The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on November 2, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 2, 1898
Page 6
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Page 6 article text (OCR)

UPf'EE DK8 MOINEBJ ALGONA, IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 2, 1898, DAHtY Ml) CHAPlfeRS OUR RURAL READERS. tton Successful farmer* Opetaie This Department ot the farm —A Few Hints as to tbts Care ot Lira Stock •nd Poultry. if'S'- (far Bactsrm. R. A. Pearson, assistant chief of the Dairy Division, U. S. Department of Agriculture, says: Just how a dairy originally becomes infected with objectionable bacteria which color the milk or cause it to be ropy, slimy, bitter, or soapy, or how a creamery or cheese factory which has had no previous trouble with bacteria is infected with troublesome farrzs, is not always known. Occasionally outbreaks occur which are as unexpected and inexplicable as are some outbreaks of Infectious diseases in healthy communities. But it should be remembered that bacteria are extremely minute bodies and that many ways of moving about, even long distances, are possible to them. They can often successfully withstand what would seem to be very unfavorable conditions and thus for a long time hold their life as they are carried from place to place, or as conditions about them change, until they find themselves in a favorable location for growth, and then immediately commence to multiply at a marvelous rate. They may' first be Introduced in to a factory by impure water, milk from an infected dairy, cans which have been used for other than 1 dairy purposes, and especially by dust or anything which carries dirt. Preventive Measures.—After objectionable germs have once entered the factory three things are required for their growth or increase,. namely, •warmth, moisture, and food. It is impossible to keep the temperature from being favorable to them in the Bummer time, but by keeping the factory as dry as possible, the food supply scarce, and subjecting the germs to conditions which are fatal to them, such as high heat and disinfectants it is possible to rid the factory of them. Soon after a factory is infected with troublesome bacteria, colonies will become established in many places; they are hidden in cracks in the floors and walls and any place which remains continually m0 ist will contain large numbers of them. The entire building and all its contents must be scrupulously cleaned and the work must extend to the whey tank and drain leading to it. Every utensil should be thoroughly sterilized by exposure to live steam during at least ten minutes, and everything not so treated should be disinfected. The inside walls of the building and the outsides of the larger apparatus may be disinfected with boiling water or steam, but if this is not practicable a dilute solution of carbolic acid may be used, at the strength of 1 pound to 25 to 50 of This is an excellent disinfect- There is often lameness and soreness Of the teats. The disease runs its course in from six to ten days, during tvhlch time the animal will be unable to eat anything hard. The bowels are usually constipated. The treatment Is to apply an astrin- gen wash. Tannic acid, one-half ounce; borax^powdered, one ounce; glycerine, eight "ounces, and water sufficient to make a quart, has been recommended. A Saturated solution of boracic acid is good. Cresoline—one-half ounce to the quart of water is also good. Make gruels and sloppy feed for diet. In a few cases this disease has been reported as black tongue. This is a mistake, as black tongue is one form of anthrax.—A. W. Bitting, D. V. M., Veterinarian. t * , 4 JvrnTtr'Q ntn fFTjro wtil^i?? Is meat the best egg ration? This IMJlJilO Ul 1 IJtLCJ VVllJlJwJu» question is asked by Mr. C. S. Valentine in the Country Gentleman of July 28. Sklm-IHUIc and Hogg. In . /is conducted by the Utah experiment station, skim-milk was fed extensively to hogs, and the following conclusions were arrived at: (1) Skim-milk, when fed in combination with grain, makes a very valuable food for hogs at all periods of their growth, but particularly so during the earlier periods. (2) Skim-milk and grain in combl- nanon make a much more economic ration for hogs than either milk alono or grain alone. The milk and grain fed lots required 2.58 pounds of digestible matter, the milk feu lots 2.85 pounds and the grain fed lots 3.19 pounds to make one pound of gain in live weight. (3) When fed in combination with grain, skim-milk has 63 per cent greater feeding value than it has when fed alone, 100 pounds of skim-milk taking the place of 23.2 pounds of grain in the former case and 14.2 pounds in the latter. (4) The hogs fed on the milk and grain ration made much more rapid gains than either those fed on milk alone or grain alone. The time required to make 100 pounds of gain was 79 days for the hog fed on milk and grain, 116 days for those fed on grain alone and 147 days when the food was milk alone. • (5) When the skim-milk and grain were fed in the proportion of 3 pounds or less of skim milk to one poiind of grain, the return for the skim-milk was greater thnn ''when a larger proportion was fed. When fed in the proportion of 2 pounds of skim-milk to one pound of grain, 100 pounds of milk took the place of 31 pounds of grain, but when fed in the proportion of 4 pounds of skim-milk to 1 pound of grain, only 24 pounds were displaced. (6) Hogs fed on'milk alone gained very slowly and did not keep in sood health; in some cases they were off their feed so frequently that a change of feed had to be made. The miik and grain fed hogs, however, without exception, kept in good health. ant but should not bo applied to any 'surface which comes in contact with 'llie milk. Sulphate of iron (copperas) .is an efficient disinfectant for drains; they should be flushed .daily with boiling water and have steam passed through them if possible, then,, have lumps of copperas placed in 'them. At the same time or preceding the work of cleansing the factory its sur- rcundings should be improved. Pools should be drained and the holJ'Jws filled with clean earth, ** a t any point the soil is satttrat^ wi t u mi ik or whey the top part - Bhou i d be replaced with fresh. e&^ chi if practicable, and ' c ? P ]v , rasi tinkled about. Treatment this ' i£ i n( j frequently repeated and • acc ' QD> '.panied by the replacement of j^^'ciyed boards in the floor or elsewhere, and the repair of drains, waste pipes, etc., and followed by a good coat of whitewash, will usually remove all trouble. If, however, the conditions are not improved after these operations, it is probable the source of infection is external to the factory, and every effort should be made to quiciU;- locate it. An affection once started readily travels from dairy to dairy, and unless it is promptly stamped out an entire district may suffer great lossas a result. It is found by handling the milk from the different dairies separately, or by the use of a fermentation or curd test, that the trouble belongs to a certain one, that dairy should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. If the water is found to be to blame, a new supply should be obtained, or an arrangement provided to boil, all the water used. Sore MoutU Amoug Cattle- Newspaper bulletin 67, Indiana Experiment Station: A few weeks ago a disease commonly called sore eyes among cattle assumed an epidemic form in many parts of the state. Now several localities are reporting another disease called sore mouth or sore foot and mouth. This disease made its appearance in the state in the fall cf 1891 and in 1892. Since that time very few cases have been seen. It is a disease that attacks cattle of any age and In a few instances attacks horses. It occurs among animals on pasture and is supposed to be due to some condition of the grass,. It is not known to be contagious, but it is a good policy to separate the diseased and affected as a safe precaution. The symptoms are as follows: The animal ceases gating, stands and frequently champs the Jaws, and saliva d.rips from the corners of the inquth. The mu??le has a peciiliar brownish ljuo which extends to the nostrils ana to the inside of tho lips. The Jasldo oj tlie yps, .gums, pads and sides of the tPfigwe become reddish. The tongue swells, sometimes ,ty such an extent as Itteu the njpytb o^eii. There is a about the Mixing tlio ,'Irceds. There has been an upward and a downward process in American breed- Ing of cattle. Half a century ago there \.r.s little pedigreed blood in American cattle. Then came the introduction of tho Durhams, or Shorthorns. The building up process began and continued with vigor for a few decades. Soon tho pure-bred and grade Shorthorns were found in all parts of the laud, and the bect'-producing power of our farms was immensely increased. The introduction of the Durhams and their success led to the introduction of the other established breeds, and the work of grading up was continued. But the result has not been altogether what was desired, for tho farmers, instead of breeding along pure lines, began to cross breed to an alarming extent. This was bad enough when it included only beef breeds, but when beef animals were crossed with dairy animals the results could be nothing but regrettable from the .standpoint of the scientific breeder. To further complicate matters these > mongrels were bred hit or miss to any animal as convenience dictated. We may call this a downward movement in breeding, for the general mix-up has resulted in a numerous class of animals that will not bring good prices at the stockyards and that will not give a good account of themselves at the milk pall. The sooner this kind of breeding is stopped the better for American cattle raisers. Storing; Silage, I have never seen a silo built so perfectly that some of the ensilage would not spoil, writes L. A. Clinton in Rural New Yorker. It is very dilficult to prevent the air from getting to the surface of the ensilage, no matter how well it is packed and covered. It must bo expected that some will spoil on top, as that is nature's way of sealing the contents of the silo underneath. This covering of moldy ensilage on the top should not be removed until the ensilage is to be fed regularly to stock. When feeding commences a layer must be removed from the entire surface each day. If this layer removed is not move lhan two inches deep, it will be sufficient to keep the surface 'from spoiling. If the amount of stock '"a be fed is not sufficient to use this a;nount each day. then with a sharp hay knife a section should be cut down through the middle. The vertical wall of ensilage which is left exposed will not spoil to any extent. There is no possibility of Bucking the ensilage too tightly; unless there is need of hurrying the operation of filling the gilo, tho ensilage can be left to pettle, and it will itself sufficiently, One or two men should be kept in the silo to distribute the ears of corn as they fall, and occasionally to pack around the silo walls. Kindness to Cows.—Genth treatment is conducive to good milking pqwer; vpUSU treatment will only maKe the animal bPld up, net milk and yefuse to Jet it down, thu.« lessening apt. the quantity, b"t also (he - fa,t iR tbe sfl,m,e. He cites the opinion of one of the most practical poultry writers and editors (who averred that meat feeding produced more trouble and disease among his fowls than any other practice) and says that his own experience coincides with that of the editor. He says: "It is not a question whether or not meat brings egg; one can run up the egg record at will by the use or disuse of meat. The question is, is the gain great enough to pay a profit after deducting the loss caused by over stimulation?" By "meat" Mr. Valentine wished to be understood to mean meat meal or dried scraps. In the first place, I think he makes a mistake in confining himself to meat meal and dried scraps. If meat is to be fed at all, it is of the utmost Importance that it should be fresh and untainted. Everybody knows that diseased or tainted meat is dangerous as a diet, almost invariably producing disorder and disease among the flock. I find that the cheapest form of meat for my fowls is green cut bone. I can always obtain a plentiful supply from my butcher, and at a very low cost, seldom over one-half cent per pound. With my bone cutter I can quickly prepare it. I always examine the bone (which by the way has more or less meat attached to it) very carefully, and reject any that is in the least tainted. After years of experience, I have yet to find the first case of disorder caused by its use. Nor do I consider it in any sense a stimulating food, as asserted by Mr. V. I may be wrong; if so, I am willing to be shown my error. I base my opinion on the fact that allowed free range, bugs, beetles and worms (all meat foods) form a considerable part of the diet of a fowl, on which it always thrives. I agree that green cut bone is almost identical, in its various elements, with bugs and worms; that they both contain the flesh, blood and bone existing in all organic life; and that one is no more Injurious than the other. But I cannot admit for a moment that scraps and meat meal occupy the same class, and it is right here, I believe, that Mr. V. failed. I believe the scraps were responsible for the disorders mentioned, and not his system of feeding. What are scraps, and &ow obtained'? The majority of scraps are the products of soap factories or rendering establishments. At such places- immense quantities of bone, meat, dead! animals and offal are gathered together and deposited in a p>ile, until a- sufficient quantity is obtained to flfll an immense vat. If the weather is Ivot, this reeking mass is often in all stages of decomposition, but as the extraction of fats is the chief object of toe ren- dereir, it does not fejure their value. Once in the vat, the steam is turned on, and they are kept there until! the grease is entirely extracted. The grease is skiiaamed off the' top, the water drawn off at the bottom. The bones are separated and saved for fertiliser, and the residue, composed of shrunken, muscles, skin and various fibers, is pressed' into cakes called "scrapa-." Now, I ask. is this a fifi food for fowlfr? Cooking diseased meat will not malte it fresh. A man wouldlnot knowingly buy a sick chicken or ai steak cut from a fever-stricken cow, and! offer it (after being cooked) to his family. He would fear disease and sickness, and rightlyv too. But this is just what those who feed scraps to their fowls «Jo. I want to say, also, that even if the scraps ware perfectly, a-ee from disease, they would not ba in the same-class with, green cut bone, bugs and. worms—the one rich with life-giving. nutrientSy salts, phosphates, lime and nitrogenous matter, the other a fibrous mass with all the uutrisnts extracted; one containing every element found in egg, white, yelk and shell, in rich abundance, the other a limited amount of lime and other nutrients in very scant quantities. If green cut bone is substituted for scraps and fed judiciously, no breeder need fear over- stimulation or any disorder of disease resulting.—John I. Draper in Country Gentleman. A (iuod I''oo(l for Chicks, We have had splendid success on tli^ editor's poultry farm this spring feeding a new chick food in the form of, what might be called Johnny cake, says Reliable Poultry Journal. The man in charge of the young chicks, takes cracked corn as it comes from the commission man, sifts it thraugh a sieve made of ordinary wire screen, such as is used for windows and doors, and uses the coarse and fine corn meal that passes through tills sieve, mixing it into a stiff dough with sour milk, enough baking soda being added to counteract the sour milk, ami the whole mass being salted to taste and then baked as brown as Jolinuy cake in an ordinary oven. The chicks are very" partial to it, and have done better on it than during any previous year, despite the fact that the weather with us has been changeable, with an unusual amount of rain accompanied by chilly winds. We have little or no bowel complaint among the chicks, and from the first they have been plump, active and good eaters. Last year and the year before we fed quite a good deal of oat meal and millet seed, but our chicks did not do as well as they are <!o*ng this year. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO DEVOTEES OF THE BICYCLE, Selling Butler to Customers.—It is a good thing for butter makers to market their product at retail to private customers. They get better prices for it and the customer is generally better pleased. If butter is sold pn (jom-njis- sion, it is liable to be spoiled through bad handling. This is especially true where the sale is rattle through .groceries. There are vast uu«h,erV of abominable smells in most gvocaries lu hot weather. Tbese wiji spoU a t»b of butter, in a few hours, so Ihattio aftercare cap »avf it.—S*. . The Coaster Brake One of the Mont Useful Patents of the Season—A New Idea In Saddles—Wano of the Bidycle Press—Calculating Speed. ATENT has been issued for the well- known coaster and brake device used on certain bicycles and its mechanical arrange ment is shown in the accompanying illustrations. It is also GEORCfA.BANKER. patented in Great Britain. Upon the arm of the rear fork is secured a split band provided with opposing lugs and secured tightly by bolts, and from opposite ends of this band project lugs which constitute the fulcrum-supports for the tipper ends of a pair of levers, and arranged one on either side of the arm and connected at their lower ends by a crossbar, upon which is pivotally secured the brake-spoon by means of perforated ears, projecting from the brake, through which the cross-bar passes. The brake is connected by a spiral spring with the frame, the forward end of said spring being secured to a screw projecting from tho frame, while its rear-end is attached to the cross-bar. The lever is provided with a forwardly-projectiug arm, arranged at an angle to the lover and provided with an elongated slot. This arm is connected by means of a headed bolt and nut, with the adjacent end of an arm projecting from the clutch mechanism on the crank-axle, A disk is rigidly secured upon the hub of the crank-arm and on either sfde of. this disk is aecured a ring by any suitable means, these rings being concentrically arranged on tho hub with relation to tile disk and being of greater diameter, so as to form an aainnlar seat around the periphery of Use' disk for the cluten-rins. The disk fe re- csssed, at diametric-ally opposite points to form seats for transversely arranged rollers. The recesses are deeper at one end tlra'tt at the otlfer, so tttat whvsn the rollers are at the deeper emlk of the recesses the crank-arm may freely revolve without forcing the roll- em Sato contact with tha ring. A rof- verse movement of tlie crank-arm;. However, will move the rollers into the shallower ends of the recesses and cause tnem to bind tightly against the inner face of the ring;,, thro moving the latter, and througln the' connection with Ulte slotted arnn of tlM- lever operating the brake. To facilitate the frea movement of tile rollers within their seats, one wall' of eiwh of the receaaes is longitudinally recessed to form a seat for a spiral' spring, against the outer end of which the-roller bears. The near sprocket-whuel of the machine- ia provided with' 1 a.' crutch me- hanumi similar to that on 1 tfre crankshaft, thereby adapting tho re-ar wheel to be- disengaged from- the- driving- chain for coasting purposes;. Normally the sjioou-brake hangH out of contact with the rear wheel. A slight stoppage of tlie pedals allows ; the driving wheels; to revolve freelyas lorrg as the pedals are- revolving iiv a forward rti- rection';- but the instant' tlie movement of the orauk-shaft is reversed'the rollers mcvve to the shallow em& of the slots : in the disk, thus binding tho lutcli-iting tightly to tho disk and causing- said ring to turn' with the lisk.. This depresses the arm on the. ring,, and through tlie connection of saidi anao with the arm; projecting from SHOW! KG THE: WORKS, the brake-lever the Itrake is forced 1 against the periphery of the rear wheel. Oar Tradesmen Abroad. Many of our exporters are incUaecl to take exception to the statement that the only American firms that have made a financial success of English export business are those which have handled trade through their own men, or through some one who is thoroughly conversant with every detail of the particular branch of the cycle trade to which the goods belong. It has grown to be an axiom in our own trade circles that the jobber who has the greatest variety of goods beforehand alao has the'best chance for introducing an additional article. This rule is applied to the foreign trade where different conditions obtain and gives rise to grievous mistakes. The English bicycle agent even though he be engaged in some other trade as well, has not thp same desire to deal with a single wholesale firm that is noticed in this country. In case of doubt he prefers the jobber wlio carries a single Utto. He has confidence in the specialist and distrusts the bazaar man. If be is a cycle ana hardware dealer It Is belqw his dignity to pur- ohaise cycles and hardware from a Crocker^ cu- clothing or groceries. There ara tin doubtedly exceptions to this rule, but the general disposition of the retailer needs nevertheless to be realized by our exporters If they desire to place their wholesale agencies With due re* gard for facts arid profits. Rule for Determining Speed. The following simple method for determining the rate of speed at which a bicycle is being propelled is given. It enables the rider, after he has found the number of seconds for his own machine, to ever afterward determine his rate of speed without any further calculations. Rule.—Multiply the gear by 10 and divide by 5G. Call the result seconds?. The number of complete revolutions made by either pedal in that number of seconds shows the rate of miles per hour. Example.—If your gear is 84, then 84 multiplied by 10, divided by 66, equals 15; and if either pedal makes 20 revolutions in 15 seconds, you are riding at the rate of 20 miles to the hour. If the gear is 67.2, then 67.2 multiplied by 10, divided by 56, equals 12, and 20 revolutions made in 12 seconds equals 20 miles to the hour. • A New Saddle. The object of the invention is to construct a light and durable bicycle saddle that will automatically adjust Itself to the body of the rider and that will be adapted for use in connection with a saddle post without the necessity or an intermediate spring, the saddle of itself possessing the necessary resiliency. The body of tho saddle is made from a single piece of spring material in the form of a strip of wire bent upon itself to the required shape of the saddle, fprni'ing a number of coils one within .another, each coil having more or leas of an Independent action, the entire body being a distorted helical spring. After tho strip of wire has been bent upon itself to gfve the required shape to the saddle ita inner terminal is doubled upon itself and extended in opposite directions longitudinally of the sad'dle to SHOWING THE PARTS, underlie and reinforce the inner turns coils of th« frame and form an at- Cachmg shank, and tQa outer end of Wte atrip or wire is beveled and secured to the outce coil at tlie pommel of t'ii<B saddle. Normally each inner coil of. the saddle frame is below the plane off the next outer roll, imparting a concaved form 'So the frame, and the entire body is provided! with a flex- lVj- covering of leather osr other suitable material with an opening in the central portion thereof. The saddle may be attached to the saddle post in any 'suitable manner. Wune of IXlojdo Til* late Charles A Dana of tho New York Sun once stated in defense of Hiij. paper when it, was- charged with undue ponderosity,, that aa editor had the choice betweeni two* methods of attaining success: ho might aim to please the fools and! maka them more foolish, or he might, aim to be useful andl entertaining to that minority who are Ikaoklng for trvso- information. He saicli that the first method was undoubtedly a wellrpaytog. one, but he preferred to please himself and a limited! elass of readers- by following the- second one. Possessing the ability required for his choice of methods, ho succeeded, where others failed. In traife paper work tliere is no choica. Bv.aiy reader of a tradto paper, after the- first bloom o£' a new trade has worn off, looks for- having the work in his vocation eased by perusal of the pacer and does itwt in the long run wish to be tickled at his own expamse. T-fie exceptions are those who by reason of their "density", must fall by Oie wayside* and leave tho trade sooner or later. This aeuounis for the dwindling clientele of cycle trade journals, which are operated on the "jolly-them- aU-by-turns" plan. Commission Houses in There is a xaovement on foot to iur corporate, under the laws of Germany, a company which will be prepared to erect suitable buildings for the display and sale of American products, providing manufacturers and dealers in America show a disposition to aid and encourage such an enterprise, writes the United States consul at Cologne. This company will construct buildings as desired by special interests, at an agreed rental, and will also be prepared to contract with the owners of merchandise to handle and sell their gooda upon commission, and guarantee the payment of all bills of goods sold by them or their agents. "Going Down HH1." Pete Bagan, formerly the Scranton left fielder, who attracted an unusual amount of attention during 1897 and with Howard Earl's Utica warriors this season, has been secured . by Joyce of New York. Eagan certainly has deteriorated in all departments of the game since 1897, and it is gen- orally a surprise that New York should consider him National League calibre. The Syracuse Standard refers to him as "poor, ojd, worn out Pete EJagan," while during the past season he has been the subject of comment among Eastern Leaguo players hare gftaerally recognized that h. e "fOing Soldiers the Wai- Bring the germ* of malaria, fevers and other diseases, which may prove cbntaglort* in their own families. Hood's Sarsapariiw is a special boon to soldiers, because H eradicates all disease germs, builds up ths debilitated system and brings back health Every returned soldier and every friend and relative of soldiers should take Hood's Sarsaparilla America's Greatest Medicine. $1; six for $5. Hood's Pills cure sick headache. 25 cents! j- - / •-- •-- -'• ------ "-'"- ------- -•• • l »*^*m*m*um*****^ l *i mim ^. WHY? Why isn't an astronomer a watchman? Why isn't a man who is flighty a balloonatic? Why don't banks employ gossips as receiving tellers? Why isn't a blessing in disguise always out of sight? Why isn't it whipped cream when the cat gets through licking it? Why isn't the doctor who is always taking somebody off a funny fellow? Why does the baby that talks so plainly to its mother always decline to be interviewed by strangers?—Chicago News. In Hungary there arc 1 housands of villages ii ml hundreds of small without ti doctor within ten miles. Fora complete list of prisses, useful and ornamental, given froo to purchase's of "Diamond C" soup, write to the Cudahy Packing Co.,South Omaha,Nek A Boston lawyer noted for tcrsq words sent the following note to it client tardy in his fees: "Sir: If you pay this bill you will oblige me; if "not I shall oblige you." )TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAT Tako Lnxatlvo Broino Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund the money 1[ 5t fulls to cure, "oe. The genuine has lj. II. Q. on ouch tablet. "What to I)o With It. "They say the chair manufacturers have formed a trust.'' "Well, we can't sit down on that any too quick." Do Yon Want to TAvo In a fine, mild and healthy climate, where cyclones and blizzards are mi-, known, where good,, rich, lauds can bo bought at low prices, near cheap transportation and with educational and 1 industrial advantages? Homeseckers' 1 excursions to Virginia via the "Big Four Route" and the Chesapeake and: Ohio Railway. Write for descriptive- book ,oJ Virginia, list of farms for sale-, excursion rates, dates, time-cards, etc. 3. C. Tucker, G. N. A., 234 Clark street, Chicago. 111. Torpedoes are said to have been invented by an American in 1777. Thera is only one genuine Diamond "C" Soap. See that the- name is on the wrapper. Nine-tenths oi' the finest tea raised 1 in'China is sold and consumed in Russia. Most of the next best grade finds a market in Great Britain. FITS 'PbasKUJontlyCnrcm. Wo fits ornervonsnoss nftei Srst, day'B use of Dr. Klino's Groat Ncrvo Restorer. 8ond for STRIDE S3.OO trial bottle and trenti«a.' On. E. lL.iO.iNE, Ltd..331 Ai-cU 5fc..Pl>iiauulpliia. Pa. Some wonderful stalactite caves imve recently been discovered eig-ht miles from Krugersilorp,' in the Xnatisvatil. TOLD BY FIGURES. Sam Francisco has 20-000 children ot school age who attend no place oj learning. As early as the yoaar 47 B. C. the great Alexandrian library in -Egypt contained over 40,000> valuable books. The people of Par.ia eat over 20,000 horses and donkeys a year; last year's list cama to 23.39G horses, 439 donkeys and. 86 mules. The different flesh sellij for from 3 to 20 cents per pound. A single stone 115. feet long, 10 feet square at one end: and 4 feet square at the other, has been successfully cut from the sandstone q.uarries at Houghton Point, Wis. It is supposed to be, th& longest monolith ever quarried. Go to your grocer to-day and get. a 150. package of : It takes the place of cof- ; fee at £ the cost. Made from pure grains it is nourishing and healthful.

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