The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 4, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Wednesday, May 4, 1898
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mmatt aa ^ ALGONA IOWA, >AY MAY 4, 1898, -"•--— - •••-- •... -.— „,--._ .....'.,. Congress Aets at Oftce oft Pfe.I* j dent's Recommendation, WO TIME WASTED IN HOUSE, t)ne Minnie And irooty-OH» Second* All That TV»» Consumed in the ! of the Bill—Text of the i Sent to Conirreas. Washington, April 27.—The following declaration of war was adopted by congress Monday and signed by the president: "A bill declaring that war exists between the United Statea of America and the kingdom of Spain. ; "Be it enacted, etc. ! "1. That war be and the same Is hereby declared to exist and that war Jiaa existed since the 21st day of April, lA. D. 1S98, including said day, between the United States of America and the kingdom of Spain. "2. That the president of the United States be and he hereby is directed and empowered to use the entire land and naval forces of the United States and to call into the actual service of the trailed States the militia of the sev- • era! states, to such extent as may be necessary to carry this act Into effect." Washington, April 27. — Congress {Monday declared war with Spain and formally fixed Thursday last, April 21, Us the day upon which hostilities commenced. The president sent to congress soon after the two houses con- fvened a message reciting the diplo- pnatic correspondence which terminated In Minister Woodford being given ihls passports, and urged that a resolution declaring war be Adopted. The '(bill was taken up by unanimous con- Bent, read, and, without debate or di- jvlsion, adopted without a dissenting [voice. It was before the house exactly (one minute and forty-one seconds. i The bill reached the senate shortly (before 3, was read and, upon the motion pf Mr. Davis, chairman of the foreign Delations committee, laid on the table. IA secret legislative session was at ionce ordered.the galleries were cleared, iand the senate proceeded to discuss Several propositions which were put jforward looking to amendments for (the recognition of the independence and [the belligerency of the Cuban insur- ,gents. Senators Turpie and Morgan piade extended speeches, and a vote was token, which resulted in the amendments being defeated and the bill being agreed to as it passed the house. The completed bill was taken from the capitol by the clerk of the euroll- llng division, and reached the white (house a few minutes before 6. The tenrolled copy of the bill was laid before the president in his office im- (mediately on its arrival, and he at jonce went over the phraseology with Ithe attorney-general. The president's signature was affixed at 6:18, and the jmeasure was then the law of the land. lit will now follow the regular course iof executive documents, and will be Isent to the rolls division of the state department, where it will be printed and published, as are other laws. Following is the message sent to icc-iisress by the president recommend- ilng aideclaration of war against Spain: "To the senate and house of representatives of the United States of 'America: "I transmit to congress for its consideration and appropriate action copies of correspondence recently had with ith.6 representative of Spain in the [United States with the United States (minister at Madrid, and through the (latter with the government of Spain, •Bhowing the action taken under the Joint resolution approved April 20, 1898, 'for the recognition of the inde- jpendence of the people of Cuba, de- toanding that the government of Spain Relinquish its authority and government in the island of Cuba and to withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters, and di- *ecting the president of the United (States to carry these resolutions into (effect. 1 . "Upon communicating with the Spanish minister In Washington the demand which it became the duty of the executive to address to the government of Spain, in obedience to said tresolution, the said minister asked for bis passports and withdrew. The iQnited States minister at Madrid was In turn notified by the Spanish minister lor foreign affairs that the withdrawal of the Spanish representative from the United States had terminated diplomatic relations between the two countries, and that all official communications between their respective representatives ceased therewith. "I recommend to your especial attention the note addressed to the United States minister at Madrid by the (Spanish minister for foreign affairs on the 21st inst, whereby the foregoing notification was conveyed. It will he perceived therefrom that the govern- jnent of Spain, having cognizance of the joint resolution of the United States congress, and iu view of things 'which the president Is thereby required and authorized to do, responds 1)7 treating the representative demands of this government as measures of hostility, following with that instant and complete severance of relations by JtS action whereby tbe usage »J nations accompanies an existent j&tate of war feetiareea sovereign powers,, "The posittyD, of Spain being thus made knpwn, and the demands of the V»(ted, States b^lng denied, with a complete rupture pf intercourse by tbe t' pjf, Ppajn, I hjnre Seep, eonstraiijed, of tbe power £nd authority peB ,«p by the joint resor afpregaid, to proclaim, undw Idflte Vl Ayril 22, 18R » blockade of "Serfafn" pbfts of'tfie nortfi coast'of CnlM| lying oeiweeii Cardenas anfl Bahij Honda, and of the port of Cfenfuegat on the south coast of Cuba; and further, id exercise of my constitutional powers, and using the authority con-, ferred upon me by the act of congress approved April 22, 1898, to issue my proclamation dated April 23, 1898, call- Ing for volunteers in order to carry into effect the said resolutions of April 20, 1898. Copies of these proclamations are hereto appended. "In view of the measures so taken, and with a view to the adoption of such other measures as may be necessary to enable me to carry out the expressed •will of the congress of the United States in the premises, 1 how recommend to your honorable body the adoption of a joint resolution declaring that a state of war exists between the United States of America and the kingdom of Spain, and I urge speedy action thereoff, to the end that the definition of the international status of the United States as a belligerent power may be made known, and the assertion of a\l its rights and the maintenance of all Its duties in the conduct of a public war may be assured. "WILLIAM M'KINLEY. "Executive Mansion, Washington, April 25, 1898." SHERMAN STEPS.OUT. Stars and Stripes Soon to Float Over Hawaii, ARE NOT 10 BE ANNEXED, "Till J'ro1m1>l.t Bo tTnect n» n Hifce of Supplies for the AraM-lctin Fleet Little Opposition Kxpccted to lie Shown 1>J- Congrcsft. Judge Day, His First Assistant, to Be Secretary of State. Washington, April 27.—Mr. Sherman's resignation of the portfolio of state was handed to the president Mon- .v't JOHN SHERMAN, day and accepted. It is said his fating faculties have made him useless for nearly a year, and he has been intrust- ed with no important responsibilities. Judge Day, who is to be appointed to succeed him, has been de facto secre- ary of the state, with the aid and advice of the president, and the affairs of the department have been conducted vithout Mr. Sherman's knowledge. TO IIKAD OFF TIIK FOE. Fleet on New Euglunil Coast—To Protect the Purls from Spain's Ships. Newport, R. L, April 27.—The emirs Columbia and Minneapolis part- id company off Hampton Roads Sat- irday night, and at 11 o'clock Monday he former came into this harbor while he latter was at that hour sighted off 31ock island, going eastward at full peed. It is generally believed here, both at the naval station and at the fort, that they will be the nucleus of the American fleet that will first meet the Spanish squadron. These two cruisers will probably have another warship with them. It is thought a battleship may be sent to re.inforce them. They will also be supported by the dynamite cruiser Vesuvius and the torpedo boats Talbot, Gwiu and Morris, now here, all of which are equipped ready for war. It seems that some of the naval authorities now share the opinion of the department at Washington that the Spanish squadron may pursue the Yale (formerly the Paris) and drive her to the New England coast. Washington, April 30.—The senate committee on foreign relations held a meeting Thursday for further consideration of the annexation of the Hawaiian islands. Nothing was done, but it is expected that the next news from Honolulu will be to the effect that the right has been granted to the United States to take possession of the islands without formal annexation. When President Dole, after his visit to Washington, left for home lie carried with him the draft of a bill to submit to tha Hawaiian legislature, which would, in the event of war, place the islands under the American flag and allow this government to establish there a base for operations in the Pacific. This would not compel any action on the part of Minister Sewall or Admiral Miller, but to accept the offer of a base of supplies during the war it would not be necessary for congress to take any action. The president, exercising his war power, could take possession of the harbor and make that his base of supplies in the Pacific. This would be of considerable importance in connection with Commodore Dewey's movements. He has been compelled to take his fleet from Hong Kong because of the neutrality declaration of Great Britain, and with all the other powers declaring their neutrality, this fleet will have no base of supplies in Asiatic waters. It is anticipated that the next important war news will be that Dcwey has engaged the Spanish fleet at Manila in the Philippine islands, and that he may take that port. It is, however, argued by naval authorities that it would not be a strategic move to take Manila and be compelled to hold it; that it would be better for Commodore Dewey to destroy the Spanish fleet and then move to a base of supplies, where he could take coal and ammunition and be ready for further operations. The Hawaiian islands would be a base of operations only about half way across the Pacific, and from that point the fleet could watch for offensive movements in our Pacific coast. SKA FIGHT N1SAK AT HAND. FOKCE LANDS IN CUBA. Detail from Porter Explores Coast for a Landing; for Troops. Key West, April 27.—The torpedo boat Porter Sunday night landed a force in Cuba—the first during the war. Lieutenant Fremont, commander of the Porter, himself led the party, under cover of darkness. The Porter stole in fairly under the guns of the land batteries until she found a suitable landing place .near Mariel, hardly a dozen miles from Havana. The party explored the shore for over an hour, going far enough inland to ascertain just what a landing force would have to contend with. The Porter party were not disturbed, though they were close enough to hear the sentinels at the batteries. MAY SOON GO TO CUBA. Report at Chlckiunuguu That 4,000 Troops Will Start Next Week. Chattanooga, Tenii., April 27.— It is reported in Chattanooga that about 4,000 United States Infantry troops are 1 to be sent to Cuba the first of next' week to open the way for the regular United States standing army. The in-i formation came from an authentic source. It was communicated to the. park and created a stir among the soldiers. The report is pretty generally; credited by them, they having expected something of the kind. No details of; the reported order are known. '. Germany's Position. Berlin, April 27.— Jt ia announced semi-offlciaUy that Germany, fpllowlng the course adopted in the China-Japan and tbe Turkq-Gi^ek wave, will npt is-, sue a declaration of neutrality, the idea, being to preserve her freedoin of ac- t|pn,and "to be iu a position to intervene if she. considers it necessary." Leaven O,u.e«n»tpwn, Queenstown, April 27.— The Spanish rpedo, boat Mfla?, wbicb has been, in. 4ry dock here for tbe past three weeks, tailed for Qadia, War Ships May Soon Meet in the Vicinity of Manila. Washington, April 30.— Naval officers and department officials are awaiting further news from the Asiatic squadron with eager interest. They expect the first naval battle of the war to be fought in the vicinity of the Philippine Islands, possibly by to-night, but probably not before Sunday. Commodore George Dewey's squadron of seven war ships are to do the work. Reports from Manila say the Spanish fleet has steamed out of that harbor to intercept tbe American squadron. It is possible they will meet on the high seas some time to-day, but the reports as to the intentions of the Spanish commander are distrusted. He may have left Manila to escape instead of to fight. ' There is little fear in official circles here of the result of- a sea fight between these two fleets. The enemy has more ships, but some of them are old wooden hulks, and their armament does not compare with the equipment of the modern steel ships of the American squadron. AGREE ON APPROPRIATION BILL. Navul Conferees Have Derided to Sot AH!<|O *57, OOO.OOO. Washington, April 30. — The conferees on the naval appropriation bill reached an agreement last evening aud the report will be completed to-day. As completed the bill will carry a total of nearly $57,000,000, which is some $19,000,000 greater than when it passed tne house, and ?32,000,000 more than the appropriation for the current year. In the main the amendments made by the senate were adopted by the conferees, it being recognized that they were demanded by the exigencies of the occasion. The most important of these amendments authorize the building of four harbor defense monitors and increasing the number of torpedo boat destroyers from twelve to sixteen, When a law the bill will authorize the increase of the navy by three seagoing battleships, each of 11,000 tons displacement, carrying the heaviest armor and most powerful armament, to cost, exclusive of armor and armament, $3,000,000 each; three coast defense monitors, sixteen torpedo boat destroyers, twelve torpedo boats, and one gunboat for the great lakes to cost $260,000. Kl'MOKS PLKASK MADKID. AVurohlps Are Reported as lio- liitf Sunk ami Ashore. Madrid, April 30.— It is reported here that the Spanish warships have sunk an American warship in Philippine waters. The government has received no confirmation of the report. Prime Minister Sagasta does not believe that an encounter could have happened yet, as the American squadron was not expected to arrive in the vicinity of •Manila prior to Friday or Saturday. The populace is elated over #ie report of the alleged stranding of an American warship on the coast of Pinar del Rio, and the rumored sinking of another American vessel by the Spanish fleet at the Philippines. Jp*epU Aids Spain. London, April 30.— The Vienna correspondent of the Morning PQSI says; "Emperor Francis Joseph privately contributed £20,000 ($100,000) to th national naval subscription in Spain, and has further shown his sympathy by permitting a number of Austro-Hunga rian officers to join the Spanish flag Tho Archduke Eugene has gone to Madrid to stay with the queen regen during this critical period. Austria maintains the strictest neutrality, but I am informed from the best source that in the event of n revolution in Madrid the Austrian forces will be a the disposal of the queen regent. The emperor is determined that her majesty shall have the benefit of his fullest protection." May Stop Spanish Amlm«snclor. London, April 29.—The Spanish ambassador, Count von Rascon, and Countess de Casa Velencia, wife of the former Spanish ambassador here, have, opened funds in connection with the war between Spain and the United States. The fund of the countess.how- ever, is only intended for the relief ol the sick and wounded, but the subscriptions being collected by the Spanish ambassador are toward the national fund being raised by Spain to increase the strength of the Spanish fleet. This is regarded as a serious abuse of diplomatic privilege and therefore questions on the subject are promised in the house of commons. dinned hy n Wni'Hhlp Kingston, Jamaica, April 29.—The English engineer of the Spanish steamer Telesfora, which put in here yesterday (while on her way from Galveston to Liverpool) says the steamer was chased when off southwestern Cuba, after leaving the Yucatan shoals, April 23, by a small war ship flying the American flag. The captain of the Telesfora thought the war ship was Spanish, but put on all steam on the chance that she really was American. The Telesfora made fourteen knots and her pursuer eleven knots an hour. The warship continued the chase for several hours, firing at intervals, but without effect. Warship Off Maine CO:IH(. New York, April 29,—The schooner Rebecca W. Huddell, captain Tower, from St. John, N. B. which reached City Island early today, reports that at 6:30 o'clock Tuesday morning, twenty- five miles southeast of Portland, Me., a, large war ship painted black was seen. The war ship followed the Rebecca W. Huddell for half an hour, at a distance of about eight miles. The wind was blowing half a gale from cast-northeast and Capt. Tower crowded all possible sail on the schooner. The steamer made no perceptible gain and then turned about and went off in an east-southeast direction. Gives the President Authority. Washington, April 30.—The'senate committee on military affairs has made a favorable report on a bill authorizing the enlistment of an additional brigade of volunteer engineers. In connection with the offer made by recently organized troops in the South who have had yellow fever, the president is empowered to enlist, without regard to appor-, tionment among the states, a volunteer force not exceeding 10,000 men, possessing immunity from diseases incident to tropical climates. Spanish Officers Threaten. Atlanta, Ga., April 30.—It is said that an engagement has been entered into by the Spanish officers in the Cuban capital by which, rather than have the city fall intact into the hands ol the Americans, they will massacre every American sympathizer aud raze Havana to the ground. The first symptom of American occupation will be the signal for this action. Thousands of Cubans are leaving Havana from fear of this threat. First Allotment to Stand. Washington, April 30.—Adjutant- General Corbin said Thursday that the secretary of war has decided to adhere to the allotments already made to the various states and territories under the president's call for 125,000 men for service in the volunteer army, and thai it is only a waste of time for the officials of the different states to endeavor to have their allotments increased. Avo Still at St. Vincent. St. Vincent, Cape Verde Islands April 30.—The Spanish squadron is still at anchor here, Dispatches were received from Madrid last night, and it is believed the warships will leave to-day. The paymasters have been settling their accounts, which increases the belief that a movement is contemplated. Sampson Wants More. Washington, April 30—Admiral Sampson wants more fight. He has informed the navy department that the Spaniards are placing batteries along the coast several miles from Havana and he begs for permission to shell them. Whether he has received instructions in reply cannot yet be learned. I5rn/.ll Sells Her Torpedoes. Vienna, April 30.—The torpedo fac- ory at Flume has sold.to the United States government sixty torpedoes which were ortlere'd by Brazil. The sale was made with the consent of the Brazilian government. Thirty of the tor- >edocs have already been delivered. Spanish Torpedo-Bout Sails. London, April 30.—A dispatch to Lloyds from Buenos Ayres states that he Spanish torpedo gunboat Temara- •io, which had been lying at that port ! or some time, sailed Wednesday under secret instructions. Hope for UlHidgtowo tilvon yp. Hawardeu, April 30'.—During Thursday Mr. Gladstone had occasional illght attacks pf pain and did not sleep ery well. Miss Helen Gladstone, re- jlyiijg to a letter of sympathy, writes, •eferring to the illness of,her father: 'Wo cannot hope for his recovery, but hq progress of bis illness is very slow, will probably remain with us foi spme tJme." A WOMAN'S , From the Efcaing News, Detroit. Mich. . The women of to-day are not as strong w their grandmothers. They are bearing burden in silence that grows heavier day I . dny ; that is sapping their vitality and clout ing their happiness. ; Mts. Alexander B. Clnrk, of 417Mlcbigfl Avenue, Detroit, is a typical -woman of to day. A wife -with such ambition as only loving wife can have. But the joys of he life were tnarred by the existence of disease Suffering as thousands of her sisters hnv suffered, BUO almost despaired of life yet she was cured. """* " For five years I suffered with ovarian trouble," is Mrs. Clnrk'g own version of the story. "I was not free one single dny from headache nnd intense twitch- inp pains in my neck nnd shoulders. Fof months at a time I would he confined to my bed. At times black spots would apponr before my eyes nnd I wonld be- I became blind. come blind. My nerves were in such state that, a step on the floor unsettled me. i "Eminentdootors. Bkillfulnurses,thel>es food nnd medicine all foiled. Then I con Rented to an operation. That, too, failed n ud they said another was necessary. After the second 1 was worse than ever and the World ivns darker than before. ) "It wns then I hoard of Dr. Williams Pinlt Pills for Pole People. I heard that 'tboy had cured cases like mine and I tried them. | "They cured me! They brought sun Vihine to iny life aud filled my cup with hap •plness. The headache is gone ; the twitch .ing is gone; the nervousness is gone: the trembling has ceased, and I have gained •twenty-six pounds. Health and strength if mine and I am thankful to Dr. Williams Pink Pills for Pale People for the blessing.' 1 These pills are a boon to womankind, Acting directly on 1 the blood and nerves they restore the requisite vitality to all parts of the body; creating functional regularity and perfect harmony throughout the tier ,yous system. The pallor of the cheeks is .changed to the delicate blush oC health ; the eyes brighten; the muscles grow clastic ambition is created and good health returns. I'ntrlotlc Preferences. Tlis Wife — They must be very patriotic in Wiill street. The Farmer— I suppose so. His Wife— Oh, yes, indeed! Here's a report with a whole lot in it tibaut '•American Sugar preferred' 1 tint "American Tobacco preferred." STORMS THIS YEAR. 1'rof. Hicks oil tlie JIiiU Storms oC 189S Perhaps there is no man in the United States who lias as thorough a knowledge, and who has so accurately forecasted great storms in ourAVestcrii States :is HKV. Inn II. HICKS. His Almanac is universally iicloiowl edged is the best, and the following taken from his puper, AVord and Works, will no doubt be ol! interest to those interested in growing crops which are exposed to the elements. TALKS O\ HAin STOJIMS. In many western and northwestern mrts of our country, destructive hail itorius are much to be dreaded, espcc- ally tit seasons of tbe year when grow- 'ng crops or ripened harvests arc exposed to their fury. Farmers and ,hose who represent many other tranches of industry know how mcrci- essly ruinous these bail storms are, ind it is not surprising that they should seek all possible information on ,he subject;. Hundreds of importunate etters reach our table, asking our opinion as to the caiise of these storms — why they are more frequent and lestructivc one. yeai- than another, and when they are likely to be more frequent in tbe future. We have fre- juently explained in our Almanac and 11 AVord and Works why hail storms arc more frequent, from purely tev- cstriiil causes, about the month of Vpril than any other time of year. This animal period is greatly aggra- ated when certain other astronomical causes combine in April. But tbe hail itorms most to be dreaded by our i'icnds out over the great grain belts, ire those which occur later in tbe season, and when, any combination of causes seem to forebode heavy bail torms in tbe summer months, it becomes matter of vital interest to wide icctions of our country. Iri "Tbe Planetary Storm Prophet," vhich we printed and copyrighted in October, 1884, we made this statement: Observation will show that almost all iolent bail storms occur during' jquinoxes of Venus and Vulcan combined." And now after fourteen years if additional and careful observation, ve confidently assert the Venus dis- urbances are marked in a phenomenal vay by destructive, electrical storms if thunder and bail. As we write this tern, March tbe llth, we are near the enter of a Venus equinox, and even at his early date, with blizzards raging' lorUiward, terrific hail and thunder ,rc reported from Texas and other sec- ions of the south. A glance at our storm diagrams for une and July on pages 34 to !!7 of onr Almanac for 18118, will show that the lext Venus period covers a large part )f our central summer this year. This jeing the case, there arc good grounds o apprehend frequent and disastrous mil storms, about the time they are to >e most dreaded in northwestern sec- ions. At this time of year Minnesota, owa.and corresponding latitudes east ind west of those states, lie as a rule ilong the tract of the most violent bail torms. AVe believe that the dates ibout wbicb the worst storms occur are laid down in our storm dia- There seems to be no escape from lie loss entailed by these bail storms, inless it be by some mutual nr- •angements by which farmers and oth- !rs can indemnify each other in case of oss. Tbe paths of destruction, .are us- uilly narrow, so that the many who scape, if trustworthy arrangements ire made, can easily share the misfort- uies of the few. There is notbing uorc equitable and business-like than lonest, judicious insurance against oss by bail storms and tornadoes, AVe iavc always commended tbe wisdom of such precautions. 7 Tho fifth marriage of Edward Dorsey, a colored man, was recently wit- icssed at Indianapolis, when he wed' led Mrs. Harriett Jefferson. His age •s nearly 100 years, and by his previous vjves ho had forty children. on't Tobnrco ,S|iit Bnd Smoke Your lift Aim To quit tobacco easily and forever, be magnetic, 1'ull of life nerve and vigor, take ^o-To-Bac, the wonder worker, that makes veal? meu btroujf. All druergists, 50o or f 1. "Jure guuruuteed. Booklet aud saniplp free AUdret-s Sterling Ueuierly Co., Chicago or ew Vovk. JTKMS OF Johnny—Pnpn, what's a hypo- Miondriac? Papa-'Ic is a fellow who •only seas bis good chances by looking back. Amono- the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh" century men wore gloves, while women covered their hands with their sleeves. \ Chinaman always takes spirits, usually rice whisky, with his meals but he drinks moderately, and never apart from meals. She-Yes; they say there's a fool in every family. Don't you think? He— Er—woll, you sec, I'm the only mem- bcr of the family. It is estimated that, the amount oi wafer precipitated on this globe annually in the form of rain, snow, etc., is 20,000 cubic miles. Tamie David, a native Hindoo, lost caste by engaging in the sale of liquoi in Cevlon. He is now a convert to Christianity, and is trying to Christianize the Christians in Chicago. A 8100,000 boot and shoo factory will be opened in Atlanta next month nnd Georgia will begin to compete with another of the great industries ol Massachusetts. Oscar AVilde was recently asked: "How are English prisoners treated/ "AVhv. v he responded. "England treats her prisoners so badly that she don t deserve to have any."' For preventing a railroad disaster by the. timely discovery of a broken rail and the stopping of an approaching train a locomotive engineer at Halle on the Saalc received a reward of two marks (:,0 cents) from the railroad company. ______ Postnl Tclograph Improvement. About May 10, the Postal Telegraph company will install in the Chicago Great Western dynamo room, at Oelwein, Iowa, the heart ot the Great Western system, an engine dynamo and six motor dynamos, to furnish power for their telegraph service in this district. The power necessary is beyond the capacity or the old style batteries, of which GOO colls will be displaced. The engine will be direct-connected (i. e., without belting) to a 220-volt dynamo. This will furnish current to six motor- dynamo machines, three of which supply current of 200 volts, and the other three supply 140 volts each, direct to the wires through the switch hoard in the depot office. The great amount of current needed Is due to the fact that Oelwcin is the terminal for some of the longest single wires in this country and the center of the Postal Telegraph system operating upon the lines of the Chicago Great Western railway: The current from the machines will he obtained at an expense of about one- fourth of that from batteries and is of greater reliability. The cost of making these changes will be about $2,500, and the plant will be a model one oJ its kind. Female spies, acting in tbe interest of tbe Spaniards, are numerous in Havana. They ingratiate themselves iu> to the favor of suspected Americans aud endeavor to purloin compromising correspondence. . Tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad company has opened a new freight tor. mlnal, with yard facilities, at the fool of West 2(ith street, on the Hudson river, in New York city. A large plat o) ground between 26th and 27th streets fronting on 13th avenue, was secured, and tracks were laid to accomodate 101 cars; and in addition a warehouse, 30( x25 feet, was built. Tracks have bees laid across 13th avenue to the pier and a new bridge and other necessarj adjuncts have been built to facilitatt the handling of cars from floats to tht land. The establishment of this ter> minal enables the Baltimore and Ohi< Railroad company to gather businesi from the extensive lumber-yards anl the piano, structural Iron, boiler and other manufacturing Industries in thai vicinity. The delivery of freight foi firms in that neighborhood is also fa, cilitated by the improvement. Two-thirds of all the letters which pass through the postofliecs of tti« world are written or sent to people who speak English. Now Invonlions. sues & Co.. 'Patent Solicitors. v ha, have just procured a Patent! for Henry Hocshen, an Omaha inventor, who utilizes the weight of a railroad train as it passes over the rails to drive machinery. The device promises to be exceedingly valuable and a company has been organized. Free information can be obtained by addressing Sues & Co., Bee Building Omaha, Neb. The doctors in Sweden never send bills to their patients, the amount of remuneration being left entirely to the generosity of the latter. Homcseekorg' Excursions. On the first and third Tuesdays in May and June, 1898, the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway will sell round-trip excursion tickets (good for il days) to a great many points in South and North Dakota and other western and southwestern states, at practically one fare for the round trip. Take a trip west and see .what an amount of good land can be purchased for very little money. .Further infor-r mation as to rates, routes, prices of !arm lands, etc., may be obtained on application to any coupon ticket agent ov by addressing George H. Heafford, "eneral Passenger^Agent, Chicago, 111. Fax— The diamond is the hardest known substance'. De Witte— Yes— to got. Gross earnings of the Chicago Qreat Western railway for the second yeek of April were ?S.8.CSt5.87, an incYease, compared with 0 7!i.r,;«.7.T tor the last year . *'..', :I;::.M.

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