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ESTABLISHED 1865. ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1898. VOL. XXXIII-*N(X 25. A New Lot Of Nice. Water Sets, Plain and Fancy, Cheap or not so Cheap, which ever kind you want. Just opened at M. Z. Grove & Son, Carpets If you expect to buy a carpet this fall call and see our new stock of Moquet, Brussels, Saxony, Axminster, Velvet Brussels, * and Ingrains. Our carpet stock is complete for this fall. , G. L. Galbraith & Co. MODERN WOODMEN PICNIC J. T. ChriscJiilles, President. &. G. Hudson, Vice President. T. H. Lantry, Treasurer. James Patterson, Secretary. ALGONA MILLING COMPANY. [INCORPORATED. ] HIGHEST PRICES PAID for all kinds of Grain and Seeds. Dealers in Hard and Soft Coal. Manufacturers of Strictly High-giade Flour.. Special attention paid to the A DAY GIVEN OVEB TO ENJOYMENT Rev. Suckow's Splendid Address- Told Them Many Things of Interest About the Order. Owing to the large and constantly increasing demand for our superior grade of flour we are enabled to offer from 5 to 10 cents per bushel above the market price for good wheat. F. W. DINGLEY, Manager. [NSURANGE. Also Land, Loan and Collection Business.— Office over Algona State Bank. Farmers' of Cedar Rapids, Phoenix of Hartford, Hanover of New York, • Minnesota Fire, Minneapolis, Rookford of Rockford, Lloyd's Plate Glass of New York, United States Life of New York. GEO. M. BAILEY. FINANCIAL. Kossuth County State Bank, SS50.000. XO-W.A. Deposits received, money loaned, foreign and domestic exchange bought and sold. Collec •tions made promptly, and a general banking business transacted. Passage tickets to or •from the old countries sold at lowest rates. WM. H. INGHAM, President; T. CHBISCHILLES, Vice Pros; LEWIS H. SMITH. Cashier Directors—Wm. H. Ingham, John G. Smith, J. B. Jones, T. Chrischilles, Lewis H. Smith, J. W. Wadsworth, Barnet Devine. First National Bank of Algona. UAP1TAL $50,000 AMBROSE A. CALL President I WM. K. FERGUSON Cashier D. H. HUTOHINS \.. Vice President) 0. D. SMITH Asst. Casliier Directors—D. H. Hutchins, S. A. Ferguson, Philip Dorweller, F. H. Vesper, Ambrose A, Call, H. H. Spencer, Wm. K. Ferguson. Money always on hand to loan at reasonable rates to parties furnishing first-class security. Special attention given to collections. Officers and Directors— ' A. D. Clarke, President, 0. 0. Chubb, Vice Prest., Thos. H. Lantry, Cashier, Geo. L. Galbraith, Fred. M. Miller. Myron Souenok, s. F. Oooke. CASH CAPITAL, 850,000. General Banking. PRIVATE SAFETY DEPOSIT 7AVLT3. prjnterest paid on time deposits. The first annual picnic of the Woodmen of the county was held at the fair grounds Thursday. The attendance was not as large as was expected as many woodmen were also threshermen and were engaged in the latter capacity. Rev. Suckow's address was very interesting and was heartily enjoyed. The picnic dinner and the afternoon sports taken with the pleasant day made an enjoyable occasion of it. Parts of Rev. Suckow's address are given bo- low. They contain a very readable description of what the society stands for. The winners of the prizes were as follows: Ball throwing, gentlemen, Oscar Dutton first, a member of the Corwith club second. Ball throwing, ladles, Mrs. Wm. E. McDonald first, Mrs. A. L. Belton second. Egg race, W. Stlllman first, W. W. Adams second. Novelty race, A. L. Belton first, H. Lowe second. Novelty wheel race, S. E. Davenport first, Frank Parish second. In the ladies' cracker eating race, Mrs. Wm. Kuhn was first, Mrs. Parish and another lady tied for second. REV. SUOKOW'S ADDRESS. To do justice to my theme let me begin at the beginning. Adam was the first woodman, but although he began his career under circumstances peculiarly favorable that first lodge, it would seem, did not prove an unqualified success. Now I would not be so ungallant as even to hint that this lack of success was due to the fact that there was a woman in it. I am inclined to throw the responsibility for that failure upon Adam himself. He was not sufficiently careful in the matter of snakes, and a snake is enough to break up any lodge. If he hadn't allowed the serpent to get hold of the pass word, or if the serpent and the woman had failed to connect, all might have gone well; and instead of writing " Modern Woodmen" we might have had the gratification today of making it the "Ancient Woodmen" —yes, and "of America" too, for the latest scientific investigations have made it almost certain that the ancient paradise was located right here in north-central Iowa. Whittemore was just outside. But this ancient experiment was, as I have said, a failure. The charter was annulled and the lodge disbanded. I have never hud it in my heart to blame Adam and Eve very severely for taking to raising Cain after that. Coming down to Modern Woodman- ship, I may say that the order here represented was organized by Joseph Cullen Root, Jan. 5, 1883, at Lyons, Iowa, the first camp consisting of 21 members. By the end of the first year the membership had reached 2,000. By the end of 10 years it had risen to 88,000. Today it amounts in round numbers to 245,000. Since its organization the order has disbursed among its widows and orphans the sum of nearly $9,000,000. This is a good showing for 15 years. Although 15 years is not a long life for a fraternal order, there are, I think, only five others within the United States who 'numerically outrank the Modern Woodmen of America. And when it is remembered that this order has not an unlimited territory to draw from, but is by its constitution confined to ten of the northwestern states of the Union, its rapid growth during the 15 years of its existence is all the more re markable and gratifying. It proves that Woodmanship is possessed of certain elements 'of attraction, otherwise its invitations would not meet so cordial and universal a response. Some of these attractive features I find in the name. The name was originated under peculiar circumstances. For months after Mr, Root bad had the plan of such a fraternity mapped out in his mind he found himself unable to fix upon a name. The "Royal" something or other, the " Arcana" of some kind, and various other high-sounding appellations were in his thoughts but were all dismissed as unsuitable. He did not want a name full of meaningless swing and swagger, but one that would be original, modest and suggestive. One Sunday as he listened to a sermon by a Congregational minister the preacher happened to speak of the woodmen felling the ancient forests and clearing up the rich farm-lands of the middle and western states, and like an inspiration the thought flashed into his mind that this was the name he had been looking for—the Woodmen—the Modern Woodmen—the Modern Woodmen of America. It was at once adopted, and has been generally accepted as a happy device. It is a name pre-eminently suggestive of strong, sturdy manhood. The woodmen of America were pioneers. Leaving behind them the comforts and refinements of civilization, and plunging resolutely into the silent depths of the boundless forests, they there took up the struggle with untamed nature ana slowly but steadily subdued her wild dominions to the uses of man. Of the learning of the schools, the elegancies of culture, the amenities of civilized life, they had little; but these men and worne'n were nevertheless the stuff of which republics are made. It is their brain and brawn that is today one of the foundation stones of this mighty nation; and it is from the brush heap, the rail pile, the grub hoe, the little clearing in the dense timber, that Daniel Webster, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, James A. Garfield, and others of America's greatest sons came forth— men who stepped through the the lowly door of a log cabin to walk among the Immortals. If the name " woodmen" means anything today, it means plain, simple, robust, unsophisticated manhood; while the symbols of our order are not crowns and scepters and swords, the insignia of artificial greatness and often of oppressive tyrany, but the ax, the wedge, the beetle, the humble but potent implements of honorable industry and useful toll. Neighbors, let us wear them with pride, for I undertake to say that in the march of progress, the building of nations and the advancement of civilization, not the sword but the ax, not the battering ram but the beetle, not the cannon ball but the wedge, have made the mightiest victories and achieved the noblest results. The name is suggestive also of the progress of civilization In this western world. No men had a larger share in that progress than the pioneers of the forests. The first American settlers wore woodmen. Wherever they landed, whether upon the sunny banks of the James river or on the bleak shores of New England, they were compelled to enter at once upon the struggle of wresting a few scant acres from the sway of the universal forests. And as the star of empire took its westward course and savagery retreated stop by step before the advancing wave of civilization until this mighty continent was girdled from ocean to ocean with peaceful homes and fruitful fields and thriving cities, In all this progress the woodmen blazed the way, and the ax, the wedge and the beetle were the principal weapons in the achievements of this grand conquest. The name is suggestive too of neighborly kindness and brotherly goodwill. The pioneer woodman of America was noted for a warm-hearted welcome and a royal hospitality to all who came his way. The latch string of the cabin door was ever on the outside. Meeting a stranger in the highway or the village, it never occurred to his unsophisticated mind that ho must not speak to him until some third party had gone through with the formal, "Mr. So-and- So allow me to introduce Mr. Thus-and- So." He took him by the hand, welcomed him into his home and shared with him what he had. Surrounded, and sometimes oppressed, by the vast loneliness of the forest, exposed to a thousand dangers from seen and unseen sources, he appreciated the value of AS SEEN AT CAMP THOMAS VIEWS OF THOSE WHO WENT THESE Dr. Morse Talked at the Court House Sunday -Afternoon—Interview •with A. A. Branson. re- was At the suggestion of a few friends Dr, Morse talked Sunday afternoon to an audience, which in spite of the rain, filled the court room. He gave in an interesting way his experiences at Chickamauga, and showed kodak views he had taken of the camps, etc. He explained fully as to the water supply, corroborated what Mr. Brunson has told about the camp, and gave what everybody seems to agree Is a reasonable and fair view of the causes and suits of camp troubles. His talk dispassionate and candid, and impressed his audience favorably. At the close he was questioned by many in the audience. Dr. Morse says the sickness has been due to the small space allotted to the camp, lack of sewerage and the impervious character of the soil, to the irregular eating of the boys who have bought stuff outside their regular rations and to their drinking water from the springs that had not been boiled. The bad hospital service has boon in part from incompetence, and in part from the unexpected and sudden epidemic. He says the officers of the 52d regiment are all of them men of unexceptionable character and in his opinion they have loft nothing undone. His endorsement of the officers was very earnest. In every particular he corroborated the statements in Mr. Brunson's now famous interview, which has been quoted and commented on by the leading papers of the state. human companionship and neighborly kindness. He was ever ready to aid a neighbor in distress and to protect others as well as himself from the common danger. Was it not in the mind of the founder of this order that this same spirit of neighborly helpfulness should find large and ample expression among the members of the fraternity that now bears the numo of " Woodmen?" And again this name is attractive because it appeals to some of the pro- roundest and most enduring instincts of man's nature. The first men were woodmen. Far back in the gloom of the prehistoric past, the beginnings of the wondrous story of human progress lie shrouded in the silence and mystery of the great forests. Here men lived and struggled through their simple lives before the larger possibilities of human existence had as much as dawned upon them. The first home altars were reared beneath the arching boughs of the forest giants; and long before parents and children had learned to seek the shelter of humble cottage or stately mansion, the green walls and swaying draperies of theforestenclosed the primitive family life of the race. Here the voice of prayer was first heard. "The groves were God's flrat temples. Ere man learned To hew the shaft and lay the architrave, And spread the roof above them—ere he framed The lofty vault, to gather and roll back The sound of anthems: in the darkling wood, Amidst the cool and silence, he knelt down And offered to the Mightiest solemn thanks And supplications."—Bryant. The family, the home, the church, the state, all had their beginnings here. The forest is the birthplace of civilization. Then what cherished recollections of early days haunt this name of " woodmen!" What tender memory of youth and childhood clusters around itl It brings to mind the lordly elms and majestic oaks, whose spreading branches were ever whispering benedictions upon the old homestead, where your cradle stood and where mother's lullaby mingled with the lilt of the brook and the humming of the bees in the clover. It carries your thoughts back to the delights of the old grapevine swing on the hill side. You see the trout flash through the waters of some shady forest pool. You hear the nuts rustling down among the crimson leaves of a sunlit frosty morning. And you wander again in shady picnic groves, where you knew so well to find the most secluded path ways in company with her who to your boyish fancy seemed more angel than woman. We would all like to be such woodmen again if we could, and while that may not be, we rarely succeed in wholly banishing from our lives the influences and suggestions of the woods. Trees are a human necessity. Among the first things we do in making a home in a new country is to plant them; and the only suitable spot in which we can spend a holiday and find respite from the cares and worries of life is one in which we hear overhead the soft and soothing music of whispering leaves. Thus the name " woodmen" is profoundly suggestive of some of the sweetest, purest and most inspiring things in life. Therein lies one of the secrets of its attractions. As A. A. liruiiaoii Snw It. Following is the State Register's interview with A. A. Brunson in full: Mr. A. A. Brunson of Algona, one of the loading business men of the northern part of the state, and himself a soldier for four years in the civil war, visited Camp Thomas last week with Dr. Morse, formerly assistant surgeon of the Fourth regiment, I. N. G., at the request of the citizens of Algona for the purpose of investigating the horrible stories told of Camp Thomas. He returned to the state yesterday. He preceded the trains bearing the 52d Iowa regiment, and spent yesterday and last night in this city. A reporter for the Register saw Mr. Brunson yesterday and asked him to talk concerning the facts relative to Camp Thomas. Having been sent to the camp as the result of it mass meeting held on the subject at Algona, his opinions, after a careful and painstaking investigation, must be regarded as of the best. They should be convincing on the subject. "I reached Camp Thomas on Thursday last," said Mr. Brunson. "I had gone by way of Des Molnes, where I had hoped to see the governor to secure a letter, but he had gone to Iowa City, and I went on down south. Arriving at Camp Thomas I took upon myself to see the entire camp and to investigate three subjects in particular. These were: The water supply, the hospital service, and the food. " Through the camp there are three or four small rivulets running down between the hills, which serve as drains. These riyulets or brooks run into Chickamauga creek, carrying the sewage of the camp into that stream. They join before they reach the creek, I walked down them and know where they flow into the creek. The first charge made against the water was that it was pumped from Chickamauga creek below the point at which these natural sewers entered. It was on this point that I sought to satisfy myself. I discovered that the pumping station for the water had been located below the point of juncture of the brooks and the creek, but I also found that a canal had been cut which ran across the land and conveyed the flow from the rivulets or sewerage conductors from the camp into the creek below the pumping station. You see, therefore, that the boys were not drinking the water, as claimed. " I talked to the engineer of the station. I asked him how long he had been at work there. He said that he had been there ever since the station was built, had helped build it, in fact. I asked him if it was true as alleged that the water had been pumped from the river while the streams that ran through the camp had flowed into the creek above the station. He said that that was the fact during threedaysof the time the camp was forming. He gave the date, some time in May, soon after the camp was established, and while only a few of the regulars were very excellent army rations. We never saw white bread after we left our state camps when we were In the War. I found the boys there securing their bread rations or securing flour and selling it to procure other better foods. They had an excellent table. I ate with both officers and men. The officers I found to be buying their food from the soldiers themselves, and thus had about the same. I ate with the boys and found • that they had potatoes, white bread, ham, succotash, coffee, and other food. It was excellent army fare. They explained how they did it. They took their allowance of rations, and by sell" ing were enabled to secure delicacies and foods that were more desirable, as they desired. I tell you the fare was magnlfictent besides what we had during the four years we were In service. " The condition at the camp so far as sickness goes was horrible. There IB no question about that. There were> hundreds and hundreds of cases of bad fever. These are facts. What caused it, and who is to blame? No one la particular was to blame, and the cause was the long time this enormous camp was kept at one place. Think of a city of 76,000 men and thousands of animals without sewage of any kind or character, especially in a damp country, In the trees under the shadow of the mountains and in a hot climate! " I am satisfied that a very grave injustice has been done to the officers and men In authority over the camp. Some of the attacks have been wrong, some have been infamous. Men have been blamed who could under no circumstances have had any responsibility whatever. Some infamous lies have been told about Gov. Shaw, for instance. It was stated that he only visited the officers' quarters in the camp and talked to none of the men when he was there. 1 found that he had visited every tent in Company F in which there was known to be a sick man and was told he visited all other sick. That he should be held responsible for anything at the camp is ridiculous. " It Is true, I have no doubt, that the hospitals were at one time in bad shape. When the news came that the boys wore not going to the front they gave up and scores of them collapsed who had kept themselves up by sheer nervous force before. Then when the orders to return home did not come immediately more of them collapsed. I know what the feeling is. The boys had been, eager to go to the front when there was a chance to fight; but when the war was ended their mission was done and they wanted to return. The hope of going and the excitement had kept them up, and those who were really sick concealed the fact until it became certain that no one would go to the front and leave them in a hospital behind. Then the sick roll increased enormously very suddenly and the trouble at the hospital began. I have no doubt that there was confusion and failure to give adequate care in cases to patients. But it was not something for which the surgeons or the stewards could be blamed. "The people of Chattanooga are very indignant over this matter. They insist that the sickness has been due to the fact that the boys did not take care of themselves. This has been a great injustice to the boys. They talked this to me. I said that if Chattanooga should remove Its sewers, especially in that climate, and live for three months without any sewerage system whatever for that length of time that it would be In a great deal worse shape than Camp Thomas. One tall and apparently well informed man, who was in the company talking over the matter, said he believed that view was correct. And it certainly is. "Waterdoes notseep through the soil in that country. It flows off the water shed or the sun dries it up. This was an added aggravation to the lack of sewerage. Besides that over the valley every night a heayy fog formed and from the mountain in the morning, early the valley looks like a sea. Aa the sun dissipates-the mist the trees and the buildings look as though they were on the bottom of the sea. Presently the sun takes away the floating moisture and the people in the valley get sun light. Every night is the same story. " No wonder Iowa boys sickened and died there. Thank God they are home at last." SOME people live by their wits, but the majority of mankind live by taking Rooky Mountain Tea. Only 85 cents. Ask your druggist. CALL at our place for grapes the last of the week. M. Z. GROVE & SON, In it. He denounced as a lie the statement that the water had been pumped from the creek at a p|?int where the sewerage flowed into theater; said the canal had always been there, and declared he could whip the man who said otherwise, when I referred especially to one man who said he had followed the little brook down and had charged that they flowed into the creek above the station. " I visited the division and regimental hospitals. When I was there they were in excellent shape. There was mosquito netting for each bed to protect the patients from flies, and there was an abundance of nurses and attendants. There were nets beneath the flies of the tents except in one case, and, so far as I could see, there was an abundance of care for the sick. I visited the ward in which our boys were, and they appeared to be well off. I visited the kitchen quarters connected with the hospital, in charge of the Red Cross, and saw that there was plenty of the very best kind of food for the siok. "The food for the boys I found to be METHODISTS ABE PLEASED. They Like Their Pastor and Presiding Elder aud So Notify the Coming Conference. The annual conference of the Northwest Iowa Methodists will be held at Emmetsburg, Sept, 21. In view of that event the local church has requested the return of Rev, Day and the continuation of Presiding Elder Yetter. The following resolutions are highly complimentary to two able and enthusiastic workers: Be it resolved by the fourth quarterly conference of the Methodist Episcopal church of Algona, That wo fully appreciate the excellent work done by the Eev. Dr. Day during the past year as our pastor, and we the official membership in conference assembled request the presiding elder, Dr, D. M. Yetter, to secure his continuance as pastor of this church. Be it further resolved, That we deeply appreciate this labor of our pastor which has been performed under the severe strain of sickness and death in his family, and we extend to him and his family our heartfelt sympathy. Be it further resolved, That we fully appreciate the cooperation of our presiding elder, Dr. D. M. Yetter, in aid of our church interests, and we will hail with satisfaction his continuance at the head of Algona district. IT makes no difference how many medicines have failed to cure you. While there's life there's hope, and Rocky Mountain Tea will make you well. Ask your druggist. SEE our new glassware, M. 2. GROVE <S? SON. SHEET music—till the latest songs-- 33fr Off. DlK 1LEY & PlJGH, REMEMBER the great special carriage sale at the Wigwam, Sept. 17 and 19.