BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 146 Blythevlile Courier Blytheville Dally New§ Mlwlwlppl Valley Leader' Blytheville Herald TH« DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Ike's Tie With Labor Ended Durkin's Exit Cuts Uneasy Political Honeymoon Short "• By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON (AP) — An uneasy political honeymoon between President Eisenhower and organized labor appeared ended today with the abrupt and angry resignation of Martin P. Durkin as secretary of labor. Durkin, a union leader and Democrat, quit his Cabinet pos with a charge that the Eisenhowe administration had broken ai agreement with him on recommen dations to be made in changing th< controversial Taft-Hartley laboi law. Presidents George Meany of the AFL and Walther Reuther of the CIO quickly sided with Durkin and * * * President To Delay Filling Posts Court Vacancy , Awaits Return To Washington By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER (AP) — The summer White House indicated today that President Eisenhower won't name a chief justice to succeed Fred M. Vinson until after he returns to Washington. Present plans call for the President to end his Colorado vacation Sept. 18 or 19. At the same time, Murray Snyder, assistant presidential press secretary, told newsmen he had no information whatever on when Eisenhower may, name a successor to MartfnjPmt&n, who : : *^Ifcned yesterday as secretary of ftbor'.atid charged that the administration ran out on pledges to change the Taft-Hartley Act. Eisenhower arrived at his Lowry Air Force Base office shortly after 8 a. m. (MST), and started work on a big batch of official papers which he brought with him from Washington yesterday. The President was in the capital for a few hours to attend funeral services for Vinson who died of a heart attack Tuesday. While there he also accepted Durkin's resignation. Vice President Nixon flew back to Denver with the President and was scheduled to confer with him later today. After the conference, the President and 'the vice president plannsd a round of golf at Cherry Hills Country Club. They were to be joined there by the President's son, Maj. John Eisenhower, who arrived here last accused Eisenhower of failing to live up to promises made to organized labor. There was no comment from Eisenhower, outside of a letter accepting Durkin's resignation and praising his service as secretary. "It has long been a tradition in the labor movement that once an agreement is reached the parties abide by it," Meany said. "Mr Durkin is schooled in that tradi tion. He resigned because he could not continue serving on a team where agreements are not kept.' (See Related Story on Pafe 12) night after 14 months of active au.y in Korea. Nixon and Eisenhower, together with a group of presidential aides, reportedly discussed both the court and labor posts In Washington and it appeared likely they would continue the discussion today. There were indications, too, that Len W.Hall, chairman of the Republican National Committee, had joined in the talk of a successoi to Durkin. Hall also flew to Denvei See IKE on Page 5 Many and Heuther and their organizations, as did most of the rest of organized labor's leaders, supported Democrat Adlai Stevenson against Eisenhower In last fall's presidential elections, one by choosing Durkin, a staunch After his landslide victory, El- senhower surprised nearly every- Democrat and president of the AFL's plumbers union, for the labor Cabinet post. Durkin himself expressed surprise and the late Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) called the appointment "incredible," The selection was widely regarded as an effort by the new administration to woo union support, since they had comprised the largest single segment of the country opposed to the Republicans. This opposition came mainly Tom union leaders. It was apparent from the size of the Eisenhower vote that many workers, includ- ng many union members, had voted Republican. With Durkin's appointment most jnion leaders adopted a "wait and attitude toward the new ad- ninistration. The statements of Meany and Heuther, accusing the administration of breaking faith . labor, seemed to ndlcate a parting oithe ways'.' The 58-year-old Durkin told a packed news conference late yes* erday he had submitted his resignation Aug. 31, ten days earlier, he became conivnced the administration had "broken" commit- nents with him on proposed :hanges in the Taft-Hartley law. "I feel they are not going to arry those agreements out," Durkin said. "In fact, I was told o." He talked it over with Eisen- lower, now back in Denver after one-day return here, in a half- hour conference yesterday morning. He said Eisenhower asked him to stay on. but he refused. Asked whether he would have remained had Eisenhower changed his views about the T-H proposals, Durkin replied, "I think so." Durkin said he had reached agreement on proposed T-H changes with White House aides HERE COMES REDI — A defensive guard's eye- view of Red Childress as he will appear tonight at Haley Field when Blytheville's Chickasaws raise the curtain on their 1853 grid season. Guests will be Os- ceola's Seminoles, who'll be renewing an old rivalry Kickoff time is 8 o'clock. (See story on Page 6) (Courier News Photo) Inside Today's Courier News . . . Church News . . . Page 2 . . . . . , Society News . . . Page 4 ... . . . Chicks Open Season With Osceola Tonight . . . Missco Gridders in Action . . . Sports . . . Pages 6 and 7 ... . . . Can We Afford Savings in Defense? . . . Editorials . . . Page 8 .... . . . Farm News . . . Page 9 ... Weather ARKANSAS —Generally fair tonight and Saturday; no important change in temperature. MISSOURI—Generally fair north* west, partly cloudy east and south with few scattered light showers tonight; Saturday generally fair except few widely scattered showers extreme southeast, Maximum yesterday—98. Minimum yesterday—57. Sunrise tomorrow—5:40. Sunset today—6:12. Precipitation last 24 hours to 6:30 p, rn. yesterday—none. Mean temperat _• (midway between high and lowl—77.5. Precipitation .Ian. 1 to date—32.79. This Date Last. Year Minimum yesterday—67. Maximum yesterday—92. P'-rlpitntlon J...aniry I to date— .17.08. he assumed had Eisenhower's authority to take such action. He said they included Bernard Shanley and Gerald Morgan, two members of Eisenhower's staff. The President attended one negotiating meeting on the matter, Durkin said, and he assumed Eisenhower "had agreed" to the suggested amendments later worked out. Durkin told newsmen he was uncertain whether Eisenhower had ever personally approved of the proposed amendments. He carefully refrained from accusing Eisenhower personally of breaking any agreement, but said; "It was our belief that the Pres- Sce LABOR on Page 5 Water Rate Hearings To Be Resumed Oct. 14 The Public Service Commission has set Oct. 14 as the date for a resumption of hearings on the three-year-old request of BlytheviUe Water Company fpr higher rates. During the past three years o inconclusive hearings the water co. mpany has been collecting the higher rates. They posted an indemnity bond to Insure refunds in case the PSC does not make the increase permanent. The higher rates went into effect May 4, 1950. The increases would add some $43,000 to the utility's annual income. The rate hike has been sought on the basis of Increased costs of Labor and materials. The City of Bltheville and some civic organizations here filed protests to the increases and brought about a series of public hearings which have been drawn out even longer than the Bell Telephone rate hearings. When the renewed hearings be- William Oat is' Story of Czech Imprisonment to Be Told Soon NEW YORK W — "That's not quite the way it was —" William N. Oatis, AP correspondent freed by the Czechs after two years' imprisonment, was discussing an angle of his own story, soon to appear in the Courier News. An editor, as editors will, had suggested that perhaps a certain passage in Oatis' original draft was too long. Couldn't it be abridged by saying such-and-such? "No," says Bill Oatis, "That's not quite the way it was." He was insisting that his own story be, in every fact, his own story. He insisted on that throughout the several weeks he was at work on the series of articles. Oatis started preliminary work on the story while he was still undergoing medical treatment. Doctors suspected he had tuberculosis, aggravated by months in jail cells ,hat many times were cold in winter. First he was forbidden to work; then the doctors said he could work one hour a day—no more. No Note* "But they can't keep me from thinking the other 23 hours," he sa'rt ,11 l h n time. Many of Ihose hours he spent searching his mem- ory along the tortuous route he had followed. He had brought no notes out of prison. He had only his own reporter-trained memory to go by. There were things to look into, too, Oatis needed detailed maps of the Prague area, to orient himself. He had to study the transcript of the trial as it had been prepared by observers for the U. S. State Department (which denounced his trial as a travesty of justice). He Wanted also to see the texts of some tf the Czech laws that ostensibly provided the basis ol the case against him. He referred frequently to a Czech dictionary, and called upon his own language. All of this time Oatis was, in effect, back In prison, He could look out at the trees on the nearby Westchester hills, but not venture among them. Doctor's orders. Dictated Material Finally, after a month's treatment, the tests all showed negative. Oatts came down a broad highway alongside the Hudson River, one sunny afternoon, and toolc up life In a Manhattan apartment. There he was able in buckle down to serf""- v">~ir m b>- °itr" In the Set OATIS on rate I gan Oct. 14. it will have been exactly one year since they were resumed in 1952. Recently the water company filed with the PSC a report claiming that operation under the old rates would result in a deficit of form $4,519 to $8,660. King Cotton 'Uniform' Eyed Blue Jeans, Cotton Shirts to Be Style For Contest Dates Blyfheville Man, Hit by Switch Engine, Dies John J. Parish, 94, Is Fatally Injured; Services Yesterday A 94-year-old Blytheville man who was fatally injured when struck by a Frisco switch engine here Tuesday was buried in Jonesboro yesterday. He was John J. Parish, who died in Blytheville Hospital Tuesday afternoon after being hit by a locomotive that morning. Frisco Railway officials said the accident occurred about 275 feet south of the Cherry Street crossing. How the accident happened is still under investigation by Frisco officials, they said. Mr, Parish suffered a head injury when hit by the locomotive. Members of his family announced his ieath this morning. Services were conducted in Jonesboro yesterday with burial in Pine Uniform of the day will be cotton blue jeans and cotton shirts when Hi " 'P'™""? t . hc . re - . ., ., Survivors include his wife, Mrs. of BlytheviUe; two the National Cotton Picking Contest gets rolling on Oct. 1. At least, that's the plan of the Merchants Division of Chamber of Commerce which is working on a .pecial King Cotoon Days promotion to tie in with the world-famous contest. 3. c. Edwards, division chairman, today announced that Mrs. E. P. Kerbough will lead the committee 'or KCD activities. First meeting of the group Is to be Emma Parish daughters, Mrs. Ella Boone of Williford, 'Ark., and Mrs. Oscar Culbertson of Jonesboro; and one son, George F. Parish of Blytheville. conimand of the Couple Injured In Auto Accident South of Joiner J. H. Richardson, Jr., son of the Rev. J. H. Richardson of Blytheville, and his wife, Deloras, were in- 2:30 p. m. Monday- Other members! Jured in an automobile accident include Jack Owen, Walter Manser I aboiu ' 10 mlles sollth "' Jolnci ' on Norwood Courtney, Mrs. Earl Ko-i ghw8y 61 yeste'Tlay afternoon, onlz, R. L. Wade, Jr Mrs Rene' , Mrs ' R1 <* a >'<i™'> received serious head lacerations and bruises while Red Newsman Admits Allied Airmen Still Held By SAM SUMMEKLW PANMUNJOM (AP) — A Red source admitted today for the first time that the Communists are holding back some Allied war prisoners who want to go home. A Communist correspondent, Wilfred Burchett, said a crack U. S. jet. pilot and an undisclosed number of other Allied airmen are being held as special prisoners because the Communists say they were shot down over Manchuria — forbidden territory to Allied pilots in the Korean War. A repatriated American A Force major, David F. MacGhe of Tampa, Fla., said earlier th week he had learned from an "ex tremely reliable" Chinese Red tha the Communists planned to inter 22 U. S. fliers in Manchuria "un the United States recognizes (Rec China. 1 ' Allied officers have said unoff dally there may be other airme still held by the Communists an one source said the number totale about 35. Burchett of the Paris L'Human He, who often reflects official Re thinking, said one of the prison ers is double jet ace, Capt. Harol E. Fischer Jr. of Swea City, Iowa Burchett said release of the air men would have to be negotiate through "diplomatic channels" bu he did not elaborate. The Allied Command demande Wednesday that the Reds accou for about 3,500 allied troops—944 o them Americans—who were know- once to be prisoners, but who wer not released In the recent PO\ exchange. The Communists have indicate they would reject the demand, bu have not said when Uiey woul reply officially. Fischer, who ' disappeared las April 7, became one of the hottes pilots in Korea by scorning his ra dar gunslght and shooting dowi Bed MIG jets like ducks. ' The Red Peiping radio said Apr! the 27-year-old flier was cap tured after being shot down in a dogfight over Manchuria. His wing man last saw him battling a Red 'ighter near the Yalu River bound ary of Manchuria. Reds On Spot The Reds obviously were on a spot in the Fischer case—they pre 'iously had said they sent back all Allied prisoners who wanted tc 10 home, yet their official Peiping adio had admitted he was cap Meanwhile, the first of "14,700 Chinese war prisoners who h enounced communism arrived ii he Korean neutral zone shaking heir fists and shouting, "Death to he Communists," at Red observ- rs. Nearly 1,000 anti-Communist Cht- ese entered the newly-built stock- des at the sprawling "Indian Vil- tge" near Panmunjom, > where ley will be guarded by Indian roops. Most, wore undershirts stamped ith the Chinese Nationalist sun- urst flag. Many were tattooed r ith anti-Communist slogans. The prisoners filed one by one hrough barbed wire lines and were ngerprinted by the Indians. U.N. and Communist observers matched the operation. An interpreter said the captives HEADS TOASTMA.STERS — 3 aul Hughes last night was named resident of Blytheville's Toast- lasters Club, succeeding Gil :mythe. Other new officers in- lude Worth Holder, vice presi- ent; J. P. Garrott, secretary, 5lck Payne, treasurer, and Bill 'rabovsky, sergeant - at - a r m s. Courier News Photo) shouted: "We will go back to the China mainland and kill Mao (Premier Mao Tse Tung of Red China)" and "crush the stooges and running dogs of Russia" and "We are determined to go to Formosa." The interpreter said some of the language was too strong to be printed. The Indian soldiers had to grab some prisoners by the shoulders to quiet them. The Allies are turning over to the five-nation repatriation commission 14,700 Chinese and about 8,000 North Koreans who have refused to return to their homelands. The Communists have said they would turn over about 300 Koreans and about 20 non-Koreans—mostly Americans—whom they claim have refused repatriation. Nine Ask to Go Home' An Indian spokesman said the Reds have made no official report but they may turn over these men See REDS on Page 5 Army Charges: McCarthyReleased Secret Information WASHINGTON (AP) — The Army said today Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) disclosed restricted information — a violation of law — when he released excerpts from an intelligence report on Siberia. " h McCarthy showed reporters photographic copies of 70 pages of the 75-page document on Wednesday, contending it smacked o "clear cut Communist propaganda." McCarthy acted as chairman d the Senate investigations subcommittee which has been looking into army security. In a statement, the Army said that the document was Intended for limited distribution to intelligence officers "to develope understanding of the Soviet people which will be military useful in case of war." "It is obvious," the statement continued, "that the necessary instruction of officers and men in this field cannot proceed without;' attempting to enter the mind and thought processes of the Soviet ci- Extended Cotton Research Urged NCC Director Says Work Needed to Keep Pace with Synthetics Those Interested In cotton must support a vastly expanded research proram, designed to keep pace with the research programs of the syn thetic fiber industry. These were the words of Claude Welch, director of production and marketing division of National Cotton Council, Memphis, when he spoke to Blytheville's Rotary Club yesterday. Mr. Welch read excerpts from a DuPont Co., official's speech which ndicated DuPont Is spending $15 million each year on fiber research. "Including all the research done by the Agriculture Extension Serv- ce, seed companies, chemical companies and other purely fiber research, cotton is getting only about 12 milJion fo this important field etich year," Mr. Welch stated. The difference, hfi said is rendl- apparent when Lowered cost of synthetics is studied. "They have lowered the cost of nost snthetic fibers steadily .. . 'jven in the face of constantly ris- ng overhead. "Whether we like it or not, we are n a research race with big industry ind they are going to spend millions iach year," he pointed out- Rotarian Kemper Bruton intro- iuced Mr. Welch. Guexte at the meeting included "ohn Prowers, San Marcos, Tex.; '. D. Buehl, Memphis; Moses Sli- nan, Luxora; R. Lee Praser, Mc- :rory, and Grady Burton, West Memphis. .awyers Wield Brushes On Haley Field Benches Both Osceola and Blythevitle .earns will sit on newly-painted ranches tonight, thank.* to a cou- of early-rising BlytheviUe awyers. S. (Pop) Mosley, school main- -enanee supervisor and patriarch of BlytheviUe football, reported lat A. S. (Todd) Harrison and >rother Max have been on the ob before 6 a.m. the last couple of mornings. They have painted the Chickasaw bench maroon and have given u he visitors' bench two coats of white paint. Lizen." The Army statement contended McCarthy had withheld from his releases sections which would have made clear the document was not Communist propaganda. It said the conclusion, on pages 74 and 75 of the original document, declared in part that the soviet citizen lives and works almost like convict. These pacccs were not released by the senator. In Honolulu, retired Col. R. S. Bratton. who signed a preamble to the intelligence training report, said lie was willing to return to Washington to testify about it '-'if necessary, and if so ordered by the proper authority, in this case the JJ. S. Army" He declined to comment further. McCarthy said that, as a st&p to a broad scale investigation of the matter, he wants the Army to tell him who wrote the report and ordered its distribution, principally in the Far East. Meanwhile, the Army announced yesterday that Maj. Gen. Miles Re- bcr is being transferred to Germany. Reber refused last Tuesday to tell McCarthy who gave security clearances to Army employes the senator contended' were Communists. The Army said it was a routine assignment for the 51-year- old West Pointer. Poerz Oil Co. Plans $50,000 Conoco Station G. O. Poetz, owner of Poetz Oil Co-, announced today that his firm has become the wholesale agency here for Conoco products. Mr. Poetz said work will begin immediately on a S50 COO service station to he located on the northeast corner of the intersection of Ash and Division Streets. Chimps, Dummies, Acrobats Booked for Fair , George, W. P. Pryor, G. G. Hubba T «,.,.» »i! Mr - Richardson Lajne, Al bruises'. and Alvln ca] . received only b( , hlnd „ Jr.. Fay Austin, John Boyle, Fred Sandefur Hardy. »,. ] truck that stopped quickly, causing The promotion, as tentative plans, Mr. Richardson to swerve to miss stand, is to begin one or two days i the truck. The Richardson car left prior to the contset, which will make it about a four-day event. One feature will be a window decoration contest, in which merchants will carry out cotton themes and compete for a trophy and prize money. Other members are expected to be named to he committee, Mr. Edwards said, the highway and rolled into the field, causing considerable damage to the car. They received first aid treatment In Wilson and were brought la the Blytheville Hospital where Mrs. Richardson received treatment (or the cut on her head. Both were dismissed from Ihe hospital yr-stprday and are staying with t Mr.' Rlchardeon'i parents. Chimps, dummies, acrobats and Jugglers are in the line-up of performers who will stage free grandstand shows at Walker Park during the Northeast Arkansas District Fair here Sept. 22 through Sept. 27. 'Itie grandstand shows will be free to fair spectators this year, and tickets for them may be obtained from merchants who advertise In tho fair catalog or who set up exhibition booths at the fairgrounds. These tickets may be obtained either at the stores or their display booths, Robert E. Blaylock, secretary of the Mississippi County Fair Association, said. Hfrc's the line-up of performers for |hn ni"ndst,ind shows: CLAY BECKETT — An aerial artir.t who performs on a self- propelled loop swing. This counter-balanced apparatus is maneuvered by the weight of the performer. Beckct does juggling, rope-skipping and dance routines atop the rig's big wheel. He also rides a bicycle around this loop. BOB MCELROY — A ventriloquist who works with four dummies instead of just one. In addition to the singing and talking dummies, McElroy's act incliKies an audience participation angle in which he uses spectators as live "dummies." PAMELA AND LOUISE — Acrobatic comediennes who make a fast switch from acrobatics and balancing to fisticuffs. In addition to a boxing match, Uleir act burlesques the field of acro- balir.s and balancing. CRAIG'S CHIMPS — A trio of chimpanzees who have been trained in the routines of wire- walking, barrel-rolling, rope-skipping and ladder balancing. MISS LONI — Who earns her pay by lying down on the job. A juggler, Miss Loni reverses the usual routine by using her feet instead of her hands. While flat on her back, she keeps a variety of objects either balanced or in motion with her feet. VERNON AND BUMPY — A father and son combination which performs a variety of balancing acts. Bumpy, who Is eight yenrs old, has toured fair circuits with his f?'her for three and one-half years.
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