The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 28, 1954 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, May 28, 1954
Page 3
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FRIDAY, MAT 36, 1954 •LITHEIILLI CARK.) COURIER mews India Fears U. S. by Relating Capitalism to Imperialism (One Of A Series) By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst GENEVA (AP) — "The Devil I know," said an Indian leader, "is worse than the Devil I don't know." . He was trying to explain why anti-American sentiment is rising in India, why Indians profess not to fear any threat of Communism from abroad. "America is capitalist." he said. •Indians relate capitalism to imperialism, and imperialism to colonialism. Colonialism is the Devil we know." This came from an Indian leader who is pro-American, and thus is testimony to the strength of Mos- cow-Peiping propaganda in Asia,. Communist efforts have been concentrated upon identifying the United States with colonialism and imperialism. The Communist party in India professes to give all-out support to the foreign policy of Prime Minister Nehru and his Congress party, itself carrying on a grim struggle with the domestic Communists. Objective: Toe on Line The Bed objective seems to be to drive Nehru into toeing the Communist Chinese line. Nehru does not appear willing to be lured all the way, but apparently he is becoming openly Vnore and more anti-American. He declined an interview, but his supporters say he has these reasons: 1. -U.S. military aid to Pakistan. Nothing has so stirred anti-American sentiment. One Indian leader told me this amounted to arming "India's enemy." since there has been no solution to the Indian- Pakistani dispute over Kashmir state. 2. Suggestions in Washington that the war in Indochina might be internationalized. Indian leaders picture the Indochina war as purely one against colonialism. Some of them were so much in the dark, about it they had to be briefed by the British before the Colombo conference last month. 3." Attempts to bring about a Southeast Asia alliance. Indian leaders say this is an invitation for Asia to provide the arena for World War IH. 4. Statements by Americans about the use of atomic weapons and the prospect of "massive retaliation." Indian leaders portray such statements as heralding a futile attempt to blast communism out of existence rather than trying to outflank communism with better ideas and ideals. 5. Failure to appreciate India's special position. This is the crux of the matter. Indian leaders apparently consider themselves misused by American misunderstanding, consider that they are required to walk an international tightrope because of their geographical position. Rising: Criticism Nehru ha^ been facing rising criticism throughout India — particularly in west Bengal and Communist-infested Calcutta—in sharp contrast to his almost unassailable position of a few years ago. There has been talk about his Congress party is getting soft and tired, that it must produce definite economic results by the next elections in 1957 or prepare to get out of power. Now, apparently, the Congress party is attempting to step up its efforts in that direction. In foreign policy the Congress party's worries bring about a sort of solemn masquerade, such as the "National Convention Against United States Military Aid to Pakistan." which I attended in New Delhi. Everything the United States does or offers to do in India is subject to suspicious scrutiny. The United States receives a generally bad press. Anti-Americanism is fanned by professional Communists and opportunists who twist Nehru's statements 'on international affairs to suit their own purposes. The convention was unofficial, but obviously had Congress blessing. Speakers criticized the United States in a tired sort of way, as if required to do so. It looked almost as if such things might be staged primarily to steal Communist thunder on such issues. But, in attempting to pull the rug from under the Communist drives, the Indian politicians themselves gave impetus to , anti^American sentiment. "* . Independence Needed To retain its dominant position, the Congress party wants to appear completely independent of the United States and the taint, advertised by the Communists; of "imperialism." Thus Nehru's biggest problem seems to be an attempt to satisfy all shades of opinion, including those within his own party. For some time to come world communism likely will be satisfied with a neutral India. There is much to digest meanwhile. But the Communists in India are far from idle. They have infiltrated deeply into the Indian press. They have kept up unceasing efforts to -dominate India's students, source of tomorrow's leadership. They are active in the trade union movement. Communism's ultimate aim is a coalition of all opposition parties against the Congress party. Already in some areas the "Congress party owes its dominance only to the fact that the opposition has been split. Should the coalition succeed, the Communists then could operate in the usual pattern—lopping off their temporary WITH THE WIND" AND YEARS—Four-year-old Cammie King, who played daugh- te Bom W Blue t™L* Butler (Clark Gabfe). left, in "Gone With the Wind/' was ^present in Atlanta. Ga.. for the movie's second world premiere. Only now shes * P r .^. 19 ' year olfl ' studying toward a television career at the University of Southern cauiorma. How Old Is Sen. McCarthy? CHICAGO (#")—The age of Sen. McCarthy R-Wis appears in dispute. Is .he 44 or 45 years old? The next edition of Who's Who in American will list him as having been born a year earlier than in current and past issues. Publishers said data normally is supplied by the subject in Who's Who and McCarthy's date of birth was given as Nov. 14, 1909. But publishers said the Wisconsin Bureau of Vital Statistics cer- tifield he was born on Nov. 4, 1906, the date they will use in their next issue. Fewer Strikes Reported During April This Year WASHINGTON UP) — The Labor Department reported today there were fewer labor strikes last month than in any postwar April. The department's Bureau of Labor Statistics said there were 450 strikes in April involving 200,000 orkers for 1,200,000 man-days of idleness. A man-day is the time of one man for one day. Development of a new sonar set will be a great aid to fishermen. The set not only pictures schools of fish ok.$ television-like screen, but reveals the size of the school, Where it is, which way it is going, and how fast it is traveling. Bear in Bird's Nest i j SAULT STE. MARIE, Mich. UR-i A black bear was discovered in Michigan's Blaney Park making like a bird. Unlike brother bruins hibernating in dens in the ground, this bear slept in a pine tree 53 feet above the ground. The bear came wobbling out of a hole near the top when the giant tree was felled. It lumbered off, unhurt. Mabel Benton, Plaintiff vs. No. 12673 Thomas Benton, Defendant The defendant Thomas, Benton, is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named in the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plantiff, , Mabel Benton. Dated this 5th day of May, 1954. GERALpINE L1STON. Clerk By VIRGINIA WALTERS, D. C. Claude F. Cooper Atty. for plantifi Ed B. Cook, atty. ad litem 5/M4-21-2& France Doesn't Draftees to Fight Question May Bocomt Explosive Issue In French Politics By HARVE YHUDSON PARIS LfV—With Indochina in the balance, France needs more mili- ;ary manpower. But there WAS no indication today of any plans to send draftee* into the fighting. That would be an explosive change in policy. The question of uiingr others than volunteers has been pushed into the background. It is political dynamite. It may have to be brought up for discussion, however, if the United States takes * bigger hand in Indochina. While both the United States and Britain sent draftees to Korea, Prance does not send them into foreign fighting in what is technically peacetime. It is forbidden by the 1950 law which made the conscription period 18 months instead of 12. Not Critical Before Until the defeat at Dien Bien Phu, the problem was not considered too critical. Enough volunteers could be recruited, at special rates of pay, to supply the forces France considered necessary to fight in Indochina. Now that is changed and manpower is needed. War weary, discouraged, France wants peace most of all. If she can't get a negotiated pact at the Geneva conference, she insists she must have help if she is to go on fighting. A Cabinet member said recently: "France is not going to go on alone."If she doesn't get help, then she must find a way to lay down her arms honorably in Indochina." It is' not certain his view would prevail, but he is not alone in feeling France cannot continue alone. France has sounded out the United States on the chances for help. Both French and American sources say this possibility is "not excluded" at present, but no commitments have been made. May Have To Change Both sides say that if the United States sends effective numbers of air, sea or ground forces to help out with the fighting, draftees will have to be included.' But would the U. 8, Congress approve sending American conscripts to help when France refuses to send its own? A man close to the French-U. S. negotiations says the question hasn't come up—that so far the talks have been limited to policy questions. The French National Defense Committee has discussed briefly sending draftees but no decision has been reached. It might be possible to send conscripts to southern Indochina, where there is practically no fighting, so volunteers and regular army men could be released for the battle aones of the north. It is extremely unlikely, however, the shaky Laniel government would make a move so loaded with political trouble. >«* Issues in Army-McCarthy Hearing SECOND SCHOLARSHIP — Sherry Ann Kaffka. daughter of the Rev. and Mrs. Leonard Kaffka of Joiner, isn't having any trouble getting scholarships. The Shawnee High School graduate has won her second scholarship this year — to Arkansas Polytechnic College at Russellville. She won it in a statewide testing program for high school seniors. Earlier this year, she won a $1,000 Lion Oil Co. scholarship in an essay contest. House Group Okays Boost For Postal Workers WASHINGTON (JP)—Postal workers would get salary boosts ranging from $240 to $480 a year under a bill approved 14-10 by the House Post Office Committee yesterday. The raise would be temporary ending Oct. 1, 1955. The raise would average 1 per cent. Part-time and hourly workers would get a boost of 10 cents hourly. The committee put off action until .later on proposals to give other government workers more pay. Mountain Climber Stricken III In Himalayas NEW DELHI, India (??}— The Indian air force is standing by to rush aid to mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary, reported ill with pneumonia in the glacial Himalayas, a spokesman said today. But no request for help has yet been received. Hillary, a year ago tomorrow reached the summit if Mt. Everest, the world's tallest peak. The report of his illness was received here yesterday in an eight-day-old dispatch relayed by runner from Dr. William Siri, leader of an American expedition in the same region- Monroe Doctrine In his message to Congress in 1823, President Monroe announced that the United States would remain neutral in the political Affairs of Europe and that there was to be no colonization and no intervention by European countries in the Americas. PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT NO. 45 BE IT RESOLVED by the House of Representatives of the State of Arkansas, and by the Senate; a Majority ol all the Members Elected to Each House Agreeing Thereto: THAT THE FOLLOWING is hereby proposed as an amendment to the Constitution or the State of Arkansas, and upon being submitted to the electors of the State for approval or rejection at the next general election for Representatives and Senator, if «. majority of the electors voting thereon, at such an election, adopts such amendment, the same sh&ll become a part of the Constitution of the State or Arkansas, towit: SECTION 1. The Executive Department of this State consist of. a Governor. Lieutenant Governor. Secretary of State, Treasurer of State, Auditor of State, Attorney General and Commissioner of State Lands, all of whom shall keep their offices at the seat of Government, and hold their offices for the term of two years and until their successors are elected and qualified.. SECTION 2. The annual salaries of such State officers, which shall be paid in monthly Installments shall be as follows: The Governor, the sum of Fifteen Thousand Dollars ($15,000.00); the Lieutenant Governor, the sum of Three Thousand and Six Hundred Dollars ($3,600.00); the Secretary of State, the sum of Seven Thousand and Two Hundred Dollars ($7.200,00); the Treasurer of State, the sum of Seven Thousand and Two Hundred Dollars ($7,200.00): the Auditor of State, the sum of Seven Thouand and Two Hundred Dollars ($7,200.00); the Attorney General, the sum of Eight Thousand. Dollars ($8,000.00); and the Commissioner of State Lands, the sum of Six Thousand Dollars ($6,000.00) SECTION 3. The above mentioned State Officers shall be elected by the qualified electors of the State at large at the time of the regular general election for voting for members of the General Assembly: the returns of each election therefor shall be sealed up separately and transmitted to the seat of government by the returning officers not later than the last day of November or the year in which the election is held, and shall be directed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The General Assembly shall convene in special session on the first Monday in December of the year In •which the members of the General Assembly are elected and shall be in session for a period not to exceed three days, unless called into special session by the Governor. At such session of the General Assembly, and upon both Houses being organized, the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall open and publish the votes cast and given for each of the officers hereinbefore mentioned, in the presence of both Houses of the General Assembly. The person having the highest number of votes for each of the respective offices shall be declared duly elected thereto; and shall immediately begin his term of office; but If two or more shall be equal, the highest in votes for the same office, one of them shall by chosen by a Joint TOte of both Houses of the General As- By JAMES MAKLOW WASHINGTON (AP) — The people in the disjointed, mixed-up and sometimes almost disorderly McCarthy- Army hearings have all but overshadowed the issues. Some of the most unpredictable among the people involved still face their btg test: Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis); his subcommittee counsel, Roy M. Cohn ; Special Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch, and Ray Jenkins, special counsel for the Senate Investigating subcommittee. No one will have to testify as long as Robert T. Stevens, the dignified secretary of the Army, who was often vague nnd so consistently placid under McCarthy's jibes that he looked dull. When Army Counselor John G. Adams took the stand he provided some contrast, but not much. His precision was almost pedantic. He answered with an unemotional, brittle voice as if he were in a classroom explaining a problem in arithmetic. Backdrops While these two almost colorless men occupied the center of the stage for weeks, they looked like backdrops for more viaid people around them. Perhaps no one in a Senate hearing ever got so much personal publicity for saying so little as Welch, the 64-year-old Boston lawyer who makes a habit of bow ties and pushing his upper lip with a forefinger. With his head cocked in birdlike attentiveness. Welch sat day after day beside his client. Stevens, and in his eyes there was the skeptical and detached look of a man watching magicians through. a window. Witty, gracious and almost antique in his speech. Welch might have helped Stevens more if he had been less detached. Through the days that McCarthy pounded at Steven;-!, belittling his honesty and his intelligence, Welch seldom said anything. He could have interrupted to clarify ft point, slow up McCarthy or give Stevens a rest. His gentleness and reticence raise questions about his ability to handle McCarthy when it comes time to cross-examine the senator. His job will be to make McCarthy look like a liar, since this whole case is a problem in who's lying. McCarthy has shown signs of losing his temper easily. Can Welch trade on this by getting McCarthy excited, crossing him up, confusing him. or putting him to rout? At this moment, Welch is an unknown quantity in this respect. •Two Hats Jenkins, apparently a warm and friendly man off-stage, has had to wear two hats, requiring a fast personality shift. First he must give each witness direct examination, acting "ke the man's own lawyer, letting the witness lay his LITTLE LIZ— case on the table in the best light. Having done this, Jenkins immediately puts on the hat of th« cross-examiner. He can be rough. He was erit- cized for treating Stevens like a convicted criminal. The strong-jawed Jenkins, ...*. Tennessean, is now about to col- ide with the McCarthy side as he rioves toward cross-examination of 'ohn and McCarthy. This will b« a test for Jenkins, not only as a awyer but perhaps as a man. Will he tear Into McCarthy and 2ohn as freely and roughly as he did into Stevens and Adams? 6r will McCarthy be able to awe him nto timidity? Cohn. who has just started to .estify, has looked calm and con- .rolled so far. But he's only stating 1 case. He hasn't been cross- examined yet by Jenkins, Welch or the Investigating senators. Cohn showed earlier, when he was cross-examined briefly, that he can work up a big head of steam under pressure. He talked so fast and so much it was as if he were afraid there might not be enougii time left to get out all he wanted to sa>\ And McCarthy ? His political' career may depend on what he- says and how he says it when he goes under cross-examination. He's put this kind of heat on other people. What will he do when it happens to him? Most men don't settle down until they begin to slow down. ®NU« World's JuUj Most of the world's supply of jute is grown in the hot Ganges - Brah- maputra River delta of India. It Is woven into burlap and sacking cloth in the nearby mills of. Calcutta. sembly. and a majority of all the members elected, shall bo ucceaeory to a choice. SECTION 4 The General Assembly shall meet In regular session of sixty (60) days, which need not be continuous, at the seat of government every two years on the Hrst Monday In February of each odd numbered year until said time be changed by law. The members of the General Assembly shall receive as their, salary the sum of Twenty-four Hundred Dollars ($2,400.00). except the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall receive as his salary Twenty- five Hundred and Fifty Dollars ($2,550.00). for each period of two (2) years payable at such time and in such manner au the General Assembly may determine; and in addition to such salary the members of the General Assembly shall receive Ten Cents (lOc) per mile for each mile traveled in going; to and returning from the scat of government over the most direct and practicable route: and provided, further that when B ald members are required to attend an extraordinary or special session of the General Assembly, they shall receive in addition to salary herein provided, the sum of Twenty Dollars ($20.00) per day for each day they are required to attend, and mileage, at the same rate herein provided. SECTION 5. There is hereby created a Joint ad Interim committee of the General Assembly to be selected from Its membership, as may be provided by law, for the purpose of conduct- Ing research Into governmental problems and making audits of State ugencles. The General Assembly shall fix the amount of per diem and expenses of committee members and the compensation and expenses of the committee's employees. SECTION 6. ((a) The General As- Actrest Sues for D/roret SANTA MONICA, Calif. (A Charging mental cruelty, actress Gail Russell, 29, has sued actor Guy Madison, 32, for divorce. The couple, married in 1949 in Santa Barbara, Calif., have no children. They separated Dec. 2(1. For The COURIER NEWS In Caruthersville, Mo. CALL EUGENE CARNELL Caruthersville 473 for the COURIER NEWS in Osceola, BILLY BEALL, 567-M sembly tthall from time to time provide for the salaries and compensation or tho justices or the Supreme Court and for the salaries and expenses of tho Judges or the Circuit and Chancery Courtn of this State; provided, that such salaries and compensation of tho Justices of the Supreme Court and tho salaries and expenses of the Judges or tho Circuit and Chancery Courts stuill not be less than now provided by law. (b) inc ucncrai Assembly fihall by law determine tho amount and method of puyir.ent of Bitlnrles to the Commissioners of the Workmcns' Com- pcnsntlon Commission; provided, that the salary of »ny Commissioner shall not be less than now provided by law. (c) The General Assembly shall by Invy; determine the amount and method of payment of salaries of county officials. Nothlnp herein shall be construed us ubroptainp any right of the people as the State of Arkansas under the Initiative and Referendum provisions of the. Constitution of the stat utcs of Arkansas. (d) Thnt Suction 23 of Article XIX of the Constitution and Section 2 of Amendment IX to the Contltutlon ol tho State of Arkansas be and tho same are hereby repealed, SECTION 7, That Section 30 ol Article 7 of the Constitution of the State of Arkansas IB amended to read as follow: "For every five hundred electors there shall be elected one Justice of the peace, but every township however small, shall have two Justices of the peace." SECTJOiM o. This amendment shall be in force upon its adoption and shall not require legislative action to put it into force and effect. Approved: March .26. 1953. C. G. HALL Secretary of State $29/5 Sl.OO Weekly PAY as lifffe as *l°° A W££K DREIFUS Meet Dreifiis .^.TVear Diamonds MI, \vi:si \i\i\ ST. Point Closeout Many Types and Colon 1 Price Hubbord Hardware -Theatre- On West Main St. In Blythevillt Show Starts Weekdays 7:00 Sat.. Sun. 1:00 On Our Wide-Vision Metallic Screen LAST TIMES TONIGHT Double Feature MRMtrUMK • CMt 8CNTON K» • (UGBC KLE3MS • )M|M.| If HUM* AMI* M<t*i**rt$duf>r • Freftiarijr'i —AND— FUN IN THE HAREM! MUMUflCHM \> j JoMjMMSj HafemCirfl PLUS CARTOON SATURDAY Double Feature ALULUOFAIONESTAR'SAGA! HIT MELODY AND DRAMA! «it flM SOUS JF THE PIUNERS« btaft *rM —AND— BftODCMCK DONNA JOtW CRAWFORD REED DEREK Cartoon & "Return Of Capt. Marvel" Serial SAT. OWL SHOW 11:30 BORIS KARLOFF J Of At) V ELLEN DREW •MARC CtAMEi "Secret Code" Serial SUN., &MON. Doublt Feature MAN tN Cartoon A Short

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