave Hamburg. . Honest grocers prefer to sell hones.1 soap. Diamond "C" Soap is honest, economical, every way desirable. A Chicago man died and left 550,000 to the newsboys of that city—the interest on it to be expended for their benefit for ninety-nine years. He was once a newsboy himself. Am dellBHtea wlft DB. BBTH ATOTOLVB COUGH KILLER; It cures every time. Uov. J. b. Coralsn, Waynesville,Ill. 25c. n, bottle. At 40 a man doesn't think he knows aa much as he thought he new at 20, but he knows he knows more. Go South This Winter. For the present winter season the Louisville' & Nashville Kailroad Company has improved its already nearly perfect through service of Pullman Vestilonled Sleeping Cars and elegant day coaches from Cincinnati, Louisville, St. Louis and Chicago,.to Mobile, New Orleans and the Gulf Coast, Thomasville, Ga., Pensacola, Jacksonville, Tampa, Palm Bcacli and other points in Florida. Perfect connection will be made witli steamer lines ioi Cuba, Porto Rico, Nassau and West Indian, ports. Tourist and Home- Seekers'exciirsion tickets on sale at low rates. Write C. P. Atmore, Gen- 'eral Passenger Agent, Louisville, Ky., for particulars. J Miller Makes 1'ropUeolea. C W. Miller, of Chicago, is home again, after his three months' trip abroad. His only victory across the water was the winning of the 72-hour race in Paris, but he believes he would have had a good chance at first money in the Berlin 24-hour race if it had not been for the breaking of his wind shields and ten of the chains on his three petroleum motor tandems during the first nine hours, and a bad fall in the tenth hour. Huret won the race, and now Miller wants to meet him in a match race in Paris next year. Frederic, the Swisa rider, who ran sec-' ond to him in the 72-hour race, and rode continuously for 42 hours -with- The hardest thing- in the world is to. endeavor to be brilliant to order. A catalogue of 300 prizes suitable to every taste and condition mailed pn inquiry. Prizes given for saving Diamond "C" Soap wrappers. Address Cudahy Soap Works, South Omaha, Neb. The list contains many seasonable and suitable holiday gifts. The most curious agency which has been inaugurated in Paris for some time past is that for the supply of the fourteenth guest. Parisians, like some other people, have a superstitious obiection to dinner parties of tnirteen. •' i • „„ n •Pr»m*ff»f»n r.f The agency supplies a guest when desired. fourteenth supplying the new sprocket over that out a dismount, he looks upon as a which could be expected for putting on one of the old style, and as the job dangerous competitor, and prophesies that he will finish among the first is easier to do than the average job of tliree i n the coming New York six-day sprocket replacement after the old race _ plan, It becomes a more profitable re- | ne pair for the shopman. It Miller wins this race he says go for the 24-hour record in An applicant for employment as detective in the United States secret service naively declared, as one of ma qualifications for the work, that ne w which creolin is best. The interior of I knows how great damage is done by tbe uterus can not be disinfected except these apertures. When the cow is in just after calving, and should always excellent condition she may be able be washed out by a disinfectant solu- to resist even the malirerous conditions tion after an abortion. Thus, if a herd | produced by loose boud* Jut If she* is badly infected, it will take a year or more of careful work to destroy all the germs. Of course all parts of the couraging.' in any way out of ^ order sh £ ly be affected by the cold wind in a stream upon her. It sometimes e g. barn and all animals, implements, at- happens that the cold comes ir i in _a place where it is not easily detected, between boards that are out of sight, or knot-holes that are hidden by the beams. These should be hunted up and stopped up. tendants, etc., exposed to contamination at the time of an abortion, should be rigorously disinfected, and the products of abortion; even the bull also. New cows introduced must be carefully watched, and should receive washings until after they have calved, and been purified by disinfectant injections, Samples for Milk Testing. As the result of a recent tour through the dairying 'districts of Victoria, the well-known chemist and dairy expert, Mr. W. H. Potts, delivered to the Butter and Cheese Factories Managers' Association of Victoria a yery interesting and intensely practical lecture, from which we make the following extract, says New Zealand Dairyman: One of the most important features in conducting the system of payment by results Is to secure a thorough representative and uniform sample. la several place3 I have found Insufficient regard paid to, not only tlie taking of it, but also to its preservation. Unless these be faithfully carried out all subsequent proceedings are futile, and I must again urge this matter on $.he attention of creamery managers. jt Is not an uncommon sight to gee a creamery manager, sample bottle i» ' - • y™ \ >;$#*, Ji'V L f • ' i, engaged in a jipft «itb a suppler, and 'tlhe violent Large Cities and Cheese Slaking. Changes are gradually taking place In the outlet for milk in New York state which seem to be tending toward a reduction of the area where cheese manufacture can compete with other channels for the consumption of the raw material, says New York Produce Review. Rapid growth of population in the large cities has steadily increased the requirements of milk and cream for consumption as such and the area of supply for the great markets of New York and vicinity has been pushed out through sections formerly devoted to butter and cheese production until manufacture of these products along tbe lines of railway within a hundred miles of New York has ceased to be of commercial importance. The Influence of direct milk trade is now being felt at still greater distances and affecting tbe cbeese production as far noVtb as Herklraer and adjacent counties, -which bave formed a section of mucb importance to the cheese trade. Fast milk trains, tapping tbis section, Se tab? put on botb tbe New York ' and West Sbore raHrqads and milk atatlo»8 are being erect- The Horse's Power of Scent,—-There Is one perception which a horse possesses to which little attention has been paid, says Tait, and that is the power of scent. With some horses it Is acute, as with the dog, and for the benefit of those who drive at night, such as physicians and others, this knowledge is invaluable. I never knew It to fail, and I have ridden hundreds of miles of dark nights, and in consideration of this power of scent this is my simple advice: Never check your horse at night, but give him a free hand, and you may rest assurec that he will never get off the road and he will carry you safe and expeditious ly. In regard to the power of scent ii a horse, I once knew one of a pair tha was stolen and recovered mainly by the track being made out by his mate, and that after he had been absent six or eight hours.—Ex. The latest In Saddles. ' The claims allowed for this patent six in number. Claim 1 reads as folows: "In a bicycle saddle, the com- Paris, and feels confident that paced by motor tandems fitted with wind shields, he can cover 700 miles. teague Officers Sued. Albert Mott, Isaac B. Potter and bination of the broad wooden frame, Henry' Sturney have just had a suit he spring mounted on said frame and f or $25,000 for damages for libel attached at its front and rear ends brought against them toy the American thereto said spring having the yield- cycle Racing Association for the warning issued in a racing board bulletin to foreign riders against participation in the coming unsanctioned six-day race, with the added advice to get payment in advance for any remuneration that may be offered them, Sturmey's complicity in the alleged libel is rather foggy, as it does not clearly appear that he printed the warning Mott an nounces he sent to him for promulga^ tion by the International Cyclists' Association. In any event, he can probably shift the responsibility onto the L. A. W. officials. had been married four limes. statement was evidently intended to convince Chief Wilde that the applicant was a man of remarkable courage. The nails of the Chinese nobility sometimes attain the length of nineteen inches and the Siamese belles wear long silver cases at the ends 01 their fingers to protect the nails it they are long enough to need it, or to make people believe that they are there even if they are not. An old bachelor says that love is the sugar-coating on the bitter pm ot matrimony. __ --A-Winter Excursion If stoic you oan flml help, H crippled , with rheumatism you oan be ourea. If tired you need rest and vUe to go is : Hot Springs, South Dakota. Tbo expense Is less than you Imagine. i Northwestern I^lne" has announced special excursions, certain days this uiontus, at "The Dry Floors in the Creamery.—Some buttermakers always keep the work room floor of the creamery wet while they are at work, and think that they must wear rubber boots to keep their feet dry. It is pleasanter to work in a dry room, and the creamery floor can be kept dry, if the buttermaker tries to keep }t so. Of course water will get spilled, sometimes, and once in a while milk, cream or buttermilk will slop over and make a wet spot, but whenever tbts happens, clean It up and keep the room dry. Everything in the creamery will look better and last longer it Kept dry. Your butter will keep better, as a wet floor always produces mold, wove ov less, au4 It is mucli more comfortable tor tUe buttemfukev to Wfi5w^^^^ pal ^ **«• ing forwardly-extending portion and the curved portion near the rear end thereof, and the leather supported on said frame and spring." Claim 6 is more specific, as follows: "In a bicycle saddle, the combination of a solid wooden frame shaped into concavo' convex form having the curved back and laterally-extending side portions and the. reduced forwardly-extending neck tbe back of said frame rising above tbe reduced forward portion thereof and having an inward curve at the center of tbe rear, tbe leather shaped to conform to .tbe contour of said frame having at its back, a central Inward curve which coincides with tbe curve of said frame and baving tbe central longitudinal depression lead? ing from eftid rear inward curve and 'extending forward to a point adjacent ',to tbe pommel, tbe pads interposed Island of Blonte CrUto. Lovers of Dumas' Immortal romance will note with interest the statement by the London Morning Post's Rome correspondent that tbe island of Monte Crlsto, rendered so famous by Dumas' Immortal romance, Is about to be organized as a hunting ground for the • - -- • The Italian news- 1 , the lease of tha Marquis Ginori, who previously hired the shooting in the island, has run out, and that the state is arranging to reserve the island—which Is thickly wooded and completely uninhabited— as a special shooting ground for tbe crown prince. The Evans Hotel will remain open and this and all other hotels and boarding, houses ar« 'giving good service with low rates during the winter. RouodTrlp Rates j s , oux And oorresroadlng reductions from other points Prince of Napjes, papers add that west Climate, water, Scenery ^o,**?'Jo* *„* ugen« Deulson,' lows, can tell you will be December 23 CURE I frritatlop? or * - oel t« ivrisvwe. "* ot in u o a u t. BiembrWJ. Pr«i«ut« soBdjlop. painless, and not r" 1 *'"- llmEVANSOHEMIOALOo. g«nt or poisonous. Municipal Electric I4gbtlag In Euglaud. Statistics compiled by Robert Ha mond show that local authorities in England have new works in course of construction amounting to $5,000,000, against ??,OOQ,000 in the case of companies. Manchester bad a net profit year; Liverpool's proftt « 3,800, §nd oj #1W13 £i7,000; gt. or sent in plain by v#it>«iwBvt FV* T f"Srt~H* ~ 11.00, or 3 l)0tfle», »2.76. . Cirevltr sent oo re»ue»fc

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