The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 13, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 13, 1898
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THE UPMlt D1S8 MO1NES: ALGON4, IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 13. 1898, IHISTORY _OP _THE WAR. Important Events Reviewed and Condensed Into Reliable Form for Our Readers, Friday. .Tnly t The army under General Shaffer moved jrom Us positions toward Fort Morro. The fort was taken after four hours terrific fighting. Two thousand Spaniards were killed. Eight hundred of our men were plain. Tho followlnp wan Issue-.! soon after battle: The folIowliiR is a partial list o£ oftleers killed: Col. Charles A. Wlkoff, Twenty-second infantry; L/ieut.- Col. John M. Hamilton, Ninth cavalry; Xileut. \V. II. Smith. Tenth cavalry; MnJ. Forse. First cavalry; Capt. O'Neill, First volur.teer navalry; Lieut. Mlchle. son of Prof. Mtchle; Lieut. Jules G. Ord. Sixth Infantry; Lieut. William E. Shlpp, Tenth cavalry. Following; Is a partial list of officers wounded: Lieut.-Col. John II. Patterson, Twenty-second Infantry; Lieut.-Col. Henry Carroll, commanding First brigade cavalry division; Maj. Henry W. Wessells, Third cavalry; Capt. .Augustus I>. rtlockson. Sixth cavalry; Capt. John B. Kerr, Sixth cavalry; Capt. George K. Hunter. Third cavalry; Capt. George A. Dodd, Third cavalry; Capt. Charles W. Taylor, Ninth cavalry; Llent. Frank R. McCoy, Tenth cavalry; Lieut. Winthrop S. Wood, arijustnnt Ninth cavalry; Lieut. Hnskcll. First volunteer cavalry: Lieut. A. <-,. Mills, First cavalry: Jjleut. Orcn T3. Meyer, Third cavalry; Lieut. Arthur Thayer, Third cavalry; Lieut. Walter C. Short. Sixth cavalry; Capt. John B. Rodman, Twentieth Infantry. SHAFTKU, Ma.1or-General. .Suturdiiy, Jul) fi. TerrUic fighting continued throughout the day. 1L was early seen by Gen. Shatter that our forces were too small. Gen. Panflo arrived on scene with ten thousand reinforcements ror Gen. Linares. The- Americans moved on Caney and took that place by storm. The following- aispatcn from Gen. Shutter was received and made public from the white house: "Playa. del Este. July 3. "To Secretary of War, Washington: "Camp near Sevllla, Guba, July 3.—Wo have tho town well invested on the north and east, but with a very thin line. "Upon approaching It we find It of such a character and tho defenses so strong Jt will bo impossible to carry It by storm ,\yHh niy present force. ' ''Our losi-ts u; up to date will aggregate 1,000, but tho list has not yet been made. "But little sickness, outside of oxhaus- ,tion from intense heat and exertions oE the battle of the day before yesterday and the almost constant lire which Is kept upon the trenches. . "Wagon road to the rear is kept up Avllh some difficulty on account of rains, but I will be able to use it for the present. "Gen. Wheeler is seriously 111 and will lirobably have to go to the rear to-day. "Gen. Young is also very ill; confined to his bed. "Gen. Hawkins was slightly wounded In the foot during the sortie the enemy made last night, which was handsomely repulsed. "The behavior of the troops was magnificent. "Gen. Garcia reported he holds the railroad from Santiago to San Lujs and has burned a bridge and removed some rails; also that Gen. Pando had arrived at Palma, and that the French consul, with about 400 French citizens, carne into his line yesterday from Santiago; have directed him to treat them with every courtesy possible. "SHAFTER, Major-General." Sunday, July 3. Admiral Cervera attempted to escape from the harbor of Santiago and run by the American fleet. The attempt was unexpected by Admiral Sampson, but his ships were prepared lr> an instant for the fight. With the flagship, the New York, in the lead, the Meet advanced to meet the enemy. So fierce and well directed was the fire from the American ships that iil'ter less than twenty minutes 1 fighting Cervera signaled to return. Admiral Sampson followed closely, and Cervera, seeing capture certain, blew up his entire fleet, with the- exception of one boat, which escaped to the open sea and is being pursued by two of Admiral Sampson's squadron. Tho occupation of the harbor by the American fleet renders the situation of tho Spanish troops, who hold the city, absolutely untenable, and an immediate surrender is inevitable. The news of the destruction of Admiral Cervera's fleet was received in Washington with indescribable satisfaction. Tho apparent reverse suffered by Gen. Shafter, which became public early in the day, had caused a feeling almost of dismay, and the change, in the situation was joyfully welcomed by the president and cab- | inet. The reinforcements asked for by • Gen. Shafter may not bo hurried to tho front as early as had been anticipated. ] Like a thunderbolt out of a clear sky | came a dispatch to the secretary of war at noon Sunday from Gen. Shafter on the battlefield saying it would bo impossible to carry the city of Santiago by utorm •wUU his present, force of men. This came at the moment when war department officials were expecting word that Santi- j ago had fallen an;*, iviat our flag was wav- Ing over tho city. Gen. Shafter gavo 1 many other details, showing splendid bravery on the part of our men, but all this was lost sight of in the fact of tha momentous report that the city Itself, after three days of de '.peruio buttle, could not be taken. The ili-jntch was carried by Adjutant General i'"H>in 10 the white house, where a coune.l of war was held by the, president, So;-!ctnry Alger, Gen. Miles, Gen. Corbin, A;<H stunt Secretary of War Melklejohn and Assistant Secretary of the Navy Allen. The ofllelals wore an outward calm, but the report had caused the deepest ablution. All attention was directed to sending reinforcements to Shutter immediately. In order that the battle mieht be renewed and Santiago taken. At uie war council It was positively determined there should be no halt In the movement on Santiago, except such time as was necessary to get more men to Shafter. They will be sent from Tampa in large number.-* and 15.00) men will then be. moved from Chlckn- iniuigu to Tampa to go forward on transports. Dispatches worn sent to the. licet off Santiago to have twelve transports return at once to Tfim;m to take on more troops for Shafter. I lurry orders were pent to Tampa, and oni? expedition of six ships with about G,0(W men left there Sunday. Monday. ,)uly •!. Tho complete; annihilation of the Spanish squadron at Santiago and tho capture of tho Spanish admiral, Cervera. with 1,?,00 prisoners; the demand by Gen. Shufl- er for tho surrender of Santiago by 12 o'clock to-morrow noon on pain of bom- Imrdment; word from Admiral Dewey that tho Ladrone Islands hud been captured; that a Spanish gunboat had surrendered; that a hundred or more Spanish ofllcers and men were taken, and that our first Philippine expedition had landed—this Is In part the thrilling record of such a Fourth of July as has not been known slnco the bells of Independence hall rang out the tidings of American freedom. It was a day when one momentous event followed another in constant and rapid succession, each hour bringing forth some, new feature more nlnrtling than what had gone before. The climax cmne at .1 o'clock, when, amid the wildest cheering, which fairly shook the great war, state and navy building to its foundation, Admiral Sampson's dispatch announcing Ills glorlnua victory and the en tiro destruction of the Spanish fleet was given tj the public. The white house was naturady the local point of tho on- thuslusm and stirring activity which marked oflle.ial Washington. It" was the busiest day the president has had since tin: war begun. Conference followed conference with the heads of the military and naval departments, high officers of tho service, came and went in a constant and steady stream and as each hour brought Us added luster to the American arms tho crowd of officials increased. The president had not a moment's respite. Telegrams came and went without cessation and tho historic old mansion presented a seonn such as has not been paralleled since tho momentous hours of the civil war. The story of the day is best told in the series of official dispatches, each bearing date of July 4. from Sampson, from Shafter, and from Dewey. Stirring as they all are, that of Sampson was accorded the honor of chief importance, not only for the immediate results se- eured, but also from the effects of this crushing defeat in weakening tho defenses of Santiago, and In dealing Spain such a staggering blow that she is left practically without a navy. The admiral's dlsnateh is as follows: "P.aya, via Haytl, o:l5 a. m., Siboney, July I!.—The fleet under my command offers the nation as a Fourth of July present the dcsir-jctlon of tho whole of Cervera's fleet. Not one escaped. It attempted to escape, at 0:30 a. m., and at 2 p. m. tho last, the Cristobal Colon, had run ashore sixty miles west of Santiago and had let down her colors. Tho Infanta Maria Teresa, Oquendo and VIz- caya were forced ashore, burned and blown up within twenty miles-of Santiago. The Furor and Pluton were destroyed within four miles of the port. Loss, one killed and two wounded. Enemy's loss probably several hundred from gun fire, explosions and drowning. About 1,300 prisoners, including Admiral Cervera, Tho man killed wss George E. Ellis, chief yeoman of tho Brooklyn.—SAMPSON." Gen. Miles sent the following dispatch to Gen. Shafter before the news of the destruction of the fleet: "Accept my hearty congratulations on the record made of magnificent fortitude, gallantry and sacrifice displayed in the dcsperiito fighting of the troops before Santiago. 1 realize the hardships, difficulties and sufferings, and am proud that amid those terrible scenes the troops illustrated such fearless and patriotic devotion to the welfare of our common country and lias. Whatever the results to follow their unsurpassed deeds of valor, the past is already a gratifying chapter of history. Expect to bo with you within one week with strong reinforcements. —MILES." Gen. Shaffer's reply Is as follows: "Maj.-Gen. Nelson A. Miles, command- Ing the army of the United States, Washinylon: "Headquarters Fifth army corps, near Santiago, July 3. "I thank you In the name of the gallant men I have the honor to command for splendid tribute of praise which you have accorded them. They bora themselves as American soldiers always have. Your telegram will be published to the regiments In the morning-. I feel that I am master of the situation and can hold the enemy for any length of time. I am delighted to know that you are coming, that you may see for yourself the obstacles which this army had to overcome. My only regret is the great number of gal- lunl souls who have given their lives for our country 1 .-; cause.—SHAFTER." Tuesday, July i>. The foreign consuls succeeded In having bpmbardment of Santiago postponed.—A cablegram from Admiral Dewey announcing the safe arrival of tho llrst fleet of transports Males that the Ladrone islands have been oueupiod by American troops from the transports. The admiral makes no mention of any change in the situation of affairs at Manila. Admiral Dewey also said: "On June 29 the Spanish war vessel Loyte came, out of u. river and surrendered to me, having exhausted ammuni- lion and food in repelling attacks by Insurgents. She had on board thirty-two officers and ninety-four men, naval and military." Tim I_,eyte has a battery of one three-ancl-a-lialf-lnch Hontorla gun and several two-and-scven-tenths-inch rapid flre guns. ,Tnly (f. Conference of Shafter nnO Sampson results in a ilf-clslon to await army vi-en- forcemcnts before bomhar'Ung Santiago. —Lieut. Hobson IP believed to now be free. as official reports show tho Spanish authorities had agreed upon his being exchanged yesterday. — The Spanish warship Alfonso XII. IH reported to h.avo been destroyed while trylriK to run the block- ado out of Havana.— Leaders 'In Spain think the time Is ripe to sue for peace, but the government derides to continue war. The pope is said to have been asked to week peace.— Wisconsin and Massachusetts volunteers are en route to re-enforce (It'll. Shatter and Illinois men are ready for the order to move. --(Mara Hnrton of the lied Cross tells President McKlnley wounded AmiTloiiii .soldiers lie on wet grounds at Slboney. Culm, because hospital aceommorlalloiifi arc iuadenuate.— Fourth expedition to Manila 1? expected to sail next Tuesday with 1,500 men of the regular army. — Resolutions annexing the Hawaiian islands to the United Statea were adopted by the senate. Thursday, July 7. Commodore Watson's squadron lius been ordered dekiehed from Admiral Sampson'^ Heel and is. expected to .start without do- liiy for III" .Spanish coast. Jt Is considered probable that n chase will be made for ('amara's lleot.— Gen. Miles left \Vaah- iiiKtim and will sail from Charleston for Santiago. Ho expects to reach there Monday and will assume active command of military operation;! In Cuba. — United States naval attache In London Informs President, McKlnley that Spain will sun for peace next week. — Lieut, llnljson and his companions art- exchanged and are now with the American army. The heroes were rceeiveil with great demoiitUr;i- tlons of Joy by the troops.— At HI Caney 1i>,unO destitute portions have assembled". being refugees from .Santiago.— Clara Barton .succors I lie sum-Inn; refugees from Santiago and pays a high tribute to the. American soldiers.— American troops under (Jen. Anderson are comfortably quar- lered at Cavite and awaiting re-enforoe- mcnt.x before attacking Manila.— The cruiser Philadelphia has been ordered to wall from Marc island to rul.se the United States flag over .Hawaii and receive the islands into tho union. Friday, July X. Ofllclals at Washington expect that sides showed they were on tire. But they turned their heads toward tho shore less than a mile away and ran them on the beach and rocks, where, their destruction was soon completed. Tho officers and men on board then escaped to the shore. aa well as they could, with the assistance of boats sent from the American men-of-war, and threw themselves upon the mercy of their captors, who not only extended to them the gracious hand of American chivalry, but sent them a guaJ'd to protect them from the murderous bands of Cuban soldiers hiding In tho bushes on the hillside, eager to rush down and attack the unarmed, defeated,, but valorous foe. One after another of the Spanish ships became the victims of the awful raJn. of shot anil shell which the American battleships, cruisers and gunboats poured upon them, and two hours after the first of the fleet had 1 started out of Santiago harbor three cruisers and two torpedo boat destroyers were lying on the shore ten to fifteen miles west of Morro- castle, poundir.g to pieces, nmoko and flames pouring fro.n every part of them and covering the entire coast line with' a mist which could be seen for miles. Heavy explosions of ammunition occurred every few minutes, sending dense white smoke a hundred feet In the air and casting n shower of broken Iron and steel out of the water on every side. The bluffs on the coast line repeated every shot and the Spanish vessels sank deeper and deeper into the sand or else tho rocks ground their mills to pieces as they rolled or pitched forward OB sideways. Spain will begin negotiations for peace in a few days. Important dispatcher! have been received with this end In view, and it is said that Spain has asked for a ten clays' truce for the purpose of considering her perilous situation.—General Shafter'n armistice with the Spaniards at Santiago has been extended until Saturday at jioon, imd an American telegraph operator has been sent to General Linares to permit him to open communication with Madrid in regard to surrendering.—Military precautions are tnken in Spain to prevent e.x- lected outbreaks. The government may make protests to arrest AVeyler. The .soldiers are disgusted with the condition of affairs, while the republicans have issued a circular, headed "Prepare!" Reports that Spain would suo for peace caused an advance in Spanish bonds.—Admiral Camara, with his fleet, which had passed through the Suez canal, has been ordered to return to Spain.—A Spanish privateer is reported cruising In British Columbian waters, ready to prey on vessels returning from Alaska with treasure.—Colonel Wood of the rough riders has beeil made brigadier general, and Lieut. Col. Roosevelt has been promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment.—Senator Cullom has been offered membership on the Hawaiian commission which will draft recommonda- tions on leg-filiation for the annexed ia- lands.—Congress adjourned sine die at 2 P. in. In the house there was a patriotic demonstration. DESTROYING CERVERA'S FLEET Admiral Cervera's fleet, consisting of tho armored cruisers Cristobal Colon, Al- mlrante Oquendo, Infanta Maria Teresa and Vizcaya and two torpedo boat destroyers with the Furor and the Pluton, which had been held in the harbor of Santiago for six weeks past by the combined squadrons of Rear Admiral Sampson and Commodore Sehley, lies to-day at the bottom of the Caribbean sea, off the southern coast of Cuba. They had tried to escape by running out of harbor at 9:30 Sunday morning, July 3. Tho Spanish admiral is a prisoner of war on the. auxiliary gunboat Gloucester (romerly Mr, J. Pierpont Morgan's yacht Corsair), and 1,000 to 1,500 other Spanish officers and sailors, all who escaped the frightful carnage caused by the shells from the American wurships, are also held as prisoners by the United States navy. The American victory was complete, and, according to the best information obtainable, the American vessels were practicably untouched and only one. man was killed, though Hie ships were subjected to the heavy lire of the. Spaniards all the time the battle lasted. Admiral Cervera made as gallant a rush for liberty and for the preservation of his ships as has ever occurred in the history o£ naval warfare. In trie face of overwhelming odds, with nothing before htm but inevitable, destruction or surrender if he remained longer in the trap in which the American fleet held him, he made a bold dash from the harbor at the time the Americans least expected him to do so. The Americans saw him tho moment he left tho harbor and, commenced their work of destruction immediately. For an hour or two they followed the flying Spaniards to the westward along tho ptiore line, sending shot after shot into the blazing hulls, tearing great holes in their steel sides and covering their decks with the blood of the killed and wounded. At no time did tho Spaniards show any indication that they intended, to <Jo otherwise than fight to the last. They showed no signals to surrender, even when their ghipa commenced to sink, and the great clouds of emote jjpurjug from their with oi-ery wave tbsat washed upon them from the sea. Admiral Cervera escaped to the shore in a boat sent by th« Gloucester to tho assistance of the Infanta Maria Teresa, ana as soon as lie touched the beach he surrendered himself arid bis command to Lieut. Morton, and asked to bo taken on board the Gloucester, whle-h was tho »nly American vessel near him at the time, with several of his officers, including the captain of tho flagship. The Spanish admiral, who was also wounded in the arm, was taken to the Gloucester and was received at her gangway by her commander, Lieut.-Com- mander Richard Wainwright, who grasped the hand of the gray-bearded admiral and said to him: "I congratulate you, sir, upon having made as gallant a tight as was ever witnessed on tho se-a." Lieut.-Commander AValnwright then placed his cabin at the disposal of the Spanish ofllcers. At that time the Spanish flagship and four old Spanish vessels had been aground and burning for two hours, and the only one escaping the fleet which could not be seen at this point was the Cristobal Colon. But half a dozen curls of smoko far down on the western horizon showed the fate that was awaiting her. WHAT WE HAVE ANNEXED IN HAWAII. The Hawaiian Islands, now a part of the United States, are made up of the islands of Hawaii, Oahu, Maul, Kauai, Lanai, Kahulane, Molokai, Nlhau, Kaula, and a number of small islets. The area of tho islands is 6,640 square miles, or about three times that of Delaware. According- to figures of two years ago .something over 105,000 souls were added to the, population of the United States and its territories by the annexation of the islands. Of the white and native population about one-third speak English. The Japanese number 25,000 and' the Chinese 16,000. There are 15,000 Portuguese in the islands and 6,000 Americans, while the British and German residents number 2,000 each. Late, figures on the native population give it as 30,000, but the natives are rapidly decreasing in number. Eight of the islands are fertile and susceptible to cultivation. The four largest —Hawaii, Maul, Oahu, and Kauai—are, particularly rich, abounding in land lilted for sugar, coffee, rice, and fruit raising. On Kauai ther are coffee plantations of aw,000 acres, and, next to sugar, which has always been the chief product of the Islands, the cultivation of coffee is looked upon as having rich possibilities. Rice ia also destined to hold important position among tho products. Ths islands have complete systems of public elementary education, and the en- lire population, \vlth Die exception of the Orientals and some of tho Portuguese, has had u training in the public schools. The harbor of Honolulu and Pearl harbor can be nmde impregnable from land and soa, and rendered the best naval stations in the world. Pearl harbor is six mile.s from the capital. Large tracts of government lands slill abound and are rapidly being opened for settlement. Practically all of the trade is with the United Statos. The exports lire JX.tiijii.Dim annually and the imports hiilf'thnt. The lustily of the islands begins with their discovery in 1778 by Captain Cook, who nnniKl them after his patron. Ihe Rarl of Kandwlch. Juan Gaetano.. a Spanish navlyator, is credited with having seen the island of Hawaii as early H.S I.TM, Civil troubles brnK" nut in the Islands In- 17PI. nuili-r KMni'.'h-ime.ha, who could not cope with tl'i" revolutionists and placed the islands under British protection. Americans illil not settle In the island* in any niimb-cr.-; until 1820, when a party of missionaries from the United States arrived. Th-* llrst treaty between Hawaii and the f'nlfed States was con- c'luded In IS2H. when- Commodore Jones vis- lied Honolulu. Ten yrarr, later Great DrlUin fHI in line vrilh a treaty. Friendly r,'lations «|u!ekly developed between Hie islands »tnl 1 heir nearest large neighbor, and when In 1851 France assumed a. ll'iivarenin-f nlUtude, the king of Hx>' Hawaiian is!arris drew up and signed ;n cimlingent dei"d ni' '-I'ssion of the is- 1-n-ndn: ro ll'ie l' : nl|ed HiMles and placed it sealed in the hands o! !he United States commissioner, who was to break the seal ami 1 net upon the' pni\ i:<ions ol! the deed the moment a lv..--»:1e .-hot was fired'by till'- Frel'leli.. <~.'n>iil Hn'laiii's flmv '! .ated over Hawaii for-live months in ln-li ln.-eau.se of a-fraudulent claim by a Hrltlsh HUbject named Oarlton, but l-h«' liritlsh Jack was hauled' down as soon as the fraud was established. Annexation of the Islands to- the United Slates was agitated In Hawaii as. ear.ly as 185'j, and the question has come up at various times ever since. The recent revolution and the overthrow of the- monarchy are matters of today's- hlsloay. GREELY OBLIGES BLANCO, Cervc-ra's report to General Blanco, nnent his inglorious defeat was much commented upon arid revealed a peculiar state of affairs with regard to the Interruption of cable eommunlcatlin between Havana and Santiago. In connection! with the Iransmlssion of Cers'era/'s report to Madrid Blanco incidentally was compelled, literally speaking, to kneel, befors General Greely, chief of the signal service. Cervera submitted his report to- Oalonel .James Allen, signal ofticei! at Playa del Kste. for transmission to General Blanco, but in view of the desertion of the- English operators of their posts at Santiago the Spanish captain general had; no means of telegraphing the report to Madrid. In consequence he tapped the keys of the telegraph in his 1 lavana mansion and called up Captain J. 13. Sa-wyw, press censor at Key West, who has kept the oable betwen Havana and Florida closed since the destruction of the Maine. Blanco asked Captain Sawyer if lie would kindly send Ce.rvera,'s report on its journey to Madrid, but the signal officer replied it would be necessary to secure General Greely's consent. Blanco accordingly requested Captain Sawyer to transmit a dlspaleh to General Greely, in which he asked with much profundity for tho necessary jnerniisslon. General Greely instantly complied with Blanco's request and instructed Captain Sawyer to send the report. "T thought T would let Blanco send Cervera's report over our wire," remarked General Gveely to the writer, ".since it would serve to clear up the confusion in the minds of the Spanish officials about the present whereabouts of the Spanish fleet. And then, too. Cervera's report contains nothing detrimental to the aill- itary or naval interests of the Un-ited States." The balloon service lias been rendered useless by a perforation by a Spajilsh. bullet, which allowed the gas to escape. Colonel Maxfield notified General Greely of this fact today.Gas tubes arrived in New York this afternoon from London, which will be promptly sent to Santiago. In these tubes it is possible to compress 150 cubic feet of hydrogen gas in the space of ono foot. Colonel Maxlleld has ft gen- orator, and when the tutus reach him the balloon service will again be in operation. I>isui>i70liitecl with Cuban*. It is said the administration Is heartily disappointed with the insurgents, with Garcia',s failure to oppose Pando's march into Santiago, and with the refusal of his men to assist the commissary department of the Invading- army and the engineer corps when they were requested to aid In clearing; roads for the transportation of artillery. It is pointed out by army officials that the insurgents seem to concern themselves with little save the food provided them by Shafter, of which they are likely to bo deprived unless they mend their ways. The Commencement, "Why do you call it commencement when folks get through golug to school? It seems to me that's a misnomer." "Oh, no; they just commence to realize after they get through what a soft snap they've been having." Tnt So Tired!" As tired ih! ttie morning: as wttea I go to bed! Why is it? Simply- because your blood 1 ia in such a pocn^ thin, Bluggish condition it does not keep up your strength and you do •nob' get the benefit of, jM»ur sleep. To feel 1 strong and keep strong just try the tonic and purifying effects of Hood's Sarsaparllla. Otirword foe-it, 'twill do Hood's Sarsaparilla Is America's Greatest Medlcfne. Hood'it Pills cure all Liver Hid,;. 25 cents. OP IM-TEHEST TO: AVc rarc'ly Hko tltc virtues, we have not. — Shakespeare. Tlie, yovo.ra intent lias contracted for 3;iOU.<K>!M>UO'\vortli of uiatcrinl. Prior- to Hie win- the anmtal net revenue ot''(''nb:i was $SO,000,'000. Gallant G'sfp^iiit Oinroii went to his (loath in Culm, on his birthday. Jbife is ful I of s-tran«;e coincidences, One- of tho Younger brothers, the once- famous desperadoes, is no\v a inc.inhor of JSoosevelt's Koiigh Riders. 1'ruf. von Xcnkcr, who- in 1800 first discovered' tho trichina disease, died rc'iiently in- Mecklenburg afc the age of i •>. TJlio-.Hi;p:inesc do not care much for novels, Among 27,000 mow books printed l;ist year only-462'wcre works of ilutiom. Slit!' — The. fact that I' am n widow (loosn'fc muko any difference, does it? He-— Yes. J wouldn't 1 marry you if your husband was living. Telegraph wires willi last for forty yoai's near the seashore; In the man- ufacburing districts tliO' same wires w.illlusu only ten yoni'a, and sometimes less. The recent doathiof Hi Hung Chang's. fiithor-in-Jiuv. Gen. Yiiilg 1 , recalls the- fact thin t that oftlcial was condemned! to death some year. 1 *. ikg'-e» for. pcculatioiii on a large scale. According to the-J'oston Traveler, a> Miss WiMwood, .'.'.Tyenars.old, who two- years ago was a stcnogirwphcr, is now the richest cotl'oe planter in the- Hawaiian island*. A Berlin inventor li-n-s discovered ai process for malting writing paper that will not burn, lie- has also invented! St peculiar ink thai) resists the action of fire and remains upon the paper as- at dark brown sediment. A hath with- COSMO BUTTERMILK SOAP, exquisitely scented, is soothing; andl beneficial. Sold everywhere. Flour, pressed! i'-nto bricks, is in> use in the army to facilitate transportation. Ectncnre Ycra-r- Rowela CnnUy Cathnrtlc. euro constipation forover. lOo, 2ie. 11 c. G. C. luU diucKisis rotund money. The Hjost violent thunder stoams are experienced in French Guiana. THE EXCELLENCE OF SYRUP OF FIGS is due not only to the originality and simplicity of the combination, but also to tho care ana skill with which it is manufactured by scientific processes known to the CALIFOBNIA. FIG SYBDP Co. only, and \ve wish to impress upon all the importance of purchasing 1 the ', true and original remedy. As the genuine Syrup of Figs is manufactured ' by the CALIFORNIA FIG SYKUP Co, ( only, a knowledge of that fact will! assist one in avoiding the worthless, imitations manufactured by other par-, ties. The high standing of the CALX* FOBNIA FIG Svjtup Co. with the medical profession, and the satisfaction which the genuine Syrup of Figs has given to millions of families, makes j the name of the Company a guaranty j of the excellence of its remedy. It is far in advance of all other laxatives, as it acts on the kidneys, liver and bowels without irritating- or weaken- ' ing them, and it does not gripe nor nauseate. In order to get its beneficial effects, please remember the name of the Company — CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO. SAN PIC AN CISCO, Cal. , Ky. NEW YORK. N, Y. Bevel-Gear" Ghainless Bicycle $125 Clean. Swift. Safe. Columbia Chain Wheels, $75. Hartford Bicycles, $50. Vedette Bicycles, $40 and $35. POPE MFG. CO., Hartford. Conn, AYS THE BEST SCALE, JONES OF BINQHAMTON. N« V. Or, Kay's Lung 1 or coughs, colds' and tlu-out disease,

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