The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on September 21, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, September 21, 1898
Page 6
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Tfifi OTPKK DBS M01NBS: ALGONA IOWA, WEDNESDAY. HEPTEMBJSH 21, 1896, While the peace negotiations with Spain were in progress to bring to a Close the war which has been Waged since April 21, and even after the protocol was signed and a temporary cessation of hostilities declared, some of the most important battles of the war were fought and won. On the day the protocol was signed Admiral Dewey and General Merritt, with the land and naval forces under their commands, made a combined attack on Manila, forcing its surrender in twelve hours, taking 7,000 prisoners and 12,000 stands of arms. The day before, at which time Spain's answer vas in the hands of the president, Manzanillo. on the south coast of Santiago province, was bombarded for twelve hours and at dawn on the day peace was declared surrendered. Meanwhile General Miles in Porto Rico was pushing his advance lines on San Juan and even after receiving word of the declaration of an armistice had several lively skirmishes with the Spaniards. While Secretary of State Day and Ambassador Cambon of France, representing Spain, were appending their 'signatures to the peace protocol, Manila, after a stubborn resistance, was •surrendered. The stars and stripes were flung out to the breeze that very evening on a staff where had floated so proudly the •banner that for 350 years represented Spanish sovereignty in the Philippines. Just as the fresh breeze snapped Old Glory straight on the halliards the sun, which had been behind clouds all the week, burst out in a flood of brilliant light, saluting the first free flag hoisted over the Philippines in formal recognition of oppression's overthrow ;md freedom's onward march. The cheers from land and sea that greeted (he glorious ensign had hardly died away when the guns of Admiral Dewey's flagship, the Olympia, began roaring out a national salute to the new sovereignty in the Philippines. The Charleston quickly followed, and then the Raleigh. Concord, Hugh Me- Culloch, Petrel, Boston and Baltimore, and even tbe little Callao, that three months ago boasted allegiance to the flag that has ;iow been supplanted. In Cuba a similar scone, although not so important, was being enacted. On August 12 Manzauillo, on the south coast of Santiago province, west of Santiago de Culm, was bombarded for over twelve lionise, beginning at about 8:30 iu ihe afternoon, when the second- rate protected cruiser Newark lay 5,000 yards off shore and threw 6-inch shells, and the gunboat Suwauee, the Osceola. Hist and Alvarado, at ranges of from 600 to 800 yards, swept the f'hore batteries with their 4-inch guns, 6-pounders aud smaller guns. The active bombardment lasted until 5 o'clock, when there was a lull for an hour. After that the Newark used her 0-inch guns every half hour through -the night. At dawn the next day white flags O could be seen all over the town and also oil the hills. Soon a small boat: •was discovered coming out to the Newark under a white flag. Two Spanish ofllcers boarded the Newark and said that they had been instructed to inform Captain Goodrich that a. peace iprotocol had been signed yesterday by the representatives of Spain aud the United States and that hostilities had n*ascd. Meanwhile General Miles, unaware of the dawn of peace, was pushing his forces on toward San Juan. On Aug- liat 10, three day« before peace was declared, the town of Coamo was captured after a fight, and about the same time another force was engaging the enciny near Guayamp. In the capture of Coamo General Tflrnst's brigade was ordered to move at daylight. The main body went along the military road, while Colonel 'Diddle of General Wilson's staff, with the Sixteenth Pennsylvania, made a dolour to enter tfce town from the north. They mot the Spanish forces outside the town and n. fisht took place, which lasted half an hour. The. fire was hot. mish about five miles beyond Guayama. The Americans were caught in an ambuscade and had it not been for speedy reinforcements Companies A and C would have probably been wiped out. As it was several of them were wounded. This was the last fight in the war. CELESTIAL PHOTOGRAPHY. The ScnMtlve Plate Knveals More Than the Kye Can See. In September St. Nicholas there is an article on "Photography: Its Marvels." by Elizabeth Flint Wade. The author says: Almost the first use in science to which the new discovery was put was the photographing of the moon, the first recorded picture being made by Prof. Draper, and presented to the New York Lyceum of Natural History. His son Henry grew so fond of astronomical photography that on leaving college he went to Ireland to see the great reflecting telescope of Lord Rosse. -After seeing it he determined to make one like it. The reputation of the Yankee boy—that he can make not only the thing he undertakes but also the machine that makes It- was proved to be deserved by Henry Draper, for he made and he mounted the first American reflecting telescope. With It he took over fifteen hundred photographs of the heavens; and the instrument is still in use in Harvard observatory. The telescope not only reveals more than can bo seen by the eye alone, but the sensitive film sur- THROUGH THREE ZONES. The Oregon's Voyage ft Triumph tot Any Ship and a Wonder for a Battleship. Monday, May 9, the Oregon left Bahia, and on the second night out passed a fleet of vessels which she believed were tbe Spaniards. On May 14 the Spaniards were reported at Curacao, so it is hardly possible that the Oregon could have been near the enemy that night. With all lights out, however, she passed these vessels in the darkness, according to her orders, which were to "avoid all ships and make for home." She put into Barbados, flying a yellow quarantine flag to keep off inquisitive strangers, and within sixteen hours was off again, at full speed, making 420 miles in twenty-four hours. Upon receiving a dispatch announcing her arrival at Barbados, the secretary of the navy had given out to the nation that the great battleship was safe. Jupiter Lighthouse, on the southeastern coast of Florida, was signaled on Tuesday, the 24th, and again reported the Oregon to Washington. Two days later she anchored at Sands Key, off Key West—safe at home, after the longest voyage ever made by a battleship. And what was her condition after her wonderful journey? Her officers reported: "All in good health; everything shipshape; no accidents; not even a hot journal." After a stay at Key West long enough to fling the coal into her bunkers, she joined the fleet. They were drawn up in a wide semi-circle, and she came sweeping into the midst of them at fifteen knots an hour, like a winner of a yacht race, cheered by all the Jack Tars! As the Chicago Times-Herald says, her voyage Is "a triumph for any ship, and a wonder for a battleship." Over 15,000 miles without a mishap, and fifty-nine days at sea, "through two oceans and three zones," on the alert for an enemy during more than half the time- surely it Is a marvelous record, and one not likely to be repeated. Do you know what it means? A battleship has fully seventy machines on board, run by 137 steam cylinders. She is passes the power of the eye when aided by the telescope, for the camera records on the films objects which the eye can not see through the greatest magnifying lenses. No matter how far away or how dimly it shines, the light of the faintest star in time impresses the film, and thus that which is invisible, to the eye becomes visible on the plate. In celestial photography the camera is kept moving during the taking of a picture. The exposure sometimes lasts several hours, and if the camera were stationary the motion of the earth would soon carry the subject out of line with the telescope. The camera, therefore, is attached to the tube of the telescope, and the object to be photographed is brought into the lens at the intersection of two cross- wires. Then, by a system of clockwork, the telescope moves so that the subject, occupies the same position on the plate during the exposure. In tbe picture of the Swift comet may be seen small white lines. These are the marks or trails of the stars. The telescope was adjusted to the speed of the comet, and as it traveled much faster than the stars the photographs of the stars appear as streaks Instead of as points of light. It is another curious feature of celestial photography that a plate, may be exposed several nights on the same subject. 1 have seen star cluster and nebulae pictures which were exposed, 'the former on one and the latter on four successive evenings. The picture showing the nebulae required a total exposure of thirteen hours and forty-four minutes. •«•>»! K*tiit<-. Wallace—"We don't want The Spanish !n the trenches were driv- We want no heathen land." eu out. The Spanish losses are unknown. Our loss was six wounded, one seriously. While this battle was being waged the Fourth Ohio was having a skir- Hawali. Ferry— Hawaii is no heathen land. It has had missionaries for one hundred years and while the natives may be heathen, the land is in possession of the Christians."—Cincinnati Enquirer. an enormous fortress, crammed wit': delicate and complicated machinery. To build her, sail her, care for her and fight with her requires brains, skill, care, honesty, fortitude—in short, all the Christian and a few pagan virtues. Photography In the Courts, Photography is often called into court as a witness whose testimony can not be impeached. It is a detective of forged or disguised handwriting; for no matter how clever an imitation or alteration, the eye of the camera will search out, and the sensitive plate display, the fraud. A very important case, in which the entries in a document were in question, led to the building of what Is probably the largest camera in the world. The bellows may be extended twenty-five feet, and is connected with a dark room! which also serves as a plate holder. The lens seems out of all proportion to the size of the camera, being but two inches in diameter, but its magnifying power is so great that letters one-fourth of an inch in height can be enlarged to seven and one-half feet and appear in their exact dimensions and without the slightest apparent distortion.—St. Nicholas, Her Idea of It. "Well, I'm glad o' one thing. Our Jim seems to have good religious com- p'ny." "How is that, mother?" "His last letter says he's cornin' home in a converted yacht."—Cleveland Plain Dealer. u Servant Shabbily. Hicks—Grudger prides himself upon his literary attainments, lie claims to be a perfect master of the English language. Wicks—That's no reason that he should treat it so shabbily. Terrible Straita lu the Klondike. "Fearful destitution up at the Klondike," said Biggs. "Awful," returned Wimbleton. "I'm told that a wooden- legged man up there had to chop his leg up into toothpicks." WHICH ARE YOU? The woman who tosses her head and steps on her toe as she walks is a coquette. She trifles too much with love, and Is just the woman to miss a good husband and be sorry ever after. The quiet man will never be happy with the woman who digs her heels into the pavement and scurries along as if she were running a race. She is businesslike and most likely the woman to succeed in trade affairs, but her manner is one of those simple things that worry the quiet man to death. The girl who cannot walk, without skipping is one of those wild, glu'I gushers, who, when she has nothing elsse to rave over, raves with joy because it is Sunday or Monday, or Tuesday, or whatever the day pf the week happens to be; she Js equally depressed, and lives in a. see-saw atmosphere of qxujtation, qr despair. RACES IN PHILIPPINES THE ODDEST ARE TRIBES OF SAVAGES. Dwarfs Known ns Negritos—Descendant* of Ancient Inhabitant*— The Most Civilized Are the Tagals, of Which Acuinahfn Is the Leader. Now that the Philippine islands are in the hands of Uncle Sam, it occurs to the average American that we have taken into our fold, at least temporarily, one of the races of the earth regarding which but little is known, and that little showing that it is a people as ignorant as our nation is advanced in civilization. For, while Manila has a population composed of whites largely, there ia a vast extent of surrounding land almost unexplored. The few travelers, however, who have penetrated the country give most interesting descriptions of the natives peopling the distant mountains and plains. The strangest and most unique of the Philippine races is the collection of tribes called Negritos, which is the Spanish for negro, that word meaning black, thus denoting the tint of the persons to whom reference is made. When Magellan discovered the islands, in March, 1521, these people composed a large part of the population in what was called by him the Island of St. Lazarus. But at present they have dwindled till there are but 25,000 left, these mainly residing in three provinces and hiding themselves away from contact with the whites. iti their wild mountain homes these Negritos, or Agitas, as they are also called, live pretty much the life they did hundreds of years ago. Resenting the approach of the Spaniard, they have kept up a cott.{!iniial warfare, to which strife Is due their gradual decline, and the retention of their barbarous ideas and customs, In appearance these people are so small as to be properly denominated as dwarfs, for they are as petite as the tribe of Bosjemans of Africa, standing only a little over four feet high. They are brown as to complexion, with rather good features, broad, flat noses, woolly hair, worn in a mop around the head, while their eyes have a yellow tint. Though some travelers say they have good figures, there are others who assert that the Negritos' form is bowed into ungainly curves. The dress of the Negritos is not Parisian in style, but is admirably adapted to a warm climate, consisting mainly of a sort of fringe of plaited bark worn around the waist, while the brown skin is tattooed, as we find amongst all savage nations. Their manner of smoking is to place the lighted end of the cigar between the teeth. A peculiarity of the race is their wonderful dexterity with their toes, being able Avitb these members to perform many acts commonly left to the hands. Being a -wild people, there is no attempt made at agriculture, but they live on game, fish, which they are expert in epearing from their light ea- noes; honey in the forests, wild fruits, which grow abundantly In the tropics; roots, cabbage and palms. The dog is their only domestic animal. In the chase they are adepts in the use of the bow and arrow, girls being quite as proficient as the boys in this accomplishment. Their method of hunting is to poison the tips of the arrows with a peculiar substance, which induces a terrible thirst in the animal or person wounded, and on drinking, death takes place. T'Fie hunter then cuts immediately away the poisoned part, so that the rest of the meat will not be infected. All efforts to civilize the Negritos have so far proven futile and there is a good story told on a former Bishop of Manila, who had taken in charge and educated for the priesthood a young man of the tribe. Growing restless under restraint, the man threw aside his clerical garb, returned to his tribe in the mountains and out-Herod- ed Herod in his savage ways. Having no horses they wander about on foot, camping in the forests where game abounds, and when they have made a good killing, remaining on that spot till the meat is exhausted. Each tribe numbers about sixty people and is headed by a chief, wlio is usually the oldest man in the party. With no house to care for, they simply gather about the flre, around which they lie at night in a circle, with the head toward the flames. It is said that their speech is strangely like that of chirping birds, but that fact may be due to the foreigner's ignorance of their tongue. Unlike most barbarous races, each man has but one wife, and their manners are remarkably chaste. When a young man goes courting his girl, the custom is for her io literally "take to the woods" at sunrise and remain there till sunset, she hiding from his sight. If he is skilled enough to capture the coy maiden, she becomes by this his wife. Of course, it depends on the girl's own taste whether or not she shall be found. Great reverence is paid by these people to their dead, and it is their custom each year to lay on the grave of a friend a bit of betel nut, while the bow and arrows of a man are always buried* with him. The next most interesting race inhabiting the Philippines is the Malay nation known ae Tagals, who are numerous, live in the lowlands on pile dwellings and are semi-civilized, being a numerous pepple and in intercourse with the whfles governing the island. They are rather, handsome in appearance, with round head, low brow, flat nose, thicli lips, 4avk eyes and complexion and possess a strangely accurate sense o£ smell. Their usual coa- 1)3 a shivt worn on the outsid^e of linen trousers, and a big straw They have small plantations on which are grown such crops as rice, tobacco, sugar, coffee, mangoes, potatoes and hemp, the latter • staple being one of the largest exports of the island. These Tagals are a kind and generous rare, but maHe fierce soldiers. They are very fond of rich dress, of gaudy ornaments, and it is this taste belonging to his race which led Agul- naldo to decorate himself with gold medals in truly barbaric style in honor of his elevation by his success in arms. Their huts are surrounded by a fence of bamboo stakes and though some of the windows are fashioned with mother-of-pearl, instead of glass, which is hard to get, the household furnishings are of the most primitive sort. These consist of mats, which serve as floor covering and beds, crockery niade by the women, utensils of stone or cocoanut shells, baskets of wicker-work and platters carved of wood, cloth woven on the ancient looms, while the corn is. ground by the women with the old- fashioned mortar and pestle. They are expert carpenters and also adepts at metal-working. These primitive people have many excellent proverbs, among them being the sayings: Don't fling a stone; it may fall on your own head. Tell a lie and find a truth. A monkey dressed up is but a monkey still. Answer nonsense by nonsense. In beating for fruit, beat not the tree. The poor have no nurse. Wake not the sleeping. TO WALK CORRECTLY. To walk well is an art that should be 'learned by every woman when she is young, and then as she grows older she will walk gracefully as a matter of, course and there will be no effort at all in the way that she does it. For though a woman can learn to walk perfectly gracefully when she is older, there is never the unconscious grace of motion that there is if she is taught how to walk as a child. The training of a child in walking correctly should begin at its very earliest years. As soon as it is old enough to be taught to walk it should be taught how to do it correctly. Very many children are really never taught to walk at all. They are put on their feet by their nurses and allowed to run about anyhow, and little faults, that may grow into large ones, go utterly unchecked. All children should be taught: to dance when they are between 5 and C; this will make them walk better and hold themselves better than anything else. When you walk you should put th* foot firmly and yet lightly on the ground. Never walk as though your feet were of lead and yet do not mince and go along as if you were overcome with affectation; either extreme is very bad style. You should hold your body erect and your head up and the shoulders well back. In this way you will always look well and preserve your health and avoid any kind 08 lung or chest trouble. The effect of walking is to exercise the muscles, quicken the breathing, improve the digestion and keep the body in perfect health. If, however, the shoulders and head are bent forward the good effect is entirely lost sight of and there will >be no good whatever come from your walk. For a walk to do good, you should, if possible, always have a companion with you, as when you are talking the blood circulates more freely in the brain and the benefit that you derive from the open air is very greatly increased. And also the walk should be a bona-fide one, not merely an idle saunter up and down a road with no special object in view. And always have before you the wish to appear at your best as you walk, not merely to try to get over the ground as quickly as possible in any kind of! a way. Women who scurry along like rabbits or hens lose all idea of a graceful carriage and look more absurd than anything else. A deader of Men. "That man is a great political leader," said Mr. Corntossel's neighbor. "Well," was the answer, "he isn't exactly what I'd call a leader. But he certainly has a great knack of fludin' out which way the procession is goln' an' then gettin' out in front an' holler- in', 'Come on, fellers!'"—-Washington Star. The fastest Flowing ISIvcr. The fastest flowing river in the world is the Sutlej, in British India, with a descent of 12,000 feet in 180 miles. JESTS FOR THE TABLE, "Officer, is there a good restaurant in this neighborhood?" "Yes, ma'am, just around the corner." "Is there a saloon attached to it?" "No, but they'll send out and get you anything you like, ma'am." "Bridget, you've broken as much china this mouth as your wages amount to. Now, how can we prevent this from occurring again?" "I don't know, mum, unless yez raise me wages." Angry Wife—It seems to me we'va been married a century. I can't even remember when or where we first met. Husband (emphatically)-—I can. It was at a dinner party where there were thirteen at table. A shrewd old lady cautioned her married daughter against worrying her husband tod' much and concluded by saying: "My child, a man la like an egg. Kept in hot water a little while he may boil soft, but; keep him there too long and he hardens." Shark* are patrodiiiHg the Siif» f* nal, and are making their way "it from the Red Sea to the ranean. The constant labor of fouv person* for an entire year, is retired to duce a cashmere shawl of the qiiality. Lady Visitor—What a pretty babv How old is he? Mamie (nged 1 five)—T ain't quite sure, mum. We've had him about a year. Mrs. A. T. Fisk, an English woman and a member of the Women's Vegetarian Union, is lecturing on vegetarianism as a cure for poverty. TOLD BY FIGURES. Careful measurements prove that tha average curvature of the earth la 6.99 inches to the statute mile. There are four sovereigns and nln.9 heirs apparent among the fifty-seven living descendants of Queen Victoria.* The Jewish Year Book estimates that there are In the world about 11,000,000 of that race, more than half being under Russian jurisdiction. ' Official statistics for British India alone »how that about 21,000 people and 90,000 domestic animals are killed there every year by wild beasts. The number of soldiers on duty In the federal army during the civil war is given as follows: July 1, 1861, 183,688; Jan. 1, 1862, 527,204; Jan. 1, 1863, 098,802; Jan. 1, 1864, 611,250; Jan. 1, 1865, 620,924; May 1, 1865, 797,807. It is eighteen years since the first Japanese newspaper was established and now there are in existence 575 daily and weekly papers, 35 law magazines, 35 medical magazines, 11 scientific and a large number of religioua Journals. WHAT THE LAW DECIDES. The Immaturity of a debt at the time of the debtor's death is held, in Ain's- worth vs. Banks (Cal.), 39 L. R. A. 686, insufficient to prevent its setoft against a claim due to the estate, if it is mature at the commencement of the action. The raising of money by sale of bonds for a county building and exhibition at an exposition is held, in state ex i-wl. Douglas county vs. Cornell (Neb.), 39 Ii. R. A. 513, to bo for a public purpose or use which is authorized by the constitution. A release by an, employe of an express company of all liability for injuries by negligence of the employer "or otherwise" is held, in Pittsburg, C. C. & St. L. R. company vs. Mahoney (Ind.), 39 L. R. A. 101, to include tha liability of the express company to a railroad company to hold the latter harmless against claims of the express- men for injuries, and pre«ludes an action against the railroad company for causing the death of the employe. Free Uoiuen lu Aventeru Florida. There are about 1,000,000 acres of Government land in Northwest Florida, subject to homestead entry, and about half as much again of railroad lands for sale at very low rates. These lands are on or near the line of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, and Mr. R. J. Wemyss, General Land Commissioner, Pensacola, will be glad to write you all about them. If you wish to go down and look at them, the Louisville & Nashville Railroad provides the way and the opportunity on the first and third Tuesday of each month, with excursions at only $2 over one fare for round-trip tickets. Write Mr. C. P. Atmore, General Passenger Agent, Louisville. Ky., for particulars. JESTS FOR THE TABLE. Mistress—Why were you dismissed ,'rorn your late place? Up-to-Date Servant Girl—Well, I like your inquisitiveness! Did I ask you why your last girl left you? "Officer, is. there a good restaurant in this neighborhood?" "Yes, ma'am just around the corner." "Is there a saloon attached to it?" "No, but they'll send out and get you anything you like, ma'am." Don't Tobacco .Spit, and Smoke lour lift Away. To quit tobacco easily and forever, b'e magnetic, full of life, iiorve and vigor, take No-To-Bac, the wonderworker, that makes weak men strong. All druggists, 50c or SI. Cure guaranteed. Booklet and sample free. Address Sterling Remedy Co., Chicago or Now York. During' the first seven months of this year there were 199 suicides in Chiciig'o. Mm. \Vmslow'*Sootlung syrup forolilldi-eii teet,hini?,soft<Mi3 the Bimis.i eiluoes inflam. ' ain, cure* wiiu) colic. 2& cents a bottl* Three women are members of the board of aldermen at Lincoln, Neb. Cood Blood Makes Health And Hood's Sarsaparilla makes good blood. That is why it curea BO many diseases and makes BO many people feel better than ever before. If you don't feel well, are half sick, tired, worn out, you may be made well by taking' " Hood's SarsaparHIa America's Greatest Medicine. Hood's Pills cure all Livor Ills, >.'5ceuu. CURE YOURSELF', USB JJig C) for unuaUira! alaclutrgas, iuUuiumutiuiig, irritatioua or iilcortuionn uf mm'oiiB uiumliraiu'S. iaieiju ami nt) ( ut or polsouous. or ocnt in plain wrapper, t, y ,»! ix " T !. <e , a ' >! r "P«M. for tl..(KI. or 3 bottles, J2.7S. Circular gem O u raue HEWDlSCOYERYjgives „ ._ .. _ _ quick rolleCdmluuifu worst tH'lul for boul,' of tcsMnioiiials and 1O <lityd' ' " . llr.ll. 11. GltmiN'S SQSS.AUiWVjGa, Io: ' (1 °"« lls - i'uk|s, uml Uiton P Best Cough Syrup. Tastes JES io tlmo. Sold l)v drut

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