The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 20, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 20, 1898
Page 6
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i^j»0il&^ Iggg |ft','lC v .t*0«Ifel§ Notlleiofflie Condition '^/•V' 1 " ' In Cuba. • ;tffUrti5U&H : ftlVllW ,OP FACTS * •. * itittfc at in CnbA tit Shotri Thftt '8pfllH Cttn Not Nfettttfeis iu Cubata WatSrn, Go+ct-nmeh Washington, April 11— Th* president Motiday sent a message to the congress of the United States, substantially as follows; "Tfie preset revolution Is but the stio- e*ssor of other similar insurrehtlorts which liave occurred in Cuba against the dominion of Stain, extending over a period wf nearly half ft century, each of which, during Its progress, has subjected the United States to great effort agd e*pehse In enforcing Its neutrality laws, caused enormous losses to the American trade and commerce, caused irritation, annoyance and disturbance among our citizens, ahd by the exercise of cruel, barbarous and uncivilized practices of warfare, Shocked the sensibilities and offended the Humane sympathies of our people. "We have found ourselves constrained, In the observance of that strict neutrality which our laws enjoin and which the law of nations commands, to police our own waters and watch our own seaports in prevention of any unlawful act' In aid of the Cubans, bur trade has suffered, the capital Invested by our citizens In Cuba has been largely lost, and the temper and forbearance ol our people have been so Sorely tried as to beget a perilous unrest among pur own citizens: "In -April, 1896, the evils from which our country suffered through the Cuban war became so onerous that my predecessor made an effort to bring about a pence through the mediation of this government In any way that might tend to an honorable adjustment of the contest between Spain and her revolted colony, on the .basis of some effective scheme of self- government for Cuba under the flag and sovereignty of Spain. It failed, through the ' refusal of the Spanish government then In power to consider any form of mediation, or indeed any plan of settle- ment which did not begin with the actual submission of the insurgents to the mother country, and then only on sucli terms as Spain herself might see fit to grant. .The war continued unabated. The resistance of the insurgents was in no^ wise diminished. "The policy of devastation and concentration, inaugurated by the captain-general's bando of Oct. 21, 1896, in tlie province of FInar del Rio, was afterward extended to embrace all of the Island to which the power of the Spanish arms was able to reach by occupation or by military operations. , The peasantry, including all dwelling ; 'in the agricultural inferior, were driven into the garrison towns or Isolated places held by the .troops. The raising and movement of provisions of all kinds were interdicted. The fields were laid waste, dwellings unroofed and fired, mills destroyed, and, in short, everything that could desolate the land and render It unfit for human habitation or support was commanded by one or the other o? the contending parties, and executed by all the powers at their disposal. The agricultural population, to the estimated number of 300,000 or more, was herded within the towns and their immediate vicinage, deprived of the means of support, rendered destitute of shelter, left poorly clad, and exposed to the most unsanitary conditions. "As the scarcity of food increased with the devastation of the depopulated areas of production, destitution and want bo- t qamo misery and starvation, Month by month the death rate increased in an alarming ratio. By\.March, 1897, accord- Ing to conservative estimates from official Spanish tources, the mortality among the reconcentrados from starvation and the disease thereto incident, exceeded M per centum of their total number. No practical relief was accorded to the destitute. The unfortunates, being for the most part women and children, with aged and helpless men, enfeebled by disease and hunger, could not till. the soil, without tools, -seed or shelter, for their own support or for the supply of the cities. neconcentration, adopted avowedly as u 'war measure In order to cut off the rer sources of the insurgents, worked its predestined result. As I said In my message of last December, It was not civilized warfare; it was extermination. The only peace it could beget was that of the wilderness and the grave. [ : , "Meanwhile the military situation in the island had undergone a noticeable! change. The -extraordinary activity that characterized the second year of the war, When the Insurgents Invaded. even, the hitherto unharmed fields of Pinar del JUo and carried havoc and destitution up to the walls of the city of. Havana Itself, ••ad relapsed Into a dogged struggle in lo central and eastern provinces. The panlsh arms regained a measure of control in Pinar del Rio and parts of Havana, but, under the existing conditions of the rural country, without Immediate Improvement of their productive situation. Even thus partially restricted the revolutionists held their own, and their submission, put forward by Spain as the •essential and sole basis of peace, seemed as far distant as at the outset. "In this state of affairs, my administration found Itself confronted with the grave problem of Its duty. My message of last December reviewed the situation and detailed the steps taken with a view of relieving its acuteness and opening the way to some form of honorable settlement:, The assassination of the prime minuter, Canovas, led to a change of government in Spain. The former administration,: pledged to subjugation without eoncesslpn, gave place to that of a more liberal party, committed long in advance to a policy of reform Involving the wider principles of home rule for Cubp. and Porto Rico. The overtures of tUis government, made through 4ts new envpy, Gen. Woodford, and looking to an immediate and effective amelioration ot the condition of the island, although not accepted tq the extent of admitted mediation in any shape, were met by assurances that home ruje, Jn an advanced phase, would be forthwith offered to Cuba without waiting for ' the war to end, and that more humane methods should thencefprth prevail iu the conduct of hostilities. "While these negotiations were Jn prog- -reas, the increasing destumJon of- the unfortunate reconjpentradoa and the alarming mQrtj&llty amopg them claimed attention. 1'h.e sucpesjj which had. gov- past <#«, limited . O t reUet ex, rH , to the suffering American citizens, theea.b.y Me, judicious/expenditure ,. ,tJ>f .owujHjlar n.genctes pf the appropriated, exp r e S aiy by the Joint the of humanity and to put an end to the barbarities, bloodshed, starvation, and horrible miseries now «^lst- Jng there, and which the parties to the conflict are either Enable or unwilling to stop or mitigate. . " "T,ho rtght to intervene may be Justified by the; very serious injury to t.|5e cqm- tnoree, trajrte Ana Business of our people ^nfl by th$ wantqn. destruction of proper, jty »na Seyastatlfln'of the island. F , M t j*ay$ft}r««,4y.f '"" *6mrnltteo have been ftbeompnsKgdf fntfch. rtKf and ««&gHe« has _. -_ 6* H*es ftaf 6 beeri savM, fhe necessity JfOr a . Is rteogniisSS fey the Sjahish «r*nfncni.- Within a few day» th8 order* of Gen. Weyler bwrn revoked, the art, it is said, to be .permitted td return to their Jiotnes, and aided to resume the seIf-«uppbHlhSf pursuits Of peace; public t«Jrks h&Ve been Ordered" to give them empfoyAftertt. and a sum of *600,dOO has been appropriated for theif relief; *af itt Cuba ia of such a'"nature that short of subjugation of extermination, a final military victory for either side Seems Impracticable. The alternative lies In the physical exhaustion of the one or the other party, or perhaps bf both—a condition which In effect ended the ten years' War by the truce of 2anjon. Thft pfospect ot such a protraction and conclusion of the present strife Is a contingency hardly to be contemplated with equanimity by the civilized world, ahd least of ali by the United States, affected and Injured as we are, deeply and intimately, by its Very existence. "Realizing' this, it appeared to be my duty, in a spirit of true frleftdllness, no less to Spain than to the Cubans, who have so much to lose by the promulgation of :he struggle, to seek to bring 'about an mmedlate termination of the War. To this end I submitted, on the 27th ultimo., as a result of much representation and correspondence through the United States minister at Madrid, propositions to the Spanish government looking to an armls- ice until Oct. 1, for the negotiation of >eaca with the good offices of the president. "The reply of the Spanish authorities was received on the night of the 31st ultimo. It offers, as the means to bring about peace in Cuba, to confide the preparation thereof to the Insular department, nasmuch as the concurrence of that body would be necessary to reach a final result, t being, however, understood that the rowers reserved by that constitution to 'he central government are not lessened ir diminished. As the Cuban parliament does not meet until the fourth of May text, the Spanish government would not ibjcct, for its part, to accept at once a uspenslon of hostilities, If asked for by he insurgents from the general-ln-chlef, o whom it would pertain, in such case, o determine the duration and conditions f the armistice. Prom Gen. Woodford's xplanatory reports of preliminary discus- Ions preceding the final conference it is nderstood that the Spanish government tands ready to give the insular congress ull powers to settle the terms of peace vlth the insurgents, whether by direct egotlatlons or Indirectly by means of leg- slatlon does not appear. "With the last overture in the direction f Immediate peace and its disappointing eccption by Spain, the executive was rought to the end of his effort. "In my annual message of December ast I said: " 'Of the untried measures there remain: Recognition of the insurgents as belliger- nts, recognition of the Independence of uba, neutral intervention to end the war y Imposing a rational compromise be- wecn the contestants and Intervention in avor of one or the other party. I speak ot of forcible annexation, for that can ot be thought of. That, by our code of lorallty, would be criminal aggression. "Thereupon I reviewed these alterna- ves, in the light of President Grant's neasured words, uttered In 1875, when after seven years of sanguinary, destructive and cruel barbarities In Cuba he reached Iho conclusion that the recognition of the independence of Cuba was impracticable and indefensible, and that the recognition of belligerence was not warranted by the facts according to the tests of public law. I commented especially upon the latter, aspect of the question, pointing out the inconveniences, and positive dangers of a recognition of belligerency which, while adding to the already onerous burdens of neutrality within our own jurisdiction, could not in any way extend our influence or effective offices In the territory of hostilities. Nothing has since occurred to change my view in this regard—and I recognize as fully now as then that the issuance of a proclamation of neutrality, by which process the 'so-called recognition, of belligerence Is published, could, of itself and unattended by other action, accomplish nothing toward the one end for which we labor, the instant pacification of Cuba and the cessation of the misery that afflicts the Island. "Turning to the question of recognition at this time of the independence of the present insurgent government in Cuba, wo find safe precedents in our history from an early day. They are well summed up in President Jackson's message to cori- gress, Dec. 21, 1836, on the subject of the recognition of the independence of Texas. He said; 'The uniform policy and practice of the United States is to avoid all interference in disputes which merely relate to the internal government of other nations, and eventually to recognize the authority of the prevailing party without reference to our particular Interests and views, .or to the merits of the original controversy. " 'But on this, as on every other trying occasion, safety is to be found In a riglrt adherence to principle. By pursuing it, we are but carrying out the long-established policy ot our government, a policy which has secured to us respect and influence abroad and inspired confidence at home.' " The president continues: "I do not think it would be wise or prudent for this government to recognize at the present time the independence of the so-called Cuban republic. To commit this country now to the recognition of any particular government in Cuba might subject usf to embarrassing conditions of International obligation toward the organization so recognized. When it shall appear hereafter that there is within the Island a government capable of performing the duties and discharging the functions of a separate nation, and having, as a matter of fact, the proper forms and attributes of nationality, such government can be promptly and readily recognized, and the relations and interests of the United Slates with such nation adjusted. "There remain the alternative forms of intervention to end the war, either as an impartial neutral by imposing a'rational compromise between the contestants, or as the active ally of the one party or, the Other. "The forcible'Intervention of the United States as a neutral, to stop the war, according to the large dlctatc-s of humanity, and following by many historical precedents where neighboring: states have,interfered to check the hopeless sacritk-e of life by internecine conflicts beyohd their borders, la justUlable on latlonal grounds. It involve*?, however, hostile constraint upon both parties to thp contest as well to enforce a U'uco as to, guide the eventual settlement. "The grounds for such Intervention jnay be brjefly summarized as follows: ii nfedlcSs to *l Tj cOftimands the^im^ ftttllmM ctMtiStec* of th«* gof8fnihtnt, Was Unanimous irt fig conclusion thai tfts drstrtotioft of tire tone was cftuwed fc# iri feiterW e*frt6ii6n.. Chat of 4 suTbJft&ttjil *ln%, It aid hoi a&sntne ta ptacs tlte &- SponsllbHlly. That remains to be flkedV "In any event the destruct!6n ot the Maine, by whatever exterior causs, i^ ai patent, and.impressive proof of ft state of things In Cuba that Is intolerable. ' condition is thus shown to be such that the Spanish government can hot assure safety and Security to ft vessel of the American navy in th6 harbor of fefatfana on a mission of peace and rightfully there., "As an answer to the dlversltyof views, between the report of the American ana Spanish boards as to the destruction of the Maine, Spain proposes that the fact be ascertained by an Impartial Investigation by experts, which decision Spain accepts in advance. To this I have made no reply. The president 4uotes his message to congress December lait as follows: " 'Sure of the right, keeping free from all offense ourselves, actuated only by upright and patriotic considerations, moved neither by passion nor selfishness, the government will continue its watch: fill care, over the rights and property of ,American citizens, and will abate noha' of its efforts to bring about by peaceful, agencies a peace Which shall be honorable and enduring. If it shall hereafter appear to be a duty imposed, by 6ur obligations to oursfelves, to civilization and, humanity to intervene with force, it shall be without fault on our part, and only because the necessity for such action Will be so clear as to command the support and approval of the civilized world.' The message concludes: "The long trial has proved that the obi ject for which Spain has waged the war 1 can not be attained. The flrse of insur-,' rectlon may flame or may smolder with varying seasons, but It has not been andl It is plain that It can not be extinguished' by present methods. The only hope of relief and repose from a condition which can not longer be endured Is the enforced pacification of Ctiba. In the name of humanity, In the name of civilization, in behalf of endangered American interests which give us the right and the duty to speak and to act, the war In Cuba must stop. "In view of these facts and those considerations, I ask the congress to authorize and empower the president to take measures to secure a full and speedy termination of hostilities between the government of Spain and the people of Cuba and to secure In the Island the establishment of a stable government capable of maintaining order and observing its international obligations, insuring peace and tranquillity and the security of Its citizens, as well as our own, and to use the military and naval forces of the United States as may be necessary for these purposes. "And Ih the Interest of humanity and to aid In preserving the lives of the starving people, of the Island, I recommend that the distribution, of food and supplies be continued, and that an appropriation be made out of the public treasury to supplement the charity of our citizens. "The Issue is now with the congress. It is a solemn responsibility. I have exhausted every effort to relieve the intolerable condition of affairs which is at our doors. Prepared to execute every obligation Imposed upon me by the constitution and the law, I await your action. "Yesterday, and since the preparation of the foregoing message, offlclallnforma- tion was received by mo that the latest decree of the Queen Regent of Spain dl-; rects General Blanco, In order to prepare and facilitate peace, to proclaim a suspension of hostilities, tho duration and .details of which have not yet been communicated to me. This fact, with every other pertinent consideration, will,- I am sure, have your just aiul careful attention in the solemn deliberations upon which you are about to enter. If this measure attains a successful result, then our. aspirations as a Christian, peace-loving people will be realized. If it falls, it will be only .another justification for our contemplated action. "WIL/LIAM M'KINLEY. "Executive Mansion, April 11,, 1898." Received by Congress. Washington, .April 13.—When the president's message was sent to the senate the galleries were filled with spectators. The reading occupied nearly fifty minutes. When it was ended Senator Davis, chairman of the committee on foreign relations, moved that the message be referred to that committee and ordered to be printed. The motion prevailed. In the house the message was ordered printed and referred to the committee on foreign affairs. MOB WILL NOT"DOWN. Turbulent Scenes at Sunday Fvenlug He- pouted ut Muilriil. Madrid, April 13.—The persistent efforts of the authorities to belittle Sunday's uprising and attribute it to a momentary effervescence were neutralized Monday by a repetition of Sunday night's turbulent scenes. Groups in the Puerta del Sol and in front of the offices of the'minister of the interior last night raised the cry "Viva Espana.", The gendarmes arid police scattered them and occupied the square, but the groups quickly reformed several times, until finally the gendarmes charged the crowd, Many were injured and a large number were arrested. Throughout the evening demonstrations continued in various quarters, The police arid gendarmes repeatedly dispersed large crowds, and the arrests continued In the lower quarters. War Scare Begins tu Have, Effect on Business, WIST SUFFERS THE LEAST, The Iiavlgne and Duly Draw, Philadelphia, -April 13,—Tbivty-flve hundred people saw Jack Daly of Wil- blngton and "Kid" Lavigfte, the champion lightweight, who recently fought a twenty-round draw at Cleveland, put up as fast a six-round bout as has ever been seen at the arena. Opinion was divided as to the result, a few favoripg, either way, while a majority though^ a draw would have hit H a.l?out right.; Neither had any decided, advantage at the last bell tap. No decision was.j-en- dered, Volume of 1'nymeat* Through Itongeg it Still Much Larger Tlmn Lftat i'enr — Legitimate Bn»ln«s* Knormous nnd Failure* New York, April 18.—Bradstreet's s"ays: "The effect of the prevailing uncertainty in foreign affairs Is reflected In & further perceptible quieting down of general trade, so far as future engagements are concerned, In nearly all parts of the country. While there Is a little more activity to be noted in the dehiand for seasonable staples at the west and northwest, where better weather has helped retail and Whole•sale trade alike, rather more quiet is 'reported at the east and at the south Atlantic and gulf ports. The least notable effects yet exhibited are found in the central west, where distributive demand and movement Is reported of a seasonable character, the only changes noted, in fact, being the strengthening of money rates and the discouragement of new enterprises, such as railroad building. In the iron trade business continues of large volume. Wool continues dull, at nominal prices, at the east, and the activity In dry goods Is confined chiefly to goods needed at once. Cotton goods prices are steady, except for print cloths. Low price woolens continue In most active demand. "Exports of cereals are larger. The shipments of wheat (flour included) this week from the United States and Canada aggregate 4,044,000 bushels, 'against 3,778,000 bushels last week. Corn exports are over 1,000,000 bushels larger than last week, aggregating •1,627,000 bushels." R. G. Dun & Co.'s Weekly Review of Trade says: "The meaning of congress regarding Spain is not in doubt, .but the form of declaration at this hour is In question. The president's message has been accepted as a strong statement of the situation, and the question in congress is whether It will without change adopt his proposal. Preparations for war continue as i£ it were inevitable. There is some hindrance in business, and yet the volume of payments through clearing houses Is still 12.9 per cent larger •than last year, and outside New York •about 2.2 per cent larger than In 189$, though speculative stagnation here makes the aggregate lower. The .industries are doing well because they have enormous orders taken in February and March or earlier, which Insure operations for periods varying from a fortnight to several months. "The volume of legitimate business is enormous, and meanwhile failures are remarkably small. For the week they have been 254 in, the United States, against 207 last year, and eighteen in Canada, against thirty last year." BASEBALL SEASON OPENS, £ntliU8iasm Evinced at the First Games — Standing; of the Clubs, Another.Baseball season was started yesterday. Six of the twelve clubs of the National league were able to decide the contests scheduled. In all of the cities the greatest enthusiasm was shown. It rained in two of the eastern cities where games were to have been played. In one of the others wet grounds made a game impossible. Western clubs got along nicely. Chicago beat St. Louis, Cincinnati proved too strong for Cleveland and L'ouisville, to the surprise of all, gave Pittsburg a sound drubbing as a fitting start of •the season. Standing of the clubs: W. L. P.O. Chicago 1 0 1,000 Cincinnati 1 '0 1,000 Louisville ....1 0 -1,000 Boston... 0 0 000 New York..,. 0 0 000 Baltimore '. .0 0 000 Washington 00 000 Brooklyn .,.,. 0 0 000 Philadelphia i- 0 0 000 Pittsburg 0 1 000 St. Louis ...., 0 I 000 Cleveland ,...'. .0 1 000 Score of games; At St. Louis— Chicago .... 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0—2 St. Louis 0 0 0 0 0 0,0 0 1—1 At Louisville- Louisville .... .,02600 0 1 0 1—10 Pittsburg 001100010—3 At Cincinnati— | Cincinnati 00110100 0—3 Cleveland ,00020000 0—2 Wet grounds prevented the opening game at Philadelphia with Brooklyn, and at Washington with Baltimore. The New Yorks and Bostons played fcwo innings at New York, when ratn, stopped the game. The score was 2 to 1 'jn favor*of the home team. Games for to-day: Chicago at St. Louis, pittsbuvs at Louisville, Cleve- Jan4 at Clnejn&'atl, Boston at New .Yo»'kt Brooklyn ftt Philadelphia, W&su,< ingtp» at to It. Lady—If you need clothing-, 1 e&fa starkly yott With nn old suit of my husband'?, bnt' they'll be about four Sizes too big for you. Tramps-Sever mind, tmtm, I'll wear 'era. I'd rather be mistook for an ac than freeze. Horn* indnstry. Atttltor—You liftte tto hleahrnvmany Stamp's I use' posting my manuscripts to various editors. Critic—Very likely. I think there ought to be excursion tickets for manuscripts at reduced rates. the >lH*iMf. "And wu say the here $e"a most striking' costnme in tfig piece?'' ''Yes.' 1 "That's queer. Whafc is it?" "Tights nnd boxing gloves.' He Wa«" ^ r ^ The evangelist—Are you making&Wi provision fov the future, my yonflg- friend? **, The .voting friend—Sure. I ^oflt, down here in the cannm' factory. So many people talk at random that half of what Is said never makes a hit. BLOOD POISONING. A Nurse's Experience. There ate thousands of people suffering frohi blood poisoning who nave Hi most beggared themselves in buying medicines from which they have obtained no help. There are thousands of others who first or "" last have tried Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilln and found perfect heallupr. One of these others, Mrs. A. I'. Taylor, of Englevnlc, N. Dak. telntes the following experience: "About two years aga, 1 nursed a lady who Was suffering (ami finally died) from blood poisoning. I must have contracted the disease from her; for shortly after her death, I had four large sores or ulcers, break out ou my person. I doctored for a long time, both by external application nnd with various blood medicines; but, in spite of all that I could do, the sores would not heal. They were obstinate, very painful, annoying, and only getting worse all the time. At last, I purchased six bottles of Dr.Ayer's Sarsaparilln, thinking I \veuld give it a thorough trial. Before the first bottle was taken, I noticed a decided improvement in my general health; ray appetite fan quickened, and I felt better and sltO'iiger than I had for some time. While using tile second bottle, I noticed that the notes had beguu to look healthier and to heal. Before the six bottles haA\ been taken, the ulcers were healed, the skin sound and natural, and my health \ better than it had been for years. I have ' been well ever since. 1 had rather have one bottle of Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla than three of any other kind." This is but one example of the remedial value of Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla in all forms of blood cliseiisc. There is no other blood medicine that cures so ptomptlyt so surely and so thoroughly. After nearly half a century of test and trial it is the standard medicine of the world for all diseases of the blood. Sores, ulcers, bolls, tetter, rheumatism, scrofula and every other bl nnd disease is curable by Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla. The success of this remedy has caused many imitations to be put on the market. Imitation remedies work imitation cures. The universal testimony is that "one bottle of Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla is worth three of any other kind." If you are interested in knowing more about this rcmeclv, get D.r, Ayer's Curebook, a story of cures told by tlic cured. It is sent freo on request by the J. C. Aycr Co., Mass. Write for it. "IRONING 7VIADE EASY." REQUIRES NO COOKING MKE3 COLU1K8 AND GUFFS STIFF AND NICE F1E8T BOUGHT NEW ONE POUND THIS STARCH WILL POUND AND A HALF OTHER STARCH. iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii his starch Is preparea on scientific principles by men'who have had years of practical exnerlenpp In fnno« auuderlng. It restores old linen nud summer dresses to their natural whlicncfi/amllinnartaTboantfrn u£d Mtlug flnlsli. It Is the only starch manufactured tuat Is perfectly harnilws contauiinE nottS «r«m?u lum or any other imbalance injurious to linen and can be nsed even for tt bally powder noltller ar6enlu ' For Sale by All Wholesale and Retail Grocers. No Need to lose a Day of Delightful Spring Riding. We can fill all orders at once from stock, We are sure .we can please you in quality and price with a' Mar Word Machines and Prices Guaranteed, POPE MANUFACTURING CO., HARTFORD, CQNN, Catalogue free from any Columbia Dealer, or by mail from us for one two-cent stamp, ~" DfRYWfTO HOUSE BUILDS THB~liIGH WAY TO BEGGARY." BE WISE m TIME AND S A P O U O ^ •\ -rf,, INf 0B 4 YEARS AN '.ind'epenaenceisas' JJ VQJI home is. Jndla,!J3polts;i!*d., Aprjl 18,—yhe re aad 4emo.cyat.Jo |tate had Chicago, last n!gh*t ft&ZSffi <wn ?"•«'» * % wwfcsWo'K interfering with v^ur regular work wMa for puj- <!ttj*l9g\«j ft»a aiscount toagente?**

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