The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on June 1, 1898 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, June 1, 1898
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OFP1B Dis IOWA WltWSTUBDAY JtTNE i. 1898, MANAGING RAILROADS INTERESTING DISCUSSION OF A BIG SUBJECT. M. 33. In^nlls, Prcfttdcnt of the fitg four Kallroad, Presents Some Important Facts That Will interest All. Hon. M. E. Ingalls, one of the greatest authorities on railway matters, read a highly valuable paper at the recent convention of railway commissioners held in Washington, D. C. His Wise words will be read with interest toy all. The convention was called for the purpose of considering questions of great interest both to the railways and the people of the United States. Members of the Association of American Railway Accounting Officers were also present and were invited to take part in the discussion, Chas. J. Lindley of Illinois, was chairman of the convention. Ohio was represented by Railroad Commissioner R. S. Kahler and Chief Clerk Ed H. Archer. P. A. Hewitt, auditor of the Big Four, was one of the railway accountants present. Mr. Ingalls' address is here given as being a semi-official expression of the views held by railway managers generally, and as being also of general interest to the public at large: "Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen: I am •very much obliged for tljls opportunity of addressing- you. I understand I have In my audience the members of the Interstate commerce commission and the gentlemen composing: the various railway HON. M. D. INGALLS, PRESIDENT OT T1IJ3 "BIG FOUR." commissions of the different states. It Is a body that Is supposed to stand as an arbiter between railroads and the people, as a friend o[ both; a body that ought to and docs have great Influence, and especially in reference to legislation regarding railroads. If this audience should agree upon any legislation In that respect that was needed, I presume there would be no difficulty In Inducing yonder congress to enact it Into law, and believing as I do that It is essential to the public Interest to secure legislation, I am pleased to have this opportunity of presenting my views and endeavoring to enlist you In the reforms which I think are so vital. We have reached a crisis in railway management when something 1 must be dono If we would avoid disaster, not alona to the railways, but to the material Interests of our country. "For 30 years a contest has been waged In legislatures, in congress, and before the courts, by the people on one side who believed that railways were public corporations and subject to control by the power that created them; and, on the other hand, by officials of the railways, who did not believe that such control wus legal or practicable. State after state asserted Us right. Those rights were contested from one court to another, and decided from time to time always In favor of the people, under certain restrictions. It finally culminated In 1S87 In the enactment of the Interstate commerce law, and since then there has been hardly a day when some provision of that law was not under consideration by the courts or by cpngress, until now we may stato It Is an (airly settled by the highest courts In the land that the legislatures of the states have control over railways with reference to their local business, subject to certain conditions, and that the congress of the United States• has the power to regulate interstate business. The supreme court of the United States, which is the highest arbiter of these differences, has juot decided that such control of the states, or regulation, must be reasonable, and that rates cannot be reduced below a profit where the railroads can earn their expenses and a fair return upon their cost. "Railway managers had accepted the situation, and were endeavoring to obey the interstate commerce law and adapt their management to it when, In March, 1897, a decision was rendered by the supreme court which produced chaos and destroyed all agreements. It was practically that the Sherman anti-trust law, so-called, which It had not been supposed applied to railways, did apply to them, and under the construction of that law by the court It was practically impossible to make any agreements or arangements for the maintenance of tariffs. In the case brought against the Joint Traffic association in New York, this view has been combated by the railways and it may be modified by the courts. "It is well, perhaps, that we should iook the situation fairly in the face, and while I do not care to be an alarmist, I feel bound to describe plainly to you the condition today, so that you may understand the necessity for action. Never In the history of railways have tariffs been BO little respected as today. Private arrangements and understandings are more plentiful than regular rates. The larger shippers, the Irresponsible shippers, are obtaining advantages which must sooner or later prove the ruin of the smaller and more conservative traders, and In the end will break up many of the commercial houses in this country and ruin the railways. A madness seems to have seized upon some railway managers, and a large portion of the freights of the country Is being carried at prices far below cost. Other than the maintenance of tariffs the condition of the railways is good; their physical condition has been improved; their trains are well managed, and the public Is well served. If a, way can be found by which tariffs can be maintained and the practice of secret rebates and private contracts discontinued, the future will have great promise for railway investors, railway employes and the public generally. And here I wish to say that this is not a question which concerns railway Investors alone. lit It was, you might say, 'let them fight it out.' It concerns over and above everyone else, the great public, One-fifth of our people aro interested directly in railways, either as employes or employes of manufactories that are engaged In furnishing supplies to the railways. Can any body politic prosper it one-fifth of Us number is engaged In a business that la loelntf money? The railways serve the publip |« so many ways that their prosperity i» closely interwoven with the prosperity R nd comfort of the ordinary people. One thousand millions of dollars were paid out last year by the railway* from their earnings to employes of manufactories In this country; 511,000.000 Of passengers were carried; 13,000 million* were carried one mile; 765,000,000 of tons of freight were moved; 95,000 millions of tons were moved one mile. Do you think that any Interest performing such Immense service as this can be in difficulty and the balance of the country not feel It? Forty millions of dollars were paid out for public taxes. Over three thousand millions of dollars that have been invested In railways have earned no dividend for years. This is not 'water', as somo populist orator will say, but good, honest money. These securities are held all through the land, and their failure to pay any return has brought dlsjjracft upon us abroad and suffering and want In many a family and community at home. ******* "One of the chief difficulties with the law as it stands today Is that the punishment for private contracts and rebates Is entirely out of proportion to the offense. The Imprisonment clause was put In as an amendment to the Interstate commerce law, and I believe tho commission and everyone who has watched Its work- Ings will agree with me that It has been a failure; more than a failure, that it has caused perhaps more demoralization than anything else. The public has not believed In it; It has been Impossible to secure conviction; It has prevented the railway official who desired to bo honest from complaining of his competitor whom ho thought was dishonest. In fact, It has been what every law is that Is not supported by public sentiment—a failure. What, In fact, Is the manner of conducting business today? Tho railway official who desires to be honest and law-abiding sees traffic leave his line and finds the freight that he was carrying hauled to the warehouse of his rival, the earnings of his line decreasing and complaints from the management of loss of earnings, and In tho distance ho sees looming up the loss of his position. At the same time, the shipper who desires to obey the law sees some rival selling merchandise to his customers at prices he cannot meet, and ho knows very well that he Is securing concessions from some railway to enable him to do this. The railway agent and the shipper who wish to obey the law sit down together and look It over. What relief is there for them? They can complain of their rivals, possibly convict them under the Interstate commerce law'and send them to the penitentiary, but such action would bring down upon them the condemnation of tfle public and would ruin their business; for, as I stated before, the public does not believe In this severe feature of the law, and will not support anyone who enforces it. The result is, these men, In despair, are driven to do just what their opponents are doing—they become lawbreakers themselves. I have drawn no fancy picture; It Is what la occurring every day around you. "Is It wise, Is It broad statesmanship, to leave a business as largo as that o£ the railways—one In which one-fifth, at least, of our population Is engaged, one which affects the comfort and happiness of nine-tenths of the people—is it wlso to leave It outsldo of tho law? It Is said that tho most ' expensive occupation to tho community is that of the burglar, ho has to spend so much time and destroy so much to get so little. Is It worth while to force the great railway Interests of the country into the same position? "Who opposes this legislation? Flr«t, certain people who desire the government to own and operate the railways. Second, others who wish that tho Interstate railway commission should make all rates. Third and lastly, certain railway managers who are opposed to any and all legislation and who object to any control, and believe that they should be left entirely alone. «***»** "All of us who have any interest In our country, who desire Its prosperity, are Interested In tne solution of this great question. It is not a time for the demagogue to howl about corporations. It is not a time to talk about the wrongdoings of railway managers. There are always some, in any business, who will not do right, and there always will be, but the great mass of railway managers to-day, I assure you, are as honestly seeking a solution of this question as are you or any member of the legislative body. I believe I voice the belief of a very largo majority of them that the two provisions I have mentioned are necessary and will lead to the settlement of this question. If this body will Join and heartily Indorse this course and work for it, its accomplishment can be attained. Wo have unwittingly in this country applied to railway laws that It was never intended should be applied to transportation companies of this nature. We have gone back and taken decisions that were wise a hundred years ago, when civilization was in Its infancy and when the masses needed certain protection, and have endeavored to apply these same principles to the great transportation Interests of modern times. The courts, unfortunately, have followed In that line. Every business man, every statesman, knows that It Is a mistake, that wo have here an Immense Interest such as the world has never seen, and tho principles which should govern It must be worked out in harmony with tho age and the needs of this country, There should be no friction between tho interstate commerce commission and the railways; there should bo none between the state commissions and tho railways. There has been too much of a feeling with these bodies that the railways were against P. A. HEWETT. them. In the contest with railways, In the .courts, the commissioners have drifted away somewhat from the ground they outfht to stand on; that is, they should bo the friends o£ tho railways Instead of their enemies, and should aid In securing tho proper legislation, and tha railways, in turn, should give their support to make such legislation effective, 1 believe It can be done in no better way than by the tvuo method I have pointed out. First, (tie change of the criminal section; second, authority to contract and divide business. Either one of them would be of great advantage, but wo ought to have both. There also should be such legislation as will give more force to the recommendations and orders of the Interstate commerce commission- era. Instead of trying to break down tho commission the railway officials should try to build it up, should wake the commission its aid and use it a* a bulwark of strength in congress and In the states to beat back the tide of populism that 1* rising continually against them. Storming oi tie Forts at San Juan Accurate Description of the Naval Victory at Porto Pirn'o K1CO S Early in the morning of May 12 Rear Admiral Sampson's ships approached San Juan, the American consul at Cape Haytien having informed the admiral that he had heard a report that thirteen Spanish warships had been seen heading for Puerto Rico. SampBon's Finn of Action. The attack on the forts was planned ao that our warships could be In a position to meet the Spanish vessels should they emerge from the harbor. The following is the official plan of action issued to the American fleet: "The squadron will pass near Salinas Point, and then steer about cast to pass just outside the reefs off Cabras island. The column is to be formed as follows: "The Iowa, flagship; Indiana, New York, Amphltrite, and Terror. The Detroit is to go ahead of the Iowa, distant one thousand yards. The Wampatuck to keep to the Iowa's starbcard bow, distant five hundred yards. The Detroit and Wampatii'ck to sound constantly, after land is closer, and to immediately signal if ten fathoms or ICES is obtained, showing at night a red light over the stern and at daytime a red flag aft. The Montgomery to remain in the rear of the column, stopping outside of the flre from Morro and on the lookout for tornedo boat destroyers. If Fort Canuelo flres she Is to be silenced. The Porter will take station under cover of the Iowa on (he port side. The Niagara to remain westward, off Salinas Point. While approaching a sharp lookout is to be kept on the coast between Salinas Point and Cabras island for torpedo boat destroyers. When near Cabras island, one-half to one mile, the Detroit will rapidly cross the mouth of the harbor and be close under Morro to the westward, screened from the flre of Morro's westward battery. If the old guns on the north side of Morro flre it is to silence them. These two cruisers are to keep on the lookout especially for Spanish torpedo boat destroyers coming out of the harbor. The Porter, when the action begins, will cross the harbor mouth behind the Iowa and close under the cliff to the eastward cf the Detroit and torpedo any Spanish cruiser boats trying to get out of (he harbor, but It Is not to attack destroyers. The Wampatuck will tow one of Sts boats with its mast shipped, flying a red flag, and having a boat's anchor on board the tug so arranged that it can stop the boat and anchor at the same time. It is to anchor the boat In about ten fathoms, with Fort Can- uelo and the western end of Cabras island in range. There will be two objects for attack, the batteries on lha Morro and the men-of-war. If It is clear that Spanish vessels are lying iti port flre is to be opened on them as soon as they are discernible over Cabras island, the motions of the flagship being followed in this regard. If It should become evident, however, that, neutral men-of-war are in the line of flre a flag of truce will probably be sent In before the vessels are opened. Tho Porter Is to hold itself In readiness for this service. Orders to Spare Hospitals. "Care must be taken to avoid striking the hospitals on Cabras island. If it becomes necessary to silence the Morro batteries a portion of the lire will be directed with this object. But the principal object is to dstroy the ships. After passing the harbor mouth the Iowa will turn a little to starboard toward the town, and will then turn with a starboard helm and agsin piss to port, and after passing Cabraj island to the westward, it will turn again with a starboard 'helm and pass as at first. Should this plan be changed and it be decided to hold the ships In front of the entrance the signal 'Stop!' will be made at the proper time. The Indiana, New York, and monitors will fellow the motions oC tho flagship and remain in column. The course after Fort Canuelo is brought into range with the west end of Cabras island will be east by south. Should nlght'all come with the port in the enemy's hands and the ships Inside, tho cruisers will take up positrons just outside the harbor, the Montgomery to the eastward and the Detroit to the westward, with their batteries ready and the men at the guns. They will show no lights. The other ships in (succession will sweep the entrance of the harbor and the channel leading into the anchorage with searchlights to keep the torpedo boat destroyers from coming out. In case the enemy should attempt to escape from the port flre ia to be concentrated on the leading ship. Should the attempt be made at night the searchlights In use are to be turned on its bridge and conning tower and are to be held there." The fleet assembled off San Juan about 3 o'clock and prepared for battle, stripping the decks and getting the guns, ammunition and appliances for handling the wounded ready. Sampson Moves to the Town. Rear Admiral Sampson had transferred his flag to the Iowa, and the attack on the forts began at 5:16, and lasted three hours. The plans of the admiral were thoroughly carried out. The fleet steamed majestically into the harbor, and In due course of time opened a tremendous flre upon the fortifications. Three times the warships made the circuit outlined In the official plan. The forts withstood the first round, but the Montgomery from Its station near Canuelo Fort wrought complete destruction. With glasses the officers of the Montgomery could see the occupants of the fort jumping over tho walls and running away. The Detroit which went nearest to Morro, had to train its guns at a high angle. Its shots, directed at the north side of the Morro, cut deep furrows in the face of the fortifications. The Iowa, leading the fleet, delivered its deadly missiles with great, accuracy upon Morro's northern walls. The rest of the fleet flred In order, first on Morro and then on San Carlos, according to position. On the second round the Spanish gunners were thoroughly awakened, and stood by their guns bravely, keeping up a furi- the New York's four wounded men only two were seriously enough Injured to call for their transfer to the hospital ship Solace, which subsequently joined the fleet. The New York fired 250 shots, It is said, during the attack. The only war vessel of a foreign power at San Juan during the attack was the small French cruiser Rigault de Qenoullly. It had Its rigging cut by pieces of shell. After the bombardment the Frenchman left for the island of St. Thomas, where its commander told Captain Converse of the Montgomery that the American operations were entirely justifiable. It Is understood, however, that the French officers, In conversation with other people, criti- cised, the wisdom of the attack. The Inland of Porto Rico. The Island of Porto Rico Is one of the richest of Spain's colonies. Its name means in English, "Rich port." It is a trifle smaller than Jamaica, being the fourth in size of the Antilles, but the fertility of Its soil and the sa.- lubrlty of Its climate have led to its being given the name of "the gem of the Antilles." It lies to the east of Hayti. A range of mountains runs through the Islands from east to west. In the Interior are healthful and extensive uplands, and along the coasts are tracts of fertile land. Nearby t!io whole of the north coast is linsd with navigable lagoons, some of them ten miles long. There are also numerous bays, creeks and rivers, which are navigable; but the north shore is subj?ct to tremendous ground seas which beat against the cliffs with great violence. Only three harbors are safe—Guanlca and Hovas on the south shore and Sail Juan on the north. There are no serpents or reptiles on the Island. It Is wholly an agricultural Island, producing sugar, rum, molasses, coffee, cotton, tobacco, Hvo stock, timber, rice, etc. ISLAND AND FEATURES OF PORTO RICO, ous, but aimless flre. From their flrui foundation and high elevation they had a splendid opportunity to cripple our fleet, but the Spanish gunners seemed to flre regardless of aim and as if only desirous of emptying their magazines. Terror Phiyn a I,ono Hand. At the end of the third round tho monitor Terror failed to understand the order to withdraw and engaged Morro castle alone for half un hour. The Terror moved in as if intending to ram the forts and the Spanish gunners evidently became much excited at its behavior, for they flred rapidly and evidently without taking any aim, for the Terror was not touched. Every shot flred by the Spaniards could be seen. The flash and smoke of the batteries were followed by great splashing hundreds of feet from the Terror. The shells of the Spaniards on exploding would iling columns of water sixty feet hish. The heavy swell somewhat affected the aim of the gunners o£ the Terror, for some of Its shells structe the sea in front of the forts. Finally the Terror seemingly grew tired and slowly withdrew, firing as it steamed away. Then the Spaniards .became almost frantic with excitement and blazed away at the monitor until it was long out of range. Counting tho I'usuuUlos. After the battle the dispatch boat went among the fleet to inspect the damage done. The Bailors were calmly cleaning the decks and polishing the guns. On board the Iowa a boat was struck and caught flre, an exhaust, pipe was dented, the bridge railing was shattered, and throe men were slightly wounded. All this was done by the solitary shell which struck the Iowa. Ono shell which exploded on the New York killed a man, wounded four o'Ji- ers, shattered two searchlights, splintered a cutter, tore three holes in a ventilator, and broke a small davit arm. The New York was hit only once. In addition to the man killed on board the New York, a gunner's mate on board the monitor Amphltrile died from the effects of the heat. Of HARBOR OF SAN JUAN, SHOWING E3CTJ8NSJVE Y SAWFSPN'S San Juan de Porto Rico, the principal city and seaport of the island of Porto Rico, capital of the colony, and of the Province of Bayamon, situated on a narrow peninsula off the north coast, is connected with Cayuas, an island town twenty-three miles distant, by a good macadamized road. Its population is about 18,150. It is fortified and walled, regularly laid out, well dralned.and one of the best and healthiest towns In the West Indies. The principal edifices are the bishop's palace and seminary, the Royal military hospital, old Government House.a large cathedral, custom house, town house, with a fine hall, a handsome theater, arsenal and Jail. Tho town is the seat of government and superior courts of the island, and of many schools. Harbor of Sail Juan. The peninsula upon which the Morro and the lighthouse stand is thrust out Into the gea, on one side breasting the thundering surges of the Caribbean, and on the other guarding the placid waters of a. beautiful and almost land locked harbor. This harbor is one of the finest in the West Indies, large, sheltered, and capable of accommodating any number of the largest ships, giving anchorage in from three to six fathoms. Though the main portion of San Juan is inclosed within the walls, through which entrance is only obtained by well-guarded gateways, yet there Is a small town by itself in the Marina, between the fortifications and the wharves. Here Is a fine public garden and pleasure space, with booths and restaurants, as well as the public cockpit, where battles royal are frequently waged. The buildings of the inner city are of stone, massive and substantial, like those of Havana and the City of Mexico; in fact, of the old-world type, and in case of bombardment there would be little danger of a conflagration. lioylo Kooho Outdone. "He Is an enemy to both kingdoms," said Sir Boyle Roche, "who wishes to diminish the brotherly affection of the two sister countries!" Equally noteworthy with this was the highly creditable sentiment uttered by the governor of ono of the United States at the opening of an industrial exhibition recently. "Lot us hope," said he, "that the occasion will be an entering wedge which will bring about a more perfect unity between north and south!" Blue Tint In Glass. The blue tint in glass has its cause in chemical deposits formed in the coal gas furnace, and which under the action of the air produces a blue coat on the glass. To remove this blue tint the |laas, as it com*e out of the a»- lftrBi.ee, is wacle to P<W « mtsr bath, weakly ac}<U<lt4 fl.nifl *• HOW RELIEF CAME. Prom Cole County Democrat, Jefferson Clty.Mi* Wnefl la grippe visited this section about seven years ago Herman H. Eveler, of 811 W. Main St., Jefferson Mo., was ono of tha victims. And has since been troubled with the After-effects of' the disease. He is a •well-known contractor and builder. a business requiring much mental and physical work. A year ago his health began to fail and he was obliged to discontinue work. That he lives today is almost a miracle. He says: "I was troubled with shortness of breath, palpitation of the heart and a general debility. My back also pained me severely. "1 tried one doctor after Another and numerous remedies suggested by my friends, but without apparent benefit, and began to give uphope. Then I saw Dr. Wil- Hams' Pink Pillls for Pale People extolled in a St. Louis paper, and after investigation decided to give them a trial. "After using tho first box 1 A Contractor's Difficulty, fJ 1 reTievedand was satisfied that the pills were putting mo on the road to recovery. I bought two more boxes and continued taking thorn. "After taking four boxes of Dr. Williams* Pink Pills for Pale People 1 am restored to good health, I feel like a now man, and having the will and energy of my former days returned, I ain capable of transacting my business with increased ambition. ' "Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for PalpPeople are a wonderful medicine and anyone that is afflicted with shortness of breath, palpitation of the heart, nervous prostration and general debility will find that thesa pills are the specific. HBHMA.N H. EVBLEB." Subscribed and sworn to before me a Notary Public, this 5!4th day of May. 1807. ADAM POUTSZONQ, Notary Public. Mr. Eveler will gladly answer on inquiry regarding this if stamp is enclosed. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills cure people troubled with the after-effects of the grippe because they act directly on the impure blood. They are also a specific for chronic erysipelas, catarrh, rheumatism and all disoaaes duo to impure or impoverished blood. All Ronily. Colonel — Iliive you got rations ready for thirty days? Commissary - Yes, sir. Here arc pork and beans enough to last twico that long 1 . Colonel — Well, we can economize in space by dispensing with tho pork. These troops are from Boston, you know. Hint to Cnelo Sam. Now that the government has called out 125,000 troops of the National Guard and formed camps in every State, the great questions confronting the authorities are, first, how to feed the men, and secondly, how to keep them in good health. New troops, suddenly called from comfortable homes to the privations of camp, are sure to become subject to various kinds of complaints. Sleeping on the ground, getting wet, and other kinds of exposure superinduce rheumatism, neuralgia, catarrh, asthma, hay-fever, yellow fever and otker kindred ills. It is understood, as a precautionary measure, that certain scientific gentlemen of prominence are seeking to supplant quinine and other drastic tonics by what is known aa The first thing the hospital authorities should do is to lay In a supply of "Five Drops," which is a sure cure for the above mentioned complaints, and many others. No regimental doctor should be without them, as at a small cost the government may thus save much future expense. Men can't fight unless free of disease, and "Five Drops" will keep our boys in such excellent trim that when they meet the Spaniards they will give a good account of themselves. Good medicine is as important in camp as good food, and there is no better medicine than "Five Drops." Sold only by the Swanson Rheumatic Cure Company, 1C7-1G9 Dearborn street, Chicago. Sample 'bottle may be obtained for 25 cents. It's a wonder. Try it. _ _ . In Diameter. "I remember you," said the middle- aged matron, "when you did not coine tip to my waist." "I don't think I am up to. it now," said the .slim and saucy maiden." inventors' jucuuquarcer&. All inventors visiting the Exposition are Invited to make the offices of Sues & Co.. Patent Lawyers, their headquarters. This firm Is located ia the famous Bee Building, where free patent books and information may be obtained, Uncle Sam's seamen will have a long coast line to defend'. It measures 5,715 miles, embracing 3,340 miles on the Atlantic ocean, 1,550 on the Gulf of Mexico, and 1,810 on the Pacific ocean. The Htuudurd Dictionary, The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia: "The arrangement is admirable. Especially to bo commended Is the giving of the definition immediately after the word, leaving the etymology to follow later, and the grouping of the divisions and subdivisions of a subject under a general term so that the user is not compelled to engage in long searches. Men of every occupation express their gratification at the satisfactory manner In which this particular field has been covered. The better it Is known, the better it Is certain to be appreciated." $ee display advertisenieat of bow to obtain the Standard Dictionary by waking a small payment dowu, the re-

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