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THE BBS MOESE8: ALGOfrA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1888. "fawn* to Subscriber*. e... One copy, rt* months.. .......... ......... Jg One copy, three months............ ....... *« Sent % an* addtess at abort rates. Remit by draft, money order, or express or- BM»rt aarertlslng sent on application. fttB BEPUBMCAN NOMINATIONS. STATE TICKET. State. . . ...... OEOBGK I». DOBSOH . ........ JOHN HERRIOTT ..... FBAHK F. MBRRiAM .Mit/roN RBMIBT ^.^.^^^'.^DA^J.Pi^EB Jndge of the Snpreme Court COSORESSIOKAI, TICKET. _ Coogressman, Tenth Dist ..... J. P. DOUJVER JtJDICIAIi TICKET. Jndge of the Fourteenth^ Wrtc* .. . -— Judge,' to mi vacancy ...... FRASK H. Auditor regttiar freight set vice or tipon a regu-nod more thtta some. lar and Mil conducted bankingaervice, Jto ftjj* J-JJ, The public In fact has a greater interest in the orderly conduct of coal mining than It has in the orderly conduct of banking, and yet it has hedged in banks with public inspectors and all sorts of regulations, while it has sat helplessly by several times lately while th« entire output of coal was threatened in a wide spread general strike. Strikes on one side and lockouts on the other are merely modern forms of mob violence. They illustrate the incapacity of the public to apply old principles to modern conditions. They will end as soon as the public recognizes its own paramount interest in all public services, and as soon as it deals with both parties, as it has with master and servant from the beginning of the common law. The public should lose no time in providing for the immediate and peaceable adjustment of all differences as to wages between miners and and mineowners by a competent public tribunal whose decisions shall be final. Not only do CorrHpt bnt thousands of good ones because of lack of time and opportunity." There is altogether too much credence given to the false and cynical notion that money corruptly influences law making. Conw Attorey Snpenrisor C. Phil. C. Hanna sends a word of ad vice: I am convinced that young men seeking work or positions of any kind should not come to Porto Rico. Such persons as clerks, carpenters, mechanics, and laborers of all grades should stay away from Porto Rico. No American should come to Porto Rico expecting to strike it rich, and no person should come here without plenty of money to pay board bills and have enough to take them hack to their homes in the United States. This is a small island, has a population of about 1,000,000 people, and is the most densely populated country In the world. There are several hundred thousand working Porto Rlcans ready to fill the vacant jobs and at a low price. ^ _______^___ IN THIS JNEIQHBOBHOOD. Clarion will pay $2,000 damages. A woman fell on a defective sidewalk. The County Ticket. The republican county convention was so satisfactorily conducted and the republican nominees for county office were so unanimously endorsed that little has been said about them during the campaign. A better ticket was never placed before the voters, nor one more fairly distributed, and every republican should go to the polls to give his personal endorsement. M. P. Weaver of Algona for auditor is known to everybody and his work in the office is known to everybody to his great credit. He was born in Algona and has as many friends as he has acquaintances. C. P. Lathrop of Whittemore for recorder has become known to nearly everybody during the campaign, and has been found to be a man of pleasing address, fitted both by nature and experience for tbe work. He has lived in Whittemore seven years and has always been connected more or less closely with book keeping. He will keep up tbe splendid record in the recorder's office. J. B. Carr of Bancroft for clerk is an old settler of Seneca, one of the best known and most popular men in the north end. As school teacher in his youth he acquired the necessary training to perform the technical duties of the office, and as farmer and business man he has gained the experience in affairs that will make him an exceptionally good official. Chas. A. Cohenour for county attorney has no opposition. He is not only one of the best of the younger lawyers of the county, but one of the best liked. He will be an able and reliable advisor for the county. C. S. Pendleton of Hebron for supervisor is a successful farmer, who has had a thorough business training. He has made a big success of his own business and is a safe man to trust with the county business. This ticket should have the vote of every republican in Kossuth both as an endorsement of the men, and of the fair means by which the men were nominated. Tbe Public Is At Fault. The Vinton Eagle says: "The Algona UPPER DBS MOINES classes coal mining as a public service. If that is the case then every industry is a public service. We hardly believe coal mining can be placed in the catalogue of granted franchises. In electric light and water plants and street railways a franchise is a contract between tbe people and the corporation but we fail to see the analogy as to a coal mining corporation." Every industry is to a greater or less extent a public service, and is so recognized by law. A land owner holds his land subject to public needs or comfort. No business can be conducted except under such regulations as the public wellfare suggests. If Algona wants a block of ground for a school house site it is taken from the private owners, regardless of their wishes. If a circus desires to come to Algona it can only do so.by complying with such regulations as Algona se^s fit to adopt. If the smoke from a factory spoils somebody's rain water, the factory is abated as a nuisance. If the people decide that beer is injurious, hundreds of thousands of dollars of breweries are closed by the sheriff. If open land is convenient for pasturage tbe supreme court changes the .English common law and allows cattle to run at large on anybody's uncultivated field. There is no such thing as holding property of any kind or oonducting a business of any kind excepting as by a concensus of public opinion such holding and such business are on the whole to the general public interest. But mining is especially a public service. Without looking up the statutes THE UPPEK DES MOINES is safe in stating that mining rights of all kinds are special grants subject to special regulations. While possibly a mining grant is not BO specifically a contract as a street, oar franchise is, it is more specifically a contract with tbe public than the conduct of the average private bueinegs is. Coalmining is .especially a public service in Us very nature, Tbe P ub ,l,l° hftS COWS |0 rely vptolftd regular oi^ P»t Bad Year for " Compliments." Every republican voter should remember that last year Gov. Shaw got only 216 majority in Kossuth. This may be the actual republican majority in the county, nobody knows. The new settlement makes it impossible for anybody to know whether the republicans have 100 or 1,000 to go on. Our friends, the enemy, are assuring republicans that the republican majority is so big they cannot hope to overcome it, and that they would appreciate a few complimentary votes here and there, mere- y as a matter of personal friendship. If the republican majority is what they hope it is, this complimentary vote will land their ticket nextTuesday in office. It is a shrewd campaign method but we don't believe it will catch anybody. This is a good year'to compliment our political friends, and see where we actually do stand. Take no chances on throwing away votes, for the republican ticket may need every vote. The Railway Tax. The almost unanimous petitions that were presented to the city council Saturday evening make it unnecessary to urge a vote in favor of securing the Iowa Central railway. Algona appreciates the opportunity that is open, and is not going to let it slip. The vote will be as unanimous as the petitions. The city council has wisely divided the payment of the tax, making only half of it payable in one year, and the first payment will not be due until 1900, half a year after the road is in operation. There ought not to be a dissenting vote on this proposal, for it means more to Algona than any that has been made since the Northwestern reached us. Emmetsburg voted for electric lights, 281 to 11. The plant is to be in in three months. V. A. Hunt brought 60 fine heifers from Minnesota to Livermore last week and sold them at auction. A ranch of 960 acres three miles from Spencer sold last week for $30,000. Dr. Green bought it. The doctors are all right. Will Norton, Mrs. A. L. Peterson's brother, won a hotly contested game of crokinole at Livermore one evening last week. A big oyster supper was up. The Britt Tribune says the same scheme of forgery tried on Wm. Landman in Kossuth was worked on John Standring in Hancock a few years ago. Britt News: Dr. Day, a Methodist pastor of Algona, preached on the theme of " How Christians Kill Christianity" last Sunday. That ought to be a subj'ect worth listening to. The celebrated law suit arising at Clear Lake out of a trade in which W. P. Carter's father was charged with putting a worthless piece of Dakota land onto an unsuspecting sucker, is on at Mason City. Garner Signal: M. E. Schleicher has returned to Garner for the practice of his profession. He will have his law office with Chas. Bailey in the Katter block and giye prompt attention to business in his' line. We extend best wishes for his success. An electric railway from Arnold's park to the Hotel Orleans seems to be in a fair way of being built. The promoters ask a five per cent, tax, one- fifth due when the road is running and one-fifth each year thereafter providing the rond is in actual operation for 90 days during that year. That isabig proposition for Spirit Lake. was recently taken on the matter of returning to the old caucus system, ana the proposition was lost by a large majority. The primary system removes most of the meat from the nuts in local politics, but it is the fairest way. John F. Lacey, in his speech at Eldona: I can say to you that I am not committed to the support of It (the so- called McCleary bill) and there has been practically no consideration given it by any congressman outside of the three men who drew it. It has not been considered in caucuses and not Indorsed in any platform, and Chairman Walker Is actively opposing it. Its details have not been examined by republican congressmen and Gen. Weaver is the first man to make the discovery that this particular bill of the 13,000 pending in congress is a republican party measure. He knows better. C. T. Hancock, state republican chairman, says: We haye no fears o the result of the election, providing the republican vote can be gotten out The democrats are using their best en deavors to capture a couple of our con gressioniil districts. We have no fear of their success, as our people are allv to their schemes, and nothing can pre vent the return of a solid republica congressional delegation except theun precedented failure of the republican ould be entitled to one representative ith ft ratio of anything less than 30,if the ratio be fixed at 30,059so as > place Buena Vista and Ida in one istrict, then only those counties which have 49,089 would be entitled to two epresentatives, to-wit: Dubuque,Linn, Polk, Pottawattamie, Scott and Woodbury, which number, 30,059, if adopted as a ratio would cause another complication in other parts of the state. The population bf Louisa county is only 12,less than half of the ratio (30.059) which would place Buena Vista and Ida n one district. Now with that number as a ratio Louisa county would not be entitled to a representative and must be attached to- some other adjoining county. The smallest county adjoining her is Henry, its population 18,278, and Henry county would be entitled to a representative if the ratio was anything less than 36,555, which, If adopted, would deprive Clinton, Des Moines. Lee, Ltnn, Pottawattamie, Scott and Woodbury of their second representative, and thus we would not have the requisite 100 members. What we have said in regard to Louisa county applies to Audubon which is similarly situated. The committee on representative districts in the Twenty-sixth general assembly spent much time In trying to district the state under thepresentcon- stitution, and finding it impossible to HAS IMPORTANT BEARING, THE ELEOTIOH OH TUESDAY M » M M « » * LAFE YOUNG FOR FRIDAY NIGHT. A telegram this morning notifies the chairman of the republican county committee that Lafe Young will speak in Algona Friday night, Nov. 4- The meeting will be held in the court house. Mr. Young is well known as one of the best speakers in the west, and has never made a political speech in Algona. All who enjoy a good speech and want to hear the issues discussed should come early and be sure of a • seat. NEWS NOTES. held in these two districts to go to the polls and vote. We can find no one who voted for McKinley in 1896 who proposes to vote the democratic ticket this year, while there are many A "" ufD democrats Remember the Amendment. Republicans and democrats should unite in a solid vote for the amendment giving each county a member of the legislature. It is a meritorious proposition, and should be supported on that account. But it is deserving of special endorsement in view of the character of the opposition to it. In the southeastern part of the state it is being opposed because it will increase the representation of the northwest counties. That challenge ought to make it unanimous up here. _^___ - __^_ — NEWS AND OOMMENT. The Emmetsburg Reporter is correct: Waterworks, electric lights and such improvements are well enough in their place, but they are solely for the convenience of the people of the town, and will not directly bring any business to a town, A railroad does do this, and the more lines of road a town has the more business that town or city does. The Courier's fight on Judge Quarton has been so unfair that it has reacted in Kossuth. There is no evidence that it has hurt him in any other county. It will be a long time before any paper hereabouts will attempt another such a personal campaign. Some of the papers predict that Congressman Dolliver's majority will be bigger than it was two years ago. Senator Parley Finch of Humboldt makes a strong statement of the reasons for voting for the constitutional amendment giving each county a representative in the legislature. He shows that under the ex isting plan a fair representation is impossible, and always will be. He was a member of the committee having this matter to deal with, and he says the plan proposed is the fairest that is possible. Don't fail to vote. The republican majority for Gov. Shaw in Kossuth last year was only 216. This is a good year for republicans to vote the straight ticket and see what the republican majority in the county really is. The Marshaljtown Times-Republican devotes a lengthy editorla},to Congressman Dollivev's speech, which . ty, discusses in a very serious way. Congressman Dolliver has impressed himself upon the state IB this campaign as never before. S, M. Ola.rk after fpur years in congress says something about legislation that every man and every boy ought to know and keep in mmd; "The objection to the p'ae&ing of laws is cot that bad laws are pawed corruptly, It la seldom a bad law is passed- I never knew any law passed by Congress )g as sensitive as to The state fair next year will be Aug. 25-Sept. 5. Eagle Grove has a daily, the Times- Gazette. It will quit unless better patronized. The apple crop this year is 27,700,000 bushels as against 40,000,000 last year and 70,000,000 bushels in 1896. The little motor that runs from Ames to the agricultural college recently knocked a little boy over in the street. A judgment of $7,000 has just been affirmed. Col. Clarke in his speech last Monday night sal^-tariff reform was dead and would never be heard of again. That protection would be the settled policy of this government. The Milwaukee railway has bought the Mason City & Fort Dodge line and will now build southwest to get a short line to Omaha. Of course that Northwestern line between Denison and Algona will be built. The fine 400 acre farm of the late C. C. Carpenter has been sold by the Carpenter estate to Messrs. J. P. and V. B. Dolliver. The consideration was $50 ah acre. The transaction was approved by the court this week. In Wright county the supervisors levied a ditch tax for a big drainage ditch that was to pass through Clarion. Judge Hindman held that supervisors had no authority to construct a ditch part of which was in an incorporated town. The supreme, court reverses him and holds the ditch legal. Heretofore a postmaster was prohibited from writing a money order on his own office, The department has recently changed this and made a ruling to the effect that money orders may be drawn upon the office where issued. The object is to make this a kind of a postal savings bank, where funds may be temporarily deposited, where there are no banks, To pay bills of tradesmen and as a matter of convenience to persons who have no bunk account. It facilitates matters between farmers who get their mall at the same office in the payment of obligations, etc. It is a very good ruling and contains many good points to recommend it. This change in the practice of the service has been introduced in order to widen the scope of the money order system, and is in keeping with the policy of the department to make it a more popular and useful adjunct of the postal service. It is believed that this modification of the regulations will receive the favor of the public. POLITIOAL NOTES. The Whelan amendment will be on the official ballot. It gives every county in the state a member of the legislature. It is a good, wise, and fair measure. J. L. Kamrar tells them in Des Moines that " the Tenth district can be relied upon to return Dolliver by an Increased majority. The patriotism of the people is responsible for it." Tbe Courier is mad because a lot of republican papers are running political plate matter. Perhaps this is because the leading plate has Archbishop Ireland's eloquent endorsement of McKinley in big type. , Ames Times: Hancock county has for some time past had a primary system ol nominating county pfflers sim- in Slory county. A vote VCClI * »* n**v u«jw«- »* «~- •— v f ( who have publically stated their intention to vote both the republican state and congressional tickets. p. W. Bicknell: One of the most important questions to be decided at this fall's election is of a non-partisan character. That is the constitutional amendment proposing to change the basis of representation in the lower- house of the legislature, BO that each county shall have a member. Every county having three-fifths in excess of the ratio is to have one additional member, and no more. This would make the next house consist of 110 members. The smaller counties are very much interested in the adoption of this amendment, because it would \Jt ULA 1O t*i*av* i«u «-"•-••• «! strengthen them in the legislature and would do away with the contests, often very bitter, as to which county shall have the member where two or more counties are in the district. Little has been said about this question in the newspapers since last spring, when the legislature voted to submit the amendment to the people. The previous legislature had done so, and so it is to be submitted this fall. THE AMENDMENT. to Some Light on the Proposition Amend the Constitution. It will profit all readers of THE UPPER DES MOINES, who wish to know what the constitutional amendment .they are to vote upon next Tuesday really means, and what benefits will result from its adoption, to read the following statement made by Senator Parley Finch in the Humboldt Independent. Mr. Finch says: The state constitution, article 3, section 35, (code page 90) provides: "The senate shall consist of not more than 50 members, nor the house of representatives of more than 100, and they shall be apportioned among the several counties and representative districts of the state according to the number of inhabitants in each upon a ratio to be fixed by law; but no representative district shall contain more than four organized counties and each district shall be entitled to at least one representative. Every county and district which shall have a number of inhabitants equal to one-half of the ratio fixed by law shall be entitle^ to one representative; and any county containing an addition to the ratio fixed by law, one-half that number or move, shall be entitled to one additional representative. No floating districts shall hereafter be formed." Under this provision it is impossible to district the state, in this, that some small county not haying the requisite 50 per cent, of the ratio adjoins only such counties as have more than said 50 per cent., and thus having more are entitled to a representative alone. For instance Ida county has a population of 11,425. If the ratio is anything less than 22,850 it would give Ida county a representative; 22,850 plus 50 per cent, thereof equals 34,275, then any county having said last number of inhabitants would be entitled to two representatives. This would give Clinton, Des Moines, Dubuque, Lee, Linn, Polk, Pottawattamie, Scott and Woodbury two each—18 representatives. It would also give one to each of the other counties in the state (84) except Dickinson, Emmet, Osceola, Hancock, Worth, and Wlnnebago. Eighteen»plus 84 equals 102, and to the last six named counties not less than two, total 104, being four mpre than the constitutional limit. If we increase the ratio above 22,850, Ida county would not be entitled to one. The smallest county adjoining her is JJuena Vista, its population 15,039, which under |be present constitution do so recommended the proposed amendment relating to representative districts substantially as follows: "The house of representatives shall consist of not more than 115 members, the ratio of representation shall be determined by dividing the whole number of the population of the state, as shown by the last preceding state or national census, by the whole number of counties then existing or organized, and each county shall constitute a representative district and be entitled to one representative. But each county having a population in excess of the ratio number found as herein prescribed, of three- fifths or more of such ratio number, shall be entitled to one additional representative." This amendment passed the Twenty- sixth and Twenty-seventh general assemblies with but little opposition. This would give the counties of Clinton, Des Moines, Dubuque, Lee, Linn, Polk, Pottawattamie, Scott, Woodbury and Wapello (10 counties) each two representatives and one to each of the other 89, total 109 members, a small increase which will not in all probability ever be more than 110 or 111, for as the population of the state increases the ratio will increase proportionately. Under the laws of most of the New England states, the township is the unit, and generally has a member in the legislature. Under our law the county is the unit and is required to erect and maintain a court house, keep county records, pay county officers, maintain courts, pay the expense of keeping and prosecuting criminals, support the poor, pay its share to support the state government, build and maintain bridges, and, in fact, bear all the burdens imposed by law upon the larger counties, and as a matter of right and justice they should be entitled to at least one member in one branch of the legislature to attend to the interests of that county, and have a voice in making the laws which they are bound to obey. Having no member in the legislature at the time they were organized, great injustice was done by giving some counties 28 congressional townships while others adjoining have only 12. Also if a public institution is to be located a county having no member would receive but little consideration although its natural advantages were ever so great. Our federal constitution after giving each state equal representation in the United States senate, provides that the lower house of congress shall be represented in proportion to the population of each state but that each state shall have at least one. As a matter of right and justice we think the proposed amendment should be adopted. It is said by the opponents of the amendment that the number of members will be increased fifteen and the expense of each session of the legislature $15,000, which is false in this that the number will be increased only nine under the present census and in all probability not more than ten or eleven, because as the state increases in population the ratios will proportionately increase. The compensation of each member is '"". railroad fare average about $10 each, which increased expense will be $5,040 instead of $15,000 alleged by said opponents. Cuts Considerable Figure In Nation* al Affairs—Gains In the West— Political Notes. Next Tuesday's election will have ft more important bearing on national affairs than is generally realized. Rep. resentatives in congress are to be chosen in all the states except Maine, Vermont and Oregon, where they have been elected; legislatures will be elect* ed In part or In whole in 34 states, while governors will be chosen in 18. states. Some of the legislatures elected this fall will choose United States senators, and in some states portions of the legislature of this year will hold over two years and vote in the election of another batch of United States sen-^ ators. Republicans Will Have the Senate. The terms of 30 United States senators expire on March 3. The successors of four have been named. In Maryland Judge McComas succeeds Arthur P. Gorman. In Ohio M. A. Hanna succeeds himself. In Mississippi H. D. S. Money succeeds himself, and in Vermont Senator Proctor hag been re-elected. Maine's legislature will return Eugene Hale. In the other states the seats in the senate will depend upon the outcome of the elections on Nov. 8. These states are Rhode Island, Nebraska, Tennessee, Michigan, Utah, Wyoming, Missouri, Virginia, Minnesota, West Virginia, Delaware, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Montana, Texas, Wisconsin, New York, Florida, Pennsylvania, North Dakota, New Jersey, Nevada, Indiana, California and Washington. Out of these states the republicans are practically sure of winning as many seats as will be necessary, with the one gained in Oregon recently, to give them absolute control of the senate. The prospect is altogether in their favor with the holdover republicans in the legislature at issue and the general outlook for the legislative elections. Town Congressional Delegation. The fusionists are claiming that Gen. Weaver will be elected in the Sixth district, and Judge Ney in the Second, while G. L. Finn is counted on to beat Hepburn and James Lyons to beat Smith McPherson. The republican rnanagers do not concede a single Iowa district, although the vote will be close in several. Republican Gains In tlie West. The republicans are receiving some very encouraging news about the political situation on the Pacific coast.. The campaign has reached the stage where definite information can be secured from the party leaders, and,, with the election now only one week off, the prospects are said to be for a sweeping republican victory all over the far west. This, as one of the best informed officials at republican head•quarters said today, does not mean that the party will carry states like Colorado. The free silver advocates are too firmly planted there to be dislodged in one campaign. But the indications, as gathered at republican headquarters, are that the free silver vote will be largely reduced, and that the republicans will gain much that they lost when the free silver propaganda swept over the west. . Tlie Vote In Kossuth. Following was the vote of last fall for governor in each precinct in Kossuth county. The total was 4,169. Tt will be interesting to compare this fall's vote with that of last year. Algona— First ward. . . Fourth ward Burt Buffalo Garfleld Hebron Lotts Creek Portland Prairie Riyerdltle Springfield Whittemore Totals i a (D 95 119 66 115 141 42 74 15 51 119 25 37 77 33 45 112 69 32 92 44 29 86 61 14 40 30 47 19 65 44 05 73 158 106 2.185 White. 35 41 84 J30 99 50 39 11 71 57 61 51 37 26 10 43 48 85 59 59 15 31 52 97 53 87 66 20 22 55 38 49 100 117 1.92J 13 ! 1 1 * * ' 4 * * * * .111 g .... o o ^ t 17 | 1 S 1 1 a 1 8 Leland. | ' 'i 5 1 1 1 .... .... 3 1 2 3 ' ' 14 32 Another From Hatley. West Union Gazette: There is a man in Fayette so witty that his wife manufactures all the butter that the family uses from the cream of his jokes. Britt Tribune: That's nothing; over at Algona a year or two ago when the election returns came in the milk of human kindness soured until the streets were filled with Dutch cheese two feet deep. THE Mason C}ty Brick and Tile Co. makes the best drain tile and hollow building tile in the world and lowest prices. F. O. B. any station. Vic. Dolliver at Blue Earth. Blue Earth City Post: Last Thursday evening the Hon. V. B. Dolliver of Minneapolis took our citizens by storm. In fact it stormed before he came, but the elements could not " hold a candle" to the storm of applause that greeted his eloquence and clinching arguments. He had uttered but a few sentences before his listeners were aware that they had before them a true political orator. He is a brother of the famous Iowa orator, Congressman J, P. Dolliver, and if that brother is a better or more convincing speaker than he who addressed us last Thursday evening then he is indeed entitled to his reputation of being the best republican orator of the country. Victor B. Dolliver is a whirlwind and the applause that greeted his convincing arguments and witty but not abusive points made against democracy were at times almost deafening. So highly were his listeners entertained that they took no note of time. At the close they gave him such a round of cheers as has not been heard in this city for years. He had an intellectual and highly appreciative audience and they readily caught every fine point made by the speaker and greeted them with vociferous cheers. There is 9> higher seat awaiting Mr. Dolliver and the people of Minneapolis will not he slow in elevating him to It. We wish we had more^ such wen in Minnesota.