10 THE COMPANIA COSMOPOLITANA Sketch of the First Cali= fornia Improvement Company THE OLDEST COAST PRINTER The Natalia Stated to Have Been tbe Vessel in Which Napoleon Escaped From Elba—Advent of the "Griofos" BY R. GARNER CURRAN When I was in Ventura, Gal., in 890, I was fortunate In making the acquaintance of one of California's true pioneers. I do not mean a '-Mer. That is too recent a da'.e to bo classified with the real pioneer times of which lam to writs. Timej which make the civil war seem like a family quarrel of yesterday, the gold fever a real estate boom of last year, and tbe life of Napoleon not an improbable fact. When I first met Senor Don Jose de la Rosa his miud was still active, although he was then 100 years of age. He always warm and fraternal feeling tor Senor Don Jose de la Rosa. newspaper men,for he was without doubt at the time of his death tlio oldest practical printer in tbe world. Senor Don Jose's Ufa was a stirring, stormy one. He was born in the pueblo of Los Angeles, Mexico, January 5, 1790, and spent the lirst forty years of his life in that place. There be learned the jeweler's trade, studied in the San Juan college with the intention of becoming a priest, b'jt finally entered tbe arm v under the Snanish government. Tn the wild tumult surrounding the rule of Maximilian, Senor Kosa at lirst sided witb the French, but soon returned to his original love, and then with the Mexican empire of Itorbide, but he soon echoed the shout of "God and liberty" for the republic, until finally he rested in the peaceful shadow'ar'tlie Stars and Stripes. During bis army life he was connected witu tbe government printing office iv WRECK OF THE NATALIA. the City of Mexico, and finding the work to his taste he thoroughly mastered the art. In ISit Santa Ana, who was at that time president of Mexico, wished tD ejtaolish a government printing office at Monterey, Alia California. Learning of the Compana Cosmopolitana, which win about to send two vessels to tho northern capital, Santa Ana shipped a complete printing outlit to Monterey,placing Senor Rosa in charge. Here tho lirst paper on the Pacific OOSSt Was printed. He ulso published the questions and answers for tho government, and the record of all movements of importance to send back to "el prestdente'' in Mexico. In July, 1846, whon Commodore sluat hoisted the American Hag over Monterey tbe ollice was taken possession of by the Americans. After the conquest ot California by the United States Senor Rosa retired from his former active life. He came to Ventura in 1880. All his habits were exceedingly virtuous and temperate, nevei tasting tobacco in any fjrm and rarely drinking wine. He was a devout Catholic and strict in obseravneoof their forms ot worship. He was remarkably vigorous for his age, being able to walk about with only the aid of a staff until a few weeks before his death, and devoted much of his time to visiting and comforting tbe sick of bis nationality and belief. *The citizens of Ventura gave a reception In honor of Senor Rosa's 100 th anniversary on Friday, June 6, 1891, and a tine programme was lumisbed by Ventura's best musical and literary talent. Bus the most attractive feature of tne evening was the solo by the senor himaclf, a Spanish love song witli guitar accompaniment. The weight of 100 years seemed to have little effect upon his musical talent, as was fully shown by his dexterity with the guitar. When ,:on tba street the courtly and stately old man always greeted everyone witli a smile and a "Buenos dias, ammo jnio." Like m.j-t of those of tbe old aristocratic Spanish families he would not condescend to speak English, although he could understand it fairly well. Nevertheless no was cordial and sincere In his friendships and bad tbe esteem arid respect of all unto bis death in Jannnrv. tm&. | Bespectiug theory nizationand history uf tjo colony whicn benur Don Joe* de ia Rosa accompanied to Montorey, we have but little original reoord. The terms offered wore if 10 to each family at tbe start, transportation by lav.l to San Bias, 3 reals per day to each person for rations, free passage by sea from San Bias to California, a farm from the public lauds for each man and a certain amount of live stuck and tools, all to be repaid by the colonists later. Tao result was that more than 250 persons enlisted; 98 men, 55 women and SO cnildren. Hijar and l'adres, the colonization agents, painted tho attractions of tbe country in bright, colors. Then, as in much later times, California was represented, in respect of climate and ether natural advantages, as an earthly paradise. Most of the colonists were educated, some bad property, and all bad a trade or profession. There was a notable absence of tlie low and criminal classes of Mexicans and tbo subsequent record ol those who remained in tbe country was favorable. In connection with the colonization project, it commercial company was formed,wit.' tlie colony leaders and other prominent men as partners. It was called tne Compatiia Cosrnopolitana, and its object was to purchase a vessel and engage in the exportation of California products. It was only by some such commercial scheme that the eoipresarios could legitimately hope for profit beyond the salaries of a lew officials and it is very certain tbat a patriotic desire to develop the resources of California was not their sole motive. QIDSrsJ Anuya is said to have been president und Juan Bundirji vicenresident of tbe company. Agents were sent to Acapulco to purchase a vessel, securing the brig Natalia, to be paid for in tallow. It is supposed that there were also connected witb the colony certain mysterious schemes of a political nature, by wbicli Coiiie/. Farias hoped, in case his administration should be overthrown, to tinl in California a refuge for himself and his political friends a stronghold from which as a center to work for restoration of his power in Mexico. It wa; about August 1, IS.il, that the two vessels set sail. The Cosmopolitan company's brig Natalia bad on board Hilar, Bandini and tbe naval oflicer, Buenaventura Aranjo, and ber com manlier, Juan (iomez. On tbe national corvettc-of-war Morales, Captain Lucas Mauso, were Tadres, Judge Castillo, Negrete, Cosenie, I'ena and Sub-Comisario Herrera. A day or two out tlie two vessels separated, as tlie Natalia was the faster sailer of tbe two. There was much seasickness on board tbe Natalia, resulting in several deaths.and tbe commander naa induced by Bandini to put in at fc>an Diego. Tho new-comers were hospitably received, the officers and prominent officials being the guests of Bandini and his friends, while the rest were distributed at various private bouses or lodged in tents and warehouses. Most of the colo- nists went northward overland, stopping a month or more at Missions San Gabriel and San Luis Key; receiving nothing but kind treatment from padres, settlers anil neophytes. Tho Natalia sailed north with tlio effect! of tbe colony. Lying at anchor in Monterey bay sho broke her cables in a gale on the afternoon of December 'Jlst, and was driven on the about two miles above tbe town, where sne went to pieces. A French captain who viuited the coast In 1840 declared that the Natalia was the same vessel on which Napoleon escaped from Klba in 1815. The Morclos, with l'adores and the rest of the colonists, 1 liO in number, also had a narrow escape from shipwreck in s gale off Point Concepcion, according to the statement of Antonio Coronel. but she arrived safely at Monterey on September 25th, and the newcomers were as warmly welcomed at tho capital as their companions had been at San Diego. Tlie ladies came off the boat with Paares, expecting to see nobody in California except soldiers, friars, convicts closely guarded, and Indians ready to become"their servants. As they drew near the shore, they beheld two beautiful and well-clad ladies of Monterey in the crowd awaiting them, anil said, "Sr. Padres, how is it possible that these girls can bu our servants? We look as much like servants as they do." Padres bit his lip, and the ladies insisted on returning to the ship to 4 dress up" before landing. On November Ist a ball was given, partly in honor of the colonists, and partly in honor of the deputation. Many of the colonists lived to a ripe old age, and filled important parts in making the history of the Golden state. Hut tbe wreok of the Natalia and frequent Insurrection! o* the Indians and Mexicans themselves, proved too mucb even for toe Cosmopolitan company, and California resources lay almost dormant until the despised "Gringos" gained possession. (Copyrighted, 1905. by R.Garner Curran.) Whole Wheat Bread, Pulled There is a decided diffarence between whole wheat bread and the ordinary brown bread. The bread that you use must be free from bran. Mako it with as little yeast as possible: pour ono pint of boiling water into one pint of milk. When lukewarm add one yeast cake, dissolve in a quarter of a cup of lukewarm water, then add a teaspooonful ot jalt and suflicient whole wheat Hour IO make n batter; beat this batter for at least ten minutes. Stand it in a waim place for three hours. Then add sulfieient Hour to make a dough and Knead carefully. When too stiff to haudle with a spoon turn it out on a board and knead until it is elastic. Form this at oncn into four loaves, put each loaf in a square pan about eight inches long, four wide and from four to six inches in deptn. When light again, at the end uf abuut one and a half hours, bake in a moderate oven one hour. Take frnm tne tire and turn out to cool. Then cool cut tlio crusts from top of loaf. These make admirable food for the remaining part of the family. With tbe fork pull the bread from the top of the loaf toward the bottom in sort of strips. Pull or breaK tbem apart. Put these pieces on paper in the bottom of a large baking pan, return to tho oven and bake slowly until they are crisp to the center, and this is pulled bread, and the only form of bread you should use.—Household News. Little Boy—How soon are you and sis goin' to be married? Accepted Suitor—She bas not named the day yet. I hope she does not believe in long engagements. Little Boy—She doesn't, I know, 'cause all her engagements have been short.— lid Bits. Sometimes they who wear not bloomers The aiticles attack. And again those wbo affect them Will rip them up the b.ick. —Detroit Tribuns. luOS ANGEEES HER ALB: SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 6, 1895. CHRIST ENTERING JERUSALEM THE CAMERA IN CRIME NOW The Wonderful Results Obtained byja Qer= man Chemist HOW PHOTOGRAPHS OF HAIR Led to a Man Being Convicted of the Murder of His Wife—How an Italian Bond Forgery Was Unearthed Glancing over my diary, that of a government chemist, I have lound many interesting notes, which form a contemporary history of the advancement in tbo knowledge of lighting crime. In the fight for existence all beings develop those organs and weapons which are needed most for defense against enemies. As crime advances it becomes the duty of those who fight it to gam all available knowledge which may be an aid in tho delicate task of tracing up crime and punishing tho pepretrator*. For, tbe criminal, with years of experience and effort behind nim, advances with even it quicker pace than do tbe officers of the government. The ingenuity of the latter is (continually taxed to tbe utmost, for, to detect tbe latest method of duping humanity, new Improvements must constantly be invented and the latest criminal tactics laid bare before tbe world. In 18711 it lirst occurred to me that photography could be made a must important foa'ture in cases of a peculiar kind, and I have since developed methods by whica photography can be made eminently useful to the criminal c ourts. One of the first cases in which I had success with the photograph and microscope occurreo many years ugo. The case was this: In the eastern part of Germany lived a man years old. Tlio sou of the old man cared'for bim and bad given him a small room in an out bouse in which to s'eop. Tiring of the old father at last, tbe eon decided to get rid of him, and one morning the father was found hacked to pieces. Suspicion was directed to the son, and after a long search tbe ax smeared with blood was found. The son at once announced that he had recently killed a goat with tbe ax. and that the blood was that of a goat. I made pnotograpbs of corpuscles of both a goat and of a human anil showed cor.lcusively that the blood on tbe ax was tbat of a human being. The son subsqeuently confessed the murder and died penitent. But in a murder case, the matter is made much easier for he scientist if hair can be founa in the blood or on tbe weapon usea to commit the crime. Take for instance the gray hair of an old man. Wo recognize it by the scaly formation on the aurafce of the hair. Through these we see which the micro- Bcope, the broken coloring substance which is no longer actively ablo to retain No. I—Gray Hair of Old Han tho original huo because of tho air penetrating she many apertures. Pictures Nos. 2 and .i show the points of hair, and even a person without scientific knowledge can discern the difference between them. Even in the earliest formation hair becomes distinctive in tbe FROM THE FAMOUS ALBRECHT DURER PAINTING roots. Picture Xo. 4 shows the roots, thick and wide, almost in the shape of spoons, Even more decided is the distinction in the] points shown in pictures Nos. 2 and 3. In picture Xo. 2it is very evident the hair was never cut. 'Ihe hair is long, lino and beautilul. while hair that has been cut a single time will show the jagged and square appearance, as in picture Xo. 8. In other words, picture N0.2 shows the hair of either a child or a woman , and in a majority of cases tne hair in picture Xo. 3 represents thut of a man. Pictures Nos. 2 and 4 were taken in a murder case from hair found on the clothes of a murderer. Pictures Nos. 3 and 5 represent the points and roots of hair fund on clothing of another person accused of the No 3. 2 and 3—Polnts of Hair same crime and sent to me for the purpose cf comparison. Pictures Nos. 2 and 4, I discovered, represented the hair of the murdered woman, and we proved conclusively that tho man wbo had necusod another of tbo crime had in fact been the murderer of bis own wife. But, aside from the advantace of the use of photography in murder cases.there are other departments of crime in which it is of value. Chemists crowd the criminal profession. They seem to bare an aptitude for this science which borders on the marvellous, and there are men today in all countries who, by tbe aid of cheruicals.aro aole to bailie the best work Nos. .( and s—Roots of Hair ofjthe microscopic photographer. But in almost all cases wo have been able to discover alterations of figures. A case in point is that of an old customs officer who was stationed on the Russian border and who was supposed to keep an entry of all cattle brought into Germany at tbat point. It appeared that the Russian cattle dealers had.bribed him and for months he falsified his returns, changing bis books at bis home, from where he sent the returns to the government. He used a chemical in which a nitrous acid of great strength was used, together with other chemicals, and it was only possible alter|many enlargements and repeated piiotographing that wo were able to Nos. 6 and 7—The Altered Bond secure tho evidence and show that he had substituted tbe ligures 302 for 1211. Last year all financial Europe was worried by tbe discovery tbat forged 1000 lire Italian bonds were in circulation. For months it was known tbat these forged bonds were being sold, but it was impossible to distinguish the good trom the bad. The paper had been stolen from tbe government and tbe engraving bad been done witb such rare sikll as to deceive the roost expert. I was called into the case, and I decided that ordinary enlargement, in photography would not do. I nrst brought out. by the use of chemicals every portion of the bond in extremely bold relief. By the uso of intense light and a strong microscope I Becured an enlargement of tbe chemicalized bond. Tbo result was marvelous. Under each of the words "Mille" (1000) appeared tho original "Dieci." (ten) tbe original denomination of the bond. The serial number had also been changed. You can see in pictures Nos. 0 and 7 now completely the ligure '2 was changed to 0. DBi PAUL JEBKBIOH. The. Chieftain,with whicli Francis Wilson has just opened his season at Abbey's theater. New York, is tbe seventh comic opera Wilson has staged since he has been a star. The Oolali was the first, and then came Tlie Gondoliers, Tlie Merry Monarch, Tho Lion Tamer, Krroinie, The Devil's deputy and The Chieftain. PRESIDENTIAL POSSIBILITIES Of Levi P. Morton, as Viewed by an Expert DELINEATOR OF CHARACTER He Has Grown Old in a Normal, Self- Respecting Way, as All Americans Should-"Wears No Beard as a Mark of Civilization Wo assume that you clearly understand the importance ot dissecting a man In order to study him ad- vautageously. Therefore, for your better enlightenment, we cut up Mr. Levi P. Morton . here as we have cut up other candidates for tbo presidency, and help you to examine and know him. To every man' I char- As Usually Seen acter tbere is a key. Sometimes it is his moutb, sometimes his chin or nose, occasionally it is the shape of his head. The key to the character of Mr. Morton is Mr. Morton's hand. Study that hand, think about it intelligently. Mr. Morton expects that the other hand, the" right one, will one day write tbe words: "Now, therefore I, Levi P. Morton, President of the United States,'' and so on. is that a good sort of hand for a United States president to have? Let us see. It Key to Mr. Morton's Character Is different from the Cleveland liana. Its lingers look much less like sausages than the Cleveland ringers. It is a hand of some refinement, but not of much strength. The knuckles are rather small. The lingers taper, an excellent thing in women and poets, but a bad thing in real men. The nails are too well cared for. A few men who are old and at the same timo Capable go to manicures, but the manicure habit in old men is a very bad sign. . On his little finger Mr. Morton wears j a ring. That doesn't mean much, but be I would bo more impressive without ii. I The woarine of jewelry is a relic of savagery. It is dying out rapidly among sensible" men. A ring on the linger is not as bad as rings in the ears, and rings in tho eara are not as bad as a ring in the nose,but all three are bad and belong to tne same class. | Mr. Morton ah over is like his band— at least physically. He bas refinement. but not great strength. He is in appearance rather a hanker than i statesman. This is probably due to tbo act that he tried banking long before he /tried statesmanship. He has done lairly well in both lines, if the banker ia to be judged by the money ho makes and the statesman by his ability to get ofiice, Tbo statesman who becomes congressman, vice-president of the United States, governor of the state His Society Trousersot N e w York and a ! prominent candidate for the presidency, without shedding his blood profusely for his country, neglecting his business or paying an unreasonable sum for his honors ia to be congratulated. The great thing, tbo lincst thiug about Mr. Morton is tbat he has grown old in a normal, self-rospocting way. He has grown old as an American should grow old. He has not got fat or rheumatic or ill-tempered. He doos not remind us in the least of Abraham Lincoln, but he is lit least a good, dignified type of tbe average old American, and tbat is a good thing to be. Waist- Better Waist Than Reed, Harrison or McKinley Mr. Tom Reed of Maine, Mr. Harrison of Indiana, and Mr. McKinley of Ohio, His Eyes and tiood Nose the three candidates of the Republican party, with stomachs twice as big around as their clients or bisrger, should blush for shame as tbey look at the picture of Mr. Morton's middle. Mr. Morton is at least a well-shaped candidate, and that not one of tne tnree others can say of himself. In regard to his clothing, bis general care of ..himself and.his appearance. Mr. Morton iB far in tho lead of all the Republican candidates. All of the others, compared to him, are untidy or badly fitted, or ureasy or shiny or baggy about the knees. Mr. Morton is the only liepublican candidate whoso trousers do not bag at the knees and whose coat appears to have come from a civilized tailor. You coul.l not imagine Lincoln or Franklin as carefully dressed as Morton,but a man of tho world owes to eociety to look after his appearanoe, and among the list of ccmmun-place candidates Mr. Morton iB the only one whom we can praise. His clothes and Ins appearand generally are not to be compared with those of the Democratic candidate Whitney, but Whitney is younger, and taller and broader across the shoulders, and has other advantages. / - Fairly Good Top-Head About Mr. Morton's face and bead C7crything tbat can be aaid is complimentary. In tbe first place, be wears no whiskers or moustache or other barbarous underbrush and for that reason ho is to be classed among civilized types. His features are all good. His eyes are rather small and a little too clo3e tO-.,, , ... i, , getber, but they have j a benevolent oxpres' sion. Tbey indicate a sense of humor, and they are blue, wbich Is very important. Mr. Morton has a good strong mouth andcbin. His mouth is fairly big, as a mouth should be. The lips arc tbin, which means that tbe brain out- Mouth and Chin weighs tbe appetite. Tue mouth dote not sag down at tho corners. Tbis is a good thing in one way, but had in another. A straight mouth indicates nervous strength, for weakness alone will dmw tbe corners of the mouth down in old age. On the other hand, too straight a mouth indicates an absence of concentrated thought. Deep thinking draws down tbe corners of the mouth without waiting for old age to do it. Mr. Morton's gray hair is curly and thick, and is much admired. It is parted on the left side, v little too near tho middle. Nobody has yet | explained, by the way, why it is that nine men out of ten part their hair on the left siue. Perhaps it is because the right hand, being mere adroit, is used from childhood up io reach over tho top of the head and pull the hair over towards the right ear. The left hand could not do tbo work so easily. Mr. Morton's ear is large and is well shaped. It indicates generos- ity. a fact tnat may surprise i'latt, and i' is fastened to the head nt a spot considerably below tbe line of' the eye. ( This low attachment of tne ear to tne skull, hb everybody should know by this time, is always a good sign, since only that part of the head which is above tbo ear flood Tie und Collar ■ j„ UIIIIVC 11IU CilL is tilled with brains. Mr. Fassett, fjr Instance, as thu French would any, did not invent gunpowder. Mi-. Morton bas a big ear and a good head, but it is in no way un extraordinary head. It is broad inst buck of the tsmplss, whicli ought to indicate executive power. His forehead slams rather too much. The best thing about btm, take it. all in all, is his well-shaped chin. Mr. Morton's nose appeal's »o "be a very good one at lirst glance, hut '.t really is.it. It is long, with on overhang at the end, but it bas not much strength. If it only had a small bump a little below the eyes it would be a very lino nose, and Mr. Morton would bo . a much greater man. In appearance Mr. * His Cow-Stable IS mi Morton is nearly ulways conventional, witb a big pearl in He wears a bit; tie i it, and a silk hut of regulation cut. It is only when bo goes to visit his prize cuts or plays witb bis swarms of aristocratic dachshunds that his appearance shows individuality. On such occasions ho wears a hie straw hat tbat should get votes for him among tho His Old Straw Hat .. ~,r mining v.v farmers, and when it is wet and muddy be nus boots as cheap and coarse as any everyday American, as any over worn by the great I'effer himself. — New Yora World. One sex alone did use to smoke, Hut now looK out for another; Since a bicycle girl can scratch a match, Just liko her elder brother. —Brooklyn Times. Hls Generous L;jr Mrs. Harrison's mm face BLEACH V" - f HEMOVKs Freckles, V Moth Patches, Bunburu, >|TS#r / ' BtftTiOwxteMi biack-heiids, **?|SjRi 7F V • Pimples end every dla*^f n WW coloration or blemish of ' the skin, rendering the pkln ay pure and clear and white as it was in baby days. Guaranteed perfectly harmless. It never fails to cure. Ladies who value a nice, clear, natural complexion should not fail to use it. Price, Jl.oo per bottle. AH Druggist! MRS. NETTIE rURRISON, Qeauty DoCTOI 40 & 42 QEARY BT. 3*N FfMNOISOO Relieved and cured by tbe Dr. Owen Electric Truss—our latest invention—Guaranteed most Selentiflc, Powerful, Durable, Comfortable and Effective method. A mild, continuous current of Galvanic Electricity is applied directly to tbo seat of the Rupture causing a contraction and strengthening of those parts. No detention from business or work. To those who are Ruptured, it will pay tj investigate our mode of treatment. We are honest in the belief that our genuine Electric Truss will cure any case of Rupture tbat is at all curable. We warrant that the Electricity can l»e felt instantly on application. Call at our office. No charge for consultation. Our "Treatise on Rupture*' Is free. We have been before the Public many years, and our Electrical appliances have become a recognized standard of merit. The largest_establishment of its kind in the world Write for our large illustrated catalog!-.? and treatise upon Rupture. THE OWEN ELECTRIC APPLIANCE CO.. 201 to 207 State St., - corner Adams St., CHICAGO. tub ANIMAL EXTRACTS Prepared according to the formula of Tho most wonderful therapeutic dUcovory since the dava of Jenner, CEREBRINE, . . . FROM THE BKAIH fIEDULLINE, . . . FROM THE SPINAL CORD CARDINE FROM THE nEART TESTINE FROM THE TESTES OVARINE FROM THE OVARIES The physiological effects produced by a single dose of CEKEHRINE are acceleration of ths pulse with feeling of f-illncss »nd distention In the head, exhilaration of spirits, increased urinary excretion, augmentation oi the expulsive force of the bladder and peristaltic actioa ot tho Intestines, Increase in museularstrengto anil endurance, Increased power ot vision in eldeily r eoplo, and increased appetite and digestive power. In his laboratory at Washington, D. C. DOSE, 5 DROPS. Trice, <'.: drachms), $1.00 THE COLUHBIA CHEJIICAL CO. WASHINGTON, D. C. Send for book. FOR SALE BY H. M. SALE & SON, 220 at Spring street, Los Angeles. AT WHOLESALE BY F. W. BRAUN & CO., *0l sad 407 North Msln street, Los Angeles.
Clipped articles people have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 23,000+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month