The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on November 30, 1898 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 30, 1898
Page 3
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,/ / '• - .,-,-.. v./y^ - , - ^r-^o-v^V^r^; .... : : ^v..^:.-.,.. • ' ''•'•/ ••" DBS M01NE8! ALRONA tOWA. WM?JVESEyg\. NOVEMBER itO. 1868 Carrie The Telegraph Gift XXX ROMANCE OF THE CHEROKEE STRIP. XXX Captain jack Oawfot*d "THE POET scour." (Continued.) going away, that consolation; going to a %isy here she would have no time wire chats. I could endure her for few hours; and although I would •ye resented from any one the impu- >uon that I was a liar, I assured her " be delighted to have her come, --• „! * ould e "deavor to make her brief iv VWait a pleasant one. '' Whpn the freight from the -south that afternoon, I had nerved for a few hours of torture. The stopped away down in the 'it- ,Y " ns r 8tootl on the Platform rejecting on what a martyr I was going to make of myself, l Hnw the conductor -caboose to the ground, her along the side of the towards the depot. A call from the Instrument drew me inside, and TPnen J came out again they were near the platform. I stood and stared iu Blank amazement. A neat, stylish llt- .' tie figure clad in grey, a jaunty hat, ,j .. »om beneath which the prettiest im«* . br ° Wn curls fel1 lu clustering fjMwauty above the prettle8t fac9 j .thought I had ever seen. She was J laughing merrily at some remark from her, e **°rt, and the air seemed filled >ith As he ascended .She platform steps to where I stood , .transfixed and dumb with amazement she gave me but one glance of her Jnerry blue eyes, and was about to pass f>n into the office when the conductor «aid : ' " A moment, Miss Rankln, Let me introduce Mr. Saundors, the agent here f red, this is Miss Carrie Rankln, late •Of TTvlmriTi/l »» •of Edmoncl. She started at me with a look of , -Unutterable surprise, and had a mirror , £een thrust in front of me, I would no "doubt have seen reflected an expression of equal amazement. For a moment she stood glancing first at my- and then at the conductor self and then a peal of merry laughter rang out from her pouting lips, and extending ner hand she said: "Oh, that monstrous fibber, Tom Armstrong! If I ever get within reach of him again I'll pull every hair out of his head! Why, he told me you were an old man, Mr. Saunders, and—and— that you were humpbacked, and had lost one of your limbs in a railway accident some years ago. He pictured you such a fright that I hesitated long before deciding to come here. I was actually afraid of you!" "I'll kill him on sight!" I cried retaining the pretty hand which rested 1n mine. "He led me to believe you an aged widow with two children, and a face that would set my teeth on edge when you should present it before me, and that you had a temper which a buzz saw could not scratch. However, in the glad awakening from that hideous dream I almost feel that I can forgive him, and as the frightful old widow no longer confronts me, permit me to bid you a hearty welcome to your old home. I trust you may enjoy the few hours you are to remain here. You have the freedom of the office; and of the great city." fe> "Thank you. It is Very good of you, and since my humpbacked ogre has (limped away on his one leg, I will enter his den with no fear. How drear- 'ily natural the old place looks" (taking !off her hat and throwing it on the ta- !bie). "How many lonely days and mights 1 spent here, fearing each rattle of the window by the wind might be ja-tramp or a prowling Indian, and ev- 'ery sound from the outside at night :might come from the dreaded Dalton ;gang, lying in wait to rob a train. May jl look in my old room?" "Certainly." "Same cheerless place. Yes, more cheerless, for really, Mr. Saunders, you do not keep it so neat as I did. When •did you sweep it last?" j She glanced into ray face with an larch look and smilingly awaited my reply. "I think It was one day last week, or i'-was it week before? It was the day |£he superintendent came over the road |im a special. The sprucing up of de- |j, 11 ' ' BQts by agents—male agents, that is— ''' % always regulated by official visits Wiped my perspiring face with my smutty hands. When I cltmbed down again you should have seen me! t had that morning put on a white summer dress mamma had just sent down to me, and it was ruined, and my face was as black as any Topsy you ever saw, What made It mote horrible was that the passenger going south whistled just as I descended from the loft, and not knowing my face waa In such a horrid condition, I gathered up my train mail and went, out on the platform, and such a guying as the train men gave me! There was a grinning face at every car window as the train pulled by. Oh, dear! what a fright I found myself when I looked in my mirror!" As we sat in the office during the evening chatting she grew more and more vivacious and jolly, and our merry laughter rang out in marked contrast to the usual stillness which prevailed about the dreary station. We went to supper at the section house, and on returning she went at once to the key and asked the dispatcher if the train then nearly due was on time. "No. 4 delayed by wash-out below Guthrie," came the reply. "Can't say how soon track will be repaired." "Oh, dear! My usual luck!" she said. "I seldom find a train on time when I want to go anywhere!" "Are you then so anxious to terminate what has been to me a most delightful visit?" I asked. "Oh, no. I assure you I have enjoyed it fully ( as much as yourself, but I fear I will become tiresome to you with my senseless chatter." I feit like assuring her that a lifetime spent in her society would not weary me. The time sped swiftly until the grey shades of evening began to gather, and I lighted the office lamp. No. 4 was reported safely over the track, and would reach Red Rock about 9 o'clock. Excusing herself a moment to go to the cooler in the freight-room for a drink of ice water, Miss Rankln passed from the room, and had scarcely disappeared ere I heard heavy footsteps on the plaUorm, and a moment later the front door was thrown open and four masked men entered and covered me with murderous-looking revolvers. "Git away from that table, young feller, an' don't you make a move fords that tellygraph till the train comes, or it'll find a piece o' baggage 'yar it ain't looking fur. How soon is she due?" I am not naturally a coward, but this harsh transformation from a blissful dream of love to the very precincts of death unnerved me, and confess I was tnoroughly frightened. Then came the thought that Miss Rankln would return in a moment, and what indignities might not be offered her by these members of the notorious Dalton gang (for such I knew them to be); cruel, reckless men who had less regard for women than for dumb brutes which carried them to places of safety after their lawless raids. "The train is past due now, but has been delayed by a washout below Guthrie, and may not be here for several hours yet," I replied. "I'll ask about her." I made a move toward the telegraph table, hoping by a word to warn the dispatcher, but halted at the ominous clicking of a pistol. "No, you don't," the leader said. "If you want that pale hide o' your'n tattooed with cold lead, you jest make another break like that! Yer lyln' about that train, an' we're agoin' to camp right 'yar with you till it comes, fur we have business with it. Sit down on that bench." I could but obey. The mental torture I endured was terrible, not only through fear of Miss Rankin's return to the office, but through the knowledge that an attempt was to be made to rob the train, and the lives of good men might be sacrificed defending the property entrusted to their care. How could the robbers be frustrated? If I could but reach the key and flash the words, "Train robbers," and sign my office call, the dispatcher would hear and understand; for iu those troublous days the keen-eared night guardians of We passed on into the freight-room, jjch only in name, for no goods save men's supplies had ever been therein. From the freight-room ladder led up to the loft between ^e ceilings of the office and sleeping io/m and the roof, and, pointing up ,.the dust-covered rafters, my fair M or said: ( n had a dreadful time up there one iy. The insulated copper wires from |g instruments run up through the of- ceiling, you know, and connect the line out under the eaves of depot. I cut out my instruments K$ heavy thunderstorm, and when I at it again after the storm had pasa- *: found the wire open on both sides ae. Fearing the trouble was in my |<je I began a close search for it, and, Jlng the wires below all right, I jbed up the ladder to the loft. Up dark, black, dusty, sooty place both wires burned off by lighting; an<J what a tlnie J had repairing ! It was very hot and close the company's interests were ever on, the alert for such intelligence. For half an hour I weighed the matter of a desperate attempt in my mind. I had lost fear of my charming visitor's safety, feeling satisfied by her absence that she had heard the robbers and was concealed in the freight room, or had escaped by the back door and gone to the section house for aid. But what assistance could come from there? I knew there was not a firearm in the section house, and the section men would seek safety iu flight at the first intimation that 1 was in the hands of the Dal tons. It at last determined to make one desperate attempt to warn the train-dispatcher, and thus save the train from robbery. I did not believe the villains would shoot, and felt that although they might use me roughly for my attempt, ,my duty to the company demanded that I should make it and meet the consequences. Waiting until I heard the dispatcher respond to a report of the belate'd train from Mulhall, but two stations below, and knowing that he was at his table, I'rose and bounded toward my instrument. "Trai—" I got no further. There was a loud report, I felt a heavy blow accompanied by a stinging sensation on my right thigh, and sank to the floor. "You cussed fool, that's yer game, is it? Lucky fur you my gun went off afore I got it raised, or that shod'd a tuk you whar 1 it'd a done more good!" They picked me up ana threw we roughly on the bench, cursing me In a tor my attempt to from the absence ot severe pain felt sure the bone had not been broken. The train must be nearing Wharton, the next station South, and after passing there no earthly power could prevent it from falling Into the hands of the scowling villains who sat near me. The instrument had been quiet for a long time, and I laid trembling with anxiety expecting every moment to hear Wharton report the passing of No, 4. "Click! Click! B-r-r-r-r click!" What caused the Instrument to act so queerly? Then, in clear clicklngs 1 heard the dispatcher's call. Wharton was about to report the train—but, no! My own office signal was signed to the call. What did it mean? The dispatcher responded, and my heart gave a great throb of delight as I heard these words flashed over the wire: "This Is Cr at Red Rock. 3d held by train robbers in office, I have wire tapped in loft. Stpp No. 4, Wharton, quick!" "I heard that, will hold 4 here all right," Wharton broke in and said. An order was sent him to hold the train for further orders, and an explanatory message sent to the conductor. Thank God, the train was safe! I understood It all now. The brave little girl had heard the robbers when they entered, had listened to our conversation, and recalling her former experience in the dirty loft, had climbed up ' there in the darkness, broken one of the wires and, striking tho ends together, had been able to communicate with tho dispatcher. In the stillness of the night I knew she could hear every click of the instrument below, and work as effectively as if sitting at the telegraph table. "God bless you, little girl, you have done great work this night. Special train with sheriff's posse will leave in five minutes, and make run to Red Rock in forty-five minutes. Remain where you will be safe in case of a fight with robbers." "Oh! I am so fearful Sd has been killed," I heard her say. "I heard them threaten to kill him and heard a shot, followed by a shuffling of feet." In a tone 01 voice so loud I knew she could hear It, I said: "Men, I have been shot in the thigh and am in pain. This bench is a hard bed for a wounded man. Won't you carry me in and lay me on my bed in the next room?" "Wat do we kcer how you suffer after that bad break o' yours? Lay still, or you'll get more of it!" I heard the little heroine report the words to the dispatcher, and felt that my object had been accomplished and her anxiety relieved. In a moment came a message intended for my ears: "Brace up, Fred, for help is coming. We've got the best of this game, but I am distressed at your condition, old fellow. Grin and bear It. I will be with you the minute the train gets here.—Cr." (To be continued.) ORCHIDS THATR1VALTHE UPAS Hra/.lllaii Forest That In Guarded by a Toll of Chloroform. From Collier's Weekly: Serge Bal- agulne, a Russian explorer of Brazil, states in an interview recently published in the Gaulols of Paris, that a few degrees below the equator he discovered a forest of flowers that prevented him from approaching them. With every deference to Mr. Bala- guine, that forest seems to have been discovered before. Two years ago there appeared in a San Francisco paper an account provided by a bulb hunter returning from the same region, who declared that after noticing in a forest an odor, vague and sweet at first, but which increased as he advanced, ultimately he reached a cler.ring, and there, straight ahead, was a wilderness of orchids. Trees wen loaded with them, underbrush wan covered with them, they trailed on ihe ground, mounted In beckoning contortions, dangled from bunches, fell in sheets and 'elongated and expanded as far as the eye could reach. A breeze passed and they swayed with it, inoving with a life of their own, dancing in the glare of the quatorlal sun, and as they danced exhaling 1 an odor that protected them more sheerly than a wall. In vain did that hunter endeavor to approach. There was a veil of perfumed chloroform through which he could see, but through which, try as he might, he could not pass. It held him back more effectually than bayonets, and it was torture to him to see those flowers and to feel that before he could reach them he must die, suffocated by the very splendors of which he was in search, poisoned by floral jewels such as no one perhaps had seen before. At the time the place was known as the village of demon flowers. DAIRY AND POtJLTftt. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOft OUR RURAL READERS. Snccesifnl Farmer* Operate Department ot th* F«tm—A JFSw Bints «t to the Care ot Live Stock and Ponltry. tr«6d by Britain. The Canadian Commissioner of Agriculture, in a report, says: The following table shows the imports of eggs Into Great Britain in the year ending December 31st. 1896: From— Dozens. Value. Canada 5,003,170 $ 870,798 Other British possessions ........ 269,310 40,987 United States .... 477,030 78,339 •Russia ..24,061,680 3,066,253 Sweden 194,450 29,229 Denmark 15,666,230 2,546,191 Germany 29,304,860 3,806,322 Holland 321,230 49,078 Belgium 22,439,090 3,379,023 Franco 32,757,760 6,196,240 Portugal 638,060 91,642 Spain 763,620 117,982 Morocco 527,800 73,195 Other foreign oouutrles 135,820 20,534 |ere, and I had left my handkerchief thwart them in their plans, j the telegraph table, and frequently baa been shot through the thigh, P«t I'olnt for Inventors. It has long been recognized by expert telegraph operators that urgent necessity exists for improving the present sending apparatus. This point was forcibly illustrated at a late telegraph tournament in New York. At the first tick of ttie signal to start in a sending contest a reader started to indicate to the typewriter. In four minutes and 30 seconds he had written the entire article, which contained 413 words. In five minutes, the time,, appointed for the test, the telegrapher who took the prize only transmitted 254 words, and that this was considered the more remarkable performanceJs a concession of the imperfect nature of telegraph sending methods. The telegraph sender of to-day }s confined to t'.ie use of one band, and has to ma' e many strokes to form one conj- ple « letter, while the typewriter haa the free use of eight- fingers, >eac& one of which with a single stroke ohwwtep pr Total 132,450,110 $20,365,326 I found in Manchester, Liverpool and also in London, that Canadian eggs were gaining a better reputation in the trade. Those that arrived in cold storage chambers were said to be pleasing Very well. Tho only complaint I heard was that when the cases were opened the eggs became very moist, and were said to be "sweating," or to bo covered with drops like dew. As a matter of fact, the cause of that was tho opening, of the cases containing the eggs immediately after they were taken from the cold storage room. That exposed the cold storage of tho eggs to the warm moist atmosphere, and the moisture was condensed on their surface just In the same ,way that it would be condensed on the surface of a pitcher or glass containing ice water. Those importers who loft the cases closed for two days iu the chamber at tho ordinary temperature of the air, and then opened them, found that tho eggs had been warmed up gradually, and had a fine appearance. In the matter of improving that trade. I think two points need particular care, otherwise I fear there will be dissatisfaction and loss in carrying on tho business. (1) Every handler of eggs, from the one who gathers them from tho nests, to the one who exports them In cases, should leave out all those of doubtful quality and all the small ones; and (2) There should bo more frequent and regular collection of eggs from the farmers, the eggs being brought together and kept In a cold place, where there Will be no change or spoiling. An AdiiuileHS Hen ISdcn. Writing on "A Poultry Yard Without a Grower," the poultry editor of the Boston.Massachusetts, Ploughman says: The poultry editor has been experimenting with a yard of ten hens the past year, keeping no male in the pen. This is by no means tho first time he has tried the experiment, and the result confirmed the former conclusion that under some conditions the plan is the best. In the first place an extra hen can be kept in place of the cock, thus giving an extra egg every other day, which is very nearly the average yield of each of the ten hena. The roosterless pen did not perhaps lay better than the other pens, but It certainly did fully as well. There was no Itch or other contagious disease, which Is often transferred throughout the pen where the cock is kept. There were no broken eggs and no torn or lame backs. The germless c jgs keep better and are better liked by certain fastidious customers. There was no crowing from this pen to disturb the sleepers by night and early morning. The only drawback was the somewhat peculiar behavior of the celibate hens, but when kept in a pen most of the time there Is little annoyance. If poultry keepers in general come to realize the uselessness of the males for the most of the year, there would take place a grand slaughter of surplus cocks. Hens will lay or set fully as well if there are no crowers on tho premises. At breeding season one may be added two weeks before beginning to save eggs for hatching. What's the use in keeping from one to a dozen free poultry boarders on the farm the year around, just because most people do, At 'any rate it Is better to thin them out a little, Yield of Milk. An Instructive illustration of the manner In which the milk and butter yielding capacities of dairy cows may be developed by careful selection, is afforded by some details recently given publicity to in connection with a prominent herd, says an exchange. About a dozen years ago the milk of all the cows comprised In this herd—over 60 In number—was carefully analyzed. Nine of the cows were found to be showing over 8 per cent, and ?5 per cent are yielding mliJt showing over 4& per cent of butter fat. The result has only been attained by the exef else of great care and scrupulous attention In the selection of bulls, and no Blre is used wthbiit every Inquiry being made as to the milking records 6f his female ancestry. SUat 1'rlcM In Germany. The National Provisloner, Itt & recent article on American hams in Germany, says: "The meat famine continues to Increase. In the eastern provinces pork costs 80 pfennigs (20c) per pound and good "butchers' meat" Is practically unobtainable. The scarcity prevails not only In towns, but even In the remotest country districts, where the farmers cannot get harvesters at the usual wages on account of the Increased cost of living. The central organ of the butchery trade relates that In Thurlngla the farmers have no cattle to sell, and that the butchers have to buy their swine from the wholesale dealers at 68 marks per hundred pounds, living. When slaughtered the Cork has cost the butchers 75 pfennigs per pound. When the farmers are asked why they do not fatten more stock, they say that with the present high prices for barley meal it would not pay. Thus the grand aim of the Agrarian League—dear meat and dear corn—is realized, nnd satisfies nobody. Tho agrarian organs publish pages dally to show that the import restrictions have nothing to do with the scarcity, but their arguments do not carry conviction. In town and country, in factory and on the farm, everybody is clamor- Ing for a removal, or at least a suspension, of the import restrictions." by Too Cold MlllC. The Maine Farmer says: "A representative of a Maine creamery has been testing the skimmllk of Us patrons, and taking tho temperature of the tank in which tho deep cans were placed for cooling and raising the cream, Very much to his surprise, he found that many of thorn kept their milk too cold. He found the skimmllk most free from butter fat when the temperature was nearest to 45 degrees. At 3G degrees there wag from one to two-tenths of one per cent, more of butter fat in the sldmuiilk than when it was kept at 45 degrees, or near that point." A difference of that amount, or one or two pounds of butter in a thousand pounds of milk seems a small amount, and would be in one cow's milk, yet it ,1s worth saving, and would be a very important item in a creamery whore they were using the milk of several hundreds cows all tho season. But tho important point is that this loss is obtained at some extra expense. With water from a cold well or spring it would require very little Ice to maintain a temperature of 45 degrees, while to cool to 30 degrees would require heavy icing. It is poor economy to expend $2 worth of ice to lose 50 cents worth of butter. CUIvago'd nilllc Supply. N. H. Warren, a dairy farmer of Wasco, 111., has written an open letter to Commissioner of Health Reynolds in reply to the circular sent to producers, handlers and shippers of milk for the Chicago market. This circular dealt with tho danger of contamination of the milk supply. Mr. Warren says tho old dairymen, who are careful in their handling of milk, are discouraged because of the "starvation price of milk"—a yearly average of 2 cents a quart—paid by the dealers in Chicago. Many, therefore, are selling their cows, probably to give place to new dairymen who are not competent or willing to deliver as good an article in as good condition as the old dairymen. He thinks some measure should be taken to give the men who own the cows a living price-for their milk and remove the temptation to employ cheap, slovenly help In the dairies. Commissioner Reynolds commends the writer for "his Intelligent presentation of the case," but says: "Of course, the department of health cannot regulate the price of milk." What t?ofa*titate* « ft*** Met* Anttfi»iJ Pro*. 0. f, Cartis, wMtlag ift •&$ fourteenth annual frepiSrt of t6e BHf6fttt of Animal Industry says; ifc wlS Hoi until within receat years tbat tits heavy, Ifibrdlnateiy fat, or fbugfe Sfti patchy bullock, became unpopular" td , such ait' extent as practically to dMta this class ironi the inarket ifcd to* banish the type from the breeding herds. It is well that this was doftes for the modern type makes beef at de"- 8 cldedly more profit and economy to both the producer and the butcher ttfi3 furnishes the consume* a ftkr superior article. The parts furfllah- ing the high-priced cuts milise be thickly and evenly covered with flrtn yet mellow flesh of uniform good quality ahd alike free from haitf foils and blubbery patches. Coarse, harsh, ahd gaudy animals will no long* er bo tolerated, much less those that are bony and bare of flesh on the back and ribs. The men who buy our cftttla and fix their market value are shrewd enough to know almost at a glance how much and just what kind of meat a steer or carload of steers will cut out, and if the producer overlooks any ot the essential points he is compelled to bear the loss. Then, In addition to securing the general beef form and makeup, together with good backs, ribs, and loins, there Is a certain quality, character, style and finish that constitute an important factor in determining the value of beef cattle. One of the flrst indications of this Is to be found In the skin and coat. A good feeding r.nt- mal should have a soft mellow touch and a soft but thick and heavy coat. A harsh, unyielding skin la an indication of a sluggish circulation and low digestive powers. The character and finish exemplified by a clear, prominent yet placid eye, clean-cut features, fine horn, and clean, flrrn bone, all go to indicate good feeding quality and a capacity to take on a finish of the highest excellence, and consequently to command top prices. Coarse-boned, rough animals are almost Invariably slow feeders and hard to finish properly. A certain amount of size Is necessary, but It should be obtained without coarseness. The present demand exacts quality and finish rather than size. Besides these qualities, and above all, it is necessary to have vigor and constitution. We find evidence of these in a wide forehead, a prominent brisket, broad chest, well-sprung ribs, full heart girth, and general robust appearance; and without these other excellence will not have Us highest significance. yielding milk showing over 5 per cent of butter fat, twenty-two were yielding over 4 per cent, fourteen were yielding 4 per cent, and twenty-three were yielding under 4 per cent. From this date onward, calves were only kept off the cows which yielded milk showing over 4% per cent of butter fat, and the tribes of the others were gradually weeded out. By the aid of a, regularly kept milk record the product of every cow Is known, and none Is kept for any length of time which does not yield over 600 gallons per annum. By combining what is learned from the analysis and the milking record, and only keeping calves from epws whose produce la up to standard, alike In quality and quantity; tWwMklJHf prop* !!"*!, °U¥ ° ow * k. 8 ™ bee » "*? fa cent gt Hi members Shallow Sotting of Milk. The makers of butter sustain a great loss in shallow settings. Every person that has had experience with the shallow pans knows that no matter how well the cream rises it is difficult to skim it so closely that a good deal of the cream will not remain sticking around the sides of the pans and float- Ing In the milk. When deep setting is practiced the cream is so thick at the top and so solid that it is removed with much greater ease, and the amount left around the edges is not greater than in the first place from a much smaller quantity of milk. An experiment to.determine the loss from 250 pounds of milk per day showed about two pounds of butter fat left In the milk, where the milk was set for twelve hours. This two pounds of butter fat would make more than two pounds of butter. This daily loss during a year's time would be good Interest on the herd. The advantage of Wving a small separator, when the farmer is not In reach of a large one, is obvious. Prices of Wool.—Although there are large uncqnsumed stocks of wool in this country, the prices of new clips in the West have been advanced above the quotations current In the Eastern centers. The Western wool producers are In close touch with agricultural prosperity, and they have high hopes of the future. They may be wrong, but we believe they are right }n regard to the' price of WOQ!, In fact, yearly every well-informed, man thinks that the price of wool will advance this fall.—Maine Farmer, Effect of SIluBo on Milk. Repeated experiments have shown that no fear Is to bo entertained as to the effect of ensilage on the quality of milk. Some of the 'most progressive dairymen In the country feed it, even those that are shipping milk at fancy prices to thousands of customers. Good silage fed properly is bound to improve the quality of the E.:!:!: and butter rather than detract from it. If the silage is kept in the barn with the cows, and parts of the silage refuse allowed to pile up and rot in tho corners of the cow stable till ft" becomes a fetid mass, then very likely the milk will be affected, for it is believed that the odors of such masses will readily impart themselves to the milk. This is denied, we know, by those who assert that milk will not take in odors when In the warm state, but we are suspicious of that kind of reasoning. One dairyman says that ho began tho feeding of silage with a good deal of fear, but after he had fed for some time his commission man wrote to him that his butter was the best in quality that it had ever been at that time of year. As the sellsr of the butter knew nothing about the silage being fed, the letter was taken as a proof that silage, rightly fed, improves rather than detracts from the quality of the 'butter. Similar incl- dents are constantly coming to light, and this is only part proof that silage la one of the best friends of the dairyman. Stock on Westorn Uangeg. William Penn Anderson of the railway bureau of live stock statistics Union Stock Yards, Chicago, has just completed a canvass of the range cattle of the country for the Associated Press. He says along from southern Texas to northern Montana the grass on the ranges, with the exception of a few droughty spots in the fall, was excellent. An abundant hay crop was harvested, and a greater number of cattle in proportion will be sustained throughout the coming winter than ever before. He also says there is. a wonderful increase in the calf crop, as shown by tho records of "round-up" foremen on the open ranges. The movement of cattle and sheep to feed lots and other eastern markets during October is almost without parallel. There Is a veritable stockcar famine in the Rockies and intermountaln states. There are thousands of cattle being held iu close herd awaiting shipment, a,n* United States Consul-General Bowen, writing from Spain, says; , Spain imported during J896, 24,402,183 eggs, principally from Morocco and Portugal, and exported 6,920,983, principally to Great Britain. QallQla, la the southern part of Spain, is the only exporting province. The southern provinces are the chief Importers, Nowhere In. Spain can (he production of eggs be very large, fw they sell for two pesetas per dozen when fresh, and for one and one-half pesetas per dozen when more than four days ojd. seta Is equivalent now to about cents gold.) Recently a »o,uUry B,tarte<J , and IQ.QQtt chlcj£e»s, tbgre, an0 frgm. pe-

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