The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 12, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, October 12, 1898
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Page 6
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Uta&tt D18 M01N1B; ALGONA IOWA. 1% , 01? THE WHJSML nl °* throiigh the rear wal! °* the lamp WAf Teas OF ifoteRest to f* THE 6ICYCLE tltt* Alleged tiffnf of th« Cycle Era— it In Only n SftftgeaMon Thftt TAltet o« Rtnpt.r tteaiM—The Military e—Some Recent intentions. Becay of Cycle Eta. T has been frequently said of late and rarely contradicted, that cycling Is falling into i disuse as a pastime among the well-to- do people of the eastern states; and even men of good general information are pointing to this alleged fact as a sign of decadence of the cycle trade. Reasoning of this soured order is somewhat likely to be •widely accepted as correct, so long as nobody undertakes to demonstrate its fallacy. It has n plausible color like most other pessimistic views. The observation that a certain cln.ss of people do not pass as many of their leisure hours on a bicycle as formerly is most probably true; a surmise to the effect that a similar moderation of the desire for beitig astride of a bicycle, to the derogation of other legitimate occupations of mind and body, will soon be noticed also in central, southern and western states, seems quite reasonable; and hereto Is added the Insidious suggestion that probably a craze for motocycles is approaching and will occupy the place in the* public mind so far held by the bicycle. This is the argument advanced, and it is sufficiently reasonable on the surface to gain proselytes among the same people who once proclaimed cycling a fad, pure and simple, until they are forced out of that contention by an undeniable array of facts. The present rumors of decadence are merely evidence of backsliding on the part of these doubting Thomases, who are forever struck with inability to gather a well-proportioned opinion of anything and by reason of this narrowness of their perceptive faculties forever gravitate to superficial criticism and groundless misgivings. , If there ia any danger in the state of affairs on which these people base their predictions, it is one which should have been long ago foreseen. No sensible person could harbor the thought that aimless cycling, or cycling for cycling's sake, could continue to interest an intelligent nation. The mere act of turning pedals around as a means of epeedy locomotion is so simple and makes so small demand upon the faculties of a civilized person, that, once mastered, it must always remain subordinate to the purpose which it is adapted to serve. It is especially clear that the intelligent classes could not very long remain blind to the fact that locomotion is not the chief purpose in life. Any improved form of it has value and significance in civilization only in so far as It assists in satisfying more fundamental human desires. The same ia true of railroad travel, boating, driving and walking, and will be true of motocycling. The more rationally the persons composing the commonwealth are usually occupied the more fully this holds true. Only splenetic Englishmen pass their lives in traveling; only idle heirs to noble names and fortunes have given motocycling its .faddish aspect in France. Were even aerial navigation a perfected and safe accomplishment,, people with serious interests in life would not for long de- ilight in exploring the clouds or chas- 'ing the wild swan in its own element .to the detriment of their earthly pur- jf.uits. In the long run every new thing jflnds its place, accord ing to its legit- jimate importance, and not according to fancy. The cowboy transplanted to New York city puts away his pony and his sombrero. Only hotel waitere wear full dress every day in the year, yet full dress falls not in disuse. Only professional cyclists and numskulls cycle for cycling's sake, and the former usually cease to do so when the finan- body to a clockwork mechanism mounted on the outside and operfcMflg a small bell. The bell hammer li* attached to the arbor of the pallet wbtch co-operates with the escapement wheel of the clock works, and on this arbor is an arm which crosses the axis of the rod from the thermostat When the lamp has been lighted the heat will bow the thermostat outward, thus moving its rod. rearwardly and causing it to cross the track of the arm on the bell hammer arbor and lock the latter from moving The motor may be then wound xip, biit it will be impossible for it to operate the bell on account of th'e locking rod. When, however, the light in the lamp becomes extinguished the thermostat will resume its normal straight position and its rod will be withdrawn from its locking arrangement, with the motor arbor arm and the bell will ring. Suitability for Mllltnry Pm-poxe*. The utility of this construction for military purposes must be obvious. When a halt is made all the saddles of the corps can be simultaneously dropped and the soldiers brought to their feet standing upright on the ground still astride of their machines, which, being held upright by the legs, leaves both hands free for the handling of arrn.3. Thiif* is obviated the necessity of laying the machines on the ground when firing, and after a volley has been fired the soldiers are mounted and ready to ride away n- stantly upon the word of command. For military pin-poses, a special frame is made, in which the top frame tube slopes upward In a straight line from the saddle cluster to the head lug, both connections being at. right angles. This is to afford apace for a knapsack. Further provlson for carrying luggage is made by placing strong frames of tubing over the front and rear wheels, as shown in figure 2. The whole machine is made especially strong for this purpose, as it is designed with the TUB MILITARY BICYCLE. express object in view of one soldier mounting behind another on the same machine in event of being wounded or having his own bicycle damaged. As, with the seat dropped, the rider can readily step over the frame from the side and seat himself firmly in the saddle before starting to ride off, a person sitting over the rear wheel or a bundle of any size would in no way interfere with the convenience of the sol- dler cyclist. An O1U Theory Uiaprovod. An elaborately planned coasting contest took place at Hartford a few days ago, the main object of wh;ch was to get at the comparative running quall- ies of certain tires. Incidentally, however, the results obtained apparently overturn the popular theory that, other things being equal, the heavier rider should win. The distance covered in this contest was short and the grade at the beginning slight. One rider weighed 190 pounds and the other 130 pounds. There were three separate trials, both contestants using the same machines under exactly identical conditions. In the first trial the light man coasted 125 feet and covered the first 100 feet in 31. seconds, while the heavier rider required 36 seconds to reach the 100-foot mark and only scored a total of 105 feet. The second trial with different equipment resulted more 'favorably to the heavyweight, who beat his opponent by half a second for 100 feet and was only beaten by one foot in the total. In the third trial the light man was again victorious both in time and distance. The riders were regarded as equally skillful at coasting, and, under the improvised rules of the contest, neither was allowed to take advantage of any special bodily movements which are supposed to accelerate progress. TIJB SIGNAL LAMP, cjal Inducement is removed. If there has b&eu any general misunderstanding according to which a person who buys a cycle should be expected to go on forever investing his spare energies in pedal-turning, it has hardly been shared by those who ace accustomed to observe the course of human affairs. In order to save bicycle videra from fines tor rjding with uu Ugh ted lamps, this Inventor proposes a contrivance {or ringing &. small bell whenever the lamp nay become extinguished, thus warning tbe rider. Attached to the wtck tulie is a, strong, light frame with unturned arms which faojd a thermos- atrip in clo?e prpxijalty tp the side ' of the flam'e. The loww of toe .strip rgpts norjaajly tfce tube so that the actlpa flame's beat Will cause It to bovy Device for Fitting: lilcyolc to Itliler, In order that when a bicycle is delivered to a new customer who is unsophisticated in the art of cycling, he or she may derive the most pleasure from the pastime and by presenting a graceful appearance and enthusiastic mental attitude be a better advocate in the sight of others, it has been suggested that the dealer should have a stationary device fitted with instantly adjustable cranks, handle bar and seat post stems, graduated perhaps in inches and fractions, upon which the would- be customer should be asked to sit. A friction scale arrangement could be fixed so as to give the pedals the same resistance they would meet on grades of varying steepness, 'and by tests the proper length of crank and the best gear for the rider could be determined, rjjfferent saddles could be tried and adjusted in various positions until the most comfortable seat and most graceful and effective position of the ridor was secured. IJandie bars could be raised and lowered in the same way, an.d when tbe customer had been perfectly fitted in every way on this de* vice, it would be au easy matter to duplicate the equipment and adjustments on the machine to be delivered, go that all concerned would be best sat- - isfle<| with the l*aat ajnc^nt of trouble. "Tiie Cricket an, the Hearth," « do- m.es|ie opera, founded on Dickens' novel of the same name, wit^n by -Tuliao Stwvgin and composed by Sir Alexander >lackep?ii,e, is to be produced }n LXUI- - MATTERS OP INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS, Sow* rp-to-toflto Hint* About Cultivation of the Soil and Yields Thereof — Horticulture, Viticulture and floriculture. Asparagus Culture In Missouri. Bulletin No. 43 of the Missouri Experiment Station, by Prof. J. C. Whitten, horticulturist, describes in detail the best methods of growing asparagus, which, briefly summarized, are as follows: This plant'succeeds well in any rich soil, a loose and somewhat sandy soil being preferred. The bes.t varieties are the l?almetto and Colossal. For the best results the seed should be sown in .the greenhouse or hot-bed in February. When the plants are two or three inches high put the best of them in 2% inch pots. The selection of plants Is of great importance. Many of them will have stems that are flat and twisted, or that send out branches near the ground, are tough and woody and should be discarded. Select only such us are cylindrical, smooth, and make at least two inches of growth before putting out leaves. These will make crisp and tender plants. Repot these young and tender plants frequently until about the first of May, when they should be planted out of doors. In the absence of greenhouse or hot-bed facilities for growing these plants, it would be best to buy from some first-class nursery good one-year- old plants. For the asparagus bed the soil should be pulverized thoroughly, to a good depth, and the plants set 12 to 18 inches apart in straight rows four feet apart. Vary the depth of setting the plants in the ground from four inches at one end of the bed to eight inches at the other; the shallow set plants will come up earlier in the spring, thus giving a longer producing season. Give clean cultivation during the summer, and in the early winter mulch heavily with old fine manure. In early spring ridge up the rows by turning the soil between the rows over the sprouting plants. The sprouts coming through this depth of soil will be long, well bleached and tender. This ridging also facilitates subsequent cultivation, as after the asparagus is cut these ridges may be raked or lightly harrowed to kill all weeds without injuring the crowns below. No asparagus should be cut until the plants are two or three years old, but after they have become thoroughly established, cutting may continue daily for six or eight weeks 'in the spring. Allow no stems to make leaves until cutting ceases about the first of June. After that time the best cultivation should be given until autumn. Under no circumstances should the tops be cut after harvesting ceases until they have died in the fall. This summer growth makes the plants strong and ready for the next spring's crop. A bed treated In this way every year should produce well for forty years. Tartly Analyzed Solla. The analysis of soils is of a good deal of importance to the farmer and yet no analysis can tell exactly what a soil will do or what it most needs. By chemical analysis we get certain results. The test shows the chemicals that compose the soil but it does not show the humus and ready plant food. Thus two soils might analyze exactly alike and yet one of them might be a productive and the other an unproductive soil. One might be rich in humus and the other contain no humus. In one the available nitrogen might be large, while in the other there might be no available nitrogen. The analysis of soils is a thing that should be carried, on to a greater extent than at present, but we must not look for too great results from it. One of the best analyses of soils is that made by the actual plants. Knowing the needs of different plants we can largely determine the character of the soil by the relative growth of the plants. The partly analyzed soil may yet be of great use to the farmer who has to buy commercial fertilizer, as he can determine the kind of chemical fertilizer to use in the largest quantities. But a systematic growing of certain plants will give him a very full stock of information as to the actual supply of plant food in his ground.' This is particularly the case with varieties of the same plant. Take for instance the strawberry. It is our experience that some varieties do well on clay soil, while others will simply do nothing on such soils. The farmer that tries but one variety of a plant on his ground cannot know that he is getting the one that will give him the best results. e ot Celery. A report of the Maine Experiment Station says: If on well drained soils, celery plants may be left in the rows till the last of November, by having some litter at hand to apply in case of hard freezing. It should be remembered, however, that if the plants are well banked a little freezing of the tips of the leaves will do no harm, and the mistake is often made of applying winter protection too early and thus injuring the crop by keeping it too warm. For winter storage the method in vogue in some celery growing districts is to make, on well- drained soils, beds of four to six double rows of plants with a wall of dirt between. Bank up on the outside till the tips of the leaves just show above the surface of the bed. I#eave the bed in this condition till hard freeaing begins, then throw two or three inches of soil over the surface. Let tbjg soil freeze hard before applying IJtte} 1 , and never apply fceary cover ajt $•« first approach 0f co}<3 weather, The' spjl Jn the fce4 Is still heavy CQ & (; of jwan,ure is pat on the top, the -frost is soon taken out of the surface soil and the temperature will be high enough to induce decay. The secret of success with the winter storage of celery is to keep cool. As the severe weather of winter approaches, the covering of lit-* ter may be increased unless there is a fall of snow. To open the beds take the litter off from one end, break the crust of soil with a pickaxe, and remove any desired amount of celery. Then carefully replace the covering. This plan has the merit of cheapness, and for holding plants through the winter is preferable in a pit or cellar. If the plants are to be disposed of as early as January, they may be stored, in a cool cellar or pit. In this case the plants are set very closely together on loose moist loam. To avoid heating consequent on packing large quantities of the plants together, compartments about two feet wide by eight or ten feet long are made by setting up boards, which shall come to the tops of the plants when in place. If the plants are closely packed so as to exclude the air it is unnecessary to use boards between them. When plants are stored in this way it is necessary to keep the temperature of the pit or cellar as near the freezing point as possible. If, however, it is desired to hasten the' process of blanching, the temperature of the place may be raised. The soil in which the plants are placed should be kept moist to prevent wilting, but t..e foliage should always be kept dry, or there will ba trouble from rotting. The Mushroom 8eueo». The mushroom season has opened with a good supply of this delicious vegetable. Years differ very greatly in this respect. During the last five years we have had three mushroom seasons. They were 1804, 189G and 1898. The years 1895 and 1897 were off years, so to speak. The lack of rains during the summer and early fall made it impossible for the mycelium to develop. At least this was the condition in Northern Illinois, and we presume the same was true over a wide extent of country. Good rains are necessary some weeks before the fruit of the mushroom appears, for the plant itself is of slow development. It would be of value to our readers if they would educate themselves on the wild mushrooms. At present Agaricus Melleus is growing in large quantities in the vicinity of Northern Illinois and we doubt not throughout the whole country. This mushroom is described in a report of the Department of Agriculture for 1891. It is a honey colored mushroom of great prolificacy. We will not try to describe it, for we think it unsafe for our readers to attempt to gather this or any other mushroom on word descriptions. The government publishes colored plates of the principal mushrooms that are good for food. In this way one could be about certain of the variety he is gathering. If any of our readers wish to take up the subject at this time, we would advise them to send to Washington for reports on 'mushrooms. We will add a word of caution: Do not take any chances on varieties that you do not know, and do not trust any of the rules that are given for determining good and bad mushrooms. Such rules are very deadly, as they fail at the very point where they are supposed to be strong. Take for instance the rule that says put a teaspoon in the cooking mushroom anc if it be poisonous it will turn the spoon black or at least discolor it. One of the deadly Amanitas will do no such thing, but nevertheless it is as deadly as a rattlesnake, no antidote having been found for it. Merino Wool DecreuHe in Australia. The annual wool trade review issued by Messrs. Winchcombe, Carson & Co of Sydney, New South Wales, calls attention to the decrease in merino wool in that part of Australasia, and the relative increase of crossbred wools. It says: "There are now so many different degrees of cross existing that the old New England type of wool seems in danger of losing its identity altogether, Many selectors have actually bred from crossbred rams. Result, chaos, some of the progeny going back to strong wools, ethers tending to fine', and the greater majority being nonde- scripts. , . . it is stated that 65 per cent of the sheep in the Argentine .Republic are now erosebveds, and about 75 per cent of the New Zealand sheep are either crossbreds or long-wools. Consequently the man who breeds for a crossbred wool abandons the class of staple which can be grown nowhere to such perfection as in Australia in favor of a commoner grade which is being produced in immense quantities in various other parts of the world." Destroying Wheat Smut— The 'best method for destroying smut in Utah ia to submit the grain to a bath of vitriol and lime water just before time for sowing. All the wheat sown is spring grain, hence the bath is given after the seed has been stored in the granary during the winter. The bath is made by dissolving ten pounds of vitriol and an equal amount of lime in a barrel of water to make enough for one ton of wheat. The barrfei is flUed almost full of this solution and the wheat is dipped in and allowed to thoroughly saturate and then spread gut to dry. Some farmers use a tin bucket or coal oil can with boles perforated in the bottom. Others shovel the barrel full of \yheat, an4 after leaving it stand awhile throw put the graJn. 'Another method is to put the grain in a gunay sack and submerge tfte sack.—B!*. Housing Poultry.— Don't hotjse all kinds of poultry together- "Ducks, geese, chickens ana turkeys ebou,ia each have separate sleeping P } aoes . Wens ana guJneiis da er, put they are the well togeth- tve classes, TO GET HIGH NOTES. Device* Employed by SJnfecrt to l«ictea»» the Ranpe of the Voice. One reason adduced against th« American girl with a voice going to Europe to study is that the singing masters use such figurative language in telling the pupil how to induce a tone that only those familiar with the language can make out what they mean The vocal teachers in this country are tolerably practical themselves, and It takes meet of the half hour at $5 per lesson to puzzle out what they man is trying to say. When they talk of trying for a tone "like a flock of birds/ or that one must think of it as a "piece of down floating In the air," or "sing with a long tube," it takes long acquaintance with the jargon to understand, and then every teacher has a different set of phrases. These are generally based on some fact empirically used. For example, the familiar tone: "Sing with the laughing eye am! the smiling mouth" gets a better anc: brighter tone on the upper notes because the seventh pair of nerves that actuate the smiling muscles also lift up the soft palate and the prima donna that "laughs it out" when she juggles with the high notes above the staff does so because that is the easiest way to do the work. If it could be known just what arrangement of the muscles that govern the hollow spaces of the voice was necessary for every note and these were all named and everybody agreed to the name, teaching vocal music would be as simple ay brick laying. One thing seems to be definitely known, and that is that for the way-up-in-the-sky notes from the second leger line above the treble staff, high C and up to G in alto, the Koft palate that usually hangs down like a grape curls itself up backward and divides the nasal passage in two. Laryngoscopic tests show that to be the invariable method. If a girl can teach her soft palate to do this, she gets the notes "in alt." If she can't she doesn't get them, and that la the end of it.—Boston Advertiser. M'KINLEY AT 22. This is the way McKinley looked when he was 22 years old and the first WITH HIS FIRST MUSTACHE, faint mustache adorned his upper lip, There are the same lines and the same expression which the president wears to-day, with an added firmness and /narking of character, which comes with age. Spanish Friendliness. There can be little doubt that the rank and file of the Spanish people will become good friends of the United States as soon as they understand her. This they have been prevented from doing, largely by the action of their leaders and rulers, who represented our nation as a cruel and bloody one, that spared few prisoners and showed no mercy. Doubtless there were thousands of Spanish prisoners who considered themselves—upon finding that they were allowed to live—us the most amazing monuments of the saints' grace now in captivity. They have fast been "finding out to the contrary." Only a few days since the following letter was written by a private of the Spanish infantry at Santiago, and it is believed that he speaks for thousands: "To Major General Shatter, Commanding the American Army 'hj -Cuba: Sir—The Spanish soldiers who capitulated In this place on July 1C last, recognizing your high and just position, pray that thu^igh you all the courageous and ncfje soldiers under your command may receive our good wishes and farewell, which we send them on embarking for our beloved Spain. For this favor, which we have no doubt you will grant, you will gain the everlasting gratitude and consideration of eleven thousand Spanish soldiers, who are your most humble servants." . Your Compass Is a Watch. Any one can turn his watch into u compass by remembering that south is half way between the sun and the hour hand; but comparatively few know how to turn the compass into a watch. Place your compass so that "N" points due north. Imagine the right half of the dial divided into twelve equal parts, "I" being in the same position as on a watch dial, and "XII" where "VI" is, Commence again with "I" where "Vll" is on the watch dJal, and divide the left half into twelve equal parts, the "XII" being j n the same position as on the watch. Consider the shadow cast by the sun aa the hour hand of your compass-watch, and you have the approximate time,' FPV the southern hemisphere com^ mence the "I" where the "XI" i s on the watch dial and number from right .0 left. KeU Hot Stove . A safe weighing nine hundred pounds was recently stolen ana carried, away by thieves, at the corner of Stantou a,Ud Essex s.*r?p.tfl Jffow York. Fait Medicine Is Fully as Impdftaht And as Siting Medicine. Hood's Sarsftparitlft is just the g to keep the blood rich and pure, create a* appetite, give good digestion and tone and strengthen the great Vital organs, u wards off malflria, fevers and other toim* of illness So prevalent'ih the Pall. Hood's Sarsaparilla Is America's Greatest Medicine. Hood's Pills cure al* Liver Me Hncln't Noticed It. "T s'posp, yon noticed that the wnt hart quite a reli^'tcrns flavor?" '•No. In wlint way?" "All the yachts -were convex-led nml many of the rumors were confirmed Diamond "C" Soap Is a high grade laundry soap that can be used In hard or soft water. It took thefprikisli thirteen years to vemcmboi 1 (.ortlon, but only five hours to avenge him. ' No-To-llnv. for (iunrantoua lobuuco linblt curt), nmkcs weak men SHOOK, blixHl !inre. Mte. tl. All Loreimi Snow, the new head of the Mormon church, is 81 years oid and is a, pruduale of Oberlhi College. Use Diamond "C" Soap and get a full gilt mantel clock for nothing, other valuable prizes also. AVh.v floes a man invariably move the when lie sits down? Con's Cougli xsaigum is Hie olilpstnml bo?t. It will lironk v\i a cold quit lies than any tiling L'lse. It Is alwnvs reliable. Try it. "Ingratitude is the .world's reward' 1 is the favorite motto of those who do uol wish to do g'ood. Heavy O. A. Et< Uusinofn. General Manager Rawn of the Baltimore and Ohio South Western Railway has prepared a detailed statement of the number of people carried into Cincinnati on the occasion of the thirty-second annual encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic September 3rd to 12th inclusive. According to the train records 37,997 people were transported, the largest number being on September 5th, when the total reached 8,322. According to these statistics the Baltimore and Ohio South Western carried about 30 per cent of the travel. Undoubtedly. "I. wonder if Agninaldo intends to resist Dewey and Merritt?' 1 "It! he does the Spaniards will soon bo able to truthfully 'report tha.t the insurrection has been suppressed.'" Gold plated Cabinet Picture Frame ...-*'< with an easel back free for 100 Diamond "C" Soap wrappers. Claribel—They say lie is worth half a. million, at v.hc least! Matlca—How I should like to be his widow. Kdnoiito I'onr Hovr«ls With UnsritraMti Ciuuty CtUlwvUc. euro cousuiuvtlouforever. lOo. Sau. It' C. 0. 0. tail <lnifiriKiaroluiui mouov. The, washing- of Queen Victoria's household costs £3,014 per annum. 'A Perfect Type of the Highest Order of Excellence in Manufacture.'' Breakfast ocoa Absolutely Pure, Delicious, Nutritious. ..Costs less Ban op CENT a Cup.. ' a lie sure that you get the Genuine Article, made at DORCHESTER, MASS, by WALTER BAKER & CO. Ltd. ESTABLISHED 1780. TAPE RMS "A. tape worm eighteen feet lone at least came on the eoeno after my taking two CASCAKETS, This I am sure has caused my bad health for the past three years. J am still taking Oascurets, the only cathartic worthy of Dotloe by aensibio people." • GEO. \y BOWLKB, Balrd, MM*. CANPV '„ CATHARTIC Pleasant, Palatable' Pownt. Taste Good. Hood, Never Sicken, .Weaken, or OrfpeTlOo, ,M CURE CONSTIPATION. MQ.TO-BAC ' What's tlie Matter with KANSAS? KANSAS OWNS (in rouea number** 900,000 Uorue» mid in u low, KO.OOO milch vowi, l,«w,TO0ottiertatUu, U,400,000iwluo and 225,000 «lict(i. ITS FARW PH00U0TS.«, yew . «lmU> !50,000,000 tmnheli of eoro, W.ftW, .OOP liu«U<!l» of wlict»t unii millions uiwa uiiuiyo* of dull«r« in value of «M%«i (,-raluK, n ulti, vegetable), etc. In detju u'.ouv it bag u »hori*g» 9ew4 fur t free copy of "WbM'» ««• Mutter mill ;<uiisit»v"~u utw i««& -t>\ j« yf Met*,'- Oi!ucr<il Vsf»i)un9i' Office,- '4V|f«k* # »»»!» f^f^F^fTf^l^P^F^^f^r^^^^^^^f^V

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